1984 Winter Olympics

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XIV Olympic Winter Games
1984 Winter Olympics logo.svg
Logo of the 1984 Winter Olympics [lower-alpha 1]
Host city Sarajevo, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia
Nations49
Athletes1,272 (998 men, 274 women)
Events39 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening8 February
Closing19 February
Opened by
Cauldron
Stadium Koševo Stadium
Winter
Lake Placid 1980 Calgary 1988
Summer
Moscow 1980 Los Angeles 1984

The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games (French : XIVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver; Serbo-Croatian : XIV. zimske olimpijske igre / XIV Зимске олимпијске игре; Macedonian : XIV Зимски олимписки игри; Slovene : XIV olimpijske zimske igre) and commonly known as Sarajevo '84, was a winter multi-sport event held between 8 and 19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, SFR Yugoslavia, in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the first Winter Olympic Games held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country. It was the second consecutive Olympic Games to be held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country, after the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union. It was also the first Olympics to take place in the Balkans since the first Olympic Games in Athens.

Contents

Host city selection

The host city for the XIV Olympic Winter Games was announced on 18 May 1978, during the 80th session of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in Athens, Greece. Sarajevo was selected by a margin of three votes over Sapporo, Japan, which had hosted the Winter Games 12 years earlier. Gothenburg became the first Swedish city to lose a Winter Olympics bid; other Swedish cities, such as Falun and Östersund, would later lose consecutive bids to Calgary (1988), Albertville (1992), Lillehammer (1994), Nagano (1998), and Salt Lake City (2002), respectively. Sarajevo, the capital of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, was part of the united Yugoslavia at the time.

1984 Winter Olympics bidding results [1]
CityCountryRound 1Round 2
Sarajevo Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 3139
Sapporo Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 3336
Gothenburg Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 10

Torch relay

Olympic torch, Sarajevo 1984 Olympic torch Sarajevo 1984.jpg
Olympic torch, Sarajevo 1984

The torch relay for the 1984 Winter Olympics started in Olympia and then proceeded by airplane to Dubrovnik. The total distance of the torch relay through Yugoslavia was 5,289 kilometres (3,286 mi) plus 2,879 kilometres (1,789 mi) of local routes. There were two main routes: one in the west (SplitLjubljanaZagrebSarajevo), 2,602 kilometres (1,617 mi) in length; and the other in the east (SkopjeNovi SadBelgrade – Sarajevo), 2,687 kilometres (1,670 mi) in length. The final torchbearer, from a total of 1600, was figure skater Sanda Dubravčić, who received the torch from skier runner Ivo Čarman. One of the two original torches is held in a private collection in Žalec, Slovenia. There are also 20 more torches in Greece, owned by individual athletes who were the torchbearers from Ancient Olympia to the nearby military airport and from Athens Domestic Airport to the Panathinaikon Stadium where the Ceremony of handing over the Olympic Flame to the Sarajevo Olympic Games Committee occurred. [ citation needed ]

Panoramic view of Kosevo Stadium during the 1984 Winter Olympics opening ceremony 1984 Winter Olympics opening ceremony at Kosevo Stadium, Sarajevo.jpg
Panoramic view of Koševo Stadium during the 1984 Winter Olympics opening ceremony

Highlights

The official poster of the 1984 Winter Olympics Sarajevo 1984 poster.png
The official poster of the 1984 Winter Olympics

Official mascot

Readers of Yugoslav newspapers were asked to choose the mascot for the 1984 Winter Olympics from a list of six finalists. The winner was Vučko, the little wolf, designed by Slovenian designer and illustrator Jože Trobec. The other finalists were a chipmunk, a lamb, a mountain goat, a porcupine, and a snowball. [7] The Vučko is a long-time symbol of Sarajevo.[ citation needed ]

Venues

Bjelasnica alpine mountain Bijelasnica2.jpg
Bjelašnica alpine mountain
Igman Olympic Jumps Igman.jpg
Igman Olympic Jumps
Olympic Symbol damaged during the Bosnian War Sarajevo Olympic Symbol.jpg
Olympic Symbol damaged during the Bosnian War

City venues

Skenderija Complex:

