Bernese Alps

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Bernese Alps
BerneseAlps.jpg
The Eiger, Mönch, and Jungfrau
Highest point
Peak Finsteraarhorn
Elevation 4,274 m (14,022 ft)
Coordinates 46°32′19″N8°07′38″E / 46.53861°N 8.12722°E / 46.53861; 8.12722
Naming
Native name
Geography
Berner Alpen.png
Bernese Alps (red)
CountrySwitzerland
Cantons Bern, Vaud, Fribourg and Valais
Range coordinates 46°25′N7°45′E / 46.417°N 7.750°E / 46.417; 7.750 Coordinates: 46°25′N7°45′E / 46.417°N 7.750°E / 46.417; 7.750
Parent range Western Alps
Borders on Chablais Alps, Pennine Alps, Lepontine Alps, Uri Alps and Emmental Alps
Topo map Swiss Federal Office of Topography swisstopo

The Bernese Alps (German : Berner Alpen, French : Alpes bernoises, Italian : Alpi bernesi) are a mountain range of the Alps, located in western Switzerland. Although the name suggests that they are located in the Berner Oberland region of the canton of Bern, portions of the Bernese Alps are in the adjacent cantons of Valais, Fribourg and Vaud, the latter being usually named Fribourg Alps and Vaud Alps respectively. The highest mountain in the range, the Finsteraarhorn, is also the highest point in the canton of Bern.

Contents

The Rhône valley separates them from the Chablais Alps in the west and from the Pennine Alps in the south; the upper Rhône valley separates them from the Lepontine Alps to the southeast; the Grimsel Pass and the Aare valley separates them from the Uri Alps in the east, and from the Emmental Alps in the north; their northwestern edge is not well defined, describing a line roughly from Lake Geneva to Lake Thun. The Bernese Alps are drained by the river Aare and its tributary the Saane in the north, the Rhône in the south, and the Reuss in the east.

Geography

One of the most prominent Alpine ranges, the Bernese Alps extend from the gorge of Saint-Maurice, through which the Rhône finds its way to Lake Geneva, to the Grimsel Pass or, depending on the definition, to the river Reuss (thus including the Uri Alps). The principal ridge, a chain that runs 100 kilometres (62 mi) from west (Dent de Morcles) to east (Sidelhorn), whose highest peak is the Finsteraarhorn, forms the watershed between the cantons of Bern and Valais. Except for the westernmost part, it is also the watershed between the Rhine (North Sea) and the Rhône (Mediterranean Sea). This chain is not centered inside the range but lies close (10 to 15 km) to the Rhône on the south. This makes a large difference between the south, where the lateral short valleys descend abruptly into the deep trench forming the valley of the Rhône and the north, where the Bernese Alps extends through a great part of the canton of Bern (Bernese Oberland), throwing out branches to the west into the adjoining cantons of Vaud and Fribourg. There the mountains progressively become lower and disappear into the hilly Swiss Plateau. [1] The Bernese Alps have a large influence on the climate of Switzerland: while their north side is very exposed to weather, their south side is protected from it. As a consequence, agriculture consists essentially of dairy farming and cattle breeding on the northern foothills, while on the sunnier southern foothills (Rhone Valley) it also consists of vineyards.

Gemmi Pass is the most central of the major passes through the main chain. It also marks the separation between two distinct sections of the Bernese Alps: the chain west of Gemmi Pass, consisting mainly of foothils with a few large glacier-covered mountains (notably Dent de Morcles, Grand Muveran, Diablerets, Wildhorn and Wildstrubel) around 3,000 metres (9,800 ft), and the chain east of Gemmi Pass, consisting mainly of summits around 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) on several subranges, with large valley glaciers between them. The latter section, contrary to the former, has very few foothills and is the most glaciated part of the Alps. [2]

