|Archery at the Summer Olympics|
|Events||5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)|
Archery had its debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics and has been contested in 16 Olympiads. Eighty-four nations have competed in the Olympic archery events, with France appearing the most often at 31 times. The most noticeable trend has been the excellence of South Korean archers, who have won 27 out of 39 gold medals in events since 1984. It is governed by the World Archery Federation (WA; formerly FITA). Recurve archery is the only discipline of archery featured at the Olympic Games. Archery is also an event at the Summer Paralympics.
Archery events not held
Olympic Games not held
The second Olympic games, Paris 1900, saw the first appearance of archery. Seven disciplines in varying distances were contested. At the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, six archery events were contested, of which three were men's and three were women's competitions. Team archery was introduced, as was women's archery. At the 1908 Summer Olympics, three archery events were held. Archery was not featured at the 1912 Summer Olympics but reappeared in the 1920 Summer Olympics.
Between 1920 and 1972, archery was not contested at the Olympic games. The archery competition featured at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich consisted of a double FITA Round (from 2014 known as a '1440 Round') competition with two events: men's individual and women's individual. This form of archery competition was held until the 1988 Summer Olympics, when team competition was added and the Grand FITA Round format was used. Starting at the 1992 Summer Olympics, the Olympic Round with head-to-head matches was adopted and has been used ever since.
In 1984 at Los Angeles, Neroli Fairhall of New Zealand was the first paraplegic competitor in the Olympic Games.
This table includes archery competitions in 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1920. These four years preceded the modern, standardized archery competition under the rules of the World Archery Federation.They were contested by three nations at most in any given year, and were dominated by home nations in both the number of participants and number of medals won. The nations that competed during that period were France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Great Britain, and the United States. In some events in Antwerp (1920) bronze medals were not awarded as only two nations competed.
|Totals (5 nations)||25||24||16||65|
1972 marked the beginning of the modern archery competition at the Olympic Games. The events began to use standardized forms and many nations competed.
|Totals (23 nations)||45||45||45||135|
This table includes archery competitions in 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1920 in addition to the ones from 1972 on, which are shown above.
|Totals (24 nations)||70||69||61||200|
Qualification spots in archery are allotted to National Olympic Committees rather than to individual athletes. There is no minimum age for an Olympic archer. There are two ways an NOC may earn qualification spots: by team or by individual. For each gender, an NOC that earns a team qualification spot may send three archers to compete in that team event; each archer also competes in the individual competition. NOCs that earn individual qualification spots are limited to a single entry in the individual event.
For each gender, there are 12 team qualification spots: the host nation, the top 8 teams at the World Archery Championships, and the top 3 teams at the Final World Team Qualification Tournament.
In addition to the 36 entries awarded through team qualification, an additional 28 individual qualification spots are available for each gender, bringing the total number of competitors in each individual event to 64.
Qualification for the mixed team event is done through the ranking round at the Olympics.
For 2012, the qualification rules were adjusted slightly. The host nation continued to receive three spots, as did the top eight teams at the World Championship. However, only 8 further individuals qualified through the individual placement at the World Championship. The continental tournaments received unbalanced allocations, with Africa and Oceania receiving only two qualification spots to the other continents' three. The Tripartite Commission retained its three selections. The remaining 13 spots were decided by Final Qualification Tournaments. Three additional team spots (9 individual spots) were allocated through the Final Qualification team event, and the last 4 spots through the Final Qualification individual tournament. If any of the NOCs qualifying through Final Qualification had already earned an individual spot, one more spot as added to the individual Final Qualification quota.
Africa received 3 qualification spots in the continental tournaments, leaving Oceania as the only continent to receive 2 spots rather than 3.
For the 2020 Olympics (which was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic),the five Continental Games were added to the qualification pathway. The winning NOC in the mixed team event at each of the five receives one allocation spot per gender; there is also one quota spot per gender for the individual event winners at the Asian, European, and Pan American Games. The World Championship allocation was reduced to 4 per gender and the Tripartite Commission allocation was reduced to 2 per gender. The European continental tournament received an additional spot (up to 4) at the expense of Oceania (down to 1) and Africa (down to 2). The base allocation for the final individual qualification tournament was reduced to only 1 per gender, though this tournament also reallocates unused quota spots.
