100 metres

Last updated

Athletics
100 metres
London 2012 Olympic 100m final start.jpg
World records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.49 [lower-alpha 1] (1988)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 9.63 (2012)
Women Flag of Jamaica.svg Elaine Thompson-Herah 10.61 (2021)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women Flag of Jamaica.svg Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce 10.67 (2022)

The 100 metres, or 100-meter dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, the 100-meter (109.36 yd) dash is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The inaugural World Championships were in 1983.

Contents

Women's 100 m Final – 2015 World Championships, won by Jamaican sprinter Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce.

The reigning 100 m Olympic or world champion is often named "the fastest man or woman in the world". Fred Kerley and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world champions; Marcell Jacobs and Elaine Thompson-Herah are the men's and women's Olympic champions.

On an outdoor 400-metre running track, the 100 m is held on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. There are three instructions given to the runners immediately before and at the beginning of the race: "on your marks," "set," and the firing of the starter's pistol. The runners move to the starting blocks when they hear the 'on your marks' instruction. The following instruction, to adopt the 'set' position, allows them to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles: this will help them to start faster. A race-official then fires the starter's pistol to signal the race beginning and the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50 and 60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.

The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken. [lower-alpha 1]

US athletes have won the men's Olympic 100 metres title more times than any other country, 16 out of the 28 times that it has been run.[ citation needed ] US women have also dominated the event, winning 9 out of 21 times.[ citation needed ]

Race dynamics

Start

Male sprinters await the starter's instructions 20070701-nk2007-100m.jpg
Male sprinters await the starter's instructions

At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying to be last to the starting blocks. [3] [4] [5]

At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.2-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.

For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.

This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification. [6] This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work." [7] The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified. [8] [9]

Mid-race

Runners usually reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and progressively decelerate to the finish. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m. [10] Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.

Finish

The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with their torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line. [11] There is therefore no requirement for the entire body to cross the finish line. When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.

Climatic conditions

Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".

Furthermore, sprint athletes perform a better run at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts. While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A". [12]

10-second barrier

The 10-second mark had been widely considered a barrier for the 100 metres in men's sprinting. The first man to break the 10 second barrier was Jim Hines at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Since then, numerous sprinters have run faster than 10 seconds.

Ethnicity

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, the vast majority of them being of West African descent. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (an Indigenous Australian with Irish heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background. [13] [14] [15] [16]

In 2010, French sprinter Christophe Lemaitre became the first Caucasian to break the 10-second barrier. [16] In 2017, Azerbaijani-born naturalized Turkish Ramil Guliyev followed [17] and in 2018, Filippo Tortu became the first Italian to run under 10s. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian of China ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first East Asian athlete to officially break the 10-second barrier. On 1 August 2021, Su improved his Asian record at the Olympic semifinal in Tokyo with a time of 9.83. On 9 September 2017, Yoshihide Kiryū became the first man from Japan to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 metres, running a 9.98 (+1.8) at an intercollegiate meet in Fukui. British sprinter Adam Gemili, an athlete with an Iranian-Moroccan ethnic background, became the first sprinter of Middle-Eastern and North African ancestry to legally break the barrier on 7 June 2015, having done so earlier in the same season with an excessive wind reading. [18]

On 3 July 2022, Yupun Abeykoon became the first Sri Lankan as well as first South Asian sprinter in history ever to break 10 second barrier when he won the Resisprint International 2022 title in Switzerland. Yupun's achievement also meant Sri Lanka became the 32nd country in the world to have a sub-10 sprinter and Yupun also became the 167th member of the sub-10 club.

Record performances

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977. [19] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final in Berlin, Germany on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s. [20] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the US, at the 1988 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988 [21] breaking Evelyn Ashford's four-year-old world record by .27 seconds. The extraordinary nature of this result and those of several other sprinters in this race raised the possibility of a technical malfunction with the wind gauge which read at 0.0 m/s- a reading which was at complete odds to the windy conditions on the day with high wind speeds being recorded in all other sprints before and after this race as well as the parallel long jump runway at the time of the Griffith-Joyner performance. All scientific studies commissioned by the IAAF and independent organisations since have confirmed there was certainly an illegal tailwind of between 5 m/s – 7 m/s at the time. This should have annulled the legality of this result, although the IAAF has chosen not to take this course of action. The legitimate next best wind legal performance would therefore be Griffith-Joyner's 10.61s performance in the final the next day. [22]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Greene were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records

