Long jump

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Athletics
Long jump
2007 Military World Games long jump.jpg
Long jumper at the 2007 Military World Games
World records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Mike Powell 8.95 m (29 ft 4 14 in) (1991)
Women Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Galina Chistyakova 7.52 m (24 ft 8 in) (1988)
Olympic records
Men Flag of the United States.svg Bob Beamon 8.90 m (29 ft 2 14 in) (1968)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Jackie Joyner-Kersee 7.40 m (24 ft 3 14 in) (1988)
Women's Long Jump Final – 28th Summer Universiade 2015

The long jump is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed, strength and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point. Along with the triple jump, the two events that measure jumping for distance as a group are referred to as the "horizontal jumps". This event has a history in the Ancient Olympic Games and has been a modern Olympic event for men since the first Olympics in 1896 and for women since 1948.

Contents

Rules

An indicator of wind direction and a device for measuring wind speed (here +2.6 m/s) along a run-up track. Wind indicator in long jump area at TNT - Fortuna Meeting in Kladno 16June2010 118.jpg
An indicator of wind direction and a device for measuring wind speed (here +2.6 m/s) along a run-up track.

At the elite level, competitors run down a runway (usually coated with the same rubberized surface as running tracks, crumb rubber also vulcanized rubber—known generally as an all-weather track) and jump as far as they can from a wooden board 20 cm or 8 inches wide that is built flush with the runway into a pit filled with finely ground gravel or sand. If the competitor starts the leap with any part of the foot past the foul line, the jump is declared a foul and no distance is recorded. A layer of plasticine is placed immediately after the board to detect this occurrence. An official (similar to a referee) will also watch the jump and make the determination. The competitor can initiate the jump from any point behind the foul line; however, the distance measured will always be perpendicular to the foul line to the nearest break in the sand caused by any part of the body or uniform. Therefore, it is in the best interest of the competitor to get as close to the foul line as possible. Competitors are allowed to place two marks along the side of the runway in order to assist them to jump accurately. At a lesser meet and facilities, the plasticine will likely not exist, the runway might be a different surface or jumpers may initiate their jump from a painted or taped mark on the runway. At a smaller meet, the number of attempts might also be limited to four or three.

Each competitor has a set number of attempts. That would normally be three trials, with three additional jumps being awarded to the best 8 or 9 (depending on the number of lanes on the track at that facility, so the event is equatable to track events) competitors. All legal marks will be recorded but only the longest legal jump counts towards the results. The competitor with the longest legal jump (from either the trial or final rounds) at the end of competition is declared the winner. In the event of an exact tie, then comparing the next best jumps of the tied competitors will be used to determine place. In a large, multi-day elite competition (like the Olympics or World Championships), a set number of competitors will advance to the final round, determined in advance by the meet management. A set of 3 trial round jumps will be held in order to select those finalists. It is standard practice to allow at a minimum, one more competitor than the number of scoring positions to return to the final round, though 12 plus ties and automatic qualifying distances are also potential factors. (For specific rules and regulations in United States Track & Field see Rule 185). [1]

For record purposes, the maximum accepted wind assistance is two metres per second (m/s) (4.5 mph).

History

The jumper on the left performs a distinctive isometric press, primarily by applying downward pressure onto his bent rear leg. This acts as a means of preloading the muscles prior to engaging in a jump from standing. The jumper to the right of him is mid-flight. Long jump Ancient Greeece.jpg
The jumper on the left performs a distinctive isometric press, primarily by applying downward pressure onto his bent rear leg. This acts as a means of preloading the muscles prior to engaging in a jump from standing. The jumper to the right of him is mid-flight.
A long jumper comes in to land. A competitor in the long jump, Black-figured Tyrrhenian amphora showing athletes and a combat scene, Greek, but made for the Etruscan market, 540 BC, found near Rome, Winning at the ancient Games, British Museum (7675649600).jpg
A long jumper comes in to land.

The long jump is the only known jumping event of Ancient Greece's original Olympics' pentathlon events. All events that occurred at the Olympic Games were initially supposed to act as a form of training for warfare. The long jump emerged probably because it mirrored the crossing of obstacles such as streams and ravines. [2] After investigating the surviving depictions of the ancient event it is believed that unlike the modern event, athletes were only allowed a short running start. [2] The athletes carried a weight in each hand, which were called halteres (between 1 and 4.5 kg). These weights were swung forward as the athlete jumped in order to increase momentum. It was commonly believed that the jumper would throw the weights behind him in midair to increase his forward momentum; however, halteres were held throughout the duration of the jump. Swinging them down and back at the end of the jump would change the athlete's center of gravity and allow the athlete to stretch his legs outward, increasing his distance. The jump itself was made from the bater ("that which is trod upon"). It was most likely a simple board placed on the stadium track which was removed after the event. The jumpers would land in what was called a skamma ("dug-up" area). The idea that this was a pit full of sand is wrong. Sand in the jumping pit is a modern invention. [3] The skamma was simply a temporary area dug up for that occasion and not something that remained over time.

The long jump was considered one of the most difficult of the events held at the Games since a great deal of skill was required. Music was often played during the jump and Philostratus says that pipes at times would accompany the jump so as to provide a rhythm for the complex movements of the halteres by the athlete. [2] Philostratus is quoted as saying, "The rules regard jumping as the most difficult of the competitions, and they allow the jumper to be given advantages in rhythm by the use of the flute, and in weight by the use of the halter." [4] Most notable in the ancient sport was a man called Chionis, who in the 656 BC Olympics staged a jump of 7.05 metres (23 feet and 1.7 inches). [5]

There has been some argument by modern scholars over the long jump. Some have attempted to recreate it as a triple jump. The images provide the only evidence for the action so it is more well received that it was much like today's long jump. The main reason some want to call it a triple jump is the presence of a source that claims there once was a fifty-five ancient foot jump done by a man named Phayllos. [6]

The long jump has been part of modern Olympic competition since the inception of the Games in 1896. In 1914, Dr. Harry Eaton Stewart recommended the "running broad jump" as a standardized track and field event for women. [7] However, it was not until 1948 that the women's long jump was added to the Olympic athletics programme.

