Triple jump

Last updated
Athletics
Triple jump
Willie Banks Jr. in Seoul 1988.jpg
Former world record holder Willie Banks during the 1988 Summer Olympics Seoul, South Korea.
World records
Men Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Jonathan Edwards 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) (1995)
Women Flag of Ukraine.svg Inessa Kravets 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) (1995)
Olympic records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Kenny Harrison 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) (1996)
Women Flag of Cameroon.svg Françoise Mbango 15.39 m (50 ft 5 34 in) (2008)
International University Sports Federation - Gwangju 2015 - Men's Triple Jump Final, Dmitrii SOROKIN (RUS 17.29) wins Gold.

The triple jump, sometimes referred to as the hop, step and jump or the hop, skip and jump, is a track and field event, similar to the long jump. As a group, the two events are referred to as the "horizontal jumps". The competitor runs down the track and performs a hop, a bound and then a jump into the sand pit. The triple jump was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympics event since the Games' inception in 1896. [1]

Contents

According to IAAF rules, "the hop shall be made so that an athlete lands first on the same foot as that from which he has taken off; in the step he shall land on the other foot, from which, subsequently, the jump is performed." [2]

The current male and female world record holders are Jonathan Edwards of Great Britain & N.I., with a jump of 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in), and Inessa Kravets of Ukraine, with a jump of 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in). Both records were set during 1995 World Championships in Gothenburg.

History

Historical sources on the ancient Olympic Games occasionally mention jumps of 15 meters or more. This led sports historians to conclude that these must have been a series of jumps, thus providing the basis for the triple jump. [3] However, there is no evidence for the triple jump being included in the ancient Olympic Games, and it is possible that the recorded extraordinary distances are due to artistic license of the authors of victory poems, rather than attempts to report accurate results. [4]

The triple jump was a part of the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens, although at the time it consisted of two hops on the same foot and then a jump. [5] In fact, the first modern Olympic champion, James Connolly, was a triple jumper. Early Olympics also included the standing triple jump, although this has since been removed from the Olympic program and is rarely performed in competition today. The women's triple jump was introduced into the Atlanta Olympics in 1996. [6]

In Irish mythology the geal-ruith (triple jump), was an event contested in the ancient Irish Tailteann Games as early as 1829 BC. [7]

Technique

Approach

The approach is one of the most important parts of an athlete's jump. The athlete sprints down a runway to a takeoff mark, from which the triple jump is measured. The takeoff mark is commonly a physical piece of wood or similar material embedded in the runway, or a rectangle painted on the runway surface. In modern championships a strip of plasticine, tape, or modeling clay is attached to the far edge of the board to record athletes overstepping or "scratching" the mark, defined by the trailing edge of the board. These boards are placed at different places on the run way depending on how far the athlete can jump. Typically the boards are set; (furthest from the pit to closest) 40 ft, 32 ft, and 24 ft. These are the most common boards you see at the high school and collegiate levels, but boards can be placed anywhere on the runway. There are three phases of the triple jump: the "hop" phase, the "bound" or "step" phase, and the "jump" phase. They all play an important role in the jump itself. These three phases are executed in one continuous sequence.The athlete has to maintain a good speed through each phase. They should also try to stay consistent to avoid fouls. [8]

Triple Jump,Idowu Phillips, Beijing 08.jpg
Phases of Phillips Idowu jumping at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Hop

The hop begins with the athlete jumping from the take-off board on one leg, which for descriptive purposes, will be the right leg. Precise placement of the foot on the take-off is important in order for the athlete to avoid a foul. The objective of the first phase is to hop out, with athletes focusing all momentum forward. The hop landing phase is very active, involving a powerful backward "pawing" action of the right leg, with the right take-off foot landing heel first on the runway.

