800 metres

Last updated

Athletics
800 metres
800 m final Daegu 2011.jpg
Men's 800 metres final in Daegu 2011.
World records
Men Flag of Kenya.svg David Rudisha 1:40.91 (2012)
Women Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jarmila Kratochvílová 1:53.28 (1983)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Kenya.svg David Rudisha 1:40.91 (2012)
Women Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Nadezhda Olizarenko 1:53.43 (1980)
Championship records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Donavan Brazier 1:42.34 (2019)
Women Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jarmila Kratochvílová 1:53.28 (1983)

The 800 metres, or 800 meters (US spelling), is a common track running event. It is the shortest common middle-distance running event. The 800 metres is run over two laps of the track (400-metre track) and has been an Olympic event since the first games in 1896. During indoor track season the event is usually run on a 200-metre track, therefore requiring four laps.

Contents

The event was derived from the imperial measurement of a half a mile (880 yards), a traditional English racing distance. Imperial racing distances were common in the United States. American high schools (in the name of the NFHS) were the last to convert to metric distances in 1980, following the NCAA's conversion in 1976. Countries associated to the English system converted to metric distances after the 1966 Commonwealth Games. 800 m is 4.67 m less than half a mile.

The event combines aerobic endurance with anaerobic conditioning and sprint speed. Both the aerobic and anaerobic systems are being taxed to a high extent, thus the 800-metre athlete is required to combine training between both systems.

Runners in this event are often fast enough to compete in the 400 metres or the 4 × 400 metres relay [1] but only Alberto Juantorena and Jarmila Kratochvílová have won major international titles at 400 m and 800 m. If they are so inclined, 400 m runners are usually encouraged to run the 200 metres while 800 m runners are encouraged to run the 1500 metres or long distance events.

Training

800m runners have training plans that include both speed and endurance work, in order to improve both the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems, as both of these are used in the race. Almost all 800m athletes' training will be on the track during the outdoor season (Summer), and will mostly consist of repetitions of distances between 200m and 1000m. Coaches have varying opinions on training during Winter; some argue the athlete should continue to do 800m training and racing on indoor tracks, whereas others argue that cross-country running is more beneficial as it develops strength and endurance. 800-metre runners tend to include at least one longer run per week in their training schedule, but this may be more depending on their standard. For junior athletes these may be 2–4 miles (3–6 km), however for senior athletes these may be 5–7 miles (8–11 km). Sebastian Coe ran around 60-70 (95–110 km) miles per week at his peak, whereas Steve Ovett ran 100–120 miles (160–190 km). It is worth noting that the training of these two athletes was aimed at the 1500m and mile as well as the 800m. The higher an athlete's standard, the more likely they are to do "strength and conditioning" training, which may include weight training, circuit training, or plyometrics.

Race tactics

The 800 m event is also known for its tactical racing techniques. Because the 800 m event is the shortest middle distance event that has all the runners converge on lane one, positioning on the cut-in and the position of the pack is critical to the outcome of the race. It is commonly believed that getting the first or second position early in the race is advantageous as these positions are not usually caught up in the pack. Olympic champions Dave Wottle, Yuriy Borzakovskiy and others have defied that logic by running a more evenly paced race, lagging behind the pack and kicking past the slowing early leaders. Often the winner of 800 m races at high levels are not determined by the strongest runner but instead by the athlete with the best positioning near the end of the race. This leads to a high probability of an upset. Competitive races tend to put the athletes in different lanes. [2] Sometimes the race will begin on a "waterfall" start, making the starting line much more crowded and making it difficult to have a good start. This is common in youth running, but unlikely anywhere else.

Two common tactics for the 800 metres are running a negative split or a positive split between laps. The positive split is widely considered to be the more effective strategy, but on occasion experienced runners have been known to use a negative split to their advantage. A positive split is achieved by running the first lap faster than the second lap, and a negative split is achieved by the opposite, running the second lap faster than the first. The current world record holder, David Rudisha, runs using a positive split strategy. In his 2012 Olympic race, he ran his first lap in 49.28 seconds and his second lap in 51.63 seconds. Theoretically, an even split is the most effective strategy, but it is nearly impossible to achieve due to the race's length.