A characteristic in the orography of the Bernese Alps is, that whereas the western portion of that chain consists of a single series of summits with comparatively short projecting buttresses, the higher group presents a series of longitudinal ridges parallel to the axis of the main chain, and separated from each other by deep valleys that form the channels of great glaciers. Thus the Tschingel Glacier and the Kander Glacier, separate the portion of the main range lying between the Gemmi Pass and the Mittaghorn from the equally high parallel range of the Doldenhorn and Blümlisalp on its northern side. To the south the same portion of the main range is divided from the still higher parallel range whose summits are the Aletschhorn and the Bietschhorn by the Lötschental and the Lötschenlücke. To this again succeeds the deep trench through which the lower part of the Aletsch Glacier flows down to the Rhône, enclosed by the minor ridge that culminates at the Eggishorn. [1]

It is in the central and eastern portions of the range only that crystalline rocks make their appearance; the western part is composed almost exclusively of sedimentary deposits, and the secondary ridges extending through Bern and the adjoining cantons are formed of jurassic, cretaceous, or eocene strata. [1]

Alpine Landscape.jpg
The north side of the Bernese Alps from across the Swiss Plateau
Rhone Valley.jpg
The south side of the Bernese Alps from across the Rhone Valley

Exploration

The Finsteraarhorn is the highest mountain in the Bernese Alps. It is also one of the remotest locations in Switzerland Finsteraarhorn and surrounding mounts.jpg
The Finsteraarhorn is the highest mountain in the Bernese Alps. It is also one of the remotest locations in Switzerland

The beauty of the scenery and the facilities offered to travellers by the general extension of mountain railways make the northern side of the range, the Bernese Oberland, one of the portions of the Alps most visited by tourists. Since strangers first began to visit the Alps, the names of Grindelwald, Lauterbrunnen, and Interlaken have become famous. But unlike many other Alpine regions, which have been left to be explored by strangers, this region has been long visited by Swiss travellers and men of science. Among them were the brother Meyer of Aarau and Franz Joseph Hugi. They have explored most of the mountain ranges not very difficult of access, and have climbed most of the higher summits. In 1841, Louis Agassiz, with several scientific friends, established a temporary station on the Unteraar Glacier, and, along with scientific observations on the glaciers, started a series of expeditions. Several mountains in the area are named after Agassiz and the other explorers. The works of Desor and Gottlieb Studer have been followed by several other publications that bear testimony to Swiss mountaineering activity. Notwithstanding the activity of their predecessors, the members of the English Alpine Club have found scope for further exploits, amongst which may be reckoned the first ascents of the Aletschhorn and the Schreckhorn, and the still more arduous enterprise of crossing the range by passes, such as the Jungfraujoch and Eigerjoch, which are considered among the most difficult in the Alps. [1]

Jungfrau-Aletsch area

Jungfrau-Aletsch area seen from space Switzerland (14399363612).jpg
Jungfrau-Aletsch area seen from space

The Jungfrau-Aletsch area is located in the eastern Bernese Alps in the most glaciated region of the Alps. It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch) in 2001 and further expanded in 2007. Its name comes from the Aletsch Glacier and the two summits of the Jungfrau and Bietschhorn, which constitute some of the most impressive features of the site. The actual site (after the extension) includes other large glacier valleys such as the Fiescher Glacier and the Aar Glaciers.

List of peaks

The chief peaks of the Bernese Alps are:

Name Elevation
Finsteraarhorn 4,274 metres (14,022 ft)
Aletschhorn 4,182 metres (13,720 ft)
Jungfrau 4,166 metres (13,668 ft)
Mönch 4,105 metres (13,468 ft)
Schreckhorn 4,080 metres (13,386 ft)
Grosses Fiescherhorn 4,049 metres (13,284 ft)
Grünhorn 4,043 metres (13,264 ft)
Lauteraarhorn 4,042 metres (13,261 ft)
Hinteres Fiescherhorn 4,025 metres (13,205 ft)
Gletscherhorn 3,983 metres (13,068 ft)
Rottalhorn 3,969 metres (13,022 ft)
Eiger 3,967 metres (13,015 ft)
Ebnefluh 3,962 metres (12,999 ft)
Agassizhorn 3,946 metres (12,946 ft)
Bietschhorn 3,934 metres (12,907 ft)
Trugberg 3,933 metres (12,904 ft)
Klein Grünhorn 3,913 metres (12,838 ft)
Gross Wannenhorn 3,905 metres (12,812 ft)
Kleines Fiescherhorn 3,895 metres (12,779 ft)
Mittaghorn 3,892 metres (12,769 ft)
Fiescher Gabelhorn 3,876 metres (12,717 ft)
Schönbühlhorn 3,854 metres (12,644 ft)
Nesthorn 3,820 metres (12,533 ft)
Dreieckhorn 3,811 metres (12,503 ft)
Schinhorn 3,797 metres (12,457 ft)
Breithorn (Blatten) 3,785 metres (12,418 ft)
Breithorn (Lauterbrunnen) 3,779 metres (12,398 ft)
Grosshorn 3,754 metres (12,316 ft)
Sattelhorn 3,745 metres (12,287 ft)
Kranzberg 3,742 metres (12,277 ft)
Geisshorn 3,740 metres (12,270 ft)
Klein Lauteraarhorn 3,737 metres (12,260 ft)
Wetterhorn 3,708 metres (12,165 ft)
Mittelhorn 3,704 metres (12,152 ft)
Rotstock 3,699 metres (12,136 ft)
Balmhorn 3,698 metres (12,133 ft)
Silberhorn 3,695 metres (12,123 ft)
Rosenhorn 3,689 metres (12,103 ft)
Blüemlisalphorn 3,671 metres (12,044 ft)
Bärglistock 3,656 metres (11,995 ft)
Breitlauihorn 3,655 metres (11,991 ft)
Doldenhorn 3,647 metres (11,965 ft)
Hugihorn 3,647 metres (11,965 ft)
Altels 3,636 metres (11,929 ft)
Gross Fusshorn 3,627 metres (11,900 ft)
Tschingelhorn 3,562 metres (11,686 ft)
Lonzahörner 3,560 metres (11,680 ft)
Unterbächhorn 3,554 metres (11,660 ft)
Finsteraarrothorn 3,530 metres (11,581 ft)
Galmihorn 3,505 metres (11,499 ft)
Wysshorn 3,546 metres (11,634 ft)
Kleines Schreckhorn 3,494 metres (11,463 ft)
Nasse Strahlegg 3,485 metres (11,434 ft)
Lauteraar Rothörner 3,478 metres (11,411 ft)
Wasenhorn 3,447 metres (11,309 ft)
Gspaltenhorn 3,442 metres (11,293 ft)
Ewigschneehorn 3,331 metres (10,928 ft)
Olmenhorn 3,314 metres (10,873 ft)
Hienderstock 3,307 metres (10,850 ft)
Wilerhorn 3,307 metres (10,850 ft)
Tschingelspitz 3,304 metres (10,840 ft)
Hockenhorn 3,293 metres (10,804 ft)
Ritzlihorn 3,282 metres (10,768 ft)
Hogleifa 3,278 metres (10,755 ft)
Wildhorn 3,248 metres (10,656 ft)
Bächlistock 3,247 metres (10,653 ft)
Birghorn 3,243 metres (10,640 ft)
Wildstrubel 3,243 metres (10,640 ft)
Hohstock 3,226 metres (10,584 ft)
