Venezuela at the 1952 Summer Olympics

Last updated

Venezuela at the
1952 Summer Olympics
Flag of Venezuela (1930-1954).svg
IOC code VEN
NOC Venezuelan Olympic Committee
Website www.covoficial.com.ve  (in Spanish)
in Helsinki
Competitors38 in 8 sports
Flag bearer Asnoldo Devonish
Medals
Ranked 40th
Gold
0
Silver
0
Bronze
1
Total
1
Summer Olympics appearances (overview)

Venezuela competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics held in Helsinki, Finland. The Venezuelan Olympic Committee selected 38 competitors, 36 men and two women, to take part in 37 events across eight sports. This was a much greater turnout than 1948, Venezuela's only previous entry, which had only one athlete. For the first time, women represented Venezuela at the Summer Olympics. Women have been absent in the Venezuelan team on four occasions, including the next Summer Games held in Melbourne.

Contents

Venezuela won one medal at the Games, a bronze in triple jump; the medalist, Asnoldo Devonish, was almost not included in the team, and competed at the Games while injured.

Background

After their debut at the previous 1948 Summer Olympics, Venezuela began forming a national team for the 1952 Games. [1] [2] Venezuela was the 61st country to register with the International Olympic Committee for entry at the 1952 Olympic Games, [3] and received one handbook for all events except Cycling and Arts, for which it received two. [4] The main body of the Venezuelan delegation, which comprised a total of 61 men and four women (athletes and officials), arrived in Helsinki for the Games on 7 July; [5] in Finland, Venezuela's Olympic attaché was Olavi Mattila. [6] Additionally, five press passes were issued for the country. [7]

Devonish's selection

In 1951, Asnoldo Devonish won the gold medal in triple jump in the Bolivarian Games with a distance of 15 m, his best result in the event. [8] [9] Thanks to this win, he was entitled and encouraged to join the Olympic team, however, Venezuelan athletic organizations, including the Venezuelan Olympic Committee (VOC), were opposed to Devonish joining. At the time, he was injured [1] and was a better long jumper than triple jumper. [10] Prior to the Games, his coach, Ladislao Lazar, said that he would not allow any of his athletes to compete at Helsinki if Devonish was not on the team. [1] Devonish competed at the Games while still injured. [2]

Medalists

Devonish receiving his bronze medal at the games FOTO-1-Acto-de-premiacion-del-salto-triple-en-1952.jpg
Devonish receiving his bronze medal at the games

The 20-year-old Devonish was the 1952 Games' only medal winner for Venezuela, and the country's first Olympic medalist; he subsequently became the first person inducted into Venezuela's Sporting Hall of Fame. [2] He recalled that he had made a bet for two dollars before the medal ceremony that he would not cry during the Venezuelan national anthem but that he lost, becoming emotional as Venezuelans watching sang along and the flag was raised. [2]

Devonish remained the only Venezuelan Olympic medalist in track and field events until Yulimar Rojas in Rio 2016; Rojas won a silver medal, also in the triple jump. [11]

MedalNameSportEventDate
Bronze medal icon.svg Bronze Asnoldo Devonish Athletics Men's Triple Jump 23 July

Opening ceremony

Venezuela, per Finnish alphabetical order of countries, marched 65th in the Opening ceremony. There were 58 people representing Venezuela in the ceremony. [12] The flag bearer for Venezuela at the 1952 Olympics was Asnoldo Devonish. [8]

Venezuela in the Opening ceremony Venezuelan opening march 1952 Helsinki Olympics.png
Venezuela in the Opening ceremony

Competitors

In 1952, women were part of the Venezuelan Olympic delegation for the first time, with the country including two female athletes, both fencers: Gerda Muller and Ursula Selle. [13] On only four occasions has the country not included female athletes, in 1948 and 1956 (the Games immediately before and after this instance), and later in 1968 and 1980. Until the 2000s, female participation was low. [13]

Competing for Venezuela were 38 athletes in 37 events across eight sports. [14] [15] The male Venezuelan competitors were housed in building seven of the Käpylä Olympic Village, along with a few athletes from hosts Finland [16] (most Finnish athletes were housed in an elite athletic facility on the island of Santahamina), [17] and eight other countries' athletes, including those of Spain, Uruguay, and Mexico. [16] Venezuela's female competitors, along with all female competitors from non-Communist countries, were housed in a local nursing college that had been transformed for the Olympics, called the Women's Village. [17] During the Games, ten Venezuelan competitors were treated by the medical team. [18]

SportMenWomenTotal
Athletics 707
Boxing 505
Cycling 404
Fencing 8210
Diving 101
Shooting 707
Swimming 101
Wrestling 303
Total36238

Aquatics

Swimming

Swimming events took place between 25 July and 2 August at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium, with many of the athletes under the age of 20. [19] Venezuela was represented by one athlete in one event. [20]

Men's 100 m freestyle

The 19-year-old Oscar Saiz competed in the men's 100 m freestyle on 26 July. [20] He was in heat five of the qualifiers, placing sixth out of seven in his heat and not qualifying; he ranked 41st overall out of 61 competitors in the heats. [21] 1952 was Saiz's only Olympic Games. [20]

Saiz was a student in London and coached by the Australian Sep Prosser, by air mail. [22]

