List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games

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Participating nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 1912 Games in Stockholm. Nations at 1912 Olympics.jpg
Participating nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 1912 Games in Stockholm.

This is a list of nations, as represented by National Olympic Committees (NOCs), that have participated in the Summer Olympic Games between 1896 and 2016. As of the 2016 Games, all of the current 206 NOCs have participated in at least one edition of the Olympic Games, and athletes from Australia (including two Games featuring the Australasia team), France, [K] Great Britain, Greece and Switzerland [L] have competed in all twenty-eight Summer Olympic Games.

Contents

History

Early years

Participating nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 1908 Games in London. Nations at 1908 Olympics.JPG
Participating nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 1908 Games in London.

Early Games were not clearly documented with respect to participating nations. Competitors from 11 to 16 nations participated in the inaugural 1896 Games, in Athens. Eleven nations (Australia, Austria, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States) are mentioned in the official report for the Games, [1] and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) states that 14 nations were represented. [2] The NOCs for Bulgaria [3] and Chile [4] each claim that they were represented by a single athlete in Athens. Other sources also list Egypt, Italy, and the Turkish Empire. [5] [6]

While official report was actually the summary of the sporting events held at the 1900 Exposition Universelle and so can not be considered as reliable source, [7] the IOC states that 24 nations participated in the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, [8] but additional sources list up to 28 nations, with Haiti, Iran, Luxembourg, and Peru being the additions. [9] [10] The 1904 Games, held in St. Louis were the first Olympics outside of Europe and saw the participation of 12 nations. [11] [12] Although the Intercalated Games of 1906 are no longer considered official Games of the Olympiad by the IOC, they helped restore the Olympic movement. Participation at subsequent Games grew steadily, with 22 nations in London for 1908 [13] and 28 nations in Stockholm for the 1912 Games. [14] At these two Games (only), one of the delegations was actually a combined team of athletes from Australia and New Zealand, designated Australasia . The Games of 1916, planned for Berlin, were cancelled due to World War I.

Inter-war years

After the First World War, the Olympic Games resumed in 1920, in Antwerp. Twenty-nine nations participated, [15] but not Austria, Bulgaria, Germany, Hungary, or Turkey, none of which were invited because of their roles in the war. Several newly created European states, such as Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, made their Olympic debut.

The Games grew rapidly for the 1924 Summer Olympics, in Paris, with 44 nations present, [16] even though Germany was still not invited back to the Games. This situation would change for the 1928 Games where Germany returned to join a total of 46 participating nations. [17] Competitors from 37 nations travelled to Los Angeles for the 1932 Summer Olympics. [18] The 1936 Summer Olympics, in Berlin, were attended by 49 nations (a new high) but were highly politicized. [19] The scheduled Games of 1940 in Tokyo and 1944 in London were each cancelled due to the outbreak of World War II in 1939.

Post-war years and Cold War era

Participating nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 1952 Games in Helsinki. Nations at 1952 Olympics.jpg
Participating nations at the Opening Ceremony of the 1952 Games in Helsinki.

Twelve years after the previous Games, the 1948 Summer Olympics, in London, attracted competitors from 59 nations, including 14 that made their Olympic debut; once again, Germany was not invited to take part, and neither was Japan. [20] The 1952 Games, in Helsinki, again set a new high, with 69 nations participating, including the first appearance by the Soviet Union and the return of Germany and Japan. [21] The 1956 Summer Olympics, attended by 67 nations in Melbourne, were the first to be marred by a boycott. [22] Egypt, Iraq, and Lebanon withdrew in response to the Suez Crisis, and the Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland withdrew in response to the Soviet invasion of Hungary. Because of Australian quarantine restrictions, the equestrian events were held five months earlier in Stockholm, with a total of 29 participating nations, including five nations that did not compete in Melbourne. [23]

