High jump

Last updated
Athletics
High jump
Nicole Forrester.JPG
Canadian high jumper Nicole Forrester demonstrating the Fosbury flop
World records
Men Flag of Cuba.svg Javier Sotomayor 2.45 m (8 ft 14 in) (1993)
Women Flag of Bulgaria.svg Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) (1987)
Olympic records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Charles Austin 2.39 m (7 ft 10 in) (1996)
Women Flag of Russia.svg Yelena Slesarenko 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) (2004)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Ukraine.svg Bohdan Bondarenko 2.41 m (7 ft 10+34 in) (2013)
Women Flag of Bulgaria.svg Stefka Kostadinova 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) (1987)

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern, most-practiced format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

Contents

The discipline is, alongside the pole vault, one of two vertical clearance events to feature on the Olympic athletics program. It is contested at the World Championships in Athletics and IAAF World Indoor Championships, and is a common occurrence at track and field meetings. The high jump was among the first events deemed acceptable for women, having been held at the 1928 Olympic Games.

Javier Sotomayor (Cuba) is the current men's record holder with a jump of 2.45 m (8 ft 14 in) set in 1993 – the longest standing record in the history of the men's high jump. Stefka Kostadinova (Bulgaria) has held the women's world record at 2.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in) since 1987, also the longest-held record in the event.

Rules

Yelena Slesarenko hitting the bar while using the Fosbury Flop technique Yelena Slesarenko failing 2007.jpg
Yelena Slesarenko hitting the bar while using the Fosbury Flop technique

The rules for the high jump are set internationally by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Jumpers must take off on one foot. A jump is considered a failure if the bar is dislodged by the action of the jumper whilst jumping or the jumper touches the ground or breaks the plane of the near edge of the bar before clearance. The technique one uses for the jump must be almost flawless in order to have a chance of clearing a high bar.

Competitors may begin jumping at any height announced by the chief judge, or may pass, at their own discretion. Most competitions state that three consecutive missed jumps, at any height or combination of heights, will eliminate the jumper from competition.

The victory goes to the jumper who clears the greatest height during the final. Tie-breakers are used for any place in which scoring occurs. If two or more jumpers tie for one of these places, the tie-breakers are: 1) the fewest misses at the height at which the tie occurred; and 2) the fewest misses throughout the competition.

If the event remains tied for first place (or a limited advancement position to a subsequent meet), the jumpers have a jump-off, beginning at the next greater height. Each jumper has one attempt. The bar is then alternately lowered and raised until only one jumper succeeds at a given height. [1]

History

Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics 1912 Konstantinos Tsiklitiras2.JPG
Konstantinos Tsiklitiras during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

The first recorded high jump event took place in Scotland in the 19th century. Early jumpers used either an elaborate straight-on approach or a scissors technique. In later years, soon then after, the bar was approached diagonally, and the jumper threw first the inside leg and then the other over the bar in a scissoring motion. Around the turn of the 20th century, techniques began to change, beginning with the Irish-American Michael Sweeney's Eastern cut-off . By taking off like the scissors and extending his spine and flattening out over the bar, Sweeney raised the world record to 1.97 m (6 ft 5+12 in) in 1895.

Another American, George Horine, developed an even more efficient technique, the Western roll . In this style, the bar again is approached on a diagonal, but the inner leg is used for the take-off, while the outer leg is thrust up to lead the body sideways over the bar. Horine increased the world standard to 2.01 m (6 ft 7 in) in 1912. His technique was predominant through the Berlin Olympics of 1936, in which the event was won by Cornelius Johnson at 2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in).

American and Soviet jumpers were the most successful for the next four decades, and they pioneered the evolution of the straddle technique. Straddle jumpers took off as in the Western roll, but rotated their (belly-down) torso around the bar, obtaining the most efficient and highest clearance (of the bar) up to that time. Straddle-jumper, Charles Dumas, was the first to clear 7 feet (2.13 m), in 1956, American John Thomas pushed the world mark to 2.23 m (7 ft 3+34 in) in 1960. Valeriy Brumel took over the event for the next four years. The elegant Soviet jumper radically sped up his approach run, took the record up to 2.28 m (7 ft 5+34 in), and won the Olympic gold medal in 1964, before a motorcycle accident ended his career.

Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (
5 ft 2+1/2 in). EthelCatherwood1928.jpg
Gold medal winner Ethel Catherwood of Canada scissors over the bar at the 1928 Summer Olympics. Her winning result was 1.59 m (5 ft 2+12 in).
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics 1912 Platt Adams5.JPG
Platt Adams during the standing high jump competition at the 1912 Summer Olympics

American coaches, including two-time NCAA champion Frank Costello of the University of Maryland, flocked to Russia to learn from Brumel and his coaches. However, it would be a solitary innovator at Oregon State University, Dick Fosbury, who would bring the high jump into the next century.

Taking advantage of the raised, softer, artificially-cushioned landing areas by then in use, Fosbury added a new twist to the outmoded Eastern Cut-off. He directed himself over the bar head and shoulders first, sliding over on his back and landing in a fashion which would likely have resulted in serious injury in the old ground-level landing pits usually filled with sawdust or sand mixtures.

