Pole vault

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Athletics
Pole vault
Pole Vault Sequence 3.jpg
An athlete in the middle of the vaulting phase
World records
Men Flag of Sweden.svg Armand Duplantis 6.18 m (20 ft 3+14 in) (2020)
Women Flag of Russia.svg Yelena Isinbayeva 5.06 m (16 ft 7 in) (2009)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Brazil.svg Thiago Braz da Silva 6.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in) (2016)
Women Flag of Russia.svg Yelena Isinbayeva 5.05 m (16 ft 6+34 in) (2008)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Australia (converted).svg Dmitri Markov 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) (2001)
Women Flag of Russia.svg Yelena Isinbayeva 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) (2005)

Pole vaulting, also known as pole jumping, is a track and field event in which an athlete uses a long and flexible pole, usually made from fiberglass or carbon fiber, as an aid to jump over a bar. Pole jumping competitions were known to the ancient Greeks, Cretans and Celts. It has been a full medal event at the Olympic Games since 1896 for men and since 2000 for women.

Contents

It is typically classified as one of the four major jumping events in athletics, alongside the high jump, long jump and triple jump. It is unusual among track and field sports in that it requires a significant amount of specialised equipment in order to participate, even at a basic level. A number of elite pole vaulters have had backgrounds in gymnastics, including world record breakers Yelena Isinbayeva and Brian Sternberg, reflecting the similar physical attributes required for the sports. [1] [2] Running speed, however, may be the most dominant factor. Physical attributes such as speed, agility and strength are essential to pole vaulting effectively, but technical skill is an equally if not more important element. The object of pole vaulting is to clear a bar or crossbar supported upon two uprights (standards) without knocking it down.

History

Pole vault in the 1890s at US Naval Academy Pole vaulting LOC det.4a15081.jpg
Pole vault in the 1890s at US Naval Academy
Traditional fierljeppen in the Netherlands, using poles to clear distances over rivers Fierljeppen de natsprong.jpg
Traditional fierljeppen in the Netherlands, using poles to clear distances over rivers

Poles were used as a practical means of passing over natural obstacles in marshy places such as the province of Friesland in the Netherlands, along the North Sea, and the great level of the Fens in England across Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire and Norfolk. Artificial draining of these marshes created a network of open drains or canals intersecting each other. To cross these without getting soaked, while avoiding tedious roundabout journeys over bridges, a stack of jumping poles was kept at every house and used for vaulting over the canals.

Distance pole vaulting competitions continue to be held annually in the lowlands around the North Sea. These far-jumping competitions (Frisian: Fierljeppen ) are not based on height. [3]

In his book The Mechanics of the Pole Vault, Richard Ganslen reports that the London Gymnastic Society under Professor Voelker held measured pole vaulting events in 1826, involving 1,300 participants and recording heights up to 10 ft 10 in (3.3 m). [4] Other early pole vaulting competitions where height was measured took place at the Ulverston Football and Cricket Club, Lancashire, north of the sands (now Cumbria) in 1843. [5] Modern competition began around 1850 in Germany, when pole vaulting was added to the exercises of the Turner gymnastic clubs by Johann C. F. GutsMuths and Friedrich L. Jahn. In Great Britain, it was first practiced at the Caledonian Games.

Initially, vaulting poles were made from stiff materials such as bamboo or aluminum. [6] The introduction of flexible vaulting poles in the early 1950s made from composites such as fiberglass or carbon fiber allowed vaulters to achieve greater height. [7]

Pole vaulter Allison Stokke prepares for her jump Allison Stokke.jpg
Pole vaulter Allison Stokke prepares for her jump

In 2000, IAAF rule 260.18a (formerly 260.6a) was amended, so that "world records" (as opposed to "indoor world records") can be set in a facility "with or without roof". This rule was not applied retroactively, [8] With many indoor facilities not conforming to outdoor track specifications for size and flatness, the pole vault is the only world record set indoors.

Modern vaulting

Today, athletes compete in the pole vault as one of the four jumping events in track and field. Because the high jump and pole vault are both vertical jumps, the competitions are conducted similarly. Each athlete can choose what height they would like to enter the competition. Once they enter, they have three attempts to clear the height. If a height is cleared, the vaulter advances to the next height, where they will have three more attempts. Once the vaulter has three consecutive misses, they are out of the competition and the highest height they cleared is their result. A "no height", often denoted "NH", refers to the failure of a vaulter to clear any bar during the competition.

Once the vaulter enters the competition, they can choose to pass heights. If a vaulter achieves a miss on their first attempt at a height, they can pass to the next height, but they will only have two attempts at that height, as they will be out once they achieve three consecutive misses. Similarly, after earning two misses at a height, they could pass to the next height, when they would have only one attempt.

An athlete passes the bar with the aid of a pole Pole vault Its all for this moment.jpg
An athlete passes the bar with the aid of a pole

The competitor who clears the highest height is the winner. If two or more vaulters have finished with the same height, the tie is broken by the number of misses at the final height. If the tied vaulters have the same number of misses at the last height cleared, the tie is broken by the total number of misses in the competition.

If there is still a tie for first place, a jump-off occurs to break the tie. Marks achieved in this type of jump-off are considered valid and count for any purpose that a mark achieved in a normal competition would.