Participation by African and Latin American nations increased significantly during the 1960s. A total of 84 nations were represented at the 1960 Summer Olympics, in Rome, [24] 94 nations at the 1964 Games, in Tokyo, [25] and 112 nations at the 1968 Summer Olympics, in Mexico City. [26] The 1968 Games also marked the first time that West Germany and East Germany competed as independent teams. For the previous three Olympiads (1956–1964), the two NOCs were jointly represented by a united German team. [27] The 1972 Summer Olympics, in Munich, featured 121 nations, the highest total yet. [28]

The next three Games were each marred by significant boycotts. At the 1976 Summer Olympics, in Montreal, only 92 nations were represented. [29] Twenty-nine African nations (Ivory Coast and Senegal being the only two exceptions) boycotted the Games because of New Zealand's participation, as New Zealand maintained other sporting relations with apartheid South Africa. [30] The largest Olympic boycott took place at the 1980 Games, in Moscow, when only 80 nations participated. [31] The United States led the boycott in protest of the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and were joined by more than 60 other nations. In response, the 1984 Summer Olympics, in Los Angeles, were boycotted by the Soviet Union and their allies, yet a total of 140 nations did participate. [32] The 1988 Games, in Seoul, marked a new high, with 160 participating nations. [33]

Recent Games

Several events in the 1990s led to a large increase in participating nations at the Olympic Games. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the Baltic states competed as independent nations for the first time since 1936 at the 1992 Games, in Barcelona. [34] The remaining twelve ex-republics of the Soviet Union competed together as the Unified Team for these Games. A single German team competed for the first time since 1964, after the German reunification in 1990, while the breakup of Yugoslavia resulted in the Olympic debut of new nations.

The Centennial Olympics, in Atlanta, were attended by athletes from 197 nations, [35] including 24 nations making their Summer Games debut. Czechoslovakia had split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and all ex-Soviet republics competed as independent nations. The Games continued to grow, with 199 nations represented in Sydney, for the 2000 Summer Games, [36] and 201 nations in Athens, for the 2004 Summer Olympics. [37]

A record number of nations (204) were represented at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, [38] with Marshall Islands and Tuvalu making their Olympic debut. After competing together as Serbia and Montenegro in 2004, Serbia and Montenegro sent independent teams to Beijing. Only Brunei failed to participate in the Games, after failing to register any athletes for competition. [39] The 2012 Games in London increased this record to 206 nations, even though only 204 NOCs were represented. [40] Brunei returned to the Games, but athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles competed as Independent Olympic Athletes, after the Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee's membership in the IOC was withdrawn in 2011 as a consequence of the dissolution of the Caribbean country. One athlete from South Sudan also competed as an independent athlete, since the nation had not yet formed a National Olympic Committee after its independence in 2011.

A further increase occurred in the 2016 Summer Olympics, with 206 nations represented: South Sudanese athletes were able to compete under their nation's flag and Kosovo made their debut as an independent team. There was also a team made up of refugees, made up of athletes from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Syria who had fled their home countries and could not compete under their home NOC.

List of nations

Nations participated in the Summer Olympics Nations at the Summer Olympics.svg
Nations participated in the Summer Olympics

Description

This list includes all 206 current NOCs, [41] 20 obsolete NOCs and 3 other entries, arranged alphabetically. The three-letter country code is also listed for each NOC. Since the 1960s, these codes have been frequently used by the IOC and each Games organizing committee to identify NOCs, such as within the official report of each Games. [42] However, in this section, several countries uses long-form names designated by the United Nations uses short form common names such as for example: Laos (Lao People's Democratic Republic), North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), and Moldova (Republic of Moldova).

Several nations have changed during their Olympic history. Name changes due to geographical renaming are explained by footnotes after the nation's name, and other notes are explained by footnotes linked within the table itself.

Obsolete nations

Obsolete nations are included in the table to more clearly illustrate past Olympic appearances for their successor nations.