AthleteEventRound OneSemifinalsFinal
TimeRankTimeRankTimeRank
Oscar Saiz 100 metres freestyle 1:01.76Did not advance

Diving

The diving events were held between 27 July and 2 August at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium; the pool was heated but the air was cold, with the official Olympic report suggesting divers would have "felt the wind and chill more than anyone else". [19] [23] One athlete represented Venezuela at one event. [24] Athletes competing in diving events had a special registration form, where they filled out the dives they requested to perform. [25] In diving, seven judges visually assess the performance and hold up score cards, with the highest and lowest scores awarded being discounted and the rest added together before being divided by five (the number of scores) to give the mean. The mean is then multiplied by the difficulty ranking of the dive for the complete score for that dive. [19]

Men's 3 m springboard

The 26-year-old [24] Eduardo Fereda competed for Venezuela on the 3 m springboard on 28 July. [26] In the qualifying rounds he completed six successful dives, with dive scores ranging from 4.80 to 9.20 (each placing him between 36th and 28th overall); his total score was 41.98, ultimately ranking him 36th out of 36 and so not qualifying for the final. [24] [27] Fereda would later compete in trampolining, but 1952 was his only Olympic Games. [24]

AthleteEventPreliminariesFinal
PointsRankPointsRank
Eduardo Fereda 3 m springboard 41.9836Did not advance

Athletics

Athletics events were held between 20 and 27 July [28] at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. Seven athletes, all men, represented Venezuela [15] in eleven events.

Track

In sprint events (100, 200 and 400 metres), athletes were drawn in 12 heats. The best three of every heat qualified to the quarterfinals, with the best two of each of these advancing. In middle distance events (800 and 1500 metres), athletes were drawn in heats and the best three or four of every heat would qualify to the semifinals, where the best three or six of each then advanced. In the 110 metres hurdles, athletes were drawn in six heats: the best two qualified to the semifinals, and the best three of each semi then advanced to the final. [28]

Juan Leiva, Guillermo Gutiérrez, Filemón Camacho, and Teófilo Davis all competed in two events (Davis with one each in track and field). Paulino Ferrer contested one event. This was the only Olympic appearance of all five athletes. [29] [30] [31] [32] [33]

AthleteEventHeatQuarterfinalSemifinalFinal
ResultRankResultRankResultRankResultRank
Juan Leiva 100 metres 11.315Did not advanceDid not advance
200 metres 22.383Did not advanceDid not advance
Guillermo Gutiérrez 100 metres 11.425Did not advanceDid not advance
400 metres 48.822 Q48.754Did not advance
Filemón Camacho 800 metres 2:005Did not advanceDid not advance
1500 metres 4:187Did not advanceDid not advance
Teófilo Davis 110 metres hurdles 15.965Did not advanceDid not advance
Paulino Ferrer 400 metres hurdles 1:025Did not advanceDid not advance
Men's 100 m sprint

Two Venezuelans competed in the 100 m sprint event; [34] 19-year-old Juan Leiva [35] and 25-year-old Guillermo Gutiérrez. [36] Leiva competed in heat 6, placing 5th with a time of 11.2 (also recorded as 11.31), not qualifying. [34] [35] Gutiérrez competed in heat 4, also placing 5th with a time of 11.2 (also recorded as 11.42), also not qualifying. [34] [36]

Men's 200 m sprint

Juan Leiva was Venezuela's only competitor in the 200 m sprint. He placed 3rd in heat 5, with a time of 22.3 (also recorded as 22.38), not qualifying. [35] [37]

Men's 400 m sprint

Guillermo Gutiérrez was Venezuela's only competitor in the 400 m sprint, [38] where he was more successful. He placed 2nd in heat 6, qualifying with a time of 48.7 (also recorded as 48.82); in the quarterfinals he came 4th in the first group, with a time of 48.6 (also recorded as 48.75), not advancing. [36]

Men's 800 m race

The 25-year-old Filemón Camacho was the only Venezuelan runner in the 800 m race. [39] [40] He placed 5th in heat 7, with a time of 2:00.00, not qualifying. [40]

Men's 1500 m race

Camacho also contested the 1500 m race, again the only Venezuelan. [41] He placed 7th in heat 1, with a time of 4:18.00, not qualifying. [41]

Men's 110 m hurdles

The 22-year-old Teófilo Davis was Venezuela's only athlete in the 110 m hurdles race. [32] [42] He placed 5th in heat 3 with a time of 15.7 (also recorded as 15.96), not qualifying. [32]

Men's 400 m hurdles

The 25-year-old Paulino Ferrer was Venezuela's only athlete in the 400 m hurdles race. [33] [43] He came 5th in heat 4 with a time of 62.1 (or 1:02.1), not qualifying. [33] [43] He was placed 36th out of 40 athletes in the event. [44]

Field

In jumping events (long, high and triple jump) athletes begin in a pooled qualifying round, where every athlete who achieved the qualifying criteria (7.20 m for long jump, 1.87 m for high jump and 14.55 m for triple jump), or the twelve best performances including ties in the long jump only, advance to the finals. In the final round, athletes have three attempts to clear several ascending mark barriers. In the javelin throw event athletes must achieve 64.00 m in order to qualify for the finals. [45]

Three athletes represented Venezuela in field events; Brígido Iriarte competed in two field events, with Teófilo Davis and Asnoldo Devonish each competing in one. The 1952 Games is the only one these men competed at. [46] [47]