After he used this Fosbury flop to win the 1968 Olympic gold medal, the technique began to spread around the world, and soon floppers were dominating international high jump competitions. The last straddler to set a world record was Vladimir Yashchenko, who cleared 2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in) in 1977 and then 2.35 m (7 ft 8+12 in) indoors in 1978.

Among renowned high jumpers following Fosbury's lead were Americans Dwight Stones and his rival, 1.73 metres (5 ft 8 in) tall Franklin Jacobs of Paterson, NJ, who cleared 2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in), 0.59 metres (1 ft 11 in) over his head (a feat equalled 27 years later by Sweden's Stefan Holm); Chinese record-setters Ni-chi Chin and Zhu Jianhua; Germans Gerd Wessig and Dietmar Mögenburg; Swedish Olympic medalist and former world record holder Patrik Sjöberg; and female jumpers Iolanda Balaş of Romania, Ulrike Meyfarth of Germany and Italy's Sara Simeoni.

Technical aspects

Step by step

The most important aspect to put of all pieces of the jump together is the body mechanics the jumper uses to jump. Technique and form has evolved greatly over the history of high jump. The popularity of a style depend upon the time period as listed here:

Beginnings(1790–1875)two legged lift over bar
Basic Scissors(1875–1892)standing jump and straight run-up
Eastern Cut-off scissors(1892–1912)scissors with rotation
Western Roll(1912–1930)early straddle technique
Straddle(1930–1960)basic straddle technique
Dive Straddle(1960–1968)advanced straddle technique
Fosbury Flop(from 1968)the currently most common technique used

The Fosbury Flop is currently deemed as the most efficient way for competitors of the event to propel themselves over the bar. Still depending on the individual athletes specific strengths and weaknesses there are variations on the separate pieces that make up the jump.

Approach

For a Fosbury flop depending on the athletes jump foot they will start on the right or left of the mat. Placing their jump foot furthest away from the high jump mat. The athlete will have an eight to ten step approach in total, the last five steps being a curve with three or five steps before on a straight. The athlete will want to mark their approach to attempt to find as much consistency as possible.

The approach run of the high jump may actually be more important than the take-off. If a high jumper runs with bad timing or without enough aggression, clearing a high bar becomes more of a challenge. The approach requires a certain shape or curve, the right amount of speed, and the correct number of strides. The approach angle is also critical for optimal height.

The straight run will build the momentum and set the tone for the athletes jump. The athlete will start by pushing off with the take off foot with slow powerful steps then begin to quicken and accelerate them. The athlete should be tall and running up right by the end of their three or five steps.

On the first step of the curve the athletes take off foot will be landing, they will want to continue accelerating and curving focusing the body towards the opposite back corner of the high jump mat. While staying tall, erect, and leaning away from the mat the athlete should make sure that their final two steps are flat footed, rolling from the heel to toe as well as being the quickest steps.

Most great straddle jumpers have a run at angles of about 30 to 40 degrees. The length of the run is determined by the speed of the person's approach. A slower run requires about 8 strides. However, a faster high jumper might need about 13 strides. A greater run speed allows a greater part of the body's forward momentum to be converted upward. [2]

The J type approach, favored by Fosbury floppers, allows for horizontal speed, the ability to turn in the air (centripetal force), and good take-off position. This allows for horizontal momentum to turn into vertical momentum, propelling the jumper off the ground and over the bar. The approach should be a hard controlled stride so that a person does not fall from creating an angle with speed. Athletes should run tall and lean on the curve, from the ankles and not the hips. This allows the correct angle to force their hips to rotate during take-off, which allows their center of gravity to pass under the bar. [3]

Take-off

The take off can have slight variations depending on what feels most natural to the athlete. The double arm take off and the single arm take off. With most things in common, for both the athlete should make sure not to take off at the center of the bar. The plant foot should be the foot furthest away from the bar, angled towards the opposite back corner of the matt, and driving the non take off leg knee up. Keeping in mind this is a vertical jump pushing all force straight up. This will be accompanied with a one or two arm swing while driving the knee.

Unlike the classic straddle technique, where the take-off foot is "planted" in the same spot at every height, flop-style jumpers must adjust their take-off as the bar is raised. Their approach run must be adjusted slightly so that their take-off spot is slightly further out from the bar in order to allow their hips to clear the bar while still maintaining enough momentum to carry their legs across the bar. Jumpers attempting to reach record heights commonly fail when most of their energy is directed into the vertical effort, and they brush the bar off the standards with the backs of their legs as they stall out in mid-air.

An effective approach shape can be derived from physics. For example, the rate of backward spin required as the jumper crosses the bar to facilitate shoulder clearance on the way up and foot clearance on the way down can be determined by computer simulation. This rotation rate can be back-calculated to determine the required angle of lean away from the bar at plant, based on how long the jumper is on the take-off foot. This information, together with the jumper's speed in the curve, can be used to calculate the radius of the curved part of the approach. This is a lot of work and requires measurements of running speed and time of take-off foot on the ground. However, one can work in the opposite direction by assuming an approach radius and watching the resulting backward rotation. This only works if some basic rules are followed in how one executes the approach and take-off.