Technique

Emmanuelle Chazal competes in the women's heptathlon long jump final during the French Athletics Championships 2013 at Stade Charlety in Paris, 13 July 2013. Women heptathlon LJ French Athletics Championships 2013 t144221.jpg
Emmanuelle Chazal competes in the women's heptathlon long jump final during the French Athletics Championships 2013 at Stade Charléty in Paris, 13 July 2013.

There are five main components of the long jump: the approach run, the last two strides, takeoff, action in the air, and landing. Speed in the run-up, or approach, and a high leap off the board are the fundamentals of success. Because speed is such an important factor of the approach, it is not surprising that many long jumpers also compete successfully in sprints. A classic example of this long jump / sprint doubling are performances by Carl Lewis.

The approach

The objective of the approach is to gradually accelerate to a maximum controlled speed at takeoff. The most important factor for the distance travelled by an object is its velocity at takeoff – both the speed and angle. Elite jumpers usually leave the ground at an angle of twenty degrees or less; therefore, it is more beneficial for a jumper to focus on the speed component of the jump. The greater the speed at takeoff, the longer the trajectory of the center of mass will be. The importance of a takeoff speed is a factor in the success of sprinters in this event.

The length of the approach is usually consistent distance for an athlete. Approaches can vary between 12 and 19 strides on the novice and intermediate levels, while at the elite level they are closer to between 20 and 22 strides. The exact distance and number of strides in an approach depends on the jumper's experience, sprinting technique, and conditioning level. Consistency in the approach is important as it is the competitor's objective to get as close to the front of the takeoff board as possible without crossing the line with any part of the foot.

Inconsistent approaches are a common problem in the event. As a result, the approach is usually practiced by athletes about 6–8 times per jumping session (see Training below).

The last two strides

The objective of the last two strides is to prepare the body for takeoff while conserving as much speed as possible.

The penultimate stride is longer than the last stride. The competitor begins to lower his or her center of gravity to prepare the body for the vertical impulse. The final stride is shorter because the body is beginning to raise the center of gravity in preparation for takeoff.

The last two strides are extremely important because they determine the velocity with which the competitor will enter the jump.

Takeoff

Takeoff board Long jump takeoff board.jpg
Takeoff board

The objective of the takeoff is to create a vertical impulse through the athlete's center of gravity while maintaining balance and control.

This phase is one of the most technical parts of the long jump. Jumpers must be conscious to place the foot flat on the ground, because jumping off either the heels or the toes negatively affects the jump. Taking off from the board heel-first has a braking effect, which decreases velocity and strains the joints. Jumping off the toes decreases stability, putting the leg at risk of buckling or collapsing from underneath the jumper. While concentrating on foot placement, the athlete must also work to maintain proper body position, keeping the torso upright and moving the hips forward and up to achieve the maximum distance from board contact to foot release.

There are four main styles of takeoff: the kick style, double-arm style, sprint takeoff, and the power sprint or bounding takeoff.

Kick

The kick style takeoff is where the athlete actively cycles the leg before a full impulse has been directed into the board then landing into the pit. This requires great strength in the hamstrings. This causes the jumper to jump to large distances.

Double-arm

The double-arm style of takeoff works by moving both arms in a vertical direction as the competitor takes off. This produces a high hip height and a large vertical impulse.

Sprint

The sprint takeoff is the style most widely instructed by coaching staff. This is a classic single-arm action that resembles a jumper in full stride. It is an efficient takeoff style for maintaining velocity through takeoff.

Power sprint or bounding

The power sprint takeoff, or bounding takeoff, is one of the more common elite styles. Very similar to the sprint style, the body resembles a sprinter in full stride. However, there is one major difference. The arm that pushes back on takeoff (the arm on the side of the takeoff leg) fully extends backward, rather than remaining at a bent position. This additional extension increases the impulse at takeoff.

The "correct" style of takeoff will vary from athlete to athlete.

Multi-eventer Jessica Ennis during a long jump, preparing to land Jessica Ennis - long jump - 3.jpg
Multi-eventer Jessica Ennis during a long jump, preparing to land

Action in the air and landing

There are three major flight techniques for the long jump: the hang, the sail, and the hitch-kick. Each technique is to combat the forward rotation experienced from take-off but is basically down to preference from the athlete. It is important to note that once the body is airborne, there is nothing that the athlete can do to change the direction they are traveling and consequently where they are going to land in the pit. However, it can be argued that certain techniques influence an athlete's landing, which can affect the distance measured. For example, if an athlete lands feet first but falls back because they are not correctly balanced, a lower distance will be measured.

In the 1970s some jumpers used a forward somersault, including Tuariki Delamere who used it at the 1974 NCAA Championships, and who matched the jump of the then Olympic champion Randy Williams. The somersault jump has potential to produce longer jumps than other techniques because in the flip, no power is lost countering forward momentum, and it reduces wind resistance in the air. [8] The front flip jump was subsequently banned due to fear of it being unsafe.

Training

The long jump generally requires training in a variety of areas. These areas include: speed work, jumping, over distance running, weight training, plyometric training.

Speed work

Speed work is essentially short distance speed training where the athlete would be running at top or near top speeds. The distances for this type of work would vary between indoor and outdoor season but are usually around 30–60 m for indoors and up to 100 m for outdoors.

Jumping

Long Jumpers tend to practice jumping 1–2 times a week. Approaches, or run-throughs, are repeated sometimes up to 6–8 times per session. Short approach jumps are common for jumpers to do, as it allows for them to work on specific technical aspects of their jumps in a controlled environment. Using equipment such as low hurdles and other obstacles are common in long jump training, as it helps the jumper maintain and hold phases of their jump. As a common rule, it is important for the jumper to engage in full approach jumps at least once a week, as it will prepare the jumper for competition.

Over-distance running

Over-distance running workouts helps the athlete jump a further distance than their set goal. For example, having a 100 m runner practice by running 200 m repeats on a track. This is specifically concentrated in the season when athletes are working on building endurance. Specific over-distance running workouts are performed 1–2 times a week. This is great for building sprint endurance, which is required in competitions where the athlete is sprinting down the runway 3–6 times. Typical workouts would include 5×150 m. Preseason workouts may be longer, including workouts like 6×300 m.

