100 metres

Last updated

Athletics
100 metres
London 2012 Olympic 100m final start.jpg
Start of the men's 100 metres final at the
2012 Olympic Games.
World records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.49 [lower-alpha 1] (1988)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 9.63 (2012)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 10.62 (1988)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 9.58 (2009)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Marion Jones 10.70 (1999)

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

Contents

Women's 100 m Final – 2015 World Championships, won by Jamaican sprinter Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce.

The reigning 100 m Olympic or world champion is often named "the fastest man or woman in the world". Christian Coleman and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world champions; Usain Bolt and Elaine Thompson are the men's and women's Olympic champions.

On an outdoor 400 metres running track, the 100 m is run on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. There are three instructions given to the runners immediately before and at the beginning of the race: "on your marks," "set," and the firing of the starter's pistol. The runners move to the starting blocks when they hear the 'on your marks' instruction. The following instruction, to adopt the 'set' position, allows them to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles: this will help them to start faster. A race-official then fires the starter's pistol to signal the race beginning and the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50 and 60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.

The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken. [lower-alpha 1]

The 100 m (109.361 yards) emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards (91.44 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.

US athletes have won the men's Olympic 100 metres title more times than any other country, 16 out of the 28 times that it has been run. US women have also dominated the event winning 9 out of 21 times.

Race dynamics

Start

Male sprinters await the starter's instructions 20070701-nk2007-100m.jpg
Male sprinters await the starter's instructions

At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying to be last to the starting blocks. [3] [4] [5]

At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.2-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.

For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.

This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification. [6] This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work." [7] The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified. [8] [9]

Mid-race

Runners normally reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and they progressively decelerate in the later stages of the race. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m. [10] Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.

Finish

The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with his or her torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line. [11] There is therefore no requirement for the entire body to cross the finish line. When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.

Climatic conditions

Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".

Furthermore, sprint athletes perform a better run at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts. While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A". [12]

10-second barrier

The 10-second mark had been widely been considered a barrier for the 100 metres in men's sprinting. The first man to break the 10 second barrier was Jim Hines at the 1968 Summer Olympics. Since then, numerous sprinters have run faster than 10 seconds.

Ethnicity

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, majority of them being of West African descent in particular those descendant from the Atlantic Slave trade. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (an Indigenous Australian with Irish heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background. [13] [14] [15] [16]

In 2010, French sprinter Christophe Lemaitre became the first Caucasian to break the 10-second barrier. [16] In 2017, Azerbaijani-born naturalized Turkish Ramil Guliyev followed [17] and in 2018, Filippo Tortu became the first Italian to run under 10s. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian of China ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first East Asian athlete to officially break the 10-second barrier. On 22 June 2018, Su improved his time in Madrid with a time of 9.91. [18] On 9 September 2017, Yoshihide Kiryū became the first man from Japan to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 metres, running a 9.98 (+1.8) at an intercollegiate meet in Fukui. British sprinter Adam Gemili, an athlete with an Iranian-Moroccan ethnic background, became the first sprinter of Middle-Eastern and North African ancestry to legally break the barrier on 7 June 2015, having done so earlier in the same season with an excessive wind reading. [19]

Record performances

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977. [20] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final in Berlin, Germany on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s. [21] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the US, at the 1988 United States Olympic Trials in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988 [22] breaking Evelyn Ashford's four-year-old world record by .27 seconds. The extraordinary nature of this result and those of several other sprinters in this race raised the possibility of a technical malfunction with the wind gauge which read at 0.0 m/s- a reading which was at complete odds to the windy conditions on the day with high wind speeds being recorded in all other sprints before and after this race as well as the parallel long jump runway at the time of the Griffith-Joyner performance. All scientific studies commissioned by the IAAF and independent organisations since have confirmed there was certainly an illegal tailwind of between 5 m/s – 7 m/s at the time. This should have annulled the legality of this result, although the IAAF has chosen not to take this course of action. The legitimate next best wind legal performance would therefore be Griffith-Joyner's 10.61s performance in the final the next day. [23]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Greene were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records

Updated 7 March 2021. [24]

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationTime (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )9.85+1.7 Olusoji Fasuba Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria10.78+1.6 Murielle Ahouré Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Ivory Coast
Asia ( records )9.91+1.8 Femi Ogunode Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar10.790.0 Li Xuemei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
+0.6
+0.2 Su Bingtian Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China
+0.8
Europe ( records )9.86+0.6 Francis Obikwelu Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal10.73+2.0 Christine Arron Flag of France.svg France
+1.3 Jimmy Vicaut Flag of France.svg France
+1.8
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
9.58 WR +0.9 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica10.49 WR 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg United States
Oceania ( records )9.93+1.8 Patrick Johnson Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia11.11+1.9 Melissa Breen Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
South America ( records )10.00 [A] +1.6 Robson da Silva Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil10.91−0.2 Rosângela Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil

Notes

All-time top 25 men

Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics Usain Bolt winning.jpg
Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics
RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteCountryDatePlaceRef
19.58+0.9 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica16 August 2009 Berlin [27]
29.69+2.0 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg United States20 September 2009 Shanghai [28]
−0.1 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 August 2012 Lausanne [29]
49.72+0.2 Asafa Powell Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica2 September 2008 Lausanne [30]
59.74+0.9 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg United States15 May 2015 Doha [31]
69.76+0.6 Christian Coleman Flag of the United States.svg United States28 September 2019 Doha [32]
79.78+0.9 Nesta Carter Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica29 August 2010 Rieti [33]
89.79+0.1 Maurice Greene Flag of the United States.svg United States16 June 1999 Athens [34]
99.80+1.3 Steve Mullings Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica4 June 2011 Eugene [35]
109.82+1.7 Richard Thompson Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago21 June 2014 Port of Spain [36]
119.84+0.7 Donovan Bailey Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada27 July 1996 Atlanta
+0.2 Bruny Surin Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada22 August 1999 Seville
+1.3 Trayvon Bromell Flag of the United States.svg United States25 June 2015 Eugene
+1.63 July 2016 [37]
149.85+1.2 Leroy Burrell Flag of the United States.svg United States6 July 1994 Lausanne [38]
+1.7 Olusoji Fasuba Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria12 May 2006 Doha
+1.3 Mike Rodgers Flag of the United States.svg United States4 June 2011 Eugene
179.86+1.2 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg United States25 August 1991 Tokyo [39]
−0.7 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia3 July 1996 Lausanne
+1.8 Ato Boldon Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago19 April 1998 Walnut
+0.6 Francis Obikwelu Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal22 August 2004 Athens
+1.4 Keston Bledman Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago23 June 2012 Port of Spain
+1.3 Jimmy Vicaut Flag of France.svg France4 July 2015 Saint-Denis [40]
+0.9 Noah Lyles Flag of the United States.svg United States18 May 2019 Shanghai [41]
+0.8 Divine Oduduru Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria7 June 2019 Austin [42]
+1.6 Michael Norman Flag of the United States.svg United States20 July 2020 Fort Worth [43]

More facts about these male runners

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 9.86:

  • Usain Bolt also holds the world record for the fastest 100 metres with a running start at 8.70 (41 km/h). This was achieved in a 150 metres race during the BUPA Great City Games in Manchester on 17 May 2009, completed in 14.35 (also a world record). [44] He also ran 9.63 (2012), 9.69 (2008), 9.72 (2008), 9.76 (2008, 2011, 2012), 9.77 (2008, 2013), 9.79 (2009, 2012, 2015), 9.80 (2013), 9.81 (2009, 2016), 9.82 (2010, 2012), 9.83 (2008), 9.84 (2010), 9.85 (2008, 2011, 2013) and 9.86 (2009, 2010, 2012, 2016).
  • Tyson Gay also ran 9.71 (2009), 9.77 (2008, 2009), 9.78 (2010), 9.79 (2010, 2011), 9.84 (2006, 2007, 2010), 9.85 (2007, 2008) and 9.86 (2012).
  • Asafa Powell also ran 9.74 (2007), 9.77 (2005, 2006, 2008), 9.78 (2007, 2011), 9.81 (2015), 9.82 (2008, 2009, 2010), 9.83 (2007, 2008, 2010), 9.84 (2005, 2007, 2009, 2015), 9.85 (2005, 2006, 2009, 2012), and 9.86 (2006, 2011).
  • Yohan Blake also ran 9.75 (2012), 9.76 (2012), 9.82 (2011), 9.84 (2012), and 9.85 (2012).
  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in Doha on 12 May 2006, which was at the time ratified as a world record. However, the record was rescinded in 2007 after he failed a doping test in April 2006. He also ran 9.75 (2015), 9.77 (2014, 2015), 9.78 (2015), 9.79 (2012), 9.80 (2012, 2014, 2015, 2016), 9.82 (2012, 2014), 9.83 (2014, 2016), 9.85 (2004, 2013) and 9.86 (2014).
  • Tim Montgomery ran 9.78 in Paris on 14 September 2002, which was at the time ratified as a world record. [45] However, the record was rescinded in December 2005 following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges. [46] The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77. [47]
  • Ben Johnson ran 9.79 in Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 at Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded.
  • Christian Coleman also ran 9.79 (2018), 9.81 (2019), 9.82 (2017), 9.85 (2019), and 9.86 (2019).
  • Maurice Greene also ran 9.80 (1999), 9.82 (2001), 9.85 (1999) and 9.86 (1997, 2000).
  • Trayvon Bromell also ran 9.84 (2016).
  • Nesta Carter also ran 9.85 (2010) and 9.86 (2010).
  • Richard Thompson also ran 9.85 (2011).
  • Ato Boldon also ran 9.86 (1998, 1999).
  • Keston Bledman also ran 9.86 (2015).
  • Mike Rodgers also ran 9.86 (2015).
  • Jimmy Vicaut also ran 9.86 (2016).
  • Steve Mullings is serving a lifetime ban for doping. [48]

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (9.80 or better). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

