Basketball at the Summer Olympics

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Basketball at the Summer Olympics
Basketball pictogram.svg
Governing body FIBA
Events4 (men: 2; women: 2)
Games
  • 1896
  • 1900
  • 1904
  • 1908
  • 1912
  • 1920
Note: demonstration or exhibition sport years indicated in italics

Basketball at the Summer Olympics has been a sport for men consistently since 1936. Prior to its inclusion as a medal sport, basketball was held as a demonstration event in 1904. Women's basketball made its debut in the Summer Olympics in 1976. FIBA organizes both the men's and women's FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournaments and the Summer Olympics basketball tournaments, which are sanctioned by the IOC. [1]

Contents

The United States is by far the most successful country in Olympic basketball, with United States men's teams having won 16 of 19 tournaments in which they participated, including seven consecutive titles from 1936 through 1968. United States women's teams have won 8 titles out of the 10 tournaments in which they competed, including seven in a row from 1996 to 2020. Besides the United States, Argentina is the only nation still in existence who has won either the men's or women's tournament. The Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and the Unified Team are the countries no longer in existence who have won the tournament. The United States are the defending champions in both men's and women's tournaments.

On 9 June 2017, the Executive Board of the International Olympic Committee announced that 3x3 basketball would become an official Olympic sport as of the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan, for both men and women. [2] [3]

History

Basketball was invented by James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1891. Within a few decades, the new game became popular throughout the United States as an indoor sport. The popularity spread overseas and the International Basketball Federation (FIBA) was organized in 1932 in Geneva, Switzerland.

American dominance

Thanks in part to the effort of Phog Allen [4] [5] —a Kansas Jayhawks collegiate coach—the first Olympic basketball tournament was organized in the 1936 Berlin Olympics on outdoor tennis courts. Dr. Naismith presented the medals to the top three teams. According to the Olympic rules of that time, all of the competitors were amateurs. The tournament was held indoors for the first time in 1948. The American team proved its dominance, winning the first seven Olympic tournaments through 1968, without losing a single game. While the Americans were barred from sending a team that contained players from the professional National Basketball Association, they instead sent in college players; teams from some other countries sent in their best players, as some of their players were classified as "amateur" by FIBA, by earning allowances instead of wages.

Munich and after

The U.S. winning streak ended in 1972 in one of the most controversial matches in history, when the Soviet Union beat them in the gold-medal game by one point.

The U.S. team reclaimed the gold medal in 1976, with Yugoslavia, which had beaten the Soviet Union in the semifinal, finishing runner-up for the second time. In 1980, with the Americans' absence due to the boycott, Yugoslavia became the third team to win the title, after beating the Soviets anew in the semifinals and Italy in the final. The Americans regained the title in 1984, by beating Spain in the final, with the Soviets boycotting this time. The Soviets won the gold medal for the second time in 1988, after beating the U.S. team for the second time in the semifinal, and the Yugoslavs in the gold medal game.

Professional era: renewed American dominance

The advent of the state-sponsored "full-time amateur athlete" of the Eastern Bloc countries eroded the ideology of the pure amateur, as it put the self-financed amateurs of the Western countries at a disadvantage. The Soviet Union entered teams of athletes who were all nominally listed in the military, but all of whom were in fact paid by the state to train full-time. [6] [7] [8] In April 1989, through the leadership of Secretary General Borislav Stanković, FIBA approved the rule that allowed NBA players to compete in international tournaments, including the Olympics. In the 1992 Summer Olympics, the U.S. "Dream Team" won the gold medal with an average winning margin of 44 points per game, and without calling a timeout. By this time, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia no longer existed, but their successor states continued to be among the leading forces. Two newly independent countries of the former Yugoslavia and Soviet Union, Croatia and Lithuania, won the silver and bronze medals respectively.

The American team repeated its victory in 1996 and 2000, but its performance was not as dominant as in 1992. Since active NBA players have been allowed to compete in the Summer Olympics, the 1996 Games in Atlanta is the only instance where the Olympic host city also had a home NBA team — the Hawks. Yugoslavia was the runner-up in Atlanta, and France in Sydney, with Lithuania winning bronze again on both occasions.

