Archery at the Summer Olympics

Last updated
Archery at the Summer Olympics
Archery pictogram.svg
Governing body WA
Events5 (men: 2; women: 2; mixed: 1)
Games
  • 1924
  • 1928
  • 1932
  • 1936
  • 1948
  • 1952

Archery had its debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics and has been contested in 16 Olympiads. Eighty-four nations have competed in the Olympic archery events, with France appearing the most often at 31 times. The most noticeable trend has been the excellence of South Korean archers, who have won 27 out of 39 gold medals in events since 1984. It is governed by the World Archery Federation (WA; formerly FITA). Recurve archery is the only discipline of archery featured at the Olympic Games. Archery is also an event at the Summer Paralympics.

Contents

Summary

Key

  Archery events not held
  Olympic Games not held

GamesYearEventsBest Nation
1
2 1900 7Flag of France.svg  France
3 1904 6US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
4 1908 3Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
5
6
7 1920 10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20 1972 2Flag of the United States.svg  United States
GamesYearEventsBest Nation
21 1976 2Flag of the United States.svg  United States
22 1980 2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
23 1984 2Flag of the United States.svg  United States
24 1988 4Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea
25 1992 4Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea
26 1996 4Flag of South Korea (1984-1997).svg  South Korea
27 2000 4Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
28 2004 4Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
29 2008 4Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea
30 2012 4Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
31 2016 4Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea
32 2020 5Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea

History

The second Olympic games, Paris 1900, saw the first appearance of archery. Seven disciplines in varying distances were contested. At the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, six archery events were contested, of which three were men's and three were women's competitions. Team archery was introduced, as was women's archery. At the 1908 Summer Olympics, three archery events were held. Archery was not featured at the 1912 Summer Olympics but reappeared in the 1920 Summer Olympics.

Between 1920 and 1972, archery was not contested at the Olympic games. The archery competition featured at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich consisted of a double FITA Round (from 2014 known as a '1440 Round') competition with two events: men's individual and women's individual. This form of archery competition was held until the 1988 Summer Olympics, when team competition was added and the Grand FITA Round format was used. Starting at the 1992 Summer Olympics, the Olympic Round with head-to-head matches was adopted and has been used ever since.

In 1984 at Los Angeles, Neroli Fairhall of New Zealand was the first paraplegic competitor in the Olympic Games. [1]

Medal tables

1900–1920

This table includes archery competitions in 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1920. These four years preceded the modern, standardized archery competition under the rules of the World Archery Federation. [2] They were contested by three nations at most in any given year, and were dominated by home nations in both the number of participants and number of medals won. The nations that competed during that period were France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Great Britain, and the United States. In some events in Antwerp (1920) bronze medals were not awarded as only two nations competed. [3] [4]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 116320
2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 66618
3Flag of France.svg  France 510621
4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 2215
5Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1001
Totals (5 nations)25241665

From 1972

1972 marked the beginning of the modern archery competition at the Olympic Games. The events began to use standardized forms and many nations competed. [2]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 279743
2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 85316
3Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2349
4Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1629
5Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1337
6Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 1124
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 1124
8Flag of France.svg  France 1113
9Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 1023
10Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1001
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1001
12Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0347
13Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 0224
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0224
15Russian Olympic Committee flag.svg  ROC 0202
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 0202
17Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 0123
18Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 0112
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 0112
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 0112
21Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 0101
22Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 0044
23Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team 0022
Totals (23 nations)454545135

All years

This table includes archery competitions in 1900, 1904, 1908, and 1920 in addition to the ones from 1972 on, which are shown above.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 279743
2Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1411934
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 116320
4Flag of France.svg  France 611724
5Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2349
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 2259
7Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1629
8Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 1337
9Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 1124
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 1124
11Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 1113
12Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 1023
13Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1001
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1001
15Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 0347
16Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 0224
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 0224
18Russian Olympic Committee flag.svg  ROC 0202
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 0202
20Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 0123
21Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 0112
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 0112
23Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 0101
24Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team 0022
Totals (24 nations)706961200

Qualification

Qualification spots in archery are allotted to National Olympic Committees rather than to individual athletes. There is no minimum age for an Olympic archer. There are two ways an NOC may earn qualification spots: by team or by individual. For each gender, an NOC that earns a team qualification spot may send three archers to compete in that team event; each archer also competes in the individual competition. NOCs that earn individual qualification spots are limited to a single entry in the individual event.

For each gender, there are 12 team qualification spots: the host nation, the top 8 teams at the World Archery Championships, and the top 3 teams at the Final World Team Qualification Tournament. [5]

In addition to the 36 entries awarded through team qualification, an additional 28 individual qualification spots are available for each gender, bringing the total number of competitors in each individual event to 64.