Weight training

During pre-season training and early in the competition season weight training tends to play a major role in the sport. It is customary for a long jumper to weight train up to 4 times a week, focusing mainly on quick movements involving the legs and trunk. Some athletes perform Olympic lifts in training. Athletes use low repetition and emphasize speed to maximize the strength increase while minimizing adding additional weight to their frame. Important lifts for a long jumper include the back squat, front squat, power cleans and hang cleans. The emphasis on these lifts should be on speed and explosive as those are crucial in the long jump take off phase.

Plyometrics

Plyometrics, including running up and down stairs and hurdle bounding, can be incorporated into workouts, generally twice a week. This allows an athlete to work on agility and explosiveness. Other plyometric workouts that are common for long jumpers are box jumps. Boxes of various heights are set up spaced evenly apart and jumpers can proceed jumping onto them and off moving in a forward direction. They can vary the jumps from both legs to single jumps. Alternatively, they can set up the boxes in front of a high jump mat if allowed, and jump over a high jump bar onto the mat mimicking a landing phase of the jump. These plyometric workouts are typically performed at the end of a workout.

Bounding

Bounding is any sort of continuous jumping or leaping. Bounding drills usually require single leg bounding, double-leg bounding, or some variation of the two. The focus of bounding drills is usually to spend as little time on the ground as possible and working on technical accuracy, fluidity, and jumping endurance and strength. Technically, bounding is part of plyometrics, as a form of a running exercise such as high knees and butt kicks.

Flexibility

Flexibility is an often forgotten[ citation needed ] tool for long jumpers. Effective flexibility prevents injury, which can be important for high-impact events such as the long jump. It also helps the athlete sprint down the runway. Hip and groin injuries are common for long jumpers who may neglect proper warm-up and stretching.

Hurdle mobility drills are a common way that jumpers improve flexibility. Common hurdle drills include setting up about 5–7 hurdles at appropriate heights and having athletes walk over them in a continuous fashion. Other variations of hurdle mobility drills are used as well, including hurdle skips. This is a crucial part of a jumper's training since they perform most exercises for a very short period of time and often aren't aware of their form and technique. A common tool in many long jump workouts is the use of video taping. This enables the athlete to go back and watch their own progress as well as letting the athlete compare their own footage to that of some of the world-class jumpers.

Training styles, duration, and intensity vary immensely from athlete to athlete and are based on the experience and strength of the athlete as well as on their coaching style.

Culture

Long Jump commemorative coin 2003 Greece 10 Euro OS Long Jump front.jpg
Long Jump commemorative coin

Track and field events have been selected as a main motif in numerous collectors' coins. One of the recent samples is the €10 Greek Long Jump commemorative coin, minted in 2003 to commemorate the 2004 Summer Olympics. The obverse of the coin portrays a modern athlete at the moment he is touching the ground, while the ancient athlete in the background is shown while starting off his jump, as he is seen on a black-figure vase of the 5th century BC.

Records

Sand pit where Bob Beamon set the 8.90 m record in Mexico City, Mexico. 50 anos de Mexico 68 - 16.jpg
Sand pit where Bob Beamon set the 8.90 m record in Mexico City, Mexico.

The men's long jump world record has been held by just four individuals for the majority of time since the IAAF started to ratify records. The first mark recognized by the IAAF in 1912, the 1901 performance by Peter O'Connor, stood just short of 20 years (nine years as an IAAF record). After it was broken in 1921, the record changed hands six times until Jesse Owens set the record at the 1935 Big Ten track meet in Ann Arbor, Michigan, of 8.13 m (26 ft 8 in) that was not broken for 25 years and 2 months, until 1960, by Ralph Boston. Boston improved upon it and exchanged records with Igor Ter-Ovanesyan seven times over the next seven years. At the 1968 Summer Olympics Bob Beamon jumped 8.90 m (29 ft 2 14 in), a jump not exceeded for 23 years, and which remains the second longest legal jump of all time; yet it has stood as the Olympic record for 52 years. On 30 August 1991, Mike Powell of the United States set the current men's world record at the World Championships in Tokyo. It was in a dramatic showdown against Carl Lewis who also surpassed Beamon's record that day but his jump was wind-assisted (and thus not legal for record purposes). Powell's record 8.95 m (29 ft 4 14 in) has now stood for over 29 years.

Some jumps over 8.95 m (29 ft 4 14 in) have been officially recorded. 8.99 m (29 ft 5 34 in) was recorded by Powell (wind-assisted +4.4) set at high altitude in Sestriere, Italy, in 1992. A potential world record of 8.96 m (29 ft 4 34 in) was recorded by Iván Pedroso, [9] with a "legal" wind reading also in Sestriere, but the jump was not validated because videotape revealed someone was standing in front of the wind gauge, invalidating the reading (and costing Pedroso a Ferrari valued at $130,000—the prize for breaking the record at that meet). [10] [11] As mentioned above, Lewis jumped 8.91 m (29 ft 2 34 in) moments before Powell's record-breaking jump with the wind exceeding the maximum allowed. This jump remains the longest ever not to win an Olympic or World Championship gold medal, or any competition in general.

The women's world record has seen more consistent improvement, though the current record has stood longer than any long jump record by men or women. The longest to hold the record prior was by Fanny Blankers-Koen during World War II. who held it for 10 years. There have been three occasions where the record was tied or improved upon twice in the same competition. The current world record for women is held by Galina Chistyakova of the former Soviet Union who leapt 7.52 m (24 ft 8 in) in Leningrad on 11 June 1988, a mark that has stood for over 32 years.

