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|Formerly||Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives|
|No. of teams||14 + 2 affiliate members (2 future members in 2024)|
|Official website|| bigten|
The Big Ten Conference (stylized B1G, formerly the Western Conference and the Big Nine Conference) is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. Founded as the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives in 1896, it predates the founding of its regulating organization, the NCAA. It is based in the Chicago area in Rosemont, Illinois. For many decades the conference consisted of 10 universities. As of 2014 [update] , it consists of 14 member institutions and 2 affiliate institutions, with 2 new member institutions scheduled to join in 2024.   The conference competes in the NCAA Division I and its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport.
Big Ten member institutions are major research universities with large financial endowments and strong academic reputations. A large student body is a hallmark of its universities, as 12 of the 14 members enroll more than 30,000 students. They are all state public universities except founding member Northwestern University as the lone private university, but will be joined by private University of Southern California at the beginning of the 2024–25 collegiate athletic year. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni.  The members engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year;  13 out of 14 are members of the Association of American Universities (University of Nebraska is the exception) and all are members of the Universities Research Association (URA). All Big Ten universities are also members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, formerly the Committee on Institutional Cooperation. 
Though the Big Ten existed for nearly a century based in the Midwest, since 2014 the conference's geographic footprint stretches from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Plains and in 2024 will extend to the Pacific Ocean. The conference has maintained its historic name while expanding to 14 members and 2 affiliate members. 
|Indiana University Bloomington||Bloomington, Indiana||1820||1899 [lower-alpha 1]||Public||42,552||$3,317||Hoosiers|
|University of Maryland, College Park||College Park, Maryland||1856||2014||Public (land-grant)||40,709||$1,993||Terrapins|
|University of Michigan||Ann Arbor, Michigan||1817||1896,|
1917 [lower-alpha 2]
|Michigan State University||East Lansing, Michigan||1855||1950 [lower-alpha 3]||Public (land-grant)||49,695||$3,926||Spartans|
|Ohio State University||Columbus, Ohio||1870||1912||61,369||$6,814||Buckeyes|
|Pennsylvania State University||University Park, Pennsylvania||1855||1990 [lower-alpha 4]||45,901||$4,613||Nittany Lions|
|Rutgers University–New Brunswick||New Brunswick–Piscataway, New Jersey||1766||2014||50,411||$2,000||Scarlet Knights|
|University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign||Urbana-Champaign, Illinois||1867||1896||Public (land-grant)||52,331||$3,380||Fighting Illini|
|University of Iowa||Iowa City, Iowa||1847||1899 [lower-alpha 5]||Public||30,448||$3,137||Hawkeyes|
|University of Minnesota, Twin Cities||Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota||1851||1896||Public (land-grant)||52,017||$5,443||Golden Gophers|
|University of Nebraska–Lincoln||Lincoln, Nebraska||1869||2011||25,057||$2,310||Cornhuskers|
|Northwestern University||Evanston, Illinois||1851||1896||Private not-for-profit (non-sectarian)||22,316||$14,958||Wildcats|
|Purdue University||West Lafayette, Indiana||1869||Public (land-grant)||45,869||$3,584||Boilermakers|
|University of Wisconsin–Madison||Madison, Wisconsin||1848||47,935||$3,981||Badgers|
On June 30, 2022, the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and the University of Southern California (USC) announced plans to withdraw from the Pac-12 Conference to join the Big Ten in 2024 as full members.  
|University of California, Los Angeles||Los Angeles, California||1919||2024||Public (land-grant)||45,900||$3,892||Bruins||Pac-12|
|University of Southern California||1880||Private not-for-profit (non-sectarian)||49,500||$8,120||Trojans|
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Type||Enrollment||Nickname||Colors||Big Ten sport(s)||Primary conference|
|Johns Hopkins University||Baltimore, Maryland||1876||2014–15||Private not-for-profit (Non-sectarian)||29,094||Blue Jays||men's lacrosse [lower-alpha 1]||Centennial (NCAA D-III)|
|women's lacrosse [lower-alpha 2]|
|University of Notre Dame||Notre Dame, Indiana||1842||2017–18||Private not-for-profit (Catholic)||12,472||Fighting Irish||men's ice hockey||ACC|
|University of Chicago||Chicago, Illinois||1890||1896||1946 [lower-alpha 2]||Private not-for-profit (Non-sectarian)||17,470||Maroons||UAA (NCAA D-III)|
Full membersFull members (non-football)Sport affiliateOther conferenceOther conference
The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 men's and 14 women's NCAA sanctioned sports. 
|Swimming & diving||10||13|
|Track and field (indoor)||12||13|
|Track and field (outdoor)||13||13|
|School||Baseball||Basketball||Cross Country||Football||Golf||Gymnastics||Ice hockey||Lacrosse||Soccer||Swimming|
|Tennis||Track & field|
|Track & field|
* Notre Dame joined the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in men's ice hockey.  It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent.
° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in men's lacrosse, with women's lacrosse following in 2016. It continues to field its other sports in the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference. 
|School||Fencing [lower-alpha 1]||Lightweight|
rowing [lower-alpha 2]
|Pistol [lower-alpha 3]||Rifle [lower-alpha 4]||Rowing [lower-alpha 2]||Volleyball||Water polo|
|Tennis||Track & field|
|Track & field|
|Totals||14||14||9||14||10||6+1 [c 1]||8||14||14||12||14||13||13||14||172+1|
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by the Big Ten Conference that are played by Big Ten schools
|School||Bowling||Fencing [lower-alpha 1]||Ice|
rowing [lower-alpha 2]
|Pistol [lower-alpha 3]||Rifle [lower-alpha 4]||Synchronized|
swimming [lower-alpha 5]
|Wrestling [lower-alpha 6]|
|UCLA||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||MPSF||Pac-12 [lower-alpha 8]||N|
|USC||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||MPSF||Pac-12 [lower-alpha 8]||N|
In an initiative led by Purdue University president James Henry Smart,  he and the presidents of the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin, Northwestern University, and Lake Forest College met in Chicago on January 11, 1895, to discuss the regulation and control of intercollegiate athletics. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the main topics of discussion.  The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a second meeting on February 8, 1896.  Lake Forest was not at the 1896 meeting and was replaced by the University of Michigan. At the time, the organization was more commonly known as the Western Conference, consisting of Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Chicago, Purdue, and Northwestern.
The first reference to the conference as the Big Nine was in 1899 after Iowa and Indiana had joined. Nebraska first petitioned to join the league in 1900 and again in 1911,  but was turned away both times. In April 1907, Michigan was voted out of the conference for refusing to adhere to league rules limiting football teams to no more than five games and players to three years of eligibility.  Ohio State was added to the conference in 1912. The first known references to the conference as the Big Ten were in December 1916, when Michigan rejoined the conference after a nine-year absence.  
The conference was again known as the Big Nine after the University of Chicago decided to de-emphasize varsity athletics just after World War II. In 1939 UChicago President Robert Maynard Hutchins made the decision to abolish the football program, based on his negative views of big-time college football’s excesses and associated problems of the time.  and withdrew from the conference in 1946 after struggling to obtain victories in many conference matchups. It was believed that one of several schools, notably Iowa State, Marquette, Michigan State, Nebraska, Notre Dame, and Pittsburgh would replace Chicago at the time.  On May 20, 1949,  Michigan State ended the speculation by joining and the conference was again known as the Big Ten. The Big Ten's membership would remain unchanged for the next 40 years. The conference's official name throughout this period remained the Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives. It did not formally adopt the name Big Ten until 1987, when it was incorporated as a not-for-profit corporation.
As intercollegiate football rapidly increased during the 1890s, so did the ruthless nature of the game. Tempers flared, fights erupted, and injuries soared. Between 1880 and 1905, college football players suffered more than 325 deaths and 1,149 injuries. To deal with mounting criticism of the game, President James H. Smart of Purdue University invited representatives from the University of Chicago, University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Minnesota, Northwestern University, and University of Wisconsin to a Chicago meeting to create policies aimed at regulating intercollegiate athletics. These schools were the original seven members. In 1899, Indiana University and the University of Iowa joined the conference to increase the membership to nine schools. Ohio State University joined in 1912 and Michigan State University joined in 1948. In 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the "Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives".  The conference is one of the nation's oldest, predating the founding of the NCAA by a decade and was one of the first collegiate conferences to sponsor men's basketball. The Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association was also established in 1895; its successor, the Southern Conference, eventually spawned the Southeastern Conference and the Atlantic Coast Conference.
In 1990, the Big Ten universities voted to expand the conference to 11 teams and extended an invitation to Atlantic 10 member and football independent Pennsylvania State University, which accepted it.  When Penn State joined in 1990, it was decided the conference would continue to be called the Big Ten, but its logo was modified to reflect the change; the number 11 was disguised in the negative space of the traditionally blue "Big Ten" lettering.
Missouri showed interest in Big Ten membership after Penn State joined.  Around 1993, the league explored adding Kansas, Missouri and Rutgers or other potential schools, to create a 14-team league with two football divisions.  These talks died when the Big Eight Conference merged with former Southwest Conference members to create the Big 12.
Following the addition of Penn State, efforts were made to encourage the University of Notre Dame, at that time the last remaining non-service academy independent, to join the league. In 1999, Notre Dame and the Big Ten entered into private negotiations concerning a possible membership that would include Notre Dame. Although Notre Dame's faculty senate endorsed the idea with a near-unanimous vote, the school's board of trustees decided against joining the conference.  (In 1926, Notre Dame had briefly considered official entry into the Big Ten but chose to retain its independent status.  ) Notre Dame subsequently joined the Atlantic Coast Conference in all sports except football, in which Notre Dame maintains its independent status as long as it plays at least five games per season against ACC opponents. This was believed to be the major stumbling block to Notre Dame joining the Big Ten, as Notre Dame wanted to retain its independent home game broadcasting contract with NBC Sports, while the Big Ten insisted upon a full membership with no special exemptions.
