| Athletics |
|Men||Jonathan Edwards 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) (1995)|
|Women||Inessa Kravets 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) (1995)|
|Men||Kenny Harrison 18.09 m (59 ft 4 in) (1996)|
|Women||Françoise Mbango 15.39 m (50 ft 5+3⁄4 in) (2008)|
|World Championship records|
|Men||Jonathan Edwards 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in) (1995)|
|Women||Inessa Kravets 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in) (1995)|
The triple jump, sometimes referred to as the hop, step and jump or the hop, skip and jump, is a track and field event, similar to the long jump. As a group, the two events are referred to as the "horizontal jumps". The competitor runs down the track and performs a hop, a bound and then a jump into the sand pit. The triple jump was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympics event since the Games' inception in 1896.
According to IAAF rules, "the hop shall be made so that an athlete lands first on the same foot as that from which he has taken off; in the step he shall land on the other foot, from which, subsequently, the jump is performed."
The current male and female world record holders are Jonathan Edwards of the United Kingdom, with a jump of 18.29 m (60 ft 0 in), and Inessa Kravets of Ukraine, with a jump of 15.50 m (50 ft 10 in). Both records were set during the 1995 World Championships in Gothenburg.
Historical sources on the ancient Olympic Games occasionally mention jumps of 15 meters or more. This led sports historians to conclude that these must have been a series of jumps, thus providing the basis for the triple jump.However, there is no evidence for the triple jump being included in the ancient Olympic Games, and it is possible that the recorded extraordinary distances are due to artistic license of the authors of victory poems, rather than attempts to report accurate results.
The triple jump was a part of the inaugural modern Olympics in 1896 in Athens, although at the time it consisted of two hops on the same foot and then a jump.In fact, the first modern Olympic champion, James Connolly, was a triple jumper. Early Olympics also included the standing triple jump, although this has since been removed from the Olympic program and is rarely performed in competition today. The women's triple jump was introduced into the Atlanta Olympics in 1996.
In Irish mythology the geal-ruith (triple jump), was an event contested in the ancient Irish Tailteann Games as early as 1829 BC.
The approach is one of the most important parts of an athlete's jump. The athlete sprints down a runway to a takeoff mark, from which the triple jump is measured. The takeoff mark is commonly either a piece of wood or similar material embedded in the runway, or a rectangle painted on the runway surface. In modern championships a strip of plasticine, tape, or modeling clay is attached to the far edge of the board to record athletes overstepping or "scratching" the mark, defined by the trailing edge of the board. These boards are placed at different places on the runway depending on how far the athlete can jump. Typically the boards are set; (furthest from the pit to closest) 40 ft, 32 ft, and 24 ft. These are the most common boards seen at the high school and collegiate levels, but boards can be placed anywhere on the runway. There are three phases of the triple jump: the "hop" phase, the "bound" or "step" phase, and the "jump" phase. They all play an important role in the jump itself. These three phases are executed in one continuous sequence. The athlete has to maintain a good speed through each phase. They should also try to stay consistent to avoid fouls.
The hop begins with the athlete jumping from the take-off board on one leg, which for descriptive purposes, will be the right leg. Precise placement of the foot on the take-off is important in order for the athlete to avoid a foul. The objective of the first phase is to hop out, with athletes focusing all momentum forward. The hop landing phase is very active, involving a powerful backward "pawing" action of the right leg, with the right take-off foot landing heel first on the runway.
The hop landing also marks the beginning of the step phase, where the athlete utilizes the backward momentum of the right leg to immediately execute a powerful jump forwards and upwards, the left leg assisting the take-off with a hip flexion thrust similar to a bounding motion. This leads to the step-phase mid-air position, with the right take off leg trailing flexed at the knee, and the left leg now leading flexed at the hip and knee. The jumper then holds this position for as long as possible, before extending the knee of the leading left leg and then immediately beginning a powerful backward motion of the whole left leg, again landing on the runway with a powerful backward pawing action. The takeoff leg should be fully extended with the drive leg thigh just below parallel to the ground. The takeoff leg stays extended behind the body with the heel held high. The drive leg extends with a flexed ankle and snaps downward for a quick transition into the jump phase. The athlete tries to take the farthest step they can while maintaining balance and control, using techniques such as pulling their leg up as high as possible.