AthleteEventQualifyingFinal
DistancePositionDistancePosition
Brígido Iriarte Long jump 6.8220Did not advance
Javelin throw 52.1326Did not advance
Teófilo Davis High jump 1.8727 Q1.8024
Asnoldo Devonish Triple jump 15.242 Q15.52Bronze medal icon.svg
Men's Long jump

The 31-year-old Brígido Iriarte was in Group A for the long jump qualifiers. He fouled his first two jumps and landed 6.82 m on his third, placing 9th in the group and 20th overall, not meeting the qualifying height of 7.20 m. [48] [49]

Men's Javelin

In the javelin, Iriarte placed 13th out of 13 in Group A and 26th of all athletes in qualifying, with a throw of 52.13 m, which he achieved on his first attempt (his other two attempts were at shorter distances each time). He did not qualify. [48] [50]

Men's High jump

Davis is listed in the high jump record as T. S. D. Bell. [51] For the event, the qualifying height was 187 cm, with all athletes who successful jumped this advancing to the final. [52] Davis cleared this on his last attempt, placing 13th in Group A and 27th in qualifying [32] out of 28. In the final, he successfully jumped 170 cm and 180 cm on his first attempts, but then missed 190 cm all three times, placing joint-24th. [51]

Men's Triple jump
Devonish landing his bronze medal-winning jump Devonishjump.png
Devonish landing his bronze medal-winning jump

The triple jump competition was held on 23 July 1952. In the qualifying rounds, Asnoldo Devonish was in Group A, achieving the second-longest jump of all competing athletes during this stage, comfortably qualifying for the final. His first jump in the qualifiers placed him 7th, his second jump took him to 2nd, and he passed the third. In the final, Devonish's second jump measured 15.52 m, his furthest. At this point, he was in second place, passing the third jump, but falling into third place. His other attempts were all fouls. [47] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57]

Devonish's coach, Ladislao Lazar, was celebrated in the Venezuelan press for insisting he compete while injured. [58] [59]

Combined

Men's Decathlon

Brígido Iriarte also contested the track and field decathlon. He placed 12th of the 21 athletes who completed the decathlon (out of 28 competing). [60]

AthleteEventTotal
Points
Position
Brígido Iriarte Decathlon 5,77012
Athlete100 metresLong JumpShot PutHigh Jump400 metres110m HDiscus ThrowPole VaultJavelin Throw1500 metres
TimePointsDisPointsDisPointsDisPointsTimePointsTimePointsDisPointsDisPointsDisPointsTimePoints
Brígido Iriarte 11.067077.0680411.665521.6055553.163616.648938.235783.4047655.556374:49.8336

In the overall points table, Iriarte was in joint-16th after the first event, the 100 m sprint; after the long jump he moved up to 9th, where he stayed after the shot putt. He dropped back down to 16th after the high jump, moving slightly up to 15th after the 400 m sprint. He stayed in 15th after the 110 m hurdles, moving into 14th after the discus and staying there after the pole vault. He then moved up to 13th after the javelin throw and then into 12th after the final event, the 1500 m race. [61]

In the individual events, Iriarte ran in heat 4 of the 100 m sprint, coming 2nd in the heat before placing joint-16th in the deciding race. He placed joint-4th in the long jump but 19th in the shot putt and joint-22nd in the high jump. He ran in heat 6 of the 400 m sprint, coming 3rd in the heat and then 17th in the final race. In heat 2 of the 110 m hurdles, Iriarte placed 2nd, coming joint-19th in the race. Throwing discus, he came 10th, in the pole vault he was joint-16th, and throwing javelin he was 5th. He ran in heat 3 for the 1500 m race, placing 3rd, and then came 7th in the 1500 m decider. [48]

Boxing

Boxing events were contested between 28 July and 2 August at the Messuhalli Hall in Helsinki. The sport saw a large increase in entries, in part due to many weight categories, but also because of countries like Venezuela entering the ring for the first time. In Helsinki, there were ten weigh-ins rather than the previous eight. Other changes include the semi-finals losers both being awarded a diploma instead of fighting for bronze. [62]

AthleteEventRound OneRound TwoQuarterfinalsSemifinalsFinal
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Ángel Amaya Bantamweight Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Macías  (MEX)
L 0-3
Did not advance
Luis Aranguren Featherweight Flag of Saar (1947-1956).svg  Schirra  (SAA)
L 1-2
Did not advance
Vicente Matute Lightweight BYEFlag of Pakistan.svg  Ali  (PAK)
W KO
Flag of Finland.svg  Pakkanen  (FIN)
L 0-3
Did not advance
Salomon Carrizales Light-Welterweight Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Pinto  (BRA)
W 2-1
US flag 48 stars.svg  Adkins  (USA)
L 0-3
Did not advance
Sergio Gascue Welterweight Flag of Romania (1948-1952).svg  Linca  (ROU)
L 0-3
Did not advance
Men's bantamweight

The 18-year-old Angel Amaya lost his bantamweight bout 3-0 to place joint-17th overall, out of 23. [63] [64]

Men's featherweight

The 21-year-old Luis Aranguren, representing Venezuelan in the featherweight boxing, lost his bout 2–1, placing joint-17th out of 30 competing athletes. [63] [65]