Other entries

Table legend

96 In the table headings, indicates the Games year
Participated in the specified Games
HHost nation for the specified Games
[A]Additional explanatory comments at the linked footnote
 The planned Games of 1916, 1940, and 1944 were cancelled due to world wars
 NOC superseded or preceded by other NOC(s) during these years

Alphabetical list

Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z Other Total
ACode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan AFG14
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania ALB8
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria ALG13
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa ASA8
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra AND11
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola ANG9
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda [ANT] ANT10
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina ARG24
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia ARM Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba ARU Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 8
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia AUS ANZ HH26
Flag of Australasian team for Olympic games.svg  Australasia [^] ANZ2
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria AUT27
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan AZE Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
BCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas BAH16
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain BRN9
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh BAN9
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados BAR BWI 12
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus BLR Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium BELH26
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize [BIZ] BIZ12
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin [BEN] BEN11
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda BER18
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan BHU9
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia BOL14
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 7
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana BOT10
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil BRA [D] H22
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands IVB9
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei BRU [P] 5
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria BUL [A] 20
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso [BUR] BUR9
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi BDI6
CCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia CAM [L] 9
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon CMR [O] 14
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada CANH26
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde CPV6
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands CAY10
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic CAF10
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad CHA12
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile CHI [B] 23
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China CHN Republic of China Republic of China ROC H10
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei [TPE] (Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan)TPE Japan Japan ROC 14
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Republic of China [^] ROC8
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia COL [E] 19
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros COM6
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Republic of the Congo CGO12
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo [COD] COD10
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands COK8
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica CRC15
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast [CIV] CIV13
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia CRO Austria/Hungary Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 7
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba CUB20
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus CYP10
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic CZE Bohemia Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 6
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia [^] TCH16
Flag of Bohemia.svg  Bohemia [^] BOH3
DCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark DEN27
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti DJI [P] 8
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica DMA6
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic DOM14
ECode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador ECU14
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt [EGY] EGY [C] [L] [O] 22
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador ESA11
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea GEQ9
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea ERI5
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia EST Russian Empire Soviet Union 12
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia ETH13
FCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji FIJ14
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland FINH25
Flag of France.svg  France FRAH [K] H28
GCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon GAB10
Flag of The Gambia.svg  The Gambia GAM9
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia GEO Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany GERH EUA GDR , FRG 16
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany [^] GDR EUA 5
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany [^] FRG EUA H5
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany [^] EUA3
Flag of Saar (1947-1956).svg  Saar [^] SAA1
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana [GHA] GHA14
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain GBRHHH28
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece GREHH28
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada GRN9
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam GUM8
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala GUA14
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea GUI11
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau GBS6
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana [GUY] GUY17
HCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti HAI [F] 15
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras HON11
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong HKG16
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary HUN26
ICode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland ISL20
Flag of India.svg  India IND24
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia INA15
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran IRI [G] 16
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq IRQ14
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland IRL Great Britain GBR 21
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel ISR16
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy ITAH27
JCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica JAM BWI 17
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan JPNH22
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan JOR10
KCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan KAZ Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya KEN14
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati KIR4
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea PRK JPN Japan 10
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea KOR JPN Japan H17
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo KOS Yugoslavia Yugoslavia SCG Serbia 1
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait KUW [^] 12
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan KGZ Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
LCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos LAO9
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia LAT Russian Empire Soviet Union 11
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon LIB17
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho LES11
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia LBR [P] 12
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya LBA [P] 10
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein LIE17
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania LTU Russian Empire Soviet Union 9
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg LUX [H] 23
MCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar MAD12
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi MAW10
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia MAS Malaya , North Borneo Malaya , North Borneo Malaya , North Borneo 13
Flag of Malaya.svg  Malaya [^] MAL2
Flag of North Borneo (1948-1963).svg  North Borneo [^] NBO1
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives MDV8
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali MLI13
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta MLT16
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands MHL3
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania MTN9
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius MRI9
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico MEXH23
Flag of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Federated States of Micronesia FSM5
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova MDA Russian Empire Romania Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco MON20
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia MGL13
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro MNE Yugoslavia Yugoslavia SCG 3
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco MAR [O] 14
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique MOZ10
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar [MYA] MYA17
NCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia NAM7
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru NRU6
Flag of Nepal.svg  Nepal NEP13
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands NEDH [L] 26
Flag of the Netherlands Antilles (1986-2010).svg  Netherlands Antilles [^] AHO [^] 13
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand NZL [I] ANZ 23
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua NCA12
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger NIG12
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria NGR16
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia [MKD] MKD Yugoslavia Yugoslavia IOP 6
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway NOR25
OCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman OMA9
PCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan PAK17
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau PLW5
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine PLE6
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama PAN17
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea PNG10
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay PAR12
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru PER [J] 18
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines PHI21
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland POL21
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal POR24
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico PUR18
QCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar QAT9
RCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania ROU21
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia RUS Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team [^] EUN1
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union [^] URSH EUN 9
Flag of Russia.svg  Russian Empire [^] RU13
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda RWA9
SCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis SKN6
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia LCA6
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VIN8
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa [SAM] SAM9
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino SMR14
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe STP6
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia KSA11
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal SEN14
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia SRB Yugoslavia Yugoslavia SCG 4
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro [SCG] [^] SCG Yugoslavia Yugoslavia IOP 3
Olympic flag.svg  Independent Olympic Participants [^] IOP1
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia [^] YUG16
Flag of Seychelles.svg  Seychelles SEY9
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone SLE11
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore SGP [N] 16
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia SVK Hungary Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia 6
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia SLO Austria/Hungary Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 7
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands SOL9
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia SOM9
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa RSA19
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain ESP [L] H23
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka [SRI] SRI17
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan SUD12
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan SSD Sudan Sudan Sudan [^] 1
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname SUR [P] 12
Flag of Swaziland.svg  Swaziland SWZ10
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden SWEH27
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland SUI [L] 28
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria SYR [M] 13
TCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan TJK Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania [TAN] TAN13
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand THA16
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor TLS Indonesia [^] 4
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo TOG10
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga TGA9
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago TTO BWI 17
Flag of the West Indies Federation.svg  British West Indies [^] BWI1
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia TUN [O] 14
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey TUR22
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan TKM Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu TUV3
UCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda UGA15
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine UKR Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates UAE9
Flag of the United States.svg  United States USAHHHH27
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay URU21
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan UZB Russian Empire Soviet Union Soviet Union EUN 6
VCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu VAN8
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela VEN18
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam VIE15
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  Virgin Islands ISV12
YCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen YEM YMD , YAR YMD , YAR South Yemen , North Yemen 7
Flag of South Yemen.svg  South Yemen [^] YMD1
Flag of North Yemen.svg  North Yemen [^] YAR2
ZCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia [ZAM] ZAM13
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe [ZIM] ZIM13
Other entriesCode96000408121620242832364044485256606468727680848892960004081216Total
Olympic flag.svg  Mixed team [^] ZZX ^ ^ ^
Olympic flag.svg  Independent Olympic Athletes [^] IOA ^ ^ ^
Olympic flag.svg  Refugee Olympic Team [^] ROT ^
Total14241222282944463749596972839311212192801401591691971992012042042052764

