List of Olympic records in athletics

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Athletics records in the Summer Olympic Games have been recorded since 1896. Olympic flag.svg
Athletics records in the Summer Olympic Games have been recorded since 1896.

The modern Summer Olympic Games have been held every four years since the first Games in 1896 (except 1916 due to the First World War, 1940 and 1944 due to the Second World War, and 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic) and Olympic records are recognised by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in each event. The athletics events, which take place at each Games, are divided into four groups: track events (including sprints, middle- and long-distance running, hurdling and relays), field events (including javelin, discus, hammer, pole vault, long and triple jumps), road events (such as walks and the marathon) and combined events (the heptathlon and the decathlon). [1] Women compete in 23 athletics events during the Games, [2] and men compete in 24; while 21 of the events are the same for both men and women, men exclusively compete in the 50 km walk, the women's combined event is the heptathlon while the men compete in the decathlon, and the short distance hurdles for women is contested over 100 m, ten metres shorter than the men's event. [1]

Contents

Some Olympic records have been broken but later rescinded by the IOC. In 1988, Canadian sprinter Ben Johnson broke the Olympic and World record in the 100 metres sprint, but was subsequently disqualified after it was discovered that he had used anabolic steroids to enhance his performance. His record was expunged and the gold medal was instead awarded to original silver medalist American Carl Lewis. [3] Hungarian athlete Róbert Fazekas broke the Olympic record in the men's discus in 2004 but was later stripped of both his gold medal and the record after it was deemed that he had "committed an anti-doping rule violation". [4] [5]

The longest standing modern Olympic athletics record is Bob Beamon's achievement in the men's long jump at the 1968 Summer Olympics. [6] The jump, at 8.90 m (29 ft 2 in), also broke the existing world record by 55 cm (22 in), and stood as the world record for 23 years until Beamon's compatriot, Mike Powell, jumped farther in the 1991 World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo. [7] During the 2012 Games, six men's and five women's records were broken.

Note, only those events currently competed for and recognised by the IOC as Summer Olympic events are listed. [8]

Men's records

Usain Bolt currently holds three Olympics records, two individually and one with the Jamaican 4 x 100m relay team. Usain Bolt Olympics Celebration.jpg
Usain Bolt currently holds three Olympics records, two individually and one with the Jamaican 4 × 100m relay team.
Ashton Eaton equalled Roman Sebrle's decathlon record of 8,893 in 2016. Ashton Eaton 2 Daegu 2011.jpg
Ashton Eaton equalled Roman Šebrle's decathlon record of 8,893 in 2016.
Ethiopian long-distance runner Kenenisa Bekele holds the Olympic record in both the 5,000 m and the 10,000 m. Kenenisa Bekele 2014 Paris Marathon t084500.jpg
Ethiopian long-distance runner Kenenisa Bekele holds the Olympic record in both the 5,000 m and the 10,000 m.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of 19 August 2016.

List of men's Olympic records in athletics
EventRecordAthlete(s)NationGamesDateRef(s)
100 metres 9.63  Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 2012 London August 5, 2012 [9]
200 metres 19.30  Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 2008 Beijing August 20, 2008 [10]
400 metres ♦43.03  Wayde van Niekerk Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 14, 2016 [11]
800 metres ♦1:40.91  David Rudisha Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN) 2012 London August 9, 2012 [12]
1,500 metres 3:32.07  Noah Ngeny Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN) 2000 Sydney September 29, 2000 [13]
5,000 metres 12:57.82  Kenenisa Bekele Flag of Ethiopia (1996-2009).svg  Ethiopia  (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [14]
10,000 metres 27:01.17  Kenenisa Bekele Flag of Ethiopia (1996-2009).svg  Ethiopia  (ETH) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [15]
Marathon 2:06:32  Samuel Wanjiru Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN) 2008 Beijing August 24, 2008 [16]
110 metres hurdles 12.91  Liu Xiang Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN) 2004 Athens August 27, 2004 [17]
400 metres hurdles 46.78  Kevin Young Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1992 Barcelona August 6, 1992 [18] [19]
3,000 m steeplechase 8:03.28  Conseslus Kipruto Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 17, 2016 [20]
4×100 m relay ♦36.84  Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Yohan Blake
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [21]
4×400 m relay 2:55.39  LaShawn Merritt
Angelo Taylor
David Neville
Jeremy Wariner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [22]
20 km walk 1:18:46  Chen Ding Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN) 2012 London August 4, 2012 [23]
50 km walk 3:36:53  Jared Tallent Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [24]
High jump 2.39 m  Charles Austin Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 28, 1996 [25]
Long jump 8.90 m  Bob Beamon Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1968 Mexico City October 18, 1968 [6]
Pole vault 6.03 m  Thiago Braz Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 15, 2016 [26]
Triple jump 18.09 m  Kenny Harrison Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1996 Atlanta July 27, 1996 [27]
Shot put 22.52 m  Ryan Crouser Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 18, 2016 [28]
Discus throw 69.89 m  Virgilijus Alekna Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU) 2004 Athens August 23, 2004 [29]
Hammer throw 84.80 m  Sergey Litvinov Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS) 1988 Seoul September 26, 1988 [30]
Javelin throw 90.57 m  Andreas Thorkildsen Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR) 2008 Beijing August 23, 2008 [31]
Decathlon 8893 pts  Roman Šebrle Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE) 2004 Athens August 24, 2004 [32]
Ashton Eaton Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 18, 2016 [33]

