400 metres hurdles

Last updated

Athletics
400 metres hurdles
Naisten 400 m aidat.jpg
Women's 400m hurdles
World records
Men Flag of Norway.svg Karsten Warholm 45.94 (2021)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Sydney McLaughlin 50.68 (2022)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Norway.svg Karsten Warholm 45.94 (2021)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Sydney McLaughlin 51.46 (2021)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Brazil.svg Alison dos Santos 46.29 (2022)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Sydney McLaughlin 50.68 (2022)

The 400 metres hurdles is a track and field hurdling event. The event has been on the Olympic athletics programme since 1900 for men and since 1984 for women.

Contents

On a standard outdoor track, 400 metres is the length of the inside lane, once around the stadium. Runners stay in their lanes the entire way after starting out of the blocks and must clear ten hurdles that are evenly spaced around the track. The hurdles are positioned and weighted so that they fall forward if bumped into with sufficient force, to prevent injury to the runners. Although there is no longer any penalty for knocking hurdles over, runners prefer to clear them cleanly, as touching them during the race slows runners down.

The best male athletes can run the 400 m hurdles in a time of around 46 seconds, while the very best female athletes achieve a time of around 51 seconds. The current men's and women's world record holders are Karsten Warholm with 45.94 seconds and Sydney McLaughlin with 50.68 seconds. Compared to the 400 metres run, the hurdles race takes the men about three seconds longer and the women four seconds longer (except for Sydney McLaughlin). Men clear hurdles that are 36 inches (91.4 cm) high, while women negotiate 30 inches (76.2 cm) barriers.

The 400 m hurdles was held for both sexes at the inaugural IAAF World Championships in Athletics. The first championship for women came at the 1980 World Championships in Athletics – being held as a one-off due to the lack of a race at the 1980 Summer Olympics.

History

The first awards in a 400 m hurdles race were given in 1860 when a race was held in Oxford, England, over a course of 440 yards (402.336 m). While running the course, participants had to clear twelve wooden hurdles, over 100 centimetres tall, that had been spaced in even intervals.

To reduce the risk of injury, somewhat more lightweight constructions were introduced in 1895 that runners could push over. However, until 1935 runners were disqualified if they pushed over more than three hurdles in a race and records were only officially accepted if the runner in question had cleared all hurdles clean and left them all standing.

The 400 m hurdles became an Olympic event at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. At the same time, the race was standardized; thus, virtually identical races could be held and the finish times compared to one other. As a result, the official distance was fixed to 400 metres, or one lap of the stadium, and the number of hurdles was reduced to ten. The official height of the hurdles was set to 36 inches (91.4 cm). The hurdles are now placed on the course with a run-up to the first hurdle of 45 metres, distance between the hurdles of 35 metres each, and home stretch from the last hurdle to finish line of 40 metres.

The first documented 400 m hurdles race for women took place in 1971. In 1974, the International Amateur Athletics Federation (IAAF), now known as World Athletics, introduced the event officially as a discipline, with hurdles at the lower height of 30 inches (76.2 cm). The women's race was not run at the Olympics until the 1984 Summer Games in Los Angeles where it was first staged with the first Men's World Champion having been crowned the year before at the inaugural World Athletics Championships. A special edition of the Women's 400m Hurdles took place in the 1980 IAAF World Championships in Athletics in response to the Women's 400m Hurdles not being included at the boycotted 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, and Liberty Bell Classic.

Many athletic commentators and officials have often brought up the idea of lifting the height of the women's 400 m hurdles to incorporate a greater requirement of hurdling skill. This is a view held by German athletic coach Norbert Stein, "All this means that the women's hurdles for specialists, who are the target group to be dealt with in this discussion, is considerably depreciated in skill demands when compared to the men's hurdles. It should not be possible in the women's hurdles that the winner is an athlete whose performance in the flat sprint is demonstrably excellent but whose technique of hurdling is only moderate and whose anthropometric characteristics are not optimal. This was the case at the World Championships in Seville and the same problem can often be seen at international and national meetings."[ citation needed ]