Drills can be practiced to solidify the approach. One drill is to run in a straight line (the linear part of the approach) and then run two to three circles spiraling into one another. Another is to run or skip a circle of any size, two to three times in a row. [4] It is important to train to leap upwards without first leaning into the bar, allowing the momentum of the J approach to carry the body across the bar.

Flight

The athlete's non take off leg knee will naturally turn their body placing them in the air with their back to the bar. The athlete will then drive their shoulders to the back of their feet arching their body over the bar. The athlete can look over their right shoulder then judge appropriately when to kick both feet over their head causing their body to miss the bar and land on the mat. [5] [6]

Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle Ruth Beitia Valence 2008.jpg
Spanish jumper Ruth Beitia approaching the bar from an angle

Training

In high jump, it helps if the athlete is tall, has long legs, and limited weight on their body. They must have a strong lower body and flexibility will help a lot as well. High jumpers tend to go through very vigorous training methods to achieve this ideal body frame.

Sprinting

High jumpers must have a fast approach so it is crucial to work on speed and also speed endurance. Many high jump competitions may take hours and athletes must make sure they have the endurance to last the entire competition. Common sprint endurance workouts for high jumpers include 200-, 400-, and 800-meter training. Other speed endurance training methods such as hill training or a ladder workout may also be used.

Weight lifting

It is crucial for high jumpers to have strong lower bodies and cores, as the bar progressively gets higher, the strength of an athlete's legs (along with speed and technique) will help propel them over the bar. Squats, deadlifts, and core exercises will help a high jumper to achieve these goals. It is important, however, for a high jumper to keep a slim figure as any unnecessary weight makes it difficult to jump higher.

Plyometrics

Arguably the most important training for a high jumper is plyometric training. Because high jump is such a technical event, any mistake in the technique could either lead to failure, injury, or both. To prevent these from happening, high jumpers tend to focus heavily on plyometrics. This includes hurdle jumps, flexibility training, skips, or scissor kick training. Plyometric workouts tend to be performed at the beginning of the workout. [7] [8]

All-time top 25

Key

  set prior to IAAF acceptance of indoor events as equivalent with outdoor events (in 2000)

Men (absolute)

RankMarkAthleteDatePlaceRef
12.45 m (8 ft 14 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)27 July 1993 Salamanca
22.43 m (7 ft 11+12 in)Flag of Qatar.svg  Mutaz Essa Barshim  (QAT)5 September 2014 Brussels [13]
32.42 m (7 ft 11+14 in)Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Sjöberg  (SWE)30 June 1987 Stockholm
Flag of Germany.svg  Carlo Thränhardt  (FRG)26 February 1988 Berlin (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Ivan Ukhov  (RUS)25 February 2014 Prague (indoor) [14]
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Bohdan Bondarenko  (UKR)14 June 2014 New York City [15]
72.41 m (7 ft 10+34 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Igor Paklin  (URS)4 September 1985 Kobe
82.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Rudolf Povarnitsyn  (URS)11 August 1985 Donetsk
Flag of Romania.svg  Sorin Matei  (ROM)20 June 1990 Bratislava
Flag of the United States.svg  Hollis Conway  (USA)10 March 1991 Seville (indoor)
Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Austin  (USA)7 August 1991 Zürich
Flag of Russia.svg  Vyacheslav Voronin  (RUS)5 August 2000 London
Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)6 March 2005 Madrid (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksey Dmitrik  (RUS)8 February 2014 Arnstadt (indoor)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Derek Drouin  (CAN) [16] 25 April 2014 Des Moines
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Andriy Protsenko  (UKR)3 July 2014 Lausanne [17]
ANA flag (2017).svg  Danil Lysenko  (ANA)20 July 2018 Fontvieille [18]
182.39 m (7 ft 10 in)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhu Jianhua  (CHN)10 June 1984 Eberstadt
Flag of Germany.svg  Dietmar Mögenburg  (FRG)24 February 1985 Cologne (indoor)
Flag of Germany.svg  Ralf Sonn  (GER)1 March 1991 Berlin (indoor)
Flag of Italy.svg  Gianmarco Tamberi  (ITA)15 July 2016 Monaco [19]
222.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko  (URS)
7 March 1987 Indianapolis (indoor)
6 September 1987 Rome
2 October 1987 Seoul
25 September 1988
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Malchenko  (URS)4 September 1988 Banska Bystrica
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Dragutin Topić  (SCG)1 August 1993 Belgrade
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Steve Smith  (GBR)4 February 1994 Wuppertal (indoor)
Flag of Germany.svg  Wolf-Hendrik Beyer  (GER)10 March 1994 Weinheim (indoor)
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Troy Kemp  (BAH)12 July 1995 Nice
Flag of Poland.svg  Artur Partyka  (POL)18 August 1996 Eberstadt
Flag of the United States.svg  Matt Hemingway  (USA)4 March 2000 Atlanta (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)15 February 2005 Stockholm (indoor)
6 March 2005 Madrid (indoor)
3 February 2007 Arnstadt (indoor)
10 February 2008 Moscow (indoor)
Flag of South Africa.svg  Jacques Freitag  (RSA)5 March 2005 Oudtshoorn
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Andriy Sokolovskyy  (UKR)8 July 2005 Rome
Flag of Russia.svg  Andrey Silnov  (RUS)25 July 2005 London
Flag of Sweden.svg  Linus Thörnblad  (SWE)25 February 2007 Gothenburg (indoor)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhang Guowei  (CHN)30 May 2015 Eugene

