The modern Summer Olympic Games have been held every four years since the first Games in 1896 (except 1916 due to the First World War, 1940 and 1944 due to the Second World War, and 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic) and Olympic records are recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in each event. The athletics events, which take place at each Games, are divided into four groups: track events (including sprints, middle- and long-distance running, hurdling and relays), field events (including javelin, discus, hammer, pole vault, long and triple jumps), road events (such as walks and the marathon) and combined events (the heptathlon and the decathlon). km walk, the women's combined event is the heptathlon while the men compete in the decathlon, and the short distance hurdles for women is contested over 100 m, ten metres shorter than the men's event.Women compete in 23 athletics events during the Games, and men compete in 24; while 21 of the events are the same for both men and women, men exclusively compete in the 50
Some Olympic records have been broken but later rescinded by the IOC. In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson broke the Olympic and World record in the 100 metres sprint, but was subsequently disqualified after it was discovered that he had used anabolic steroids to enhance his performance. His record was expunged and the gold medal was instead awarded to original silver medalist American Carl Lewis.Hungarian athlete Róbert Fazekas broke the Olympic record in the men's discus in 2004 but was later stripped of both his gold medal and the record after it was deemed that he had "committed an anti-doping rule violation".
The longest standing modern Olympic athletics record is Bob Beamon's achievement in the men's long jump at the 1968 Summer Olympics. 8.90 m (29 ft 2 in), also broke the existing world record by 55 cm (22 in), and stood as the world record for 23 years until Beamon's compatriot, Mike Powell, jumped farther in the 1991 World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo.The jump, at
Note, only those events currently competed for and recognised by the IOC as Summer Olympic events are listed.
♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of August 3, 2021.
|100 metres||9.63||Usain Bolt||Jamaica (JAM)||2012 London||August 5, 2012|
|200 metres||19.30||Usain Bolt||Jamaica (JAM)||2008 Beijing||August 20, 2008|
|400 metres||♦43.03||Wayde van Niekerk||South Africa (RSA)||2016 Rio de Janeiro||August 14, 2016|
|800 metres||♦1:40.91||David Rudisha||Kenya (KEN)||2012 London||August 9, 2012|
|1,500 metres||3:28.32||Jakob Ingebrigtsen||Norway (NOR)||2020 Tokyo||August 7, 2021|
|5,000 metres||12:57.82||Kenenisa Bekele||Ethiopia (ETH)||2008 Beijing||August 23, 2008|
|10,000 metres||27:01.17||Kenenisa Bekele||Ethiopia (ETH)||2008 Beijing||August 17, 2008|
|Marathon||2:06:32||Samuel Wanjiru||Kenya (KEN)||2008 Beijing||August 24, 2008|
|110 metres hurdles||12.91||Liu Xiang||China (CHN)||2004 Athens||August 27, 2004|
|400 metres hurdles||♦45.94||Karsten Warholm||Norway (NOR)||2020 Tokyo||August 3, 2021|
|3,000 m steeplechase||8:03.28||Conseslus Kipruto||Kenya (KEN)||2016 Rio de Janeiro||August 17, 2016|
|4×100 m relay||♦36.84|| Nesta Carter |
|Jamaica (JAM)||2012 London||August 11, 2012|
|4×400 m relay||2:55.39|| LaShawn Merritt |
|United States (USA)||2008 Beijing||August 23, 2008|
|20 km walk||1:18:46||Chen Ding||China (CHN)||2012 London||August 4, 2012|
|50 km walk||3:36:53||Jared Tallent||Australia (AUS)||2012 London||August 11, 2012|
|High jump||2.39 m||Charles Austin||United States (USA)||1996 Atlanta||July 28, 1996|
|Long jump||8.90 m||Bob Beamon||United States (USA)||1968 Mexico City||October 18, 1968|
|Pole vault||6.03 m||Thiago Braz||Brazil (BRA)||2016 Rio de Janeiro||August 15, 2016|
|Triple jump||18.09 m||Kenny Harrison||United States (USA)||1996 Atlanta||July 27, 1996|
|Shot put||23.30 m||Ryan Crouser||United States (USA)||2020 Tokyo||August 5, 2021|
|Discus throw||69.89 m||Virgilijus Alekna||Lithuania (LTU)||2004 Athens||August 23, 2004|
|Hammer throw||84.80 m||Sergey Litvinov||Soviet Union (URS)||1988 Seoul||September 26, 1988|
|Javelin throw||90.57 m||Andreas Thorkildsen||Norway (NOR)||2008 Beijing||August 23, 2008|
|Decathlon||9018 pts||Damian Warner||Canada (CAN)||2020 Tokyo||August 5, 2021|
♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of July 31, 2021.