Hurdling technique

In terms of technique and endurance, the 400-metre hurdles is arguably the most demanding event in the sprints and hurdles group. [1] :4169 [2] :9 Athletes must be able to run a fast 400-metre flat time, maintain a good hurdling technique, and have a unique awareness of stride pattern between hurdles. [2] :9 Furthermore, athletes must possess anaerobic endurance over the final 150 to 100 metres of the race as, at this point, lactate (the conjugate base of lactic acid) will accumulate in the body from anaerobic glycolysis. [3] :43

Block start

When preparing to hurdle, the blocks should be set so that the athlete arrives at the first hurdle leading on the desired leg without inserting a stutter step. A stutter step is when the runner has to chop his or her stride down to arrive on the "correct" leg for take off. Throughout the race, any adjustments to stride length stride speed should be made several strides out from the hurdle because a stutter or being too far from the hurdle at takeoff will result in loss of momentum and speed.

Hurdling

At the beginning of the take-off, the knee must be driven toward the hurdle and the foot then extended. The leg position when extended must be stretched out, in a position of a split. The knee should be slightly bent when crossing the hurdle. Unless an athlete's body has great flexibility, the knee must be slightly bent to allow a forward body lean. Unlike the 110m hurdles, a significant forward body lean is not that necessary due to the hurdles being lower. However, the trail leg must be kept bent and short to provide a quick lever action allowing a fast hurdle clearance. The knee should pull through under the armpit and should not be flat across the top of the hurdle.

It is also important that the hurdler does not reach out on the last stride before the hurdle as this will result in a longer bound being made to clear the hurdle. This will also result in a loss of momentum if the foot lands well in front of the center of gravity.

Stride length

Using a left lead leg on the bends allows the hurdler to run closer to the inside of the lane and cover a shorter distance. Additionally, if the left leg is used for the lead, then the athlete's upper body can be leaned to the left, making it easier to bring the trail leg through. Additionally, an athlete hurdling with a right leg lead around the bends must take care that they do not inadvertently trail their foot or toe around the hurdle rather than passing over the top, which would lead to a disqualification from the race. Depending on the height and strength of the athlete, men work toward a stride pattern of 13 to 15 steps between each hurdle, and women work toward a stride pattern of 15 to 17. This does not include the landing step from the previous hurdle. Ed Moses was the first man to keep 13 strides throughout an entire race. Weaker athletes will typically hold a longer step pattern throughout the race so that they do not bound or reach with each step, which also results in a loss of speed. These patterns are ideal because it allows the hurdler to take off from their predominant leg throughout the race without switching legs. However, fatigue from the race will knock athletes off their stride pattern and force runners to switch legs. At an early age, many coaches train their athletes to hurdle with both legs. This is a useful skill to learn since as a runner tires, their stride length may decrease, resulting in the need either to add a stutter stride, or to take a hurdle on the other leg.

Continental Records

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)AthleteNationTime (s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )47.10 Samuel Matete Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 52.90 Nezha Bidouane Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
Asia ( records )46.98 Abderrahman Samba Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 53.96 Han Qing Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Song Yinglan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Europe ( records )45.94 WR Karsten Warholm Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 52.03 Femke Bol Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
46.17 Rai Benjamin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 50.68 WR Sydney McLaughlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Oceania ( records )48.28 Rohan Robinson Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 53.17 Debbie Flintoff-King Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
South America ( records )46.29 Alison dos Santos Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 53.69 Gianna Woodruff Flag of Panama.svg  Panama