If a tie in the other places still exists, a jump-off is not normally conducted, unless the competition is a qualifying meet, and the tie exists in the final qualifying spot. In this case, an administrative jump-off is conducted to break the tie, but the marks are not considered valid for any other purpose than breaking the tie.

A jump-off is a sudden death competition in which the tied vaulters attempt the same height, starting with the last attempted height. If both vaulters miss, the bar goes down by a small increment, and if both clear, the bar goes up by a small increment. A jump-off ends when one vaulter clears and the other misses. Each vaulter gets one attempt at each height until one makes and one misses.

The equipment and rules for pole vaulting are similar to the high jump. Unlike high jump, however, the athlete in the vault has the ability to select the horizontal position of the bar before each jump and can place it a distance beyond the back of the box, the metal pit that the pole is placed into immediately before takeoff. The range of distance the vaulter may place the standards varies depending on the level of competition.

Painting by former athlete Raffaello Ducceschi depicting the pole vault Salto con l Asta.jpg
Painting by former athlete Raffaello Ducceschi depicting the pole vault

If the pole used by the athlete dislodges the bar from the uprights, a foul attempt is ruled, even if the athlete has cleared the height. An athlete does not benefit from quickly leaving the landing pad before the bar has fallen. The exception to this rule if the vaulter is vaulting outdoors and has made a clear effort to throw the pole back, but the wind has blown the pole into the bar; this counts as a clearance. This call is made at the discretion of the pole vault official. If the pole breaks during the execution of a vault, it is considered an equipment failure and is ruled a non-jump, neither a make nor a miss. Other types of equipment failure include the standards slipping down or the wind dislodging the bar when no contact was made by the vaulter.

Each athlete has a set amount of time in which to make an attempt. The amount of time varies by level of competition and the number of vaulters remaining. If the vaulter fails to begin an attempt within this time, the vaulter is charged with a time foul and the attempt is a miss.

Poles are manufactured with ratings corresponding to the vaulter's maximum weight. As a safety precaution, some organizations forbid use of poles rated below the vaulter's weight. The recommended weight corresponds to a flex rating that is determined by the manufacturer by applying a standardized amount of stress (most commonly a 50 lb (23 kg) weight) on the pole and measuring how much the center of the pole is displaced. Therefore, two poles rated at the same weight are not necessarily the same stiffness.

Pole stiffness and length are important factors to a vaulter's performance. Therefore, it is not uncommon for an elite vaulter to carry as many as ten poles to a competition. The effective length of a pole can be changed by gripping the pole higher or lower in relation to the top of the pole. The left and right handgrips are typically a bit more than shoulder width apart. Poles are manufactured for people of all skill levels and body sizes, with lengths between 3.05 m (10 ft 0 in) and 5.30 m (17 ft 5 in) and a wide range of weight ratings. Each manufacturer determines the weight rating for the pole and the location of the maximum handhold band.

Speed is an essential element to high jumps. The energy produced by the run is converted to vertical propulsion . Assuming no loss of energy , this means that .

Technology

Competitive pole vaulting began using solid ash poles. As the heights attained increased, bamboo poles gave way to tubular aluminum, [9] which was tapered at each end. Today's pole vaulters benefit from poles produced by wrapping pre-cut sheets of fiberglass that contains resin around a metal pole mandrel, to produce a slightly curved pole that bends more easily under the compression caused by an athlete's take-off. The shape of the fiberglass sheets and the amount of fiberglass used is carefully planned to provide the desired length and stiffness of pole. Different fiber types, including carbon-fiber, are used to give poles specific characteristics intended to promote higher jumps. In recent years, carbon fiber has been added to the commonly used E-glass and S-glass materials to create a lighter pole.

As in the high jump, the landing area was originally a heap of sawdust or sand where athletes landed on their feet. As technology enabled higher vaults, mats evolved into bags of large chunks of foam. Today's high-tech mats are foam usually 1–1.5 meters (3 ft 3 in–4 ft 11 in) thick. Mats are growing larger in area as well to minimize risk of injury. Proper landing technique is on the back or shoulders. Landing on the feet should be avoided, to eliminate the risk of injury to the lower extremities, particularly ankle sprains.

Rule changes over the years have resulted in larger landing areas and additional padding of all hard and unyielding surfaces.

The pole vault crossbar has evolved from a triangular aluminum bar to a round fiberglass bar with rubber ends. This is balanced on standards and can be knocked off when it is hit by a pole vaulter or the pole. Rule changes have led to shorter pegs and crossbar ends that are semi-circular.

Technique

Phases of pole vaulting
Men decathlon PV French Athletics Championships 2013 t141910a.jpg
Men decathlon PV French Athletics Championships 2013 t141910b.jpg
Men decathlon PV French Athletics Championships 2013 t141910c.jpg
Men decathlon PV French Athletics Championships 2013 t141911a.jpg
Men decathlon PV French Athletics Championships 2013 t141911b.jpg

Although many techniques are used by vaulters at various skill levels to clear the bar, the generally accepted technical model can be broken down into several phases:

Approach

During the approach the pole vaulter sprints down the runway in such a way as to achieve maximum speed and correct position to initiate takeoff at the end of the approach. Top class vaulters use approaches with 18 to 22 strides, often referred to as a "step" in which every other foot is counted as one step. The run-up to the vaulting pit begins forcefully with the vaulter running powerfully in a relaxed, upright position with knees lifted and torso leaning very slightly forward. The head, shoulders and hips are aligned, the vaulter increasing speed as the body becomes erect. The tip of the vaulting pole is angled higher than eye level until three paces from takeoff, when the pole tip descends efficiently, amplifying run speed as the pole is planted into the vault box. The faster the vaulter can run and the more efficient their take-off is, the greater the kinetic energy that can be achieved and used during the vault.