The step landing forms the take-off of the final phase (the jump), where the athlete utilizes the backward force from the left leg to take off again. The jump phase is very similar to the long jump although most athletes have lost too much speed by this time to manage a full hitch kick, and mostly used is a hang or sail technique.
When landing in the sand-filled pit, the jumper should aim to avoid sitting back on landing, or placing either hand behind the feet. The sand pit usually begins 13m from the take off board for male international competition, or 11m from the board for international female and club-level male competition. Each phase of the triple jump should get progressively higher, and there should be a regular rhythm to the three landings.
A "foul", also known as a "scratch," or missed jump, occurs when a jumper oversteps the takeoff mark, misses the pit entirely, does not use the correct foot sequence throughout the phases, or does not perform the attempt in the allotted amount of time (usually about 90 seconds). When a jumper "scratches," the seated official will raise a red flag and the jumper who was "on deck," or up next, prepares to jump.
It shall not be considered a foul if an athlete, while jumping, should touch or scrape the ground with his/her "sleeping leg". Also called a "scrape foul", "sleeping leg" touch violations were ruled as fouls prior to the mid-1980s. The IAAF changed the rules following outrage at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, when Soviet field officials in the Men's Triple Jump ruled as foul eight of the 12 jumps made by two leading competitors (from Brazil and Australia) thus helping two Soviet jumpers win the Gold and Silver medals.
|Mark (m)||Athlete||Mark (m)||Athlete|
|World||18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)||Inessa Kravets (UKR)|
|Africa||18.07 m (59 ft 3+1⁄4 in) i||Hugues Fabrice Zango (BUR)||15.39 m (50 ft 5+3⁄4 in)||Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)|
|Asia||17.59 m (57 ft 8+1⁄2 in)||Yanxi Li (CHN)||15.25 m (50 ft 1⁄4 in)||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)|
|Europe||18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)||Inessa Kravets (UKR)|
| North, Central America|
|18.21 m (59 ft 8+3⁄4 in)||Christian Taylor (USA)||15.29 m (50 ft 1+3⁄4 in)||Yamilé Aldama (CUB)|
|Oceania||17.46 m (57 ft 3+1⁄4 in)||Ken Lorraway (AUS)||14.04 m (46 ft 3⁄4 in)||Nicole Mladenis (AUS)|
|South America||17.90 m (58 ft 8+1⁄2 in)||Jadel Gregório (BRA)||15.43 m (50 ft 7+1⁄4 in) i||Yulimar Rojas (VEN)|
Note: Results cannot count towards records if they are wind assisted (>2.0 m/s).