The renewed dominance of the U.S. was interrupted in 2004, when the Americans barely made it to the semifinal, after losing to Puerto Rico and Lithuania in the preliminaries; Argentina defeated them in the semifinals, on their way to a gold medal finish, where they beat Italy in the final, and became the fourth team to win the Olympic title.

The Americans regrouped in 2008, beating the reigning FIBA world champions, Spain, in an intense gold medal game, with the Argentines beating the Lithuanians in the bronze medal game. The Americans and the Spaniards met again in the 2012 gold medal game, with the U.S. again winning, although with the closest winning margin for the American team. The U.S. won again in 2016, defeating the Serbians in the gold medal game, a rematch of the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup Final, after eliminating the Spaniards, who settled for bronze.

Women

The first women's tournament was staged in the 1976 Summer Olympics. The Soviet Union won five straight games, becoming the inaugural champion. The next two tournaments followed the six-team round-robin format, with the Soviets defending their title in 1980 amid the U.S.-led boycott, and the U.S. winning in 1984, against the South Koreans, amid the Soviet-led boycott. In 1988, the tournament expanded into eight teams, with the Americans beating Yugoslavia in the gold medal game. In 1992, the Unified Team, consisting of the former Soviet republics, defeated China in the gold medal game. In 1996, the tournament settled into its current 12-team format; the U.S. has swept all of the tournaments since then, winning 48 consecutive games.

Venues

All venues were indoor stadiums except for the 1936 tournament which was held outdoors on lawn tennis courts.

Qualifying

As of 2012, the qualifying process consists of three stages:

  1. 1 team (for each gender) qualifies as the reigning world champion.
  2. 7 teams for men and 5 for women qualify through their respective regional championships.
  3. 3 teams for men and 5 for women qualify through a world qualifying tournament, in which the best teams which did not qualify directly from each zone compete for the remaining berths.

Additionally, the teams of the host nation qualify automatically.

ZoneMenWomen
World Cup11
African championship11
Americas championship21
Asian championship11
European championship21
Oceania championship11
World qualifying tournament35
Host Nation11
Total1212

In 2020, the men's tournament will have a new qualification system. After the 2019 FIBA World Cup, seven teams will qualify directly: the top two European and American teams, and the top team from Africa, Asia and Oceania. The next 16 best teams from the FIBA World Cup will join the two teams from each continent at the Olympic qualifiers. It will feature four groups of six teams, where the best team of each group will get the remaining spots at the Olympics. The continental championships will no longer be used for Olympic qualifying.

Men's tournaments

YearHostsGold Medal GameBronze Medal Game
GoldScoreSilverBronzeScoreFourth Place
1936
Details
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg
Berlin
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
19–8Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg
Canada
Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg
Mexico
26–12Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg
Poland
1948
Details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
London
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
65–21Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
52–47Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg
Mexico
1952
Details
Flag of Finland.svg
Helsinki
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
36–25Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
68–59Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
1956
Details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Melbourne
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg
United States
89–55Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
71–62Flag of France.svg
France
1960
Details
Flag of Italy.svg
Rome
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
81–57Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
Brazil
78–75Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
1964
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Tokyo
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
73–59Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
Brazil
76–60Flag of Puerto Rico (1952-1995).svg
Puerto Rico
1968
Details
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico City
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
65–50Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
70–53Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
1972
Details
Flag of Germany.svg
Munich
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
51–50 Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
66–65Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
1976
Details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Montreal
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
95–74Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
100–72Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
1980
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Moscow
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
86–77Olympic flag.svg
Italy [lower-alpha 1]
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
117–94Olympic flag.svg
Spain [lower-alpha 1]
1984
Details
Flag of the United States.svg
Los Angeles
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
96–65Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
88–82Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
1988
Details
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
Seoul
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
76–63Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
78–49Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
1992
Details
Flag of Spain.svg
Barcelona
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
117–85Flag of Croatia.svg
Croatia
Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg
Lithuania
82–78Olympic flag.svg
Unified Team
1996
Details
Flag of the United States.svg
Atlanta
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
95–69Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg
FR Yugoslavia
Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg
Lithuania
80–74Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
2000
Details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Sydney
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
85–75Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg
Lithuania
89–71Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
2004
Details
Flag of Greece.svg
Athens
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
84–69Flag of Italy.svg
Italy
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
104–96Flag of Lithuania (1988-2004).svg
Lithuania
2008
Details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Beijing
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
118–107Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
87–75Flag of Lithuania.svg
Lithuania
2012
Details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
London
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
107–100Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
81–77Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
2016
Details
Flag of Brazil.svg
Rio de Janeiro
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
96–66Flag of Serbia.svg
Serbia
Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
89–88Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
2020 [lower-alpha 2]
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Tokyo
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
87–82Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
107–93Flag of Slovenia.svg
Slovenia
  1. 1 2 Several teams competed under the Olympic Flag during the 1980 Summer Olympics boycott.
  2. The 2020 Summer Olympics were held in 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Performance by confederation