Plant and take-off

The plant and take off is initiated typically three steps out from the final step. Vaulters will usually count their steps backwards from their starting point to the box only counting the steps taken on the left foot (vice versa for left-handers) except for the second step from the box, which is taken by the right foot. For example; a vaulter on a "ten count" (referring to the number of counted steps from the starting point to the box) would count backwards from ten, only counting the steps taken with the left foot, until the last three steps taken and both feet are counted as three, two, one. These last three steps are normally quicker than the previous strides and are referred to as the "turn-over". The goal of this phase is to efficiently translate the kinetic energy accumulated from the approach into potential energy stored by the elasticity of the pole, and to gain as much initial vertical height as possible by jumping off the ground. The plant starts with the vaulter raising their arms up from around the hips or mid-torso until they are fully outstretched above the head, with the right arm extended directly above the head and the left arm extended perpendicular to the pole (vice versa for left-handed vaulters). At the same time, the vaulter is dropping the pole tip into the box. On the final step, the vaulter jumps off the trail leg which should always remain straight and then drives the front knee forward. As the pole slides into the back of the box the pole begins to bend and the vaulter continues up and forward, leaving the trail leg angled down and behind.

Swing up

The swing and row simply consists of the vaulter swinging the trail leg forward and rowing the pole, bringing the top arm down to the hips, while trying to keep the trail leg straight to store more potential energy into the pole, the rowing motion also keeps the pole bent for a longer period of time for the vaulter to get into optimum position. Once in a "U" shape the left arm hugs the pole tight to efficiently use the recoil within the pole. The goal is to carry out these motions as thoroughly and as quickly as possible; it is a race against the unbending of the pole. Effectively, this causes a double pendulum motion, with the top of the pole moving forward and pivoting from the box, while the vaulter acts as a second pendulum pivoting from the right hand. This action gives the vaulter the best position possible to be "ejected" off the pole. The swing continues until the hips are above the head and the arms are pulling the pole close to the chest; from there the vaulter shoots their legs up over the cross bar while keeping the pole close. [10] [11]

Extension

The extension refers to the extension of the hips upward with outstretched legs as the shoulders drive down, causing the vaulter to be positioned upside down. This position is often referred to as "inversion". While this phase is executed, the pole begins to recoil, propelling the vaulter quickly upward. The hands of the vaulter remain close to the body as they move from the shins back to the region around the hips and upper torso.

Turn

The turn is executed immediately after or even during the end of the rockback. As the name implies, the vaulter turns 180° toward the pole while extending the arms down past the head and shoulders. Typically the vaulter will begin to angle their body toward the bar as the turn is executed, although ideally the vaulter will remain as vertical as possible. A more accurate description of this phase of the vault may be "the spin" because the vaulter spins around an imaginary axis from head to toe.

Fly-away

This is often highly emphasized by spectators and novice vaulters, but it is the easiest phase of the vault and is a result of proper execution of previous phases. This phase mainly consists of the vaulter pushing off the pole and releasing it so it falls away from the bar and mats. As the torso goes over and around the bar, the vaulter is facing the bar. Rotation of the body over the bar occurs naturally, and the vaulter's main concern is making sure that their arms, face and any other appendages do not knock the bar off as they go over. The vaulter should land near the middle of the foam landing mats, or pits, face up.

Terminology

Bar
The cross bar that is suspended above the ground by the standards.
Box
A trapezoidal indentation in the ground with a metal or fiberglass covering at the end of the runway in which vaulters "plant" their pole. The back wall of the box is nearly vertical and is approximately 8 inches (20 cm) in depth. The bottom of the box gradually slopes upward approximately 3 feet (90 cm) until it is level with the runway. The covering in the box ensures the pole will slide to the back of the box without catching on anything. The covering's lip overlaps onto the runway and ensures a smooth transition from all-weather surface so a pole being planted does not catch on the box.
Drive knee
During the plant phase, the knee is driven forward at the time of "takeoff" to help propel the vaulter upward.
Grip
The location of the vaulter's top hand on the pole. As the vaulter improves, their grip may move up the pole incrementally. The other hand is typically placed shoulder-width down from the top hand. Hands are not allowed to grip the very top of the pole (their hand perpendicular to the pole) for safety reasons.
Jump foot
The foot that the vaulter uses to leave the ground as they begin their vault. It is also referred to as the take-off foot.
Pit
The mats used for landing in pole vault.
Plant position
The position a vaulter is in the moment the pole reaches the back of the box and the vaulter begins their vault. Their arms are fully extended and their drive knee begins to come up as they jump.
Pole
The fiberglass equipment used to propel the vaulter up and over the bar. One side is stiffer than the other to facilitate the bending of the pole after the plant. A vaulter may rest the pole on their arm to determine which side is the stiff side.
Standards
The equipment that holds the bar at a particular height above the ground. Standards may be adjusted to raise and lower the bar and also to adjust the horizontal position of the bar.
Steps
Since the box is in a fixed position, vaulters must adjust their approach to ensure they are in the correct position when attempting to vault.
Swing leg or trail leg
The swing leg is also the jump foot. After a vaulter has left the ground, the leg that was last touching the ground stays extended and swings forward to help propel the vaulter upwards.
Volzing
A method of holding or pushing the bar back onto the pegs while jumping over a height. This takes considerable skill, although it is now against the rules and counted as a miss. The technique is named after U.S. Olympian Dave Volz, who made an art form of the practice and surprised many by making the U.S. Olympic team in 1992.