All-time top 25 women

Christine Arron (left) wins the 100 m at the Weltklasse meeting. 100m women Golden League 2007 in Zurich.jpg
Christine Arron (left) wins the 100 m at the Weltklasse meeting.
RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
110.490.0 [lower-alpha 1] Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg United States16 July 1988 Indianapolis
210.64+1.2 Carmelita Jeter Flag of the United States.svg United States20 September 2009 Shanghai
310.65 [A] +1.1 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg United States12 September 1998 Johannesburg
410.70+0.6 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica29 June 2012 Kingston
+0.3 Elaine Thompson Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica1 July 2016 Kingston [54]
610.72+1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson Flag of the United States.svg United States10 April 2021 Miramar [55]
710.73+2.0 Christine Arron Flag of France.svg France19 August 1998 Budapest
810.74+1.3 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica7 September 1996 Milan
+1.0 English Gardner Flag of the United States.svg United States3 July 2016 Eugene [37]
1010.75+0.4 Kerron Stewart Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica10 July 2009 Rome
1110.76+1.7 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg United States22 August 1984 Zürich
+1.1 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica31 May 2011 Ostrava
1310.77+0.9 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg Russia6 July 1994 Lausanne
+0.7 Ivet Lalova Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria19 June 2004 Plovdiv
1510.78 [A] +1.0 Dawn Sowell Flag of the United States.svg United States3 June 1989 Provo
10.78+1.8 Torri Edwards Flag of the United States.svg United States26 June 2008 Eugene
+1.6 Murielle Ahouré Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg Ivory Coast11 June 2016 Montverde [56]
+1.0 Tianna Bartoletta Flag of the United States.svg United States3 July 2016 Eugene [37]
+1.0 Tori Bowie Flag of the United States.svg United States3 July 2016 Eugene [37]
2010.790.0 Li Xuemei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China18 October 1997 Shanghai
−0.1 Inger Miller Flag of the United States.svg United States22 August 1999 Seville
+1.1 Blessing Okagbare Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria27 July 2013 London
2310.81+1.7 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany8 June 1983 Berlin
−0.3 Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands24 August 2015 Beijing [57]
2510.82−1.0 Gail Devers Flag of the United States.svg United States1 August 1992 Barcelona
+1.57 July 1993 Lausanne
−0.316 August 1993 Stuttgart
+0.4 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg United States3 September 1994 Paris
−0.3 Zhanna Block Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine6 August 2001 Edmonton
−0.7 Sherone Simpson Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica24 June 2006 Kingston
+0.9 Michelle-Lee Ahye Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago24 June 2017 Port of Spain [58]

More facts about these female runners

  • Florence Griffith-Joyner's world record has been the subject of a controversy due to strong suspicion of a defective anemometer measuring a tailwind lower than actually present; [59] since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognised as a world record". [60] It can be reasonable to assume a wind reading of about +4.7 m/s for Griffith-Joyner's quarter-final. Her legal 10.61 the following day and 10.62 at the 1988 Olympics would still make her the world record holder. [61]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.82:

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (10.82 or better). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown.

Season's bests

Top 17 junior (under-20) men

As of 29 March 2020 [62]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
19.97+1.8 Trayvon Bromell Flag of the United States.svg United States13 June 2014 Eugene 18 years, 338 days [63]
210.00+1.6 Trentavis Friday Flag of the United States.svg United States5 July 2014 Eugene 19 years, 30 days
310.01+0.0 Darrel Brown Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago24 August 2003 Saint-Denis 18 years, 317 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps Flag of the United States.svg United States28 June 2008 Eugene 18 years, 172 days
+0.9 Yoshihide Kiryu Flag of Japan.svg Japan28 April 2013 Hiroshima 17 years, 134 days [64]
610.03+0.7 Marcus Rowland Flag of the United States.svg United States31 July 2009 Port of Spain 19 years, 142 days
+1.7 Lalu Muhammad Zohri Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia19 May 2019 Osaka 18 years, 322 days [65]
810.04+1.7 D'Angelo Cherry Flag of the United States.svg United States10 June 2009 Fayetteville 18 years, 313 days
+0.2 Christophe Lemaitre Flag of France.svg France24 July 2009 Novi Sad 19 years, 43 days
+1.9 Abdullah Abkar Mohammed Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia15 April 2016 Norwalk 18 years, 319 days [66]
1110.05 Davidson Ezinwa Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria3 January 1990 Bauchi 18 years, 42 days
+0.1 Adam Gemili Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain11 July 2012 Barcelona 18 years, 279 days
+0.6 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Flag of Japan.svg Japan24 June 2017 Osaka 18 years, 110 days [67]
−0.64 August 2017 London 18 years, 151 days [68]
1410.060.0 Sunday Emmanuel Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria26 April 1997 Walnut 18 years, 200 days
+2.0 Dwain Chambers Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain25 July 1997 Ljubljana 19 years, 111 days
+1.5 Walter Dix Flag of the United States.svg United States7 May 2005 New York 19 years, 116 days
+0.8 Phatutshedzo Maswanganyi Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa14 March 2020 Pretoria 19 years, 42 days [69]