This is a summary of the best performances of each confederation in each tournament.

Confederation 36
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg
48
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
52
Flag of Finland.svg
56
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
60
Flag of Italy.svg
64
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
68
Flag of Mexico.svg
72
Flag of Germany.svg
76
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
80
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
84
Flag of the United States.svg
88
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
92
Flag of Spain.svg
96
Flag of the United States.svg
00
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
04
Flag of Greece.svg
08
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
12
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
16
Flag of Brazil.svg
20
Flag of Japan.svg
FIBA Africa 15th–18th19th9th–16th------15th15th12th11th12th10th10th11th12th12th12th10th11th10th
FIBA Americas 1st1st1st1st1st1st1st2nd1st5th1st3rd1st1st1st1st1st1st1st1st
FIBA Asia 5th8th9th–16th7th11th10th13th13th11th12th10th9th12th8th10th8th8th12th12th11th
FIBA Europe 4th2nd2nd2nd2nd2nd2nd1st2nd1st2nd1st2nd2nd2nd2nd2nd2nd2nd2nd
FIBA Oceania ------12th--9th--9th8th8th7th4th6th4th4th9th7th7th4th3rd
Nations2123231516161616121212121212121212121212

Participating nations

Nation 36
Flag of Germany (1935-1945).svg
48
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
52
Flag of Finland.svg
56
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
60
Flag of Italy.svg
64
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg
68
Flag of Mexico.svg
72
Flag of Germany.svg
76
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
80
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
84
Flag of the United States.svg
88
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
92
Flag of Spain.svg
96
Flag of the United States.svg
00
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
04
Flag of Greece.svg
08
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
12
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
16
Flag of Brazil.svg
20
Flag of Japan.svg
Years
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola A 10th11th12th12th12th5
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 15th4th9th1st3rd4th8th7th8
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 12th9th9th8th8th7th4th6th4th4th9th7th7th4th3rd15
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 19th11th17th3
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 9th3rd6th6th3rd3rd4th7th5th9th5th5th6th5th9th15
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 7th5th16th10th4
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 2nd9th9th9th14th4th4th6th7th9
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic A 10th1
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 9th6th5th8th4
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China A 10th11th12th8th10th8th8th12th12th9
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei B 15th18th11th3
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia C 2nd7th6th5th4
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 13th9th11th3rd7th6th6
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic K 9th1
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 9th7th9th5th8th6th9th A 7
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 15th19th9th16th12th12th12th7
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 9th D 1
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 9th11th2
Flag of France.svg  France 19th2nd8th4th10th11th2nd6th6th2nd10
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany E 15th12th8th7th10th8th6
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 20th9th2
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 17th5th5th5th4
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 16th9th9th13th4
Flag of India.svg  India 12th1
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 14th11th12th3
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 22nd1
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 23rd1
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel A 17th1
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 7th17th17th4th5th8th4th5th2nd5th5th2nd5th13
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 9th10th15th10th14th11th11th7
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea A 8th14th16th14th9th12th6
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 15th D 1
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania D 3rd3rd3rd4th4th8th7th7
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 3rd4th9th12th12th5th10th7
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco A 16th1
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 11th10th2
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 10th11th10th3
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 12th1
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 8th10th15th3
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 5th12th9th7th11th13th13th7
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 4th7th6th6th10th7th6
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico A 13th4th9th6th9th7th8th10th6th9
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 17th1
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia D F 8th9th3rd3
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal A 15th15th11th3
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia G H 2nd1
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro G 11th A 1
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore A 13th I 1
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia C 4th1
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union J 2nd2nd2nd2nd3rd1st3rd3rd1st F A 9
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 14th7th11th4th2nd8th9th9th7th2nd2nd3rd6th13
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 10th1
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 9th21st17th3
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand A 15th1
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 11th1
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 19th17th2
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team A 4th A 1
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1st1st1st1st1st1st1st2nd1st1st3rd1st1st1st3rd1st1st1st1st19
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 6th5th3rd3rd8th8th6th7
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 11th10th2
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 6th7th2nd5th2nd1st3rd2nd2nd6th A 10
Nations2123231516161616121212121212121212121212
Notes
^A NOC was not member of IOC
^B as Flag of the Republic of China.svg China from 1936–56
^C part of Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia from 1936–1988
^D part of Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
^E as Flag of Germany.svg West Germany from 1968–88
^F part of Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team in 1992
^G now Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia, part of Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia in 1936–1988, as Olympic flag.svg  Independent Olympic Participants  (IOP) in 1992 and part of Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  FR Yugoslavia in 1996–2000
^H part of Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro in 2004
^I part of Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia in 1964
^J Soviet Union chose not to compete in 1936 and 1948
^K part of Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia from 1920–92