Stockhorn 3,212 metres (10,538 ft)
Diablerets 3,210 metres (10,531 ft)
Sackhorn 3,204 metres (10,512 ft)
Petersgrat 3,202 metres (10,505 ft)
Strahlhorn (Baltschieder) 3,200 metres (10,499 ft)
Wellhorn 3,196 metres (10,486 ft)
Firehorn 3,182 metres (10,440 ft)
Steinlauihorn 3,161 metres (10,371 ft)
Wannihorn 3,115 metres (10,220 ft)
Brandlammhorn 3,108 metres (10,197 ft)
Mettenberg 3,107 metres (10,194 ft)
Schwarzhorn 3,105 metres (10,187 ft)
Löffelhorn 3,098 metres (10,164 ft)
Tieregghorn 3,075 metres (10,089 ft)
Geltenhorn 3,065 metres (10,056 ft)
Grand Muveran 3,061 metres (10,043 ft)
Mutthorn 3,053 metres (10,016 ft)
Arpelistock 3,035 metres (9,957 ft)
Sparrhorn 3,026 metres (9,928 ft)
Torrenthorn 3,003 metres (9,852 ft)
Wiwannihorn 3,001 metres (9,846 ft)
Brünberg 2,982 metres (9,783 ft)
Schilthorn 2,973 metres (9,754 ft)
Dent de Morcles 2,969 metres (9,741 ft)
Gärsthorn 2,964 metres (9,724 ft)
Eggishorn 2,934 metres (9,626 ft)
Schwarzhorn 2,930 metres (9,613 ft)
Ritzihorn 2,891 metres (9,485 ft)
Wildgärst 2,891 metres (9,485 ft)
Gross Sidelhorn 2,881 metres (9,452 ft)
Alplistock 2,878 metres (9,442 ft)
Risihorn 2,876 metres (9,436 ft)
Bettmerhorn 2,872 metres (9,423 ft)
Gallauistöck 2,869 metres (9,413 ft)
Gstellihorn 2,855 metres (9,367 ft)
Innerer Fisistock 2,787 metres (9,144 ft)
Grosses Engelhorn 2,782 metres (9,127 ft)
Chistehorn 2,785 metres (9,137 ft)
Niwen 2,769 metres (9,085 ft)
Albristhorn 2,764 metres (9,068 ft)
Bietenhorn 2,756 metres (9,042 ft)
Ärmighorn 2,742 metres (8,996 ft)
Tschingellochtighorn 2,735 metres (8,973 ft)
Klein Wellhorn 2,701 metres (8,862 ft)
Mittaghorn 2,686 metres (8,812 ft)
Birg 2,684 metres (8,806 ft)
Faulhorn 2,683 metres (8,802 ft)
Schwarzmönch 2,649 metres (8,691 ft)
Mont à Cavouère 2,612 metres (8,570 ft)
Schluchhorn 2,579 metres (8,461 ft)
Bunderspitz 2,546 metres (8,353 ft)
Sulegg 2,412 metres (7,913 ft)
Niesen 2,366 metres (7,762 ft)
Pic Chaussy 2,351 metres (7,713 ft)
Tête du Portail 2,335 metres (7,661 ft)
Rauflihorn 2,323 metres (7,621 ft)
Gebidum 2,317 metres (7,602 ft)
Wiriehorn 2,304 metres (7,559 ft)
Furggenspitz 2,297 metres (7,536 ft)
Pointe des Savolaires 2,294 metres (7,526 ft)
Oltschiburg 2,234 metres (7,329 ft)
Riederhorn 2,230 metres (7,316 ft)
Vanil Carré 2,197 metres (7,208 ft)
Regenboldshorn 2,193 metres (7,195 ft)
Hochmatt 2,152 metres (7,060 ft)
Rüdigenspitze 2,124 metres (6,969 ft)
Le Chamossaire 2,116 metres (6,942 ft)
Rocher du Midi 2,097 metres (6,880 ft)
Dent de Combette 2,082 metres (6,831 ft)
Hohmad 2,076 metres (6,811 ft)
Hohmädli 2,021 metres (6,631 ft)
Wätterlatte 2,007 metres (6,585 ft)