All-time top 25 long jumpers

Men

RankMarkWind (m/s)AthleteDatePlaceRef
18.95 m (29 ft 4 14 in)0.3Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Powell  (USA)30 August 1991 Tokyo
28.90 m (29 ft 2 14 in) A 2.0Flag of the United States.svg  Bob Beamon  (USA)18 October 1968 Mexico City
38.87 m (29 ft 1 in)−0.2Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)30 August 1991 Tokyo
48.86 m (29 ft 34 in) A 1.9Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Robert Emmiyan  (URS)22 May 1987 Tsakhkadzor
58.74 m (28 ft 8 in)1.4Flag of the United States.svg  Larry Myricks  (USA)18 July 1988 Indianapolis
8.74 m (28 ft 8 in) A 2.0Flag of the United States.svg  Erick Walder  (USA)2 April 1994 El Paso
8.74 m (28 ft 8 in)−1.2Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)7 June 2009 Eugene
88.73 m (28 ft 7 12 in)1.2Flag of Panama.svg  Irving Saladino  (PAN)24 May 2008 Hengelo
98.71 m (28 ft 6 34 in)1.9Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)18 July 1995 Salamanca
8.71 m (28 ft 6 34 in)indoorFlag of Germany.svg  Sebastian Bayer  (GER)8 March 2009 Turin
118.69 m (28 ft 6 in)0.5Flag of Jamaica.svg  Tajay Gayle  (JAM)28 September 2019 Doha [14]
128.68 m (28 ft 5 12 in)1.7Flag of Cuba.svg  Juan Miguel Echevarría  (CUB)30 June 2018 Bad Langensalza [15]
138.66 m (28 ft 4 34 in)1.6Flag of Greece.svg  Louis Tsatoumas  (GRE)2 June 2007 Kalamata
148.65 m (28 ft 4 12 in) A 1.3Flag of South Africa.svg  Luvo Manyonga  (RSA)22 April 2017 Potchefstroom [16]
158.63 m (28 ft 3 34 in)0.5Flag of the United States.svg  Kareem Streete-Thompson  (USA)4 June 1994 Linz
168.62 m (28 ft 3 14 in)0.7Flag of Jamaica.svg  James Beckford  (JAM)5 April 1997 Orlando
178.59 m (28 ft 2 in)indoorFlag of the United States.svg  Miguel Pate  (USA)4 March 2002 New York City
188.58 m (28 ft 1 34 in)1.8Flag of the United States.svg  Jarrion Lawson  (USA)3 July 2016 Eugene [17]
198.56 m (28 ft 1 in)1.3Flag of Spain.svg  Yago Lamela  (ESP)24 June 1999 Turin
8.56 m (28 ft 1 in)0.2Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksandr Menkov  (RUS)16 August 2013 Moscow
218.54 m (28 ft 0 in)0.9Flag of East Germany.svg  Lutz Dombrowski  (GDR)28 July 1980 Moscow
8.54 m (28 ft 0 in)1.7Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mitchell Watt  (AUS)29 July 2011 Stockholm
238.53 m (27 ft 11 34 in)1.2Flag of Cuba.svg  Jaime Jefferson  (CUB)12 May 1990 Havana
248.52 m (27 ft 11 14 in)0.7Flag of the United States.svg  Savanté Stringfellow  (USA)21 June 2002 Palo Alto
8.52 m (27 ft 11 14 in)1.8Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Henderson  (USA)22 July 2015 Toronto

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal jumps equal or superior to 8.70 m:

Wind-assisted jumps

There are many more exceptionally long jumps in the history of long jumping that are not listed in the record books because of excessive wind from behind the jumper. The limit for the wind speed to allow a jump to enter the record books is 2 m/s. The following contains a list of other notable jumps in which the wind speed exceeded this limit.

  • Mike Powell (USA) jumped 8.99 (+4.4) at altitude in Sestriere, Italy on 21 July 1992.
  • Iván Pedroso (CUB) jumped 8.96 (+1.2) at altitude in Sestriere, Italy on 29 July 1995. The jump was ruled invalid due to an obstructed wind-gauge.
  • Juan Miguel Echevarría (CUB) jumped 8.92 (+3.3) on 10 March 2019 in Havana, Cuba.
  • Carl Lewis (USA) jumped 8.91 (+3.0) on 30 August 1991 at the World Championships in Tokyo, Japan.
  • Fabrice Lapierre (AUS) jumped 8.78 (+3.1) on 18 April 2010 in Perth, Australia.
  • James Beckford (JAM) jumped 8.68 (+4.9) on 20 May 1995 in Odessa, Ukraine.
  • Joe Greene (USA) jumped 8.68 (+4.0) at altitude on 21 July 1995 in Sestriere, Italy.
  • Marquis Dendy (USA) jumped 8.68 (+3.7) on 25 June 2015 in Eugene, Oregon.
  • Kareem Streete-Thompson (USA) jumped 8.64 (+3.5) on 18 June 1995 in Knoxville, Tennessee.
  • Mike Conley (USA) jumped 8.63 (+3.9) on 20 June 1986 in Eugene, Oregon.
  • Jeff Henderson (USA) jumped 8.59 (+2.9) on 3 July 2016 in Eugene, Oregon.
  • Jason Grimes (USA) jumped 8.57 (+5.2) on 27 June 1982 in Durham, North Carolina.
  • Kevin Dilworth (USA) jumped 8.53 (+4.9) on 27 April 2002 in Fort-de-France, Martinique.

Women

RankMarkWind (m/s)AthleteDatePlaceRef
17.52 m (24 ft 8 in)1.4Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Galina Chistyakova  (URS)11 June 1988 Leningrad
27.49 m (24 ft 6 34 in)1.3Flag of the United States.svg  Jackie Joyner-Kersee  (USA)22 May 1994 New York City
37.48 m (24 ft 6 14 in)1.2Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GDR)9 July 1988 Neubrandenburg
47.43 m (24 ft 4 12 in)1.4Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Anişoara Cuşmir  (ROM)4 June 1983 Bucharest
57.42 m (24 ft 4 in)2.0Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)23 June 2002 Annecy
67.39 m (24 ft 2 34 in)0.5Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yelena Belevskaya  (URS)18 July 1987 Bryansk
77.37 m (24 ft 2 in)N/AFlag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)13 June 1992 Kiev
87.33 m (24 ft 12 in)0.4Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)31 July 2004 Tula
97.31 m (23 ft 11 34 in)1.5Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Olena Khlopotnova  (URS)12 September 1985 Alma Ata
7.31 m (23 ft 11 34 in)−0.1Flag of the United States.svg  Marion Jones  (USA)12 August 1998 Zürich
7.31 m (23 ft 11 34 in)1.7Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)2 July 2016 Eugene [20]
127.30 m (23 ft 11 14 in)−0.8Flag of Germany.svg  Malaika Mihambo  (GER)6 October 2019 Doha [21]
137.27 m (23 ft 10 in)−0.4Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Meleshina  (RUS)31 July 2004 Tula
147.26 m (23 ft 9 34 in) A 1.8Flag of Brazil.svg  Maurren Higa Maggi  (BRA)26 July 1999 Bogotá
157.24 m (23 ft 9 in)1.0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Larisa Berezhnaya  (URS)25 May 1991 Granada
indoorFlag of Serbia.svg  Ivana Španović  (SRB)5 March 2017 Belgrade [22]
177.21 m (23 ft 7 34 in)1.6Flag of East Germany.svg  Helga Radtke  (GDR)26 July 1984 Dresden
7.21 m (23 ft 7 34 in)1.9Flag of Russia.svg  Lyudmila Kolchanova  (RUS)27 May 2007 Sochi
197.20 m (23 ft 7 14 in)−0.5Flag of Romania.svg  Vali Ionescu-Constantin  (ROU)11 August 1982 Bucharest
7.20 m (23 ft 7 14 in)2.0Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Irena Ozenko  (URS)12 September 1986 Budapest
7.20 m (23 ft 7 14 in)0.8Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yelena Sinchukova  (URS)20 June 1991 Budapest
7.20 m (23 ft 7 14 in)0.7Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Mushailova  (RUS)14 July 1994 Saint Petersburg
237.17 m (23 ft 6 14 in)1.8Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Irina Valyukevich  (URS)18 July 1987 Bryansk
7.17 m (23 ft 6 14 in)0.6Flag of the United States.svg  Tianna Bartoletta  (USA)17 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [23]
257.16 m (23 ft 5 34 in)N/AFlag of the Soviet Union.svg  Iolanda Chen  (URS)30 July 1988 Moscow
7.16 m (23 ft 5 34 in) A −0.1Flag of Jamaica.svg  Elva Goulbourne  (JAM)22 May 2004 Mexico City
7.16 m (23 ft 5 34 in)1.6Flag of Germany.svg  Sosthene Moguenara  (GER)28 May 2016 Weinheim [24]

