Super-G

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Austrian alpine skier competing in super-G Christoph Kornberger SG Spital am Semmering 2008.jpg
Austrian alpine skier competing in super-G

Super giant slalom, or super-G, is a racing discipline of alpine skiing. Along with the faster downhill, it is regarded as a "speed" event, in contrast to the technical events giant slalom and slalom. It debuted as an official World Cup event during the 1983 season and was added to the official schedule of the World Championships in 1987 and the Winter Olympics in 1988.

Contents

Much like downhill, a super-G course consists of widely set gates that racers must pass through. The course is set so that skiers must turn more than in downhill, though the speeds are still much higher than in giant slalom (hence the name). Each athlete only has one run to clock the best time. In the Olympics, super-G courses are usually set on the same slopes as the downhill, but with a lower starting point.

History

Super-G was run as a World Cup test event during the 1982 season, with two men's races and a women's race that did not count in the season standings. [1] Approved by the International Ski Federation (FIS) that summer, it was first officially run at the World Cup level in December 1982 at Val-d'Isère, France; the winner was Peter Müller of Switzerland. The first official women's super-G was run a month later in early January 1983, with consecutive events at Verbier, Switzerland. The first winner was Irene Epple of West Germany, and Cindy Nelson of the United States won the next day on a different course. [2] These were the only two races for women in super-G during the 1983 season; the men had three. The event was not universally embraced during its early years, [3] which included a boycott by two-time defending overall champion Phil Mahre in December 1982. [4] [5]

For the first three seasons, super-G results were added into the giant slalom discipline for the season standings; it gained separate status for a crystal globe for the 1986 season with five events for both men and women; the first champions were Markus Wasmeier and Marina Kiehl, both of West Germany.

It was added to the World Championships in 1987, held at Crans-Montana, Switzerland. Swiss skiers Pirmin Zurbriggen and Maria Walliser won gold medals to become the first world champions in the event. Super-G made its Olympic debut in 1988 in Calgary, where Franck Piccard of France and Sigrid Wolf of Austria took gold at Nakiska.

Top racers

Hermann Maier of Austria (nicknamed 'The Herminator') is widely regarded as the greatest male super-G racer, with 24 World Cup victories and five World Cup titles (1998 2001, 2004). He won the world championship in 1999 and an Olympic gold medal in 1998, three days after a crash in the downhill. Maier's proficiency in super-G was attributed to his thorough course inspection and his aggressive course tactics; he opted for the most direct and dangerous line down the hill. A serious motorcycle accident in August 2001 nearly resulted in an amputation of his lower right leg and sidelined him for the 2002 season, including the 2002 Olympics. After his return to the World Cup circuit in January 2003, Maier won eight more World Cup super-G events and his fifth season title in 2004.

Aksel Lund Svindal of Norway is second on the list with 17 wins in World Cup super-G races, Kjetil Jansrud third with his 13 wins. Svindal won Olympic gold in 2010 and his fifth season title in 2014, while Zurbriggen won four consecutive season titles (1987 90) and the first world championship in 1987. Another notable specialist was Kjetil André Aamodt of Norway, a triple gold medalist in Olympic super-G races, winning in 1992, 2002 and 2006. Aamodt won five World Cup races and two world championship medals (silver and bronze) in the discipline. Marc Girardelli of Luxembourg, a five-time overall World Cup champion, won nine World Cup super-G events. He won season titles in every discipline except super-G, where he was a runner-up three times. Girardelli was the silver medalist in the super-G at the 1987 World Championships and the 1992 Olympics.

On the women's side, Lindsey Vonn of the U.S. leads with 28 World Cup victories in super-G and has won five season titles (2009 2012, 2015).Katja Seizinger of Germany won five season titles in the 1990s, with 16 World Cup wins in the discipline. While neither won gold in the super-G in the Olympics (both won a bronze), they both won a world title, Vonn in 2009 and Seizinger in 1993. Renate Götschl of Austria won 17 World Cup events in super-G, three season titles (four as runner-up), and two medals (silver and bronze) in the world championships.

Course

The vertical drop for a Super-G course must be between 350–650 m (1,150–2,130 ft) for men, 350–600 m (1,150–1,970 ft) for women, and 250–450 m (820–1,480 ft) for children. In the Olympic Winter Games, FIS World Ski Championships, and FIS World Cups, minimums are raised to 400 m (1,300 ft) for both men and women. Courses are normally at least 30 m (98 ft) in width, but sections with lower widths are permissible if the line and terrain before and after allow it. Higher widths can also be required if deemed necessary. Gates must be between 6 m (20 ft) and 8 m (26 ft) in width for open gates, and between 8 m (26 ft) and 12 m (39 ft) in width for vertical gates. The distance between turning poles of successive gates must be at least 25 m (82 ft). The number of direction changes must be at least 7% of the course drop in meters (6% for Olympic Winter Games, FIS World Ski Championships and FIS World Cups). [6]

Equipment

In an attempt to increase safety, the 2004 season saw the FIS impose minimum ski lengths for the super-G for the first time: to 205 cm (80.7 in) for men, 200 cm (78.7 in) for women. The minimum turning radius was increased to 45 m (148 ft) for the 2014 season.