Continental records

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)AthleteNationTime (s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )1:40.91 WR David Rudisha Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya1:54.01 Pamela Jelimo Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya
Asia ( records )1:42.79 Yusuf Saad Kamel Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain1:55.54 Dong Liu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Europe ( records )1:41.11 Wilson Kipketer Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark1:53.28 WR Jarmila Kratochvílová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
1:42.34 Donavan Brazier Flag of the United States.svg United States1:54.44 Ana Fidelia Quirot Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Oceania ( records )1:44.21 Joseph Deng Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia1:58.25 Toni Hodgkinson Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
South America ( records )1:41.77 Joaquim Cruz Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil1:56.58 Letitia Vriesde Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname

All-time top 25 middle-distance runners

Men

As of October 2019 [3]

RankTimeAthleteNationDateLocationRef
11:40.91 David Rudisha Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 9 August 2012 London [4]
21:41.11 Wilson Kipketer Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 24 August 1997 Cologne
31:41.73 Sebastian Coe Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 10 June 1981 Florence
1:41.73 Nijel Amos Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 9 August 2012 London [4]
51:41.77 Joaquim Cruz Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 26 August 1984 Cologne
61:42.05 Emmanuel Korir Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 22 July 2018 London [5]
71:42.23 Abubaker Kaki Khamis Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 4 June 2010 Oslo [6]
81:42.28 Sammy Koskei Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 26 August 1984 Cologne
91:42.34 Wilfred Bungei Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 8 September 2002 Rieti
Donavan Brazier Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 October 2019 Doha [7]
111:42.37 Mohammed Aman Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 6 September 2013 Brussels [8]
121:42.47 Yuriy Borzakovskiy Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 24 August 2001 Brussels
131:42.51 Amel Tuka Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina 17 July 2015 Fontvieille [9]
141:42.53 Timothy Kitum Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 9 August 2012 London
Pierre-Ambroise Bosse Flag of France.svg  France 18 July 2014 Fontvieille
161:42.54 Ferguson Rotich Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 12 July 2019 Monaco [10]
171:42.55 André Bucher Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 17 August 2001 Zürich
181:42.58 Vebjørn Rodal Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 31 July 1996 Atlanta
191:42.60 Johnny Gray Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 August 1985 Koblenz
201:42.61 Taoufik Makhloufi Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 15 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [11]
211:42.62 Patrick Ndururi Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 17 August 2001 Zürich
221:42.67 Alfred Kirwa Yego Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 6 September 2009 Rieti
231:42.69 Hezekiél Sepeng Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 3 September 2009 Brussels
Japheth Kimutai Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 3 September 2009 Brussels
251:42.79 Frederick Onyancha Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 31 July 1996 Atlanta
Yusuf Saad Kamel Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 29 July 2008 Fontvieille

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 1:42.32:

  • David Rudisha also ran 1:41.01 (2010), 1:41.09 (2010), 1:41.33 (2011), 1:41.51 (2010), 1:41.54 (2012), 1:41.74 (2012), 1:42.01 (2009), 1:42.04 (2010), 1:42.12A (2012) and 1:42.15 (2016).
  • Wilson Kipketer also ran 1:41.24 (1997), 1:41.73 (1997), 1:41.83 (1996), 1:42.17 (1996), 1:42.20 (1997), 1:42.27 (1999) and 1:42.32 (2002).
  • Nijel Amos also ran 1:41.89 (2019) and 1:42.14 (2018).

Women

RankTimeAthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
11:53.28 Jarmila Kratochvílová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 26 July 1983 Munich
21:53.43 Nadezhda Olizarenko Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 27 July 1980 Moscow
31:54.01 Pamela Jelimo Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 29 August 2008 Zürich
41:54.25 Caster Semenya Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 30 June 2018 Paris [13]
51:54.44 Ana Fidelia Quirot Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 9 September 1989 Barcelona
61:54.81 Olga Mineyeva Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 27 July 1980 Moscow
71:54.94 Tatyana Kazankina Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 26 July 1976 Montreal
81:55.05 Doina Melinte Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania 1 August 1982 Bucharest
91:55.19 Maria de Lurdes Mutola Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 17 August 1994 Zürich
Jolanda Čeplak Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 20 July 2002 Heusden-Zolder
111:55.26 Sigrun Wodars Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 31 August 1987 Rome
121:55.32 Christine Wachtel Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 31 August 1987 Rome
131:55.42 Nikolina Shtereva Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 26 July 1976 Rome
141:55.46 Tatyana Providokhina Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 27 July 1980 Moscow
151:55.47 Francine Niyonsaba Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi 21 July 2017 Monaco [14]
161:55.54 Ellen van Langen Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 3 August 1992 Barcelona
Dong Liu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 9 August 1993 Beijing
181:55.56 Lyubov Gurina Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 31 August 1987 Rome
191:55.60 Elfi Zinn Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 26 July 1976 Montreal
201:55.61 Ajeé Wilson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 21 July 2017 Monaco [14]
211:55.68 Ella Kovacs Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 2 June 1985 Bucharest
221:55.69 Irina Podyalovskaya Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 22 June 1984 Kiev
231:55.74 Anita Weiss Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 26 July 1976 Montreal
241:55.87 Svetlana Masterkova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 18 June 1999 Moscow
251:55.96 Lyudmila Veselkova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 8 September 1982 Athens
Yekaterina Podkopayeva Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 27 July 1983 Leningrad

