400 metres

Last updated
Athletics
400 metres
400m CIF San Diego Championship 2007.jpg
The closing stages of a men's 400 m race
World records
Men Flag of South Africa.svg Wayde van Niekerk 43.03 (2016)
Women Flag of East Germany.svg Marita Koch 47.60 (1985)
Olympic records
Men Flag of South Africa.svg Wayde van Niekerk 43.03 (2016)
Women Flag of France.svg Marie-José Pérec 48.25 (1996)
Championship records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Michael Johnson 43.18 (1999)
Women Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Jarmila Kratochvílová 47.99 (1983)

The 400 metres, or 400-metre dash, is a sprinting event in track and field competitions. It has been featured in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track, it is one lap around the track. Runners start in staggered positions and race in separate lanes for the entire course. In many countries, athletes previously competed in the 440-yard dash (402.336 m)—which is a quarter of a mile and was referred to as the 'quarter-mile'—instead of the 400 m (437.445 yards), though this distance is now obsolete.

Contents

Like other sprint disciplines, the 400 m involves the use of starting blocks. The runners take up position in the blocks on the 'ready' command, adopt a more efficient starting posture which isometrically preloads their muscles on the 'set' command, and stride forwards from the blocks upon hearing the starter's pistol. The blocks allow the runners to begin more powerfully and thereby contribute to their overall sprint speed capability. Maximum sprint speed capability is a significant contributing factor to success in the event, but athletes also require substantial speed endurance and the ability to cope well with high amounts of lactic acid to sustain a fast speed over a whole lap. While considered to be predominantly an anaerobic event, there is some aerobic involvement and the degree of aerobic training required for 400-metre athletes is open to debate. [1]

The current men's world record is held by Wayde van Niekerk of South Africa, with a time of 43.03 seconds; van Niekerk is also the Olympic champion. Steven Gardiner is the reigning World Champion. The world indoor record holder is Michael Norman, in 44.52 seconds. The current women's world record is held by Marita Koch, with a time of 47.60 seconds. Salwa Eid Naser is the reigning women's world champion, while Shaunae Miller holds the women's Olympic title. Jarmila Kratochvílová holds the world indoor record at 49.59 dating back to 1982. The men's T43 Paralympic world record of 45.07 seconds is held by Oscar Pistorius. [2]

An Olympic double of 200 metres and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Marie-José Pérec of France and Michael Johnson from the United States on the same evening in 1996. Alberto Juantorena of Cuba at the 1976 Summer Olympics became the first and so far the only athlete to win both the 400 m and 800 m Olympic titles. Pérec became the first to defend the Olympic title in 1996, Johnson became the first and only man to do so in 2000. From 31 appearances in the Olympic Games, the men's gold medallist came from the US 19 times.

Continental records

Updated 21 December 2018. [3] [4]

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)AthleteNationTime (s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )43.03 WR Wayde van Niekerk Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa49.10 Falilat Ogunkoya Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
Asia ( records )43.93 Yousef Ahmed Masrahi Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia48.14 Salwa Eid Naser Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain
Europe ( records )44.33 Thomas Schönlebe Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany47.60 WR Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
43.18 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg United States48.37 Shaunae Miller-Uibo Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas
Oceania ( records )44.38 Darren Clark Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia48.63 Cathy Freeman Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
South America ( records )44.29 Sanderlei Parrela Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil49.64 Ximena Restrepo Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia

All-time top 25 sprinters

Men

RankTimeAthleteNationDateLocationRef
143.03 Wayde van Niekerk Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa14 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [6]
243.18 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg United States26 August 1999 Seville
343.29 Butch Reynolds Flag of the United States.svg United States17 August 1988 Zürich
443.45 Jeremy Wariner Flag of the United States.svg United States31 August 2007 Osaka
Michael Norman Flag of the United States.svg United States20 April 2019 Torrance [7]
643.48 Steven Gardiner Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas4 October 2019 Doha [8]
743.50 Quincy Watts Flag of the United States.svg United States5 August 1992 Barcelona
843.64 Fred Kerley Flag of the United States.svg United States27 July 2019 Des Moines [9]
943.65 LaShawn Merritt Flag of the United States.svg United States26 August 2015 Beijing [10]
1043.72 Isaac Makwala Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana5 July 2015 La Chaux-de-Fonds [11]
1143.74 Kirani James Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada3 July 2014 Lausanne [12]
1243.81 Danny Everett Flag of the United States.svg United States26 June 1992 New Orleans
1343.86 A Lee Evans Flag of the United States.svg United States18 October 1968 Mexico City
1443.87 Steve Lewis Flag of the United States.svg United States28 September 1988 Seoul
1543.93 Yousef Ahmed Masrahi Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia23 August 2015 Beijing [13]
Rusheen McDonald Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica
1743.94 Akeem Bloomfield Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8 June 2018 Eugene [14]
1843.97 A Larry James Flag of the United States.svg United States18 October 1968 Mexico City
1944.01 Machel Cedenio Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago14 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [15]
2044.02 Baboloki Thebe Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana6 July 2017 Lausanne [16]
2144.05 Angelo Taylor Flag of the United States.svg United States23 June 2007 Indianapolis
2244.07 Abdalleleh Haroun Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar21 July 2018 London [17]
2344.09 Alvin Harrison Flag of the United States.svg United States19 June 1996 Atlanta
Jerome Young Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1998 New Orleans
2544.10 Gary Kikaya Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo9 September 2006 Stuttgart

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 43.87:

  • Michael Johnson also ran 43.39 (1995), 43.44 (1996), 43.49 (1996), 43.65 (1993) 43.66 (1995), 43.66 (1996), 43.68 (1998), 43.68 (2000), 43.74 (1993), 43.75 (1997), 43.84 (2000) and 43.86 (1995).
  • Wayde van Niekerk also ran 43.48 (2015), 43.62 (2017) and 43.73 (2017).
  • Jeremy Wariner also ran 43.50 (2007), 43.62 (2006), 43.82 (2008) and 43.86 (2008).
  • Michael Norman also ran 43.61 (2018) and 43.79 (2019).
  • Fred Kerley also ran 43.70 (2017).
  • Quincy Watts also ran 43.71 (1992) and 43.83 (1992).
  • LaShawn Merritt also ran 43.74 (2013), 43.75 (2008) and 43.85 (2016).
  • Kirani James also ran 43.76 (2016) and 43.78 (2015).
  • Isaac Makwala also ran 43.84 (2017).
  • Steven Gardiner also ran 43.87 (2018).

Women

RankTimeAthleteNationDateLocationRef
147.60 Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany6 October 1985 Canberra
247.99 Jarmila Kratochvílová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia10 August 1983 Helsinki
348.14 Salwa Eid Naser Flag of Bahrain.svg Bahrain3 October 2019 Doha [20]
448.25 Marie-José Pérec Flag of France.svg France29 July 1996 Atlanta
548.27 Olga Bryzgina Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union6 October 1985 Canberra
648.37 Shaunae Miller-Uibo Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas3 October 2019 Doha [20]
748.59 Taťána Kocembová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia10 August 1983 Helsinki
848.63 Cathy Freeman Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia29 July 1996 Atlanta
948.70 Sanya Richards Flag of the United States.svg United States16 September 2006 Athens
1048.83 Valerie Brisco-Hooks Flag of the United States.svg United States6 August 1984 Los Angeles
1148.89 Ana Guevara Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico27 August 2003 Paris Saint-Denis
1249.05 Chandra Cheeseborough Flag of the United States.svg United States6 August 1984 Los Angeles
1349.07 Tonique Williams-Darling Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas12 September 2004 Berlin
1449.10 Falilat Ogunkoya Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria29 July 1996 Atlanta
1549.11 Olga Nazarova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union25 September 1988 Seoul
1649.16 Antonina Krivoshapka Flag of Russia.svg Russia5 July 2012 Cheboksary
1749.19 Mariya Pinigina Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union10 August 1983 Helsinki
Aminatou Seyni Flag of Niger.svg Niger5 July 2019 Lausanne [21]
1949.24 Sabine Busch Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany2 June 1984 Erfurt
2049.26 Allyson Felix Flag of the United States.svg United States27 August 2015 Beijing [22]
2149.28 Pauline Davis Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas29 July 1996 Atlanta
Yuliya Gushchina Flag of Russia.svg Russia5 July 2012 Cheboksary
2349.29 Irena Szewinska Flag of Poland.svg Poland29 July 1976 Montreal
Charity Opara Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria14 July 1998 Rome
2549.30 Petra Müller Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany3 June 1988 Jena
Lorraine Fenton Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica19 July 2002 Monaco

Notes

Below is a list of other times superior to 49.08:

Indoor Top 15

Men indoor

Updated 9 March 2019. [23]