Step

The hop landing also marks the beginning of the step phase, where the athlete utilizes the backward momentum of the right leg to immediately execute a powerful jump forwards and upwards, the left leg assisting the take-off with a hip flexion thrust. Similar to a bounding motion. This leads to the step-phase mid-air position, with the right take off leg trailing flexed at the knee, and the left leg now leading flexed at the hip and knee. The jumper then holds this position for as long as possible, before extending the knee of the leading left leg and then immediately beginning a powerful backward motion of the whole left leg, again landing on the runway with a powerful backward pawing action. The takeoff leg should be fully extended with the drive leg thigh just below parallel to the ground. The takeoff leg stays extended behind the body with the heel held high. The drive leg extends with a flexed ankle and snaps downward for a quick transition into the jump phase. The athlete tries to take the farthest step they can while maintaining balance and control, using techniques such as pulling their leg up as high as possible.

Jump

The step landing forms the take-off of the final phase (the jump), where the athlete utilizes the backward force from the left leg to take off again. The jump phase is very similar to the long jump although most athletes have lost too much speed by this time to manage a full hitch kick, and mostly used is a hang or sail technique. This is the athletes last chance to make it into the sand pit. This phase is similar to a typical long jump.

When landing in the sand-filled pit, the jumper should aim to avoid sitting back on landing, or placing either hand behind the feet. The sand pit usually begins 13m from the take off board for male international competition, or 11m from the board for international female and club-level male competition. Each phase of the triple jump should get progressively higher, and there should be a regular rhythm to the three landings.

Foul

A "foul", also known as a "scratch," or missed jump, occurs when a jumper oversteps the takeoff mark, misses the pit entirely, does not use the correct foot sequence throughout the phases, or does not perform the attempt in the allotted amount of time (usually about 90 seconds). When a jumper "scratches," the seated official will raise a red flag and the jumper who was "on deck," or up next, prepares to jump.

It shall not be considered a foul if an athlete, while jumping, should touch or scrape the ground with his/her "sleeping leg". Also called a "scrape foul", "sleeping leg" touch violations were ruled as fouls prior to the mid-1980s. The IAAF changed the rules following outrage at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, when Russian field officials in the Men's Triple Jump ruled as foul 8 of the 12 jumps made by two leading competitors (from Brazil and Australia) thus helping two Russian jumpers win the Gold and Silver medals.

Records

Outdoor

AreaMen'sWomen's
Mark (m)AthleteMark (m)Athlete
World 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)
Continental records
Africa 17.66 m (57 ft 11 14 in)Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Hugues Fabrice Zango  (BUR)15.39 m (50 ft 5 34 in)Flag of Cameroon.svg  Françoise Mbango Etone  (CMR)
Asia 17.59 m (57 ft 8 12 in)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Yanxi Li  (CHN)15.25 m (50 ft 14 in)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)
Europe 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)
North, Central America
and Caribbean
18.21 m (59 ft 8 34 in)Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)15.29 m (50 ft 1 34 in)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yamilé Aldama  (CUB)
Oceania 17.46 m (57 ft 3 14 in)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Ken Lorraway  (AUS)14.04 m (46 ft 34 in)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Nicole Mladenis  (AUS)
South America 17.90 m (58 ft 8 12 in)Flag of Brazil.svg  Jadel Gregório  (BRA)15.41 m (50 ft 6 12 in)Flag of Venezuela.svg  Yulimar Rojas  (VEN)

Note: Results cannot count towards records if they are Wind assisted (>2.0 m/s).

All-time top 25 triple jumpers

Key

  set prior to IAAF acceptance of indoor events as equivalent with outdoor events (in 2000)

Men (Absolute)