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 1:55.28:

Juniors

World junior records (19 and under) are held by Nijel Amos (1:41.73, London, 9 August 2012) and Pamela Jelimo (1:54.01, Zürich, 29 August 2008). Both marks coincidentally rank them as the third fastest ever.

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Edwin Flack
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia
Nándor Dáni
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary
Dimitrios Golemis
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Alfred Tysoe
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
John Cregan
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
David Hall
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Jim Lightbody
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Howard Valentine
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Emil Breitkreutz
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Mel Sheppard
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Emilio Lunghi
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy
Hanns Braun
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
1912 Stockholm
details
Ted Meredith
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Mel Sheppard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ira Davenport
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Albert Hill
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Earl Eby
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bevil Rudd
Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1928).svg  South Africa
1924 Paris
details
Douglas Lowe
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Paul Martin
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland
Schuyler Enck
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
Douglas Lowe
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Erik Byléhn
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Hermann Engelhard
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Tommy Hampson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Alex Wilson
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Phil Edwards
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
1936 Berlin
details
John Woodruff
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Mario Lanzi
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy
Phil Edwards
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 (with disc).svg  Canada
1948 London
details
Mal Whitfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Arthur Wint
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
Marcel Hansenne
Flag of France.svg  France
1952 Helsinki
details
Mal Whitfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Arthur Wint
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
Heinz Ulzheimer
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
1956 Melbourne
details
Tom Courtney
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Derek Johnson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Audun Boysen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
1960 Rome
details
Peter Snell
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Roger Moens
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
George Kerr
Flag of the West Indies Federation.svg  British West Indies
1964 Tokyo
details
Peter Snell
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Bill Crothers
Canadian Red Ensign (1957-1965).svg  Canada
Wilson Kiprugut
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
1968 Mexico City
details
Ralph Doubell
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Wilson Kiprugut
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Tom Farrell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1972 Munich
details
Dave Wottle
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Yevhen Arzhanov
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Mike Boit
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
1976 Montreal
details
Alberto Juantorena
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Ivo Van Damme
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Rick Wohlhuter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Steve Ovett
Olympic flag.svg  Great Britain
Sebastian Coe
Olympic flag.svg  Great Britain
Nikolay Kirov
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Joaquim Cruz
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
Sebastian Coe
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Earl Jones
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Paul Ereng
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Joaquim Cruz
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
Saïd Aouita
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
1992 Barcelona
details
William Tanui
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Nixon Kiprotich
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Johnny Gray
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Vebjørn Rodal
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Hezekiél Sepeng
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Frederick Onyancha
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
2000 Sydney
details
Nils Schumann
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Wilson Kipketer
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Djabir Saïd-Guerni
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
2004 Athens
details
Yuriy Borzakovskiy
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Mbulaeni Mulaudzi
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Wilson Kipketer
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
2008 Beijing
details
Wilfred Bungei
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Ismail Ahmed Ismail
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan
Alfred Kirwa Yego
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
2012 London
details
David Rudisha