|100 metres||10.61||Elaine Thompson Herah||Jamaica (JAM)||2020 Tokyo||July 31, 2021|
|200 metres||♦21.34||Florence Griffith Joyner||United States (USA)||1988 Seoul||September 29, 1988|
|400 metres||48.25||Marie-José Pérec||France (FRA)||1996 Atlanta||July 29, 1996|
|800 metres||1:53.43||Nadezhda Olizarenko||Soviet Union (URS)||1980 Moscow||July 27, 1980|
|1,500 metres||3:53.11||Faith Kipyegon||Kenya (KEN)||2020 Tokyo||August 6, 2021|
|5,000 metres||14:26.17||Vivian Cheruiyot||Kenya (KEN)||2016 Rio de Janeiro||August 19, 2016|
|10,000 metres||29:17.45||Almaz Ayana||Ethiopia (ETH)||2016 Rio de Janeiro||August 12, 2016|
|Marathon||2:23:07||Tiki Gelana||Ethiopia (ETH)||2012 London||August 5, 2012|
|100 metres hurdles||12.26||Jasmine Camacho-Quinn||Puerto Rico (PUR)||2020 Tokyo||August 1, 2021|
|400 metres hurdles||51.46||Sydney McLaughlin||United States (USA)||2020 Tokyo||August 4, 2021|
|3,000 m steeplechase||8:58.81||Gulnara Galkina-Samitova||Russia (RUS)||2008 Beijing||August 17, 2008|
|4×100 m relay||♦40.82|| Tianna Madison |
|United States (USA)||2012 London||August 10, 2012|
|4×400 m relay||♦3:15.17|| Tatyana Ledovskaya |
|Soviet Union (URS)||1988 Seoul||October 1, 1988|
|20 km walk||1:25:16||Qieyang Shijie||China (CHN)||2012 London||August 11, 2012|
|High jump||2.06 m||Yelena Slesarenko||Russia (RUS)||2004 Athens||August 28, 2004|
|Long jump||7.40 m||Jackie Joyner-Kersee||United States (USA)||1988 Seoul||September 29, 1988|
|Pole vault||5.05 m||Yelena Isinbayeva||Russia (RUS)||2008 Beijing||August 18, 2008|
|Triple jump||15.67 m||Yulimar Rojas||Venezuela (VEN)||2020 Tokyo||August 1, 2021|
|Shot put||22.41 m||Ilona Slupianek||East Germany (GDR)||1980 Moscow||July 24, 1980|
|Discus throw||72.30 m||Martina Hellmann||East Germany (GDR)||1988 Seoul||September 29, 1988|
|Hammer throw||82.29 m||Anita Włodarczyk||Poland (POL)||2016 Rio de Janeiro||August 15, 2016|
|Javelin throw||71.53 m||Osleidys Menéndez||Cuba (CUB)||2004 Athens||August 27, 2004|
|Heptathlon||♦7291 pts||Jackie Joyner-Kersee||United States (USA)||1988 Seoul||September 24, 1988|
|4×400 m relay||3:09.87|| Karol Zalewski |
|Poland (POL)||2020 Tokyo||July 31, 2021|
The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events. The word "decathlon" was formed, in analogy to the word "pentathlon", from Greek δέκα and ἄθλος. Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved. The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes typically compete in the heptathlon.
Colin Ray Jackson, is a Welsh former sprint and hurdling athlete who specialised in the 110 metres hurdles. During a career in which he represented Great Britain and Wales, he won an Olympic silver medal, became world champion twice, World indoor champion once, was undefeated at the European Championships for 12 years and was twice Commonwealth champion. His world record of 12.91 seconds for the 110 m hurdles stood for over 10 years and his 60 metres hurdles world record stood for nearly 27 years.
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