Men's lightweight

In his first bout, 19-year-old Vicente Matute faced no opponent and had a bye to the second round; here he won by knocking out his opponent. In the quarterfinal, Matute lost 3–0, placing joint 5th. [66] [67]

Men's light welterweight

The 19-year-old Salomon Carrizales, contesting the light welterweight, defeated his opponent in the first round 2–1. In the second round, he lost 3–0, to the eventual gold medalist. He placed joint 9th. [68] [69]

Men's welterweight

The 19-year-old Sergio Gascue fought his bout in the welterweight division, being defeated 3–0 in the first round. He came joint 17th. [70] [71]

Cycling

Track

Track cycling events were held at the Helsinki Velodrome. [72] Four athletes represented Venezuela in 3 events. [15]

Men's 1000 m time trial
AthleteEventRankTime
Andoni Ituarte 1000 m time trial 151:15.4

In the 1000 m time trial, each athlete rode separately against the clock. The 32-year-old Andoni Ituarte came joint-15th with a time of 1:15.4. [73] [74]

Men's sprint

The sprint was a scratch race over 1000 m, contested in heats. Heat winners continued to the quarterfinals, and those who lost contested a repechage to proceed. [75]

AthleteEventRound 1Repechage 1QuarterfinalsRepechage 2SemifinalsRepechage 3Final
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Rank
Luis Toro Sprint Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Hijzelendoorn  (NED)
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  Robinson  (RSA)
US flag 48 stars.svg  Hromjak  (USA)
L
Flag of Germany.svg  Potzernheim  (GER)
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Dadunashvili  (URS)
US flag 48 stars.svg  Hromjak  (USA)
Flag of Finland.svg  Törn  (FIN)
L
Did not advance

Venezuela's 26-year-old Luis Toro was drawn in heat 8, coming last. He then contested the first heat of the repechage, coming third. [75] [76]

Men's team pursuit
AthleteEventQualifyingQuarterfinalsSemifinalsFinal
TimeRankOpposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Opposition
Time
Rank
Luis Toro
Danilo Heredia
Andoni Ituarte
Ramón Echegaray
Team Pursuit 5:16.220Did not advance

In the 4000 m team pursuit, Venezuela came 20th, with a time of 5:16.2; the team was Ituarte, Toro, 24-year-old Danilo Heredia, and 17-year-old Ramón Echegaray. They did not advance out of the qualifying round. [77] [78]

Fencing

The fencing events took place at the Westend Tennis Hall, which was 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from the Olympic Village. [79] Ten fencers (eight men and two women) represented Venezuela in fencing. [15] Venezuelan fencer Gerda Muller, aged 15, was the youngest participant at the Games. [80]

Men

AthleteEventRound OneQuarterfinalSemifinalFinal Pool
OppositionRankOppositionRankOppositionRankOppositionRank
Juan Kavanagh Individual foil Flag of Sweden.svg  Magnusson  (SWE)Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Bokun  (URS)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Galimi  (ARG)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Paul  (GBR)
Flag of Australia.svg  Lund  (AUS)Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Asselin  (CAN)
6Did not advance
Augusto Gutiérrez Individual foil Flag of Romania (1948-1952).svg  Chelaru  (ROU)US flag 48 stars.svg  Lubell  (USA)
Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Ramos  (MEX)Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Midler  (URS)
Flag of Saar (1947-1956).svg  Bach  (SAA)Flag of Uruguay.svg  Rimini  (URU)
Tie
on
6
Did not advance
Giovanni Bertorelli Individual foil Flag of Norway.svg  Klette  (NOR)Flag of Sweden.svg  Rydström  (SWE)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Wendon  (GBR)Flag of Australia.svg  Fethers  (AUS)
Flag of Germany.svg  Eisenecker  (GER)Flag of Ireland.svg  Duffy  (IRL)
Flag of Saar (1947-1956).svg  Rau  (SAA)
8Did not advance
Giovanni Bertorelli
Nelson Nieves
Juan Kavanagh
Gustavo Gutiérrez
Augusto Gutiérrez
Team foil Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)
3Did not advance
Gustavo Gutiérrez Individual épée Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Krajewski  (POL)Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Haro  (MEX)
Flag of Finland.svg  Kerttula  (FIN)Flag of Hungary (1949-1956).svg  Sákovics  (HUN)
Flag of Norway.svg  Eriksen  (NOR)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Henrion  (BEL)
Flag of Guatemala.svg  López  (GUA)
Tie
on
5
Did not advance
Giovanni Bertorelli Individual épée Flag of Hungary (1949-1956).svg  Rerrich  (HUN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jay  (GBR)
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Pekelman  (BRA)Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Rydz  (POL)
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Deksbakh  (URS)Flag of Romania (1948-1952).svg  Chelaru  (ROU)
Flag of Ireland.svg  Duffy  (IRL)
Tie
on
7
Did not advance
Juan Camous Individual épée Flag of Hungary (1949-1956).svg  Berzsenyi  (HUN)Flag of Finland.svg  Wiik  (FIN)
Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Ramos  (MEX)Flag of France.svg  Bougnol  (FRA)
US flag 48 stars.svg  Skrobisch  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Kroggel  (GER)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Maki  (JPN)
5Did not advance
Gustavo Gutiérrez
Giovanni Bertorelli
Olaf Sandner
Juan Camous
Team épée Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)
4Did not advance
Olaf Sandner Individual sabre Flag of Austria.svg  Loisel  (AUT)Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Suski  (POL)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Pomini  (ARG)Flag of Romania (1948-1952).svg  Santo  (ROU)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Ruben  (DEN)Flag of Australia.svg  Lund  (AUS)
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Menegalli  (SUI)
7Did not advance
Gustavo Gutiérrez Individual sabre Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Heywaert  (BEL)Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Manayenko  (URS)
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Pawłowski  (POL)Flag of Denmark.svg  Carnera  (DEN)
Flag of Saar (1947-1956).svg  Rau  (SAA)Flag of Australia.svg  Fethers  (AUS)
Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg  Cámara  (MEX)
8Did not advance
Edmundo López Individual sabre Flag of Romania (1948-1952).svg  Tudor  (ROU)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Van Der Auwera  (BEL)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Nordin  (SWE)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Amez-Droz  (SUI)
Flag of Germany.svg  Liebscher  (GER)Flag of Guatemala.svg  López  (GUA)
Flag of Saar (1947-1956).svg  Knödler  (SAA)
Tie
on
6
Did not advance
Augusto Gutiérrez
Olaf Sandner
Gustavo Gutiérrez
Edmundo López
Team sabre Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)
3Did not advance
Men's Individual foil