Notes

Below is a list of all other legal jumps equal or superior to 7.40 m:

  • Jackie Joyner-Kersee also jumped 7.49 (1994 at altitude), 7.45 (1987) and 7.40 (1988).
  • Heike Drechsler also jumped 7.48 (1992), 7.45 (June 1986), 7.45 (July 1986), 7.44 (1985) and 7.40 (1984 & 1987).
  • Galina Chistyakova also jumped 7.45 (June 1988 ancillary jump during world record competition), 7.45 (August 1988).

Wind-assisted jumps

  • Heike Drechsler (GER) jumped 7.63 (+2.1) on 21 July 1992 at altitude in Sestriere, Italy.
  • Fiona May (ITA) jumped 7.23 (+4.3) on 29 July 1995 at altitude in Sestriere, Italy.
  • Susen Tiedtke (GER) jumped 7.22 (+3.7) on 28 July 1993 at altitude in Sestriere, Italy.
  • Anastassia Mirochuk-Ivanova (BLR) jumped 7.22 (+4.3) on 6 July 2012 in Grodno, Belarus.
  • Eva Murková (SVK) jumped 7.17 (+3.6) on 26 August 1984 in Nitra, Czechoslovakia.

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1896 Athens
details
Ellery Clark
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
Robert Garrett
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
James Connolly
US flag 44 stars.svg  United States
1900 Paris
details
Alvin Kraenzlein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Myer Prinstein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Patrick Leahy
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1904 St. Louis
details
Myer Prinstein
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Daniel Frank
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Robert Stangland
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Frank Irons
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Daniel Kelly
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Calvin Bricker
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
1912 Stockholm
details
Albert Gutterson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Calvin Bricker
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Georg Åberg
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1920 Antwerp
details
William Petersson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
Carl Johnson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Erik Abrahamsson
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1924 Paris
details
DeHart Hubbard
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Edward Gourdin
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Sverre Hansen
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway
1928 Amsterdam
details
Ed Hamm
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Silvio Cator
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti
Al Bates
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1932 Los Angeles
details
Ed Gordon
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Lambert Redd
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Chūhei Nambu
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
1936 Berlin
details
Jesse Owens
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Luz Long
Flag of the German Reich (1935-1945).svg  Germany
Naoto Tajima
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan
1948 London
details
Willie Steele
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Bill Bruce
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Herb Douglas
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Jerome Biffle
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Meredith Gourdine
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ödön Földessy
Flag of Hungary (1949-1956).svg  Hungary
1956 Melbourne
details
Gregory Bell
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
John Bennett
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Jorma Valkama
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland
1960 Rome
details
Ralph Boston
US flag 49 stars.svg  United States
Bo Roberson
US flag 49 stars.svg  United States
Igor Ter-Ovanesyan
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Lynn Davies
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Ralph Boston
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Igor Ter-Ovanesyan
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Bob Beamon
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Klaus Beer
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  East Germany
Ralph Boston
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1972 Munich
details
Randy Williams
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Hans Baumgartner
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Arnie Robinson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1976 Montreal
details
Arnie Robinson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Randy Williams
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Frank Wartenberg
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Lutz Dombrowski
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Frank Paschek
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Valeriy Pidluzhnyy
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Gary Honey
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Giovanni Evangelisti
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1988 Seoul
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Mike Powell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Larry Myricks
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1992 Barcelona
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Mike Powell
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Joe Greene
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
James Beckford
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Joe Greene
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2000 Sydney
details
Iván Pedroso
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
Jai Taurima
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Roman Shchurenko
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2004 Athens
details
Dwight Phillips
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
John Moffitt
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Joan Lino Martínez
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain
2008 Beijing
details
Irving Saladino
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
Godfrey Khotso Mokoena
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Ibrahim Camejo
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
2012 London
details
Greg Rutherford
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Mitchell Watt
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Will Claye
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Jeff Henderson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Luvo Manyonga
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa
Greg Rutherford
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1948 London
details
Olga Gyarmati
Flag of Hungary (1946-1949, 1956-1957).svg  Hungary
Noemí Simonetto
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Ann-Britt Leyman
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden
1952 Helsinki
details
Yvette Williams
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Aleksandra Chudina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Shirley Cawley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1956 Melbourne
details
Elżbieta Krzesińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Willye White
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Nadezhda Khnykina-Dvalishvili
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Vera Krepkina
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Elżbieta Krzesińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Hildrun Claus
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
1964 Tokyo
details
Mary Rand
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Irena Kirszenstein
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Tatyana Shchelkanova
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1968 Mexico City
details
Viorica Viscopoleanu
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Sheila Sherwood
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Tatyana Talysheva
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Heide Rosendahl
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Diana Yorgova
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990).svg  Bulgaria
Eva Šuranová
Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia
1976 Montreal
details
Angela Voigt
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Kathy McMillan
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Lidiya Alfeyeva
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1980 Moscow
details
Tatyana Kolpakova
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
Brigitte Wujak
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Tatyana Skachko
Flag of the Soviet Union (1955-1980).svg  Soviet Union
1984 Los Angeles
details
Anișoara Cușmir-Stanciu
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Valy Ionescu
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Sue Hearnshaw
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1988 Seoul
details
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Heike Drechsler
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Galina Chistyakova
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
1992 Barcelona
details
Heike Drechsler
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Inessa Kravets
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Chioma Ajunwa
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Fiona May
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Jackie Joyner-Kersee
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2000 Sydney
details
Heike Drechsler
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany
Fiona May
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Tatyana Kotova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2004 Athens
details
Tatyana Lebedeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Irina Meleshina
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Tatyana Kotova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Maurren Maggi
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil
Tatyana Lebedeva
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Blessing Okagbare
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
2012 London
details
Brittney Reese
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Elena Sokolova
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Janay DeLoach
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Tianna Bartoletta
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Britney Reese
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Ivana Španović