set prior to IAAF acceptance of indoor events as equivalent with outdoor events (in 2000)
|1||18.29 m (60 ft 0 in)||1.3||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||7 August 1995||Gothenburg|
|2||18.21 m (59 ft 8+3⁄4 in)||0.2||Christian Taylor (USA)||27 August 2015||Beijing|
|3||18.14 m (59 ft 6 in)||0.4||Will Claye (USA)||29 June 2019||Long Beach|
|4||18.09 m (59 ft 4 in)||−0.4||Kenny Harrison (USA)||27 July 1996||Atlanta|
|5||18.08 m (59 ft 3+3⁄4 in)||0.0||Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)||28 May 2015||Havana|
|6||18.07 m (59 ft 3+1⁄4 in)||indoor||Hugues Fabrice Zango (BUR)||16 January 2021||Aubière|
|7||18.04 m (59 ft 2 in)||0.3||Teddy Tamgho (FRA)||18 August 2013||Moscow|
|8||17.97 m (58 ft 11+1⁄4 in)||1.5||Willie Banks (USA)||16 June 1985||Indianapolis|
|9||17.92 m (58 ft 9+1⁄2 in)||1.6||Khristo Markov (BUL)||31 August 1987||Rome|
|1.9||James Beckford (JAM)||20 May 1995||Odessa|
|11||17.90 m (58 ft 8+1⁄2 in)||0.4||Jadel Gregório (BRA)||20 May 2007||Belém|
|1.0||Vladimir Inozemtsev (URS)||20 June 1990||Bratislava|
|13||17.89 m (58 ft 8+1⁄4 in) A||0.0||João Carlos de Oliveira (BRA)||15 October 1975||Mexico City|
|14||17.87 m (58 ft 7+1⁄2 in)||1.7||Mike Conley (USA)||27 June 1987||San Jose|
|15||17.86 m (58 ft 7 in)||1.3||Charles Simpkins (USA)||2 September 1985||Kobe|
|16||17.85 m (58 ft 6+3⁄4 in)||0.0||Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)||8 August 1997||Athens|
|17||17.83 m (58 ft 5+3⁄4 in)|
|indoor||Aliecer Urrutia (CUB)||1 March 1997||Sindelfingen|
|indoor||Christian Olsson (SWE)||7 March 2004||Budapest|
|19||17.81 m (58 ft 5 in)||1.0||Marian Oprea (ROU)||5 July 2005||Lausanne|
|0.1||Phillips Idowu (GBR)||29 July 2009||Barcelona|
|21||17.78 m (58 ft 4 in)||1.0||Nikolay Musiyenko (URS)||7 June 1986||Leningrad|
|0.6||Lazaro Betancourt (CUB)||15 June 1986||Havana|
|0.8||Melvin Lister (USA)||17 July 2004||Havana|
|24||17.77 m (58 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||1.0||Aleksandr Kovalenko (URS)||18 July 1987||Bryansk|
|indoor||Leonid Voloshin (RUS)||6 February 1994||Grenoble|
Below is a list of all other legal performances (excluding ancillary jumps) equal or superior to 17.90 m:
Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the best wind-assisted jumps (equal or superior to 17.77 m). Only marks that are superior to legal bests are shown:
|1||15.50 m (50 ft 10 in)||0.9||Inessa Kravets (UKR)||10 August 1995||Gothenburg|
|2||15.43 m (50 ft 7+1⁄4 in)||indoor||Yulimar Rojas (VEN)||21 February 2020||Madrid|
|0.7||22 May 2021||Andújar|
|3||15.39 m (50 ft 5+3⁄4 in)||0.5||Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)||17 August 2008||Beijing|
|4||15.36 m (50 ft 4+1⁄2 in)||indoor||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||6 March 2004||Budapest|
|5||15.32 m (50 ft 3 in)||0.9||Hrysopiyi Devetzi (GRE)||21 August 2004||Athens|
|6||15.31 m (50 ft 2+3⁄4 in)||0.0||Catherine Ibargüen (COL)||18 July 2014||Monaco|
|7||15.29 m (50 ft 1+3⁄4 in)||0.3||Yamilé Aldama (CUB)||11 July 2003||Rome|
|8||15.28 m (50 ft 1+1⁄2 in)||0.9||Yargelis Savigne (CUB)||31 August 2007||Osaka|
|9||15.25 m (50 ft 1⁄4 in)||1.7||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)||4 September 2010||Split|
|10||15.20 m (49 ft 10+1⁄4 in)||0.0||Šárka Kašpárková (CZE)||4 August 1997||Athens|
|−0.3||Tereza Marinova (BUL)||24 September 2000||Sydney|
|12||15.18 m (49 ft 9+1⁄2 in)||0.3||Iva Prandzheva (BUL)||10 August 1995||Gothenburg|