RankMarkWind (m/s)AthleteDateLocationRef
118.29 m (60 ft 0 in)1.3Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)7 August 1995 Gothenburg
218.21 m (59 ft 8 34 in)0.2Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)27 August 2015 Beijing [13]
318.14 m (59 ft 6 in)0.4Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)29 June 2019 Long Beach [14]
418.09 m (59 ft 4 in)−0.4Flag of the United States.svg  Kenny Harrison  (USA)27 July 1996 Atlanta
518.08 m (59 ft 3 34 in)0.0Flag of Cuba.svg  Pedro Pablo Pichardo  (CUB)28 May 2015 Havana [15]
618.04 m (59 ft 2 in)0.3Flag of France.svg  Teddy Tamgho  (FRA)18 August 2013 Moscow
717.97 m (58 ft 11 14 in)1.5Flag of the United States.svg  Willie Banks  (USA)16 June 1985 Indianapolis
817.92 m (58 ft 9 12 in)1.6Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Khristo Markov  (BUL)31 August 1987 Rome
1.9Flag of Jamaica.svg  James Beckford  (JAM)20 May 1995 Odessa
1017.90 m (58 ft 8 12 in)0.4Flag of Brazil.svg  Jadel Gregório  (BRA)20 May 2007 Belém
1.0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Vladimir Inozemtsev  (URS)20 June 1990 Bratislava
1217.89 m (58 ft 8 14 in) A 0.0Flag of Brazil.svg  João Carlos de Oliveira  (BRA)15 October 1975 Mexico City
1317.87 m (58 ft 7 12 in)1.7Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)27 June 1987 San Jose
1417.86 m (58 ft 7 in)1.3Flag of the United States.svg  Charles Simpkins  (USA)2 September 1985 Kobe
1517.85 m (58 ft 6 34 in)0.0Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoelbi Quesada  (CUB)8 August 1997 Athens
1617.83 m (58 ft 5 34 in)
indoorFlag of Cuba.svg  Aliecer Urrutia  (CUB)1 March 1997 Sindelfingen
indoorFlag of Sweden.svg  Christian Olsson  (SWE)7 March 2004 Budapest
1817.81 m (58 ft 5 in)1.0Flag of Romania.svg  Marian Oprea  (ROU)5 July 2005 Lausanne
0.1Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Phillips Idowu  (GBR)29 July 2009 Barcelona
2017.78 m (58 ft 4 in)1.0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Nikolay Musiyenko  (URS)7 June 1986 Leningrad
0.6Flag of Cuba.svg  Lazaro Betancourt  (CUB)15 June 1986 Havana
0.8Flag of the United States.svg  Melvin Lister  (USA)17 July 2004 Havana
2317.77 m (58 ft 3 12 in)1.0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Aleksandr Kovalenko  (URS)18 July 1987 Bryansk
indoorFlag of Russia.svg  Leonid Voloshin  (RUS)6 February 1994 Grenoble
indoorFlag of Burkina Faso.svg  Hugues Fabrice Zango  (BUR)2 February 2020 Paris [16]

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal jumps equal or superior to 17.77 m:

  • Jonathan Edwards also jumped 18.16 (1995), 18.01 (1998), 18.00 (1995), 17.99 (1998), 17.98 (1995), 17.92 (2001), 17.88 (1996), 17.86 (2002) and 17.82 (1996).
  • Pedro Pablo Pichardo also jumped 18.06 (2015), 17.99 (2015), 17.96 (2015), 17.95 (2018), 17.94 (2015), 17.93 (2015), 17.85 (2015) and 17.79 (2015).
  • Christian Taylor also jumped 18.11 (2017), 18.06 (2015), 18.04 (2015), 18.02 (2015), 17.96 (2011), 17.92 (2019), 17.86 (2016 & 2019), 17.82 (2 × 2019), 17.81 (2012 & 2018), 17.80 (2016), 17.78 (2016), 17.77 (2016) and 17.77 (2016).
  • Teddy Tamgho also jumped 17.98 (2010), 17.92i (2 × 2011), 17.91 (2011), 17.90i (2010) and 17.84 (2010).
  • Will Claye also jumped 18.06 (2019), 17.91 (2017), 17.82 (2017) and 17.79 (2017).
  • Christian Olsson also jumped 17.80 (2002).

Below is a list of wind-assisted marks:

  • Jonathan Edwards jumped 18.43 (+2.4), 18.39 (+3.9) and 17.90 (+2.5) in Villeneuve d'Ascq on 25 June 1995.
  • Willie Banks jumped 18.20 (+5.2) in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988.
  • Mike Conley jumped 18.17 (+2.1) in Barcelona on 3 August 1992.
  • Will Claye jumped 18.05 (+2.4) in Eugene on 27 May 2017.
  • Yoelbi Quesada jumped 17.97 (+7.5) in Madrid on 20 June 1995.
  • Charles Simpkins jumped 17.93 (+5.2) in Indianapolis on 16 July 1988.
  • Christian Olsson jumped 17.92 (+3.4) in Gateshead on 13 June 2003.
  • Denis Kapustin jumped 17.86 (+5.7) in Sevilla on 5 June 1994.
  • Christian Taylor jumped 17.93 (+3.4) in Székesfehérvár on 9 July 2019.
  • Nelson Évora jumped 17.82 (+2.5) in Seixal on 26 June 2009.
  • Keith Connor jumped 17.81 (+4.6) in Brisbane on 9 October 1982.