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Nijel Amos
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana
Timothy Kitum
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
2016 Rio
details
David Rudisha
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Taoufik Makhloufi
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
Clayton Murphy
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Lina Radke
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
Kinuye Hitomi
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Inga Gentzel
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1932–1956not included in the Olympic program
1960 Rome
details
Lyudmila Shevtsova
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Brenda Jones
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Ursula Donath
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
1964 Tokyo
details
Ann Packer
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Maryvonne Dupureur
Flag of France.svg  France
Marise Chamberlain
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
1968 Mexico City
details
Madeline Manning
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ilona Silai
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Mia Gommers
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1972 Munich
details
Hildegard Falck
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Nijolė Sabaitė
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Gunhild Hoffmeister
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1976 Montreal
details
Tatyana Kazankina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Nikolina Shtereva
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Elfi Zinn
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Nadiya Olizarenko
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Olga Mineyeva
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Tatyana Providokhina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Doina Melinte
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Kim Gallagher
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Fiţa Lovin
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
1988 Seoul
details
Sigrun Wodars
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Christine Wachtel
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Kim Gallagher
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Ellen van Langen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Liliya Nurutdinova
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Ana Fidelia Quirot
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1996 Atlanta
details
Svetlana Masterkova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Ana Fidelia Quirot
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Maria Mutola
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique
2000 Sydney
details
Maria Mutola
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique
Stephanie Graf
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
Kelly Holmes
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2004 Athens
details
Kelly Holmes
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Hasna Benhassi
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
Jolanda Čeplak
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia
2008 Beijing
details
Pamela Jelimo
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Janeth Jepkosgei
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Hasna Benhassi
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
2012 London
details
Caster Semenya
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa [15]
Ekaterina Poistogova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Vacant
2016 Rio
details
Caster Semenya
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Francine Niyonsaba
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi
Margaret Wambui
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Willi Wülbeck  (FRG)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Rob Druppers  (NED)Flag of Brazil.svg  Joaquim Cruz  (BRA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Billy Konchellah  (KEN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Peter Elliott  (GBR)Flag of Brazil.svg  José Luíz Barbosa  (BRA)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Billy Konchellah  (KEN)Flag of Brazil.svg  José Luíz Barbosa  (BRA)Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Everett  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Paul Ruto  (KEN)Flag of Italy.svg  Giuseppe D'Urso  (ITA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Billy Konchellah  (KEN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Denmark.svg  Wilson Kipketer  (DEN)Flag of Burundi.svg  Arthémon Hatungimana  (BDI)Flag of Norway.svg  Vebjørn Rodal  (NOR)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Denmark.svg  Wilson Kipketer  (DEN)Flag of Cuba.svg  Norberto Téllez  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Rich Kenah  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Denmark.svg  Wilson Kipketer  (DEN)Flag of South Africa.svg  Hezekiél Sepeng  (RSA)Flag of Algeria.svg  Djabir Saïd-Guerni  (ALG)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Switzerland.svg  André Bucher  (SUI)Flag of Kenya.svg  Wilfred Bungei  (KEN)Flag of Poland.svg  Paweł Czapiewski  (POL)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Algeria.svg  Djabir Saïd-Guerni  (ALG)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuriy Borzakovskiy  (RUS)Flag of South Africa.svg  Mbulaeni Mulaudzi  (RSA)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Rashid Ramzi  (BHR)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuriy Borzakovskiy  (RUS)Flag of Kenya.svg  William Yiampoy  (KEN)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Alfred Kirwa Yego  (KEN)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Gary Reed  (CAN)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuriy Borzakovskiy  (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Mbulaeni Mulaudzi  (RSA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Alfred Kirwa Yego  (KEN)Flag of Bahrain.svg  Yusuf Saad Kamel  (BHR)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  David Rudisha  (KEN)Flag of Sudan.svg  Abubaker Kaki  (SUD)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuriy Borzakovskiy  (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Mohammed Aman  (ETH)Flag of the United States.svg  Nick Symmonds  (USA)Flag of Djibouti.svg  Ayanleh Souleiman  (DJI)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  David Rudisha  (KEN)Flag of Poland.svg  Adam Kszczot  (POL)Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Amel Tuka  (BIH)