|13||15.16 m (49 ft 8+3⁄4 in)||0.1||Rodica Mateescu (ROU)||4 August 1997||Athens|
|0.7||Trecia Smith (JAM)||2 August 2004||Linz|
|indoor||Ashia Hansen (GBR)||28 February 1998||Valencia|
|16||15.14 m (49 ft 8 in)||1.9||Nadezhda Alekhina (RUS)||26 July 2009||Cheboksary|
|17||15.09 m (49 ft 6 in)||0.5||Anna Biryukova (RUS)||29 August 1993||Stuttgart|
|−0.5||Inna Lasovskaya (RUS)||31 May 1997||Valencia|
|19||15.08 m (49 ft 5+1⁄2 in)||indoor||Marija Šestak (SLO)||13 February 2008||Peania|
|20||15.07 m (49 ft 5+1⁄4 in)||−0.6||Paraskevi Tsiamita (GRE)||22 August 1999||Seville|
|21||15.04 m (49 ft 4 in)||1.7||Ekaterina Koneva (RUS)||30 May 2015||Eugene|
|22||15.03 m (49 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||1.9||Magdelin Martinez (ITA)||26 June 2004||Rome|
|indoor||Iolanda Chen (RUS)||11 March 1995||Barcelona|
|24||15.02 m (49 ft 3+1⁄4 in)||0.9||Anna Pyatykh (RUS)||9 August 2006||Gothenburg|
|25||15.00 m (49 ft 2+1⁄2 in)||1.2||Kene Ndoye (SEN)||4 July 2004||Iraklio|
Below is a list of all other legal performances (excluding ancillary jumps) equal or superior to 15.20 m:
Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the best wind-assisted jumps (equal or superior to 15.00 m). Only marks that are superior to legal bests are shown:
| 1896 Athens || James Connolly |
| Alexandre Tuffère |
| Ioannis Persakis |
| 1900 Paris || Myer Prinstein |
| James Connolly |
| Lewis Sheldon |
| 1904 St. Louis || Myer Prinstein |
| Fred Englehardt |
| Robert Stangland |
| 1908 London || Tim Ahearne |
| Garfield MacDonald |
| Edvard Larsen |
| 1912 Stockholm || Gustaf Lindblom |
| Georg Åberg |
| Erik Almlöf |
| 1920 Antwerp || Vilho Tuulos |
| Folke Jansson |
| Erik Almlöf |
| 1924 Paris || Nick Winter |
| Luis Brunetto |
| Vilho Tuulos |
| 1928 Amsterdam || Mikio Oda |
| Levi Casey |
| Vilho Tuulos |
| 1932 Los Angeles || Chūhei Nambu |
| Erik Svensson |
| Kenkichi Oshima |
| 1936 Berlin || Naoto Tajima |
| Masao Harada |
| Jack Metcalfe |
| 1948 London || Arne Åhman |
| George Avery |
| Ruhi Sarialp |
| 1952 Helsinki || Adhemar da Silva |
| Leonid Shcherbakov |
| Asnoldo Devonish |
| 1956 Melbourne || Adhemar da Silva |
| Vilhjálmur Einarsson |
| Vitold Kreyer |
| 1960 Rome || Józef Szmidt |
| Vladimir Goryaev |
| Vitold Kreyer |
| 1964 Tokyo || Józef Szmidt |
| Oleg Fyodoseyev |
| Viktor Kravchenko |
| 1968 Mexico City || Viktor Saneyev |
| Nelson Prudencio |
| Giuseppe Gentile |
| 1972 Munich || Viktor Saneyev |
| Jörg Drehmel |
| Nelson Prudencio |
| 1976 Montreal || Viktor Saneyev |
| James Butts |
| João Carlos de Oliveira |
| 1980 Moscow || Jaak Uudmäe |
| Viktor Saneyev |
| João Carlos de Oliveira |
| 1984 Los Angeles || Al Joyner |
| Mike Conley Sr. |
| Keith Connor |
| 1988 Seoul || Khristo Markov |
| Igor Lapshin |
| Aleksandr Kovalenko |
| 1992 Barcelona || Mike Conley Sr. |
| Charles Simpkins |
| Frank Rutherford |
| 1996 Atlanta || Kenny Harrison |
| Jonathan Edwards |
| Yoelbi Quesada |
| 2000 Sydney || Jonathan Edwards |
| Yoel García |
| Denis Kapustin |
| 2004 Athens || Christian Olsson |
| Marian Oprea |
| Danil Burkenya |
| 2008 Beijing || Nelson Évora |
| Phillips Idowu |
| Leevan Sands |
| 2012 London || Christian Taylor |
| Will Claye |
| Fabrizio Donato |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Christian Taylor |
| Will Claye |
| Dong Bin |
| 1996 Atlanta || Inessa Kravets |