Women's tournaments

YearHostsGold Medal GameBronze Medal Game
GoldScoreSilverBronzeScoreFourth Place
1976
Details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Montreal
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
112–77Flag of the United States.svg
United States
Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg
Bulgaria
67–66Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
Czechoslovakia
1980
Details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Moscow
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
104–73Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg
Bulgaria
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
68–65Flag of Hungary.svg
Hungary
1984
Details
Flag of the United States.svg
Los Angeles
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
85–55Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
South Korea
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
63–57Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
Canada
1988
Details
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
Seoul
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
77–70Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg
Yugoslavia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
Soviet Union
68–53Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
1992
Details
Flag of Spain.svg
Barcelona
Olympic flag.svg
Unified Team
76–66Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
88–74Flag of Cuba.svg
Cuba
1996
Details
Flag of the United States.svg
Atlanta
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
111–87Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
66–56Flag of Ukraine.svg
Ukraine
2000
Details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Sydney
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
76–54Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
84–73 (OT)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg
South Korea
2004
Details
Flag of Greece.svg
Athens
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
74–63Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
71–62Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
2008
Details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Beijing
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
92–65Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
94–81Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
China
2012
Details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
London
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
86–50Flag of France.svg
France
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Australia
83–74Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
2016
Details
Flag of Brazil.svg
Rio de Janeiro
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
101–72Flag of Spain.svg
Spain
Flag of Serbia.svg
Serbia
70–63Flag of France.svg
France
2020 [lower-alpha 1]
Details
Flag of Japan.svg
Tokyo
Flag of the United States.svg
United States
90–75Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Flag of France.svg
France
91–76Flag of Serbia.svg
Serbia
  1. The 2020 Summer Olympics were held in 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Performance by confederation

This is a summary of the best performances of each confederation in each tournament.

Confederation 76
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
80
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
84
Flag of the United States.svg
88
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
92
Flag of Spain.svg
96
Flag of the United States.svg
00
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
04
Flag of Greece.svg
08
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
12
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
16
Flag of Brazil.svg
20
Flag of Japan.svg
FIBA Africa 12th12th11th12th12th12th11th
FIBA Americas 2nd5th1st1st3rd1st1st1st1st1st1st1st
FIBA Asia 5th2nd6th2nd7th4th9th4th5th8th2nd
FIBA Europe 1st1st6th2nd1st4th5th3rd3rd2nd2nd3rd
FIBA Oceania 5th4th3rd2nd2nd2nd3rd5th8th