Notes

  • Trayvon Bromell's junior world record is also the age-18 world record. He also recorded the fastest wind-assisted (+4.2 m/s) time for a junior or age-18 athlete of 9.77 seconds on 18 May 2014 (age 18 years, 312 days). [70]
  • Yoshihide Kiryu's time of 10.01 seconds matched the junior world record set by Darrel Brown and Jeff Demps, but was not ratified because of the type of wind gauge used. [71]
  • British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 4 August 2001 (age 18 years, 334 days), but the wind gauge malfunctioned. [72]
  • Nigerian sprinter Davidson Ezinwa recorded a time of 10.05 seconds on 4 January 1990 (age 18 years, 43 days), but with no wind gauge. [73]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.06:

Top 20 junior (under-20) women

Updated 5 January 2020 [74]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
110.75+1.6 Sha'Carri Richardson Flag of the United States.svg United States8 June 2019 Austin 19 years, 75 days [75]
210.88+2.0 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany1 July 1977 Dresden 19 years, 102 days
310.89+1.8 Katrin Krabbe Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany20 July 1988 Berlin 18 years, 241 days
410.98+2.0 Candace Hill Flag of the United States.svg United States20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [76]
510.99+0.9 Ángela Tenorio Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador22 July 2015 Toronto 19 years, 176 days [77]
+1.7 Twanisha Terry Flag of the United States.svg United States21 April 2018 Torrance 19 years, 148 days [78]
711.02+1.8 Tamara Clark Flag of the United States.svg United States12 May 2018 Knoxville 19 years, 123 days
+0.8 Briana Williams Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8 June 2019 Albuquerque 17 years, 79 days
911.03+1.7 Silke Gladisch-Möller Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany8 June 1983 Berlin 18 years, 353 days
+0.6 English Gardner Flag of the United States.svg United States14 May 2011 Tucson 19 years, 22 days
1111.04+1.4 Angela Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States5 June 1999 Boise 19 years, 126 days
+1.6 Kiara Grant Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8 June 2019 Austin 18 years, 243 days [79]
1311.06+0.9 Khalifa St. Fort Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago24 June 2017 Port of Spain 19 years, 131 days [80]
1411.07+0.7 Bianca Knight Flag of the United States.svg United States27 June 2008 Eugene 19 years, 177 days
1511.08+2.0 Brenda Morehead Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1976 Eugene 18 years, 260 days
1611.09 NWI Angela Williams Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago14 April 1984 Nashville 18 years, 335 days
1711.10+0.9 Kaylin Whitney Flag of the United States.svg United States5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days
1811.11+0.2 Shakedia Jones Flag of the United States.svg United States2 May 1998 Westwood 19 years, 48 days
+1.1 Joan Uduak Ekah Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria2 July 1999 Lausanne 17 years, 224 days
2011.12+2.0 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica18 October 2000 Santiago 18 years, 156 days
+1.2 Alexandria Anderson Flag of the United States.svg United States22 June 2006 Indianapolis 19 years, 145 days
+1.1 Aurieyall Scott Flag of the United States.svg United States24 June 2011 Eugene 19 years, 37 days
+0.9 Ewa Swoboda Flag of Poland.svg Poland21 July 2016 Bydgoszcz 18 years, 361 days

Notes

  • Briana Williams ran 10.94 s at the Jamaican Championships on 21 June 2019, which would have made her the fourth fastest junior female of all-time. [81] However, she tested positive for the banned diuretic hydrochlorothiazide during the competition. She was determined to be not at fault and received no period of ineligibility to compete, but her results from the Jamaican Championships were nullified. [82] [83] [84]

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 10.99:

Top 15 Youth (under-18) boys

Updated 5 January 2020 [85]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteCountryDatePlaceAgeRef
110.15+2.0 Anthony Schwartz Flag of the United States.svg United States31 March 2017 Gainesville 16 years, 207 days [86]
210.19+0.5 Yoshihide Kiryu Flag of Japan.svg Japan3 November 2012 Fukuroi 16 years, 324 days
310.20+1.4 Darryl Haraway Flag of the United States.svg United States15 June 2014 Greensboro 17 years, 87 days
+1.5 Tlotliso Leotlela Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa7 September 2015 Apia 17 years, 118 days [87]
+2.0 Sachin Dennis Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 March 2018 Kingston 15 years, 233 days [88]
610.22+1.0 Abdul Hakim Sani Brown Flag of Japan.svg Japan14 May 2016 Shanghai 17 years, 69 days
710.23+0.8 Tamunosiki Atorudibo Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria23 March 2002 Enugu 17 years, 2 days[ citation needed ]
+1.2 Rynell Parson Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 2007 Indianapolis 16 years, 345 days
910.24+0.0 Darrel Brown Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago14 April 2001 Bridgetown 16 years, 185 days
1010.25+1.5 J-Mee Samuels Flag of the United States.svg United States11 July 2004 Knoxville 17 years, 52 days
+1.6 Jeff Demps Flag of the United States.svg United States1 August 2007 Knoxville 17 years, 205 days
+0.9 Jhevaughn Matherson Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica5 March 2016 Kingston 17 years, 7 days [89] [ failed verification ]
1310.26+1.2 Deworski Odom Flag of the United States.svg United States21 July 1994 Lisbon 17 years, 101 days
−0.1 Sunday Emmanuel Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria18 March 1995 Bauchi 16 years, 161 days
1510.27+0.2 Henry Thomas Flag of the United States.svg United States19 May 1984 Norwalk 16 years, 314 days[ citation needed ]
+1.6 Curtis Johnson Flag of the United States.svg United States30 June 1990 Fresno 16 years, 188 days
+1.0 Ivory Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States8 June 2002 Sacramento 17 years, 37 days
−0.2 Jazeel Murphy Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 April 2011 Montego Bay 17 years, 55 days
+1.9 Raheem Chambers Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica20 April 2014 Fort-de-France 16 years, 196 days[ citation needed ]