Notes

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary jumps) equal or superior to 2.40 m:

  • Javier Sotomayor also jumped 2.44 (1989), 2.43 (1988 & 1989i), 2.42 (1994), 2.41 (1993i & 1994) and 2.40 (1989, 1991, 1993, 2 × 1994i, 1994 & 1995).
  • Mutaz Essa Barshim also jumped 2.42 (2014 & 2015i), 2.41 (2014, 2015i & 2015) and 2.40 (2015i, 2016, 2017 & 2018).
  • Ivan Ukhov also jumped 2.41 (2014i & 2014) and 2.40 (2009i & 2014i).
  • Bohdan Bondarenko also jumped 2.41 (2013) and 2.40 (2014).
  • Patrik Sjöberg also jumped 2.41 (1987i) and 2.40 (1987i).
  • Carlo Thränhardt also jumped 2.40 (1987i).

Women (absolute)

RankMarkAthleteDatePlaceRef
12.09 m (6 ft 10+14 in)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)30 August 1987 Rome
22.08 m (6 ft 9+34 in)Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)6 February 2006 Arnstadt (indoor)
Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)31 August 2009 Zagreb
42.07 m (6 ft 9+14 in)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Lyudmila Andonova  (BUL)20 July 1984 Berlin
Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Henkel  (GER)8 February 1992 Karlsruhe (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)22 July 2011 Cheboksary
72.06 m (6 ft 9 in)Flag of South Africa.svg  Hestrie Cloete  (RSA)31 August 2003 Saint-Denis
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Slesarenko  (RUS)28 August 2004 Athens
Flag of Germany.svg  Ariane Friedrich  (GER)14 June 2009 Berlin
ANA flag (2017).svg  Mariya Lasitskene  (ANA)6 July 2017 Lausanne [20]
20 June 2019 Ostrava [21]
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Yaroslava Mahuchikh  (UKR)2 February 2021 Banská Bystrica (indoor) [22]
122.05 m (6 ft 8+12 in)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tamara Bykova  (URS)22 June 1984 Kyiv
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)15 September 1995 Tokyo
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Tia Hellebaut  (BEL)3 March 2007 Birmingham (indoor)
23 August 2008 Beijing
Flag of the United States.svg  Chaunté Lowe  (USA)26 June 2010 Des Moines
162.04 m (6 ft 8+14 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Silvia Costa  (CUB)9 September 1989 Barcelona
Flag of Germany.svg  Alina Astafei  (GER)3 March 1995 Berlin (indoor)
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Venelina Veneva-Mateeva  (BUL)2 June 2002 Kalamata
Flag of Italy.svg  Antonietta Di Martino  (ITA)9 February 2011 Banská Bystrica (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Gordeeva  (RUS)19 August 2012 Eberstadt
Flag of the United States.svg  Brigetta Barrett  (USA)22 June 2013 Des Moines
222.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in)Flag of Germany.svg  Ulrike Meyfarth  (FRG)21 August 1983 London
Flag of the United States.svg  Louise Ritter  (USA)8 July 1988 Austin
30 September 1988 Seoul
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Motkova  (RUS)30 May 1995 Bratislava
Flag of Greece.svg  Niki Bakoyianni  (GRE)3 August 1996 Atlanta
Flag of Romania.svg  Monica Iagăr  (ROU)23 January 1999 Bucharest (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Marina Kuptsova  (RUS)2 March 2002 Vienna (indoor)
Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Shkolina  (RUS)11 August 2012 London

Notes

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary jumps) equal or superior to 2.05 m:

