at the Games of the XVI Olympiad
|Venue||Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Centre|
|Dates||29 November – 7 December|
|No. of events||13|
|Competitors||235 from 33 nations|
| Swimming at the|
1956 Summer Olympics
At the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, 13 swimming events were contested, seven for men and six for women. There was a total of 235 participants from 33 countries competing.For the first time, the butterfly stroke was contested as a separate event. Australia dominated the medal standings with a total of 8 out of a possible 13 gold medals, eventually finishing with 14 medals overall.
|2||United States (USA)||2||4||5||11|
|4||Great Britain (GBR)||1||0||1||2|
|United Team of Germany (EUA)||1||0||1||2|
|7||Soviet Union (URS)||0||0||2||2|
|8||South Africa (RSA)||0||0||1||1|
|Totals (8 nations)||13||13||13||39|
|100 m freestyle|| Jon Henricks |
|55.4 (WR)|| John Devitt |
|55.8|| Gary Chapman |
|400 m freestyle|| Murray Rose |
|4:27.3 (WR)|| Tsuyoshi Yamanaka |
|4:30.4|| George Breen |
|1500 m freestyle|| Murray Rose |
|17:58.9|| Tsuyoshi Yamanaka |
|18:00.3|| George Breen |
|100 m backstroke|| David Theile |
|1:02.2 (WR)|| John Monckton |
|1:03.2|| Frank McKinney |
|200 m breaststroke|| Masaru Furukawa |
|2:34.7|| Masahiro Yoshimura |
|2:36.7|| Kharis Yunichev |
|200 m butterfly|| William Yorzyk |
|2:19.3|| Takashi Ishimoto |
|2:23.8|| György Tumpek |
|4 × 200 metre freestyle relay|| Australia (AUS)|
|8:23.6 (WR)|| United States (USA)|
|8:31.5|| Soviet Union (URS)|
|100 m freestyle|| Dawn Fraser |
|1:02.0 (WR)|| Lorraine Crapp |
|1:02.3|| Faith Leech |
|400 m freestyle|| Lorraine Crapp |
|4:54.6 (OR)|| Dawn Fraser |
|5:02.5|| Sylvia Ruuska |
|100 m backstroke|| Judy Grinham |
|1:12.9 (WR)|| Carin Cone |
|1:12.9 (WR)|| Margaret Edwards |
|200 m breaststroke|| Ursula Happe |
United Team of Germany
|2:53.1 (OR)|| Éva Székely |
|2:54.8|| Eva-Maria Elsen |
United Team of Germany
|100 m butterfly|| Shelley Mann |
|1:11.0 (OR)|| Nancy Ramey |
|1:11.9|| Mary Sears |
|4 × 100 metre freestyle relay|| Australia (AUS)|
|4:17.1 (WR)|| United States (USA)|
|4:19.2|| South Africa (RSA)|
235 swimmers from 33 nations competed.
The Summer Olympic Games, also known as the Games of the Olympiad, are a major international multi-sport event normally held once every four years. The Games were first held in 1896 in Athens, Greece, and were most recently the 2020 Summer Olympics held in 2021 in Tokyo, Japan. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) organises the Games and oversees the host city's preparations. In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third place; this tradition began in 1904. The Winter Olympic Games were created out of the success of the Summer Olympics.
The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad and commonly known as Melbourne 1956, were an international multi-sport event held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, from 22 November to 8 December 1956, with the exception of the equestrian events, which were held in Stockholm, Sweden, in June 1956.
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Sandra Anne Morgan, also known by her married name Sandra Beavis, or as Sandra Morgan-Beavis, is an Australian former freestyle swimmer who was part of the gold medal-winning team in the 4×100-metre freestyle relay at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. At the age of 14 years and 6 months, she became the youngest Australian to win an Olympic gold medal, a record that still stands.
Spain first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, and has sent athletes to compete in most Summer Olympic Games since 1920. Spain has also participated in every Winter Olympic Games since 1936. Its team is organised by the Spanish Olympic Committee created in 1924.
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Matthew John Cowdrey is an Australian politician and Paralympic swimmer. He presently holds numerous world records. He has a congenital amputation of his left arm; it stops just below the elbow. Cowdrey competed at the 2004 Paralympic Games, 2006 Commonwealth Games, 2008 Paralympic Games, 2010 Commonwealth Games, and the 2012 Paralympic Games. After the 2012 London Games, he is the most successful Australian Paralympian, having won thirteen Paralympic gold medals and twenty three Paralympic medals in total. On 10 February 2015, Cowdrey announced his retirement from swimming.
John James Monckton was an Australian backstroke swimmer who won a silver medal in the 100-metre event at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. Although he set multiple world records, he never won an Olympic gold medal.
Gary Arthur Chapman was an Australian freestyle swimmer of the 1950s who won a bronze medal in the 100-metre freestyle at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne. Although he had set a world record in the 220-yard freestyle, he was surprisingly omitted from the 4×200-metre freestyle relay team which won the gold medal.
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