Notes

Name changes notes

^  ANT: Prior to Antigua and Barbuda 's independence in 1981, The Associated State of Antigua participated as Antigua in 1976. [29]
^  BIZ:  Belize participated under its former name of British Honduras (HBR) in 1968 [26] and 1972. [28]
^  BEN:  Benin was known as Dahomey (DAH) in 1972. [28]
^  BUR:  Burkina Faso was known as Upper Volta (VOL) in 1972. [28]
^  TPE: The Chinese Taipei was designated Republic of China (ROC) in 1956, [22] 1960, [24] and 1972, [28] and was designated Taiwan in 1964 [25] and 1968. [26] In 1979, the IOC started to use Chinese Taipei to refer to this NOC, a compromise that was acceptable for the People's Republic of China to start participating in the Olympic Games. [49] [50]
^  COD: The Democratic Republic of the Congo was known as Zaire (ZAI) between 1984 [32] and 1996. [35]
^  CIV:  Côte d'Ivoire was known as Ivory Coast between 1964 [25] and 1988. [33]
^  EGY:  Egypt participated as the United Arab Republic between 1960 [24] and 1968. [26]
^  GHA: Prior to Ghana 's independence in 1957, Gold Coast participated in the 1952 Games. [21]
^  GUY: Prior to Guyana 's independence in 1966, British Guiana participated from 1948 [20] to 1964. [25]
^  MYA:  Myanmar was known as Burma (BIR) between 1948 [20] and 1988. [33]
^  MKD:  North Macedonia was known as Macedonia, or more formally Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia due to a naming dispute with Greece , between 1996 [35] and 2016.
^  SAM:  Samoa was known as Western Samoa between 1984 [32] and 1996. [35]
^  SCG: The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia , consisting of the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Montenegro , participated at the Games since 1996. It was reconstituted as the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003. At the 1996 [35] and 2000 [36] Games, the nation was still designated Yugoslavia (YUG). The Serbia and Montenegro (SCG) designation and code were used at the 2004 Games. [37]
^  SRI:  Sri Lanka was known as Ceylon (CEY) between 1948 [20] and 1972. [28]
^  TAN: Although Tanganyika and Zanzibar had already merged to form Tanzania in April 1964, the nation was designated Tanganyika in the official report of the 1964 Games. [25]
^  ZAM:  Zambia achieved independence on the last day of the 1964 Games, but had participated as Northern Rhodesia (NRH) during those Games. [25]
^  ZIM: Prior to Zimbabwe 's independence in 1980, Southern Rhodesia participated as Rhodesia (RHO) in 1928, [17] 1960, [24] and 1964. [25]

Participation notes

  1. ^ The Bulgarian Olympic Committee claims that Charles Champaud, a Swiss gymnastics teacher living in Sofia, competed for the nation in 1896. [3]
  2. ^ Chile claims that one athlete, Luis Subercaseaux Errázuriz, competed for the nation in 1896. [4]
  3. ^ Dionysios Kasdaglis, tennisman in 1896, was maybe Egyptian.
  4. ^ For athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Adolphe Klingelhoeffer was the son of a Brazilian diplomat. Although he was born and raised in Paris, he had Brazilian citizenship in 1900 and maintained this citizenship until at least the 1940s per French athletics historian Alain Bouille. As this was discovered in late 2008, his participation is usually attributed to France.
  5. ^ For tug of war at the 1900 Summer Olympics, Francisco Henríquez de Zubiría, living in Paris in 1900, had Colombian citizenship but has played with French team of tug of war.
  6. ^ Some sources [9] [51] consider Léon Thiércelin and André Corvington, competitors in fencing at the 1900 Games, and Constantin Henriquez in rugby, of Haitian nationality.
  7. ^ Some sources [9] [51] consider Freydoun Malkom, a fencer who competed at the 1900 Games, of Persian nationality and therefore the first Olympic appearance by Iran.
  8. ^ Michel Théato's gold medal in the marathon at the 1900 Games is currently attributed to France, although it has since been discovered that he was born in Luxembourg. [9]
  9. ^ Victor Lindberg, maybe water polo player in 1900, was New Zealander.
  10. ^ Some sources [9] [51] consider Carlos de Candamo, a competitor in fencing at the 1900 Games, of Peruvian nationality.
  11. a b Sources are inconsistent regarding Albert Corey's participation in 1904. He was a French immigrant to the United States. [52] the IOC attributes his medal in the marathon to the United States, and in contradiction, the medal in the four mile team race to a mixed team composed of athletes from multiple nations instead of the United States. [45]
  12. a b c d e Cambodia, Egypt, the Netherlands, Spain, and Switzerland participated in the equestrian events of the 1956 Games held in Stockholm in June, [23] but did not attend the Games in Melbourne later that year. [22]
  13. ^ Syria was part of the United Arab Republic in 1960, but it is unknown if any Syrian athletes participated as part of the UAR team.
  14. ^ Singapore was part of the Federation of Malaysia in 1964 before gaining independence in 1965.
  15. a b c d Cameroon, Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia competed for the first three days of the 1976 Games before withdrawing in support of the boycott by most African nations. [29]
  16. a b c d e Suriname at the 1960 Games, Libya at the 1964 Games, Liberia at the 1980 Games, Brunei at the 1988 Games, Djibouti at the 2004 Games took part in the Opening Ceremony, but neither athlete competed, so they are not counted as the participation nations at the IOC Olympic Games web site. Suriname's lone athlete withdrew from 1960 Games due to a scheduling error. Libya marched in the opening ceremony of the 1964 Games, [25] but then withdrew from competition. Liberia's athletes withdrew from 1980 Games after marching in the Opening Ceremony and took part of the boycott. Brunei's participation in the 1988 Games consisted only of a single official, but no competing athletes. [33] Djibouti marched in the Parade of Nations 2004 Games, but neither athlete competed.