All-time top 25

Men

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
1145.94 Karsten Warholm Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 03 AUG 2021 Tokyo [8]
2246.17 Rai Benjamin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 03 AUG 2021 Tokyo [8]
3346.29 Alison dos Santos Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 19 JUL 2022 Eugene [9]
446.70Warholm #201 JUL 2021 Oslo
546.72dos Santos #203 AUG 2021 Tokyo [8]
4646.78 Kevin Young Flag of the United States.svg  United States 06 AUG 1992 Barcelona
746.80dos Santos #330 JUN 2022 Stockholm [10]
846.83Benjamin #227 JUN 2021 Eugene
946.87Warholm #323 AUG 2020 Stockholm
1046.89Benjamin #319 JUL 2022 Eugene [11]
1146.92Warholm #429 AUG 2019 Zürich
51246.98 Abderrahman Samba Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 30 JUN 2018 Paris [12]
1346.98Benjamin #429 AUG 2019 Zürich
dos Santos #408 SEP 2022 Zürich [13]
61547.02 Edwin Moses Flag of the United States.svg  United States 31 AUG 1983 Koblenz
1547.02Benjamin #508 JUN 2018 Eugene
71747.03 Bryan Bronson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 21 JUN 1998 New Orleans
1847.04Benjamin #626 JUN 2022 Eugene
1947.07Warholm #517 SEP 2020 Rome
2047.08Warholm #613 SEP 2020 Berlin
Warholm #709 JUL 2021 Monaco [14]
82247.08 Kyron McMaster Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands 03 AUG 2021 Tokyo [8]
92347.10 Samuel Matete Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 07 AUG 1991 Zürich
2347.10Warholm #814 AUG 2020 Monaco
2547.12Warholm #920 JUL 2019 London
Samba #203 AUG 2021 Tokyo [8]
Warholm #1019 AUG 2022 Munich [15]
1047.19 Andre Phillips Flag of the United States.svg  United States 25 SEP 1988 Seoul
1147.23 Amadou Dia Ba Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 25 SEP 1988 Seoul
1247.24 Kerron Clement Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 JUN 2005 Carson
1347.25 Félix Sánchez Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 29 AUG 2003 Paris
Angelo Taylor Flag of the United States.svg  United States 18 AUG 2008 Beijing
1547.30 Bershawn Jackson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 09 AUG 2005 Helsinki
1647.37 Stéphane Diagana Flag of France.svg  France 05 JUL 1995 Lausanne
1747.38 Danny Harris Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 JUL 1991 Lausanne
1847.39 Trevor Bassitt Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19 JUL 2022 Eugene [16]
1947.41 Wilfred Happio Flag of France.svg  France 19 JUL 2022 Eugene [17]
2047.43 James Carter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 09 AUG 2005 Helsinki
2147.48 Harald Schmid Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 08 SEP 1982 Athens
2247.53 Hadi Soua'an Al-Somaily Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 27 SEP 2000 Sydney
2347.54 Derrick Adkins Flag of the United States.svg  United States 05 JUL 1995 Lausanne
Fabrizio Mori Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 10 AUG 2001 Edmonton
2547.60 Winthrop Graham Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 04 AUG 1993 Zürich

Women

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
1150.68 Sydney McLaughlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22 JUL 2022 Eugene [19]
251.41McLaughlin #225 JUN 2022 Eugene [20]
351.46McLaughlin #304 AUG 2021 Tokyo [21]
2451.58 Dalilah Muhammad Flag of the United States.svg  United States 04 AUG 2021 Tokyo [21]
551.61McLaughlin #405 JUN 2022 Nashville [22]
651.68McLaughlin #508 AUG 2022 Székesfehérvár [23]
751.90McLaughlin #627 JUN 2021 Eugene [24]
3852.03 Femke Bol Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 04 AUG 2021 Tokyo [21]
952.16Muhammad #204 OCT 2019 Doha [25]
1052.17McLaughlin #720 JUL 2022 Eugene [26]
1152.20Muhammad #328 JUL 2019 Des Moines
1252.23McLaughlin #804 OCT 2019 Doha [25]
1352.27Bol #230 JUN 2022 Stockholm [27]
Bol #322 JUL 2022 Eugene [28]
41552.34 Yuliya Pechonkina Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 08 AUG 2003 Tula
1652.37Bol #404 JUL 2021 Stockholm [29]
51752.39 Shamier Little Flag of the United States.svg  United States 04 JUL 2021 Stockholm [29]
61852.42 Melaine Walker Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 20 AUG 2009 Berlin
1952.42Muhammad #427 JUN 2021 Eugene [30]
72052.47 Lashinda Demus Flag of the United States.svg  United States 01 SEP 2011 Daegu
82152.61 Kim Batten Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 AUG 1995 Gothenburg
2252.61Bol #516 JUN 2022 Oslo [31]
92352.62 Tonja Buford-Bailey Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 AUG 1995 Gothenburg
2452.63Demus #228 JUL 2009 Monaco
2552.64Walker #220 AUG 2008 Beijing
Muhammad #525 JUN 2017 Sacramento
1052.70 Natalya Antyukh Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 08 AUG 2012 London [32]
1152.74 Sally Gunnell Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 19 AUG 1993 Stuttgart
1252.77 Fani Halkia Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 22 AUG 2004 Athens
1352.79 Sandra Farmer-Patrick Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19 AUG 1993 Stuttgart
Kaliese Spencer Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 05 AUG 2011 London
1552.82 Deon Hemmings Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 31 JUL 1996 Atlanta
1652.83 Zuzana Hejnová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 15 AUG 2013 Moscow
1752.89 Daimí Pernía Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 25 AUG 1999 Seville
1852.90 Nezha Bidouane Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 25 AUG 1999 Seville
1952.94 Marina Stepanova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 17 SEP 1986 Tashkent
2052.95 Sheena Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 JUL 2004 Sacramento
Kori Carter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 25 JUN 2017 Sacramento
2252.96 Anna Ryzhykova Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 04 JUL 2021 Stockholm [29]
2353.02 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 27 SEP 2000 Sydney
2453.08 Janieve Russell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 04 AUG 2021 Tokyo [21]
Britton Wilson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 25 JUN 2022 Eugene [33]