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Jason Grimes  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Robert Emmiyan  (URS)Flag of the United States.svg  Larry Myricks  (USA)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Powell  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Larry Myricks  (USA)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Powell  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Stanislav Tarasenko  (RUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Vitaliy Kyrylenko  (UKR)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of Jamaica.svg  James Beckford  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Powell  (USA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Erick Walder  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Kirill Sosunov  (RUS)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of Spain.svg  Yago Lamela  (ESP)Flag of Slovenia.svg  Gregor Cankar  (SLO)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Savanté Stringfellow  (USA)Flag of Portugal.svg  Carlos Calado  (POR)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  James Beckford  (JAM)Flag of Spain.svg  Yago Lamela  (ESP)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)Flag of Ghana.svg  Ignisious Gaisah  (GHA)Flag of Finland.svg  Tommi Evilä  (FIN)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Panama.svg  Irving Saladino  (PAN)Flag of Italy.svg  Andrew Howe  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)Flag of South Africa.svg  Godfrey Khotso Mokoena  (RSA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mitchell Watt  (AUS)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mitchell Watt  (AUS)Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Ngonidzashe Makusha  (ZIM)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksandr Menkov  (RUS)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Ignisious Gaisah  (NED)Flag of Mexico.svg  Luis Rivera  (MEX)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Greg Rutherford  (GBR)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Fabrice Lapierre  (AUS)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Wang Jianan  (CHN)
2017 London
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Luvo Manyonga  (RSA)Flag of the United States.svg  Jarrion Lawson  (USA)Flag of South Africa.svg  Ruswahl Samaai  (RSA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Tajay Gayle  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Henderson  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Juan Miguel Echevarría  (CUB)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Daute  (GDR)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Anișoara Cușmir  (ROM)Flag of the United States.svg  Carol Lewis  (USA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jackie Joyner-Kersee  (USA)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yelena Belevskaya  (URS)Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Jackie Joyner-Kersee  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GER)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Larysa Berezhna  (URS)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GER)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Larysa Berezhna  (UKR)Flag of Denmark.svg  Renata Nielsen  (DEN)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Fiona May  (ITA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Niurka Montalvo  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Mushailova  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Lyudmila Galkina  (RUS)Flag of Greece.svg  Niki Xanthou  (GRE)Flag of Italy.svg  Fiona May  (ITA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of Spain.svg  Niurka Montalvo  (ESP)Flag of Italy.svg  Fiona May  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  Marion Jones  (USA)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Fiona May  (ITA)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of Spain.svg  Niurka Montalvo  (ESP)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of France.svg  Eunice Barber  (FRA)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of India.svg  Anju Bobby George  (IND)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tianna Madison  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Eunice Barber  (FRA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Yargelis Savigne  (CUB)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Lyudmila Kolchanova  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Turkey.svg  Karin Melis Mey  (TUR)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Olga Kucherenko  (RUS)Flag of Latvia.svg  Ineta Radēviča  (LAT)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Blessing Okagbare  (NGA)Flag of Serbia.svg  Ivana Španović  (SRB)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tianna Bartoletta  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Shara Proctor  (GBR)Flag of Serbia.svg  Ivana Španović  (SRB)
2017 London
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)ANA flag (2017).svg  Darya Klishina  (ANA)Flag of the United States.svg  Tianna Bartoletta  (USA)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Malaika Mihambo  (GER)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Maryna Bekh-Romanchuk  (UKR)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Ese Brume  (NGR)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Jan Leitner  (TCH)Flag of Hungary.svg  Gyula Pálóczi  (HUN)Flag of Italy.svg  Giovanni Evangelisti  (ITA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Larry Myricks  (USA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Paul Emordi  (NGR)Flag of Italy.svg  Giovanni Evangelisti  (ITA)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Larry Myricks  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Dietmar Haaf  (FRG)Flag of the United States.svg  Mike Conley  (USA)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Dietmar Haaf  (GER)Flag of Cuba.svg  Jaime Jefferson  (CUB)Flag of Italy.svg  Giovanni Evangelisti  (ITA)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of the United States.svg  Joe Greene  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Jaime Jefferson  (CUB)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of Sweden.svg  Mattias Sunneborn  (SWE)Flag of the United States.svg  Erick Walder  (USA)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of Russia.svg  Kirill Sosunov  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Joe Greene  (USA)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of Spain.svg  Yago Lamela  (ESP)Flag of the United States.svg  Erick Walder  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván Pedroso  (CUB)Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Kareem Streete-Thompson  (CAY)Flag of Portugal.svg  Carlos Calado  (POR)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dwight Phillips  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Yago Lamela  (ESP)Flag of the United States.svg  Miguel Pate  (USA)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Savanté Stringfellow  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  James Beckford  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Vitaliy Shkurlatov  (RUS)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ignisious Gaisah  (GHA)Flag of Panama.svg  Irving Saladino  (PAN)Flag of Italy.svg  Andrew Howe  (ITA)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of South Africa.svg  Godfrey Khotso Mokoena  (RSA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Chris Tomlinson  (GBR)Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Mohammed Al-Khuwalidi  (KSA)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Fabrice Lapierre  (AUS)Flag of South Africa.svg  Godfrey Khotso Mokoena  (RSA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Mitchell Watt  (AUS)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Mauro Vinícius da Silva  (BRA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Henry Frayne  (AUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Aleksandr Menkov  (RUS)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Mauro Vinícius da Silva  (BRA)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Li Jinzhe  (CHN)Flag of Sweden.svg  Michel Tornéus  (SWE)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Marquis Dendy  (USA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Fabrice Lapierre  (AUS)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Huang Changzhou  (CHN)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of Cuba.svg  Juan Miguel Echevarría  (CUB)Flag of South Africa.svg  Luvo Manyonga  (RSA)Flag of the United States.svg  Marquis Dendy  (USA)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of East Germany.svg  Helga Radtke  (GDR)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Rodionova  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Nijolė Medvedeva  (URS)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GDR)Flag of East Germany.svg  Helga Radtke  (GDR)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yelena Belevskaya  (URS)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Galina Chistyakova  (URS)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Marieta Ilcu  (ROU)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Larysa Berezhna  (URS)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Larysa Berezhna  (URS)Flag of Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GER)Flag of Romania.svg  Marieta Ilcu  (ROU)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Romania.svg  Marieta Ilcu  (ROU)Flag of Germany.svg  Susen Tiedtke  (GER)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Lyudmila Galkina  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Mushailova  (RUS)Flag of Germany.svg  Susen Tiedtke-Greene  (GER)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Fiona May  (ITA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Chioma Ajunwa  (NGR)Flag of Poland.svg  Agata Karczmarek  (POL)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Shana Williams  (USA)Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Iva Prandzheva  (BUL)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Dawn Burrell  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of Spain.svg  Niurka Montalvo  (ESP)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of Ukraine.svg  Inessa Kravets  (UKR)Flag of Brazil.svg  Maurren Maggi  (BRA)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Lebedeva  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of Sweden.svg  Carolina Klüft  (SWE)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Tatyana Kotova  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Tianna Madison  (USA)Flag of Portugal.svg  Naide Gomes  (POR)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Portugal.svg  Naide Gomes  (POR)Flag of Brazil.svg  Maurren Maggi  (BRA)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Simagina  (RUS)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of Portugal.svg  Naide Gomes  (POR)Flag of Brazil.svg  Keila Costa  (BRA)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Janay DeLoach  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Shara Proctor  (GBR)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of France.svg  Éloyse Lesueur  (FRA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Katarina Johnson-Thompson  (GBR)Flag of Serbia.svg  Ivana Španović  (SRB)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of Serbia.svg  Ivana Španović  (SRB)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Lorraine Ugen  (GBR)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of Serbia.svg  Ivana Španović  (SRB)Flag of the United States.svg  Brittney Reese  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Sosthene Moguenara  (GER)