Mountain venues

Other facilities

Competitive events

There were 39 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

Demonstration sport

Calendar

All dates are in Central European Time (UTC+1)
OCOpening ceremonyEvent competitions1Event finalsCCClosing ceremony
February7th
Tue
8th
Wed
9th
Thu
10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
13th
Mon
14th
Tue
15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
Events
Olympic Rings Icon.svg CeremoniesOCCCN/A
Alpine skiing pictogram.svg Alpine skiing 112116
Biathlon pictogram.svg Biathlon 1113
Bobsleigh pictogram.svg Bobsleigh 112
Cross country skiing pictogram.svg Cross country skiing 111111118
Figure skating pictogram.svg Figure skating 11114
Ice hockey pictogram.svg Ice hockey 11
Luge pictogram.svg Luge 213
Nordic combined pictogram.svg Nordic combined 11
Ski jumping pictogram.svg Ski jumping 112
Speed skating pictogram.svg Speed skating 121111119
Daily medal events2327343525339
Cumulative total2571417212429313639
February7th
Tue
8th
Wed
9th
Thu
10th
Fri
11th
Sat
12th
Sun
13th
Mon
14th
Tue
15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
Total events

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1984 Winter Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR)99624
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)610925
3Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)4408
4Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)43613
5Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)4228
6Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)3249
7Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)2215
8Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)2114
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany  (FRG)2114
10Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)2002
Totals (10 nations)383430102

Podium sweeps

DateSportEventNOCGoldSilverBronze
12 February Luge Women's singles Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Steffi Walter-Martin Bettina Schmidt Ute Oberhoffner-Weiß
15 February Speed skating Women's 3000 metres Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Andrea Schöne Karin Enke Gabi Schönbrunn

Participants

A then record of 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) entered athletes at the 1984 Winter Olympic Games.

Egypt, Monaco, Puerto Rico, Senegal, and the British Virgin Islands participated in their 1st Winter Olympic Games.

The People's Republic of China ended its boycott of the Olympic Games over the controversy regarding the IOC's recognition of the Republic of China. The Republic of China (Taiwan) then competed as Chinese Taipei for the first time.

Participating National Olympic Committees

See also

Notes

  1. The emblem symbolizes a stylized snowflake, as well as the embroidery produced in the Sarajevo region with the Olympic rings above.
  2. The 6.0 judging system has since been replaced with the ISU Judging System, therefore no other figure skater will earn perfect 6.0 scores in the future.

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1936 Winter Olympics

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1984 Winter Paralympics

The 1984 Winter Paralympic Games were the third Winter Paralympics. They were held from 14 to 20 January 1984 in Innsbruck, Austria. They were the first Winter Games organized by the International Co-ordinating Committee (ICC), which was formed on 15 March 1982, in Leysin, Switzerland. These Games were accessible for all athletes with cerebral palsy. Three sports were contested: alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, and ice sledge speed racing. The most successful athlete was German alpine skier Reinhild Moeller, who won 3 gold medals and 1 silver medal. The Games, then known as the Third World Winter Games for the Disabled, were fully sanctioned by the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

Bjelašnica

Bjelašnica is a mountain in central Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is found directly to the southwest of Sarajevo, bordering Mt. Igman. Bjelašnica's tallest peak, by which the whole mountain group got its name, rises to an elevation of 2067 meters (6782 feet). Other notable peaks are Krvavac, Mali Vlahinja, and Hranisava. The Bjelašnica range is bordered by the Rakitnica in the south, the Neretva in the west, Mt Igman in the north-east and Mt Ivan in the north-west. Only at 20 minutes distance of Sarajevo, it is a tourist attraction for hiking and skiing.

Jure Franko is a Slovenian-Yugoslav former alpine skier, best known for winning a giant slalom silver medal at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.

The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event held in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, from 8 to 19 February 1984. A total of 1,272 athletes representing 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in 39 events from 10 different sports and disciplines. First time NOCs to enter were Egypt, Monaco, Puerto Rico, Senegal, and British Virgin Islands.

Jayne Torvill English ice skater

Jayne Torvill, OBE is an English professional ice dancer and former competitor. With Christopher Dean, she won a gold medal at the 1984 Winter Olympics and a bronze medal at the 1994 Winter Olympics, becoming one of the oldest figure skating Olympic medalists.