Qualification for the mixed team event is done through the ranking round at the Olympics.

2012

For 2012, the qualification rules were adjusted slightly. The host nation continued to receive three spots, as did the top eight teams at the World Championship. However, only 8 further individuals qualified through the individual placement at the World Championship. The continental tournaments received unbalanced allocations, with Africa and Oceania receiving only two qualification spots to the other continents' three. The Tripartite Commission retained its three selections. The remaining 13 spots were decided by Final Qualification Tournaments. Three additional team spots (9 individual spots) were allocated through the Final Qualification team event, and the last 4 spots through the Final Qualification individual tournament. If any of the NOCs qualifying through Final Qualification had already earned an individual spot, one more spot as added to the individual Final Qualification quota. [6]

2016

Africa received 3 qualification spots in the continental tournaments, leaving Oceania as the only continent to receive 2 spots rather than 3.

2020

For the 2020 Olympics (which was postponed to 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic), [7] the five Continental Games were added to the qualification pathway. The winning NOC in the mixed team event at each of the five receives one allocation spot per gender; there is also one quota spot per gender for the individual event winners at the Asian, European, and Pan American Games. The World Championship allocation was reduced to 4 per gender and the Tripartite Commission allocation was reduced to 2 per gender. The European continental tournament received an additional spot (up to 4) at the expense of Oceania (down to 1) and Africa (down to 2). The base allocation for the final individual qualification tournament was reduced to only 1 per gender, though this tournament also reallocates unused quota spots.

Competition

From 1988 through 2016, Olympic archery consisted of four medal events: men's individual, women's individual, men's team, and women's team. The mixed team event is being added in 2020. In all five events, the distance from the archer to the target is 70 meters.

Individual

In the individual competitions, 64 archers compete. The competition begins with the ranking round. Each archer shoots 72 arrows (in six ends, or groups, of 12 arrows). They are then ranked by score to determine their seeding for the single-elimination bracket. After this, final rankings for each archer are determined by the archer's score in the round in which the archer was defeated, with the archers defeated in the first round being ranked 33rd through 64th.

Pre-2008

The first elimination round pits the first ranked archer against the sixty-fourth, the second against the sixty-third, and so on. In this match as well as the second and third, the archers shoot simultaneously 18 arrows in ends of 3 arrows. The archer with the higher score after 18 arrows moves on to the next round while the loser is eliminated.

After three such rounds, there are 8 archers remaining. The remaining three rounds (quarterfinals, semifinals, and medal matches) are referred to as the finals rounds. They consist of each archer shooting 12 arrows, again in ends of 3 arrows. The two archers in the match alternate by arrow instead of shooting their arrows simultaneously as in the first three rounds. The losers of the quarterfinals are eliminated, while the losers of the semifinals play each other to determine the bronze medal and fourth place. The two archers who are undefeated through the semifinals face each other in the gold medal match, in which the winner takes the gold medal while the loser receives the silver medal.

2008 changes

All matches in 2008 were in the previous finals round format, using 12 arrow matches. Archers alternated shooting by arrow.

2012 changes

The individual match system was completely overhauled for the 2012 Olympics, though the single elimination with bronze medal match format was retained. The matches now consisted of sets. Each set comprised both archers shooting three arrows. The archer with the best score in the set received two points; if the set was drawn, each archer received one point. The match would continue until one archer reached six points. If the match was tied after five sets, a single arrow shoot-off was held with the closest arrow to center winning. [8]

Team

The team event uses the results of the same ranking round as the individual competition to determine seeding for the teams. The team's three individual archers' scores are summed to get a team ranking round score. The competition thereafter is a single-elimination bracket, with the top 4 teams receiving a bye into the quarterfinals. The semifinal losers face each other in the bronze medal match. The set format from the individual competition was not used in 2012, but was used beginning in 2016. [9] In team matches prior to 2016, each archer shot 8 arrows, with the best overall team score (for the total of 24 arrows) winning the match. Beginning with 2016, the set format (with each archer shooting two arrows per set for a total of six arrows per team per set) is used.

Mixed team

The mixed team competition uses the results of the ranking round to both qualify and seed teams. Each of the 16 teams that compete consist of one man and one woman.

Events

Early Games

Early Olympic archery competitions had events that were unique for each of the Games.

1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
7 events, men only6 events, men and women3 events, men and womennot held10 events, men only
 

Modern Games

Current program
Event 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Men's individual X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Men's team X X X X X X X X X 9
Women's individual X X X X X X X X X X X X X 13
Women's team X X X X X X X X X 9
Mixed team X 1
Events222244444444545

Participating nations

The following nations have taken part in the Archery competition.