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Ellery Harding Clark
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
James Connolly
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
none awarded
Robert Garrett
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
1900 Paris
details
Irving Baxter
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Patrick Leahy
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Lajos Gönczy
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary
1904 St. Louis
details
Samuel Jones
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Garrett Serviss
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Paul Weinstein
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
1908 London
details
Harry Porter
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Géo André
Flag of France.svg  France
none awarded
Con Leahy
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
István Somodi
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary
1912 Stockholm
details
Alma Richards
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Hans Liesche
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
George Horine
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Richmond Landon
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Harold Muller
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bo Ekelund
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Harold Osborn
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Leroy Brown
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Pierre Lewden
Flag of France.svg  France
1928 Amsterdam
details
Bob King
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Benjamin Hedges
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Claude Ménard
Flag of France.svg  France
1932 Los Angeles
details
Duncan McNaughton
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Bob Van Osdel
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Simeon Toribio
Flag of the Philippines (1919-1936).svg  Philippines
1936 Berlin
details
Cornelius Johnson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Dave Albritton
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Delos Thurber
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1948 London
details
John Winter
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Bjørn Paulson
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
George Stanich
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Walt Davis
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ken Wiesner
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
José da Conceição
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil
1956 Melbourne
details
Charles Dumas
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Chilla Porter
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Igor Kashkarov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Robert Shavlakadze
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Valeriy Brumel
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
John Thomas
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1964 Tokyo
details
Valeriy Brumel
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
John Thomas
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
John Rambo
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1968 Mexico City
details
Dick Fosbury
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ed Caruthers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Valentin Gavrilov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Jüri Tarmak
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Stefan Junge
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Dwight Stones
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Jacek Wszoła
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Greg Joy
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Dwight Stones
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Gerd Wessig
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Jacek Wszoła
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Jörg Freimuth
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Dietmar Mögenburg
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Patrik Sjöberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Zhu Jianhua
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
1988 Seoul
details
Hennadiy Avdyeyenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Hollis Conway
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Rudolf Povarnitsyn
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Patrik Sjöberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1992 Barcelona
details
Javier Sotomayor
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Patrik Sjöberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Hollis Conway
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Tim Forsyth
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Artur Partyka
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
1996 Atlanta
details
Charles Austin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Artur Partyka
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Steve Smith
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2000 Sydney
details
Sergey Klyugin
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Javier Sotomayor
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Abderahmane Hammad
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
2004 Athens
details
Stefan Holm
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Matt Hemingway
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jaroslav Bába
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
2008 Beijing
details
Andrey Silnov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Germaine Mason
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Yaroslav Rybakov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2012 London
details
Not awarded Erik Kynard
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Mutaz Essa Barshim
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar
Derek Drouin
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Robert Grabarz
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Derek Drouin
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Mutaz Essa Barshim
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar
Bohdan Bondarenko
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Ethel Catherwood
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Lien Gisolf
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Mildred Wiley
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Jean Shiley
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Babe Didrikson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Eva Dawes
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
1936 Berlin
details
Ibolya Csák
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary
Dorothy Odam
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Elfriede Kaun
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
1948 London
details
Alice Coachman
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Dorothy Tyler
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Micheline Ostermeyer
Flag of France.svg  France
1952 Helsinki
details
Esther Brand
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
Sheile Lerwill
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Aleksandra Chudina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Mildred McDaniel
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Thelma Hopkins
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
none awarded
Mariya Pisareva
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Iolanda Balaș
Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
Jarosława Jóźwiakowska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
none awarded
Dorothy Shirley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Iolanda Balaș
Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg  Romania
Michele Brown
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Taisia Chenchik
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Miloslava Rezková
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Antonina Okorokova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Valentina Kozyr
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Ulrike Meyfarth
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Yordanka Blagoeva
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Ilona Gusenbauer
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
1976 Montreal
details
Rosemarie Ackermann
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Sara Simeoni
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Yordanka Blagoeva
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
1980 Moscow
details
Sara Simeoni
Olympic flag.svg  Italy
Urszula Kielan
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Jutta Kirst
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Ulrike Meyfarth
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Sara Simeoni
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Joni Huntley
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Louise Ritter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Stefka Kostadinova
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Tamara Bykova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Heike Henkel
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Alina Astafei
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Ioamnet Quintero
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1996 Atlanta
details
Stefka Kostadinova
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Niki Bakoyianni
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Inha Babakova
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2000 Sydney
details
Yelena Yelesina
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Hestrie Cloete
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Kajsa Bergqvist
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Oana Pantelimon
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
2004 Athens
details
Yelena Slesarenko
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Hestrie Cloete
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Vita Styopina
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2008 Beijing
details
Tia Hellebaut
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium
Blanka Vlašić
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
Chaunté Howard
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Anna Chicherova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Brigetta Barrett
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Svetlana Shkolina
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ruth Beitia
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
Mirela Demireva
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Blanka Vlašić
