Swimming at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Last updated

Swimming
at the Games of the XXXI Olympiad
Swimming, Rio 2016.png Swimming (Marathon), Rio 2016.png
Pictograms for Swimming (left) and Marathon Swimming (right)
Venue Olympic Aquatics Stadium (pool)
Fort Copacabana (open water)
Dates6–13 August 2016
15–16 August (Marathon)
No. of events34
Competitors955 from 174 nations
  2012
2020  

The swimming competitions at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro took place from 6 to 13 August at the Olympic Aquatics Stadium. The women's open-water marathon was held on August 15, and the men's open water race on August 16 in Fort Copacabana. [1]

Contents

Open water quality

The location for open-water events was a source of concern for athletes since scientists have found microbes in the waters off of Fort Copacabana and drug-resistant super bacteria off the beaches of Rio de Janeiro in 2014 and 2016 studies due to the daily dumping of hospital waste and household raw sewage into the rivers and ocean. Ten percent of the Copacabana water test samples contained drug-resistant super bacteria. [2] [3] However, during the races the water quality was good. [4] [5]

Events

Interior view of the Olympic Aquatics Stadium, the temporary venue used for swimming at the 2016 Summer Olympics. Estadio Aquatico Olimpico 2016.jpg
Interior view of the Olympic Aquatics Stadium, the temporary venue used for swimming at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Similar to the program's format in 2012, swimming features a total of 34 events (17 each for men and women), including two 10 km open-water marathons. The following events were contested (all pool events are long course, and distances are in metres unless stated):

Schedule

Similar to previous Olympics since 2000, with the exception of 2008, the swimming program schedule would occur in two segments. For the pool events, prelims are held in the afternoon, followed by the semifinals and final in the evening and (due to an NBC request) night session (due to the substantial fees NBC has paid for rights to the Olympics, the IOC has allowed NBC to have influence on event scheduling to maximize U.S. television ratings when possible; NBC agreed to a $7.75 billion contract extension on May 7, 2014, to air the Olympics through the 2032 games, [6] is also one of the major sources of revenue for the IOC). [7] [8] The dates in the table are for August.

Legend
HHeats½SemifinalsFFinal

A = Afternoon session, starting at 13:00 local time (16:00 UTC).
N = Night session, starting at 22:00 local time (01:00 UTC the next day).

Men [9]
Date →Aug 6Aug 7Aug 8Aug 9Aug 10Aug 11Aug 12Aug 13Aug 16
Event ↓ANANANANANANANANAN
50 m freestyle H½F
100 m freestyle H½F
200 m freestyle H½F
400 m freestyle HF
1500 m freestyle HF
100 m backstroke H½F
200 m backstroke H½F
100 m breaststroke H½F
200 m breaststroke H½F
100 m butterfly H½F
200 m butterfly H½F
200 m individual medley H½F
400 m individual medley HF
4×100 m freestyle relay HF
4×200 m freestyle relay HF
4×100 m medley relay HF
10 km open water F
Women [9]
Date →Aug 6Aug 7Aug 8Aug 9Aug 10Aug 11Aug 12Aug 13Aug 15
Event ↓ANANANANANANANANAN
50 m freestyle H½F
100 m freestyle H½F
200 m freestyle H½F
400 m freestyle HF
800 m freestyle HF
100 m backstroke H½F
200 m backstroke H½F
100 m breaststroke H½F
200 m breaststroke H½F
100 m butterfly H½F
200 m butterfly H½F
200 m individual medley H½F
400 m individual medley HF
4×100 m freestyle relay HF
4×200 m freestyle relay HF
4×100 m medley relay HF
10 km open water F

Qualification

FINA By-Law BL 9.3.6.4 (swimming) and BL 9.3.7.5.3 (open water) laid out the qualification procedures for the "Swimming" competition at the Olympics. [10] Each country is allowed to enter up to two swimmers per individual event (provided they qualify), and one entry per relay; and a country may not have more than 26 males and 26 females (52 total) on its team.

Swimming – individual events

On January 15, 2015, FINA posted the qualifying times for individual events for the 2016 Summer Olympics. [11] The time standards consisted of two types: an "Olympic Qualifying Time" (OQT) and an "Olympic Selection time" (OST). Each country was able to enter up to two swimmers per event, provided both swimmers met the (faster) qualifying time. A country was able to enter one swimmer per event that met the invitation standard. Any swimmer who met the "qualifying" time was entered in the event for the Games; a swimmer meeting the "invitation" standard was eligible for entry, and their entry was allotted/filled in by ranking. [11] [12]

If a country had had no swimmers who meet either qualifying standard, it may have entered one male and one female. A country that did not receive an allocation spot but had at least one swimmer who met a qualifying standard might have enter the swimmer with the highest ranking. [12]

Swimming – relay events

Each relay event features 16 teams, composed of:

Open-water swimming

The men's and women's 10 km races at the 2016 Summer Olympics featured 25 swimmers: [13]

Participation

Participating nations

Brazil, as the host country, receives guaranteed quota place in case it would not qualify any qualification places.