All-time top 25

Key

  set prior to IAAF acceptance of indoor events as equivalent with outdoor events (in 2000)

Men (absolute)

RankMarkAthleteDatePlaceRef
16.18 m (20 ft 3 in)Flag of Sweden.svg  Armand Duplantis  (SWE)15 February 2020 Glasgow (indoor)
26.16 m (20 ft 2+12 in)Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)15 February 2014 Donetsk (indoor) [14]
36.15 m (20 ft 2 in)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Sergey Bubka  (UKR)21 February 1993 Donetsk (indoor)
46.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Steve Hooker  (AUS)7 February 2009 Boston (indoor)
Flag of the United States.svg  Sam Kendricks  (USA)27 July 2019 Des Moines [15]
66.05 m (19 ft 10 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Maksim Tarasov  (RUS)16 June 1999 Athens
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Dmitri Markov  (AUS)9 August 2001 Edmonton
86.04 m (19 ft 9+34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Brad Walker  (USA)8 June 2008 Eugene
96.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in)Flag of South Africa.svg  Okkert Brits  (RSA)18 August 1995 Cologne
Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Hartwig  (USA)14 June 2000 Jonesboro
Flag of Brazil.svg  Thiago Braz da Silva  (BRA)15 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [16]
126.02 m (19 ft 9 in)
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Radion Gataullin  (URS)4 February 1989 Gomel (indoor)
Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Lisek  (POL)12 July 2019 Monaco [17]
146.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Igor Trandenkov  (RUS)4 July 1996 Saint Petersburg
Flag of the United States.svg  Timothy Mack  (USA)18 September 2004 Monaco
Flag of Russia.svg  Yevgeny Lukyanenko  (RUS)1 July 2008 Bydgoszcz
Flag of Germany.svg  Björn Otto  (GER)5 September 2012 Aachen
186.00 m (19 ft 8 in)Flag of Germany.svg  Tim Lobinger  (GER)27 August 1997 Cologne
Flag of France.svg  Jean Galfione  (FRA)6 March 1999 Maebashi (indoor)
Flag of Germany.svg  Danny Ecker  (GER)11 February 2001 Dortmund (indoor)
Flag of the United States.svg  Toby Stevenson  (USA)8 May 2004 Modesto
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Paul Burgess  (AUS)25 February 2005 Perth
ANA flag (2017).svg  Timur Morgunov  (ANA)12 August 2018 Berlin [18]
Flag of the United States.svg  KC Lightfoot  (USA)13 February 2021 Lubbock (indoor) [19]
6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) A Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Shawnacy Barber  (CAN)15 January 2016 Reno (indoor) [20]

Notes

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary vaults) equal or superior to 6.00 m:

  • Armand Duplantis also vaulted 6.17 m (20 ft 2+34 in) (2020i), 6.15 m (20 ft 2 in) (2020), 6.10 m (20 ft 0 in) (2021i, 2021), 6.07 m (19 ft 10+34 in) (2020i, 2020), 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) (2018, 2021i), 6.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in) (2021i), 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (2020i, 2020, 2021i), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (2 × 2019, 2020i, 2 × 2020).
  • Sergey Bubka also vaulted 6.14 m (20 ft 1+12 in) (1993i, 1994), 6.13 m (20 ft 1+14 in) (1992i, 1992), 6.12 m (20 ft 34 in) (1991i, 1992), 6.11 m (20 ft 12 in) (1991i, 1992), 6.10 m (20 ft 0 in) (1991i, 1991), 6.09 m (19 ft 11+34 in) (1991), 6.08 m (19 ft 11+14 in) (1991i, 1991), 6.07 m (19 ft 10+34 in) (1991), 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) (1988), 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) (1988, 1990i, 1993, 1993i, 1994, 1994i, 1997), 6.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in) (1987, 1989i), 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) (1996), 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (1986, 1993i, 1997), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (1985, 1989, 1991, 1991i, 1992i, 2 × 1992, 2 × 1993, 2 × 1994, 1994i, 1995 A, 1995i, 1996).
  • Renaud Lavillenie also vaulted 6.08 m (19 ft 11+14 in) (2014i), 6.06 m (19 ft 10+12 in) (2021i), 6.05 m (19 ft 10 in) (2015), 6.04 m (19 ft 9+34 in) (2014i, 2015i), 6.03 m (19 ft 9+14 in) (2011i, 2015, 2016i), 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) (2013, 2015i, 2 × 2016i, 2021i), 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (2009, 2013i, 2 × 2015i), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (2015i).
  • Jeff Hartwig also vaulted 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) (1999, 2002i), 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (1998), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (1998, 1999, 2002i).
  • Maksim Tarasov also vaulted 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) (1999), 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (1999), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (2 × 1997, 1999i, 1999).
  • Sam Kendricks also vaulted 6.02 m (19 ft 9 in) (2020), 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (2020i), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (2017, 2019).
  • Okkert Brits also vaulted 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (1996), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (1995 A).
  • Steve Hooker also vaulted 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (2009i, 2010i), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (2008, 2009i).
  • Piotr Lisek also vaulted 6.01 m (19 ft 8+12 in) (2019), 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (2017i).
  • Radion Gataullin also vaulted 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (1989i, 2 × 1993i).
  • Dmitri Markov also vaulted 6.00 m (19 ft 8 in) (1998).

