1972 Winter Olympics

Last updated

XI Olympic Winter Games
1972 Winter Olympics.svg
Host city Sapporo, Japan
Nations35
Athletes1,006 (801 men, 205 women)
Events35 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
OpeningFebruary 3
ClosingFebruary 13
Opened by
Cauldron
Hideki Takada
Stadium Makomanai Open Stadium
Winter
Grenoble 1968 Innsbruck 1976
Summer
Mexico City 1968 Munich 1972

The 1972 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XI Olympic Winter Games (Japanese: 第十一回オリンピック冬季競技大会, Dai Jūichi-kai Orinpikku Tōkikyōgi Taikai) (French: Les XIes Jeux olympiques d'hiver), was a winter multi-sport event held from February 3 to February 13, 1972, in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It was the first Winter Olympic Games to take place outside Europe and North America.

Contents

Host city selection

Sapporo first won the rights to host the 1940 Winter Olympics, but Japan resigned as the Games' host after its 1937 invasion of China. The 1940 Games were later cancelled. All the cities awarded Games that were cancelled due to war have since hosted the Games (London, Tokyo, Helsinki, Sapporo and Cortina d'Ampezzo).

Sapporo competed with Banff, Lahti, and Salt Lake City. The Games were awarded at the 64th IOC Session in Rome, Italy, on April 26, 1966.

In preparation, the Japanese constructed new largescale facilities at Sapporo and conducted a trial run a full year in advance of the Games. An international sport week was held in February, 1971, to assess the city's preparations as well as "to test its civic mettle and hospitality", and this effort was acclaimed by Olympic observers as "a complete success". [1] The development of new infrastructure proved to be a huge boon for the Sapporo economy: by the time of the Games, the national government had invested some US$500 million in upgrades, including a new subway. [1] The Games' organizers themselves turned a healthy profit in part because they arranged a record $8.47 million for broadcast rights. [2]

1972 Winter Olympics bidding result [3]
CityCountryRound 1
Sapporo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 32
Banff & Calgary Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 16
Lahti Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 7
Salt Lake City Flag of the United States.svg  United States 7

Highlights

The official poster of the 1972 Winter Olympics Sapporo 1972 poster.png
The official poster of the 1972 Winter Olympics

Venues

¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.

Sports

There were 35 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

Participating nations

35 nations participated in the 1972 Winter Olympics. The Republic of China (commonly known as Taiwan) and the Philippines participated in their first Winter Olympic Games.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

Medal count

These are the top eleven nations that won medals at these Games. The host nation Japan finished 11th.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 85316
2Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 43714
3Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 43310
4Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 4329
5Flag of the United States.svg  United States 3238
6Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 3115
7Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 25512
8Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2215
9Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1225
10Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1124
11Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan*1113
Totals (11 nations)33283091

Podium sweeps

DateSportEventNOCGoldSilverBronze
6 February Ski jumping Normal hill individual Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan Yukio Kasaya Akitsugu Konno Seiji Aochi
7 February Luge Women's singles Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Anna-Maria Müller Ute Rührold Margit Schumann
7 February Luge Men's singles Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Wolfgang Scheidel Harald Ehrig Wolfram Fiedler

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (1996). Historical dictionary of the modern Olympic movement . Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. p.  285. ISBN   0-313-28477-6 . Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  2. 1 2 Washington Post
  3. "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on January 24, 2011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.
  4. www.Olympic.org
  5. Infoplease-Sapporo
  6. aolhometown Archived June 18, 2007, at archive.today
Preceded by
Grenoble
Winter Olympics
Sapporo

XI Olympic Winter Games (1972)
Succeeded by
Innsbruck

Related Research Articles

Winter Olympic Games Major international sporting event

The Winter Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practiced on snow and ice. The first Winter Olympic Games, the 1924 Winter Olympics, were held in Chamonix, France. The modern Olympic Games were inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Summer Olympic Games in Athens, Greece in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.

1948 Winter Olympics 5th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Sankt Moritz (Switzerland) in 1948

The 1948 Winter Olympics, officially known as the V Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event held from 30 January to 8 February 1948 in St. Moritz, Switzerland. The Games were the first to be celebrated after World War II; it had been twelve years since the last Winter Games in 1936.

2006 Winter Olympics

The 2006 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XX Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Torino 2006 or Turin 2006, was a winter multi-sport event held from 10 to 26 February 2006 in Turin, Piedmont, Italy. This marked the second time that Italy had hosted the Winter Olympics, the first being in 1956 in Cortina d'Ampezzo. Italy had also hosted the Summer Olympics in 1960 in Rome. Turin was selected as the host city for the 2006 Games in June 1999.

1998 Winter Olympics 1998 multi-sport event in Nagano, Japan, and surrounding communities

The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVIII Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Nagano 1998, was a winter multi-sport event held from 7 to 22 February 1998, mainly in Nagano, Japan, with some events taking place in the nearby mountain communities of Hakuba, Karuizawa, Nozawa Onsen, and Yamanouuchi. The city of Nagano had previously been a candidate to host the 1940 Winter Olympics, as well as the 1972 Winter Olympics, but had been eliminated at the national level by Sapporo on both occasions.

1994 Winter Olympics 17th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Lillehammer (Norway) in 1994

The 1994 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVII Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Lillehammer '94, was an international winter multi-sport event held from 12 to 27 February 1994 in and around Lillehammer, Norway. Having lost the bid for the 1992 Winter Olympics to Albertville in France, Lillehammer was awarded the 1994 Winter Games on 15 September 1988, at the 94th IOC Session in Seoul, South Korea. This was the only Winter Olympics to take place two years after the previous edition of the Winter Games, and the first to be held in a different year from the Summer Olympics. Lillehammer '94 was the second Winter Games hosted in Norway—the first being the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo—and the fourth Olympics overall to be held in a Nordic country, after the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden, and the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. Lillehammer is the most northerly city ever to host the Olympic Games.