In the individual foil event, 21-year-old Augusto Gutiérrez was drawn in pool 1, losing all pairings to place joint-6th in that group. The 20-year-old Juan Kavanagh was in pool 2, winning one of his pairings but placing 6th, and 23-year-old Giovanni Bertorelli was in pool 5, losing all his pairings and placing 8th. None of them advanced. [81] [82]

Men's Team foil

In the first round of the team foil, the Venezuelan team was drawn in pool 3, competing against Great Britain and Italy. Against Great Britain, only 19-year-old Gustavo Gutiérrez won any pairings, but they were defeated 14–2. With the team slightly changed for the pairings against Italy (swapping 17-year-old Nieves Croes for A. Gutiérrez), they still lost, this time 9–0, coming bottom of the group. [81] [83]

Men's Individual épée

In the individual épée event, G. Gutiérrez was in pool 1, winning two pairings but losing four, placing joint 5th. Bertorelli was in pool 3, winning one pairing and losing six to come joint 7th. Camous was in pool 7, and won three pairings, losing four to place 5th. [84]

Men's Team épée

For the team épée, Venezuela was drawn in pool 4, and again lost their matches. The other countries in this pool were Denmark, Belgium, and Portugal. Against Denmark they lost 9–5, with G. Gutiérrez, Bertorelli, and 28-year-old Olaf Sandner each winning one pairing. Juan Camous won two of his. Against Belgium they lost 11–4, with each man winning one pairing. They did not play Portugal, but came bottom of the group. [81] [85]

Men's Individual sabre

Venezuela's three individual sabre fencers were Sandner, G. Gutiérrez, and the 16-year-old Edmundo López. [81] In pool 1, Sandner won two pairings and lost five, placing 7th. In pool 4, G. Gutiérrez won one and lost five, placing 8th. In pool 6, López won one and lost six, coming joint 6th. None of them advanced. [86]

Men's Team sabre

In the team sabre, Venezuela was drawn in pool 2, competing against Austria and Italy. They lost to Austria 13–3, with López winning two pairings and G. Gutiérrez winning one. Against Italy, they lost 9–1, with Sandner taking the only win for the team. They placed bottom of the group. [87]

Women

AthleteEventRound OneQuarterfinalSemifinalFinal Pool
OppositionRankOppositionRankOppositionRankOppositionRank
Ursula Selle Individual foil Flag of Denmark.svg  Lachmann  (DEN)Flag of Italy.svg  Camber-Corno  (ITA)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Buller  (GBR)Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Shitikova  (URS)
Flag of Finland.svg  Kalka  (FIN)Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Włodarczyk  (POL)
6Did not advance
Gerda Muller Individual foil Flag of Hungary (1949-1956).svg  Elek  (HUN)Flag of France.svg  Drand  (FRA)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Irigoyen  (ARG)Flag of Austria.svg  Wenisch-Filz  (AUT)
Flag of Finland.svg  Sjöblom  (FIN)
Tie
on
5
Did not advance
Women's Individual foil

Both Venezuela's female athletes, Muller and 19-year-old Ursula Selle, [81] were fencers, and both competed in the individual foil. [88]

Selle was drawn in pool 2, winning two pairings and losing four, to place 6th in the group. Muller was in pool 6, losing four pairings and winning none, coming joint-5th. Neither advanced. [89]

Shooting

Venezuela competed in Olympic Shooting for the first time in 1952, as one of the ten new teams to the event this year. [90]

The shooting events were held between 25 and 29 July at the Malmi Shooting Range. There were seven events, but with some restrictions: each country could only enter two athletes per event, and the small-bore rifle events (if both are being contested by the country) must be contested by the same athlete(s). [91]

