1952 Summer Olympics

Last updated

Games of the XV Olympiad
1952 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Emblem of the 1952 Summer Olympics
Host city Helsinki, Finland
Nations69
Athletes4,955 (4,436 men, 519 women)
Events149 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening19 July
Closing3 August
Opened by
Cauldron
Stadium Helsingin Olympiastadion
Summer
London 1948 Melbourne 1956
Winter
Oslo 1952 Cortina 1956

The 1952 Summer Olympics (Finnish : Kesäolympialaiset 1952; Swedish : Olympiska sommarspelen 1952), officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 19 July to 3 August 1952 in Helsinki, Finland.

Contents

After Japan declared in 1938 that it would be unable to host 1940 Olympics in Tokyo due to the ongoing Second Sino-Japanese War, Helsinki had been selected to host the 1940 Summer Olympics, which were then cancelled due to World War II. Tokyo eventually hosted the games in 1964 and Helsinki in 1952. Helsinki is the northernmost city at which a summer Olympic Games have been held. These were the first games to be held in a non-Indo-European language speaking country. They were also the Olympic Games at which the most world records were broken until they were surpassed by the 2008 Summer Games in Beijing. [2] The Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Israel, Thailand, and Saarland made their Olympic debuts at the 1952 Games. The United States won the most gold and overall medals.

Tapio Wirkkala: Stamp for the Helsinki Olympics, 1952. Wirkkala 1952.jpg
Tapio Wirkkala: Stamp for the Helsinki Olympics, 1952.

Host city selection

Helsinki was chosen as the host city over bids from Amsterdam, Minneapolis, Los Angeles, Detroit, Chicago, and Philadelphia at the 40th IOC Session on June 21, 1947, in Stockholm, Sweden. Minneapolis and Los Angeles finished tied for second in the final voting.

The voting results in chart below: [3]

1952 Summer Olympics bidding results [4]
CityCountryRound 1Round 2
Helsinki Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 1415
Minneapolis Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 45
Los Angeles Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 45
Amsterdam Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 33
Detroit Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 2
Chicago Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 1
Philadelphia Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States 0

Highlights

Paavo Nurmi and the Olympic Flame Olympiatuli 1952.jpg
Paavo Nurmi and the Olympic Flame

Sports

Finnish postage stamp featuring the Helsinki Olympic Stadium Olympia-1952.jpg
Finnish postage stamp featuring the Helsinki Olympic Stadium

The 1952 Summer Olympics featured 17 different sports encompassing 23 disciplines, and medals were awarded in 149 events. In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Demonstration sports

Venues

With an annual average temperature of 5.9 °C (42.6 °F), Helsinki is one of the coldest cities to have hosted the Summer Olympics. [13]

Participating National Olympic Committees

Participating nations. Pictured in blue are nations participating for the first time. Yellow dot: Helsinki 1952 Summer Olympic games countries.png
Participating nations. Pictured in blue are nations participating for the first time. Yellow dot: Helsinki
Number of athletes per country 1952 Summer olympics team numbers.gif
Number of athletes per country

A total of 69 nations participated in these Games, up from 59 in the 1948 Games. Thirteen nations made their first Olympic appearance in 1952: The Bahamas, the People's Republic of China, Gold Coast (now Ghana), Guatemala, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Israel, Netherlands Antilles, Nigeria, Soviet Union (USSR), Thailand, and Vietnam.

Japan and Germany were both reinstated and permitted to send athletes after being banned for 1948 for their instigation of World War II. Due to the division of Germany, German athletes from Saar entered a separate team for the only time. Only West Germany would provide athletes for the actual German team, since East Germany refused to participate in a joint German team.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1952 Games. [14]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 40191776
2Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union 22301971
3Flag of Hungary (1949-1956).svg  Hungary 16101642
4Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 12131035
5Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 89421
6Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 73313
7Flag of France.svg  France 66618
8Flag of Finland.svg  Finland*631322
9Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 62311
10Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 3205
Totals (10 nations)1269791314

50th anniversary coin

The 50th anniversary of the Helsinki Olympic Games was the main motif for one of the first Finnish euro silver commemorative coins, the €10 silver coin minted in 2002. The reverse depicts part of the Helsinki Olympic Stadium, as well as a section of the 1952 500 markka coin. The obverse has lettering SUOMI FINLAND 10 EURO, a flame, and Finland is the only country highlighted on Earth.

See also

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Soviet Union national football team Former mens national association football team representing the Soviet Union

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Football at the 1952 Summer Olympics

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China at the Olympics Participation of athletes from the Peoples Republic of China in the Olympic Games

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References

Notes

    Citations

    1. 1 2 "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. September 13, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 14, 2016. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
    2. Bascomb, Neal (2005). The Perfect Mile: Three Athletes, One Goal, and Less Than Four Minutes to Achieve It . Mariner Books. ISBN   9780618562091.
    3. "International Olympic Committee Vote History". September 9, 2013. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
    4. "Past Olympic Host City Election Results". Games Bids. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
    5. Mulvenney, Nick (August 7, 2008). "Chen Chengda, China's almost Olympian". Reuters. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
    6. "On This Day: 1952: 20 July: Zatopek wins gold at Helsinki". BBC News. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
    7. https://www.nytimes.com/1974/07/21/archives/soviet-amateur-athlete-a-real-pro-dr-john-nelson-washburn-is-an.html
    8. https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1986-07-22-sp-30740-story.html
    9. "The Role of Sports in The Soviet Union – Guided History". blogs.bu.edu.
    10. "Info" (PDF). www.cia.gov.
    11. "USSR – Yugoslavia, the Story of Two Different Football Conceptions". russianfootballnews.com. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
    12. 1952 Summer Olympics official report. p. 91. – accessed 1 August 2010.[ dead link ]
    13. Marc Sollinger (February 6, 2014). "The 9 weirdest cities that have hosted the Olympics (and why!)". www.marketplace.org.
    14. Byron, Lee; Cox, Amanda; Ericson, Matthew (August 4, 2008). "A Map of Olympic Medals". The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2015.
    Preceded by
    London
    Summer Olympic Games
    Helsinki

    XV Olympiad (1952)
    Succeeded by
    Melbourne/Stockholm