1936 Winter Olympics

Last updated
IV Olympic Winter Games
1936 Winter Olympics.svg
Logo of the 1936 Winter Olympics [lower-alpha 1]
Host city Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Nations28
Athletes646 (566 men, 80 women)
Events17 in 4 sports (8 disciplines)
Opening6 February
Closing16 February
Opened by
Stadium Große Olympiaschanze
Winter
Lake Placid 1932 St. Moritz 1948
Sapporo 1940
Summer
Los Angeles 1932 Berlin 1936

The 1936 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IV Olympic Winter Games (French: Les IVes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (German: Olympische Winterspiele 1936), were a winter multi-sport event held from 6 to 16 February 1936 in the market town of Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Bavaria, Germany. The country also hosted the 1936 Summer Olympics, which were held in Berlin. It was the last year in which the Summer and Winter Games both took place in the same country (the cancelled 1940 Olympics would have been held in Japan, with Tokyo hosting the Summer Games and Sapporo hosting the Winter Games).

Contents

The 1936 Winter Games were organized on behalf of the German League of the Reich for Physical Exercise (DRL) by Karl Ritter von Halt, who had been named president of the committee for the organization of the Fourth Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen by Reichssportführer Hans von Tschammer und Osten.

Highlights

Opening Ceremony with Rudolf Hess, president of IOC count Henri de Baillet-Latour, and Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv R 8076 Bild-0019, Olympische Winterspiele.- Eroffnung.jpg
Opening Ceremony with Rudolf Hess, president of IOC count Henri de Baillet-Latour, and Adolf Hitler

Sports

Medals were awarded in 17 events contested in 4 sports (8 disciplines).

Demonstration sports

Venues

Participating nations

28 nations sent athletes to compete in Germany. Australia, Bulgaria, Greece, Liechtenstein, Spain, and Turkey all made their Winter Olympic debut in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, and Estonia, Latvia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and Yugoslavia all returned to the Games after having missed the 1932 Winter Olympics.

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees (from highest to lowest)

Medal count

Norwegian figure skater Sonja Henie Bundesarchiv Bild 102-09482, Sonja Henie.jpg
Norwegian figure skater Sonja Henie

  *   Host nation (Germany)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 75315
2Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany*3306
3Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2237
4Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 1236
5Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 1203
6Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 1124
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1113
8US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 1034
9Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada 0101
10Flag of France.svg  France 0011
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary 0011
Totals (11 nations)17171751

Podium sweeps

DateSportEventNOCGoldSilverBronze
13 February Nordic combined Individual Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Oddbjørn Hagen Olaf Hoffsbakken Sverre Brodahl
15 February Cross-country skiing Men's 50 kilometre Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Elis Wiklund Axel Wikström Nils-Joel Englund

See also

Related Research Articles

1948 Winter Olympics 5th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Sankt Moritz (Switzerland) in 1948

The 1948 Winter Olympics, officially known as the V Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event held from 30 January to 8 February 1948 in St. Moritz, Switzerland. The Games were the first to be celebrated after World War II; it had been twelve years since the last Winter Games in 1936.

1928 Winter Olympics 2nd edition of Winter Olympics, held in Sankt Moritz (Switzerland)

The 1928 Winter Olympics, officially known as the II Olympic Winter Games, was an international winter multi-sport event that was celebrated from 11 to 19 February 1928 in St. Moritz, Switzerland.

1984 Winter Olympics 14th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Sarajevo (Yugoslavia) in 1984

The 1984 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XIV Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Sarajevo '84, was a winter multi-sport event held between 8 and 19 February 1984 in Sarajevo, SFR Yugoslavia, in what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was the first Winter Olympic Games held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country. It was the second consecutive Olympic Games to be held in a socialist state and in a Slavic language-speaking country, after the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union. It was also the first Olympics to take place in the Balkans since the first Olympic Games in Athens.

1952 Winter Olympics 6th Winter Olympics, held in Oslo, Norway

The 1952 Winter Olympics, officially known as the VI Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event held from 14 to 25 February 1952 in Oslo, the capital of Norway.

1956 Winter Olympics 7th Winter Olympics, held in Cortina dAmpezzo, Italy

The 1956 Winter Olympics officially known as the VII Olympic Winter Games, was a multi-sport event held in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy, from 26 January to 5 February 1956.