Top 15 Youth (under-18) girls

Updated 5 January 2020 [90]

RankTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceAgeRef
110.98+2.0 Candace Hill Flag of the United States.svg United States20 June 2015 Shoreline 16 years, 129 days [76]
211.02+0.8 Briana Williams Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8 June 2019 Albuquerque 17 years, 79 days
311.10+0.9 Kaylin Whitney Flag of the United States.svg United States5 July 2014 Eugene 16 years, 118 days [91]
411.13+2.0 Chandra Cheeseborough Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1976 Eugene 17 years, 163 days
+1.6 Tamari Davis Flag of the United States.svg United States9 June 2018 Montverde 15 years, 159 days
611.14+1.7 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg United States6 June 1992 Norwalk 16 years, 238 days
−0.5 Angela Williams Flag of the United States.svg United States21 June 1997 Edwardsville 17 years, 142 days
811.16+1.2 Gabrielle Mayo Flag of the United States.svg United States22 June 2006 Indianapolis 17 years, 147 days
+0.9 Kevona Davis Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica23 March 2018 Kingston 16 years, 93 days
1011.17 A +0.6 Wendy Vereen Flag of the United States.svg United States3 July 1983 Colorado Springs 17 years, 70 days
1111.190.0 Khalifa St. Fort Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago16 July 2015 Cali 17 years, 153 days
1211.20 A +1.2 Raelene Boyle Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia15 October 1968 Mexico City 17 years, 144 days
1311.24−1.0 Ewa Swoboda Flag of Poland.svg Poland4 June 2015 Sankt Pölten 17 years, 313 days
1411.24+1.2 Jeneba Tarmoh Flag of the United States.svg United States22 June 2006 Indianapolis 16 years, 268 days
+0.8 Jodie Williams Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain31 May 2010 Bedford 16 years, 245 days

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 11.24:

100 metres per age category

The best performances by 5- to 19-year-old athletes from 48 countries

As of 15 August 2020

Para world records men

Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London. Men's 100m T13 Final, 2012 Paralympics.jpg
Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated 20 October 2020 [92]

ClassTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
T11 10.92+1.8 David Brown Flag of the United States.svg United States18 April 2014 Walnut
T12 10.45+1.8 Salum Ageze Kashafali Flag of Norway.svg Norway13 June 2019 Oslo [93]
T13 10.46+0.6 Jason Smyth Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland1 September 2012 London
T32 23.250.0 Martin McDonagh Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland13 August 1999 Nottingham
T33 16.46+1.3 Ahmad Almutairi Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait12 May 2015 Doha
+1.03 June 2017 Nottwil
T34 14.46+0.6 Walid Ktila Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia1 June 2019 Arbon
T35 11.77+0.4 Ihor Tsvietov Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine15 November 2019 Dubai
T36 11.72+0.7 James Turner Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia10 November 2019 Dubai
T37 11.42+0.2 Charl du Toit Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa10 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [94]
T38 10.74−0.3 Hu Jianwen Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China13 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [95]
T42 12.420.0 Anton Prokhorov Flag of Russia.svg Russia15 November 2019 Dubai
T43 vacant
T44 11.00+1.1 Mpumelelo Mhlongo Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa11 November 2019 Dubai
T45 10.94+0.2 Yohansson Nascimento Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil6 September 2012 London
T46/47 10.42+0.3 Petrucio Ferreira dos Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil12 November 2019 Dubai
T51 19.71+0.4 Peter Genyn Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium4 September 2020 Brussels
T52 16.41+0.2 Raymond Martin Flag of the United States.svg United States30 May 2019 Arbon
T53 14.10+0.7 Brent Lakatos Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada27 May 2017 Arbon
T54 13.63+1.0 Leo-Pekka Tähti Flag of Finland.svg Finland1 September 2012 London
T61 12.73+0.9 Ali Lacin Flag of Germany.svg Germany3 July 2020 Berlin
T62 10.54+1.6 Johannes Floors Flag of Germany.svg Germany10 November 2019 Dubai
T63 11.95+1.9 Vinicius Goncalves Rodrigues Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil25 April 2019 São Paulo
T64 10.61+1.4 Richard Browne Flag of the United States.svg United States29 October 2015 Doha