Women's records

Marie-Jose Perec of France holds the record for the 400 metres, set at the Atlanta games in 1996. Perec Atlanta 1996.jpg
Marie-José Pérec of France holds the record for the 400 metres, set at the Atlanta games in 1996.
Russian athlete Yelena Isinbayeva set the Olympic record in the pole vault in Beijing in 2008. Isinbayeva Berlin 2009.jpg
Russian athlete Yelena Isinbayeva set the Olympic record in the pole vault in Beijing in 2008.

♦ denotes a performance that is also a current world record. Statistics are correct as of 19 August 2016.

List of women's Olympic records in athletics
EventRecordAthlete(s)NationGamesDateRef(s)
100 metres 10.62  Florence Griffith Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1988 Seoul September 24, 1988 [34]
200 metres ♦21.34  Florence Griffith Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [35] [36]
400 metres 48.25  Marie-José Pérec Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA) 1996 Atlanta July 29, 1996 [37]
800 metres 1:53.43  Nadezhda Olizarenko Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS) 1980 Moscow July 27, 1980 [37]
1,500 metres 3:53.96  Paula Ivan Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania  (ROU) 1988 Seoul October 1, 1988 [37]
5,000 metres 14:26.17  Vivian Cheruiyot Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 19, 2016 [38]
10,000 metres ♦29:17.45  Almaz Ayana Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia  (ETH) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 12, 2016 [39]
Marathon 2:23:07  Tiki Gelana Flag of Ethiopia (1996-2009).svg  Ethiopia  (ETH) 2012 London August 5, 2012 [37]
100 metres hurdles 12.35  Sally Pearson Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS) 2012 London August 7, 2012 [40]
400 metres hurdles 52.64  Melaine Walker Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM) 2008 Beijing August 20, 2008 [41]
3,000 m steeplechase 8:58.81  Gulnara Galkina-Samitova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [42]
4×100 m relay ♦40.82  Tianna Madison
Allyson Felix
Bianca Knight
Carmelita Jeter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 2012 London August 10, 2012 [43]
4×400 m relay ♦3:15.17  Tatyana Ledovskaya
Olga Nazarova
Mariya Pinigina
Olga Bryzgina
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS) 1988 Seoul October 1, 1988 [44]
20 km walk 1:25:02  Elena Lashmanova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS) 2012 London August 11, 2012 [45]
High jump 2.06 m  Yelena Slesarenko Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS) 2004 Athens August 28, 2004 [25]
Long jump 7.40 m  Jackie Joyner-Kersee Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [46]
Pole vault 5.05 m  Yelena Isinbayeva Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS) 2008 Beijing August 18, 2008 [42] [47]
Triple jump 15.39 m  Françoise Mbango Etone Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon  (CMR) 2008 Beijing August 17, 2008 [48]
Shot put 22.41 m  Ilona Slupianek Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1980 Moscow July 24, 1980 [28]
Discus throw 72.30 m  Martina Hellmann Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany  (GDR) 1988 Seoul September 29, 1988 [29]
Hammer throw 82.29 m  Anita Włodarczyk Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL) 2016 Rio de Janeiro August 15, 2016 [49]
Javelin throw 71.53 m  Osleidys Menéndez Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba  (CUB) 2004 Athens August 27, 2004 [37]
Heptathlon ♦7291 pts  Jackie Joyner-Kersee Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA) 1988 Seoul September 24, 1988 [37]

See also

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