Christopher Dean English ice dancer

Christopher Colin Dean, OBE is a British ice dancer who won a gold medal at the 1984 Winter Olympics with his skating partner Jayne Torvill. They also won a bronze medal at the 1994 Winter Olympics.

Figure skating at the 1984 Winter Olympics took place at the Zetra Olympic Hall in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean won gold for Great Britain, receiving twelve perfect scores (6.0) for artistic impression in the free dance segment of the ice dance competition, a feat that was never matched.

Alpine skiing at the 1984 Winter Olympics

Alpine Skiing at the 1984 Winter Olympics consisted of six alpine skiing events, held 13–19 February in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. The men's races were at Bjelašnica and the women's at Jahorina. Due to weather delays, both downhill races were postponed several days and run after the giant slalom races.

Speed skating at the 1984 Winter Olympics was held from 9 to 18 February. Nine events were contested at Zetra Ice Rink.

Debra Rae "Debbie" Armstrong is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from Seattle, Washington. She was the first gold medalist from the U.S. in women's alpine skiing in 12 years, winning the giant slalom at the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.

Steven Irving Mahre is a former World Cup alpine ski racer and younger twin brother of ski racer Phil Mahre.

Monaco at the 1984 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Monaco sent a delegation to compete in the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia from 8–19 February 1984. This was the first time the principality had participated in a Winter Olympic Games, The Monégasque delegation consisted of a single alpine skier, David Lajoux. He failed to finish the men's slalom, and came in 47th place in the men's downhill.

For the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, a total of nine sports venues were used. The idea for the Games came around from a 1968 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development study on promoting winter tourism in Yugoslavia. After Sarajevo was awarded the 1984 Games in 1978, venue construction and renovation took place between 1979 and 1983. Weather postponed the men's downhill alpine skiing event three times before it was finally run. The men's cross-country skiing 30 km event was run during a blizzard. After the games, all but one of the venues were damaged during the Bosnian War and the Siege of Sarajevo. After the war, Zetra Ice Hall was rebuilt and is in use as of 2010.

Sarajevo 2010 was an unsuccessful bid by Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Olympic Committee of Bosnia and Herzegovina to host the 2010 Winter Olympics. It was one of eight candidates, but failed to be short-listed. Sarajevo was the only candidate to previously have hosted the games, having held the 1984 Winter Olympics.

Sarajevo Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track

Sarajevo Olympic Bobsleigh and Luge Track is a bobsleigh and luge track situated on Trebević mountain overlooking the City of Sarajevo, built for the 1984 Winter Olympics.

Sport in Yugoslavia

Sport in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had significant role in its culture and society. Team sports such as football, basketball, handball, volleyball and water polo had the biggest popularity. Of individual sports the most popular were tennis, athletics, alpine skiing, swimming, table tennis, ski jumping, chess... Yugoslavia made its debut at the Summer Olympics in 1920. Until its break up in 1992, it competed in 16 Summer and 14 Winter Olympic games and won a total of 87 medals in various summer and winter sports. Yugoslavia hosted its first and the only Winter Olympic games in 1984 in Sarajevo when Jure Franko won country's first Winter Olympic medal, silver in alpine skiing.

The 15 kilometre cross-country skiing event was part of the cross-country skiing programme at the 1984 Winter Olympics, in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia. It was the eighth appearance of the event at its length of 15 km. The competition was held on Monday, 13 February 1984 at Veliko Polje, Igman. Of the 91 athletes who started the race, 8 did not finish or were disqualified.

References

  1. "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  2. Sarajevo Olympics 1984 opening ceremony on YouTube
  3. "Giant Slalom Star Franko Thrills Yugoslavia". olympic.org. 14 February 1984. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  4. Tagliabue, John (20 February 1984). "Mahre twins win slalom medals as the Olympics end in Sarajevo". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  5. "Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean: Perfection on ice". olympic.org. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  6. Davison, Phil (5 February 2016). "Bill Johnson: First male skier from outside the Alpine nations to win Olympic downhill gold who later crashed disastrously". The Independent. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
  7. Those Loony Olympic Mascots, Time Olympics, 21 May 2010
Preceded by
Lake Placid
Winter Olympics
Sarajevo

XIV Olympic Winter Games (1984)
Succeeded by
Calgary