World Cup podiums

Men

The following table contains the men's Super-G (from 2007 Super combined) World Cup podiums since the first edition in 1986.

Season1st2nd3rd
1986 Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli
1987 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier
1988 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier Flag of France.svg Franck Piccard
1989 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Sweden.svg Lars-Börje Eriksson Flag of France.svg Franck Piccard
1990 Flag of Switzerland.svg Pirmin Zurbriggen Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Sweden.svg Lars-Börje Eriksson
1991 Flag of Switzerland.svg Franz Heinzer Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Norway.svg Atle Skårdal
1992 Flag of Switzerland.svg Paul Accola Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader
1993 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Switzerland.svg Franz Heinzer
1994 Flag of Norway.svg Jan Einar Thorsen Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Moe
1995 Flag of Italy.svg Peter Runggaldier Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader Flag of Italy.svg Werner Perathoner
1996 Flag of Norway.svg Atle Skårdal Flag of Austria.svg Hans Knauß Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
1997 Flag of France.svg Luc Alphand Flag of Austria.svg Josef Strobl Flag of Austria.svg Andreas Schifferer
1998 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Hans Knauß Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter
1999 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Austria.svg Andreas Schifferer
2000 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Werner Franz Flag of Austria.svg Fritz Strobl
2001 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Austria.svg Christoph Gruber Flag of Austria.svg Josef Strobl
2002 Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Fritz Strobl
2003 Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Marco Büchel Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche
2004 Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter
2005 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves
2006 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves
2007 Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg John Kucera
2008 Flag of Austria.svg Hannes Reichelt Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich
2009 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Italy.svg Werner Heel Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Défago
2010 Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Erik Guay Flag of Austria.svg Michael Walchhofer Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2011 Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Georg Streitberger Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić
2012 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Switzerland.svg Beat Feuz
2013 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Italy.svg Matteo Marsaglia Flag of Austria.svg Matthias Mayer
2014 Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Switzerland.svg Patrick Küng
2015 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Italy.svg Dominik Paris Flag of Austria.svg Matthias Mayer
2016 Flag of Norway.svg Aleksander Aamodt Kilde Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2017 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Austria.svg Hannes Reichelt Flag of Norway.svg Aleksander Aamodt Kilde
2018 Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Austria.svg Vincent Kriechmayr Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2019 Flag of Italy.svg Dominik Paris Flag of Austria.svg Vincent Kriechmayr Flag of Switzerland.svg Mauro Caviezel
2020 Flag of Switzerland.svg Mauro Caviezel Flag of Austria.svg Vincent Kriechmayr Flag of Norway.svg Aleksander Aamodt Kilde