From 1988 through 2016, Olympic archery consisted of four medal events: men's individual, women's individual, men's team, and women's team. The mixed team event is being added in 2020. In all five events, the distance from the archer to the target is 70 meters.
In the individual competitions, 64 archers compete. The competition begins with the ranking round. Each archer shoots 72 arrows (in six ends, or groups, of 12 arrows). They are then ranked by score to determine their seeding for the single-elimination bracket. After this, final rankings for each archer are determined by the archer's score in the round in which the archer was defeated, with the archers defeated in the first round being ranked 33rd through 64th.
The first elimination round pits the first ranked archer against the sixty-fourth, the second against the sixty-third, and so on. In this match as well as the second and third, the archers shoot simultaneously 18 arrows in ends of 3 arrows. The archer with the higher score after 18 arrows moves on to the next round while the loser is eliminated.
After three such rounds, there are 8 archers remaining. The remaining three rounds (quarterfinals, semifinals, and medal matches) are referred to as the finals rounds. They consist of each archer shooting 12 arrows, again in ends of 3 arrows. The two archers in the match alternate by arrow instead of shooting their arrows simultaneously as in the first three rounds. The losers of the quarterfinals are eliminated, while the losers of the semifinals play each other to determine the bronze medal and fourth place. The two archers who are undefeated through the semifinals face each other in the gold medal match, in which the winner takes the gold medal while the loser receives the silver medal.
All matches in 2008 were in the previous finals round format, using 12 arrow matches. Archers alternated shooting by arrow.
The individual match system was completely overhauled for the 2012 Olympics, though the single elimination with bronze medal match format was retained. The matches now consisted of sets. Each set comprised both archers shooting three arrows. The archer with the best score in the set received two points; if the set was drawn, each archer received one point. The match would continue until one archer reached six points. If the match was tied after five sets, a single arrow shoot-off was held with the closest arrow to center winning.
The team event uses the results of the same ranking round as the individual competition to determine seeding for the teams. The team's three individual archers' scores are summed to get a team ranking round score. The competition thereafter is a single-elimination bracket, with the top 4 teams receiving a bye into the quarterfinals. The semifinal losers face each other in the bronze medal match. The set format from the individual competition was not used in 2012, but was used beginning in 2016.In team matches prior to 2016, each archer shot 8 arrows, with the best overall team score (for the total of 24 arrows) winning the match. Beginning with 2016, the set format (with each archer shooting two arrows per set for a total of six arrows per team per set) is used.
The mixed team competition uses the results of the ranking round to both qualify and seed teams. Each of the 16 teams that compete consist of one man and one woman.
Early Olympic archery competitions had events that were unique for each of the Games.
|7 events, men only||6 events, men and women||3 events, men and women||not held||10 events, men only|
The following nations have taken part in the Archery competition.