1980 Winter Olympics 13th edition of Olympic Winter Games, held in Lake Placid, New York, USA between 13-24 February 1980

The 1980 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIII Olympic Winter Games, was a multi-sport event which was celebrated from February 13 to February 24, 1980, in Lake Placid, New York, United States. This was the second time the Upstate New York village hosted the Games, after 1932. The only other candidate city to bid for the Games was Vancouver-Garibaldi, British Columbia, Canada, which withdrew before the final vote

1984 Winter Olympics 14th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Sarajevo (Yugoslavia) in 1984

The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Sarajevo '84, was a winter multi-sport event held between 8 and 19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, SFR Yugoslavia, in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the first Winter Olympic Games held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country. It was the second consecutive Olympic Games to be held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country, after the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union. It was also the first Olympics to take place in the Balkans since the first Olympic Games in Athens.

1960 Winter Olympics 8th edition of Winter Olympics, in the USA in 1960

The 1960 Winter Olympics was a winter multi-sport event held from February 18 to February 29, 1960, in Squaw Valley, California, United States. The resort was chosen to host the Games at the 1956 meeting of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Squaw Valley was an undeveloped resort in 1955, so the infrastructure and all of the venues were built at a cost of US$80 million between 1956 and 1960. The layout was designed to be intimate, allowing spectators and competitors to reach most of the venues on foot.

1936 Winter Olympics 4th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen (Germany) in 1936

The 1936 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IV Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event held from 6 to 16 February 1936 in the market town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Bavaria, Germany. The country also hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics, which were held in Berlin. It was the last year in which the Summer and Winter Games both took place in the same country.

1964 Winter Olympics 9th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Innsbruck (Austria) in 1964

The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from January 29 to February 9, 1964. The Games included 1091 athletes from 36 nations, and the Olympic Torch was carried by Joseph Rieder, a former alpine skier who had participated in the 1956 Winter Olympics.

1976 Winter Olympics 12th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Innsbruck (Austria) in 1976

The 1976 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XII Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from February 4 to February 15, 1976. The Games were awarded to Innsbruck after Denver, the original host city, withdrew in 1972. This was the second time the Tyrolean capital had hosted the Winter Olympics, having first done so in 1964.

The 1972 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XI Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event held in Sapporo, Japan, from 3 to 13 February 1972. A total of 1,006 athletes representing 35 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in 35 events from 10 different sports and disciplines.

Australia at the Winter Olympics Participation of Australia in the Winter Olympics

Australia first competed in the Winter Olympic Games in 1936 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, and has participated in every games since, with the exception of the 1948 Games in St. Moritz.

Alpine skiing at the 1972 Winter Olympics 1972 edition of the ski jumping competitions during the Olympic Winter Games

Alpine skiing at the 1972 Winter Olympics consisted of six events, held February 5–13 near Sapporo, Japan. The downhills were held at Mount Eniwa, and the four technical events at Teine.

This article contains a chronological summary of major events from the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Canada.

For the 1972 Winter Olympics in Sapporo, Japan, a total of twelve sports venues were used. A thirteenth venue which was a reserved luge course was constructed, but never used in actual competition. Construction on all but of the venues used took place between 1968 and early 1971 in time for the test events. The Tsuskisamu Indoor Skating Rink was not completed until late 1971 or early 1972 because the number of teams scheduled to compete at the 1972 Games was not known. At the actual luge venue used, a malfunctioning starting gate during the first run led to the results being cancelled and rerun being ordered. The results of this event led to the only tie in Olympic luge history. The ski jumps at Miyanomori and Okurayama served as host venues for the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships thirty-five years later.

Venues of the 1998 Winter Olympics

For the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan, a total of fifteen sports venues were used. Nagano had attempted twice to host the Winter Olympics, losing out to Sapporo, host of the 1972 Winter Olympics. The third time, in 1991, Nagano edged out Salt Lake City to host the 1998 Games. The biathlon venue was adjusted in accordance with the Washington Convention over endangered species. The biggest venue controversy was at Happo'one resort on the length of the men's downhill and the battle that ensued to the point where skiing officials threatened to pull the event entirely before a compromise was reached three months before the Olympics. M-Wave has hosted three World Speed Skating Championships since the Olympics, while the Spiral has hosted a couple of world championships in bobsleigh, luge and skeleton.

Sapporo Teine

Sapporo Teine (サッポロテイネ) is a recreational center in Teine-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. It comprises many facilities, such as the ski resort, the Teineyama Ropeway, and the Sapporo Teine Golf Club fields.

Helsinki bid for the 2006 Winter Olympics

Helsinki 2006 was a joint bid for the 2006 Winter Olympics presented by the city of Helsinki and Finnish Olympic Committee. Some of the proposed venues were located in Lillehammer, Norway.

2024 Winter Youth Olympics 2024 edition of the Winter Youth Olympics

The 2024 Winter Youth Olympics, officially known as the IV Winter Youth Olympic Games and commonly known as Gangwon 2024, will be the fourth edition of the Winter Youth Olympics, an international sports, education and cultural festival for teenagers, to be held between 19 January and 2 February 2024 in Gangwon, South Korea. The host city was announced at the 135th IOC Session on 10 January 2020 at the SwissTech Convention Center in Lausanne, Switzerland during the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics. This is the first Olympic event with the new bidding process. This will also be the first Winter Youth Olympic Games to be held outside of Europe.