Medal summary

Medal table

  *   Host nation (Brazil)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States 168933
2Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 34310
3Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 3227
4Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 2237
5Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2002
6Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1506
7Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1236
8Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1146
9Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1124
10Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1113
11Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1012
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1012
13Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 1001
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 1001
15Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 0303
16Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 0224
17Flag of France.svg  France 0213
18Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 0101
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 0101
20Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 0011
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil*0011
Totals (21 nations)353534104

Men's events

GamesGoldSilverBronze
50 m freestyle
details
Anthony Ervin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
21.40 Florent Manaudou
Flag of France.svg  France
21.41 Nathan Adrian
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
21.49
100 m freestyle
details
Kyle Chalmers
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
47.58 WJR Pieter Timmers
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
47.80 NR Nathan Adrian
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
47.85
200 m freestyle
details
Sun Yang
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
1:44.65 Chad le Clos
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
1:45.20 AF Conor Dwyer
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:45.23
400 m freestyle
details
Mack Horton
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
3:41.55 Sun Yang
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
3:41.68 Gabriele Detti
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
3:43.49
1500 m freestyle
details
Gregorio Paltrinieri
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
14:34.57 Connor Jaeger
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
14:39.48 AM Gabriele Detti
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
14:40.86
100 m backstroke
details
Ryan Murphy
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
51.97 OR Xu Jiayu
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
52.31 David Plummer
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
52.40
200 m backstroke
details
Ryan Murphy
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:53.62 Mitch Larkin
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1:53.96 Evgeny Rylov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
1:53.97 EU
100 m breaststroke
details
Adam Peaty
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
57.13 WR Cameron van der Burgh
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
58.69 Cody Miller
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
58.87 AM
200 m breaststroke
details
Dmitriy Balandin
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
2:07.46 NR Josh Prenot
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2:07.53 Anton Chupkov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2:07.70 NR
100 m butterfly
details
Joseph Schooling
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore
50.39 OR , AS Michael Phelps
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Chad le Clos
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
László Cseh
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
51.14Not awarded
as there was a tie for silver.
200 m butterfly
details
Michael Phelps
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:53.36 Masato Sakai
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
1:53.40 Tamás Kenderesi
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1:53.62
200 m individual medley
details
Michael Phelps
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:54.66 Kosuke Hagino
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
1:56.61 Wang Shun
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
1:57.05
400 m individual medley
details
Kosuke Hagino
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
4:06.05 AS Chase Kalisz
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
4:06.75 Daiya Seto
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
4:09.71
4 × 100 m freestyle relay
details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Caeleb Dressel (48.10)
Michael Phelps (47.12)
Ryan Held (47.73)
Nathan Adrian (46.97)
Jimmy Feigen [a]
Blake Pieroni [a]
Anthony Ervin [a]
3:09.92Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)
Mehdy Metella (48.08)
Fabien Gilot (48.20)
Florent Manaudou (47.14)
Jérémy Stravius (47.11)
Clément Mignon [a]
William Meynard [a]
3:10.53Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)
James Roberts (48.88)
Kyle Chalmers (47.38)
James Magnussen (48.11)
Cameron McEvoy (47.00)
Matthew Abood [a]
3:11.37
4 × 200 m freestyle relay
details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Conor Dwyer (1:45.23)
Townley Haas (1:44.14)
Ryan Lochte (1:46.03)
Michael Phelps (1:45.26)
Clark Smith [a]
Jack Conger [a]
Gunnar Bentz [a]
7:00.66Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)
Stephen Milne (1:46.97)
Duncan Scott (1:45.05)
Daniel Wallace (1:46.26)
James Guy (1:44.85)
Robbie Renwick [a]
7:03.13 NR Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)
Kosuke Hagino (1:45.34)
Naito Ehara (1:46.11)
Yuki Kobori (1:45.71)
Takeshi Matsuda (1:46.34)
7:03.50
4 × 100 m medley relay
details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Ryan Murphy (51.85 WR )
Cody Miller (59.03)
Michael Phelps (50.33)
Nathan Adrian (46.74)
David Plummer [a]
Kevin Cordes [a]
Tom Shields [a]
Caeleb Dressel [a]
3:27.95 OR Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)
Chris Walker-Hebborn (53.68)
Adam Peaty (56.59)
James Guy (51.35)
Duncan Scott (47.62)
3:29.24 NR Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)
Mitch Larkin (53.19)
Jake Packard (58.84)
David Morgan (51.18)
Kyle Chalmers (46.72)
Cameron McEvoy [a]
3:29.93
10 km open water
details
Ferry Weertman
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1:52:59.8 Spyridon Gianniotis
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
1:52:59.8 Marc-Antoine Olivier
Flag of France.svg  France
1:53:02.0