|96||In the table headings, indicates the Games year, from 1896 to 2012|
|3||Number of archers participated in the specified Games|
|Archery not competed in these years|
|Host nation for the specified Games|
|NOC did not compete in Games or was superseded or preceded by other NOC(s) during these years|
|Azerbaijan (AZE)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||1||1|
|Belarus (BLR)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||2||2||2||2||1||1||3||7|
|Central African Republic (CAF)||1||1|
|Chinese Taipei (TPE)||1||2||6||3||6||3||6||6||6||6||6||11|
|Costa Rica (CRC)||2||2||1||3|
|Czech Republic (CZE)||Bohemia||Czechoslovakia||2||1||2|
|Dominican Republic (DOM)||1||1|
|El Salvador (ESA)||1||1||2|
|Estonia (EST)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||1||1||1||1||1||5|
|Georgia (GEO)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||1||3||2||2||1||3||6|
|West Germany (FRG)||Germany||4||3||5||6||Germany||4|
|Great Britain (GBR)||41||6||4||4||6||6||6||3||3||4||6||6||2||6||14|
|Hong Kong (HKG)||6||3||1||1||4|
|Ivory Coast (CIV)||1||1||2|
|Kazakhstan (KAZ)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||6||4||3||1||2||2||3||7|
|North Korea (PRK)||2||3||3||1||2||1||1||7|
|South Korea (KOR)||3||6||6||6||6||6||6||6||6||6||6||11|
|Moldova (MDA)||Russian Empire||ROU||Soviet Union||EUN||1||1||1||2||4|
|New Zealand (NZL)||ANZ||1||3||1||1||1||2||1||7|
|Puerto Rico (PUR)||1||2||1||2||1||5|
|Russia (RUS)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||6||4||5||5||3||3||6|
|San Marino (SMR)||1||1||1||3|
|Saudi Arabia (KSA)||3||2||2|
|Slovenia (SLO)||Austria / Hungary||Yugoslavia||1||3||1||1||1||5|
|Solomon Islands (SOL)||1||1|
|South Africa (RSA)||2||3||2||1||1||1||6|
|Soviet Union (URS)||Russian Empire||6||3||4||6||EUN||4|
|Unified Team (EUN)||URS||Soviet Union||6||1|
|Tajikistan (TJK)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||1||1||2|
|Ukraine (UKR)||Russian Empire||Soviet Union||EUN||6||6||6||5||6||4||3||7|
|United States (USA)||29||1||6||4||6||6||5||6||6||6||5||6||4||6||14|
|Virgin Islands (ISV)||1||1|
|No. of nations||3||1||3||3||27||24||25||35||41||44||41||46||43||49||55||56||49||104|
|No. of archers||153||29||57||30||95||64||67||109||146||135||125||128||128||128||128||128||128|
The Olympic records for archery are for the competition format established in 1992.
|# of arrows||Archer(s)||Score||Games|
|72 (ranking)||Kim Woo-jin (KOR)||700||2016|
|18||Park Kyung-mo (KOR)||173||2004|
|12||Lee Chang-hwan (KOR)||117||2008|
|36 (finals)||Tim Cuddihy (AUS)||340||2004|
|216 (team ranking)|| South Korea (KOR)|
|27 (team)|| South Korea (KOR)|
|54 (team finals)|| United States (USA)|
|# of arrows||Archer(s)||Score||Games|
|72 (ranking)||Park Sung-hyun (KOR)||682||2004|
|18||Yun Mi-jin (KOR)||173||2000|
|12||Park Sung-hyun (KOR)||115||2008|
|36 (finals)||Kim Nam-soon (KOR)||334||2000|
|216 (team ranking)|| South Korea (KOR)|
|27 (team)|| South Korea (KOR)|
|54 (team finals)|| South Korea (KOR)|
|24 (team finals)|| South Korea (KOR)|
Archery at the 2000 Summer Olympics was held at Sydney International Archery Park in Sydney, Australia with ranking rounds on 16 September and regular competition held from 17 to 20 September. One hundred twenty-eight archers from forty-six nations competed in the four gold medal events—individual and team events for men and for women—that were contested at these games.
Archery at the 2004 Summer Olympics was held at Panathinaiko Stadium in Athens, Greece with ranking rounds on 12 August and regular competition held from 15 August to 21 August. One hundred twenty-eight archers from forty-three nations competed in the four gold medal events—individual and team events for men and for women—that were contested at these games.
At the 2008 Summer Olympics, the Archery competitions were held between 9 August and 15 August, at the Olympic Green Archery Field, a temporary venue on the Olympic Green, Beijing's Olympic Park.
The men's team archery event at the 2008 Summer Olympics was part of the archery programme and took place at the Olympic Green Archery Field. Ranking Round was scheduled for August 9 and elimination rounds and Finals took place on August 11. All archery is done at a range of 70 metres, with targets 1.22 metres in diameter.
The archery events at the 2012 Olympic Games in London were held over an eight-day period from 27 July to 3 August. Four events took place, all being staged at Lord's Cricket Ground in front of temporary stands built to accommodate up to 6,500 spectators.
There were 128 qualifying places available for archery at the 2012 Summer Olympics: 64 for men and 64 for women.