| Inna Lasovskaya |
| Šárka Kašpárková |
| 2000 Sydney || Tereza Marinova |
| Tatyana Lebedeva |
| Olena Hovorova |
| 2004 Athens || Françoise Mbango Etone |
| Hrysopiyí Devetzí |
| Tatyana Lebedeva |
| 2008 Beijing || Françoise Mbango Etone |
| Olga Rypakova |
| Yargelis Savigne |
| 2012 London || Olga Rypakova |
| Caterine Ibargüen |
| Olha Saladukha |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Caterine Ibargüen |
| Yulimar Rojas |
| Olga Rypakova |
| 1983 Helsinki ||Zdzisław Hoffmann (POL)||Willie Banks (USA)||Ajayi Agbebaku (NGR)|
| 1987 Rome ||Khristo Markov (BUL)||Mike Conley (USA)||Oleg Sakirkin (URS)|
| 1991 Tokyo ||Kenny Harrison (USA)||Leonid Voloshin (URS)||Mike Conley (USA)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Mike Conley (USA)||Leonid Voloshin (RUS)||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||Brian Wellman (BER)||Jérôme Romain (DMA)|
| 1997 Athens ||Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||Aliecer Urrutia (CUB)|
| 1999 Seville ||Charles Friedek (GER)||Rostislav Dimitrov (BUL)||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||Christian Olsson (SWE)||Igor Spasovkhodskiy (RUS)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Christian Olsson (SWE)||Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)||Leevan Sands (BAH)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Walter Davis (USA)||Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)||Marian Oprea (ROU)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Nelson Évora (POR)||Jadel Gregório (BRA)||Walter Davis (USA)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Phillips Idowu (GBR)||Nelson Évora (POR)||Alexis Copello (CUB)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Christian Taylor (USA)||Phillips Idowu (GBR)||Will Claye (USA)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Teddy Tamgho (FRA)||Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)||Will Claye (USA)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Christian Taylor (USA)||Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)||Nelson Évora (POR)|
| 2017 London ||Christian Taylor (USA)||Will Claye (USA)||Nelson Évora (POR)|
| 2019 Doha ||Christian Taylor (USA)||Will Claye (USA)||Hugues Fabrice Zango (BUR)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Anna Biryukova (RUS)||Yolanda Chen (RUS)||Iva Prandzheva (BUL)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Inessa Kravets (UKR)||Iva Prandzheva (BUL)||Anna Biryukova (RUS)|
| 1997 Athens ||Šárka Kašpárková (CZE)||Rodica Mateescu (ROU)||Olena Hovorova (UKR)|
| 1999 Seville ||Paraskevi Tsiamita (GRE)||Yamilé Aldama (CUB)||Olga Vasdeki (GRE)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)||Tereza Marinova (BUL)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)||Magdelín Martínez (ITA)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Trecia Smith (JAM)||Yargelis Savigne (CUB)||Anna Pyatykh (RUS)|
| 2007 Osaka [B] ||Yargelis Savigne (CUB)||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||Anna Pyatykh (RUS)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Yargelis Savigne (CUB)||Mabel Gay (CUB)||Anna Pyatykh (RUS)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Olha Saladukha (UKR)||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)||Caterine Ibargüen (COL)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Caterine Ibargüen (COL)||Ekaterina Koneva (RUS)||Olha Saladukha (UKR)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Caterine Ibargüen (COL)||Hanna Knyazyeva-Minenko (ISR)||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)|