2017 London
details
Flag of France.svg  Pierre-Ambroise Bosse  (FRA)Flag of Poland.svg  Adam Kszczot  (POL)Flag of Kenya.svg  Kipyegon Bett  (KEN)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Donavan Brazier  (USA)Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Amel Tuka  (BIH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Ferguson Cheruiyot Rotich  (KEN)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jarmila Kratochvílová  (TCH)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Lyubov Gurina  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yekaterina Podkopayeva  (URS)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Sigrun Wodars  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Christine Wachtel  (GDR)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Lyubov Gurina  (URS)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Liliya Nurutdinova  (URS)Flag of Cuba.svg  Ana Fidelia Quirot  (CUB)Flag of Romania.svg  Ella Kovacs  (ROU)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Russia.svg  Lyubov Gurina  (RUS)Flag of Romania.svg  Ella Kovacs  (ROU)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Ana Fidelia Quirot  (CUB)Flag of Suriname.svg  Letitia Vriesde  (SUR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Kelly Holmes  (GBR)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Ana Fidelia Quirot  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Afanasyeva  (RUS)Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Ludmila Formanová  (CZE)Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Masterkova  (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Austria.svg  Stephanie Graf  (AUT)Flag of Suriname.svg  Letitia Vriesde  (SUR)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Kelly Holmes  (GBR)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Khrushcheleva  (RUS)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Zulia Calatayud  (CUB)Flag of Morocco.svg  Hasna Benhassi  (MAR)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Andrianova  (RUS)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Janeth Jepkosgei  (KEN)Flag of Morocco.svg  Hasna Benhassi  (MAR)Flag of Spain.svg  Mayte Martínez  (ESP)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Caster Semenya  (RSA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Janeth Jepkosgei  (KEN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jenny Meadows  (GBR)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Caster Semenya  (RSA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Janeth Jepkosgei  (KEN)Flag of the United States.svg  Alysia Johnson Montaño  (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Eunice Sum  (KEN)Flag of the United States.svg  Brenda Martinez  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Alysia Johnson Montaño  (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Belarus.svg  Maryna Arzamasava  (BLR)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Melissa Bishop  (CAN)Flag of Kenya.svg  Eunice Sum  (KEN)
2017 London
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Caster Semenya  (RSA)Flag of Burundi.svg  Francine Niyonsaba  (BDI)Flag of the United States.svg  Ajeé Wilson  (USA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Uganda.svg  Halimah Nakaayi  (UGA)Flag of the United States.svg  Raevyn Rogers  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Ajeé Wilson  (USA)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of Spain.svg  Colomán Trabado  (ESP)Flag of Spain.svg  Benjamín González  (ESP)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ikem Billy  (GBR)
1987 Indianapolis
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Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  José Luíz Barbosa  (BRA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Vladimir Graudyn  (URS)Flag of Morocco.svg  Faouzi Lahbi  (MAR)
1989 Budapest
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Flag of Kenya.svg  Paul Ereng  (KEN)Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  José Luíz Barbosa  (BRA)Flag of Italy.svg  Tonino Viali  (ITA)
1991 Seville
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Flag of Kenya.svg  Paul Ereng  (KEN)Flag of Spain.svg  Tomás de Teresa  (ESP)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Simon Hoogewerf  (CAN)
1993 Toronto
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Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Tom McKean  (GBR)Flag of Burundi.svg  Charles Nkazamyampi  (BDI)Flag of Germany.svg  Nico Motchebon  (GER)
1995 Barcelona
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Flag of Jamaica.svg  Clive Terrelonge  (JAM)Flag of Kenya.svg  Benson Koech  (KEN)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Pavel Soukup  (CZE)
1997 Paris
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Flag of Denmark.svg  Wilson Kipketer  (DEN)Flag of Morocco.svg  Mahjoub Haïda  (MAR)Flag of the United States.svg  Rich Kenah  (USA)
1999 Maebashi
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Flag of South Africa.svg  Johan Botha  (RSA)Flag of Denmark.svg  Wilson Kipketer  (DEN)Flag of Germany.svg  Nico Motchebon  (GER)