Glaciers

The Aletsch Glacier is the largest glacier in the Alps Grosser Aletschgletscher 3196.JPG
The Aletsch Glacier is the largest glacier in the Alps

Main glaciers:

List of mountains lakes

Oeschinensee Oeschinen.jpg
Oeschinensee

List of passes

The road of the Grimsel Pass is the only one connecting the cantons of Bern and Valais Grimselsee, 2010 07.JPG
The road of the Grimsel Pass is the only one connecting the cantons of Bern and Valais

The chief passes of the Bernese Alps are:

Mountain passLocationTypeElevation
Lauitor Lauterbrunnen to the Eggishorn Snow3,700 metres (12,139 ft)
Mönchjoch Grindelwald to the Eggishorn Snow3,560 metres (11,680 ft)
Jungfraujoch Wengernalp to the Eggishorn Snow3,470 metres (11,385 ft)
Strahlegg Grindelwald to the Grimsel Pass Snow3,351 metres (10,994 ft)
Grünhornlücke Great Aletsch Glacier to the Fiescher Glacier Snow3,305 metres (10,843 ft)
Oberaarjoch Grimsel to the Eggishorn Snow3,233 metres (10,607 ft)
Gauli Grimsel to Meiringen Snow3,206 metres (10,518 ft)
Petersgrat Lauterbrunnen to the Lötschental Snow3,205 metres (10,515 ft)
Lötschenlücke Lötschental to the Eggishorn Snow3,204 metres (10,512 ft)
Lauteraarsattel Grindelwald to the Grimsel Snow3,156 metres (10,354 ft)
Beichgrat Lötschental to the Belalp Snow3,136 metres (10,289 ft)
Lammernjoch Lenk to the Gemmi Snow3,132 metres (10,276 ft)
Gamchilucke Kiental to Lauterbrunnen Snow2,833 metres (9,295 ft)
Tschiugel Lauterbrunnen to Kandersteg Snow2,824 metres (9,265 ft)
Hohtürli Kandersteg to the Kiental Footpath2,707 metres (8,881 ft)
Lötschen Kandersteg to the Lötschental Snow2,695 metres (8,842 ft)
Sefinenfurgge Lauterbrunnen to the Kiental Footpath2,616 metres (8,583 ft)
Rawil Sion to Lenk im Simmental Bridle path2,415 metres (7,923 ft)
Gemmi Kandersteg to Leukerbad Bridle path2,329 metres (7,641 ft)
Sanetsch Sion to Saanen Bridle path2,234 metres (7,329 ft)
Grimsel Meiringen to the Rhône Glacier Road2,164 metres (7,100 ft)
Kleine Scheidegg Grindelwald to Lauterbrunnen Path, railway2,064 metres (6,772 ft)
Cheville Sion to Bex Bridle path2,049 metres (6,722 ft)
Grosse Scheidegg Grindelwald to Meiringen road (restricted to buses)1,967 metres (6,453 ft)

See also

Related Research Articles

Swiss Alps Portion of the Alps that lies within Switzerland

The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps, represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions. The Swiss Alps extend over both the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps, encompassing an area sometimes called Central Alps. While the northern ranges from the Bernese Alps to the Appenzell Alps are entirely in Switzerland, the southern ranges from the Mont Blanc massif to the Bernina massif are shared with other countries such as France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein.

Jungfrau

The Jungfrau, at 4,158 meters (13,642 ft) is one of the main summits of the Bernese Alps, located between the northern canton of Bern and the southern canton of Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch. Together with the Eiger and Mönch, the Jungfrau forms a massive wall of mountains overlooking the Bernese Oberland and the Swiss Plateau, one of the most distinctive sights of the Swiss Alps.

Aletsch Glacier

The Aletsch Glacier or Great Aletsch Glacier is the largest glacier in the Alps. It has a length of about 23 km (14 mi) (2014), has about a volume of 15.4 km3 (3.7 cu mi) (2011), and covers about 81.7 km2 (2011) in the eastern Bernese Alps in the Swiss canton of Valais. The Aletsch Glacier is composed of four smaller glaciers converging at Concordia Place, where its thickness was measured by the ETH to be still near 1 km (3,300 ft). It then continues towards the Rhône valley before giving birth to the Massa. The Aletsch Glacier is – like most glaciers in the world today – a retreating glacier. As of 2016, since 1980 it lost 1.3 kilometres (0.81 mi) of its length, since 1870 3.2 kilometres (2.0 mi), and lost also more than 300 metres (980 ft) of its thickness.