| 2017 London ||Yulimar Rojas (VEN)||Caterine Ibargüen (COL)||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)|
| 2019 Doha ||Yulimar Rojas (VEN)||Shanieka Ricketts (JAM)||Caterine Ibargüen (COL)|
| 1985 Paris [A] ||Khristo Markov (BUL)||Lázaro Betancourt (CUB)||Lázaro Balcindes (CUB)|
| 1987 Indianapolis ||Mike Conley (USA)||Oleg Prozenko (URS)||Frank Rutherford (BAH)|
| 1989 Budapest ||Mike Conley (USA)||Jorge Reyna (CUB)||Juan Miguel López (CUB)|
| 1991 Seville ||Igor Lapshin (URS)||Leonid Voloshin (URS)||Tord Henriksson (SWE)|
| 1993 Toronto ||Pierre Camara (FRA)||Māris Bružiks (LAT)||Brian Wellman (BER)|
| 1995 Barcelona ||Brian Wellman (BER)||Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)||Serge Hélan (FRA)|
| 1997 Paris ||Yoel García (CUB)||Aliecer Urrutia (CUB)||Aleksandr Aseledchenko (RUS)|
| 1999 Maebashi ||Charles Friedek (GER)||LaMark Carter (USA)||Zsolt Czingler (HUN)|
| 2001 Lisbon ||Paolo Camossi (ITA)||Jonathan Edwards (GBR)||Andrew Murphy (AUS)|
| 2003 Birmingham ||Christian Olsson (SWE)||Walter Davis (USA)||Yoelbi Quesada (CUB)|
| 2004 Budapest ||Christian Olsson (SWE)||Jadel Gregório (BRA)||Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)|
| 2006 Moscow ||Walter Davis (USA)||Jadel Gregório (BRA)||Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)|
| 2008 Valencia ||Phillips Idowu (GBR)||Arnie David Giralt (CUB)||Nelson Évora (POR)|
| 2010 Doha ||Teddy Tamgho (FRA)||Yoandri Betanzos (CUB)||Arnie David Giralt (CUB)|
| 2012 Istanbul ||Will Claye (USA)||Christian Taylor (USA)||Lyukman Adams (RUS)|
| 2014 Sopot ||Lyukman Adams (RUS)||Ernesto Revé (CUB)||Pedro Pablo Pichardo (CUB)|
| 2016 Portland ||Dong Bin (CHN)||Max Heß (GER)||Benjamin Compaoré (FRA)|
| 2018 Birmingham ||Will Claye (USA)||Almir dos Santos (BRA)||Nelson Évora (POR)|
| 1993 Toronto ||Inessa Kravets (UKR)||Yolanda Chen (RUS)||Inna Lasovskaya (RUS)|
| 1995 Barcelona ||Yolanda Chen (RUS)||Iva Prandzheva (BUL)||Ren Ruiping (CHN)|
| 1997 Paris ||Inna Lasovskaya (RUS)||Ashia Hansen (GBR)||Šárka Kašpárková (CZE)|
| 1999 Maebashi ||Ashia Hansen (GBR)||Iva Prandzheva (BUL)||Šárka Kašpárková (CZE)|
| 2001 Lisbon ||Tereza Marinova (BUL)||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||Tiombe Hurd (USA)|
| 2003 Birmingham ||Ashia Hansen (GBR)||Françoise Mbango Etone (CMR)||Kéné Ndoye (SEN)|
| 2004 Budapest ||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||Yamilé Aldama (SUD)||Hrysopiyi Devetzi (GRE)|
| 2006 Moscow ||Tatyana Lebedeva (RUS)||Anna Pyatykh (RUS)||Yamilé Aldama (SUD)|
| 2008 Valencia ||Yargelis Savigne (CUB)||Hrysopiyi Devetzi (GRE)||Marija Šestak (SLO)|
| 2010 Doha ||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)||Yargelis Savigne (CUB)||Anna Pyatykh (RUS)|
| 2012 Istanbul ||Yamilé Aldama (GBR)||Olga Rypakova (KAZ)||Mabel Gay (CUB)|
| 2014 Sopot ||Ekaterina Koneva (RUS)||Olha Saladukha (UKR)||Kimberly Williams (JAM)|
| 2016 Portland ||Yulimar Rojas (VEN)||Kristin Gierisch (GER)||Paraskevi Papachristou (GRE)|
| 2018 Birmingham ||Yulimar Rojas (VEN)||Kimberly Williams (JAM)||Ana Peleteiro (ESP)|
The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern, most-practiced format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form.
