Ortler Alps

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Ortler Alps
Italian: Gruppo dell'Ortles-Cevedale
German: Ortler-Alpen
Romansh: Alps da l'Ortler
Ortler Alps 10000m.jpg
Highest peaks of the Ortler Alps
Highest point
Peak Ortler
Elevation 3,905 m (12,812 ft)
Coordinates 46°30′32″N10°32′42″E / 46.50889°N 10.54500°E / 46.50889; 10.54500
Geography
Ortler-Alpen.png
Ortler Alps
The borders of the range according to
Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps
CountriesItaly and Switzerland
Range coordinates 46°27′N10°37′E / 46.450°N 10.617°E / 46.450; 10.617 Coordinates: 46°27′N10°37′E / 46.450°N 10.617°E / 46.450; 10.617
Parent range Southern Limestone Alps
Borders onSesvenna Alps, Livigno Alps and Adamello-Presanella Alps

The Ortler Alps (Italian : Ortles-Cevedale [ˌɔrtlestʃeveˈdaːle] ; German : Ortler-Alpen; Romansh : Alps da l'Ortler [1] ) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps mountain group in the Central Eastern Alps, in Italy and Switzerland.

Contents

Geography

The Ortler Alps are separated from:

  1. the Sesvenna Alps in the north by the Ofen Pass and the Val Müstair
  2. the Livigno Alps in the southwest by the Passo di Fraéle and the Adda valley (Valtellina)
  3. the Adamello-Presanella Alps in the south by the Tonale Pass
  4. the Ötztal Alps in the north-east by the upper Adige valley (Vinschgau).

The part west of the Gavia Pass is also called Sobretta-Gavia Group.

The Ortler Alps are drained by the rivers Adda, Oglio, Adige and its tributary Noce.

Peaks

The main peaks of the Ortler Alps are:

Peak (Italian)(German)(Romansh)metresfeet
Ortles Ortler 3,90512,811
Gran Zebrù Königspitze 3,85712,655
Monte Cevedale Zufallspitze3,77412,382
Monte Zebrù 3,73512,254
Palón della Mare 3,70512,156
Punta San Matteo 3,69212,113
Monte Vioz 3,64511,959
Punta Thurwieser Thurwieserspitze 3,64111,946
Pizzo Tresero 3,60211,818
Gran Coni di Ghiaccio Großer Eiskogel 3,54711, 637
Cima Vertana Vertainspitze 3,54111,618
Punta dello Scudo Schildspitze 3,46111,355
Punta delle Bàite Tuckettspitze 3,45811,346
Cima Sternai Hintere Eggenspitze 3,44311,296
Gioveretto Zufrittspitze 3,43911,283
Cima Venezia Veneziaspitze 3,38411,103
Croda di Cengles Tschenglser Hochwand 3,37811,083
Monte Confinale 3,37011,057
Corno dei Tre Signori 3,36011,024
Punta Beltovo di Dentro Hintere Schöntaufspitze 3,32510,909
Monte Sobretta 3,29610,814
Orecchia di Lepre Hasenöhrl 3,25710,686
Monte Gavia 3,22310,574
Cima la Casina Piz Murtaröl 3,18010,430
Monte Cornaccia Piz Tea Fondada 3,14410,315
Piz Schumbraida 3,12510,253
Piz Umbrail 3,0339,951
Punta RosaRötlspitz Piz Cotschen 3,0269,928
Furkelsptiz Piz Costainas 3,0049,856
Schafberg Piz Daint 2,9689,738
Piz Turettas 2,9639,721
Piz Dora 2,9519,682
Schafberg Piz Minschuns 2,9349,626
Monte Forcola 2,9069,534
Piz Lad 2,8829,455
Cima GaribaldiDreisprachenspitze Piz da las Trais Linguas 2,8439,327
Monte Cavallaccio Piz Chavalatsch 2,7639,065
Cima del Serraglio 2,6858,809
Munt Buffalora 2,6308,630
Munt la Schera 2,5878,488
Monte Padrio 2,1537,064

Mountain passes

The main mountain passes of the Ortler Alps are:

Mountain passlocationtypeelevation
mft
Hochjoch Sulden to the Zebrù valleysnow353611,602
Vioz Pass Santa Caterina Valfurva to Peio snow333710,949
KönigsjochSulden to Santa Caterinasnow329510,811
Cevedale PassSanta Caterina to Martell snow327110,732
Eissee PassSulden to Martellsnow313310,279
Passo del ZebruSanta Caterina to the Zebrù valleysnow30259925
SallentjochMartell to Bagni di Rabbi snow30219913
Sforzellina PassSanta Caterina to Peiosnow30059859
TabarettascharteSulden to Trafoi footpath28839459
Stelvio Pass/StilfserjochTrafoi to Bormio road27609055
Gavia PassSanta Caterina to Ponte di Legno road26378651
Umbrail Pass Val Müstair to Bormio road25018205
Giufplan PassOfen road to Val Fraélefootpath23547723
Dossradond Pass Val Müstair to Val Fraélefootpath22407349
Ofen Pass Zernez to Val Müstair road21497051
Vigiljoch Lana snow17435718

History

Highest trench in history near the Ortler's peak, 1917 BASA-1221K-1-61-41.jpg
Highest trench in history near the Ortler's peak, 1917

The Ortler Alps were part of the Italian front during World War I. In this area, the Austro-Hungarians and the Italians dug in during a trench war fought at altitudes above 3,000 m (10,000 ft) for most of the war. Some trenches are still visible today, and war relics continue to be found in the area.

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References

  1. "Il salvament aviatic sur ils cunfins or vegn simplifitgà". gr.ch (in Romansh). Canton of Grisons. 1998-04-14. Retrieved 2020-09-16. da l'Ortler