Canton of Bern Canton of Switzerland

The canton of Bern or Berne is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of ten districts and its capital city is Bern. The bear is the heraldic symbol of the canton, displayed on a red-yellow background.

Eiger Mountain in the Bernese Alps, Switzerland

The Eiger is a 3,967-metre (13,015 ft) mountain of the Bernese Alps, overlooking Grindelwald and Lauterbrunnen in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland, just north of the main watershed and border with Valais. It is the easternmost peak of a ridge crest that extends across the Mönch to the Jungfrau at 4,158 m (13,642 ft), constituting one of the most emblematic sights of the Swiss Alps. While the northern side of the mountain rises more than 3,000 m (10,000 ft) above the two valleys of Grindelwald and Lauterbrunnen, the southern side faces the large glaciers of the Jungfrau-Aletsch area, the most glaciated region in the Alps. The most notable feature of the Eiger is its nearly 1,800-metre-high (5,900 ft) north face of rock and ice, named Eiger-Nordwand, Eigerwand or just Nordwand, which is the biggest north face in the Alps. This huge face towers over the resort of Kleine Scheidegg at its base, on the homonymous pass connecting the two valleys.

Finsteraarhorn Mountain in the Bernese Alps

The Finsteraarhorn is a mountain lying on the border between the cantons of Bern and Valais. It is the highest mountain of the Bernese Alps and the most prominent peak of Switzerland. The Finsteraarhorn is the ninth-highest mountain and third-most prominent peak in the Alps. In 2001 the whole massif and surrounding glaciers were designated as part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch World Heritage Site.

Diablerets

The Diablerets are a huge ice-covered mountain massif of the Alps, culminating at the Sommet des Diablerets at 3,210 metres (10,530 ft) above sea level and straddling the border between the Swiss cantons of Vaud (VD) and Valais (VS). The northeastern part of the massif stretches also into the canton of Bern (BE).

Jungfraujoch

The Jungfraujoch is a saddle connecting two major 4000ers of the Bernese Alps: the Jungfrau and the Mönch. It lies at an elevation of 3,463 metres (11,362 ft) above sea level and is directly overlooked by the rocky prominence of the Sphinx. The Jungfraujoch is a glacier saddle, on the upper snows of the Aletsch Glacier, and part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch area, situated on the boundary between the cantons of Bern and Valais, halfway between Interlaken and Fiesch.

Aletschhorn

The Aletschhorn is a mountain in the Alps in Switzerland, lying within the Jungfrau-Aletsch region, which has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The mountain shares part of its name with the Aletsch Glacier lying at its foot.

Bernese Oberland

The Bernese Oberland is the higher part of the canton of Bern, Switzerland, in the southern end of the canton, and one of the canton's five administrative regions.

Bietschhorn

The Bietschhorn is a mountain in canton Wallis to the south of the Bernese Alps in Switzerland. The northeast and southern slopes of the mountain are part of the Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site that also includes the Jungfrau and the Aletsch Glacier. The Bietschhorn is located on the south side of the Lötschental valley and form part of the UNESCO World Heritage Region at the north end of the Bietschtal valley and Baltschiedertal valley. Most climbers approach the mountain from either the Bietschhornhütte or the Baltschiederklause.

Tourism in Switzerland Overview of tourism in Switzerland

Tourists are drawn to Switzerland's diverse landscape as well as activities. Most interesting are the Alpine climate and landscapes, in particular for skiing and mountaineering.