Updated 16 July 2022 [23]

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationTime (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )9.77 [A] +1.2 Ferdinand Omanyala Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya10.72+1.4 Marie-Josée Ta Lou Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Ivory Coast
Asia ( records )9.83+0.9 Su Bingtian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China10.790.0 Li Xuemei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
Europe ( records )9.80+0.1 Marcell Jacobs Flag of Italy.svg Italy10.73+2.0 Christine Arron Flag of France.svg France
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
9.58 WR +0.9 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica10.49 WR 0.0 [lower-alpha 1] Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg United States
Oceania ( records )9.93+1.8 Patrick Johnson Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia11.08+0.7 Zoe Hobbs Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
South America ( records )10.00 [A] +1.6 Robson da Silva Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil10.91−0.2 Rosângela Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil

Notes

  • A Represents a time set at a high altitude.

All-time top 25 men

Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics Usain Bolt winning.jpg
Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics

As of June 2022 [24] [25]

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
119.58+0.9 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 16 AUG 2009 Berlin [26]
29.63+1.5Bolt #205 AUG 2012 London
39.69±0.0Bolt #316 AUG 2008 Beijing
239.69+2.0 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20 SEP 2009 Shanghai [27]
−0.1 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 23 AUG 2012 Lausanne [28]
69.71+0.9Gay #216 AUG 2009 Berlin [26]
79.72+1.7Bolt #431 MAY 2008 New York City
479.72+0.2 Asafa Powell Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 02 SEP 2008 Lausanne [29]
99.74+1.7Powell #209 SEP 2007 Rieti
599.74+0.9 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 15 MAY 2015 Doha [30]
119.75+1.1Blake #229 JUN 2012 Kingston
+1.5Blake #305 AUG 2012 London
+0.9Gatlin #204 JUN 2015 Rome
+1.4Gatlin #309 JUL 2015 Lausanne
159.76+1.8Bolt #503 MAY 2008 Kingston
+1.3Bolt #616 SEP 2011 Brussels
−0.1Bolt #731 MAY 2012 Rome
+1.4Blake #430 AUG 2012 Zürich
6159.76+0.6 Christian Coleman Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 SEP 2019 Doha [31]
9.76 [A] +1.2 Trayvon Bromell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 18 SEP 2021 Nairobi [32]
9.76+1.4 Fred Kerley Flag of the United States.svg  United States 24 JUN 2022 Eugene
229.77+1.6Powell #314 JUN 2005 Athens
+1.5Powell #411 JUN 2006 Gateshead
+1.0Powell #518 AUG 2006 Zürich
+1.0Gay #328 JUN 2008 Eugene
−1.3Bolt #805 SEP 2008 Brussels
+0.9Powell #607 SEP 2008 Rieti
+0.4Gay #410 JUL 2009 Rome
−0.3Bolt #911 AUG 2013 Moscow
+0.6Gatlin #405 SEP 2014 Brussels
+0.9Gatlin #523 AUG 2015 Beijing
+1.5Bromell #205 JUN 2021 Miramar [33]
9229.77 [A] +1.2 Ferdinand Omanyala Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 18 SEP 2021 Nairobi [32]
229.77+1.8Kerley #224 JUN 2022 Eugene [34]
109.78+0.9 Nesta Carter Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 29 AUG 2010 Rieti [35]
119.79+0.1 Maurice Greene Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16 JUN 1999 Athens [36]
129.80+1.3 Steve Mullings Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 04 JUN 2011 Eugene [37]
+0.1 Marcell Jacobs Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 01 AUG 2021 Tokyo [38]
149.82+1.7 Richard Thompson Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 21 JUN 2014 Port of Spain [39]
159.83+0.9 Su Bingtian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 01 AUG 2021 Tokyo
+0.9 Ronnie Baker Flag of the United States.svg  United States 01 AUG 2021 Tokyo
179.84+0.7 Donovan Bailey Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 27 JUL 1996 Atlanta
+0.2 Bruny Surin Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 22 AUG 1999 Seville
+1.2 Akani Simbine Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 06 JUL 2021 Székesfehérvár [40]
209.85+1.2 Leroy Burrell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 06 JUL 1994 Lausanne [41]
+1.7 Olusoji Fasuba Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 12 MAY 2006 Doha
+1.3 Mike Rodgers Flag of the United States.svg  United States 04 JUN 2011 Eugene
+1.5 Marvin Bracy Flag of the United States.svg  United States 05 JUN 2021 Miramar [33]
249.86+1.2 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States 25 AUG 1991 Tokyo [42]
−0.4 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 03 JUL 1996 Lausanne
+1.8 Ato Boldon Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 19 APR 1998 Walnut
+0.6 Francis Obikwelu Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 22 AUG 2004 Athens
+1.4 Keston Bledman Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 23 JUN 2012 Port of Spain
+1.3 Jimmy Vicaut Flag of France.svg  France 04 JUL 2015 Saint-Denis [43]
+0.9 Noah Lyles Flag of the United States.svg  United States 18 MAY 2019 Shanghai [44]
+0.8 Divine Oduduru Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 07 JUN 2019 Austin [45]
+1.6 Michael Norman Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20 JUL 2020 Fort Worth [46]
+0.2 Oblique Seville Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21 MAY 2022 Kingston [47]
+0.7 Micah Williams Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 MAY 2022 Fayetteville [48]