Women (absolute)

RankMarkAthleteDatePlaceRef
15.06 m (16 ft 7 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)28 August 2009 Zürich
25.03 m (16 ft 6 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Jennifer Suhr  (USA)30 January 2016 Brockport (indoor) [23]
35.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandi Morris  (USA)9 September 2016 Brussels [24]
44.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in)ANA flag (2017).svg  Anzhelika Sidorova  (ANA)29 September 2019 Doha [25]
29 February 2020 Moscow (indoor) [26]
54.94 m (16 ft 2+14 in)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Eliza McCartney  (NZL)17 July 2018 Jockgrim [27]
Flag of the United States.svg  Katie Nageotte  (USA)11 June 2021 Atlanta (indoor)
74.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarisley Silva  (CUB)2 August 2015 Beckum
Flag of Greece.svg  Katerina Stefanidi  (GRE)6 August 2017 London [28]
94.90 m (16 ft 34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Demi Payne  (USA)20 February 2016 New York City (indoor) [29]
104.88 m (16 ft 0 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)4 July 2004 Heraklion
114.87 m (15 ft 11+12 in)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Holly Bleasdale  (GBR)21 January 2012 Villeurbanne (indoor)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Fabiana Murer  (BRA)3 July 2016 São Bernardo do Campo [30]
134.85 m (15 ft 10+34 in)Flag of Poland.svg  Anna Rogowska  (POL)6 March 2011 Paris (indoor)
144.83 m (15 ft 10 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Stacy Dragila  (USA)8 June 2004 Ostrava
Flag of Greece.svg  Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou  (GRE)4 July 2015 Saint-Denis [31]
Flag of Sweden.svg  Michaela Meijer  (SWE)1 August 2020 Norrköping [32]
174.82 m (15 ft 9+34 in)Flag of Poland.svg  Monika Pyrek  (POL)22 September 2007 Stuttgart
Flag of Germany.svg  Silke Spiegelburg  (GER)21 July 2012 Fontvieille
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Alysha Newman  (CAN)24 August 2019 Saint-Denis [33]
28 August 2019 Zürich (indoor) [34]
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Nina Kennedy  (AUS)13 March 2021 Sydney [35]
214.81 m (15 ft 9+14 in)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Alana Boyd  (AUS)2 July 2016 Sunshine Coast [36]
Flag of Sweden.svg  Angelica Bengtsson  (SWE)24 February 2019 Clermont-Ferrand (indoor) [37]
234.80 m (15 ft 8+34 in)Flag of Germany.svg  Martina Strutz  (GER)30 August 2011 Daegu
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Nicole Büchler  (SUI)17 March 2016 Portland (indoor) [38]
254.78 m (15 ft 8 in)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Polnova  (RUS)19 September 2004 Monaco
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Robeilys Peinado  (VEN)19 February 2020 Liévin (indoor) [39]
Flag of the United States.svg  Olivia Gruver  (USA)7 February 2021 Fayetteville (indoor) [40]

Notes

Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary vaults) equal or superior to 4.90 m:

  • Yelena Isinbayeva also vaulted 5.05 m (16 ft 6+34 in) (2008), 5.04 m (16 ft 6+14 in) (2008), 5.03 m (16 ft 6 in) (2008), 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) (2005, 2012i), 5.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in) (2005, 2009i), 4.96 m (16 ft 3+14 in) (2005), 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) (2005, 2008i), 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) (2 × 2005, 2007i, 2008), 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) (2004), 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) (2004, 2006i, 2006, 2007), 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) (2004, 2005i, 2006, 2007, 2009i, 2016).
  • Jennifer Suhr also vaulted 5.02 m (16 ft 5+12 in) (2013i A), 5.01 m (16 ft 5 in) (2016), 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) (2018), 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) (2008), 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) (2011, 2013, 2016i, 2019), 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) (2 × 2016i).
  • Sandi Morris also vaulted 4.95 m (16 ft 2+34 in) (2016, 2018i, 2018), 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) (2016), 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) (2020i), 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) (2018i A, 2019, 2020i A).
  • Katie Nageotte also vaulted 4.93 m (16 ft 2 in) (2021), 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) (2020), 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) (2018i A).
  • Eliza McCartney also vaulted 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) (2018).
  • Anzhelika Sidorova also vaulted 4.92 m (16 ft 1+12 in) (2020i), 4.91 m (16 ft 1+14 in) (2019i), 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) (2018i, 2021i).
  • Katerina Stefanidi also vaulted 4.90 m (16 ft 34 in) (2016i).

