Throws pentathlon

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The throws pentathlon also called the weight pentathlon is a combined event in track and field. Like all pentathlon events, it consists of five events; the four Olympic throwing events hammer throw, shot put, discus throw and javelin throw, plus the weight throw. It is the only combined event composed entirely of throwing events.

Combined track and field events combination of different athletics disciplines within a competition

Combined events are competitions in which athletes participate in a number of track and field events, earning points for their performance in each event, which adds to a total points score. Outdoors, the most common combined events are the men's decathlon and the women's heptathlon. Due to stadium limitations, indoor combined events competition have a reduced number of events, resulting in the men's heptathlon and the women's pentathlon. Athletes are allocated points based on an international-standard points scoring system, such as the decathlon scoring table. Other longer combined events do exist, such as the icosathlon for men and the tetradecathlon for women. Indoors, both men and women compete in the tetradecathlon, with slightly different events to the women's outdoor version.

Track and field Sport involving running, jumping and throwing disciplines

Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from where the sport takes place, a running track and a grass field for the throwing and some of the jumping events. Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and race walking.

Pentathlon combined sporting event of five contests

A pentathlon is a contest featuring five events. The name is derived from Greek: combining the words pente (five) and -athlon (competition). The first pentathlon was documented in Ancient Greece and was part of the Ancient Olympic Games. Five events were contested over one day for the Ancient Olympic pentathlon, starting with the long jump, javelin throwing, and discus throwing, followed by the stadion and wrestling. Pentathletes were considered to be among the most skilled athletes, and their training was often part of military service—each of the five events in the pentathlon was thought to be useful in war or battle.

Contents

The event is a full World Championship event at the World Masters Athletics Championships and World Masters Athletics keeps world records for the event. [1] [2] There are domestic competitions all over the world. [3] [4] [5] The oldest competitor to complete a throws pentathlon is Ruth Frith at the age of 101 years, 7 months and 24 days.

The World Masters Athletics Championships are the biennial championships for masters athletics events held under the auspices of World Masters Athletics, formerly called the World Association of Veteran Athletes, for athletes over the age of 35 years.

Ruth Frith was an Australian centenarian masters athlete. She was the oldest active athlete. She is the current holder of the masters world record in numerous events including the W85 Triple Jump, W100 Shot Put, Discus, Hammer Throw, Weight Throw and Javelin Throw and was the oldest competitor to complete a Throws Pentathlon and thus holds the record in that event. In younger age divisions, she held many more records that have been surpassed.

Events

There is no difference between the events for either gender, however all gender and age division of masters athletics have different implement specifications, meaning older competitors and women throw lighter implements than younger men. [6] Each athlete gets three attempts in each event, the best mark of each of those attempts is given performance points based on the age graded tables from World Masters Athletics. The current tables were modeled in 2010. Points calculators are available on line. [7]

Masters athletics is a class of the sport of athletics for older athletes in track and field, road running and cross country running. Competitors are bracketed into five-year age groups beginning at 35 for track and field and 40 for distance-running events. Men as old as 105 and women in their 100s have competed in running, jumping and throwing events. Masters athletes are sometimes known as "veterans" and the European Masters Championships, for instance, is known as "Eurovets." This and other events cater largely to former elite-level athletes, but many masters athletes are newcomers to their respective sports and enjoy the camaraderie offered by masters competition at the local, national and international level. Many national governing bodies for track and field host annual masters events, and prestigious national meets such as the Penn Relays and even the U.S. Olympic Trials put on exhibition events for top masters athletes.

Ultraweight pentathlon

Similar to the throws pentathlon is the ultraweight pentathlon, consisting of events usually spun from a circle. It starts with the Weight throw, then adds four more ultra weight throws increasing in size starting with the "Superweight throw." [4] The exact rules for these events have been specified in the United States but have not yet been adopted on a global basis.

Weight throw

Two sports have events that fall under the name of weight throw. One being the track and field event and the other being the Scottish highland games events.

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Javelin throw track and field athletics event where the javelin is thrown

The javelin throw is a track and field event where the javelin, a spear about 2.5 m in length, is thrown. The javelin thrower gains momentum by running within a predetermined area. Javelin throwing is an event of both the men's decathlon and the women's heptathlon.

Decathlon athletic track and field competition

The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events. The word "decathlon" was formed, in analogy to the word "pentathlon", from Greek δέκα and ἄθλος. Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved. The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes typically compete in the heptathlon.

Marla Lee Runyan is an American track and field athlete, road runner and marathon runner who is legally blind. She is a three-time national champion in the women's 5000 metres.

Dr. Georg Werthner is a decathlete from Austria, who was the first athlete to finish four Olympic decathlons. In the 1988 Olympics, Daley Thompson crossed the finish-line a little more than 18 seconds after him to become the second athlete to do this.