Participating nations

Nation 76
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg
80
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg
84
Flag of the United States.svg
88
Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg
92
Flag of Spain.svg
96
Flag of the United States.svg
00
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
04
Flag of Greece.svg
08
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
12
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
16
Flag of Brazil.svg
20
Flag of Japan.svg
Years
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 12th1
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 5th4th3rd2nd2nd2nd3rd5th8th10
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus B C 6th9th2
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 7th1
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 7th2nd3rd4th11th9th11th7
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 3rd2nd5th3
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 6th4th11th10th8th7th9th7
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China A 3rd6th2nd9th9th4th6th10th5th9
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia F 10th1
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 5th4th6th9th4
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic D 5th7th7th3
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 4th8th6th A 2
Flag of France.svg  France 5th2nd4th3rd4
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 11th1
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 7th1
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 4th1
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 6th8th8th3
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 5th7th10th8th2nd5
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia B 9th1
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 12th1
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 11th8th10th3
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 11th11th2
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 8th1
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 12th1
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia B C 5th6th3rd3rd4th5
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 12th12th2
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia F 3rd4th2
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia D 7th1
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 2nd7th10th4th12th8th10th7
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1st1st3rd C A 3
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 5th6th5th2nd6th5
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 5th6th2
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine B C 4th4
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team A 1st A 1
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2nd1st1st3rd1st1st1st1st1st1st1st11
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 3rd6th2nd A 3
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo E 12th1
Nations6668812121212121212

Notes

^A NOC was not member of IOC
^B competed as part of Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union from 1952–88
^C part of Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team in 1992
^D part of Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia from 1920–92
^E as Flag of Zaire (1971-1997).svg Zaire from 1984–96
^F part of "Yugoslavia" from 1976–2000 and "Serbia and Montenegro" in 2004

Medal table

Total

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)252330
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)44412
3Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)1528
4Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)1012
5Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)1001
6Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0415
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)0415
8Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)0336
9Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)0202
10Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)0145
11Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)0112
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)0112
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0112
14Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)0101
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)0101
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)0101
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)0101
18Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)0033
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0033
20Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay  (URU)0022
21Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)0011
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)0011
Totals (22 nations)32323296

Medal table (men)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)161219
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)2439
3Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)1416
4Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)1012
5Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)0314
6Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0303
7Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)0202
8Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)0101
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)0101
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0101
11Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)0033
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)0033
13Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay  (URU)0022
14Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)0011
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)0011
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)0011
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0011
Totals (17 nations)20202060

Medal table (women)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)91111
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)2013
3Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN)1001
4Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)0325
5Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)0112
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)0112
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)0112
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)0112
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)0112
10Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)0101
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)0101
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)0101
13Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0022
14Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0011
Totals (14 nations)12121236

Win-loss records

Men's tournament

TeamGames playedWinsLosses Winning percentage
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 31328.097
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 573324.579
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 1115754.514
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 1367.462
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 1116546.586
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 331617.485
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 663630.545
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic 725.286
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 261214.462
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 50743.140
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 281612.571
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 281612.571
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 452223.489
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 462323.500
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 312.333
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 44638.136
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 312.333
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 1248.333
Flag of France.svg  France 663630.545
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 381127.289
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 13211.154
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 241311.542
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 331419.424
Flag of India.svg  India 707.000
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 15213.133
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 707.000
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 606.000
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 202.000
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 955639.589
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 441133.250
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 47839.170
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 312.333
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 523220.615
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 492623.531
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 909.000
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 12210.167
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 13211.154
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 927.222
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 22913.409
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 522527.481
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 492326.469
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 723438.472
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 202.000
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 201010.500
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 24222.083
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 351916.543
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 725.286
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 642.667
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 746113.824
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 995445.545
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 734.429
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1349.308
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 707.000
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 505.000
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 404.000
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team 853.625
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1491436.960
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 562927.518
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 1239.250
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 604812.800

As of 8 August 2021

Women's tournament

TeamGames PlayedWinsLosses Winning percentage
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 505.000
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 604119.683
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 422.500
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 441925.432
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 1138.273
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 16106.625
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 391128.282
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 522527.481
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 514.200
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 24915.375
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 15312.200
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 19811.421
Flag of France.svg  France 291910.655
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 505.000
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 734.429
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 624.333
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 18315.167
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 311318.419
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 411526.366
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 514.200
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 505.000
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 18414.222
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 918.111
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 734.429
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 303.000
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 392514.641
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 1477.500
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 11011.000
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 734.429
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 16142.875
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 301911.633
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1275.583
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 844.500
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team 541.800
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 75723.960
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 1688.500
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo 707.000

