at the Games of the XV Olympiad
|Venue||Helsinki Swimming Stadium|
|Dates||26 July – 2 August|
|No. of events||11|
|Competitors||319 from 48 nations|
| Swimming at the|
1952 Summer Olympics
At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, a total number of eleven swimming events were contested, six for men and five for women. The events were held at the Swimming Stadium. There was a total of 319 participants from 48 countries competing.
|1||United States (USA)||4||2||3||9|
|South Africa (RSA)||1||0||0||1|
|Great Britain (GBR)||0||0||1||1|
|New Zealand (NZL)||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (12 nations)||11||11||11||33|
|100 m freestyle|| Clarke Scholes |
|57.4|| Hiroshi Suzuki |
|57.4|| Göran Larsson |
|400 m freestyle|| Jean Boiteux |
| Ford Konno |
|4:31.3|| Per-Olof Östrand |
|1500 m freestyle|| Ford Konno |
| Shiro Hashizume |
|18:41.4|| Tetsuo Okamoto |
|100 m backstroke|| Yoshi Oyakawa |
| Gilbert Bozon |
|1:06.2|| Jack Taylor |
|200 m breaststroke|| John Davies |
| Bowen Stassforth |
|2:34.7|| Herbert Klein |
|4 × 200 m freestyle relay|| United States (USA)|
| Japan (JPN)|
|8:33.5|| France (FRA)|
|100 m freestyle|| Katalin Szöke |
|1:06.3|| Hannie Termeulen |
|1:06.5|| Judit Temes |
|400 m freestyle|| Valéria Gyenge |
| Éva Novák |
|5:13.7|| Evelyn Kawamoto |
|100 m backstroke|| Joan Harrison |
|1:14.3|| Geertje Wielema |
|1:14.5|| Jean Stewart |
|200 m breaststroke|| Éva Székely |
| Éva Novák |
|2:54.4|| Helen Gordon |
|4 × 100 m freestyle relay|| Hungary (HUN)|
| Netherlands (NED)|
Koosje van Voorn
|4:29.0|| United States (USA)|
319 swimmers from 48 nations competed.
The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 19 July to 3 August 1952 in Helsinki, Finland.
Luxembourg competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, from 13 to 29 August 2004. The nation has competed at every Olympic games for a century, except the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.
Australia competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. 81 competitors, 71 men and 10 women, took part in 67 events in 12 sports. Australian athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games. As the country hosted the next Olympics in Melbourne, an Australian segment was performed at the closing ceremony.
Venezuela competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics held in Helsinki, Finland. The Venezuelan Olympic Committee selected 38 competitors, 36 men and two women, to take part in 37 events across eight sports. This was a much greater turnout than 1948, Venezuela's only previous entry, which had only one athlete. For the first time, women represented Venezuela at the Summer Olympics. Women have been absent in the Venezuelan team on four occasions, including the next Summer Games held in Melbourne.
With the competitions in shooting at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the Olympic shooting program began its expansion. Three new events were added: 100 metre running deer, 50 metre rifle three positions and trap. In total there were seven events held between 25 and 29 July 1952. No women participated in the 1952 shooting events. This was the first year that a new format was introduced as well: the sights on the guns were now located on the left side of the barrel.
At the 1952 Summer Olympics, 16 wrestling events were contested, for all men. There were eight weight classes in Greco-Roman wrestling and eight classes in freestyle wrestling. The events were held at Messuhalli.
Greece competed with 48 athletes at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. 48 competitors, all men, took part in 24 events in 7 sports. Greek athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games.
Rowing at the 1952 Summer Olympics featured seven events, for men only. The competitions were held from 20 to 23 July.
At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, two events in modern pentathlon were contested. For the first time, a team event was part of the Olympic program.
The men's 100 metre freestyle event at the 1952 Summer Olympics took place between 26 and 27 July at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium. There were 61 competitors from 33 nations. Nations had been limited to three swimmers each since the 1924 Games. The event was won by Clarke Scholes of the United States, the nation's second consecutive and seventh overall victory in the men's 100 metre freestyle. Japan, absent from the 1948 Games after World War II, returned to the podium in the event with Hiroshi Suzuki's silver. Göran Larsson earned Sweden's first medal in the event since 1908 with his bronze.
Wayne Richard Moore was an American competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder.
Evelyn Tokue Kawamoto, also known by her married name Evelyn Konno, was an American competition swimmer and two-time Olympic medalist.
The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1952 Summer Olympics, took place on 26–29 July, at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the sixth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 33 competitors from 19 nations participated in the event.
The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1956 Summer Olympics, took place on November 29–30, at the Swimming and Diving Stadium. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the seventh appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 14 competitors from 10 nations participated in the event. This was a decrease from the 1952 Summer Olympics, because the breaststroke event was split into the 200m orthodox breaststroke and the 100m butterfly event.
The Star was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1952 Summer Olympics program in Harmaja. Seven races were scheduled. 42 sailors, on 21 boats, from 21 nations competed.
For the 1952 Summer Olympics, a total of twenty-four sports venues were used. Three of the venues were constructed for the 1940 Summer Olympics, but were postponed in the wake of World War II. Those venues were completed in time for the 1952 Games. The main stadium served as host to the World Athletics Championships in 1983 and in 2005. Two venues were purchased by the city of Helsinki after the Olympics, one changed from an exhibition center to a sports arena, and another changed from a sports arena to an art museum. With an annual average temperature of 5.9 °C, Helsinki is the coldest city to host the Summer Olympics.
Frank Martin Dooley is an American former competition swimmer who represented the United States at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. Dooley swam for the gold medal-winning U.S. team in the qualifying heats of the men's 4×200-meter freestyle relay. He did not receive a medal, however, because under the Olympic swimming rules in effect in 1952, only relay swimmers who competed in the event final were medal-eligible.
Donald Alexander Sheff is an American former competition swimmer who represented the United States at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. He competed for the gold medal-winning U.S. team in the preliminary heats of the men's 4×200-meter freestyle relay. Sheff did not receive a medal, however, because under the 1952 Olympic swimming rules, relay swimmers who did not compete in the event final were not medal-eligible.
Marie-Madeleine Cécile Moreau was a French diver. She competed in the 1948 Summer Olympics and won a silver medal for France at the 1952 Summer Olympics, making her the first, and as of 2018, only French medallist in diving.
The men's rings competition at the 1952 Summer Olympics was held at Töölö Sports Hall, Exhibition Hall I from 19 to 21 July. It was the eighth appearance of the event. There were 185 competitors from 29 nations, with each nation sending up to 8 gymnasts. The Soviet Union, in its debut in the event, won a medal of every color but did not quite sweep the medals as there was a tie for third. Hrant Shahinyan was the winner, Viktor Chukarin took silver, and Dmytro Leonkin shared bronze with Hans Eugster of Switzerland.