Season's bests

Continental records

AreaMenWomen
Mark (m)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationMark (m)Wind (m/s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )8.65 [A] +1.3 Luvo Manyonga Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 7.12+0.9 Chioma Ajunwa Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Asia ( records )8.48+0.6 Mohammed Al-Khuwalidi Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 7.01+1.4 Weili Yao Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Europe ( records )8.86+1.9 Robert Emmiyan Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 7.52 WR +1.4 Galina Chistyakova Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
8.95 WR +0.3 Mike Powell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 7.49+1.3 Jackie Joyner-Kersee Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Oceania ( records )8.54+1.7 Mitchell Watt Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 7.05+2.0 Brooke Stratton Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
South America ( records )8.73+1.2 Irving Saladino Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 7.26 [A] +1.8 Maurren Higa Maggi Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

National records

Men

Outdoor NR's equal or superior to 8.00 m:

NationDistanceAthleteDateLocation
Flag of the United States.svg United States8.95 m (29 ft 4 14 in) Mike Powell 30 August 1991 Tokyo
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union/
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia
8.86 m (29 ft 34 in) A Robert Emmiyan 22 May 1987 Tsakhkadzor
Flag of Panama.svg Panama8.73 m (28 ft 7 12 in) Irving Saladino 24 May 2008 Hengelo
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba8.71 m (28 ft 6 34 in) Iván Pedroso 18 July 1995 Salamanca
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica8.69 m (28 ft 6 in) Tajay Gayle 28 September 2019 Doha
Flag of Greece.svg Greece8.66 m (28 ft 4 34 in) Louis Tsatoumas 2 June 2007 Kalamata
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa8.65 m (28 ft 4 12 in) A Luvo Manyonga 22 April 2017 Potchefstroom
Flag of Spain.svg Spain8.56 m (28 ft 1 in) Yago Lamela 24 June 1999 Turin
Flag of Russia.svg Russia8.56 m (28 ft 1 in) Aleksandr Menkov 16 August 2013 Moscow
Flag of East Germany.svg East Germany/
Flag of Germany.svg Germany
8.54 m (28 ft 0 in) Lutz Dombrowski 28 July 1980 Moscow
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia8.54 m (28 ft 0 in) Mitchell Watt 29 July 2011 Stockholm
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom8.51 m (27 ft 11 in) Greg Rutherford 24 April 2014 Chula Vista
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia8.48 m (27 ft 9 34 in) Mohamed Salman Al-Khuwalidi 2 July 2006 Sotteville-lès-Rouen
Flag of Italy.svg Italy8.47 m (27 ft 9 14 in) Andrew Howe 30 August 2007 Osaka
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China8.47 m (27 ft 9 14 in) Li Jinzhe 29 June 2014 Bad Langensalza
8.47 m (27 ft 9 14 in) A Wang Jianan 16 June 2018 Guiyang
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal8.46 m (27 ft 9 in) Cheikh Tidiane Touré 15 June 1997 Bad Langensalza
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico8.46 m (27 ft 9 in) Luis Rivera 12 July 2013 Kazan
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia/
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia
8.45 m (27 ft 8 12 in) Nenad Stekić 25 July 1975 Montreal
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden8.44 m (27 ft 8 14 in) A Michel Tornéus 10 July 2016 Monachil
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana8.43 m (27 ft 7 34 in) Ignisious Gaisah 14 July 2006 Rome
Flag of France.svg France8.42 m (27 ft 7 14 in) Salim Sdiri 12 June 2009 Pierre-Bénite
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas8.41 m (27 ft 7 in) Craig Hepburn 17 June 1993 Nassau
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil8.40 m (27 ft 6 12 in) Douglas de Souza 15 February 1995 São Paulo
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia8.40 m (27 ft 6 12 in) Gregor Cankar 18 May 1997 Celje
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco8.40 m (27 ft 6 12 in) Yahya Berrabah 2 October 2009 Beirut
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe8.40 m (27 ft 6 12 in) Ngonidzashe Makusha 9 June 2011 Des Moines
Flag of Japan.svg Japan8.40 m (27 ft 6 12 in) Shotaro Shiroyama 17 August 2019 Fukui
Flag of Romania.svg Romania8.37 m (27 ft 5 12 in) Bogdan Tudor 9 July 1995 Bad Cannstatt
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal8.36 m (27 ft 5 in) Carlos Calado 20 June 1997 Lisbon
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine8.35 m (27 ft 4 12 in) Sergey Layevskiy 16 July 1988 Dnipropetrovsk
Roman Shchurenko 25 July 2000 Kiev
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg Chinese Taipei8.34 m (27 ft 4 14 in) Nai Huei-Fang 14 May 1993 Shanghai