Women (Absolute)

RankMarkWind (m/s)AthleteDateLocationRef
115.50 m (50 ft 10 in)0.9Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)10 August 1995 Gothenburg
215.43 m (50 ft 7 14 in)indoorFlag of Venezuela.svg  Yulimar Rojas  (VEN)21 February 2020 Madrid [19]
315.39 m (50 ft 5 34 in)0.5Flag of Cameroon.svg  Françoise Mbango Etone  (CMR)17 August 2008 Beijing
415.36 m (50 ft 4 12 in)indoorFlag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)6 March 2004 Budapest
515.32 m (50 ft 3 in)0.9Flag of Greece.svg  Hrysopiyi Devetzi  (GRE)21 August 2004 Athens
615.31 m (50 ft 2 34 in)0.0Flag of Colombia.svg  Catherine Ibargüen  (COL)18 July 2014 Monaco
715.29 m (50 ft 1 34 in)0.3Flag of Cuba.svg  Yamilé Aldama  (CUB)11 July 2003 Rome
815.28 m (50 ft 1 12 in)0.9Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)31 August 2007 Osaka
915.25 m (50 ft 14 in)1.7Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)4 September 2010 Split
1015.20 m (49 ft 10 14 in)0.0Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Šárka Kašpárková  (CZE)4 August 1997 Athens
−0.3Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Tereza Marinova  (BUL)24 September 2000 Sydney
1215.18 m (49 ft 9 12 in)0.3Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Iva Prandzheva  (BUL)10 August 1995 Gothenburg
1315.16 m (49 ft 8 34 in)0.1Flag of Romania.svg  Rodica Mateescu  (ROU)4 August 1997 Athens
0.7Flag of Jamaica.svg  Trecia Smith  (JAM)2 August 2004 Linz
indoorFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ashia Hansen  (GBR)28 February 1998 Valencia
1615.14 m (49 ft 8 in)1.9Flag of Russia.svg  Nadezhda Alekhina  (RUS)26 July 2009 Cheboksary
1715.09 m (49 ft 6 in)0.5Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Biryukova  (RUS)29 August 1993 Stuttgart
−0.5Flag of Russia.svg  Inna Lasovskaya  (RUS)31 May 1997 Valencia
1915.08 m (49 ft 5 12 in)indoorFlag of Slovenia.svg  Marija Šestak  (SLO)13 February 2008 Peania
2015.07 m (49 ft 5 14 in)−0.6Flag of Greece.svg  Paraskevi Tsiamita  (GRE)22 August 1999 Sevilla
2115.04 m (49 ft 4 in)1.7Flag of Russia.svg  Ekaterina Koneva  (RUS)30 May 2015 Eugene
2215.03 m (49 ft 3 12 in)1.9Flag of Italy.svg  Magdelin Martinez  (ITA)26 June 2004 Rome
indoorFlag of Russia.svg  Iolanda Chen  (RUS)11 March 1995 Barcelona
2415.02 m (49 ft 3 14 in)0.9Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Pyatykh  (RUS)9 August 2006 Gothenburg
2515.00 m (49 ft 2 12 in)1.2Flag of Senegal.svg  Kene Ndoye  (SEN)4 July 2004 Iraklio

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal jumps equal or superior to 15.03 m:

  • Yulimar Rojas also jumped 15.41 (2019), 15.37 (2019), 15.29i (2020), 15.18 (2019), 15.11 (2019), 15.06 (2019), 15.05 (2019) and 15.03i (2020).
  • Tatyana Lebedeva also jumped 15.34 (2004), 15.33 (2004), 15.32 (2000), 15.25 (2001), 15.23 (2004 & 2006), 15.19 (2006), 15.18 (2003), 15.15 (2006), 15.14 (2003, 2004 & 2007) and 15.13 (2003 & 2006).
  • Inessa Kravets also jumped 15.33 (1996).
  • Françoise Mbango Etone also jumped 15.30 (2004) and 15.05 (2003).
  • Yamilé Aldama also jumped 15.28 (2004), 15.27 (2003), 15.21 (2004), 15.11 (2003) and 15.08 (2003).
  • Hrysopiyí Devetzí also jumped 15.25 (2004), 15.05 (2006), 15.04 (2006) and had results 2007+ DQ for doping.
  • Catherine Ibargüen also jumped 15.17 (2016) and 15.04 (2016).

Below is a list of wind-assisted marks:

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
James Connolly
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Alexandre Tuffère
Flag of France.svg  France
Ioannis Persakis
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg  Greece
1900 Paris
details
Myer Prinstein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
James Connolly
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Lewis Sheldon
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1904 St. Louis
details
Myer Prinstein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Fred Englehardt
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Robert Stangland
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Tim Ahearne
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Garfield MacDonald
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Edvard Larsen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
1912 Stockholm
details
Gustaf Lindblom
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Georg Åberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Erik Almlöf
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1920 Antwerp
details
Vilho Tuulos
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
Folke Jansson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Erik Almlöf
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
Nick Winter
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Luis Brunetto
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Vilho Tuulos
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1928 Amsterdam
details
Mikio Oda
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Levi Casey
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Vilho Tuulos
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1932 Los Angeles
details
Chūhei Nambu
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Erik Svensson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Kenkichi Oshima
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
1936 Berlin
details
Naoto Tajima
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Masao Harada
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
Jack Metcalfe
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1948 London
details
Arne Åhman
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
George Avery
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Ruhi Sarialp
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
1952 Helsinki
details
Adhemar da Silva
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil
Leonid Shcherbakov
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Asnoldo Devonish
Flag of Venezuela (1930-1954).svg  Venezuela
1956 Melbourne
details
Adhemar da Silva
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil
Vilhjálmur Einarsson
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland
Vitold Kreyer
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Józef Szmidt
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Vladimir Goryaev
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Vitold Kreyer
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Józef Szmidt
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Oleg Fyodoseyev
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Viktor Kravchenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Viktor Saneyev
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Nelson Prudencio
Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg  Brazil
Giuseppe Gentile
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1972 Munich
details
Viktor Saneyev
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Jörg Drehmel
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Nelson Prudencio
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
1976 Montreal
details
Viktor Saneyev
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
James Butts
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
João Carlos de Oliveira
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
1980 Moscow
details
Jaak Uudmäe
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Viktor Saneyev
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
João Carlos de Oliveira
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
1984 Los Angeles
details
Al Joyner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Mike Conley Sr.
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Keith Connor
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Khristo Markov
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Igor Lapshin
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Aleksandr Kovalenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Mike Conley Sr.
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Charles Simpkins
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Frank Rutherford
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
1996 Atlanta
details
Kenny Harrison
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jonathan Edwards
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Yoelbi Quesada
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2000 Sydney
details
Jonathan Edwards
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Yoel García
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Denis Kapustin
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2004 Athens
details
Christian Olsson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Marian Oprea
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania
Danil Burkenya
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Nelson Évora
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Phillips Idowu
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Leevan Sands
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