As of 8 August 2021

Records

CategoryMenWomen
Biggest game score229 points: USA 156–73 Nigeria (2012)190 points: Japan 62–128 Brazil (2004)
Lowest game score27 points: USA 19–8 Canada (1936)100 points: Senegal 32–68 Slovakia (2000)
Biggest margin100 points:
Korea 120–20 Iraq (1948)
China 125–25 Iraq (1948)
66 points:
Japan 62–128 Brazil (2004)
Italy 53–119 Soviet Union (1980)
Games with most overtimes2 overtimes:
Argentina 111–107 Brazil (2016)
Canada 86–83 Russia (2000)
Lithuania 83–81 Croatia (1996)
Australia 109–101 Brazil (1996)
2 overtimes:
Turkey 79–76 Brazil (2016)
Spain 92–80 Italy (1992)
Longest winning streak63 games: USA (1936–72)49 games: USA (1992–2016)
All-time top cumulative scorer1,093 points: Oscar Schmidt (Brazil)575 points: Lauren Jackson (Australia)
All-time top average scorer28.8 points per game: Oscar Schmidt (Brazil)22 points per game: Lara Sanders (Turkey)
Single game scorer55 points: Oscar Schmidt (Spain vs. Brazil, 1988)39 points: Evladiya Slavcheva-Stefanova (Bulgaria vs. South Korea, 1988)

As of 1 May 2018.

Top career scorers

The International Olympic Committee does not recognize records for basketball, although FIBA does.

Men

Women

Top scorer per tournament

YearMenPPGWomenPPG
1948 Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg Ignacio Romo Porchas 21.0N/A
1952 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Ivan Mrázek 22.0N/A
1956 Flag of Uruguay.svg Oscar Moglia 26.0N/A
1960 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Radivoj Korać 23.6N/A
1964 Flag of Peru.svg Ricardo Duarte 23.6N/A
1968 Flag of Panama.svg Davis Peralta 23.8N/A
1972 Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Masatomo Taniguchi 23.9N/A
1976 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ed Palubinskas 31.3 Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg Keiko Namai 20.4
1980 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ian Davies 29.3 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Uliana Semanova 21.8
1984 Flag of Egypt (1972-1984).svg Mohamed Sayed Soliman 25.6 Flag of South Korea.svg Kim Hwa-soon 16.8
1988 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg Oscar Schmidt 42.3 Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg Choi Kyung-hee
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Evladiya Slavcheva
19.6
1992 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg Oscar Schmidt 24.8 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg Hortência Marcari 18.8
1996 Flag of Brazil.svg Oscar Schmidt 27.4 Flag of Cuba.svg Yamilé Martínez 20.5
2000 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Andrew Gaze 19.9 Flag of Brazil.svg Janeth Arcain 20.5
2004 Flag of Spain.svg Pau Gasol 22.4 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Lauren Jackson 22.9
2008 Flag of Spain.svg Pau Gasol 19.6 Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Miao Lijie 17.3
2012 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Patty Mills 21.2 Flag of Brazil.svg Érika de Souza 16.2
2016 Flag of Croatia.svg Bojan Bogdanović 25.3 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Elizabeth Cambage 23.5
2020 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Patty Mills 26.8 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Emma Meesseman 27.3

See also

Notes

  1. FIBA.basketball Presentation.
  2. "Tokyo 2020 event programme to see major boost for female participation, youth and urban appeal". International Olympic Committee. 29 April 2021. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. "IOC adds 3-on-3 basketball to 2020 Olympics". NBA.com. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  4. {{cite web }url=http://www.slamonline.com/online/blogs/2008/08/before-they-were-giants/ |title=Before They Were Giants |website=SLAM |date=20 August 2008}}
  5. Basketball Hall of Fame – Phog Allen Archived 30 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. https://www.orlandosentinel.com/news/os-xpm-1986-02-25-0200240197-story.html
  7. https://www.sportingnews.com/us/nba/news/dream-team-roster-history-usa-1992-olympics/4o78v2slilky1inrskk8h6wkb
  8. https://www.usab.com/history/why-can-pros-complete-in-international-events.aspx
  9. The O2 Arena was known as the North Greenwich Arena during the games due to Olympics regulations regarding corporate sponsorship of event sites. Similarly, AccorHotels Arena, and Staples Center will use noncommercial names when they host Olympic basketball.
  10. The O2 Arena was known as the North Greenwich Arena during the games due to Olympics regulations regarding corporate sponsorship of event sites. Similarly, AccorHotels Arena and Staples Center will use noncommercial names when they host Olympic basketball.

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References