Para world records women

Updated 12 February 2021 [96]

ClassificationTimeWind (m/s)AthleteNationalityDatePlaceRef
T11 11.85+1.5 Jerusa Geber Santos Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil27 July 2019 São Paulo
T12 11.40+0.2 Omara Durand Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba9 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [97]
T13 11.79+0.5 Leilia Adzhametova Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine11 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [98]
T32 37.670.0 Lindsay Wright Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom25 July 1997 Nottingham
T33 19.89+0.3 Shelby Watson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom26 May 2016 Nottwil
T34 16.77+1.4 Hannah Cockroft Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom10 November 2019 Dubai
T35 13.43+0.9 Isis Holt Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia19 July 2017 London
T36 13.68+1.5 Shi Yiting Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China20 July 2017 London
T37 13.10+1.3 Mandy Francois-Elie Flag of France.svg France24 May 2019 Nottwil
T38 12.38+1.0 Sophie Hahn Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Great Britain12 November 2019 Loughborough
T42 14.61−0.2 Karisma Evi Tiarani Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia13 November 2019 Dubai
T43 12.80+1.0 Marlou van Rhijn Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands29 October 2015 Doha [99]
T44 12.72+0.5 Irmgard Bensusan Flag of Germany.svg Germany24 May 2019 Nottwil [100]
12.72+1.8 Irmgard Bensusan Flag of Germany.svg Germany21 June 2019 Leverkusen
T45 14.000.0 Giselle Cole Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada2 June 1980 Arnhem
T46/47 11.95−0.2 Yunidis Castillo Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba4 September 2012 London
T51 24.69−0.8 Cassie Mitchell Flag of the United States.svg United States2 July 2016 Charlotte
T52 18.67+1.7 Michelle Stilwell Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada14 July 2012 Windsor
T53 16.19+1.0 Huang Lisha Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China8 September 2016 Rio de Janeiro [101]
T54 15.35+1.9 Tatyana McFadden Flag of the United States.svg United States5 June 2016 Indianapolis
T61 14.95+1.5 Vanessa Louw Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia20 January 2020 Canberra
T62 12.78+1.0 Fleur Jong Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands21 August 2020 Leverkusen
T63 14.59+0.2 Ambra Sabatini Flag of Italy.svg Italy12 February 2021 Dubai
T64 12.66+0.5 Marlene van Gansewinkel Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands24 May 2019 Nottwil [100]

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
US flag 44 stars.svg  Thomas Burke  (USA)Flag of the German Empire.svg  Fritz Hofmann  (GER)US flag 44 stars.svg  Francis Lane  (USA)
Flag of Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Alajos Szokolyi  (HUN)
1900 Paris
details
US flag 45 stars.svg  Frank Jarvis  (USA)US flag 45 stars.svg  Walter Tewksbury  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Stan Rowley  (AUS)
1904 St. Louis
details
US flag 45 stars.svg  Archie Hahn  (USA)US flag 45 stars.svg  Nathaniel Cartmell  (USA)US flag 45 stars.svg  William Hogenson  (USA)
1908 London
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Reggie Walker  (RSA)US flag 45 stars.svg  James Rector  (USA)Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Robert Kerr  (CAN)
1912 Stockholm
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Ralph Craig  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Alvah Meyer  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Donald Lippincott  (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Charley Paddock  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Morris Kirksey  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Harry Edward  (GBR)
1924 Paris
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Harold Abrahams  (GBR)US flag 48 stars.svg  Jackson Scholz  (USA)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt  (NZL)
1928 Amsterdam
details
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Percy Williams  (CAN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jack London  (GBR)Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Georg Lammers  (GER)
1932 Los Angeles
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Eddie Tolan  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Ralph Metcalfe  (USA)Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Arthur Jonath  (GER)
1936 Berlin
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Jesse Owens  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Ralph Metcalfe  (USA)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Tinus Osendarp  (NED)
1948 London
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Harrison Dillard  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Barney Ewell  (USA)Flag of Panama.svg  Lloyd La Beach  (PAN)
1952 Helsinki
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Lindy Remigino  (USA)Flag of Jamaica (1906-1957).svg  Herb McKenley  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  McDonald Bailey  (GBR)
1956 Melbourne
details
US flag 48 stars.svg  Bobby Morrow  (USA)US flag 48 stars.svg  Thane Baker  (USA)Flag of Australia.svg  Hector Hogan  (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  Armin Hary  (EUA)US flag 49 stars.svg  Dave Sime  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Peter Radford  (GBR)
1964 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Bob Hayes  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Enrique Figuerola  (CUB)Canadian Red Ensign (1957-1965).svg  Harry Jerome  (CAN)
1968 Mexico City
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jim Hines  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Lennox Miller  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Greene  (USA)
1972 Munich
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Valeriy Borzov  (URS)Flag of the United States.svg  Robert Taylor  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Lennox Miller  (JAM)
1976 Montreal
details
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Hasely Crawford  (TRI)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Don Quarrie  (JAM)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Valeriy Borzov  (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
Olympic flag.svg  Allan Wells  (GBR)Flag of Cuba.svg  Silvio Leonard  (CUB)Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Petar Petrov  (BUL)
1984 Los Angeles
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Sam Graddy  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Ben Johnson  (CAN)
1988 Seoul [102] [103]
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)
1992 Barcelona
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
2000 Sydney
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)Flag of Barbados.svg  Obadele Thompson  (BAR)
2004 Athens
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Portugal.svg  Francis Obikwelu  (POR)Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)
2008 Beijing
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Richard Thompson  (TRI)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Dix  (USA)
2012 London
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Yohan Blake  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
Betty Robinson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Fanny Rosenfeld
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Ethel Smith
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
1932 Los Angeles
details
Stanisława Walasiewicz
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Hilda Strike
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Wilhelmina von Bremen
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Helen Stephens
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Stanisława Walasiewicz
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Käthe Krauß
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Dorothy Manley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Shirley Strickland
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Daphne Hasenjager
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
Shirley Strickland de la Hunty
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Christa Stubnick
Flag of Germany.svg  United Team of Germany
Marlene Matthews
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
US flag 49 stars.svg  United States
Dorothy Hyman
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Giuseppina Leone
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1964 Tokyo
details
Wyomia Tyus
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Edith McGuire
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ewa Kłobukowska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1968 Mexico City
details
Wyomia Tyus
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Barbara Ferrell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Raelene Boyle
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Silvia Chivás
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
1976 Montreal
details
Annegret Richter
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Inge Helten
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lyudmila Kondratyeva
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Marlies Göhr
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Ingrid Auerswald
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Evelyn Ashford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Alice Brown
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Evelyn Ashford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Heike Drechsler
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gail Devers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Juliet Cuthbert
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Irina Privalova
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Gail Devers
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Gwen Torrence
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2000 Sydney
details
Vacant [104] Ekaterini Thanou
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Tayna Lawrence
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Yulia Nestsiarenka
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus
Lauryn Williams
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Veronica Campbell
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2008 Beijing
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Sherone Simpson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
none awarded
Kerron Stewart
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2012 London
details
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Veronica Campbell-Brown
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Tori Bowie
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica

World Championship medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Emmit King  (USA)
1987 Rome ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Raymond Stewart  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)
1991 Tokyo ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Leroy Burrell  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart ( details )Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Andre Cason  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dennis Mitchell  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg ( details )Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bruny Surin  (CAN)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
1997 Athens ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Donovan Bailey  (CAN)Flag of the United States.svg  Tim Montgomery  (USA)
1999 Seville ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Bruny Surin  (CAN)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dwain Chambers  (GBR)
2001 Edmonton ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Bernard Williams  (USA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)
2003 Saint-Denis ( details )Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Darrel Brown  (TRI)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Darren Campbell  (GBR)
2005 Helsinki ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Michael Frater  (JAM)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
2007 Osaka ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Derrick Atkins  (BAH)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Asafa Powell  (JAM)
2009 Berlin ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Asafa Powell  (JAM)
2011 Daegu ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Yohan Blake  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Dix  (USA)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
2013 Moscow ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Nesta Carter  (JAM)
2015 Beijing ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Trayvon Bromell  (USA)
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)
2017 London ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)
2019 Doha ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Coleman  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Marlies Oelsner-Göhr  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Marita Koch  (GDR)Flag of the United States.svg  Diane Williams  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Silke Gladisch-Möller  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Daute-Drechsler  (GDR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Katrin Krabbe  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Gail Devers  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Marion Jones  (USA)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Zhanna Pintusevich  (UKR)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Savatheda Fynes  (BAH)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Marion Jones  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Inger Miller  (USA)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Thanou  (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Zhanna Pintusevich-Block  (UKR)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Thanou  (GRE)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chandra Sturrup  (BAH)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Torri Edwards  (USA)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Chandra Sturrup  (BAH)Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Thanou  (GRE)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Lauryn Williams  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell  (JAM)Flag of France.svg  Christine Arron  (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Lauryn Williams  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kerron Stewart  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Kelly-Ann Baptiste  (TRI)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Murielle Ahouré  (CIV)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)Flag of the United States.svg  Tori Bowie  (USA)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tori Bowie  (USA)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Marie-Josée Ta Lou  (CIV)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dina Asher-Smith  (GBR)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Marie-Josée Ta Lou  (CIV)

See also

Notes

    1. 1 2 3 4 It is widely believed that the anemometer was faulty for the race in which Florence Griffith-Joyner set the official world record for the women's 100 m of 10.49 s. [1] A 1995 report commissioned by the IAAF estimated the true wind speed was between +5.0 m/s and +7.0 m/s, rather than the 0.0 recorded. [1] If this time, recorded in the quarter-final of the 1988 U.S. Olympic trials, were excluded, the world record would be 10.61 s, recorded the next day at the same venue by the same athlete in the final. [1] [2]

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    Tyson Gay is an American track and field sprinter who competes in the 100 and 200 meters dash. His 100 m personal best of 9.69 seconds is the American record and makes him tied for the second fastest athlete ever, along with Yohan Blake.