96 In the table headings, indicates the Games year, from 1896 to 2012
3Number of archers participated in the specified Games
Archery not competed in these years
Host nation for the specified Games
 NOC did not compete in Games or was superseded or preceded by other NOC(s) during these years
Event 00 04 08 20 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)21
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS) ANZ 343233566524413
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)11114
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan  (AZE) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 11
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh  (BAN)1123
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus  (BLR) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 22221137
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)1814322531111112
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan  (BHU)636222211110
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)212211628
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)2111116
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)64343312422212
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic  (CAF)11
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad  (CHA)11
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)11114
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)666665666610
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)1263636666611
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia  (COL)1132426
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)2213
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB)411115
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus  (CYP)112
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE) Bohemia Czechoslovakia 212
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia  (TCH)312
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)4133112319
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)11
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador  (ECU)11
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt  (EGY)1422226
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador  (ESA)112
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST) Russian Empire Soviet Union 111115
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji  (FIJ)1113
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)32456333112112
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)12915852266456543415
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia  (GEO) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 1322136
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)634422248
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG) Germany 4356Germany4
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)41644666334662614
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)162115
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam  (GUM)11
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong  (HKG)63114
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)24324
Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)332646448
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia  (INA)12244312214412
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)22114
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq  (IRQ)11
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)1323116
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)11
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)343334664666413
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast  (CIV)112
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)44566556564611
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan  (JOR)11
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 64312237
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)2113
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)23312117
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)3666666666611
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos  (LAO)11
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya  (LBA)11
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg  (LUX)213111118
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi  (MAW)112
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia  (MAS)134325
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta  (MLT)2113
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius  (MRI)1113
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico  (MEX)6244323464411
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova  (MDA) Russian Empire ROU Soviet Union EUN 11124
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco  (MON)112
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia  (MGL)3443112128
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco  (MAR)11
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar  (MYA)111115
Flag of Nepal.svg  Nepal  (NEP)11
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)68223623313412
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL) ANZ 13111217
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)411114118
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines  (PHI)3211126
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)44336454621212
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)1311116
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)121215
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar  (QAT)11
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)4123
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 6455336
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa  (SAM)112
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino  (SMR)1113
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia  (KSA)322
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK) Hungary Czechoslovakia 212
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO) Austria / Hungary Yugoslavia 131115
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands  (SOL)11
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)2321116
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS) Russian Empire 6346 EUN 4
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team  (EUN) URS Soviet Union 61
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)22444112124212
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)543563663111113
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)4432126
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan  (TJK) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 112
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand  (THA)32114
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga  (TGA)122
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia  (TUN)21
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)266464212210
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda  (UGA)11
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR) Russian Empire Soviet Union EUN 66656437
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)29164665666564614
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu  (VAN)11
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela  (VEN)1223
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam  (VIE)21
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  Virgin Islands  (ISV)11
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia  (YUG)112
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe  (ZIM)1413
No. of nations313327242535414441464349555649104
No. of archers153295730956467109146135125128128128128128128
Year 00 04 08 20 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 16 20 Years

Records

The Olympic records for archery are for the competition format established in 1992.

Men's

# of arrowsArcher(s)ScoreGames
72 (ranking)Flag of South Korea.svg  Kim Woo-jin  (KOR)700 2016
18Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  Park Kyung-mo  (KOR)173 2004
12Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  Lee Chang-hwan  (KOR)117 2008
36 (finals)Flag of Australia.svg  Tim Cuddihy  (AUS)340 2004
216 (team ranking)Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)
Im Dong-hyun
Kim Bub-min
Oh Jin-hyek
2087 2012
27 (team)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea  (KOR)
Jang Yong-ho
Oh Kyo-moon
Kim Chung-tae
258 2000
54 (team finals)Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Justin Huish
Butch Johnson
Rod White
502 1996

Women's

# of arrowsArcher(s)ScoreGames
72 (ranking)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  Park Sung-hyun  (KOR)682 2004
18Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  Yun Mi-jin  (KOR)173 2000
2004
12Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  Park Sung-hyun  (KOR)115 2008
36 (finals)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  Kim Nam-soon  (KOR)334 2000
216 (team ranking)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea  (KOR)
Park Sung-hyun
Lee Sung-jin
Yun Mi-jin
2030 2004
27 (team)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea  (KOR)
Kim Soo-nyung
Kim Nam-soon
Yun Mi-jin
252 2000
54 (team finals)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea  (KOR)
Kim Soo-nyung
Kim Nam-soon
Yun Mi-jin
502 2000
24 (team finals)Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea  (KOR)
Park Sung-hyun
Joo Hyun-jung
Yun Ok-hee
231 2008

See also

Related Research Articles

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