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 9.80). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

Annulled marks

  • Tim Montgomery ran 9.78 (+2.0 m/s) in Paris on 14 September 2002, which was at the time ratified as a world record. [53] However, the record was rescinded in December 2005 following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges. [54] The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77. [55]
  • Ben Johnson ran 9.79 (+1.1 m/s) at the Olympics in Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 (+1.0 m/s) at the World Championships in Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded.

All-time top 25 women

Florence Griffith-Joyner is the world record holder Florence Griffith Joyner2.jpg
Florence Griffith-Joyner is the world record holder
Elaine Thompson-Herah, the fastest woman alive and the second fastest woman of all time Elaine Thompson Beijing 2015.jpg
Elaine Thompson-Herah, the fastest woman alive and the second fastest woman of all time
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, the third fastest woman ever Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Oregon 2022 (2).jpg
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce, the third fastest woman ever

As of September 2022 [56] [57]

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
1110.49±0.0 [lower-alpha 1] Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16 JUL 1988 Indianapolis
2210.54+0.9 Elaine Thompson-Herah Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21 AUG 2021 Eugene [58]
3310.60+1.7 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 26 AUG 2021 Lausanne [59]
410.61+1.2Griffith-Joyner #217 JUL 1988 Indianapolis
−0.6Thompson-Herah #231 JUL 2021 Tokyo [60]
610.62+1.0Griffith-Joyner #324 SEP 1988 Seoul
+0.4Fraser-Pryce #210 AUG 2022 Monaco [61]
810.63+1.3Fraser-Pryce #305 JUN 2021 Kingston [62]
4910.64+1.2 Carmelita Jeter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 20 SEP 2009 Shanghai
910.64+1.7Thompson-Herah #326 AUG 2021 Lausanne [59]
51110.65 [A] +1.1 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12 SEP 1998 Johannesburg
1110.65+0.6Thompson-Herah #409 SEP 2021 Zürich [63]
−0.8Fraser-Pryce #408 SEP 2022 Zürich [64]
1410.66+0.5Fraser-Pryce #506 AUG 2022 Chorzów [65]
1510.67−0.1Jeter #213 SEP 2009 Thessaloniki
10.67 [A] −0.4Fraser-Pryce #607 MAY 2022 Nairobi [66]
10.67+0.5Fraser-Pryce #718 JUN 2022 Paris [67]
+0.8Fraser-Pryce #817 JUL 2022 Eugene [68]
+1.3Fraser-Pryce #908 AUG 2022 Székesfehérvár [69]
2010.70+1.6Griffith-Joyner #417 JUL 1988 Indianapolis
−0.1Jones #222 AUG 1999 Seville
+2.0Jeter #304 JUN 2011 Eugene
+0.6Fraser-Pryce #1029 JUN 2012 Kingston
+0.3Thompson-Herah #501 JUL 2016 Kingston [70]
+1.1Fraser-Pryce #1123 JUN 2022 Kingston [71]
610.71+0.4 Shericka Jackson Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 10 AUG 2022 Monaco [72]
710.72+1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 APR 2021 Miramar [73]
+0.4 Marie-Josée Ta Lou Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 10 AUG 2022 Monaco [74]
910.73+2.0 Christine Arron Flag of France.svg  France 19 AUG 1998 Budapest
1010.74+1.3 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 07 SEP 1996 Milan
+1.0 English Gardner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 03 JUL 2016 Eugene [75]
1210.75+0.4 Kerron Stewart Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 10 JUL 2009 Rome
1310.76+1.7 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22 AUG 1984 Zürich
+1.1 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 31 MAY 2011 Ostrava
1510.77+0.9 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 06 JUL 1994 Lausanne
+0.7 Ivet Lalova Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 19 JUN 2004 Plovdiv
1710.78 [A] +1.0 Dawn Sowell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 03 JUN 1989 Provo
10.78+1.8 Torri Edwards Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 JUN 2008 Eugene
+1.6 Murielle Ahouré Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 11 JUN 2016 Montverde [76]
+1.0 Tianna Bartoletta Flag of the United States.svg  United States 03 JUL 2016 Eugene
+1.0 Tori Bowie Flag of the United States.svg  United States 03 JUL 2016 Eugene
2210.79±0.0 Li Xuemei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 18 OCT 1997 Shanghai
−0.1 Inger Miller Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22 AUG 1999 Seville
+1.1 Blessing Okagbare Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 27 JUL 2013 London
2510.81+1.7 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 08 JUN 1983 Berlin
−0.3 Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 24 AUG 2015 Beijing [77]
+1.7 Julien Alfred Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia 14 MAY 2022 Lubbock [78]
+0.5 Aleia Hobbs Flag of the United States.svg  United States 24 JUN 2022 Eugene [79]