See also

Related Research Articles

Summer Olympic Games International multi-sport event

The Summer Olympic Games also known as the Games of the Olympiad, are a major international multi-sport event normally held once every four years. The Games were first held in 1896 in Athens, Greece, and were most recently held in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) organises the Games and oversees the host city's preparations. In each Olympic event, gold medals are awarded for first place, silver medals are awarded for second place, and bronze medals are awarded for third place; this tradition began in 1904. The Winter Olympic Games were created out of the success of the Summer Olympics.

1952 Summer Olympics

The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held from 19 July to 3 August 1952 in Helsinki, Finland.

1976 Summer Olympics medal table

The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were a summer multi-sport event held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from July 17 to August 1, 1977. A total of 6,084 athletes from 92 countries represented by National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participated in these Games, competing in 198 events in 23 sports.

1936 Summer Olympics medal table

The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Berlin, Germany, from 1 August to 16 August. Berlin had previously been chosen to host the 1916 Summer Olympics, which were subsequently cancelled due to the First World War. The 1936 Games had 3,963 athletes from 49 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participating in a total of 129 events in 19 sports. This was the highest number of nations represented at any Games to date. Athletes from 32 NOCs won medals, of which 21 secured at least one gold medal. As a result, 17 NOCs were left without any medal. The host NOC, Germany, received a total of 89 medals, a record for a united German team, although East Germany broke that record in 1976, 1980 and 1988.

The 1932 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the X Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event held in Los Angeles, California, United States, from July 30 to August 14. The 1932 Games had 1,332 athletes from 37 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) participating in a total of 116 events in 14 sports. Athletes from 27 NOCs won medals, of which 19 won at least one gold medal. The 1932 Games featured the first appearance of NOCs from Colombia and the Republic of China.

The 1900 Summer Olympics were held in Paris, France, from May 14 to October 28, 1900, as part of the 1900 World's Fair. A total of 997 athletes representing 24 nations participated in 95 events in 19 sports at these games. Women competed in the Olympics for the first time during the 1900 games. 21 of the 24 participating nations earned medals, in addition to 12 medals won by teams made up of athletes from multiple nations. The host nation of France flooded the field, comprising over 72% of all the athletes ; given that, America dominated athletically, winning the second-most gold (19), silver (14), and bronze (14) medals, while fielding fewer than 8% of the athletes.