RankTimeAthleteNationDateLocationRef
144.52 Michael Norman Flag of the United States.svg United States10 March 2018 College Station
244.57 Kerron Clement Flag of the United States.svg United States12 March 2005 Fayetteville
344.63 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg United States4 March 1995 Atlanta
444.80 Kirani James Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada27 February 2011 Fayetteville
544.82 Tyrell Richard Flag of the United States.svg United States9 March 2019 Birmingham [24]
644.85 Fred Kerley Flag of the United States.svg United States11 March 2017 College Station
744.86 Akeem Bloomfield Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica10 March 2018 College Station
844.88 Bralon Taplin Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada3 February 2018 College Station
944.93 LaShawn Merritt Flag of the United States.svg United States11 February 2005 Fayetteville
1045.02 Danny Everett Flag of the United States.svg United States2 February 1992 Stuttgart
1145.03 Torrin Lawrence Flag of the United States.svg United States12 February 2010 Fayetteville
Deon Lendore Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago1 March 2014 College Station
Kahmari Montgomery Flag of the United States.svg United States9 March 2019 Birmingham [24]
1445.05 Thomas Schönlebe Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany5 February 1988 Sindelfingen
Alvin Harrison Flag of the United States.svg United States28 February 1998 Atlanta
Karsten Warholm Flag of Norway.svg Norway2 March 2019 Glasgow [25]

Women indoor

Updated 21 December 2018. [26]

RankTimeAthleteNationDateLocationRef
149.59 Jarmila Kratochvílová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia7 March 1982 Milan
249.68 Natalya Nazarova Flag of Russia.svg Russia18 February 2004 Moscow
349.76 Taťána Kocembová Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia2 February 1984 Vienna
450.01 Sabine Busch Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany2 February 1984 Vienna
550.02 Nicola Sanders Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain3 March 2007 Birmingham
650.04 Olesya Krasnomovets Flag of Russia.svg Russia18 February 2006 Moscow
12 March 2006 Moscow
750.15 Olga Zaytseva Flag of Russia.svg Russia25 January 2006 Moscow
850.21 Vania Stambolova Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria12 March 2006 Moscow
950.23 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg Russia12 March 1995 Barcelona
1050.28 Petra Müller Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany6 March 1988 Budapest
1150.34 Christine Amertil Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas12 March 2006 Moscow
Kendall Ellis Flag of the United States.svg United States10 March 2018 College Station
1350.36 Sydney McLaughlin Flag of the United States.svg United States10 March 2018 College Station
1450.37 Natalya Antyukh Flag of Russia.svg Russia18 February 2006 Moscow
1550.40 Dagmar Neubauer Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany2 February 1984 Vienna

Fastest relay splits

Most successful athletes

3 or more 400-metre victories at the Olympic Games and World Championships:

The Olympic champion has frequently won a second gold medal in the 4 × 400 metres relay. This has been accomplished 14 times by men; Charles Reidpath, Ray Barbuti, Bill Carr, George Rhoden, Charles Jenkins, Otis Davis, Mike Larrabee, Lee Evans, Viktor Markin, Alonzo Babers, Steve Lewis, Quincy Watts, Jeremy Wariner and LaShawn Merritt; and 4 times by women; Monika Zehrt, Valerie Brisco-Hooks, Olga Bryzgina and Sanya Richards-Ross. All but Rhoden, Markin, Zehrt and Bryzgina ran on American relay teams. Injured after his double in 1996, Johnson also accomplished the feat in 2000 only to have it disqualified when his teammate Antonio Pettigrew admitted to doping.