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko  (URS)Flag of the United States.svg  Tyke Peacock  (USA)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhu Jianhua  (CHN)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Sjöberg  (SWE)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko  (URS)
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Igor Paklin  (URS)
none awarded
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Austin  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Hollis Conway  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Poland.svg  Artur Partyka  (POL)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Steve Smith  (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Troy Kemp  (BAH)Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Poland.svg  Artur Partyka  (POL)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Poland.svg  Artur Partyka  (POL)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Tim Forsyth  (AUS)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Vyacheslav Voronin  (RUS)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Mark Boswell  (CAN)Flag of Germany.svg  Martin Buß  (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Martin Buß  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)
Flag of Russia.svg  Vyacheslav Voronin  (RUS)
none awarded
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Jacques Freitag  (RSA)Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Mark Boswell  (CAN)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Yuriy Krymarenko  (UKR)Flag of Cuba.svg  Víctor Moya  (CUB)
Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)
none awarded
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Donald Thomas  (BAH)Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of Cyprus.svg  Kyriakos Ioannou  (CYP)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of Cyprus.svg  Kyriakos Ioannou  (CYP)Flag of Poland.svg  Sylwester Bednarek  (POL)
Flag of Germany.svg  Raúl Spank  (GER)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jesse Williams  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksey Dmitrik  (RUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Trevor Barry  (BAH)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Bohdan Bondarenko  (UKR)Flag of Qatar.svg  Mutaz Essa Barshim  (QAT)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Derek Drouin  (CAN)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Derek Drouin  (CAN)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Bohdan Bondarenko  (UKR)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhang Guowei  (CHN)
none awarded
2017 London
details
Flag of Qatar.svg  Mutaz Essa Barshim  (QAT)ANA flag (2017).svg  Danil Lysenko  (ANA)Flag of Syria.svg  Majd Eddin Ghazal  (SYR)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Qatar.svg  Mutaz Essa Barshim  (QAT)ANA flag (2017).svg  Mikhail Akimenko  (ANA)ANA flag (2017).svg  Ilya Ivanyuk  (ANA)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tamara Bykova  (URS)Flag of Germany.svg  Ulrike Meyfarth  (FRG)Flag of the United States.svg  Louise Ritter  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tamara Bykova  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Susanne Beyer  (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Henkel  (GER)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yelena Yelesina  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Inha Babakova  (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Ioamnet Quintero  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Silvia Costa  (CUB)Flag of Austria.svg  Sigrid Kirchmann  (AUT)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of Germany.svg  Alina Astafei  (GER)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Norway.svg  Hanne Haugland  (NOR)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)
Flag of Russia.svg  Olga Kaliturina  (RUS)
none awarded
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Yelesina  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Lapina  (RUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Hestrie Cloete  (RSA)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Hestrie Cloete  (RSA)Flag of Russia.svg  Marina Kuptsova  (RUS)Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)Flag of the United States.svg  Chaunté Howard  (USA)Flag of Sweden.svg  Emma Green  (SWE)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)
Flag of Italy.svg  Antonietta Di Martino  (ITA)
none awarded
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Germany.svg  Ariane Friedrich  (GER)Flag of Italy.svg  Antonietta Di Martino  (ITA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Italy.svg  Antonietta Di Martino  (ITA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Shkolina  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Brigetta Barrett  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)
Flag of Spain.svg  Ruth Beitia  (ESP)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Mariya Kuchina  (RUS)Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)
2017 London
details
ANA flag (2017).svg  Mariya Lasitskene  (ANA)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Yuliya Levchenko  (UKR)Flag of Poland.svg  Kamila Lićwinko  (POL)
2019 Doha
details
ANA flag (2017).svg  Mariya Lasitskene  (ANA)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Yaroslava Mahuchikh  (UKR)Flag of the United States.svg  Vashti Cunningham  (USA)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Sjöberg  (SWE)Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Algeria.svg  Othmane Belfaa  (ALG)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Igor Paklin  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Hennadiy Avdyeyenko  (URS)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Ján Zvara  (TCH)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Germany.svg  Dietmar Mögenburg  (FRG)Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Sjöberg  (SWE)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Hollis Conway  (USA)Flag of Poland.svg  Artur Partyka  (POL)Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Aleksey Yemelin  (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Sjöberg  (SWE)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Steve Smith  (GBR)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Greece.svg  Labros Papakostas  (GRE)Flag of the United States.svg  Tony Barton  (USA)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Austin  (USA)Flag of Greece.svg  Labros Papakostas  (GRE)Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Dragutin Topić  (FRY)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Vyacheslav Voronin  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Austin  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Andriy Sokolovskyy  (UKR)Flag of Sweden.svg  Staffan Strand  (SWE)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of Belarus.svg  Henadz Maroz  (BLR)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of Romania.svg  Ștefan Vasilache  (ROU)
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Germaine Mason  (JAM)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jaroslav Bába  (CZE)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Andrey Tereshin  (RUS)Flag of Sweden.svg  Linus Thörnblad  (SWE)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of Cyprus.svg  Kyriakos Ioannou  (CYP)
Flag of the United States.svg  Andra Manson  (USA)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Ivan Ukhov  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Dusty Jonas  (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Dimitrios Chondrokoukis  (GRE)Flag of Russia.svg  Andrey Silnov  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Ivan Ukhov  (RUS)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Qatar.svg  Mutaz Essa Barshim  (QAT)Flag of Russia.svg  Ivan Ukhov  (RUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Andriy Protsenko  (UKR)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Gianmarco Tamberi  (ITA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Robert Grabarz  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Erik Kynard  (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
ANA flag (2017).svg  Danil Lysenko  (ANA)Flag of Qatar.svg  Mutaz Essa Barshim  (QAT)Flag of Germany.svg  Mateusz Przybylko  (GER)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of Sweden.svg  Susanne Lorentzon  (SWE)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Debbie Brill  (CAN)
Flag of Poland.svg  Danuta Bułkowska  (POL)
Flag of Cuba.svg  Silvia Costa  (CUB)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of East Germany.svg  Susanne Beyer  (GDR)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Emilia Dragieva  (BUL)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tamara Bykova  (URS)Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Redetzky  (FRG)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Henkel  (GER)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tamara Bykova  (URS)Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Balck  (GER)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Henkel  (GER)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Alina Astafei  (GER)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Britta Bilač  (SLO)Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Henkel  (GER)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)Flag of Norway.svg  Hanne Haugland  (NOR)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Khristina Kalcheva  (BUL)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Zuzana Hlavoňová  (CZE)Flag of the United States.svg  Tisha Waller  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inha Babakova  (UKR)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Venelina Veneva  (BUL)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Yelesina  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Slesarenko  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Slesarenko  (RUS)Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Spain.svg  Ruth Beitia  (ESP)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Slesarenko  (RUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Vita Palamar  (UKR)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)Flag of Spain.svg  Ruth Beitia  (ESP)Flag of the United States.svg  Chaunté Lowe  (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Chaunté Lowe  (USA)Flag of Italy.svg  Antonietta Di Martino  (ITA)
Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Ebba Jungmark  (SWE)
none awarded
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Mariya Kuchina  (RUS)
Flag of Poland.svg  Kamila Lićwinko  (POL)
none awardedFlag of Spain.svg  Ruth Beitia  (ESP)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Vashti Cunningham  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Ruth Beitia  (ESP)Flag of Poland.svg  Kamila Lićwinko  (POL)
2018 Birmingham
details
ANA flag (2017).svg  Mariya Lasitskene  (ANA)Flag of the United States.svg  Vashti Cunningham  (USA)Flag of Italy.svg  Alessia Trost  (ITA)