1964 Winter Olympics 9th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Innsbruck (Austria) in 1964

The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from January 29 to February 9, 1964. The Games included 1091 athletes from 36 nations, and the Olympic Torch was carried by Joseph Rieder, a former alpine skier who had participated in the 1956 Winter Olympics.

The 1972 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XI Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event held from February 3 to February 13, 1972, in Sapporo, Hokkaidō, Japan. It was the first Winter Olympic Games to take place outside Europe and North America.

1976 Winter Olympics 12th edition of Winter Olympics, held in Innsbruck (Austria) in 1976

The 1976 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XII Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from February 4 to February 15, 1976. The Games were awarded to Innsbruck after Denver, the original host city, withdrew in 1972. This was the second time the Tyrolean capital had hosted the Winter Olympics, having first done so in 1964.

Canada at the 1936 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Canada competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. Canada has competed at every Winter Olympic Games.

United States at the 1936 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

The United States competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Norway at the 1936 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Norway competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Switzerland at the 1936 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Switzerland competed at the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Germany at the 1936 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Nazi Germany was the host nation for the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

Germany at the Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Athletes from Germany (GER) have appeared in only 20 of the 22 editions of the Winter Olympic Games as they were not invited to two events after the World Wars, in 1924 and 1948. Germany hosted the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen and had been selected to host in 1940 again.

Poland at the Olympics Sporting event delegation

Poland first participated at the Olympic Games in 1924, and has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except for the 1984 Games, when they were part of the Soviet-led boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics. Poland has also participated in every Winter Olympic Games.

2020 Winter Youth Olympics 3rd Winter Youth Olympic Games, held in Lausanne, Switzerland

The 2020 Winter Youth Olympic Games, officially known as the III Winter Youth Olympic Games and commonly known as Lausanne 2020, was the third edition of the Winter Youth Olympics; a major international multi-sport event and cultural festival for teenagers was held in Lausanne, Switzerland, the home of the International Olympic Committee, between 9 and 22 January 2020.

For the 1936 Winter Olympics in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, a total of six sports venues were used. Alpine skiing events took place for the first time and were held in three different locations. Riessersee held the speed skating and some of the ice hockey matches while the bobsleigh events took place south of the lake. The ski jump and its neighboring stadium played host to the cross-country skiing, Nordic combined, and ski jumping events. Even though figure skating and some of the ice hockey matches took place outdoors at the ice stadium, the ice itself was artificially refrigerated to prevent ice thawing.

Venues of the 2018 Winter Olympics and Paralympics

The compactness of the venue locations for the 2018 Winter Olympics and 2018 Winter Paralympics, hosted by the county of Pyeongchang, was one of the winning arguments of the bid. The Games were gathered around two main venues: these were the mountain resort of Alpensia in Pyeongchang for the outdoor (snow) sports and the coastal city of Gangneung for the indoor (ice) sports There were also two stand-alone mountain venues.

2024 Winter Youth Olympics 2024 edition of the Winter Youth Olympics

The 2024 Winter Youth Olympics, officially known as the IV Winter Youth Olympic Games and commonly known as Gangwon 2024, will be the fourth edition of the Winter Youth Olympics, an international sports, education and cultural festival for teenagers, to be held between 19 January and 2 February 2024 in Gangwon, South Korea. The host city was announced at the 135th IOC Session on 10 January 2020 at the SwissTech Convention Center in Lausanne, Switzerland during the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics. This is the first Olympic event with the new bidding process. This will also be the first Winter Youth Olympic Games to be held outside of Europe.

References

Notes

  1. The 1936 Olympic Logo comprises the Olympic rings in the foreground and the summit of the Garmisch-Partenkirchen Alps with a ski track leading to the mountains in the background. Around, there is the inscription "IV. OLYMPISCHE WINTERSPIELE 1936
    GARMISCH-PARTENKIRCHEN"

Citations

    Further reading

    Preceded by
    Lake Placid
    Winter Olympics
    Garmisch-Partenkirchen

    IV Olympic Winter Games (1936)
    Succeeded by
    Sapporo
    cancelled due to World War II