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Thomas Burke
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Herbert Jamison
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Charles Gmelin
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1900 Paris
details
Maxie Long
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Holland
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Ernst Schultz
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
1904 St. Louis
details
Harry Hillman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Frank Waller
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Herman Groman
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Wyndham Halswelle
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
None awardedNone awarded
1912 Stockholm
details
Charles Reidpath
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Hanns Braun
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
Edward Lindberg
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Bevil Rudd
Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1928).svg  South Africa
Guy Butler
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Nils Engdahl
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Eric Liddell
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Horatio Fitch
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Guy Butler
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Ray Barbuti
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
James Ball
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Joachim Büchner
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Bill Carr
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ben Eastman
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Alex Wilson
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
1936 Berlin
details
Archie Williams
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Godfrey Brown
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
James LuValle
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1948 London
details
Arthur Wint
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
Herb McKenley
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
Mal Whitfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
George Rhoden
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
Herb McKenley
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
Ollie Matson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Charles Jenkins
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Karl-Friedrich Haas
Flag of Germany.svg  United Team of Germany
Voitto Hellstén
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Ardalion Ignatyev
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Otis Davis
US flag 49 stars.svg  United States
Carl Kaufmann
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Malcolm Spence
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
1964 Tokyo
details
Mike Larrabee
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Wendell Mottley
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Andrzej Badeński
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Lee Evans
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Larry James
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ron Freeman
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1972 Munich
details
Vincent Matthews
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Wayne Collett
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Julius Sang
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
1976 Montreal
details
Alberto Juantorena
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Fred Newhouse
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Herman Frazier
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Viktor Markin
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Rick Mitchell
Olympic flag.svg  Australia
Frank Schaffer
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Alonzo Babers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Gabriel Tiacoh
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast
Antonio McKay
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Steve Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Butch Reynolds
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Danny Everett
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Quincy Watts
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Steve Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Samson Kitur
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
1996 Atlanta
details
Michael Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Roger Black
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Davis Kamoga
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda
2000 Sydney
details
Michael Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Alvin Harrison
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Greg Haughton
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Jeremy Wariner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Otis Harris
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Derrick Brew
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2008 Beijing
details
LaShawn Merritt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jeremy Wariner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
David Neville
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Kirani James
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada
Luguelín Santos
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic
Lalonde Gordon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
2016 Rio
details
Wayde van Niekerk
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Kirani James
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada
LaShawn Merritt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1964 Tokyo
details
Betty Cuthbert
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Ann Packer
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Judy Amoore
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1968 Mexico City
details
Colette Besson
Flag of France.svg  France
Lillian Board
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Natalya Pechonkina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Monika Zehrt
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Rita Wilden
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Kathy Hammond
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Christina Brehmer
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Ellen Streidt
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Marita Koch
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Jarmila Kratochvílová
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
Christina Lathan
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Valerie Brisco-Hooks
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Chandra Cheeseborough
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Kathy Smallwood-Cook
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Olga Bryzgina
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Petra Müller
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Olga Nazarova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Marie-José Pérec
Flag of France.svg  France
Olga Bryzgina
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Ximena Restrepo
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
1996 Atlanta
details
Marie-José Pérec
Flag of France.svg  France
Cathy Freeman
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Falilat Ogunkoya
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
2000 Sydney
details
Cathy Freeman
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Lorraine Graham
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Katharine Merry
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
2004 Athens
details
Tonique Williams-Darling
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
Ana Guevara
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
Natalya Antyukh
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Christine Ohuruogu
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Shericka Williams
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Sanya Richards
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Sanya Richards-Ross
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Christine Ohuruogu
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
DeeDee Trotter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Shaunae Miller
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Shericka Jackson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Bert Cameron  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Franks  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sunder Nix  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Thomas Schönlebe  (GDR)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Innocent Egbunike  (NGA)Flag of the United States.svg  Harry Reynolds  (USA)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Antonio Pettigrew  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Roger Black  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Danny Everett  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Butch Reynolds  (USA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Samson Kitur  (KEN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Butch Reynolds  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Greg Haughton  (JAM)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of Uganda.svg  Davis Kamoga  (UGA)Flag of the United States.svg  Tyree Washington  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of Brazil.svg  Sanderlei Parrela  (BRA)Flag of Mexico.svg  Alejandro Cárdenas  (MEX)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Avard Moncur  (BAH)Flag of Germany.svg  Ingo Schultz  (GER)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Greg Haughton  (JAM)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tyree Washington  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Marc Raquil  (FRA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Michael Blackwood  (JAM)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jeremy Wariner  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Andrew Rock  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Tyler Christopher  (CAN)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jeremy Wariner  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  LaShawn Merritt  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Angelo Taylor  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  LaShawn Merritt  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Jeremy Wariner  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Renny Quow  (TRI)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Grenada.svg  Kirani James  (GRN)Flag of the United States.svg  LaShawn Merritt  (USA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Kevin Borlée  (BEL)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of the United States.svg  LaShawn Merritt  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Tony McQuay  (USA)Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Luguelín Santos  (DOM)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Wayde van Niekerk  (RSA)Flag of the United States.svg  LaShawn Merritt  (USA)Flag of Grenada.svg  Kirani James  (GRN)