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 10.81). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

Notes:

Season's bests

Top 25 junior (under-20) men

Updated August 2020 [80]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
19.91 A +0.8 Letsile Tebogo Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana2 August 2022 Cali 19 years, 60 days [81]
29.97+1.8 Trayvon Bromell Flag of the United States.svg United States13 June 2014 Eugene 18 years, 338 days [82]
310.00+1.6 Trentavis Friday Flag of the United States.svg United States5 July 2014 Eugene 19 years, 30 days
410.01+0.0 Darrel Brown Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago24 August 2003 Saint-Denis 18 years, 317 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps Flag of the United States.svg United States28 June 2008 Eugene 18 years, 172 days
+0.9 Yoshihide Kiryu Flag of Japan.svg Japan28 April 2013 Hiroshima 17 years, 134 days [83]
710.02 A +0.8 Bouwahjgie Nkrumie Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica2 August 2022 Cali 18 years, 167 days [84]
810.03+0.7 Marcus Rowland Flag of the United States.svg United States31 July 2009 Port of Spain 19 years, 142 days
+1.7 Lalu Muhammad Zohri Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia19 May 2019 Osaka 18 years, 322 days [85]
+0.6 Udodi Chudi Onwuzurike Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria27 May 2022 Fayetteville 19 years, 124 days [86]
1110.04+1.7 D'Angelo Cherry Flag of the United States.svg United States10 June 2009 Fayetteville 18 years, 313 days
+0.2 Christophe Lemaitre Flag of France.svg France24 July 2009 Novi Sad 19 years, 43 days
+1.9 Abdullah Abkar Mohammed Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia15 April 2016 Norwalk 18 years, 319 days [87]
-0.1 Erriyon Knighton Flag of the United States.svg United States16 April 2022 Gainesville 18 years, 77 days [88]
1510.05 Davidson Ezinwa Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria3 January 1990 Bauchi 18 years, 42 days
+0.1 Adam Gemili Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain11 July 2012 Barcelona 18 years, 279 days
+0.6 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Flag of Japan.svg Japan24 June 2017 Osaka 18 years, 110 days [89]
−0.64 August 2017 London 18 years, 151 days [90]
1810.060.0 Sunday Emmanuel Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria26 April 1997 Walnut 18 years, 200 days
+2.0 Dwain Chambers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain25 July 1997 Ljubljana 19 years, 111 days
+1.5 Walter Dix Flag of the United States.svg United States7 May 2005 New York 19 years, 116 days
+0.8 Shaun Maswanganyi Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa14 March 2020 Pretoria 19 years, 42 days [91]
2210.07+2.0 Stanley Floyd Flag of the United States.svg United States24 May 1980 Austin 18 years, 336 days
+1.1 DaBryan Blanton Flag of the United States.svg United States30 May 2003 Lincoln 18 years, 331 days
+0.2 Tamunosiki Atorudibo Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria8 July 2004 Abuja 19 years, 109 days
+0.3 Jimmy Vicaut Flag of France.svg France22 July 2011 Tallinn 19 years, 145 days
+2.029 July 2011 Albi 19 years, 152 days