Six metres club

The "six metres club" consists of pole vaulters who have reached at least 6.00. [41] In 1985 Sergey Bubka became the first pole vaulter to clear six metres.

MarkAthleteNationOutdoorsIndoorsYear first
cleared
6 metres
6.18 Armand Duplantis Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 6.156.182018
6.16 Renaud Lavillenie Flag of France.svg  France 6.056.162009
6.15 Sergey Bubka Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union / Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 6.146.151985
6.06 Steve Hooker Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 6.006.062008
Sam Kendricks Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6.066.012017
6.05 Maksim Tarasov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 6.056.001997
Dmitri Markov Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus / Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 6.055.851998
6.04 Brad Walker Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6.045.862006
6.03 Okkert Brits Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 6.035.901995
Jeff Hartwig Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6.036.021998
Thiago Braz da Silva Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 6.035.932016
6.02 Rodion Gataullin Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union / Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 6.006.021989
Piotr Lisek Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 6.026.002017
6.01 Igor Trandenkov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 6.015.901996
Timothy Mack Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6.015.852004
Yevgeniy Lukyanenko Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 6.015.902008
Björn Otto Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 6.015.922012
6.00 Tim Lobinger Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 6.005.951997
Jean Galfione Flag of France.svg  France 5.986.001999
Danny Ecker Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 5.936.002001
Toby Stevenson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6.005.812004
Paul Burgess Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 6.005.802005
Shawnacy Barber Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 5.936.002016
Timur Morgunov ANA flag (2017).svg  Authorised Neutral Athletes 6.005.912018
KC Lightfoot Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5.826.002021

Five metres club

Three women have cleared 5 metres. Yelena Isinbayeva was the first to clear 5.00 m (16 ft 4+34 in) on July 22, 2005. On March 2, 2013, Jenn Suhr cleared 5.02 m (16 ft 5+12 in) indoors to become the second. Sandi Morris cleared 5.00 meters on September 9, 2016, to become the third.

MarkAthleteNationOutdoorsIndoorsYear first

cleared 5 metres

5.06 Yelena Isinbayeva Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 5.065.012005
5.03 Jennifer Suhr Flag of the United States.svg  United States 4.935.032013
5.00 Sandi Morris Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5.004.952016

Milestones

This is a list of the first time a milestone mark was cleared. [42]

MarkAthleteNationDate
13 ft (3.96 m) Robert Gardner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 June 1912
4 m (13 ft 1+12 in) Marc Wright Flag of the United States.svg  United States 8 June 1912
14 ft (4.27 m) Sabin Carr Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 May 1927
4.5 m (14 ft 9 in) William Sefton [43] Flag of the United States.svg  United States 29 May 1937
15 ft (4.57 m) Cornelius "Dutch" Warmerdam Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 April 1940
16 ft (4.88 m) John Uelses Flag of the United States.svg  United States 31 March 1962
5 m (16 ft 5 in) Brian Sternberg Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 April 1963
17 ft (5.18 m) John Pennel Flag of the United States.svg  United States 24 August 1963
18 ft (5.49 m) Christos Papanikolaou Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 24 October 1970
5.5 m (18 ft 12 in) Kjell Isaksson Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 8 April 1972
19 ft (5.79 m) Thierry Vigneron Flag of France.svg  France 20 June 1981
6 m (19 ft 8 in) Sergey Bubka Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 13 July 1985
20 ft (6.10 m) Sergey Bubka Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 16 March 1991 (indoors)
5 August 1991 (outdoors)

This is a list of the first-time milestones for women.

MarkAthleteNationDate
4 m (13 ft 1+12 in) Zhang Chunzhen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 24 March 1991
14 ft (4.27 m) Emma George [44] Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 17 December 1995
4.5 m (14 ft 9 in) Emma George Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 8 February 1997
15 ft (4.57 m) Emma George [45] Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 14 March 1998
16 ft (4.88 m) Svetlana Feofanova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 4 July 2004
5 m (16 ft 5 in) Yelena Isinbayeva Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 22 July 2005