Milestones

Most successful athletes

American athlete Glenn Davis had a prodigious start to his hurdling career, running his first race in April 1956 in 54.4 s. Two months later, he ran a new world record with 49.5 s and later that year he won the 400 m hurdles at the Olympics, and was also the first to repeat that feat in 1960.

In terms of success and longevity in competition, Edwin Moses' record is significant: he won 122 races in a row between 1977 and 1987 plus two gold medals, at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montréal and the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. He was undefeated for exactly nine years nine months and nine days, from 26 August 1977 until 4 June 1987. He finished third in the 1988 Olympic final, the last race of his career. He also held the world record for sixteen years from when he first broke it at the Olympics on 25 July 1976 until it was finally broken by Kevin Young at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.

Edwin Moses Ed moses.jpg
Edwin Moses


* Note: Edwin Moses, Kevin Young and Karsten Warholm are the only male 400 m hurdlers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion, and broken the World Record.
* Note: Sally Gunnell, Dalilah Muhammad and Sydney McLaughlin are the only female 400 m hurdlers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion, and broken the World Record.

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1900 Paris
details
Walter Tewksbury
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Henri Tauzin
Flag of France.svg  France
George Orton
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
1904 St. Louis
details
Harry Hillman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Frank Waller
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
George Poage
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Charles Bacon
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Harry Hillman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Jimmy Tremeer
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1912 Stockholmnot included in the Olympic program
1920 Antwerp
details
Frank Loomis
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
John Norton
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
August Desch
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1924 Paris
details
Morgan Taylor
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Erik Wilén
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Ivan Riley
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
David Burghley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Frank Cuhel
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Morgan Taylor
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Bob Tisdall
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland
Glenn Hardin
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Morgan Taylor
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Glenn Hardin
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
John Loaring
Canadian Red Ensign 1921-1957 (with disc).svg  Canada
Miguel White
Flag of the Philippines (1936-1985, 1986-1998).svg  Philippines
1948 London
details
Roy Cochran
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Duncan White
Flag of Ceylon (1948-1951).svg  Ceylon
Rune Larsson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1952 Helsinki
details
Charles Moore
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Yuriy Lituyev
Flag SSSR ot 5 dekabria 1936 goda.svg  Soviet Union
John Holland
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
1956 Melbourne
details
Glenn Davis
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Eddie Southern
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Josh Culbreath
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1960 Rome
details
Glenn Davis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Clifton Cushman
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dick Howard
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Rex Cawley
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
John Cooper
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Salvatore Morale
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1968 Mexico City
details
David Hemery
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Gerhard Hennige
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  West Germany
John Sherwood
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1972 Munich
details
John Akii-Bua
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda
Ralph Mann
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
David Hemery
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1976 Montreal
details
Edwin Moses
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Michael Shine
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Yevgeniy Gavrilenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1980 Moscow
details
Volker Beck
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Vasyl Arkhypenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Gary Oakes
Olympic flag.svg  Great Britain
1984 Los Angeles
details
Edwin Moses
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Danny Harris
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Harald Schmid
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
1988 Seoul
details
André Phillips
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Amadou Dia Ba
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal
Edwin Moses
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Kevin Young
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Winthrop Graham
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Kriss Akabusi
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1996 Atlanta
details
Derrick Adkins
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Samuel Matete
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia
Calvin Davis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2000 Sydney
details
Angelo Taylor
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Hadi Al-Somaily
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
Llewellyn Herbert
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
2004 Athens
details
Félix Sánchez
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
Danny McFarlane
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Naman Keïta
Flag of France.svg  France
2008 Beijing
details
Angelo Taylor
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Kerron Clement
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Bershawn Jackson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Félix Sánchez
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
Michael Tinsley
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Javier Culson
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Kerron Clement
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Boniface Mucheru Tumuti
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Yasmani Copello
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