AF African Record | AM Americas Record | AS Asian Record | ER European Record | OC Oceanian Record | OR Olympic Record | WJR World Junior Record | WR World Record
NR National Record (any World Record is necessarily also an Olympic, area, and national record. Area records (for continental regions) are also national records)

a Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Women's events

GamesGoldSilverBronze
50 m freestyle
details
Pernille Blume
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
24.07 NR Simone Manuel
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
24.09 Aliaksandra Herasimenia
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus
24.11 NR
100 m freestyle
details
Penny Oleksiak
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Simone Manuel
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
52.70 OR , WJR , AM
52.70 OR , AM
Not awarded
as there was a tie for gold.
Sarah Sjöström
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
52.99
200 m freestyle
details
Katie Ledecky
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:53.73 Sarah Sjöström
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1:54.08 NR Emma McKeon
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1:54.92
400 m freestyle
details
Katie Ledecky
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
3:56.46 WR Jazmin Carlin
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
4:01.23 Leah Smith
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
4:01.92
800 m freestyle
details
Katie Ledecky
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
8:04.79 WR Jazmin Carlin
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
8:16.17 Boglárka Kapás
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
8:16.37 NR
100 m backstroke
details
Katinka Hosszú
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
58.45 Kathleen Baker
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
58.75 Kylie Masse
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Fu Yuanhui
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
58.76 NR
58.76 NR
200 m backstroke
details
Maya DiRado
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2:05.99 Katinka Hosszú
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2:06.05 Hilary Caldwell
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
2:07.54
100 m breaststroke
details
Lilly King
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:04.93 OR Yulia Efimova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
1:05.50 Katie Meili
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1:05.69
200 m breaststroke
details
Rie Kaneto
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
2:20.30 Yulia Efimova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2:21.97 Shi Jinglin
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
2:22.28
100 m butterfly
details
Sarah Sjöström
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
55.48 WR Penny Oleksiak
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
56.46 WJR , NR Dana Vollmer
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
56.63
200 m butterfly
details
Mireia Belmonte García
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
2.04.85 Madeline Groves
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
2.04.88 Natsumi Hoshi
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
2.05.20
200 m individual medley
details
Katinka Hosszú
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
2:06.58 OR Siobhan-Marie O'Connor
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2:06.88 NR Maya DiRado
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2:08.79
400 m individual medley
details
Katinka Hosszú
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
4:26.36 WR Maya DiRado
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
4:31.15 Mireia Belmonte García
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
4:32.39
4 × 100 m freestyle relay
details
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)
Emma McKeon (53.41)
Brittany Elmslie (53.12)
Bronte Campbell (52.15)
Cate Campbell (51.97)
Madison Wilson [b]
3:30.65 WR Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Simone Manuel (53.36)
Abbey Weitzeil (52.56)
Dana Vollmer (53.18)
Katie Ledecky (52.79)
Amanda Weir [b]
Lia Neal [b]
Allison Schmitt [b]
3:31.89 AM Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)
Sandrine Mainville (53.86)
Chantal Van Landeghem (53.12)
Taylor Ruck (53.19)
Penny Oleksiak (52.72)
Michelle Williams [b]
3:32.89 NR
4 × 200 m freestyle relay
details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Allison Schmitt (1:56.21)
Leah Smith (1:56.69)
Maya DiRado (1:56.39)
Katie Ledecky (1:53.74)
Missy Franklin [b]
Melanie Margalis [b]
Cierra Runge [b]
7:43.03Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)
Leah Neale (1:57.95)
Emma McKeon (1:54.64)
Bronte Barratt (1:55.81)
Tamsin Cook (1:56.47)
Jessica Ashwood [b]
7:44.87Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)
Katerine Savard (1:57.91)
Taylor Ruck (1:56.18)
Brittany MacLean (1:56.36)
Penny Oleksiak (1:54.94)
Kennedy Goss [b]
Emily Overholt [b]
7:45.39 NR
4 × 100 m medley relay
details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)
Kathleen Baker (59.00)
Lilly King (1:05.70)
Dana Vollmer (56.00)
Simone Manuel (52.43)
Olivia Smoliga [b]
Katie Meili [b]
Kelsi Worrell [b]
Abbey Weitzeil [b]
3:53.13Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)
Emily Seebohm (58.83)
Taylor McKeown (1:07.05)
Emma McKeon (56.95)
Cate Campbell (52.17)
Madison Wilson [b]
Madeline Groves [b]
Brittany Elmslie [b]
3:55.00Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)
Mie Nielsen (58.75)
Rikke Møller Pedersen (1:06.62)
Jeanette Ottesen (56.43)
Pernille Blume (53.21)
3:55.01 EU
10 km open water
details
Sharon van Rouwendaal
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1:56:32.1 Rachele Bruni
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1:56:49.5 Poliana Okimoto
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
1:56:51.4