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
William Hoyt
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Albert Tyler
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Evangelos Damaskos
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
Ioannis Theodoropoulos
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Irving Baxter
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Meredith Colket
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Carl Albert Andersen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
1904 St. Louis
details
Charles Dvorak
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
LeRoy Samse
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Louis Wilkins
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Edward Cook
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
none awarded Edward Archibald
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Clare Jacobs
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Alfred Gilbert
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Bruno Söderström
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1912 Stockholm
details
Harry Babcock
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Frank Nelson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
William Halpenny
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Frank Murphy
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Marc Wright
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bertil Uggla
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1920 Antwerp
details
Frank Foss
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Henry Petersen
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
Edwin Myers
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1924 Paris
details
Lee Barnes
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Glen Graham
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
James Brooker
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1928 Amsterdam
details
Sabin Carr
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
William Droegemueller
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Charles McGinnis
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Bill Miller
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Shuhei Nishida
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
George Jefferson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Earle Meadows
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Shuhei Nishida
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Sueo Ōe
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
1948 London
details
Guinn Smith
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Erkki Kataja
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Bob Richards
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Bob Richards
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Don Laz
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ragnar Lundberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1956 Melbourne
details
Bob Richards
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bob Gutowski
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Georgios Roubanis
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
1960 Rome
details
Don Bragg
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ron Morris
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Eeles Landström
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1964 Tokyo
details
Fred Hansen
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Wolfgang Reinhardt
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Klaus Lehnertz
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
1968 Mexico City
details
Bob Seagren
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Claus Schiprowski
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  West Germany
Wolfgang Nordwig
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  East Germany
1972 Munich
details
Wolfgang Nordwig
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Bob Seagren
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jan Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Tadeusz Ślusarski
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Antti Kalliomäki
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
David Roberts
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Władysław Kozakiewicz
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
Tadeusz Ślusarski
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
none awarded
Konstantin Volkov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Pierre Quinon
Flag of France.svg  France
Mike Tully
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Earl Bell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Thierry Vigneron
Flag of France.svg  France
1988 Seoul
details
Sergey Bubka
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Radion Gataullin
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Grigoriy Yegorov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Maksim Tarasov
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Igor Trandenkov
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Javier García
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
1996 Atlanta
details
Jean Galfione
Flag of France.svg  France
Igor Trandenkov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Andrei Tivontchik
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
2000 Sydney
details
Nick Hysong
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Lawrence Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Maksim Tarasov
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2004 Athens
details
Timothy Mack
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Toby Stevenson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Giuseppe Gibilisco
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy
2008 Beijing
details
Steve Hooker
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Yevgeny Lukyanenko
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Derek Miles
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Renaud Lavillenie
Flag of France.svg  France
Björn Otto
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Raphael Holzdeppe
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Thiago Braz da Silva
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Renaud Lavillenie
Flag of France.svg  France
Sam Kendricks
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
2000 Sydney
details
Stacy Dragila
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Tatiana Grigorieva
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Vala Flosadóttir
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland
2004 Athens
details
Yelena Isinbayeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Svetlana Feofanova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Anna Rogowska
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
2008 Beijing
details
Yelena Isinbayeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Jennifer Stuczynski
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Svetlana Feofanova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2012 London
details
Jennifer Suhr
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Yarisley Silva
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Yelena Isinbayeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Katerina Stefanidi
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Sandi Morris
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Eliza McCartney
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Bubka  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Konstantin Volkov  (URS)Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Atanas Tarev  (BUL)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Bubka  (URS)Flag of France.svg  Thierry Vigneron  (FRA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Radion Gataullin  (URS)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Bubka  (URS)Flag of Hungary.svg  István Bagyula  (HUN)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Maksim Tarasov  (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Sergey Bubka  (UKR)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Grigoriy Yegorov  (KAZ)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Maksim Tarasov  (RUS)
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Igor Trandenkov  (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Sergey Bubka  (UKR)Flag of Russia.svg  Maksim Tarasov  (RUS)Flag of France.svg  Jean Galfione  (FRA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Sergey Bubka  (UKR)Flag of Russia.svg  Maksim Tarasov  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Dean Starkey  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Maksim Tarasov  (RUS)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Dmitri Markov  (AUS)Flag of Israel.svg  Aleksandr Averbukh  (ISR)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Dmitri Markov  (AUS)Flag of Israel.svg  Aleksandr Averbukh  (ISR)Flag of the United States.svg  Nick Hysong  (USA)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Giuseppe Gibilisco  (ITA)Flag of South Africa.svg  Okkert Brits  (RSA)Flag of Sweden.svg  Patrik Kristiansson  (SWE)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Rens Blom  (NED)Flag of the United States.svg  Brad Walker  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Pavel Gerasimov  (RUS)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brad Walker  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Romain Mesnil  (FRA)Flag of Germany.svg  Danny Ecker  (GER)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Steve Hooker  (AUS)Flag of France.svg  Romain Mesnil  (FRA)Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Poland.svg  Paweł Wojciechowski  (POL)Flag of Cuba.svg  Lázaro Borges  (CUB)Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Raphael Holzdeppe  (GER)Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)Flag of Germany.svg  Björn Otto  (GER)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Shawnacy Barber  (CAN)Flag of Germany.svg  Raphael Holzdeppe  (GER)Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)