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela8.34 m (27 ft 4 14 in) A Víctor Castillo 30 May 2004 Cochabamba
Flag of Bermuda.svg Bermuda8.34 m (27 ft 4 14 in) Tyrone Smith 5 May 2017 Houston
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria8.33 m (27 ft 3 34 in) Ivaylo Mladenov 3 June 1995 Seville
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus8.33 m (27 ft 3 34 in) A Aleksandr Glovatskiy 7 August 1996 Sestriere
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt8.31 m (27 ft 3 in) Hassine Hatem Moursal 30 June 1999 Oslo
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands8.31 m (27 ft 3 in) Kareem Streete-Thompson 1 July 2000 Bad Langensalza
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic8.31 m (27 ft 3 in) Radek Juška 27 August 2017 Taipei City
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary8.30 m (27 ft 2 34 in) László Szalma 7 July 1985 Budapest
Flag of Austria.svg Austria8.30 m (27 ft 2 34 in) Andreas Steiner 4 June 1988 Innsbruck
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands8.29 m (27 ft 2 14 in) Ignisious Gaisah 16 August 2013 Moscow
Flag of Poland.svg Poland8.28 m (27 ft 1 34 in) A Grzegorz Marciniszyn 14 July 2001 Mals
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius8.28 m (27 ft 1 34 in) Jonathan Chimier 24 August 2004 Athens
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria8.27 m (27 ft 1 12 in) Yusuf Alli 8 August 1989 Lagos
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland8.27 m (27 ft 1 12 in) Julien Fivaz 2 August 2003 Ebensee
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana8.27 m (27 ft 1 12 in) Gable Garenamotse 20 August 2006 Rhede
Flag of Finland.svg Finland8.27 m (27 ft 1 12 in) Kristian Pulli 11 June 2020 Espoo
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria8.26 m (27 ft 1 in) Issam Nima 28 July 2007 Zaragoza
Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay8.26 m (27 ft 1 in) A Emiliano Lasa 5 June 2018 Cochabamba
Flag of Moldova.svg Republic of Moldova8.25 m (27 ft 34 in) Sergey Podgainiy 18 August 1990 Chişinău
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium8.25 m (27 ft 34 in) Erik Nys 6 July 1996 Hechtel
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark8.25 m (27 ft 34 in) Morten Jensen 3 July 2005 Gothenburg
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago8.25 m (27 ft 34 in) A Andwuelle Wright 5 July 2019 Queretaro
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia8.24 m (27 ft 14 in) A Stephan Louw 12 January 2008 Germiston
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia8.23 m (27 ft 0 in) Siniša Ergotić 5 June 2002 Zagreb
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea8.22 m (26 ft 11 12 in) Kim Deok-hyeon 10 June 2016 Ried
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada8.20 m (26 ft 10 34 in) Edrick Floréal 20 July 1991 Sherbrooke
Flag of India.svg India8.20 m (26 ft 10 34 in) Murali Sreeshankar 27 September 2018 Bhubaneshwar
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico8.19 m (26 ft 10 14 in) A Elmer Williams 11 August 1989 Bogotá
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan8.18 m (26 ft 10 in) Vasiliy Sokov 5 July 1988 Tallinn
Flag of Iran.svg Iran8.17 m (26 ft 9 12 in) Mohammad Arzandeh 7 July 2012 Tehran
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan8.16 m (26 ft 9 14 in) Shamil Abbyasov 2 August 1981 Leningrad
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan8.16 m (26 ft 9 14 in) Sergey Vasilenko 18 June 1988 Alma Ata
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador8.16 m (26 ft 9 14 in) A Hugo Chila 23 November 2009 Sucre
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania8.15 m (26 ft 8 34 in) Povilas Mykolaitis 4 June 2011 Kaunas
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka8.15 m (26 ft 8 34 in) W. P. Amila Jayasiri 16 August 2016 Diyagama
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar8.13 m (26 ft 8 in) Abdulrahman Faraj Al-Nubi 21 September 2003 Manila
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya8.12 m (26 ft 7 12 in) A Jacob Katonon 23 September 1995 Johannesburg
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia8.12 m (26 ft 7 12 in) Boleslav Skhirtladze 30 May 2012 Tel Aviv
Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong8.12 m (26 ft 7 12 in) Chan Ming Tai 7 May 2016 Hong Kong
Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana8.12 m (26 ft 7 12 in) Emanuel Archibald 11 May 2019 Kingston
Flag of Albania.svg Albania8.11 m (26 ft 7 14 in) Izmir Smajlaj 22 June 2019 Shkodër
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan8.10 m (26 ft 6 34 in) Aleksandr Pototskiy 4 June 1992 Bryansk
Konstantin Sarnatskiy 11 October 1994 Hiroshima
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia8.10 m (26 ft 6 34 in) Erki Nool 27 May 1995 Götzis
Flag of Peru.svg Peru8.10 m (26 ft 6 34 in) A Jorge McFarlane 23 November 2009 Sucre
Flag of Norway.svg Norway8.10 m (26 ft 6 34 in)