2017 London
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Wayde van Niekerk  (RSA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Steven Gardiner  (BAH)Flag of Qatar.svg  Abdalelah Haroun  (QAT)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Steven Gardiner  (BAH)Flag of Colombia.svg  Anthony Zambrano  (COL)Flag of the United States.svg  Fred Kerley  (USA)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jarmila Kratochvílová  (TCH)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Taťána Kocembová  (TCH)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Mariya Pinigina  (URS)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Olga Bryzgina  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Petra Muller  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Kirsten Emmelmann  (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of France.svg  Marie-José Pérec  (FRA)Flag of Germany.svg  Grit Breuer  (GER)Flag of Spain.svg  Sandra Myers  (ESP)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jearl Miles  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Natasha Kaiser-Brown  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Sandie Richards  (JAM)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of France.svg  Marie-José Pérec  (FRA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Pauline Davis  (BAH)Flag of the United States.svg  Jearl Miles  (USA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Cathy Freeman  (AUS)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Sandie Richards  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Jearl Miles Clark  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Cathy Freeman  (AUS)Flag of Germany.svg  Anja Rücker  (GER)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Lorraine Graham-Fenton  (JAM)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Senegal.svg  Amy Mbacké Thiam  (SEN)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Lorraine Fenton  (JAM)Flag of Mexico.svg  Ana Guevara  (MEX)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Mexico.svg  Ana Guevara  (MEX)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Lorraine Fenton  (JAM)Flag of Senegal.svg  Amy Mbacké Thiam  (SEN)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Tonique Williams-Darling  (BAH)Flag of the United States.svg  Sanya Richards  (USA)Flag of Mexico.svg  Ana Guevara  (MEX)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Christine Ohuruogu  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Nicola Sanders  (GBR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Novlene Williams  (JAM)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Sanya Richards  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shericka Williams  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Antonina Krivoshapka  (RUS)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Botswana.svg  Amantle Montsho  (BOT)Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya  (RUS)
2013 Moscow
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Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Christine Ohuruogu  (GBR)Flag of Botswana.svg  Amantle Montsho  (BOT)Flag of Russia.svg  Antonina Krivoshapka  (RUS)
2015 Beijing
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Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Shaunae Miller  (BAH)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shericka Jackson  (JAM)
2017 London
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Flag of the United States.svg  Phyllis Francis  (USA)Flag of Bahrain.svg  Salwa Eid Naser  (BHR)Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Salwa Eid Naser  (BHR)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Shaunae Miller-Uibo  (BAH)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shericka Jackson  (JAM)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of East Germany.svg  Thomas Schönlebe  (GDR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Todd Bennett  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Mark Rowe  (USA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Antonio McKay  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Roberto Hernández  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Franks  (USA)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Antonio McKay  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ian Morris  (TTO)Flag of Spain.svg  Cayetano Cornet  (ESP)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Devon Morris  (JAM)Flag of Kenya.svg  Samson Kitur  (KEN)Flag of Spain.svg  Cayetano Cornet  (ESP)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Butch Reynolds  (USA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Sunday Bada  (NGR)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Darren Clark  (AUS)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Darnell Hall  (USA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Sunday Bada  (NGR)Flag of Russia.svg  Mikhail Vdovin  (RUS)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Sunday Bada  (NGR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jamie Baulch  (GBR)Flag of Japan.svg  Shunji Karube  (JPN)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jamie Baulch  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Milton Campbell  (USA)Flag of Mexico.svg  Alejandro Cárdenas  (MEX)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Daniel Caines  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Milton Campbell  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Danny McFarlane  (JAM)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tyree Washington  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Daniel Caines  (GBR)Flag of Ireland.svg  Paul McKee  (IRL)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jamie Baulch  (GBR)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Grenada.svg  Alleyne Francique  (GRN)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Davian Clarke  (JAM)Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg (2003-2006).svg  Gary Kikaya  (COD)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Grenada.svg  Alleyne Francique  (GRN)Flag of Botswana.svg  California Molefe  (BOT)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chris Brown  (BAH)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Tyler Christopher  (CAN)Flag of Sweden.svg  Johan Wissman  (SWE)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chris Brown  (BAH)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chris Brown  (BAH)Flag of Cuba.svg  William Collazo  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Jamaal Torrance  (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Nery Brenes  (CRC)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Demetrius Pinder  (BAH)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chris Brown  (BAH)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Pavel Maslák  (CZE)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chris Brown  (BAH)Flag of the United States.svg  Kyle Clemons  (USA)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Pavel Maslák  (CZE)Flag of Qatar.svg  Abdalelah Haroun  (QAT)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Deon Lendore  (TTO)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Pavel Maslák  (CZE)Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Cherry  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Deon Lendore  (TTO)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of the United States.svg  Diane Dixon  (USA)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Regine Berg  (BEL)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Charmaine Crooks  (CAN)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Sabine Busch  (GDR)Flag of the United States.svg  Lillie Leatherwood  (USA)Flag of Hungary.svg  Judit Forgács  (HUN)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Helga Arendt  (FRG)Flag of the United States.svg  Diane Dixon  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Jillian Richardson  (TTO)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Diane Dixon  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Sandra Myers  (ESP)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Anita Protti  (SUI)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Sandie Richards  (JAM)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Tatyana Alekseyeva  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Jearl Miles Clark  (USA)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Sandie Richards  (JAM)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Daniela Georgieva  (BUL)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jearl Miles Clark  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Sandie Richards  (JAM)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Helena Fuchsová  (CZE)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Grit Breuer  (GER)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Falilat Ogunkoya  (NGR)Flag of the United States.svg  Jearl Miles Clark  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Sandie Richards  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Olga Kotlyarova  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Olesya Zykina  (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Nazarova  (RUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Christine Amertil  (BAH)Flag of Germany.svg  Grit Breuer  (GER)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Nazarova  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Olesya Forsheva  (RUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Tonique Williams-Darling  (BAH)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Olesya Forsheva  (RUS)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Vania Stambolova  (BUL)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Christine Amertil  (BAH)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Olesya Zykina  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Nazarova  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Shareese Woods  (USA)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Debbie Dunn  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Firova  (RUS)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Vania Stambolova  (BUL)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Sanya Richards-Ross  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksandra Fedoriva  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Natasha Hastings  (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Francena McCorory  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kaliese Spencer  (JAM)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Shaunae Miller  (BAH)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Kemi Adekoya  (BHR)Flag of the United States.svg  Ashley Spencer  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Quanera Hayes  (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Courtney Okolo  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Shakima Wimbley  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Eilidh Doyle  (GBR)