AthleteEventFinal
PointsRank
Herman Barreto Rapid fire pistol, 25 metres 55820
Carlos Monteverde Rapid fire pistol, 25 metres 48352
Hector de Lima Polanco Free pistol, 50 metres 50637
Carlos Marrero Free pistol, 50 metres 48348
Rigoberto Rivero Free rifle, three positions, 300 metres 1,02822
Humberto Briceño Free rifle, three positions, 300 metres 98425
Small-bore rifle, three positions, 50 metres 1,10433
Small-bore rifle, prone, 50 metres 39335
Rafael Arnal Small-bore rifle, three positions, 50 metres 1,08339
Small-bore rifle, prone, 50 metres 38057
Men's free pistol

Venezuela had two representatives in the Free Pistol event, 41-year-old Hector d'Lima Polanco [92] and 37-year-old Carlos Marrero Cabrera. [93] Each athlete fired 60 rounds, in six sets of ten; they could take practice shots before and between sets, up to 18 practice shots. [94] In his sets, de Lima Polanco shot 87, 80, 84, 83, 87 then 85, placing 37th. [94] Marrero shot 80, 80, 82, 81, 82 and 78, placing 48th of 48. [94] de Lima Polanco took part in the same event in the 1956 Melbourne Games, scoring better. [92]

Men's silhouette (rapid fire pistol, 25 m)

The 25-year-old Herman Barreto Avellaneda [95] and 32-year-old Carlos Monteverde Perez [96] competed in the Silhouette, a rapid-fire shooting event over 25 m. Barreto placed 20th out of 53, hitting all of the targets, [97] while Monteverde placed 52nd, hitting 55 targets. [98] There were two courses of 30 rounds, for 60 total, played over two days. Each course was broken down into three sets of ten, each scored out of 100, to give an overall score out of 600. [97] On the first course, Barreto scored 92, 87 and 91 for 270 in 30. On the second course, he scored 97, 97, and 94 for 288 in 30. His score was 60/558. [97] On the first course, Monteverde scored 94, 89 and 77, for 260 in 29. On the second course, he scored 82, 81 and 60 for 223 in 26. His score was 55/483. [98]

Men's free rifle (three positions, 300 m)

Venezuela also had two athletes contest the Free Rifle full set, 38-year-old Rigoberto Rivero Lucena [99] and 24-year-old Humberto Briceño Martinez. [100] [101] In the event, 120 shots were fired in series of ten, which were in sets of three; 40 shots were fired lying prone, 40 while kneeling, and 40 while standing. Up to ten practice shots per position could be taken, before or between the series of ten. [100] Rivero placed 22nd, scoring 365 prone, 333 kneeling, and 330 standing. Briceño placed 25th, scoring 371 prone, 343 kneeling, and 270 standing. [100]

Men's small-bore rifle (three positions, 50 m)

Briceño also contested both small-bore rifle events, as did the 37-year-old Rafael Arnal Myerston. [101] [102] [103] For the first time in the Olympic Games, the small-bore rifle full set was contested (it had previously only been a prone event). It was executed and scored in the same manner as the Free Rifle full set. [103] Briceño placed 33rd, scoring 393 prone, 376 kneeling, and 335 standing, hitting 31 center shots (used to separate athletes with the same scores). [101] [103] Arnal placd 39th, scoring 380 prone, 364 kneeling, and 339 standing, hitting 28 center shots. [102] [103]

Men's small-bore rifle (prone, 50 m)

In the small-bore rifle prone event 40 shots are fired in rounds of ten. Each round is scored out of 100, to give overall scores out of 400. Briceño placed 35th, scoring 97, 98, 99 and 99 for 393, having hit 16 center shots. [101] [103] Arnal placed 57th out of 58, scoring 95, 94, 93 and 98 for 380, having hit 14 center shots. [102] [103]

Wrestling

Wrestling events were contested between 20 and 27 July at the Messuhalli Hall, with weigh-ins conducted in the Olympic Village. [104]

AthleteEventRound OneRound TwoRound Three...Final Round
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Ignacio Lugo Featherweight Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Bernard  (CAN)
LVT
Flag of India.svg  Mangave  (IND)
LDNF-I
Did not advance
Pío Chirinos Middleweight Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  Reitz  (RSA)
LVT
Flag of Germany.svg  Gocke  (GER)
LVT
Did not advance
Rodolfo Padrón Light-Heavyweight US flag 48 stars.svg  Wittenberg  (USA)
LVT
Flag of Sweden.svg  Palm  (SWE)
LVT
Did not advance
Men's freestyle featherweight

In the freestyle featherweight wrestling, 19-year-old Ignacio Lugo represented Venezuela. [105] In the first round he fought the first match, losing to the Canadian Armand Bernard by falling at 10:55. [105] [106] In the second round he lost by walkover when he defaulted the match due to injury. [105] [107] Before he withdrew, he was tied for 16th. [105]

Men's freestyle middleweight

The 22-year-old Pío Chirinos represented Venezuela in freestyle middleweight wrestling. [108] In the first round he lost by falling at 1:11. In the second round he lost by falling at 1:20, and was eliminated, tying for 12th. [108] [109]

Men's freestyle light heavyweight

The 24-year-old Rodolfo Padron also lost both his matches, representing Venezuela in the freestyle light heavyweight. In the first round he fell at 1:28, and in the second at 2:28, placing joint-10th. [110] [111]

Related Research Articles

Venezuela at the 1956 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Venezuela competed at the 1956 Summer Olympics held in Melbourne, Australia, and in the equestrian events held in Stockholm, Sweden. Twenty-two competitors, all men, were selected by the Venezuelan Olympic Committee to take part in 16 events across 5 sports. The delegation featured no female competitors, for the second time, and won no medals.

