|FIS Alpine World Ski Championships|
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships are an alpine skiing competition organized by the International Ski Federation (FIS).
The Fédération Internationale de Ski is the world's highest governing body for international winter sports. Founded in Chamonix on 2 February 1924, it is responsible for the Olympic disciplines of Alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, Nordic combined, freestyle skiing and snowboarding. The FIS is also responsible for setting the international competition rules. The organization now has a membership of 118 national ski associations and is based in Oberhofen am Thunersee, Switzerland.
The first world championships in alpine skiing were held in 1931. During the 1930s, the event was held annually in Europe, until interrupted by the outbreak of World War II, preventing a 1940 event. An event was held in 1941, but included competitors only from nations from the Axis powers or nations not at war with them. The results were later cancelled by the FIS in 1946 because of the limited number of participants, so they are not considered official.
A world championship is generally an international competition open to elite competitors from around the world, representing their nations, and winning such an event will be considered the highest or near highest achievement in the sport, game, or ability.
Alpine skiing, or downhill skiing, is the pastime of sliding down snow-covered slopes on skis with fixed-heel bindings, unlike other types of skiing, which use skis with free-heel bindings. Whether for recreation or for sport, it is typically practised at ski resorts, which provide such services as ski lifts, artificial snow making, snow grooming, restaurants, and ski patrol.
World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.
Following the war, the championships were connected with the Olympics for several decades. From 1948 through 1982, the competition was held in even-numbered years, with the Winter Olympics acting as the World Championships through 1980, and a separate competition held in even-numbered non-Olympic years. The 1950 championships in the United States at Aspen were the first held outside of Europe and the first official championships separate of the Olympics since 1939.
At the 1948 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland, the six alpine skiing events were held on Piz Nair from Monday, 2 February to Thursday, 5 February 1948.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1982 were held in Schladming, Austria, between 28 January and 7 February 1982. These were the 27th World Championships; the men's races were held at Planai and the women's at Haus im Ennstal.
Alpine skiing has been contested at every Winter Olympics since 1936, when a combined event was held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
The combined event was dropped after 1948 with the addition of the giant slalom in 1950, but returned in 1954 as a "paper" race which used the results of the three events: downhill, giant slalom, and slalom. During Olympic years from 1956 through 1980, FIS World Championship medals were awarded in the combined, but not Olympic medals. The combined returned as a separately run event in 1982 with its own downhill and two-run slalom, and the Super-G was added to the program in 1987. (Both were also added to the Olympics in 1988.)
Combined is an event in alpine ski racing. A traditional combined competition consists of one run of downhill and two runs of slalom, each discipline run on separate days. The winner is the skier with the fastest aggregate time. A modified version, the super combined, is a speed race and only one run of slalom, with both portions scheduled on the same day.
Giant slalom (GS) is an alpine skiing and alpine snowboarding discipline. It involves skiing between sets of poles (gates) spaced at a greater distance from each other than in slalom but less than in Super-G.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1954 were held in Åre, Sweden, from 28 February – 7 March 1954.
There were no World Championships in 1983 or 1984 and since 1985, they have been scheduled in odd-numbered years, independent of the Winter Olympics. A lack of snow in southern Spain in 1995 caused a postponement to the following year.
Alpine Skiing at the 1984 Winter Olympics consisted of six alpine skiing events, held 13–19 February in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. The men's races were at Bjelašnica and the women's at Jahorina. Due to weather delays, both downhill races were postponed several days and run after the giant slalom races.
The FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1985 were held in Bormio, northern Italy between January 31 and February 10, 1985.
Snow comprises individual ice crystals that grow while suspended in the atmosphere—usually within clouds—and then fall, accumulating on the ground where they undergo further changes. It consists of frozen crystalline water throughout its life cycle, starting when, under suitable conditions, the ice crystals form in the atmosphere, increase to millimeter size, precipitate and accumulate on surfaces, then metamorphose in place, and ultimately melt, slide or sublimate away. Snowstorms organize and develop by feeding on sources of atmospheric moisture and cold air. Snowflakes nucleate around particles in the atmosphere by attracting supercooled water droplets, which freeze in hexagonal-shaped crystals. Snowflakes take on a variety of shapes, basic among these are platelets, needles, columns and rime. As snow accumulates into a snowpack, it may blow into drifts. Over time, accumulated snow metamorphoses, by sintering, sublimation and freeze-thaw. Where the climate is cold enough for year-to-year accumulation, a glacier may form. Otherwise, snow typically melts seasonally, causing runoff into streams and rivers and recharging groundwater.