2001 Lisbon
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Flag of Russia.svg  Yuriy Borzakovskiy  (RUS)Flag of South Africa.svg  Johan Botha  (RSA)Flag of Switzerland.svg  André Bucher  (SUI)
2003 Birmingham
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Flag of the United States.svg  David Krummenacker  (USA)Flag of Denmark.svg  Wilson Kipketer  (DEN)Flag of Kenya.svg  Wilfred Bungei  (KEN)
2004 Budapest
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Flag of South Africa.svg  Mbulaeni Mulaudzi  (RSA)Flag of Bahrain.svg  Rashid Ramzi  (BHR)Flag of Brazil.svg  Osmar dos Santos  (BRA)
2006 Moscow
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Flag of Kenya.svg  Wilfred Bungei  (KEN)Flag of South Africa.svg  Mbulaeni Mulaudzi  (RSA)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuriy Borzakovskiy  (RUS)
2008 Valencia
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Flag of Sudan.svg  Abubaker Kaki Khamis  (SUD)Flag of South Africa.svg  Mbulaeni Mulaudzi  (RSA)Flag of Bahrain.svg  Yusuf Saad Kamel  (BHR)
2010 Doha
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Flag of Sudan.svg  Abubaker Kaki Khamis  (SUD)Flag of Kenya.svg  Boaz Kiplagat Lalang  (KEN)Flag of Poland.svg  Adam Kszczot  (POL)
2012 Istanbul
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Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Mohammed Aman  (ETH)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jakub Holuša  (CZE)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Andrew Osagie  (GBR)
2014 Sopot
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Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Mohammed Aman  (ETH)Flag of Poland.svg  Adam Kszczot  (POL)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Andrew Osagie  (GBR)
2016 Portland
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Flag of the United States.svg  Boris Berian  (USA)Flag of Burundi.svg  Antoine Gakeme  (BDI)Flag of the United States.svg  Erik Sowinski  (USA)
2018 Birmingham
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Flag of Poland.svg  Adam Kszczot  (POL)Flag of the United States.svg  Drew Windle  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Saúl Ordóñez  (ESP)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Cristieana Cojocaru  (ROU)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jane Finch  (GBR)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Mariana Simeanu  (ROU)
1987 Indianapolis
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Flag of East Germany.svg  Christine Wachtel  (GDR)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Gabriela Sedláková  (TCH)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Lyubov Kiryukhina  (URS)
1989 Budapest
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Flag of East Germany.svg  Christine Wachtel  (GDR)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Grebenchuk  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Ellen Kiessling  (GDR)
1991 Seville
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Flag of Germany.svg  Christine Wachtel  (GER)Flag of Romania.svg  Violeta Beclea  (ROU)Flag of Romania.svg  Ella Kovacs  (ROU)
1993 Toronto
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Svetlana Masterkova  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Joetta Clark  (USA)
1995 Barcelona
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Afanasyeva  (RUS)Flag of Suriname.svg  Letitia Vriesde  (SUR)
1997 Paris
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Belarus.svg  Natalya Dukhnova  (BLR)Flag of the United States.svg  Joetta Clark  (USA)
1999 Maebashi
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Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Ludmila Formanová  (CZE)Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Tsyganova  (RUS)
2001 Lisbon
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Austria.svg  Stephanie Graf  (AUT)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Helena Dziurova-Fuchsová  (CZE)
2003 Birmingham
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Austria.svg  Stephanie Graf  (AUT)Flag of Spain.svg  Mayte Martínez  (ESP)
2004 Budapest
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Jolanda Čeplak  (SLO)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Joanne Fenn  (GBR)
2006 Moscow
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Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kenia Sinclair  (JAM)Flag of Morocco.svg  Hasna Benhassi  (MAR)
2008 Valencia
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Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Tamsyn Lewis  (AUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Tetiana Petlyuk  (UKR)Flag of Mozambique.svg  Maria Mutola  (MOZ)
2010 Doha
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Flag of Russia.svg  Mariya Savinova  (RUS)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jenny Meadows  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Alysia Johnson  (USA)
2012 Istanbul
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Flag of Kenya.svg  Pamela Jelimo  (KEN)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Nataliia Lupu  (UKR)Flag of the United States.svg  Erica Moore  (USA)
2014 Sopot
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Flag of the United States.svg  Chanelle Price  (USA)Flag of Poland.svg  Angelika Cichocka  (POL)Flag of Belarus.svg  Maryna Arzamasava  (BLR)
2016 Portland
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Flag of Burundi.svg  Francine Niyonsaba  (BDI)Flag of the United States.svg  Ajeé Wilson  (USA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Margaret Wambui  (KEN)
2018 Birmingham
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Flag of Burundi.svg  Francine Niyonsaba  (BDI)Flag of the United States.svg  Ajeé Wilson  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Shelayna Oskan-Clarke  (GBR)