2020 Tokyo
details
Karsten Warholm
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
Rai Benjamin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Alison dos Santos
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1984 Los Angeles
details
Nawal El Moutawakel
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
Judi Brown
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Cristieana Cojocaru
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
1988 Seoul
details
Debbie Flintoff-King
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Tatyana Ledovskaya
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Ellen Fiedler
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Sally Gunnell
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Sandra Farmer-Patrick
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Janeene Vickers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Deon Hemmings
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Kim Batten
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Tonja Buford-Bailey
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2000 Sydney
details
Irina Privalova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Deon Hemmings
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Nezha Bidouane
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
2004 Athens
details
Fani Halkia
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Ionela Târlea-Manolache
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Tetyana Tereshchuk-Antipova
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2008 Beijing
details
Melaine Walker
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Sheena Tosta
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Tasha Danvers
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2012 London
details
Natalya Antyukh
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Lashinda Demus
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Zuzana Hejnová
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Dalilah Muhammad
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Sara Petersen
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Ashley Spencer
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2020 Tokyo
details
Sydney McLaughlin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dalilah Muhammad
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Femke Bol
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Harald Schmid  (FRG)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Aleksandr Kharlov  (URS)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Danny Harris  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Harald Schmid  (FRG)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Zambia.svg  Samuel Matete  (ZAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Winthrop Graham  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Kriss Akabusi  (GBR)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Young  (USA)Flag of Zambia.svg  Samuel Matete  (ZAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Winthrop Graham  (JAM)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Derrick Adkins  (USA)Flag of Zambia.svg  Samuel Matete  (ZAM)Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Diagana  (FRA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Diagana  (FRA)Flag of South Africa.svg  Llewellyn Herbert  (RSA)Flag of the United States.svg  Bryan Bronson  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Fabrizio Mori  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Diagana  (FRA)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Marcel Schelbert  (SUI)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM)Flag of Italy.svg  Fabrizio Mori  (ITA)Flag of Japan.svg  Dai Tamesue  (JPN)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM)Flag of the United States.svg  Joey Woody  (USA)Flag of Greece.svg  Periklis Iakovakis  (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Bershawn Jackson  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  James Carter  (USA)Flag of Japan.svg  Dai Tamesue  (JPN)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA)Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM)Flag of Poland.svg  Marek Plawgo  (POL)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA)Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Javier Culson  (PUR)Flag of the United States.svg  Bershawn Jackson  (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dai Greene  (GBR)Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Javier Culson  (PUR)Flag of South Africa.svg  L. J. van Zyl  (RSA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Jehue Gordon  (TRI)Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Tinsley  (USA)Flag of Serbia.svg  Emir Bekrić  (SRB)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Nicholas Bett  (KEN)Flag of Russia.svg  Denis Kudryavtsev  (RUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Jeffery Gibson  (BAH)
2017 London
details
Flag of Norway.svg  Karsten Warholm  (NOR)Flag of Turkey.svg  Yasmani Copello  (TUR)Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Norway.svg  Karsten Warholm  (NOR)Flag of the United States.svg  Rai Benjamin  (USA)Flag of Qatar.svg  Abderrahman Samba  (QAT)
2022 Eugene
details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Alison dos Santos  (BRA)Flag of the United States.svg  Rai Benjamin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Trevor Bassitt  (USA)

Medal table

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)76417
2Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic  (DOM)2103
3Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)2002
4Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia  (ZAM)1203
5Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)1113
6Flag of Italy.svg  Italy  (ITA)1102
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)1012
8Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)1001
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)1001
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago  (TTO)1001
11Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico  (PUR)0202
12Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)0112
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica  (JAM)0112
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)0112
15Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)0101
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)0101
17Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)0022
18Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas  (BAH)0011
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)0011
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)0011
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar  (QAT)0011
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia  (SRB)0011
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union  (URS)0011
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland  (SUI)0011
Totals (24 entries)18181854