The long jump is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed, strength and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point. Along with the triple jump, the two events that measure jumping for distance as a group are referred to as the "horizontal jumps". This event has a history in the Ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympic event for men since the first Olympics in 1896 and for women since 1948.
Pole vaulting, also known as pole jumping, is a track and field event in which an athlete uses a long and flexible pole, usually made from fiberglass or carbon fiber, as an aid to jump over a bar. Pole jumping competitions were known to the ancient Greeks, Cretans and Celts. It has been a full medal event at the Olympic Games since 1896 for men and since 2000 for women.
Figure skating jumps are an element of three competitive figure skating disciplines—men's singles, ladies' singles, and pair skating but not ice dancing. Jumping in figure skating is "relatively recent". They were originally individual compulsory figures, and sometimes special figures; many jumps were named after the skaters who invented them or from the figures from which they were developed. It was not until the early part of the twentieth century, well after the establishment of organized skating competitions, when jumps with the potential of being completed with multiple revolutions were invented and when jumps were formally categorized. In the 1920s, Austrian skaters began to perform the first double jumps in practice. Skaters experimented with jumps, and by the end of the period, the modern repertoire of jumps had been developed. Jumps did not have a major role in free skating programs during international competitions until the 1930s. During the post-war period and into the 1950s and early 1960s, triple jumps became more common for both male and female skaters, and a full repertoire of two-revolution jumps had been fully developed. In the 1980s, men were expected to complete four or five difficult triple jumps, and women had to perform the easier triples. By the 1990s, after compulsory figures were removed from competitions, multi-revolution jumps became more important in figure skating.
Track and field is a sport that includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from where the sport takes place, a running track and a grass field for the throwing and some of the jumping events. Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and racewalking.
The women's triple jump competition at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens was held at the Olympic Stadium on 21–23 August.
The toe loop jump is the simplest jump in the sport of figure skating. It was invented in the 1920s by American professional figure skater Bruce Mapes. The toe loop is accomplished with a forward approach on the inside edge of the blade; the skater then switches to a backward-facing position before their takeoff, which is accomplished from the skater's right back outside edge and left toepick. The jump is exited from the back outside edge of the same foot. It is often added to more difficult jumps during combinations, and is the most common second jump performed in combinations. It is also the most commonly attempted jump.
Phillips Olaosebikan Idowu, is a British athlete who specialises in the triple jump. He is a former World Outdoor and Indoor, European Outdoor and Indoor, and Commonwealth triple jump champion. He was also a silver medalist at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Idowu is a member of the London-based Belgrave Harriers athletics club and has been for much of his career.
Viktor Danilovich Saneyev is a retired triple jumper, who competed internationally for the USSR and won four Olympic medals; three golds and one silver (1980). He was born in Sukhumi, Georgian SSR, and trained in Sukhumi and later in Tbilisi.
The final of the men's triple jump event at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia was held on July 27, 1996. There were 43 participating athletes from 32 nations, with two qualifying groups. The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The top twelve and ties, and all those reaching 17.00 metres advanced to the final. The qualification round was held on July 26, 1996. The event was won by Kenny Harrison of the United States, the nation's second consecutive and sixth overall victory in the men's triple jump. Jonathan Edwards's silver was Great Britain's first medal in the event since 1984; Yoelbi Quesada's bronze was Cuba's first men's triple jump medal ever.