Season's bests

Related Research Articles

Sprint (running) running over a short distance in a limited period of time

Sprinting is running over a short distance in a limited period of time. It is used in many sports that incorporate running, typically as a way of quickly reaching a target or goal, or avoiding or catching an opponent. Human physiology dictates that a runner's near-top speed cannot be maintained for more than 30–35 seconds due to the depletion of phosphocreatine stores in muscles, and perhaps secondarily to excessive metabolic acidosis as a result of anaerobic glycolysis.

Middle-distance running events are track races longer than sprints, up to 3000 metres. The standard middle distances are the 800 metres, 1500 metres and mile run, although the 3000 metres may also be classified as a middle-distance event. The 1500 m came about as a result of running ​3 34 laps of a 400 m outdoor track or ​7 12 laps of a 200 m indoor track, which were commonplace in continental Europe in the 20th century.

Relay race team sport in athletics, swimming, etc

A relay race is a racing competition where members of a team take turns completing parts of racecourse or performing a certain action. Relay races take the form of professional races and amateur games. Relay races are common in running, orienteering, swimming, cross-country skiing, biathlon, or ice skating. In the Olympic Games, there are several types of relay races that are part of track and field. Relay race, also called Relay, a track-and-field sport consisting of a set number of stages (legs), usually four, each leg run by a different member of a team. The runner finishing one leg is usually required to pass on a baton to the next runner while both are running in a marked exchange zone. In most relays, team members cover equal distances: Olympic events for both men and women are the 400-metre and 1,600-metre relays. Some non-Olympic relays are held at distances of 800 m, 3,200 m, and 6,000 m. In the less frequently run medley relays, however, the athletes cover different distances in a prescribed order—as in a sprint medley of 200, 200, 400, 800 metres or a distance medley of 1,200, 400, 800, 1,600 metres

Steve Ovett British former middle distance runner

Stephen Michael James "Steve" Ovett OBE, is a former track athlete from England. A middle-distance runner, he was the gold medalist in the 800 metres at the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow, and set several world records for 1500 metres and the mile run and a world best at two miles.

400 metres hurdles track and field hurdling event

The 400 metres hurdles is a track and field hurdling event. The event has been on the Olympic athletics programme since 1900 for men and since 1984 for women.

400 metres Sprint running event

The 400 metres, or 400-metre dash, is a sprinting event in track and field competitions. It has been featured in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track, it is one lap around the track. Runners start in staggered positions and race in separate lanes for the entire course. In many countries, athletes previously competed in the 440-yard dash (402.336 m)—which is a quarter of a mile and was referred to as the 'quarter-mile'—instead of the 400 m (437.445 yards), though this distance is now obsolete.

4 × 400 metres relay Track and field relay event covering 1600 metres

The 4 × 400 metres relay or long relay is an athletics track event in which teams consist of four runners who each complete 400 metres or one lap. It is traditionally the final event of a track meet. At top class events, the first 500 metres is run in lanes. Start lines are thus staggered over a greater distance than in an individual 400 metres race; the runners then typically move to the inside of the track. The slightly longer 4 × 440 yards relay was a formerly run British and American event, until metrication was completed in the 1970s.

1500 metres foremost middle distance track event in athletics

The 1500 metres or 1,500-metre run is the foremost middle distance track event in athletics. The distance has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 and the World Championships in Athletics since 1983. It is equivalent to 1.5 kilometers or approximately ​1516 miles.

10,000 metres common long distance running event

The 10,000 metres or the 10,000-metre run is a common long-distance track running event. The event is part of the athletics programme at the Olympic Games and the World Athletics Championships, and is common at championship level events. The race consists of 25 laps around an Olympic-sized track. It is less commonly held at track and field meetings, due to its duration. The 10,000-metre track race is usually distinguished from its road running counterpart, the 10K run, by its reference to the distance in metres rather than kilometres.

5000 metres long-distance track running event

The 5000 metres or 5000-metre run is a common long-distance running event in track and field. It is one of the track events in the Olympic Games and the World Championships in Athletics, run over 12.5 laps of a standard track. The same distance in road running is called a 5K run. The 5000 m has been present on the Olympic programme since 1912 for men and since 1996 for women. Prior to 1996, women had competed in an Olympic 3000 metres race since 1984. The 5000 m has been held at each of the World Championships in Athletics in men's competition and since 1995 in women's.

Janeth Jepkosgei Kenyan middle-distance runner

Janeth Jepkosgei Busienei is a Kenyan middle distance runner and former world champion.

3000 metres long-distance track running event

The 3000 metres or 3000-metre run is a track running event, also commonly known as the 3K or 3K run, where 7.5 laps are completed around an outdoor 400 m track or 15 laps around a 200 m indoor track.

Mile run common middle-distance running event

The mile run is a middle-distance foot race.