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1980 Sittard
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Bärbel Broschat  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Ellen Neumann  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Petra Pfaff  (GDR)
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yekaterina Fesenko  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Ana Ambrazienė  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Ellen Neumann-Fiedler  (GDR)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Sabine Busch  (GDR)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Debbie Flintoff  (AUS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Cornelia Feuerbach  (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Ledovskaya  (URS)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Sally Gunnell  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Janeene Vickers  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Sally Gunnell  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandra Farmer-Patrick  (USA)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Margarita Ponomaryova  (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kim Batten  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Tonja Buford  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Deon Hemmings  (JAM)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Morocco.svg  Nezha Bidouane  (MAR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Deon Hemmings  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Kim Batten  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Daimí Pernía  (CUB)Flag of Morocco.svg  Nezha Bidouane  (MAR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Deon Hemmings  (JAM)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Morocco.svg  Nezha Bidouane  (MAR)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechonkina  (RUS)Flag of Cuba.svg  Daimí Pernía  (CUB)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Jana Pittman  (AUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandra Glover  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechonkina  (RUS)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechonkina  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandra Glover  (USA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Jana Rawlinson  (AUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechenkina  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Anna Jesień  (POL)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Melaine Walker  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Josanne Lucas  (TRI)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Melaine Walker  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Antyukh  (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Zuzana Hejnová  (CZE)Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Zuzana Hejnová  (CZE)Flag of the United States.svg  Shamier Little  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Cassandra Tate  (USA)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kori Carter  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Ristananna Tracey  (JAM)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sydney McLaughlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Rushell Clayton  (JAM)
2022 Eugene
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Sydney McLaughlin  (USA)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Femke Bol  (NED)Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA)