Women

Season1st2nd3rd
1986 Flag of Germany.svg Marina Kiehl Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Liisa Savijarvi Flag of Italy.svg Michaela Marzola
1987 Flag of Switzerland.svg Maria Walliser Flag of France.svg Catherine Quittet Flag of Germany.svg Marina Kiehl
1988 Flag of Switzerland.svg Michela Figini Flag of Austria.svg Sylvia Eder Flag of Germany.svg Regine Mösenlechner
Flag of Spain.svg Blanca Fernández Ochoa
1989 Flag of France.svg Carole Merle Flag of Austria.svg Sigrid Wolf Flag of Austria.svg Anita Wachter
1990 Flag of France.svg Carole Merle Flag of Germany.svg Michaela Gerg-Leitner Flag of Austria.svg Sigrid Wolf
1991 Flag of France.svg Carole Merle Flag of Austria.svg Petra Kronberger Flag of Germany.svg Michaela Gerg-Leitner
1992 Flag of France.svg Carole Merle Flag of Norway.svg Merete Fjeldavlie Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger
1993 Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Austria.svg Ulrike Maier Flag of France.svg Carole Merle
1994 Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Italy.svg Bibiana Perez Flag of Germany.svg Hilde Gerg
1995 Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Switzerland.svg Heidi Zeller-Bähler Flag of Switzerland.svg Heidi Zurbriggen
1996 Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer Flag of Germany.svg Martina Ertl
1997 Flag of Germany.svg Hilde Gerg Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Sweden.svg Pernilla Wiberg
1998 Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of Italy.svg Isolde Kostner
1999 Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of Germany.svg Martina Ertl
2000 Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Mélanie Turgeon Flag of Slovenia.svg Mojca Suhadolc
2001 Flag of France.svg Régine Cavagnoud Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of France.svg Carole Montillet
2002 Flag of Germany.svg Hilde Gerg Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister
2003 Flag of France.svg Carole Montillet Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of Italy.svg Karen Putzer
2004 Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of France.svg Carole Montillet Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister
2005 Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Kildow
2006 Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer Flag of Switzerland.svg Nadia Styger
2007 Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of Austria.svg Nicole Hosp Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Kildow
2008 Flag of Germany.svg Maria Riesch Flag of Austria.svg Elisabeth Görgl Flag of Switzerland.svg Fabienne Suter
2009 Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of Italy.svg Nadia Fanchini Flag of Switzerland.svg Fabienne Suter
2010 Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of Austria.svg Elisabeth Görgl Flag of Switzerland.svg Nadia Styger
2011 Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of Germany.svg Maria Riesch Flag of the United States.svg Julia Mancuso
2012 Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of the United States.svg Julia Mancuso Flag of Austria.svg Anna Fenninger
2013 Flag of Slovenia.svg Tina Maze Flag of the United States.svg Julia Mancuso Flag of Austria.svg Anna Fenninger
2014 Flag of Switzerland.svg Lara Gut Flag of Austria.svg Anna Fenninger Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather
2015 Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of Austria.svg Anna Fenninger Flag of Slovenia.svg Tina Maze
2016 Flag of Switzerland.svg Lara Gut Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn
2017 Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather Flag of Slovenia.svg Ilka Štuhec Flag of Switzerland.svg Lara Gut
2018 Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather Flag of Switzerland.svg Lara Gut Flag of Austria.svg Anna Veith
2019 Flag of the United States.svg Mikaela Shiffrin Flag of Austria.svg Nicole Schmidhofer Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather
2020 Flag of Switzerland.svg Corinne Suter Flag of Italy.svg Federica Brignone Flag of Austria.svg Nicole Schmidhofer

Super G at the major competitions

Men

CompetitionCourse setter1st2nd3rd
1987 WCH
1988 WOG Flag of France.svg Franck Piccard Flag of Austria.svg Helmut Mayer Flag of Sweden.svg Lars-Borje Eriksson
1989 WCH
1991 WCH
1992 WOG Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Luxembourg.svg Marc Girardelli Flag of Norway.svg Jan Einar Thorsen
1993 WCH
1994 WOG Flag of Germany.svg Markus Wasmeier Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Moe Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt
1996 WCH
1997 WCH Flag of Norway.svg Atle Skårdal Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus Flag of Austria.svg Günther Mader
1998 WOG Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Austria.svg Hans Knauß
1999 WCH Flag of Norway.svg Lasse Kjus
Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier
Flag placeholder.svgNone awarded Flag of Austria.svg Hans Knauß
2001 WCH Flag of the United States.svg Daron Rahlves Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier
2002 WOG Flag of Switzerland.svg F. Zueger Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of Austria.svg Andreas Schifferer
2003 WCH Flag of Norway.svg M. Arnesen Flag of Austria.svg Stephan Eberharter Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier
2005 WCH Flag of Norway.svg M. Arnesen Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of Austria.svg Michael Walchhofer Flag of Austria.svg Benjamin Raich
2006 WOG Flag of Austria.svg A. Evers Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil André Aamodt Flag of Austria.svg Hermann Maier Flag of Switzerland.svg Ambrosi Hoffmann
2007 WCH Flag of Switzerland.svg H. Flatscher Flag of Italy.svg Patrick Staudacher Flag of Austria.svg Fritz Strobl Flag of Switzerland.svg Bruno Kernen
2009 WCH Flag of Italy.svg G. L. Rulfi Flag of Switzerland.svg Didier Cuche Flag of Italy.svg Peter Fill Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2010 WOG Flag of Italy.svg G. L. Rulfi Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller Flag of the United States.svg Andrew Weibrecht
2011 WCH Flag of Switzerland.svg H. Flatscher Flag of Italy.svg Christof Innerhofer Flag of Austria.svg Hannes Reichelt Flag of Croatia.svg Ivica Kostelić
2013 WCH Flag of Norway.svg T. Moger Flag of the United States.svg Ted Ligety Flag of France.svg Gauthier de Tessières Flag of Norway.svg Aksel Lund Svindal
2014 WOG Flag of France.svg P. Morisod Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of the United States.svg Andrew Weibrecht Flag of the United States.svg Bode Miller
2015 WCH Flag of Austria.svg F. Winkler Flag of Austria.svg Hannes Reichelt Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Dustin Cook Flag of France.svg Adrien Théaux
2017 WCH Flag of Italy.svg A. Ghidoni Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Erik Guay Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Manuel Osborne-Paradis
2018 WOG Flag of Italy.svg A. Ghidoni Flag of Austria.svg Matthias Mayer Flag of Switzerland.svg Beat Feuz Flag of Norway.svg Kjetil Jansrud
2019 WCH Flag placeholder.svg Flag of Italy.svg Dominik Paris Flag of France.svg Johan Clarey
Flag of Austria.svg Vincent Kriechmayr
Flag placeholder.svgNone awarded