Season's bests

Notes and references

  1. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, "Aerobic versus anaerobic training for success in various athletic events" by Shepard, R. J., 1978
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Men's outdoor 400 Metres". iaaf.org. IAAF . Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  4. "Women's outdoor 400 Metres". iaaf.org. IAAF . Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  5. "All-time men's best 400m". alltime-athletics.com. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  6. "Men's 400m Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 14 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  7. "61st ANNUAL MT. SAC RELAYS". rtspt.com. RecordTiming. 20 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  8. "400m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  9. Roy Jordan (28 July 2019). "Kendricks tops 6.06m in Des Moines". IAAF. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  10. "400m Results". IAAF. 26 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  11. "400m Results" (PDF). www.sep-olympic.ch. 5 July 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  12. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. "400m Men - Heats Results". IAAF. 23 August 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
  14. Roy Jordan (9 June 2018). "Benjamin and Norman break collegiate records at NCAA Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  15. "Men's 400m Results" (PDF). Rio 2016 official website. 14 August 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  16. "400m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
  17. "400m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 21 July 2018. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  18. "Senior Outdoor 400 Metres Women". iaaf.org. IAAF . Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  19. "All-time women's best 400m". alltime-athletics.com. 26 November 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  20. 1 2 "400m Results" (PDF). IAAF. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  21. "1500m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 5 July 2019. Retrieved 6 August 2019.
  22. "400m Results". IAAF. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  23. "Records & Lists - All Time Top Lists - Senior Indoor 400 Metres Men". iaaf.org. IAAF . Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  24. 1 2 "400m Results". flashresults.com. 9 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  25. "400m Final Results" (PDF). EAA. 2 March 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  26. "Senior Indoor 400 Metres Women". iaaf.org. IAAF . Retrieved 21 December 2018.
  27. "4x400 Metres Relay Icons" . Retrieved 10 June 2018. Jeremy Wariner: The two-time world 400m champion was a key member of the USA 4x400m squad in the 2000s, picking up two Olympic relay golds and three world titles. He also boasts the second-fastest relay split in history with his 42.93 from the 2007 World Championships.
  28. "Men's 4×400m Relay Results". ncaa.com. 27 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  29. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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