3000 metres steeplechase most common distance for the steeplechase in track and field

The 3000 metres steeplechase or 3000-meter steeplechase is the most common distance for the steeplechase in track and field. It is an obstacle race over the distance of the 3000 metres, which derives its name from the horse racing steeplechase.

Nick Symmonds Athletics competitor, middle distance runner, 800 metres runner

Nicholas Boone Symmonds is a retired American middle-distance track athlete, from Boise, Idaho, specializing in the 800 meters and 1500 meters distances. Symmonds signed with Brooks Running in January 2014 after a 7-year sponsorship with Nike. In college at Willamette University he won seven NCAA Division III titles in outdoor track. Symmonds is a 6-time US National 800 meters champion. He has competed in the 800m at two Olympic Games, reaching the semi-finals in Beijing 2008, while in London 2012 he finished fifth in the final, running a personal best of 1:42.95 behind David Rudisha's world record. He won a silver medal in the 800 meters at the 2013 World Championships, having previously finished sixth in the 2009 final and fifth in 2011.

David Rudisha Kenyan middle-distance runner

David Lekuta Rudisha, MBS is a Kenyan middle-distance runner. He is the 2012 and 2016 Olympic champion, 2-time World Champion, and world record holder in the 800 metres. Rudisha is the first and only person to ever run under 1:41 for the event, and he holds the three fastest, six of the eight fastest, and half of the twenty fastest times ever run in this event. He also holds the world's best time in the 500m, with a time of 57.69, and the African record for the 600m, with a time of 1:13.10. Rudisha has won a record 3 consecutive Track & Field Athlete of the Year awards, and also won the IAAF World Athlete of the Year award in 2010.

Pamela Jelimo Kenyan middle distance runner

Pamela Jelimo is a Kenyan middle-distance runner, specialising in the 800 metres. She won the gold medal in this event at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing at the age of 18. She is the first Kenyan woman to win an Olympic gold medal and also the first Kenyan to win the Golden League Jackpot. She holds both the 800 m world junior record and the senior African record over the same distance. Jelimo is also one of the youngest women to win an Olympic gold medal for Kenya.

The 600 metres is a rarely run middle-distance running event in track and field competitions. It is most often run at high school indoor track and field competitions.

Ana Fidelia Quirot Moré is a former track and field athlete from Cuba, who specialised in the 800 metres but was also successful over 400 m. At 800 metres, she is a two-time World Champion and a two-time Olympic medallist. Her best time of 1:54.44 from 1989 still ranks her fifth on the world all-time list. She is regarded as one of the best female 800m runners of all time, and probably the best to not have an Olympic Gold medal in the event.

Sifan Hassan Ethiopian-Dutch runner

Sifan Hassan is an Ethiopian-born Dutch middle- and long-distance runner. She won two gold medals at the 2019 World Championships, in the 1500 metres and 10,000 metres events, becoming the only athlete in history to win both events at a single World Championships or Olympic Games.

References

  1. While 1500m runners are usually encouraged to run 5000 metres and/or 3000m steeplechase.
  2. Versaw, Rob. "A Fan's Guide to the 800m". Arizona Milesplit. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  3. "All-time men's best 800m". alltime-athletics.com. 19 August 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  4. 1 2 "800 Metres Results". IAAF. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
  5. "800m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 22 July 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  6. "800m Results". diamondleague-oslo.com. 4 June 2010. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
  7. "800m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  8. "800m Result" (PDF). Diamond League . Omega Timing. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2013.[ permanent dead link ]
  9. "800m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 17 July 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  10. Mike Rowbottom (12 July 2019). "Hassan breaks world mile record in Monaco with 4:12.33 - IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  11. "Men's 800m Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 15 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  12. "All-time women's best 800m". alltime-athletics.com. 16 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  13. "800m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  14. 1 2 "800m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 21 July 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  15. On 10 February 2017, the Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld a four-year ban that effectively stripped of the gold medal of Mariya Savinova of Russia, based upon her biological passport. Caster Semenya of South Africa was advanced to gold, Ekaterina Poistogova of Russia to silver, and Pamela Jelimo of Kenya to bronze. Poistogova herself was later found guilty of doping, but her Olympic results were unaffected, and the IOC decided to upgrade her medal. 1
  16. "IAAF Toplist 800m Women Outdoor". IAAF. December 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2015.