|Year||Place||Country||Event||Official FIS designation|
|1931||Mürren|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1931||1st Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1932||Cortina d'Ampezzo||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1932||2nd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1933||Innsbruck||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1933||3rd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1934||St. Moritz|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1934||4th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1935||Mürren|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1935||5th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1936||Innsbruck||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1936||6th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1937||Chamonix||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1937||7th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1938||Engelberg|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1938||8th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1939||Zakopane||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1939||9th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1941||Cortina d'Ampezzo||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1941||none|
|1948||St. Moritz|| ||1948 Winter Olympics||10th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1950||Aspen, Colorado||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1950||11th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1952||Oslo||1952 Winter Olympics||12th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1954||Åre||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1954||13th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1956||Cortina d'Ampezzo||1956 Winter Olympics||14th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1958||Badgastein||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1958||15th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1960||Squaw Valley, California||1960 Winter Olympics||16th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1962||Chamonix||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1962||17th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1964||Innsbruck||1964 Winter Olympics||18th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1966||Portillo||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966||19th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1968||Grenoble||1968 Winter Olympics||20th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1970||Val Gardena||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1970||21st Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1972||Sapporo||1972 Winter Olympics||22nd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1974||St. Moritz|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1974||23rd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1976||Innsbruck||1976 Winter Olympics||24th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1978||Garmisch-Partenkirchen||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1978||25th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1980||Lake Placid, New York||1980 Winter Olympics||26th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1982||Schladming||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1982||27th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1985||Bormio||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1985||28th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1987||Crans-Montana|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1987||29th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1989||Vail, Colorado||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1989||30th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1991||Saalbach||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1991||31st Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1993||Morioka||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1993||32nd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1996||Sierra Nevada||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1996||33rd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1997||Sestriere||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1997||34th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|1999||Vail, Colorado||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1999||35th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2001||St. Anton||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2001||36th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2003||St. Moritz|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2003||37th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2005||Bormio||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2005||38th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2007||Åre||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2007||39th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2009||Val d'Isère||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2009||40th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2011||Garmisch-Partenkirchen||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2011||41st Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2013||Schladming||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2013||42nd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2015||Vail/Beaver Creek, CO||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2015||43rd Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2017||St. Moritz|| ||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2017||44th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2019||Åre||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2019||45th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2021||Cortina d'Ampezzo||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2021||46th Alpine World Ski Championships|
|2023||Courchevel-Méribel||FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 2023||47th Alpine World Ski Championships|
A total of 12 countries have hosted the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships, including those which were shared with the Winter Olympics. All of the top-7 on the list of nations which have won FIS World Cup races have been selected as host at least twice. The World Championships have been held only once in the Southern Hemisphere, in 1966 in Portillo, Chile in August. The list is complete through 2019 and does not include the unofficial 1941 event.
The Southern Hemisphere is the half of Earth that is south of the Equator. It contains all or parts of five continents, four oceans and most of the Pacific Islands in Oceania. Its surface is 80.9% water, compared with 60.7% water in the case of the Northern Hemisphere, and it contains 32.7% of Earth's land.
Portillo is a ski resort in South America, located in the Andes mountains of Chile. In the Valparaíso Region, it is near the city of Los Andes, and 160 km (100 mi) by vehicle from Santiago. Its hotel sits at an elevation of 2,880 m (9,450 ft) above sea level, and the highest lift reaches 3,310 m (10,860 ft). The lowest lift loads at 2,548 m (8,360 ft), yielding a vertical drop of 762 m (2,500 ft). Ski Portillo has 35 named runs and 14 lifts. It is owned and operated by the Purcell family who have a chain of hotels in Chile, most noticeably the Tierra Hotels including Tierra Atacama in San Pedro de Atacama.
|Country||World Championships hosted||Earliest|
| Latest |
|Total number||Independent||Shared with|
|Men's giant slalom||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|Men's Super G||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|Men's Parallel Event||•|
|Women's giant slalom||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|Women's Super G||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
|Women's Parallel Event||•|
|Mixed Nations Team Event||•||•||•||•||•||•||•||•|
Note: The men's Super G in 1993 and the team event in 2009 were cancelled due to adverse weather conditions, and no medals were awarded.