Flag of Poland.svg  Pawel Wojciechowski  (POL)
Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Lisek  (POL)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Sam Kendricks  (USA)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Lisek  (POL)Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Sam Kendricks  (USA)Flag of Sweden.svg  Armand Duplantis  (SWE)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Lisek  (POL)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Stacy Dragila  (USA)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Anzhela Balakhonova  (UKR)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Tatiana Grigorieva  (AUS)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Stacy Dragila  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Monika Pyrek  (POL)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)Flag of Germany.svg  Annika Becker  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Monika Pyrek  (POL)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Pavla Hamáčková  (CZE)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Kateřina Baďurová  (CZE)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Poland.svg  Anna Rogowska  (POL)Flag of the United States.svg  Chelsea Johnson  (USA)
Flag of Poland.svg  Monika Pyrek  (POL)
none awarded
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Fabiana Murer  (BRA)Flag of Germany.svg  Martina Strutz  (GER)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Jenn Suhr  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarisley Silva  (CUB)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarisley Silva  (CUB)Flag of Brazil.svg  Fabiana Murer  (BRA)Flag of Greece.svg  Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou  (GRE)
2017 London
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Stefanidi  (GRE)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandi Morris  (USA)Flag of Venezuela.svg  Robeilys Peinado  (VEN)
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarisley Silva  (CUB)
2019 Doha
details
ANA flag (2017).svg  Anzhelika Sidorova  (ANA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandi Morris  (USA)Flag of Greece.svg  Katerina Stefanidi  (GRE)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Bubka  (URS)Flag of France.svg  Thierry Vigneron  (FRA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Vasiliy Bubka  (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Bubka  (URS)Flag of the United States.svg  Earl Bell  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Thierry Vigneron  (FRA)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Radion Gataullin  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Grigoriy Yegorov  (URS)Flag of the United States.svg  Joe Dial  (USA)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Sergey Bubka  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Viktor Ryzhenkov  (URS)Flag of France.svg  Ferenc Salbert  (FRA)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Radion Gataullin  (RUS)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Grigoriy Yegorov  (KAZ)Flag of France.svg  Jean Galfione  (FRA)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Sergey Bubka  (UKR)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Igor Potapovich  (KAZ)Flag of South Africa.svg  Okkert Brits  (RSA)
Flag of Germany.svg  Andrei Tivontchik  (GER)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Igor Potapovich  (KAZ)Flag of the United States.svg  Lawrence Johnson  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Maksim Tarasov  (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of France.svg  Jean Galfione  (FRA)Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Hartwig  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Danny Ecker  (GER)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Lawrence Johnson  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Tye Harvey  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Romain Mesnil  (FRA)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Tim Lobinger  (GER)Flag of Germany.svg  Michael Stolle  (GER)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Rens Blom  (NED)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Igor Pavlov  (RUS)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Adam Ptáček  (CZE)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Denys Yurchenko  (UKR)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brad Walker  (USA)Flag of Sweden.svg  Alhaji Jeng  (SWE)Flag of Germany.svg  Tim Lobinger  (GER)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yevgeny Lukyanenko  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Brad Walker  (USA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Steve Hooker  (AUS)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Steve Hooker  (AUS)Flag of Germany.svg  Malte Mohr  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  Alexander Straub  (USA)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)Flag of Germany.svg  Björn Otto  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  Brad Walker  (USA)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Konstadinos Filippidis  (GRE)Flag of Germany.svg  Malte Mohr  (GER)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jan Kudlička  (CZE)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sam Kendricks  (USA)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Lisek  (POL)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of France.svg  Renaud Lavillenie  (FRA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sam Kendricks  (USA)Flag of Poland.svg  Piotr Lisek  (POL)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1997 Paris
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Stacy Dragila  (USA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Emma George  (AUS)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Cai Weiyan  (CHN)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Nastja Ryshich  (GER)Flag of Iceland.svg  Vala Flosadóttir  (ISL)Flag of Germany.svg  Nicole Humbert  (GER)
Flag of Hungary.svg  Zsuzsanna Szabó-Olgyai  (HUN)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Pavla Hamáčková  (CZE)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)
Flag of the United States.svg  Kellie Suttle  (USA)
none awarded
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Monika Pyrek  (POL)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Stacy Dragila  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Anna Rogowska  (POL)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Jennifer Stuczynski  (USA)Flag of Brazil.svg  Fabiana Murer  (BRA)
Flag of Poland.svg  Monika Pyrek  (POL)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Fabiana Murer  (BRA)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Feofanova  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Anna Rogowska  (POL)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Isinbayeva  (RUS)Flag of France.svg  Vanessa Boslak  (FRA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Holly Bleasdale  (GBR)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yarisley Silva  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Anzhelika Sidorova  (RUS)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jiřina Svobodová  (CZE)
none awarded
2016 Portland
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jennifer Suhr  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sandi Morris  (USA)Flag of Greece.svg  Katerina Stefanidi  (GRE)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Sandi Morris  (USA)ANA flag (2017).svg  Anzhelika Sidorova  (ANA)Flag of Greece.svg  Katerina Stefanidi  (GRE)

Season's bests

Notes and references

  1. Rosenbaum, Mike. Yelena Isinbayeva: Pole Vault Record-Breaker. About Track and Field. Retrieved on 25 January 2014.
  2. Rudman, Steve (31 May 2013). Huskies vault legend Brian Sternberg (1943-13). Sports Press NW. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  3. "Info". Polsstokverspringen/ Fierljeppen Holland. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 2 October 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  4. Jan., Johnson (2007). Illustrated history of the pole vault. VerSteeg, Russ., Kring, Ray. Norwich, CT: [publisher not identified]. p. 19. ISBN   9780979174605. OCLC   191809409.
  5. Turnbull, Simon (13 June 2009). Kate Dennison: 'It helps being a little bit crazy'. The Independent . Retrieved on 2009-06-15.
  6. Leutzinger, Dick (23 May 1963). "Fiber glass brings better – but sloppier – vaults". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). p. 3D.
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  41. US unit calculator for unofficial mark conversions in athletic events, hosted by USATF.org
  42. "Track and Field Statistics". trackfield.brinkster.net. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  43. Note: Earle Meadows cleared the same height minutes later in the same competition
  44. Note: George cleared 4.28 m (14 ft 12 in)
  45. Note: George cleared 4.58 m (15 ft 14 in)

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