Season's bests

Men's
YearTimeAthletePlace
197148.9Flag of the United States.svg  Ralph Mann  (USA) Helsinki
197247.82Flag of Uganda.svg  John Akii-Bua  (UGA) Munich
197348.54Flag of Uganda.svg  John Akii-Bua  (UGA) Lagos
197448.1Flag of the United States.svg  Jim Bolding  (USA) Milan
197548.4Flag of the United States.svg  Jim Bolding  (USA) Milan
197647.63Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Montreal
197747.45Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Westwood
197847.94Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Zürich
197947.53Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Montreal
198047.13Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Milan
198147.14Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Lausanne
198247.48Flag of Germany.svg  Harald Schmid  (FRG) Athens
198347.02Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Koblenz
198447.32Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Koblenz
198547.63Flag of the United States.svg  Danny Harris  (USA) Zürich
198647.38Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Lausanne
198747.46Flag of the United States.svg  Edwin Moses  (USA) Rome
198847.19Flag of the United States.svg  Andre Phillips  (USA) Seoul
198947.86Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Young  (USA) Berlin
199047.49Flag of the United States.svg  Danny Harris  (USA) Lausanne
199147.10Flag of Zambia.svg  Samuel Matete  (ZAM) Zürich
199246.78Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Young  (USA) Barcelona
199347.18Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Young  (USA) Stuttgart
199447.70Flag of the United States.svg  Derrick Adkins  (USA) Linz
199547.37Flag of France.svg  Stéphane Diagana  (FRA) Lausanne
199647.54Flag of the United States.svg  Derrick Adkins  (USA) Atlanta
199747.64Flag of the United States.svg  Bryan Bronson  (USA) Monaco
199847.03Flag of the United States.svg  Bryan Bronson  (USA) New Orleans
199947.72Flag of Italy.svg  Fabrizio Mori  (ITA) Seville
200047.50Flag of the United States.svg  Angelo Taylor  (USA) Sydney
200147.38Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM) Zürich
200247.35Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM) Zürich
200347.25Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM) Saint-Denis
200447.63Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM) Athens
200547.24Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA) Carson
200647.39Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA) Indianapolis
200747.61Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA) Osaka
200847.25Flag of the United States.svg  Angelo Taylor  (USA) Beijing
200947.91Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA) Berlin
201047.32Flag of the United States.svg  Bershawn Jackson  (USA) Des Moines
201147.66Flag of South Africa.svg  L. J. van Zyl  (RSA) Pretoria; Ostrava
201247.63Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Félix Sánchez  (DOM) London
201347.69Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Jehue Gordon  (TRI) Moscow
201448.03Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Javier Culson  (PUR) New York City
201547.79Flag of Kenya.svg  Nicholas Bett  (KEN) Beijing
201647.73Flag of the United States.svg  Kerron Clement  (USA) Rio de Janeiro
201747.80Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  Kyron McMaster  (IVB) Kingston
201846.98Flag of Qatar.svg  Abderrahman Samba  (QAT) Paris
201946.92Flag of Norway.svg  Karsten Warholm  (NOR) Zürich
202046.87Flag of Norway.svg  Karsten Warholm  (NOR) Stockholm
202145.94Flag of Norway.svg  Karsten Warholm  (NOR) Tokyo
202246.29Flag of Brazil.svg  Alison dos Santos  (BRA) Eugene
Women's
YearTimeAthletePlace
1971
1972
197356.7Flag of Poland.svg  Danuta Piecyk  (POL) Warsaw
197456.51Flag of Poland.svg  Krystyna Kacperczyk  (POL) Augsburg
1975
1976
197755.63Flag of East Germany.svg  Karin Roßley  (GDR) Helsinki
197854.89Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Zelentsova  (URS) Prague
197954.78Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Marina Stepanova  (URS) Moscow
198054.28Flag of East Germany.svg  Karin Roßley  (GDR) Jena
198154.79Flag of East Germany.svg  Ellen Fiedler  (GDR) Jena
198254.57Flag of Sweden.svg  Ann-Louise Skoglund  (SWE) Athens
198354.02Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Anna Ambrazienė  (URS) Moscow
198453.58Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Margarita Ponomaryova  (URS) Kyiv
198553.55Flag of East Germany.svg  Sabine Busch  (GDR) Berlin
198652.94Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Marina Stepanova  (URS) Tashkent
198753.24Flag of East Germany.svg  Sabine Busch  (GDR) Potsdam
198853.17Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Debbie Flintoff-King  (AUS) Seoul
198953.37Flag of the United States.svg  Sandra Farmer-Patrick  (USA) New York City
199053.62Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Ledovskaya  (URS) Split
199153.11Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Ledovskaya  (URS) Tokyo
199253.23Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Sally Gunnell  (GBR) Barcelona
199352.74Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Sally Gunnell  (GBR) Stuttgart
199453.33Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Sally Gunnell  (GBR) Helsinki
199552.61Flag of the United States.svg  Kim Batten  (USA) Gothenburg
199652.82Flag of Jamaica.svg  Deon Hemmings  (JAM) Atlanta
199752.97Flag of the United States.svg  Kim Batten  (USA) Indianapolis
Flag of Morocco.svg  Nezha Bidouane  (MAR) Athens
199852.74Flag of the United States.svg  Kim Batten  (USA) Monaco
199952.89Flag of Cuba.svg  Daimí Pernía  (CUB) Seville
200053.02Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS) Sydney
200153.34Flag of Morocco.svg  Nezha Bidouane  (MAR) Edmonton
200253.10Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechonkina  (RUS) Tula
200352.34Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechonkina  (RUS) Tula
200452.77Flag of Greece.svg  Faní Halkiá  (GRE) Athens
200552.90Flag of Russia.svg  Yuliya Pechonkina  (RUS) Helsinki
200653.02Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA) Athens
200753.28Flag of the United States.svg  Tiffany Williams  (USA) Indianapolis
200852.64Flag of Jamaica.svg  Melaine Walker  (JAM) Beijing
200952.42Flag of Jamaica.svg  Melaine Walker  (JAM) Berlin
201052.82Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA) Rome
201152.47Flag of the United States.svg  Lashinda Demus  (USA) Daegu
201252.70Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Antyukh  (RUS) London
201352.83Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Zuzana Hejnová  (CZE) Moscow
201453.41Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kaliese Spencer  (JAM) Kingston
201553.50Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Zuzana Hejnová  (CZE) Beijing
201652.88Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA) Eugene
201752.64Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA) Sacramento
201852.75Flag of the United States.svg  Sydney McLaughlin  (USA) Knoxville
201952.16Flag of the United States.svg  Dalilah Muhammad  (USA) Doha
202053.79Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Femke Bol  (NED) Arnhem
202151.46Flag of the United States.svg  Sydney McLaughlin  (USA) Tokyo
202250.68Flag of the United States.svg  Sydney McLaughlin  (USA) Eugene