Wildstrubel

The Wildstrubel is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the border between the Swiss cantons of Bern and Valais. It forms a large glaciated massif, about 15 km wide, extending between the Rawil Pass and the Gemmi Pass. Along with the Muverans, the Diablerets and the Wildhorn, the Wildstrubel is one the four distinct mountain massifs of the Bernese Alps that lie west of the Gemmi Pass. The massif of the Wildstrubel is at the centre between the valleys of Simmental (BE), Engstligental (BE) and the Rhone (VS), the exact location of the tripoint being the summit of the Schneehorn. It comprises several distinct summits, including the Wetzsteinhorn, the Rohrbachstein, the Weisshorn, the Pointe de la Plaine Morte, Mont Bonvin, the Trubelstock and the Schneehorn. The main crest with the almost equally high summits of the Mittelgipfel and the Grossstrubel forms an amphitheatre oriented eastward which ends at the Steghorn and the Daubenhorn. This area encloses the Wildstrubel Glacier. To the southwest, the Wildstrubel overlooks the high plateau of the Plaine Morte Glacier, which also includes an unnamed lake below the Schneehorn.

Wildhorn

The Wildhorn is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the border between the Swiss cantons of Bern and Valais. At 3,248 metres (10,656 ft) above sea level, it is the highest summit of the Bernese Alps west of the Gemmi Pass. It forms a large glaciated massif, about 10 km wide, extending between the Sanetsch Pass and the Rawil Pass. Along with the Muverans, the Diablerets and the Wildstrubel, the Wildhorn is one the four distinct mountain massifs of the Bernese Alps that lie west of the Gemmi Pass. The massif of the Wildhorn is at the centre between the valleys of the Saane, Simme and the Rhone (Valais). It comprises several distinct summits, including the Arpelistock, Le Sérac, the Geltenhorn, the Sex Noir, the Sex Rouge, the Schnidehorn and the Six des Eaux Froides. The main crest is between the glaciers named Tungelgletscher and Glacier du Wildhorn. South of the main summit is the almost equally high summit of Mont Pucel. The Wildhorn is surrounded by several large mountain lakes: the Lac de Sénin, the Lauenensee, the Iffigsee, the Lac de Tseuzier and the Lac des Audannes. The Tungelgletscher, on the north-east face, was measured as 1.9 km in length in 1973.

Steghorn

The Steghorn is a mountain of the Bernese Alps, located on the border between the Swiss cantons of Bern and Valais. It lies between the Engstligenalp (Bernese Oberland and the Gemmi Pass. The Steghorn belongs to the massif of the Wildstrubel.

Eggishorn

The Eggishorn is a mountain in the southeastern part of the Bernese Alps, located north of Fiesch in the Swiss canton of Valais. A cable car station is located on a secondary summit named Fiescherhorli, 500 metres south of the main peak.

Agassizhorn

The Agassizhorn is a mountain of the Bernese Alps in Switzerland. It lies just north-west of the Finsteraarhorn, the main summit of the range. The Agassizhorn is the tripoint between the valleys of the Lower Grindelwald Glacier, the Unteraar Glacier and the Fiescher Glacier. Because the Lower Grindelwald and Unteraar glaciers drain into the Aar and hence the Rhine and North Sea, whilst the Fiescher glacier drains into the Rhone and hence the Mediterranean Sea, the Sidelhorn lies on the European continental divide.

Jungfraujoch railway station

Jungfraujoch is an underground railway station situated near the Jungfraujoch, in the canton of Valais, a few metres from the border with the canton of Bern. At 3,454 meters (11,332 ft) above sea level, it is the terminus of the Jungfrau Railway and the highest railway station in Switzerland and Europe. The Jungfrau Railway runs from Kleine Scheidegg in the Bernese Oberland, through the Jungfrau Tunnel and crosses the border between the two cantons shortly before the terminus.

Jungfrau-Aletsch protected area

The Jungfrau-Aletsch protected area is located in south-western Switzerland between the cantons of Berne and Valais. It is a mountainous region in the easternmost side of the Bernese Alps, containing the northern wall of Jungfrau and Eiger, and the largest glaciated area in western Eurasia, comprising the Aletsch Glacier. The Jungfrau-Aletsch protected area is the first World Natural Heritage site in the Alps; it was inscribed in 2001.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 John Ball, The Alpine guide, Central Alps, 1866, London
  2. Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Site