2012 London
details
Christian Taylor
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Will Claye
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Fabrizio Donato
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Christian Taylor
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Will Claye
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dong Bin
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1996 Atlanta
details
Inessa Kravets
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Inna Lasovskaya
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Šárka Kašpárková
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
2000 Sydney
details
Tereza Marinova
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Tatyana Lebedeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Olena Hovorova
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2004 Athens
details
Françoise Mbango Etone
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
Hrysopiyí Devetzí
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Tatyana Lebedeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Françoise Mbango Etone
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon
Olga Rypakova
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Yargelis Savigne
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2012 London
details
Olga Rypakova
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Caterine Ibargüen
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Olha Saladukha
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Caterine Ibargüen
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
Yulimar Rojas
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela
Olga Rypakova
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of Poland.svg  Zdzisław Hoffmann  (POL)Flag of the United States.svg  Willie Banks  (USA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Ajayi Agbebaku  (NGR)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Khristo Markov  (BUL)Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Oleg Sakirkin  (URS)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kenny Harrison  (USA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Leonid Voloshin  (URS)Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Leonid Voloshin  (RUS)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)Flag of Bermuda.svg  Brian Wellman  (BER)Flag of Dominica.svg  Jérôme Romain  (DMA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoelbi Quesada  (CUB)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)Flag of Cuba.svg  Aliecer Urrutia  (CUB)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Charles Friedek  (GER)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Rostislav Dimitrov  (BUL)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)Flag of Sweden.svg  Christian Olsson  (SWE)Flag of Russia.svg  Igor Spasovkhodskiy  (RUS)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Christian Olsson  (SWE)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoandri Betanzos  (CUB)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Leevan Sands  (BAH)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Davis  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoandri Betanzos  (CUB)Flag of Romania.svg  Marian Oprea  (ROU)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Portugal.svg  Nelson Évora  (POR)Flag of Brazil.svg  Jadel Gregório  (BRA)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Davis  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Phillips Idowu  (GBR)Flag of Portugal.svg  Nelson Évora  (POR)Flag of Cuba.svg  Alexis Copello  (CUB)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Phillips Idowu  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of France.svg  Teddy Tamgho  (FRA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Pedro Pablo Pichardo  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Pedro Pablo Pichardo  (CUB)Flag of Portugal.svg  Nelson Évora  (POR)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)Flag of Portugal.svg  Nelson Évora  (POR)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Hugues Fabrice Zango  (BUR)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Anna Biryukova  (RUS)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Yolanda Chen  (RUS)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Iva Prandzheva  (BUL)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Iva Prandzheva  (BUL)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Biryukova  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Šárka Kašpárková  (CZE)Flag of Romania.svg  Rodica Mateescu  (ROU)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Olena Hovorova  (UKR)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Paraskevi Tsiamita  (GRE)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yamilé Aldama  (CUB)Flag of Greece.svg  Olga Vasdeki  (GRE)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Cameroon.svg  Françoise Mbango Etone  (CMR)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Tereza Marinova  (BUL)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Cameroon.svg  Françoise Mbango Etone  (CMR)Flag of Italy.svg  Magdelín Martínez  (ITA)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Trecia Smith  (JAM)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Pyatykh  (RUS)
2007 Osaka [B]
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Pyatykh  (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Mabel Gay  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Pyatykh  (RUS)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Olha Saladukha  (UKR)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)Flag of Colombia.svg  Caterine Ibargüen  (COL)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Colombia.svg  Caterine Ibargüen  (COL)Flag of Russia.svg  Ekaterina Koneva  (RUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Olha Saladukha  (UKR)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Colombia.svg  Caterine Ibargüen  (COL)Flag of Israel.svg  Hanna Knyazyeva-Minenko  (ISR)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)
2017 London
details
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Yulimar Rojas  (VEN)Flag of Colombia.svg  Caterine Ibargüen  (COL)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Yulimar Rojas  (VEN)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shanieka Ricketts  (JAM)Flag of Colombia.svg  Caterine Ibargüen  (COL)