The women's individual archery event at the 2012 Olympic Games was held from 27 July to 2 August 2012 at Lord's Cricket Ground in London in the United Kingdom. The event was one of four which comprised the 2012 Olympic archery programme of sports and was the eleventh time the women's individual competition was contested as an Olympic event. Forty different nations qualified for the competition, sending a total of sixty-four archers to compete. The defending Olympic champion from 2008 was Zhang Juanjuan of China, who did not compete following her retirement in 2010.
The archery events at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo took place in Yumenoshima Park. Five events were planned with a mixed team event staged for the first time.
There were 128 qualifying places available for archery at the 2016 Summer Olympics: 64 for men and 64 for women.
The women's individual archery event at the 2016 Summer Olympics was held from 5 to 13 August at the Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. One of four archery events as part of the 2016 Olympic catalogue of sports, it was the fourteenth time a women's individual competition was contested as a discipline at the Olympic Games. Forty different nations qualified for the event, sending a total of sixty-four archers to compete. The defending Olympic champion was Ki Bo-bae of South Korea.
Archery at the 2016 Summer Paralympics was held between 10 and 17 September 2016 at the Sambadrome Marquês de Sapucaí in the Maracana zone of Rio de Janeiro, and consisted of nine events. The make up of those events changed substantially from the 2012 games, and consisted of three men's events, three women's events and three events for mixed gender teams. Men, women and mixed teams each competed in two events for compound bow, one for wheelchair athletes, the other open, and an open event for recurve bow, the bow used for all Olympic events.
There are 128 qualifying places available for archery at the 2020 Summer Olympics: 64 for men and 64 for women. The qualification standards were released by World Archery in March 2018. The 2020 Olympics was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The men's individual archery event was one of 5 archery events at the 2020 Summer Olympics. It is being held at Yumenoshima Park. There were 64 competitors from 40 nations, with nations having either 1 or 3 archers.
The women's individual archery event is one of 5 archery events held at the 2020 Summer Olympics. It is being held at Yumenoshima Park. There are 64 competitors from 40 nations, with each nation having either 1 or 3 archers.
The men's team archery event is one of 5 archery events scheduled to take place at the 2020 Summer Olympics. It was held at Yumenoshima Park, with the ranking round taking place on 23 July and match play on 26 July.
The mixed team archery event is one of 5 archery events scheduled to take place at the 2020 Summer Olympics. It is held at Yumenoshima Park, with the ranking rounds taking place on 24 July and match play on 24 July. There are 16 teams competing in the knockout rounds, with the qualifying teams determined by the ranking rounds in which 29 different nations have at least one archer in each of the men's and women's divisions.
The women's team archery event is one of 5 archery events scheduled to take place at the 2020 Summer Olympics. It is planned to be held at Yumenoshima Park, with the ranking round taking place on 23 July and match play on 25 July.
The girls' individual archery event at the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics was held from 12 to 16 October 2018 at the Parque Sarmiento in Buenos Aires, Argentina. One of three recurve archery events which comprised the archery programme, it was the third time the girls' individual discipline had been contested at Summer Youth Olympics. Thirty-two archers from thirty-two countries entered the competition, which was open to female archers born between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2003. The defending champion was China's Li Jiaman, who was unable to defend her title due to the age limitations imposed on the event.
The women's individual recurve competition at the 2019 European Games was held from 21 to 26 June 2019 at the Olympic Sports Complex in Minsk, Belarus. It was the second time the event was held as part of the European Games archery programme. A total of 48 archers from 32 different nations entered the competition, with a maximum of three entries per country. The event offered one qualifying spot for the women's individual event at the 2020 Summer Olympics for any archer reaching the semi-finals from a nation that had not already qualified. The defending champion, Karina Winter of Germany, did not take part following her retirement from the sport.
The women's individual recurve archery event at the 2019 Pan American Games was held from 7 August to 11 August at the Villa María del Triunfo sports complex in Lima, Peru. One of eight archery events as part of the 2019 Pan American catalogue of sports, it was the eleventh time the women's individual recurve competition had been contested at the Games. Thirty-two archers from fourteen nations qualified for the event.