Women

CompetitionCourse setter1st2nd3rd
1987 WCH
1988 WOG Flag of Austria.svg Sigrid Wolf Flag of Switzerland.svg Michela Figini Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Karen Percy
1989 WCH
1991 WCH
1992 WOG Flag of Italy.svg Deborah Compagnoni Flag of France.svg Carole Merle Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger
1993 WCH
1994 WOG Flag of the United States.svg Diann Roffe Steinrotter Flag of Russia.svg Svetlana Gladysheva Flag of Italy.svg Isolde Kostner
1996 WCH
1997 WCH Flag of Italy.svg Isolde Kostner Flag of Germany.svg Katja Seizinger Flag of Germany.svg Hilde Gerg
1998 WOG Flag of the United States.svg Picabo Street Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer
1999 WCH Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister
2001 WCH Flag of France.svg Régine Cavagnoud Flag of Italy.svg Isolde Kostner Flag of Germany.svg Hilde Gerg
2002 WOG Flag of Sweden.svg P. Endrass Flag of Italy.svg Daniela Ceccarelli Flag of Croatia.svg Janica Kostelić Flag of Italy.svg Karen Putzer
2003 WCH Flag of Austria.svg B. Zobel Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of the United States.svg Kristen Clark Flag of the United States.svg Jonna Mendes
2005 WCH Flag of France.svg X. Fournier Flag of Sweden.svg Anja Pärson Flag of Italy.svg Lucia Recchia Flag of the United States.svg Julia Mancuso
2006 WOG Flag of Austria.svg J. Graller Flag of Austria.svg Michaela Dorfmeister Flag of Croatia.svg Janica Kostelić Flag of Austria.svg Alexandra Meissnitzer
2007 WCH Flag of Austria.svg J. Graller Flag of Sweden.svg Anja Pärson Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of Austria.svg Renate Götschl
2009 WCH Flag of Sweden.svg U. Emilsson Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn Flag of France.svg Marie Marchand-Arvier Flag of Austria.svg Andrea Fischbacher
2010 WOG Flag of Austria.svg J. Kriechbaum Flag of Austria.svg Andrea Fischbacher Flag of Slovenia.svg Tina Maze Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn
2011 WCH Flag of Austria.svg J. Kriechbaum Flag of Austria.svg Elisabeth Görgl Flag of the United States.svg Julia Mancuso Flag of Germany.svg Maria Riesch
2013 WCH Flag of Switzerland.svg D. Petrini Flag of Slovenia.svg Tina Maze   Flag of Switzerland.svg   Lara Gut Flag of the United States.svg Julia Mancuso
2014 WOG Flag of Austria.svg F. Winkler Flag of Austria.svg Anna Fenninger Flag of Germany.svg Maria Hoefl-Riesch Flag of Austria.svg Nicole Hosp
2015 WCH Flag of Austria.svg R. Assinger Flag of Austria.svg Anna Fenninger Flag of Slovenia.svg Tina Maze Flag of the United States.svg Lindsey Vonn
2017 WCH Flag of Italy.svg A. Ghezze Flag of Austria.svg Nicole Schmidhofer Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather   Flag of Switzerland.svg   Lara Gut
2018 WOG Flag of Austria.svg M. Tatschl Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Ester Ledecká Flag of Austria.svg Anna Veith Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Tina Weirather
2019 WCH Flag placeholder.svg Flag of the United States.svg Mikaela Shiffrin Flag of Italy.svg Sofia Goggia   Flag of Switzerland.svg   Corinne Suter

WOG - Winter Olympic Games, WCH - FIS World Ski Championships

See also

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References

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  4. "Downhill specialist wins World Cup 'super-G'". Spokesman-Review. Associated Press. December 23, 1982. p. 26.
  5. Chamberlain, Tony (March 9, 1983). "As season finishes, brothers Mahre find skiing kind of a drag". Spokane Chronicle. (Boston Globe). p. C4.
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