Rex J. Harvey is an American decathlete. He has designed and holds patents of several nozzles for aircraft engines. Also, he helped design several nuclear reactor power plants. Harvey is a native of Redfield, Iowa and currently resides in Mentor, Ohio.

Thomas Lewis "Tom" Gage was an American Hammer Thrower from Billings, Montana. Gage graduated from Cornell University in 1965. During the late 1960s to the early 1970s he was in the top 10 among American hammer throwers for 10 years including achieving number 1 in 1972. He won the gold medal at the 1967 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada and was a finalist in the 1972 Olympics in Munich, Germany, ultimately finishing 12th. His personal best was 71.17, set in 1971.

Aleksandr Dryhol is a Ukrainian-born Israeli, formerly Ukrainian and Soviet track and field athlete primarily known for the Hammer throw. He was selected to compete for Ukraine in the 2012 Summer Olympics, his first Olympic selection at the age of 46. He is the current world record holder in the M45 division of masters athletics at 79.42 m. In 2016, at the age of 50, he switched his country of eligibility to Israel, where he had been living for several years. On June 1, with a 77.70 m (254 ft 11 in) throw in Jablonec nad Nisou, he qualified for the Olympics again. At that point in time he was the #7 thrower in the world that year. For the second time, he would have been the oldest competitor in Athletics competition at the Olympics. His throw does not count as a Masters M50 world record because the implement he throws for open competition is 1.26 kg heavier than the normal implement for the M50 age group. His throw was almost 6 meters further than Jud Logan's record with the lighter implement.

Masters M35 discus world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the discus M35 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The M35 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 35 but have not yet reached the age of 40, so exactly from their 35th birthday to the day before their 40th birthday. The M35 division throws exactly the same 2 kg implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters M45 discus world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the discus M45 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The M45 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 45 but have not yet reached the age of 50, so exactly from their 45th birthday to the day before their 50th birthday. The M45 division throws exactly the same 2 kg implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters W35 discus world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the discus W35 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The W35 division consists of female athletes who have reached the age of 35 but have not yet reached the age of 40, so exactly from their 35th birthday to the day before their 40th birthday. The W35 division throws exactly the same 1 kg implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters M35 hammer throw world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the hammer throw M35 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The M35 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 35 but have not yet reached the age of 40, so exactly from their 35th birthday to the day before their 40th birthday. The M35 division throws exactly the same 7.257 kg implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters M40 hammer throw world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the hammer throw M40 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The M40 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 40 but have not yet reached the age of 45, so exactly from their 40th birthday to the day before their 45th birthday. The M40 division throws exactly the same 7.257 kg implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters M35 javelin throw world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the javelin throw M35 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The M35 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 35 but have not yet reached the age of 40, so exactly from their 35th birthday to the day before their 40th birthday. The M35 division throws an 800 g implement. These competitors threw their world record performances in Open competition. Železný's current world record was set while winning the 2001 World Championships in Athletics.

Masters M40 javelin throw world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the javelin throw M40 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The M40 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 40 but have not yet reached the age of 45, so exactly from their 40th birthday to the day before their 45th birthday. The M40 division throws an 800 g implement. These competitors threw their world record performances in Open competition.

Masters W35 javelin world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the javelin throw W35 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The W35 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 35 but have not yet reached the age of 40, so exactly from their 35th birthday to the day before their 40th birthday. The W35 division throws exactly the same 600 g implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters W45 javelin world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the javelin throw W45 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The W45 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 45 but have not yet reached the age of 50, so exactly from their 45th birthday to the day before their 50th birthday. The W45 division throws exactly the same 600 g implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Masters W40 javelin world record progression is the progression of world record improvements of the javelin throw W40 division of Masters athletics. Records must be set in properly conducted, official competitions under the standing IAAF rules unless modified by World Masters Athletics. The W40 division consists of male athletes who have reached the age of 40 but have not yet reached the age of 45, so exactly from their 40th birthday to the day before their 45th birthday. The W40 division throws exactly the same 600 g implement as the Open division. These competitors all threw their records in open competition.

Galina Kovalenskaya is a Russian Masters track and field athlete. She is the former W75 World Record holder in the shot put. Her record of 8.93 m was retired as the farthest outdoor mark with the 3 kg implement; the age division now throws a 2 kg implement. Her distance was surpassed by former Olympian Rosemary Chrimes indoors with 9.21, but World Masters Athletics do not accept indoor marks as equal to outdoor marks. At the 2010 World Indoor Masters Championships in Kamloops, British Columbia, Canada, she also set the W75 World Indoor Record in the weight throw.

References

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  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2012-01-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-06. Retrieved 2014-06-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. 1 2 http://www.usatfmasters.org/ev_combined.htm
  5. http://www.bvaf.org.uk/records/wtpentrecs.asp
  6. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-22. Retrieved 2013-05-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. http://cheshireaa.com/statistics/CEscoring2.htm