The men's triple jump event at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, Soviet Union had an entry list of 23 competitors, with two qualifying groups before the final (12) took place on Friday, July 25, 1980. The maximum number of athletes per nation had been set at 3 since the 1930 Olympic Congress. The top twelve and ties, and all those reaching 16.55 metres advanced to the final. The qualification round was held on Thursday, July 24, 1980.
Teddy Tamgho is a French triple jumper and long jumper. He specialises in the triple jump. He is the current triple jump world indoor record holder at 17.92 m, achieved in winning the final and gold medal at the 2011 European Indoor Championships. He is the world's sixth best ever triple jumper outdoors, with his best mark of 18.04 metres achieved in winning the final and gold medal at the 2013 World Championships.
The women's triple jump at the 2008 Olympic Games took place on August 15 and 17 at the Beijing Olympic Stadium.
Ian Bernard Campbell is a retired long and triple jumper from Australia, who represented his native country at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow, USSR. There he ended up in fifth place in the men's triple jump event, with a leap of 16.72 metres. In the final, Campbell, missed a certain gold medal after his fourth jump was fouled; this decision has been disputed since. He was accused of dragging his trail leg during the second, or "step" portion of the event. He had several jumps over 17.37 metres and at least one estimated to be just under 17.60 metres, but after each of those jumps, and sometimes with a few seconds' hesitation, a judge's red flag indicated a foul. He won the silver medal at the 1978 Commonwealth Games with 16.93 and was third in 1979 IAAF World Cup with 16.76. His personal best result was 17.09.
The men's triple jump at the 2009 World Championships in Athletics was held at the Olympic Stadium on 16 and 18 August. The season had seen a number of athletes performing to a high level before the championships, with reigning World and Olympic champion Nelson Évora leading with 17.66 metres and all three athletes of the Cuban team having jumped over 17.60 m in the season. The other athlete to jump that distance was Phillips Idowu, who was keen make up for his loss to Évora in the 2008 Olympics. The Olympic medallists Évora, Idowu, and Leevan Sands, and the Cuban trio of David Giralt, Yoandris Betanzos and Alexis Copello, were judged to be the strongest competitors entering the competition.
The Axel jump, also called the Axel Paulsen jump for its creator, Norwegian figure skater Axel Paulsen, is an edge jump in the sport of figure skating. It is figure skating's oldest and most difficult jump. It is the only competition jump that begins with a forward takeoff, which makes it the easiest jump to identify. A double or triple Axel is required in both the short programs and free skating programs for junior and senior single skaters in all International Skating Union (ISU) competitions. According to The New York Times, the triple Axel "has become more common for male skaters" to perform, although the quadruple Axel has not yet been successfully completed in competition. As of 2020, 12 women have successfully completed the triple Axel in international competition. The Axel has an extra half rotation, which, as figure skating expert Hannah Robbins states, makes a triple Axel "more a quadruple jump than a triple".
The men's triple jump competition at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium on 15–16 August. Forty-seven athletes from 35 nations competed. The event was won by Christian Taylor of the United States, the fifth man to successfully defend Olympic gold in the triple jump. It was the United States' eighth victory in the event. Just as in London four years earlier, Will Claye took silver; the two Americans were the 13th and 14th men to win multiple medals in the event. Dong Bin of China earned bronze, the nation's first medal in the men's triple jump.
The Women's triple jump competition at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The event was held at the Olympic Stadium on 13–14 August.
Hugues Fabrice Zango is a Burkinabé athlete who specialises in the triple jump and the long jump. Pending ratification, he is the world indoor record holder in the triple jump with a jump of 18.07 m set in 2021. Zango competed in the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. At the Olympics, he competed in the triple jump. He has also competed in World Championships, two African athletics championships, a Jeux de la Francophonie, two Summer Universiades and two African Games. He became the first ever medalist for Burkina Faso with a bronze medal and African record at the 2019 World Athletics Championships in Doha.
The women's triple jump at the 2019 World Athletics Championships was held at the Khalifa International Stadium in Doha, Qatar, from 3 to 5 October 2019.
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