Belarus at the Olympics Sporting event delegation

Athletes from Belarus began their Olympic participation at the 1952 Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland as part of the Soviet Union. After the Soviet Union disbanded in 1991, Belarus, along with four of the other fourteen former Soviet republics, competed in the 1992 Winter Olympics as the Unified Team. Later in 1992, eleven republics joined Belarus to compete as the Unified Team at the Summer Games in Barcelona, Spain. Two years later, Belarus competed for the first time as an independent nation in the 1994 Winter Olympics, held in Lillehammer, Norway. Since 1994, Belarus has won medals at each Winter and Summer Olympics it has participated in.

Germany at the Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Athletes from Germany (GER) have appeared in 27 of the 30 Summer Olympic Games, having competed in all Games except those of 1920, 1924 and 1948, when they were not permitted to do so. Germany has hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice; the 1936 Games in Berlin, and the 1972 Games in Munich.

All-time Olympic Games medal table

The all-time medal table for all Olympic Games from 1896 to 2018, including Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, and a combined total of both, is tabulated below. These Olympic medal counts do not include the 1906 Intercalated Games which are no longer recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as official Games. The IOC itself does not publish all-time tables, and publishes unofficial tables only per single Games. This table was thus compiled by adding up single entries from the IOC database.

Serbia at the 1912 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

Serbia sent two athletes that competed in the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden. This was the first and only games where participated the Olympics as an independent nation until the 2008 Summer Olympics. By the next Olympic Games in 1920, Serbian athletes competed for the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which in 1929 changed its name to Yugoslavia (YUG).

Germany at the 1952 Winter Olympics Sporting event delegation

Germany competed at the 1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo, Norway after not having been invited to the 1948 Winter Olympics because of their role in World War II, and because the NOC restored in 1947 as Deutscher Olympischer Ausschuß did not represent a recognized state yet. The Federal Republic of Germany was founded in 1949, the NOC for Germany was renamed and in 1951 recognized by the IOC while recognition of a separate NOC of the GDR was declined. East Germans were told to cooperate in a single team Germany, which they declined in 1952, but accepted for 1956 and later.

Hong Kong at the Olympics Sporting event delegation

Hong Kong first competed at the Olympic Games in 1952, then as a British colony. Hong Kong has participated at every Summer Olympic Games since then except for the boycotted 1980 Games, and has also participated in the Winter Olympic Games since 2002.

Serbia and Montenegro at the Olympics Sporting event delegation

The former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro appeared at the Olympic Games on two occasions from 2004 until 2006, after which the union was dissolved and Montenegro and Serbia each declared full independence.

Marshall Islands at the 2008 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

The Marshall Islands took part in the 2008 Summer Olympics, which were held in Beijing, China from 8 to 24 August 2008. The 2008 Summer Olympics were the Marshall Islands' first appearance at the Olympics. The delegation included five athletes, two in athletics, two in swimming, and one in taekwondo. The Marshall Islands failed to win an Olympic medal at these Games.

China at the 1952 Summer Olympics Sporting event delegation

The People's Republic of China (PRC) sent a delegation to the Olympic Games for the first time at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland.

Marshall Islands at the Olympics Participation of athletes from the Marshall Islands in the Olympic Games

The Marshall Islands has competed in three summer Olympiads: the last at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It has yet to compete at a Winter Olympic Games. The Marshall Islands Olympic debut was at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China. The highest number of Marshallese athletes participating in a Summer Games is five in the 2008 games in Beijing. No athlete from the Marshall Islands has ever won a medal at the Olympics.

Independent Olympians at the Olympic Games Sporting event delegation

Athletes have competed as Independent Olympians at the Olympic Games for various reasons, including political transition, international sanctions, suspensions of National Olympic Committees, and compassion. Independent athletes have come from the Republic of Macedonia, East Timor, South Sudan and Curaçao following geopolitical changes in the years before the Olympics, from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia as a result of international sanctions, from India and Kuwait due to the suspensions of their National Olympic Committees, and Russia for mass violations of anti-doping rules.

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