Note

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A]
details
Flag of Bulgaria (1971 - 1990).svg  Khristo Markov  (BUL)Flag of Cuba.svg  Lázaro Betancourt  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Lázaro Balcindes  (CUB)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Oleg Prozenko  (URS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Frank Rutherford  (BAH)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Jorge Reyna  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Juan Miguel López  (CUB)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Igor Lapshin  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Leonid Voloshin  (URS)Flag of Sweden.svg  Tord Henriksson  (SWE)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of France.svg  Pierre Camara  (FRA)Flag of Latvia.svg  Māris Bružiks  (LAT)Flag of Bermuda.svg  Brian Wellman  (BER)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Brian Wellman  (BER)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoelbi Quesada  (CUB)Flag of France.svg  Serge Hélan  (FRA)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoel García  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Aliecer Urrutia  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksandr Aseledchenko  (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Charles Friedek  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  LaMark Carter  (USA)Flag of Hungary.svg  Zsolt Czingler  (HUN)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Paolo Camossi  (ITA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Jonathan Edwards  (GBR)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Andrew Murphy  (AUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Christian Olsson  (SWE)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Davis  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoelbi Quesada  (CUB)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Sweden.svg  Christian Olsson  (SWE)Flag of Brazil.svg  Jadel Gregório  (BRA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoandri Betanzos  (CUB)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Davis  (USA)Flag of Brazil.svg  Jadel Gregório  (BRA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoandri Betanzos  (CUB)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Phillips Idowu  (GBR)Flag of Cuba.svg  Arnie David Giralt  (CUB)Flag of Portugal.svg  Nelson Évora  (POR)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of France.svg  Teddy Tamgho  (FRA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yoandri Betanzos  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Arnie David Giralt  (CUB)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Christian Taylor  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Lyukman Adams  (RUS)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Lyukman Adams  (RUS)Flag of Cuba.svg  Ernesto Revé  (CUB)Flag of Cuba.svg  Pedro Pablo Pichardo  (CUB)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Dong Bin  (CHN)Flag of Germany.svg  Max Heß  (GER)Flag of France.svg  Benjamin Compaoré  (FRA)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Will Claye  (USA)Flag of Brazil.svg  Almir dos Santos  (BRA)Flag of Portugal.svg  Nelson Évora  (POR)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Yolanda Chen  (RUS)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Inna Lasovskaya  (RUS)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Yolanda Chen  (RUS)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Iva Prandzheva  (BUL)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Ren Ruiping  (CHN)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Inna Lasovskaya  (RUS)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ashia Hansen  (GBR)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Šárka Kašpárková  (CZE)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ashia Hansen  (GBR)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Iva Prandzheva  (BUL)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Šárka Kašpárková  (CZE)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Tereza Marinova  (BUL)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Tiombe Hurd  (USA)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ashia Hansen  (GBR)Flag of Cameroon.svg  Françoise Mbango Etone  (CMR)Flag of Senegal.svg  Kéné Ndoye  (SEN)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Sudan.svg  Yamilé Aldama  (SUD)Flag of Greece.svg  Hrysopiyi Devetzi  (GRE)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Pyatykh  (RUS)Flag of Sudan.svg  Yamilé Aldama  (SUD)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)Flag of Greece.svg  Hrysopiyi Devetzi  (GRE)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Marija Šestak  (SLO)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Anna Pyatykh  (RUS)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Yamilé Aldama  (GBR)Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Olga Rypakova  (KAZ)Flag of Cuba.svg  Mabel Gay  (CUB)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Ekaterina Koneva  (RUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Olha Saladukha  (UKR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kimberly Williams  (JAM)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Yulimar Rojas  (VEN)Flag of Germany.svg  Kristin Gierisch  (GER)Flag of Greece.svg  Paraskevi Papachristou  (GRE)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Yulimar Rojas  (VEN)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Kimberly Williams  (JAM)Flag of Spain.svg  Ana Peleteiro  (ESP)

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The long jump is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed, strength and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point. Along with the triple jump, the two events that measure jumping for distance as a group are referred to as the "horizontal jumps". This event has a history in the Ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympic event for men since the first Olympics in 1896 and for women since 1948.

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Ian Bernard Campbell is a retired long and triple jumper from Australia, who represented his native country at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, USSR. There he ended up in fifth place in the men's triple jump event, with a leap of 16.72 metres. In the final, Campbell, missed a certain gold medal after his fourth jump was fouled; this decision has been disputed since. He was accused of dragging his trail leg during the second, or "step" portion of the event. He had several jumps over 17.37 metres and at least one estimated to be just under 17.60 metres, but after each of those jumps, and sometimes with a few seconds' hesitation, a judge's red flag indicated a foul. He won the silver medal at the 1978 Commonwealth Games with 16.93 and was third in 1979 IAAF World Cup with 16.76. His personal best result was 17.09.