Individual Olympic Athletes at the 2000 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Four athletes from East Timor competed as Individual Olympic Athletes at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia.

Asnoldo Devonish Venezuelan athlete

Asnoldo Vicente Devonish Romero was a Venezuelan track and field athlete who won the first Olympic medal for his native country.

At the 1952 Summer Olympics, 16 wrestling events were contested, for all men. There were eight weight classes in Greco-Roman wrestling and eight classes in freestyle wrestling. The events were held at Messuhalli.

Iran at the 1952 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Iran competed at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. 22 athletes and represented Iran in the 1952 Olympics.

Indonesia at the 1952 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Indonesia competed in the Summer Olympic Games for the first time at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. With three male athletes, Indonesia was one of the smallest teams competing in Helsinki. A non-participant served as flag bearer for the Indonesian delegation at the opening ceremony. The team did not win any medals. The weightlifter Thio Ging Hwie ranked eighth overall in men's lightweight, Maram Sudarmodjo ranked 20th in men's high jump, and the swimmer Habib Suharko did not advance past the preliminary round.

Diving at the 1952 Summer Olympics Diving at the Olympics

At the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, four diving events were contested.

Diving at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Mens 3 metre springboard Diving at the Olympics

The men's 3 metre springboard, also reported as springboard diving, was one of four diving events on the Diving at the 1952 Summer Olympics programme.

Diving at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Mens 10 metre platform Diving at the Olympics

The men's 10 metre platform, also reported as high diving, was one of four diving events on the Diving at the 1952 Summer Olympics programme.

Chinese Olympic Committee

The Chinese Olympic Committee has been the officially designated body of the People's Republic of China (PRC) regarding the Olympic Games and other affiliated international sport federations since 1979, when the Nagoya Resolution was adopted by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

Sailing at the 1952 Summer Olympics – 6 Metre Sailing at the Olympics

The 6 Metre was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1952 Summer Olympics program in Harmaja. Seven races were scheduled. 56 sailors, on 11 boats, from 11 nations competed.

China at the 1952 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

The People's Republic of China (PRC) sent a delegation to the Olympic Games for the first time at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.

Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Mens triple jump

The men's triple jump at the 1952 Olympic Games took place on 23 July at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. Thirty-five athletes from 23 nations competed. The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. Brazilian athlete Adhemar da Silva won the gold medal, breaking the world record twice. It was Brazil's first medal and first victory in the men's long jump. All three of the nations represented on the podium were relatively new to the event in the Olympics; Brazil had sent triple jumpers in 1948, but the Soviet Union and Venezuela each won medals in their first appearance.

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1952 Summer Olympics, took place on 26–29 July, at the Helsinki Swimming Stadium. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the sixth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 33 competitors from 19 nations participated in the event.

Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Mens marathon

The marathon at the 1952 Summer Olympics was held on 27 July on a course running from the Helsinki Olympic Stadium to Korso, Helsinki Rural Municipality and back. Sixty-six athletes from 32 nations competed. The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress.

The men's 4 × 400 metres relay event at the 1952 Olympic Games took place on July 26 & July 27. The Jamaican team won the final. Herb McKenley's third leg of 44.6, credited with pulling Jamaica into contention from 10 metres back, is considered one of the greatest relay legs in history. George Rhoden, the 400 metres champion and Mal Whitfield the 800 metres champion ran virtually shoulder to shoulder the entire last lap, but Whitfield was never able to take the lead.

Equestrian at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Individual jumping Equestrian at the Olympics

The individual jumping or Prix des Nations at the 1952 Summer Olympics took place on 3 August, at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. It was the ninth appearance of the event. For the first time, the event featured two rounds.