Notes

  • Trayvon Bromell's junior world record is also the age-18 world record. He also recorded the fastest wind-assisted (+4.2 m/s) time for a junior or age-18 athlete of 9.77 seconds on 18 May 2014 (age 18 years, 312 days). [92]
  • Yoshihide Kiryu's time of 10.01 seconds matched the junior world record set by Darrel Brown and Jeff Demps, but was not ratified because of the type of wind gauge used. [93]
  • British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 4 August 2001 (age 18 years, 334 days), but the wind gauge malfunctioned. [94]
  • Nigerian sprinter Davidson Ezinwa recorded a time of 10.05 seconds on 4 January 1990 (age 18 years, 43 days), but with no wind gauge. [95]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.06:

Top 24 junior (under-20) women

Updated August 2022 [96]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
110.75+1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson Flag of the United States.svg United States8 June 2019 Austin 19 years, 75 days [97]
210.83+0.6 Tamari Davis Flag of the United States.svg United States30 July 2022 Memphis 19 years, 175 days [98]
310.88+2.0 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany1 July 1977 Dresden 19 years, 102 days
410.89+1.8 Katrin Krabbe Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany20 July 1988 Berlin 18 years, 241 days
510.95 A -0.1 Tina Clayton Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica3 August 2022 Cali 17 years, 351 days [99]
610.97+1.2 Briana Williams Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica5 June 2021 Miramar 19 years, 76 days [100]
10.97 A +1.6 Christine Mboma Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia30 April 2022 Gaborone 18 years, 343 days [101]
810.98+2.0 Candace Hill Flag of the United States.svg United States20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [102]
910.99+0.9 Ángela Tenorio Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador22 July 2015 Toronto 19 years, 176 days [103]
+1.7 Twanisha Terry Flag of the United States.svg United States21 April 2018 Torrance 19 years, 148 days [104]
1111.02+1.8 Tamara Clark Flag of the United States.svg United States12 May 2018 Knoxville 19 years, 123 days
1211.03+1.7 Silke Gladisch-Möller Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany8 June 1983 Berlin 18 years, 353 days
+0.6 English Gardner Flag of the United States.svg United States14 May 2011 Tucson 19 years, 22 days
1411.04+1.4 Angela Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States5 June 1999 Boise 19 years, 126 days
+1.6 Kiara Grant Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8 June 2019 Austin 18 years, 243 days [105]
1611.06+0.9 Khalifa St. Fort Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago24 June 2017 Port of Spain 19 years, 131 days [106]
1711.07+0.7 Bianca Knight Flag of the United States.svg United States27 June 2008 Eugene 19 years, 177 days
1811.08+2.0 Brenda Morehead Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1976 Eugene 18 years, 260 days
1911.09 Angela Williams Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago14 April 1984 Nashville 18 years, 335 days
+1.6 Ackera Nugent Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica27 May 2021 Austin 19 years, 28 days
11.09 A +0.1 Tima Seikeseye Godbless Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria2 August 2022 Cali 18 years, 19 days [107]
2211.10+0.9 Kaylin Whitney Flag of the United States.svg United States5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days
2311.11+0.2 Shakedia Jones Flag of the United States.svg United States2 May 1998 Westwood 19 years, 48 days
+1.1 Joan Uduak Ekah Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria2 July 1999 Lausanne 17 years, 224 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have made her the fourth fastest junior female of all-time. [108] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified. [109] [110] [111]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.11:

Top 22 Youth (under-18) boys

Updated August 2022 [112]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteCountryDatePlaceAgeRef
110.09 A +0.7 Puripol Boonson Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand2 August 2022 Cali 16 years, 200 days [113]
210.15+2.0 Anthony Schwartz Flag of the United States.svg United States31 March 2017 Gainesville 16 years, 207 days [114]
310.16−0.3 Erriyon Knighton Flag of the United States.svg United States23 May 2021 Boston, Massachusetts 17 years, 114 days [115]
410.19+0.5 Yoshihide Kiryu Flag of Japan.svg Japan3 November 2012 Fukuroi 16 years, 324 days
510.20+1.4 Darryl Haraway Flag of the United States.svg United States15 June 2014 Greensboro 17 years, 87 days
+1.5 Tlotliso Leotlela Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa7 September 2015 Apia 17 years, 118 days [116]
+2.0 Sachin Dennis Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 March 2018 Kingston 15 years, 233 days [117]
910.22+1.0 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Flag of Japan.svg Japan14 May 2016 Shanghai 17 years, 69 days
1010.23+0.8 Tamunosiki Atorudibo Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria23 March 2002 Enugu 17 years, 2 days[ citation needed ]
+1.2 Rynell Parson Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 2007 Indianapolis 16 years, 345 days
1210.24+0.0 Darrel Brown Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago14 April 2001 Bridgetown 16 years, 185 days
1310.25+1.5 J-Mee Samuels Flag of the United States.svg United States11 July 2004 Knoxville 17 years, 52 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps Flag of the United States.svg United States1 August 2007 Knoxville 17 years, 205 days
+0.9 Jhevaughn Matherson Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica5 March 2016 Kingston 17 years, 7 days [118] [ failed verification ]
1610.26+1.2 Deworski Odom Flag of the United States.svg United States21 July 1994 Lisbon 17 years, 101 days
−0.1 Sunday Emmanuel Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria18 March 1995 Bauchi 16 years, 161 days
1810.27+0.2 Henry Thomas Flag of the United States.svg United States19 May 1984 Norwalk 16 years, 314 days[ citation needed ]
+1.6 Curtis Johnson Flag of the United States.svg United States30 June 1990 Fresno 16 years, 188 days
+1.0 Ivory Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States8 June 2002 Sacramento 17 years, 37 days
−0.2 Jazeel Murphy Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 April 2011 Montego Bay 17 years, 55 days
+1.9 Raheem Chambers Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica20 April 2014 Fort-de-France 16 years, 196 days[ citation needed ]

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.20:

Top 17 Youth (under-18) girls

Updated 6 April 2022 [119]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
110.98+2.0 Candace Hill Flag of the United States.svg United States20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [102]
211.02+0.8 Briana Williams Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8 June 2019 Albuquerque 17 years, 79 days
311.09−0.6 Tina Clayton Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica19 August 2021 Nairobi 17 years, 2 days
411.10+0.9 Kaylin Whitney Flag of the United States.svg United States5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days [120]
511.13+2.0 Chandra Cheeseborough Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1976 Eugene 17 years, 163 days
+1.6 Tamari Davis Flag of the United States.svg United States9 June 2018 Montverde 15 years, 159 days
711.14+1.7 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg United States6 June 1992 Norwalk 16 years, 238 days
−0.5 Angela Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1997 Edwardsville 17 years, 142 days
911.16+1.2 Gabrielle Mayo Flag of the United States.svg United States22 June 2006 Indianapolis 17 years, 147 days
+0.9 Kevona Davis Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 March 2018 Kingston 16 years, 93 days
+1.2 Kerrica Hill Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica6 April 2022 Kingston 17 years, 31 days [121]
1211.17 [A] +0.6 Wendy Vereen Flag of the United States.svg United States3 July 1983 Colorado Springs 17 years, 70 days
1311.190.0 Khalifa St. Fort Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago16 July 2015 Cali 17 years, 153 days
1411.20 [A] +1.2 Raelene Boyle Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia15 October 1968 Mexico City 17 years, 144 days
1511.22+1.2 Alana Reid Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica6 April 2022 Kingston 17 years, 76 days
1611.24+1.2 Jeneba Tarmoh Flag of the United States.svg United States22 June 2006 Indianapolis 16 years, 268 days
+0.8 Jodie Williams Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain31 May 2010 Bedford 16 years, 245 days

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.24:

100 metres per age category

The best performances by 5- to 19-year-old athletes

As of August 2020

Para world records men

Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London. Men's 100m T13 Final, 2012 Paralympics.jpg
Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated September 2022 [122]

ClassTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
T11 10.82+1.2 Athanasios Ghavelas Flag of Greece.svg Greece2 September 2021 Tokyo [123]
T12 10.43+0.2 Salum Ageze Kashafali Flag of Norway.svg Norway29 August 2021 Tokyo [124]
T13 10.46+0.6 Jason Smyth Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland1 September 2012 London
T32 23.250.0 Martin McDonagh Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland13 August 1999 Nottingham
T33 16.46+1.3 Ahmad Almutairi Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait12 May 2015 Doha
+1.03 June 2017 Nottwil
T34 14.46+0.6 Walid Ktila Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia1 June 2019 Arbon
T35 11.390.0 Dmitrii Safronov Flag of Russia.svg Russia30 August 2021 Tokyo [125]
T36 11.72+0.7 James Turner Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia10 November 2019 Dubai
T37 10.95+0.3 Nick Mayhugh Flag of the United States.svg United States27 August 2021 Tokyo [126]
T38 10.74−0.3 Hu Jianwen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China13 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [127]
T42 12.04–0.5 Anton Prokhorov Flag of Russia.svg Russia30 August 2021 Tokyo [128]
T43 vacant
T44 11.00+1.1 Mpumelelo Mhlongo Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa11 November 2019 Dubai
T45 10.94+0.2 Yohansson Nascimento Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil6 September 2012 London
T46/47 10.29+1.8 Petrucio Ferreira dos Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil31 March 2022 São Paulo
T51 19.71+0.4 Peter Genyn Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium4 September 2020 Brussels
T52 16.41+0.2 Raymond Martin Flag of the United States.svg United States30 May 2019 Arbon
T53 14.10+0.7 Brent Lakatos Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada27 May 2017 Arbon
T54 13.63+1.0 Leo-Pekka Tähti Flag of Finland.svg Finland1 September 2012 London
T61 12.73+0.9 Ali Lacin Flag of Germany.svg Germany3 July 2020 Berlin
T62 10.54+1.6 Johannes Floors Flag of Germany.svg Germany10 November 2019 Dubai
T63 11.95+1.9 Vinicius Goncalves Rodrigues Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil25 April 2019 São Paulo
T64 10.61+1.4 Richard Browne Flag of the United States.svg United States29 October 2015 Doha

Para world records women

Updated June 2022 [129]

ClassificationTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
T11 11.85+1.5 Jerusa Geber Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil27 July 2019 São Paulo
T12 11.40+0.2 Omara Durand Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba9 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [130]
T13 11.79+0.5 Leilia Adzhametova Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine11 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [131]
T32 17.670.0 Lindsay Wright Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom25 July 1997 Nottingham
T33 19.89+0.3 Shelby Watson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom26 May 2016 Nottwil
T34 16.39+0.3 Hannah Cockroft Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom29 August 2021 Tokyo [132]
T35 13.43+0.9 Isis Holt Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia19 July 2017 London
T36 13.68+1.5 Shi Yiting Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China20 July 2017 London
T37 13.00+0.4 Wen Xiaoyan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China2 September 2021 Tokyo [133]
T38 12.38+1.0 Sophie Hahn Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain12 November 2019 Dubai
+0.428 August 2021 Tokyo [134]
T42 14.61−0.2 Karisma Evi Tiarani Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia13 November 2019 Dubai
T43 12.80+1.0 Marlou van Rhijn Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands29 October 2015 Doha [135]
T44 12.72+0.5 Irmgard Bensusan Flag of Germany.svg Germany24 May 2019 Nottwil [136]
12.72+1.8 Irmgard Bensusan Flag of Germany.svg Germany21 June 2019 Leverkusen
T45 14.000.0 Giselle Cole Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2 June 1980 Arnhem
T46/47 11.95−0.2 Yunidis Castillo Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba4 September 2012 London
T51 24.69−0.8 Cassie Mitchell Flag of the United States.svg United States2 July 2016 Charlotte
T52 18.67+1.7 Michelle Stilwell Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada14 July 2012 Windsor
T53 15.70+1.0 Catherine Debrunner Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland28 May 2022 Nottwil
T54 15.35+1.9 Tatyana McFadden Flag of the United States.svg United States5 June 2016 Indianapolis
T61 14.95+1.5 Vanessa Louw Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia20 January 2020 Canberra
T62 12.78+1.0 Fleur Jong Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands21 August 2020 Leverkusen
T63 14.02+0.3 Martina Caironi Flag of Italy.svg Italy28 May 2022 [lower-alpha 2] Eugene [137]
T64 12.64+1.6 Fleur Jong Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands3 June 2021 Bydgoszcz [138]