AF African Record | AM Americas Record | AS Asian Record | ER European Record | OC Oceanian Record | OR Olympic Record | WJR World Junior Record | WR World Record
NR National Record (any World Record is necessarily also an Olympic, area, and national record. Area records (for continental regions) are also national records)

b Swimmers who participated in the heats only and received medals.

Olympic and world records broken

Men

EventEstablished forDateRoundNameNationalityTimeRecordDay
Men's 100 metre breaststroke (same)6 AugustHeats Adam Peaty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 57.55 WR 1
Men's 100 metre breaststroke (same)7 AugustFinal Adam Peaty Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 57.13 WR 2
Men's 100 metre backstroke (same)8 AugustFinal Ryan Murphy Flag of the United States.svg  United States 51.97 OR 3
Men's 200 metre breaststroke (same)9 AugustSemifinal Ippei Watanabe Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 2:07.22 OR 4
Men's 100 metre butterfly (same)12 AugustFinal Joseph Schooling Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 50.39 OR 7
Men's 4 × 100 metre medley relay Men's 100 metre backstroke 13 AugustFinal Ryan Murphy Flag of the United States.svg  United States 51.85 r WR 8
Men's 4 × 100 metre medley relay (same)13 AugustFinal Ryan Murphy (51.85)
Cody Miller (59.03)
Michael Phelps (50.33)
Nathan Adrian (46.74)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3:27.95 OR 8

Women

EventDateRoundNameNationalityTimeRecordDay
Women's 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay 6 AugustHeats Madison Wilson (54.11)
Brittany Elmslie (53.22)
Bronte Campbell (53.26)
Cate Campbell (51.80)
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 3:32.39 OR 1
Women's 100 metre butterfly 6 AugustSemifinal Sarah Sjöström Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 55.84 OR 1
Women's 400 metre individual medley 6 AugustFinal Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 4:26.36 WR 1
Women's 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay 6 AugustFinal Emma McKeon (53.41)
Brittany Elmslie (53.12)
Bronte Campbell (52.15)
Cate Campbell (51.97)
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 3:30.65 WR 1
Women's 400 metre freestyle 7 AugustHeats Katie Ledecky Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3:58.71 OR 2
Women's 100 metre butterfly 7 AugustFinal Sarah Sjöström Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 55.48 WR 2
Women's 400 metre freestyle 7 AugustFinal Katie Ledecky Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3:56.46 WR 2
Women's 200 metre individual medley 8 AugustHeats Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 2:07.45 OR 3
Women's 100 metre breaststroke 8 AugustFinal Lilly King Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1:04.93 OR 3
Women's 200 metre individual medley 9 AugustFinal Katinka Hosszú Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 2:06.58 OR 4
Women's 100 metre freestyle 10 AugustHeats Cate Campbell Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 52.78 OR 5
Women's 100 metre freestyle 10 AugustSemifinals Cate Campbell Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 52.71 OR 5
Women's 800 metre freestyle 11 AugustHeats Katie Ledecky Flag of the United States.svg  United States 8.12.86 OR 6
Women's 100 metre freestyle 11 AugustFinal Simone Manuel Flag of the United States.svg  United States 52.70 OR 6
Women's 100 metre freestyle 11 AugustFinal Penny Oleksiak Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 52.70 OR 6
Women's 800 metre freestyle 12 AugustFinal Katie Ledecky Flag of the United States.svg  United States 8.04.79 WR 7

Legend: r – First leg of relay

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Rio 2016: Daily competition schedule" (PDF). Rio 2016 Organization. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
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