Athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics

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Athletics
at the Games of the III Olympiad
Athletics pictogram.svg
Athletics pictogram
VenueFrancis Olympic Field
Dates29 August – 3 September
No. of events25
Competitors233 from 10 nations
  1900
1908  

At the 1904 Summer Olympics, twenty-five athletics events were contested. A total of 74 medals (25 gold, 25 silver and 24 bronze) were awarded.

Multi-event competitions, the all-around and triathlon, were introduced, along with a 56-pound weight throw, while the short steeplechase was lengthened slightly from 2500 to 2590 metres, the team race was lengthened from 5000 meters to 4 miles (6,437 m), and the long steeplechase was dropped.

In all, the 25 events featured in 1904 were 2 more than were held in 1900.

A track was built specifically for the Games on the campus of Washington University in St. Louis. The cinder track was 1/3 mile in length with one long straightaway. [1]

Medal summary

EventGoldSilverBronze
60 metres
details
Archie Hahn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Hogenson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Fay Moulton
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
100 metres
details
Archie Hahn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nate Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Hogenson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
200 metres
details
Archie Hahn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nate Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Hogenson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
400 metres
details
Harry Hillman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Frank Waller
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Herman Groman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
800 metres
details
James Lightbody
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Howard Valentine
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Emil Breitkreutz
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1500 metres
details
James Lightbody
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Frank Verner
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Lacey Hearn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Marathon
details
Thomas Hicks
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Albert Corey
Flag of France.svg  France
Arthur Newton
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
110 metres hurdles
details
Fred Schule
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Thaddeus Shideler
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Lesley Ashburner
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
200 metres hurdles
details
Harry Hillman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Frank Castleman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
George Poage
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
400 metres hurdles
details
Harry Hillman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Frank Waller
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
George Poage
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
2590 metres steeplechase
details
James Lightbody
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
John Daly [2]
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Arthur Newton
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
4 miles team race
details
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States  (USA)
New York AC
Arthur Newton
George Underwood
Paul Pilgrim
Howard Valentine
David Munson
Olympic flag.svg  Mixed team  (ZZX)
Chicago AA
James Lightbody
Frank Verner
Lacey Hearn
Albert Corey (FRA)
Sidney Hatch
none awarded
Long jump
details
Myer Prinstein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Daniel Frank
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Robert Stangland
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Triple jump
details
Myer Prinstein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Fred Englehardt
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Robert Stangland
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
High jump
details
Samuel Jones
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Garrett Serviss
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Paul Weinstein
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
Pole vault
details
Charles Dvorak
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
LeRoy Samse
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Louis Wilkins
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Standing long jump
details
Ray Ewry
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Charles King
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
John Biller
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Standing triple jump
details
Ray Ewry
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Charles King
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Joseph Stadler
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Standing high jump
details
Ray Ewry
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Joseph Stadler
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Lawson Robertson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Shot put
details
Ralph Rose
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Wesley Coe
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Lawrence Feuerbach
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Discus throw
details
Martin Sheridan
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Rose
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nicolaos Georgandas
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
Hammer throw
details
John Flanagan
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
John DeWitt
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Rose
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
56 pound weight throw
details
Étienne Desmarteau
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
John Flanagan
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
James Mitchell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Triathlon
details
Max Emmerich
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
John Grieb
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Merz
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
All-around
details
Tom Kiely
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain [3]
Adam Gunn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Truxtun Hare
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1US flag 45 stars.svg  United States 23222267
2Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 1102
3Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada 1001
4Flag of France.svg  France 0101
Olympic flag.svg  Mixed team 0101
6Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany 0011
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece 0011
Totals (7 nations)25252474

Participating nations

233 athletes from 10 nations competed. This figure includes the athletic triathlon event, which some sources exclude.

Marathon

The marathon was the most bizarre event of the Games. It was run in brutally hot weather, over dusty roads, with horses and automobiles clearing the way and creating dust clouds. [4]

Hicks and his supporters at the marathon Marathon Hicks1904.jpg
Hicks and his supporters at the marathon

The first to arrive at the finish line was Frederick Lorz, who actually rode the rest of the way in a car to retrieve his clothes, after dropping out after nine miles, but after the car broke down at the 19th mile, he re-entered the race and jogged back to the finish line.

As officials and fans believed he had won the race, Lorz played along with his practical joke until he was found out shortly before the medal ceremony. He admitted the ruse, and was banned for life by the AAU; however, after Lorz apologized for this stunt and it was found he had no intention to defraud, he was reinstated, and won the 1905 Boston Marathon. [5]

Felix Carvajal on his way to 4th in the marathon Carvajal1904.jpg
Felix Carvajal on his way to 4th in the marathon

Thomas Hicks was the first to the finish legally, after having received from his trainers several doses of strychnine sulfate (a common rat poison, which stimulates the nervous system in small doses) mixed with egg whites and brandy. [6] While he was supported by his trainers when he crossed the finish line, he is still considered the winner: Hicks had to be carried off the track on a stretcher, and possibly would have died in the stadium had he not been treated by several doctors. He lost eight pounds during the course of the marathon.

A Cuban postman named Felix Carvajal joined the marathon, arriving at the last minute. He had to run in street clothes that a fellow runner cut around the legs to make them look like shorts. He stopped off in an orchard en route to have a snack on some apples which turned out to be rotten, and caused him to have to lie down and take a nap. Despite falling ill from the apples, he finished in fourth place. [7] [8]

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References

  1. "Athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics". Olympedia. Retrieved 3 September 2001.
  2. Daly represented Ireland in this event, but the IOC lists him as competing for Great Britain, which Ireland was part of at the time.
  3. Kiely represented Ireland in this event, but the IOC lists him as competing for Great Britain, which Ireland was part of at the time.
  4. "The 1904 Olympic Marathon May Have Been the Strangest Ever | History | Smithsonian Magazine".
  5. Cronin, Brian (2010-08-10). "Sports Legend Revealed: A marathon runner nearly died". Los Angeles Times . Los Angeles.
  6. Martin, David E.; Gynn, Roger W. H. (2000). The Olympic Marathon . Human Kinetics. p.  48. ISBN   9780880119696.
  7. Abbott, Karen. "The 1904 Olympic Marathon May Have Been the Strangest Ever". Smithsonian.com. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  8. Martin, David E.; Gynn, Roger W. H. (2000). The Olympic Marathon . Human Kinetics. p.  50. ISBN   9780880119696.