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Thomas Burke
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Fritz Hofmann
Flag of the German Empire.svg  Germany
Francis Lane
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Alajos Szokolyi
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Hungary
1900 Paris
details
Frank Jarvis
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Walter Tewksbury
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Stan Rowley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia
1904 St. Louis
details
Archie Hahn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nathaniel Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Hogenson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Reggie Walker
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  South Africa
James Rector
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Robert Kerr
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
1912 Stockholm
details
Ralph Craig
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Alvah Meyer
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Donald Lippincott
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1920 Antwerp
details
Charley Paddock
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Morris Kirksey
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Harry Edward
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1924 Paris
details
Harold Abrahams
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Jackson Scholz
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
1928 Amsterdam
details
Percy Williams
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Jack London
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Georg Lammers
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Eddie Tolan
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Metcalfe
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Arthur Jonath
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1936 Berlin
details
Jesse Owens
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Metcalfe
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Tinus Osendarp
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1948 London
details
Harrison Dillard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Barney Ewell
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Lloyd LaBeach
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
1952 Helsinki
details
Lindy Remigino
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Herb McKenley
Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Jamaica
McDonald Bailey
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1956 Melbourne
details
Bobby Morrow
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Thane Baker
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Hector Hogan
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1960 Rome
details
Armin Hary
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Dave Sime
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Peter Radford
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Bob Hayes
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Enrique Figueroa
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Harry Jerome
Canadian Red Ensign (1957-1965).svg  Canada
1968 Mexico City
details
Jim Hines
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Lennox Miller
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Charles Greene
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1972 Munich
details
Valeriy Borzov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Robert Taylor
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Lennox Miller
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1976 Montreal
details
Hasely Crawford
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Don Quarrie
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Valeriy Borzov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1980 Moscow
details
Allan Wells
Olympic flag.svg  Great Britain
Silvio Leonard
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Petar Petrov
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
1984 Los Angeles
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Sam Graddy
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ben Johnson
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
1988 Seoul
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Linford Christie
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Calvin Smith
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Linford Christie
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Frankie Fredericks
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Dennis Mitchell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Donovan Bailey
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Frankie Fredericks
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Ato Boldon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
2000 Sydney
details
Maurice Greene
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ato Boldon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Obadele Thompson
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados
2004 Athens
details
Justin Gatlin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Francis Obikwelu
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Maurice Greene
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2008 Beijing
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Richard Thompson
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
Walter Dix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Yohan Blake
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Justin Gatlin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2016 Rio
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Justin Gatlin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Andre De Grasse
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
2020 Tokyo
details
Marcell Jacobs
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Fred Kerley
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Andre De Grasse
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Betty Robinson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Fanny Rosenfeld
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Ethel Smith
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
1932 Los Angeles
details
Stanisława Walasiewicz
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Hilda Strike
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Wilhelmina von Bremen
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Helen Stephens
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Stanisława Walasiewicz
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Käthe Krauß
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Dorothy Manley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Shirley Strickland
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Daphne Hasenjager
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
Shirley Strickland de la Hunty
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Christa Stubnick
Flag of Germany.svg  United Team of Germany
Marlene Matthews
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dorothy Hyman
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Giuseppina Leone
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1964 Tokyo
details
Wyomia Tyus
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Edith McGuire
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ewa Kłobukowska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Wyomia Tyus
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Barbara Ferrell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Raelene Boyle
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Silvia Chivás
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1976 Montreal
details
Annegret Richter
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Inge Helten
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lyudmila Kondratyeva
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Marlies Göhr
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Ingrid Auerswald
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Evelyn Ashford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Alice Brown
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Evelyn Ashford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Heike Drechsler
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gail Devers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Juliet Cuthbert
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Irina Privalova
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Gail Devers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Gwen Torrence
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2000 Sydney
details
Vacant [139] Ekaterini Thanou
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Tayna Lawrence
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Yulia Nestsiarenka
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
Lauryn Williams
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Veronica Campbell
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2008 Beijing
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Sherone Simpson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
none awarded
Kerron Stewart
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2012 London
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Veronica Campbell-Brown
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Tori Bowie
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2020 Tokyo
details
Elaine Thompson-Herah
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Shericka Jackson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Emmit King  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Raymond Stewart  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Leroy Burrell  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Andre Cason  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bruny Surin  (CAN)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of the United States.svg  Tim Montgomery  (USA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bruny Surin  (CAN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dwain Chambers  (GBR)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Bernard Williams  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Darrel Brown  (TRI)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Darren Campbell  (GBR)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Michael Frater  (JAM)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Derrick Atkins  (BAH)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Asafa Powell  (JAM)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Asafa Powell  (JAM)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Yohan Blake  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Dix  (USA)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Nesta Carter  (JAM)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Trayvon Bromell  (USA)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)
2022 Eugene
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Fred Kerley  (USA)