Alpine skiing combined

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Combined is an event in alpine ski racing. A traditional combined competition consists of one run of downhill and two runs of slalom, each discipline run on separate days. The winner is the skier with the fastest aggregate time. (Until the 1990s, a complicated point system was used to determine placings in the combined event.) A modified version, the super combined, is a speed race (downhill or super-G) and only one run of slalom, with both portions scheduled on the same day.

Contents

History

The first World Championships in 1931 did not include the combined event, but it was added to the program in 1932. Alpine skiing at the Winter Olympics was not included until 1936, and the combined was the only event. The combined was one of three medal events at the next Olympics in 1948, along with downhill and slalom. The combined used the results of the only downhill race with two runs of combined slalom. The regular slalom (two runs) was held the following day.

With the introduction of giant slalom at the world championships in 1950, the combined event disappeared from the Olympics for four decades, until re-introduced in 1988. From 1948 through 1980, the Winter Olympics also served as the world championships, with two sets of medals awarded. The world champion in the combined was determined "on paper" by the results of the three races of downhill, giant slalom, and slalom. The top three finishers in the combined event were awarded world championship medals by the FIS, but not Olympic medals from the IOC. This three-race paper method was used from 1954 through 1980; no FIS medals were awarded for the combined in 1950 or 1952. A separate downhill and slalom for the combined event was added to the world championships in 1982, and the Olympics in 1988.

The world championships were held annually from 1931 through 1939, were interrupted by World War II, and resumed as a biennial event at the 1948 Olympics, held in even-numbered years through 1982. They skipped the 1984 Olympics and have been scheduled for odd-numbered years since 1985. (The 1995 event was postponed to 1996, due to lack of snow in southeastern Spain.)

At the Winter Olympics and world championships, the slalom and downhill portions of a combined event are run separately from the regular downhill and slalom events on shorter, and often less demanding, race courses. On the World Cup circuit, traditional combined events have been "paper races," combining skiers' times from a separately scheduled downhill race and slalom race, generally held at the same location over two days. In 2005, the FIS began to replace these "calculated" combineds with super combined events, held on one day, which administrators hope will result in increased participation. [1]

Super Combined

A modified version, the super combined, is a speed race (downhill or super-G) and only one run of slalom, with both portions scheduled on the same day.

World Cup

The first super combined was a World Cup race held in 2005 in Wengen, Switzerland, on January 14; Benjamin Raich of Austria was the winner. The first women's race in the new format was run six weeks later in San Sicario, Italy; won by Croatia's Janica Kostelić on February 27. The 2006 World Cup calendar included three super combineds and just one traditional combined race on the men's side, while the women raced two super combineds and no traditional combineds. Kostelić won the first three women's World Cup super combineds.

Beginning with the 2007 season, the FIS began awarding a fifth discipline-champion "crystal globe" to the points winner of combined races; the 2007 season included five combined races for each gender. [2] Nine out of the ten scheduled combineds use the new super-combined format, the only exception was Kitzbühel, Austria, which continued with the traditional two-run format (K), albeit in a "paper race." The change to super combined expectedly resulted in major disapproval from the slalom specialists, the loudest critic being Ivica Kostelić. Even with the change to a single slalom run, many speed skiers believe the technical racers have the advantage in the super combined. [3] [4]

World Championships and Winter Olympics

The super combined format debuted at the world championships in 2007 in Åre, Sweden, and at the Winter Olympics in 2010 at Whistler, Canada.

Men's World Cup podiums

In the following table men's combined (super combined from 2007) World Cup podiums in the World Cup since first edition in 1976. [5]

  No trophy
Season1st2nd3rd
1976 Flag of Switzerland.svg Walter Tresch Flag of Italy.svg Gustav Thöni Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Jim Hunter
1977 Flag of Germany.svg Sepp Ferstl Flag of Switzerland.svg Walter Tresch
Flag of Italy.svg Gustav Thöni
1978 not contested
1979 Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel Flag of Switzerland.svg Peter Lüscher Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre
1980 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel Flag of Austria.svg Anton Steiner
1981 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel Flag of Switzerland.svg Peter Müller
1982 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel Flag of Norway.svg Even Hole
1983 Flag of the United States.svg Phil Mahre Flag of Switzerland.svg Peter Lüscher Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli
1984 Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Austria.svg Anton Steiner
1985 Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel Flag of Switzerland.svg Franz Heinzer Flag of Switzerland.svg Peter Müller
1986 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier
1987 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Andreas Wenzel
1988 Flag of Austria.svg Hubert Strolz Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of France.svg Franck Piccard
1989 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen
1990 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Switzerland.svg Paul Accola Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier
1991 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader
1992 Flag of Switzerland.svg Paul Accola Flag of Austria.svg Hubert Strolz Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier
1993 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt
1994 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus Flag of Norway.svg Harald Strand Nilsen
1995 Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Norway.svg Harald Strand Nilsen Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
1996 Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Italy.svg Alessandro Fattori
1997 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader
1998 Flag of Austria.svg Werner Franz Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt
Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier
1999 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt
Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
Flag of Austria.svg Werner Franz
2000 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Sweden.svg Fredrik Nyberg
2001 Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt
Flag of Austria.svg Michael Walchhofer
2002 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus Flag of Slovenia.svg Andrej Jerman
2003 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt
Flag of Austria.svg Michael Walchhofer
2004 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
2005 Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Défago
2006 Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller
Flag of Austria.svg Michael Walchhofer
2007 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Switzerland.svg Marc Berthod Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić
2008 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić Flag of Switzerland.svg Daniel Albrecht
2009 Flag of Switzerland.svg Carlo Janka Flag of Switzerland.svg Silvan Zurbriggen Flag of Austria.svg Romed Baumann
2010 Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich Flag of Switzerland.svg Carlo Janka Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić
2011 Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić Flag of Italy.svg Christof Innerhofer Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud
2012 Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić Flag of Switzerland.svg Beat Feuz Flag of Austria.svg Romed Baumann
2013 Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić
Flag of France.svg Alexis Pinturault
Flag of France.svg Thomas Mermillod Blondin
2014 Flag of the United States.svg Ted Ligety
Flag of France.svg Alexis Pinturault
Flag of France.svg Thomas Mermillod Blondin
2015 Flag of Switzerland.svg Carlo Janka Flag of France.svg Alexis Pinturault Flag of France.svg Victor Muffat-Jeandet
2016 Flag of France.svg Alexis Pinturault Flag of France.svg Thomas Mermillod Blondin Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud
2017 Flag of France.svg Alexis Pinturault Flag of Switzerland.svg Niels Hintermann Flag of Norway.svg Aleksander Aamodt Kilde
2018 Flag of Italy.svg Peter Fill Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of France.svg Victor Muffat-Jeandet

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References

  1. Rugh, Pete (May 10, 2005). "FIS Spring Calendar Conference Highlights". Ski Racing. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  2. Rugh, Pete (April 17, 2006). "2006-07 World Cup to award super combined crystal globe". Ski Racing. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  3. Breidthardt, Annika (February 13, 2014). "Olympics-Alpine skiing-Downhill champion Mayer scorns super-combined format". Reuters. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  4. McMillan, Kelley (January 15, 2014). "For some ski racers, an advantage before the season even starts". New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
  5. "CUP STANDING ALPINE SKIING WORLD CUP 1976 MEN - COMBINED". fis-ski.com. Retrieved 11 February 2018.