Athletes with most medals

Athletes who have won multiple titles at the two most important competitions, the Olympic Games and the World Championships:

Kostadinova and Sotomayor are the only high jumpers to have been Olympic Champion, World Champion and broken the world record.

Men

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental ChampionshipsContinental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Asian
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
Flag of Cuba.svg  Javier Sotomayor  (CUB)110220410201---1003001341
Flag of Germany.svg  Dietmar Mögenburg  (FRG)100000010100521000---731
Flag of Sweden.svg  Stefan Holm  (SWE)100010400011210000---721
Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Sjöberg  (SWE)021100111000400000---632
Flag of South Korea.svg  Lee Jin-Taek  (KOR)000000000310---101200611
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Igor Paklin  (URS)000010100100000200---410
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Valeriy Brumel  (URS)110------100000200---410
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhu Jianhua  (CHN)001001000200---000200402
Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Austin  (USA)100100101100---000000401
Flag of Russia.svg  Yaroslav Rybakov  (RUS)001130140100011100---382
Flag of Serbia.svg  Dragutin Topić  (SRB)000000001100102100001304
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Vladimir Yashchenko  (URS)000------100200000---300
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Gennadiy Avdeyenko  (URS)100110010000001000---221
Flag of the United States.svg  Hollis Conway  (USA)011001100000---110001223

Women

Athlete Olympic Games World Championships World Indoor Championships Continental ChampionshipsContinental Indoor Championships Universiade Regional Games
Mediterranean
Pan American
Commonwealth
Total
Gold medal olympic.svg Silver medal olympic.svg Bronze medal olympic.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold medal europe.svg Silver medal europe.svg Bronze medal europe.svg Gold FISU.svg Silver FISU.svg Bronze FISU.svg Gold MedGames.svg Silver MedGames.svg Bronze MedGames.svg Gold medal icon.svg Silver medal icon.svg Bronze medal icon.svg
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Stefka Kostadinova  (BUL)110200500100410000---1320
Flag of Italy.svg  Sara Simeoni  (ITA)1200000001024002122001024
Flag of Russia.svg  Mariya Lasitskene  (RUS)---300200110200010---820
Flag of Spain.svg  Ruth Beitia  (ESP)100001022300131100000654
Flag of Croatia.svg  Blanka Vlašić  (CRO)011220211100000000100642
Flag of South Africa.svg  Hestrie Cloete  (RSA)020200000300000000100620
Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Henkel  (FRG)100100112100201000---613
Flag of Romania.svg  Iolanda Balaş  (ROM)200------210000200---610
Flag of Germany.svg  Ulrike Meyfarth  (FRG)200010000100200010---520
Flag of Sweden.svg  Kajsa Bergqvist  (SWE)001102200101110000---514
Flag of East Germany.svg  Rosemarie Ackermann  (GDR)100------110300000---510
Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Chicherova  (RUS)10*122021000100100---443
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tamara Bykova  (URS)001110110010110101---422
Alina Astafei
(Romania & Germany)
010010100001211100---432
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Tia Hellebaut  (BEL)100000100100100000---400
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Slesarenko  (RUS)100000210000000001---311
Flag of Italy.svg  Antonietta Di Martino  (ITA)000011010000100000110231

Season's bests

Height differentials

All time lists of athletes with the highest recorded jumps above their own height. [23] [24]