    100 metres hurdles

    The 100 metres hurdles, or 100-meter hurdles, is a track and field event run mainly by women. For the race, ten hurdles of a height of 83.8 centimetres (33.0 in) are placed along a straight course of 100 metres (109.36 yd). The first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13 metres from the starting line. The next 9 hurdles are set at a distance of 8.5 metres from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 10.5 metres long. The hurdles are set up so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner, but weighted so this is disadvantageous. Fallen hurdles do not count against runners provided that they do not run into them on purpose. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 100 m hurdles begins with athletes in starting blocks.

    Daniel Bailey

    Daniel Everton Bailey is a male sprinter from Antigua and Barbuda who specialises in the 100 metres. He carried the flag for his native country at the opening ceremony of the 2004 Summer Olympics, 2012 Summer Olympics, and the 2016 Summer Olympics and was a 100 m semi-finalist at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

    Usain Bolt Jamaican sprinter

    Usain St Leo Bolt, is a Jamaican retired sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is a world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.

    Churandy Martina Dutch sprinter from Curaçao (born 1984)

    Churandy Martina is a Dutch sprinter from Curaçao, currently representing the Netherlands. Previously, he represented the Netherlands Antilles until its dissolution in 2010. His personal best time over 100 metres is 9.91 seconds, a Dutch record, achieved in a 2012 London Olympic Games semi-final. In addition, he holds the 200 metres national record with a time of 19.81 seconds, achieved at the IAAF Diamond League meeting in Lausanne, Switzerland. He finished 2nd at 2008 Beijing 200 m Finals but was later disqualified due to lane violation.

    In track and field, wind assistance is the benefit that an athlete receives during a race or event as registered by a wind gauge. Wind is one of many forms of weather which can affect sport.

    Carmelita Jeter American sprinter

    Carmelita Jeter is a retired American sprinter, who specialized in the 100 meters. The fastest woman alive, she was the 2011 IAAF World Champion in the 100 m and a three-time Olympic medallist.

    Richard Thompson (sprinter) Trinidadian athlete

    Richard "Torpedo" Thompson is a sprinter from Trinidad and Tobago who specializes in the 100 metres. His personal best of 9.82 seconds, set in June 2014, was one of the top ten fastest of all time, and a national record. In the 200 meters he has the fourth fastest time by a Trinidad and Tobago athlete.

    Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Jamaican track and field sprinter

    Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce OD is a Jamaican track and field sprinter who competes in the 60 metres, 100 metres and 200 metres. Widely regarded as one of the greatest sprinters of all time, she achieved worldwide success during the late 2000s and 2010s, helping to elevate Jamaican athletics on the international scene. In the 100 m, her signature event, she is a two-time Olympic gold medallist and a four-time world champion, while in the 200 m, she has won an Olympic silver medal and World Championship gold.

    Mens 200 metres world record progression

    The following table shows the world record progression in the men's 200 metres, as ratified by the IAAF. The current record of 19.19 seconds was set by Usain Bolt at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics.

    The 10-second barrier is the physical and psychological barrier of completing the 100 metres sprint in under ten seconds. The achievement is traditionally regarded as the hallmark of a world-class sprinter. Its significance has become less important since the late 1990s, as an increasing number of runners have surpassed the ten seconds mark. Currently, Florence Griffith-Joyner holds the world record for women at 10.49 since 1988. The current men’s world record holder is Usain Bolt, who ran a 9.58 at the 2009 IAAF World Championship competition.

    Su Bingtian Chinese sprinter

    Su Bingtian is a Chinese sprinter. He was the first ever Asian-born sprinter to break the 10-second barrier of the 100 metres event in track and field. His personal best in the 100 metres makes him the current co-holder of the 100 m Asian record, which is shared with Nigerian-born Qatari Femi Ogunode. Su's personal best in the 60 metres of 6.42 seconds makes him the current holder of the 60 m Asian record and places him within the top five of all-time 60 metres performances.

    Trayvon Bromell American sprinter

    Trayvon Jaquez Bromell is an American professional track and field athlete specializing in sprinting events. He was the first junior to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 meters with a time of 9.97 seconds, the current junior world record. Bromell's personal best time in the 100 m of 9.84 s, ran a few weeks before he turned 20 years of age, is also the fastest that any teenager has ever run in the event. He is the 2016 world indoor 60 m champion and competed for the United States at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

    Noah Lyles American sprinter

    Noah Lyles is an American professional track and field athlete specializing in the sprints. He holds personal bests of 9.86 seconds for the 100 meters and 19.50 seconds for the 200 meters. Lyles holds the 300-meters indoor world best with a time of 31.87 seconds from the 2017 USA Indoor Championships.

    References

    1. Linthorne, Nicholas P. (June 1995). "The 100-m World Record by Florence Griffith-Joyner at the 1988 U.S. Olympic Trials" (PDF). Brunel University. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
    2. "Women's outdoor 100m". All-time top lists. IAAF. 17 September 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
    3. Bob Harris; Ramela Mills; Shanon Parker-Bennett (22 June 2004). BTEC First Sport. Heinemann. p. 35. ISBN