Equestrian at the 1952 Summer Olympics – Team jumping Equestrian at the Olympics

The team jumping or Prix des Nations at the 1952 Summer Olympics took place on 3 August, at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. It was the eighth appearance of the event. For the first time, the event featured two rounds.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "60 años de la leyenda olímpica de Asnoldo Devonish". Líder en Deportes (Caracas, Venezuela). C.A. Últimas Noticias. 23 July 2012. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Parra, Patricia (2016-08-14). "EL PRIMER MEDALLISTA OLIMPICO DE VENEZUELA". NoticieroDeportivo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2019-07-10. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  3. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 32. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  4. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 35. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  5. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 95. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  6. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 154. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  7. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 120. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  8. 1 2 Ocando Yamarte, Gilberto (8 January 2014). "Columna Atalaya Deportiva: Venezuela olímpica; el primero es el primero". Versión Final (Maracaibo, Venezuela). Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  9. Athletics Weekly. "Bolivarian Games". Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
  10. Hidalgo, Vannesa (23 September 2012). "Medallistas olímpicos venezolanos. Un salto a la inmortalidad: el atletismo dio a Venezuela la primera presea con Asnoldo Devonish". El Universal (Caracas, Venezuela). Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  11. Pérez, Cándido (2019-09-14). "Yulimar Rojas' Historical Jump". Caracas Chronicles. Archived from the original on 2019-09-21. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  12. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 221. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  13. 1 2 Lopez de D'Amico, Rosa; Benn, Tansin; Pfister, Gertrud (2016). Women and sport in Latin America. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. pp. 177–181. ISBN   978-1-317-56572-7. OCLC   950459696.
  14. "¿Cuántas medallas olímpicas se ha ganado Venezuela?". La Tienda Venezolana (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. pp. 244–245. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  16. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 86. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  17. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 89. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  18. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 192. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  19. 1 2 3 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. 1952. p. 561–563. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  20. 1 2 3 "Oscar Saiz Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  21. "Men 100m Freestyle Swimming Olympic Games 1952 Helsinki (AUS) - Sunday 27.07". www.todor66.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  22. "Swimmer Trained By Letter". Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954). 1952-12-08. p. 8. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  23. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. 1952. p. 47. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  24. 1 2 3 4 "Eduardo Fereda Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  25. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. 1952. p. 37. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  26. "Diving - Eduardo Fereda (Venezuela)". www.the-sports.org. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  27. "Diving at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's Springboard". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2019-08-09. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  28. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. pp. 248–255. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  29. "Juan LEIVA - Olympic Athletics | Venezuela". International Olympic Committee. 2016-06-11. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  30. "Guillermo GUTIÉRREZ - Olympic Athletics | Venezuela". International Olympic Committee. 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  31. "Filemon CAMACHO - Olympic Athletics | Venezuela". International Olympic Committee. 2016-06-11. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  32. 1 2 3 4 "Téofilo Davis Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  33. 1 2 3 "Paulino Ferrer Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  34. 1 2 3 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 268. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  35. 1 2 3 "Juan Leiva Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  36. 1 2 3 "Guillermo Gutiérrez Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  37. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 272. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  38. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 275. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  39. "Filemón Camacho Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  40. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 278. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  41. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 281. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  42. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 294. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  43. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 296. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  44. "Athletics at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games: Men's 400 metres Hurdles". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  45. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. pp. 258–260. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  46. "Brigido IRIARTE - Olympic Athletics | Venezuela". International Olympic Committee. 2016-06-18. Archived from the original on 2017-11-20. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  47. 1 2 "Asnoldo Devonish Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  48. 1 2 3 "Brígido Iriarte Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  49. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 313. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  50. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 320. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  51. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 309. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  52. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 308. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  53. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. pp. 314–315. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  54. Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad (1955). Sulo Kolkka (ed.). The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952 (PDF). Alex Matson. Porvoo (Finland): Werner Söderström Osakeyhtiö. pp. 248, 258–259, 314–315, 721, 735. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  55. The International Olympic Committee. "Helsinki 1952 triple jump men". Archived from the original on 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  56. The International Olympic Committee. "Da Silva's record-breaking streak to triple jump gold". Archived from the original on 2016-09-27. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  57. Baget Herms, José M.ª (1976). "XV Olimpiada". In Joaquín Navarro (ed.). Enciclopedia Salvat de los Deportes (in Spanish). 10. Barcelona, Spain: Salvat Editores, S.A. p. 2796. ISBN   84-345-3744-3.
  58. Contreras, Richard A. (2 January 1997). "Dijo adiós el primer medallista: Devonish, pionero de campeones". Diario El Universal (Caracas, Venezuela).
  59. "Asnoldo Devonish: El atleta zuliano que se hizo leyenda en Helsinki". Agencia Venezolana de Noticias. 20 April 2012. Archived from the original on 30 September 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  60. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 327. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  61. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. pp. 328–329. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  62. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 396. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  63. 1 2 "Venezuela Boxing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  64. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 402. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  65. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 404. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  66. "Vicente Matute Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  67. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 407. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  68. "Salomon Carrizales Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  69. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 408. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  70. "Sergio Gascue Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  71. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 411. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  72. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 540. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  73. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 546. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  74. "Andoni Ituarte Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  75. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 544. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  76. "Luis Toro Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  77. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 548. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  78. "Venezuela Cycling at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  79. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 471. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  80. "Esgrimistas venezolanos buscarán acabar con la sequía en Londres". www.araguavirtual.com. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  81. 1 2 3 4 5 "Venezuela Fencing at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  82. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 480. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  83. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 475. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  84. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 490. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  85. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 485. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  86. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 499. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  87. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 493. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  88. Arias (Coordinador), Fidias G.; D'Amico (Editora), Rosa López de (2019-02-19). Mujer y Deporte (in Spanish). Fidias G. Arias Odón. pp. 77–78. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  89. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 503. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  90. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 455. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  91. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 454. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  92. 1 2 "Hector de Lima Polanco Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  93. "Carlos Marrero Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  94. 1 2 3 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 457. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  95. "Herman Barreto Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  96. "Carlos Monteverde Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  97. 1 2 3 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 458. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  98. 1 2 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 461. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  99. "Rigoberto Rivero Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  100. 1 2 3 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 462. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  101. 1 2 3 4 "Humberto Briceño Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  102. 1 2 3 "Rafael Arnal Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  103. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. pp. 464–467. Retrieved 2020-01-21.
  104. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 346. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  105. 1 2 3 4 "Ignacio Lugo Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  106. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 354. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  107. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 355. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  108. 1 2 "Pio Chirinos Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  109. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 360. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  110. "Rodolfo Padron Bio, Stats, and Results". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-01-14. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  111. "Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad, Helsinki, 1952". digital.la84.org. p. 362. Archived from the original on 2020-12-16. Retrieved 2020-01-20.