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Christian Taylor is an American track and field athlete who competes in the triple jump and has a personal record of 18.21 m, which ranks 2nd on the all-time list. He is the reigning Olympic champion and current World Champion.

Will Claye American track and field athlete

Will Claye is an American track and field athlete of Sierra Leonean descent who competes in the long jump and triple jump. He won a bronze medal in 2011 World Championships in Athletics and the gold medals at the 2012 IAAF World Indoor Championships and 2018 IAAF World Indoor Championships. In his Olympic debut at the 2012 Summer Olympics, Claye won a bronze medal in long jump and a silver medal in triple jump. He repeated his silver medal in the triple jump four years later. His personal best of 18.14 m, set at the Jim Bush Southern California USATF Championships in Long Beach on June 29, 2019 ranks him as the No. 3 triple jumper of all time.

Omar Craddock American track and field athlete

Omar Craddock is an American track and field athlete who competes in the triple jump. With the University of Florida he won one indoor and two outdoor NCAA titles in the event. He competed alongside Christian Taylor and Will Claye in a succession of elite level triple jumpers to come from the Florida Gators track and field team.

Athletics at the 2016 Summer Olympics – Mens triple jump

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The Women's triple jump competition at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium on 13–14 August.

Michael Hartfield American athletics competitor

Michael "Mike" Hartfield is an American track and field athlete who specializes in the long jump. He holds a personal best of 8.34 m for the event, set in 2016. He competed in the 2016 Olympics for Team USA in the long jump.

Almir Cunha dos Santos is a Brazilian male track and field athlete who competes in the triple jump and long jump. He was a silver medallist in the triple jump at the IAAF World Indoor Championships in 2018.

References

  1. "The Story of Triple Jump" . Retrieved 2019-05-22.
  2. "IAAF Competition Rules 2012-2013" . Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  3. Rosenbaum, Mike (2012). An Illustrated History of the Triple Jump. Retrieved from http://trackandfield.about.com/od/triplejump/ss/illustriplejump.htm.
  4. Koski, Rissanen & Tahvanainen (2004). Antiikin urheilu. Olympian kentiltä Rooman areenoille. [The Sports of Antiquity. From the Fields of Olympia to Roman Arenas.] Jyväskylä: Atena Kustannus Oy. ISBN   951-796-341-6
  5. "Triple jump | athletics" . Retrieved 2018-03-01.Unknown parameter |encyclopedia= ignored (help)
  6. "Athletics at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games: Women's Triple Jump". Sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 2020-04-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18.
  7. Adams, Patricia (2006-03-01). History of the Highland Games and Women in Scottish Athletics. ...contained in the Irish "Book of Leinster", which was written in the twelfth century AD...this book describes the Tailteann Games held at Telltown, County Meath from 1829 BC until at least 554 BC...included in these events...were the geal-ruith (triple jump). Clan MacTavish Genealogy and History, 1 March 2006. Retrieved from http://www.dunardry.net/ladies_lounge.html Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine .
  8. Eissa, Abeer (2014-03-27). "Biomechanical evaluation of the phases of the triple jump take-off in a top female athlete". Journal of Human Kinetics. 40: 29–35. doi:10.2478/hukin-2014-0004. ISSN   1640-5544. PMC   4096103 . PMID   25031670.
  9. Men's Outdoor Triple Jump Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  10. Women's Outdoor Triple Jump Records. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  11. Triple Jump - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  12. Triple Jump - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  13. "Triple Jump Results" (PDF). IAAF. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  14. John Mulkeen (30 June 2019). "Claye moves to third on world all-time triple jump list with 18.14m". IAAF. Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  15. Javier Clavelo Robinson; Phil Minshull (29 May 2015). "Pichardo triple jumps 18.08m in Havana". IAAF. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  16. "Indoor round-up: Zango leaps African triple jump record of 17.77m". World Athletics. 2 February 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2020.
  17. Triple Jump - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  18. Triple Jump - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  19. Jon Mulkeen (21 February 2020). "Rojas breaks world indoor triple jump record in Madrid with 15.43m". World Athletics. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  20. "IOC sanctions 16 athletes for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008". IOC . Retrieved 17 November 2016.