Men

RankDifferentialAthleteHeightMark
10.59 m (1 ft 11 in) Franklin Jacobs 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in)
Stefan Holm 1.81 m (5 ft 11+14 in)2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
30.58 m (1 ft 10+34 in) Rick Noji 1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in)
Anton Riepl 1.75 m (5 ft 8+34 in)2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in)
Linus Thörnblad 1.80 m (5 ft 10+34 in)2.38 m (7 ft 9+12 in)
60.57 m (1 ft 10+14 in) Hollis Conway 1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
70.56 m (1 ft 10 in) Takahiro Kimino 1.76 m (5 ft 9+14 in)2.32 m (7 ft 7+14 in)
Sorin Matei 1.84 m (6 ft 14 in)2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
Charles Austin 1.84 m (6 ft 14 in)2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
Aleksey Dmitrik 1.84 m (6 ft 14 in)2.40 m (7 ft 10+14 in)
110.55 m (1 ft 9+12 in) Hari Shankar Roy 1.70 m (5 ft 6+34 in)2.25 m (7 ft 4+12 in)
Robert Wolski 1.76 m (5 ft 9+14 in)2.31 m (7 ft 6+34 in)
Marcello Benvenuti 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in)
Milton Ottey 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)2.33 m (7 ft 7+12 in)

Women

RankDifferentialAthleteHeightMark
10.35 m (1 ft 1+34 in) Antonietta Di Martino 1.69 m (5 ft 6+12 in)2.04 m (6 ft 8+14 in)
20.33 m (1 ft 34 in) Niki Bakoyianni 1.70 m (5 ft 6+34 in)2.03 m (6 ft 7+34 in)
Kajsa Bergqvist 1.75 m (5 ft 8+34 in)2.08 m (6 ft 9+34 in)
40.32 m (1 ft 12 in) Emilia Dragieva 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in)
Yolanda Henry 1.68 m (5 ft 6 in)2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in)
60.31 m (1 ft 0 in) Marie Collonvillé 1.63 m (5 ft 4 in)1.94 m (6 ft 4+14 in)
Inika McPherson 1.65 m (5 ft 4+34 in)1.96 m (6 ft 5 in)
80.30 m (11+34 in) Cindy Holmes 1.53 m (5 ft 0 in)1.83 m (6 ft 0 in)
Jessica Ennis 1.65 m (5 ft 4+34 in)1.95 m (6 ft 4+34 in)
Antonella Bevilacqua 1.69 m (5 ft 6+12 in)1.99 m (6 ft 6+14 in)
Lyudmila Andonova 1.77 m (5 ft 9+12 in)2.07 m (6 ft 9+14 in)

Female two metres club

As of April 2021, 77 different female athletes had ever been able to jump 2.00 m (6 ft 6+12 in). [11] [12]

#NationsAthletes
16Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Anna Chicherova 2.07, Elena Slesarenko 2.06, Mariya Lasitskene 2.06, Tamara Bykova 2.05, Irina Gordeeva 2.04, Marina Kuptsova 2.03,
Svetlana Shkolina 2.03, Tatyana Babashkina 2.03, Yelena Yelesina 2.02, Yelena Gulyayeva 2.01, Svetlana Lapina 2.00
Ekaterina Savchenko 2.00, Larisa Kositsyna 2.00, Viktoriya Klyugina 2.00, Viktoriya Seryogina 2.00, Yuliya Lyakhova 2.00
9Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Heike Henkel 2.07, Ariane Friedrich 2.06, Alina Astafei 2.04, Ulrike Meyfarth 2.03, Gabriele Günz 2.01, Heike Balck 2.01,
Daniela Rath 2.00, Meike Kröger 2.00, Marie-Laurence Jungfleisch 2.00
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chaunté Lowe 2.05, Brigetta Barrett 2.04, Louise Ritter 2.03, Amy Acuff 2.01, Tisha Waller 2.01,
Coleen Sommer 2.00, Jan Wohlschlag 2.00, Yolanda Henry 2.00, Vashti Cunningham 2.00
7Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Yaroslava Mahuchikh 2.06, Inha Babakova 2.05, Vita Styopina 2.02, Yuliya Levchenko 2.02, Iryna Mykhalchenko 2.01, Vita Palamar 2.01, Lyudmila Avdeyenko 2.00
6Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Stefka Kostadinova 2.09, Lyudmila Andonova 2.07, Venelina Veneva-Mateeva 2.04, Emilia Dragieva 2.00, Svetlana Isaeva-Leseva 2.00, Mirela Demireva 2.00
4Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Antonietta Di Martino 2.04, Elena Vallortigara 2.02, Sara Simeoni 2.01, Alessia Trost 2.00
3Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Hestrie Cloete 2.06, Desiré du Plessis 2.01, Charmaine Gale-Weavers 2.00
2Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Kajsa Bergqvist 2.08, Emma Green Tregaro 2.01
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Silvia Costa 2.04, Ioamnet Quintero 2.01
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany Susanne Beyer 2.02, Rosemarie Ackermann 2.00
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Tia Hellebaut 2.05, Nafissatou Thiam 2.01
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Tatyana Shevchik 2.00, Karyna Taranda 2.00
1Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Blanka Vlašić 2.08
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Niki Bakogianni 2.03