Participants with five or more medals in the individual disciplines (not including team events) at the Alpine Skiing World Championships are (boldface denotes active skiers):
|Kjetil André Aamodt||12||5||4||3|
|Aksel Lund Svindal||9||5||2||2|
|Pirmin Zurbriggen|| ||9||4||4||1|
|Émile Allais 1||8||4||4||0|
|Rudolf Rominger 1|| ||7||4||1||2|
|David Zogg 1|| ||7||3||4||0|
|Anton Seelos 1||5||4||1||0|
|James Couttet|| ||5||1||2||2|
|Otto Furrer 1|| ||5||1||2||2|
1Note: Medals earned in the 1930s, when it was an annual event.
|Christl Cranz 1,2||15||12||3||0|
|Lisa Resch 1||8||1||4||3|
|Erika Hess|| ||7||6||0||1|
|Käthe Grasegger 1||7||0||1||6|
|Inge Wersin-Lantschner 1||6||3||3||0|
|Vreni Schneider|| ||6||3||2||1|
|Anny Rüegg 1|| ||5||2||1||2|
|Frieda Dänzer|| ||5||1||3||1|
|Nini von Arx-Zogg 1|| ||5||0||4||1|
|Lara Gut|| ||5||0||3||2|
1Note: Medals earned in the 1930s, when it was an annual event.2Note: Medals from the non-recognized 1941 championship not included
Top 10 skiers who won more gold medals at the Alpine Skiing World Championships (including at team events) are listed below. Boldface denotes active skiers and highest medal count among all skiers (including these who not included in these tables) per type.
|1||Marcel Hirscher||2013||2019||7 **||4||–||11 **|
|4||Kjetil André Aamodt||1991||2003||5||4||3||12|
|5||Aksel Lund Svindal||2005||2019||5||2||2||9|
|3||Anja Pärson||2001||2011||7||2 *||4 *||13 **|
* including one medal in the Mixed team event
** including two medals in the Mixed team event
The tables for both genders include medals won at the nine Winter Olympics from 1948 through 1980, though these were also World Championships. The mixed team events is not included for both genders, therefore there is special table for these team competitions. Also, there are two cumulative medal tables – the first one includes medals won at the nine Winter Olympics from 1948 through 1980, the second one don't includes these medals. All tables are current through 2019.
Mixed team events
Total (not including 1948–1980 Winter Olympics)
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The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France and the USA. It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.
Franz Klammer is a former champion alpine ski racer from Austria. Klammer overwhelmingly dominated the downhill event for four consecutive World Cup seasons (1975-78). He was the gold medalist at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, winning the downhill at Patscherkofel by a margin of 0.33 seconds with a time of 1:45.73. He won 25 World Cup downhills, including four on the Hahnenkamm at Kitzbühel. He holds the record for the most victories (four) on the full course at Kitzbühel.
Alpine skiing at the 1964 Winter Olympics consisted of six events, held near Innsbruck, Austria, from January 30 to February 8, 1964.
Alpine skiing at the 1960 Winter Olympics consisted of six events, held in the United States at Squaw Valley, California, from February 20–26, 1960. Competitions took place at Squaw Peak, KT-22 and (Little) Papoose Peak.
Alpine Skiing at the 1976 Winter Olympics consisted of six alpine skiing events. Similar to the 1964 games, the men's downhill was held on Patscherkofel, the other five events at Axamer Lizum. The events began on 5 February and ended on 13 February 1976.
Alpine Skiing at the 1980 Winter Olympics consisted of six alpine skiing events. The races were held February 14–23 at Whiteface Mountain in Wilmington, New York, northeast of host Lake Placid.
Alpine skiing at the 1972 Winter Olympics consisted of six events, held February 5–13 near Sapporo, Japan. The downhills were held at Mount Eniwa, and the four technical events at Teine.
At the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo, Norway, the six alpine skiing events were held from Thursday, 14 February, to Wednesday, 20 February. The downhill and giant slalom events were held at Norefjell in Krødsherad, Buskerud, and the slalom events at Rødkleiva in Oslo.
The U.S. Ski Team, operated under the auspices of the United States Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA), develops and supports men's and women's athletes in the sports of alpine skiing, freestyle skiing, cross-country, ski jumping, and Nordic combined. Since 1974 the team and association have been headquartered in Park City, Utah.
Gustav Thöni is a retired alpine ski racer from Italy.
Willi Frommelt is a former Alpine skier from Liechtenstein who won a bronze medal in the slalom at the 1976 Olympics.
Marielle Goitschel is a former French alpine skier. Marielle is the younger sister of Christine Goitschel, another champion skier of the time, and the aunt of speed skier Philippe Goitschel.
Alpine skiing at the 2010 Winter Olympics was held in Canada at Whistler Creekside in Whistler, British Columbia, north of Vancouver. The ten events were scheduled for February 13–27; weather delayed the first event, the men's downhill, two days until Monday, February 15.
Christina "Tina" Weirather is a Liechtensteiner World Cup alpine ski racer. She won a bronze medal in Super-G for Liechtenstein at the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.