Notes and references

  1. Lindeman, Ralph (1995). McGill, Kevin (ed.). "400 Meter Hurdle Theory" . Track Coach. El Camino Real: Track & Field News (131): 4169–4171, 4196. ISSN   0041-0314. OCLC   477310277 . Retrieved 3 August 2021. Formerly Track Technique. Spring 1995 edition. Reprinted from the October 1994 edition of the Hurdle Times newsletter published by the USATF Men's Development Committee.
  2. 1 2 Schiffer, Jürgen (2012). International Amateur Athletic Federation. "The 400m Hurdles". New Studies in Athletics. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer Sport. 27 (1–2): 9–25. ISSN   0961-933X. OCLC   751170802. Archived from the original on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  3. Iskra, Janus (1991). International Amateur Athletic Federation. "Endurance in the 400 metres Hurdles". New Studies in Athletics. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer Sport. 6 (2): 43–50. ISSN   0961-933X. OCLC   751170802. Archived from the original on 4 August 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  4. "Men's outdoor 400 Metres Hurdles| Records". worldathletics.org. World Athletics . Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  5. "Women's outdoor 400 Metres Hurdles | Records". worldathletcs.org. World Athletics . Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  6. Larsson, Peter (10 August 2019). "All-time men's best 400m hurdles". Track and Field all-time Performances. Archived from the original on 15 September 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. "All time Top Lists: Senior Outdoor, 400 Metres Hurdles, Men". World Athletics . Retrieved 21 November 2021. (select the "All" option when filtering by athlete)
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 "Men's 400m Hurdles Results" (PDF). olympics.com. 3 August 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  9. "Men's 400m Hurdles Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  10. Simon Turnbull (30 June 2022). "Duplantis scales 6.16m in Stockholm for highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  11. "Men's 400m Hurdles Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  12. "400m Hurdles Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 30 June 2018. Retrieved 1 July 2018.
  13. Jess Whittington; Jon Mulkeen (8 September 2022). "Amusan and Lyles break meeting records en route to Diamond League wins in Zurich". World Athletics. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
  14. "400m Hurdles Result" (PDF). sportresult.com. 9 July 2021. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  15. "Men's 400m Hurdles Final Results" (PDF). European Athletics. 19 August 2022. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  16. "Men's 400m Hurdles Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  17. "Men's 400m Hurdles Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 19 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  18. "400 Metres Hurdles Women All Time". IAAF . Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  19. "400m Hurldes Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 22 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  20. Karen Rosen (26 June 2022). "McLaughlin breaks world 400m hurdles record with 51.41 at US Championships". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  21. 1 2 3 4 "Athletics - Final Results". olympics.com. Archived from the original on 31 July 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.[ dead link ]
  22. "Sydney McLaughlin runs 51.61 seconds in her first 400m hurdles race this year in Nashville". watchathletics.com. 5 June 2022. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  23. Chris Broadbent (8 August 2022). "McLaughlin sets European all-comers' record of 51.68 in Szekesfehervar". World Athletics. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  24. Ron Dicker (28 June 2021). "Sydney McLaughlin Shatters World Record in 400-Meter Hurdles at U.S. Olympic Trials". HuffPost. Retrieved 28 June 2021.
  25. 1 2 "400m Hurdles Results" (PDF). IAAF. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  26. "Women's 400m Hurdles Semi-Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  27. Simon Turnbull (30 June 2022). "Duplantis scales 6.16m in Stockholm for highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  28. "400m Hurldes Final Results" (PDF). World Athletics. 22 July 2022. Retrieved 23 July 2022.
  29. 1 2 3 Jess Whittington (4 July 2021). "Duplantis soars over meeting record in Stockholm". World Athletics. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  30. Roy Jordan (28 June 2021). "McLaughlin smashes world 400m hurdles record in Eugene with 51.90". World Athletics. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  31. Jon Mulkeen (16 June 2022). "Ingebrigtsen, Bol and Duplantis in record-breaking form in Oslo". World Athletics. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  32. "400 Metres Hurdles Results". IAAF. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  33. Karen Rosen (26 June 2022). "McLaughlin breaks world 400m hurdles record with 51.41 at US Championships". World Athletics. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  34. Abrahamson, Alan (3 August 2021). "Abrahamson: Warholm, Benjamin deliver greatest 400m hurdle race in human history | NBC Olympics". nbcolympics.com. Archived from the original on 3 August 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  35. IAAF World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics.

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