In December 2009, Big Ten Conference commissioner Jim Delany announced that the league was looking to expand in what would later be part of a nationwide trend as part of the 2010–2014 NCAA conference realignment.  On June 11, 2010, the University of Nebraska applied for membership in the Big Ten and was unanimously approved as the conference's 12th school, which became effective July 1, 2011.  The conference retained the name "Big Ten". This briefly led to the interesting and ironic result of the Big Ten consisting of twelve teams, and the Big 12 consisting of ten teams (with fellow former Big 12 member Colorado's move to the Pac-12 Conference).
On September 1, 2010, Delany revealed the conference's football divisional split, but noted that the division names would be announced later. Those division names, as well as the conference's new logo, were made public on December 13, 2010. For its new logo, the conference replaced the "hidden 11" logo with one that uses the "B1G" character combination in its branding. Delany did not comment on the logo that day, but it was immediately evident that the new logo would "allow fans to see 'BIG' and '10' in a single word." 
For the new football division names, the Big Ten was unable to use geographic names, because they had rejected a geographic arrangement. Delany announced that the new divisions would be known as the "Legends Division" and "Leaders Division". In the Legends division were Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Minnesota, Nebraska and Northwestern. The Leaders division was composed of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio State, Penn State, Purdue and Wisconsin. Conference officials stated they had focused on creating competitive fairness rather than splitting by geographical location.  However, the new "Legends" and "Leaders" divisions were not met with enthusiasm. Some traditional rivals, including Ohio State and Michigan, were placed in separate divisions. 
For the football season, each team played the others in its division, one "cross-over" rivalry game, and two rotating cross-divisional games. At the end of the regular season the two division winners met in a new Big Ten Football Championship Game.  The Legends and Leaders divisional alignment was in effect for the 2011, 2012 and 2013 football seasons.
On November 19, 2012, the University of Maryland's Board of Regents voted to withdraw from the ACC and join the Big Ten as its 13th member effective on July 1, 2014.  The Big Ten's Council of Presidents approved the move later that day.  One day later, Rutgers University of the Big East also accepted an offer for membership from the Big Ten as its 14th member school. 
On April 28, 2013, the Big Ten presidents and chancellors unanimously approved a football divisional realignment that went into effect when Maryland and Rutgers joined in 2014.  Under the new plan, the Legends and Leaders divisions were replaced with geographic divisions.  The West Division includes Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Northwestern, Purdue and Wisconsin (of which all but Purdue are in the Central Time Zone), while the East Division includes Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, Michigan State, Ohio State, Penn State and Rutgers (all of which are in the Eastern Time Zone). The final issue in determining the new divisions was which of the two Indiana schools would be sent to the West; Purdue was chosen because its West Lafayette campus is geographically west of Indiana's home city of Bloomington.  The divisional alignment permanently protected the cross-divisional football rivalry Indiana–Purdue.  As before, the two division winners play each other in the Big Ten Football Championship Game.
On June 3, 2013, the Big Ten announced the sponsorship of men's and women's lacrosse. For any conference to qualify for an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament, at least six member schools must play the sport. In women's lacrosse, the addition of Maryland and Rutgers to the Big Ten brought the conference up to the requisite six participants, joining programs at Michigan, Northwestern, Ohio State and Penn State.  In men's lacrosse, Ohio State and Penn State were the only existing participants. Coincident with the addition of Maryland and Rutgers, Michigan agreed to upgrade its successful club team to varsity status, giving the Big Ten five sponsoring schools, one short of the minimum six for an automatic bid. Johns Hopkins University opted to join the conference as its first affiliate member beginning in 2014. Johns Hopkins had been independent in men's lacrosse for 130 years, claiming 44 national championships.  As long-time independents joined conferences (for example, Syracuse joining the Atlantic Coast Conference), other schools competing as independents in some cases concluded that the inability to earn an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament was becoming a more serious competitive disadvantage in scheduling and recruiting.
On March 23, 2016, the Big Ten Conference and Notre Dame announced the Fighting Irish would become a men's ice hockey affiliate beginning with the 2017–18 season.  Notre Dame had been a member of Hockey East, and the move saves travel time and renews rivalries with former CCHA and WCHA members.
In 2013, the conference moved its headquarters from its location in Park Ridge, Illinois to neighboring Rosemont. The office building is situated within Rosemont's MB Financial Entertainment District, alongside Interstate 294.   
On June 30, 2022, UCLA and USC announced that they will be joining the Big Ten Conference effective August 2, 2024, enabling both schools to remain in the Pac-12 Conference for the duration of the Pac-12's existing media rights agreements.    
In August 2022, the conference reached new media rights deals with CBS, Fox, and NBC totaled at an estimated $7 billion.    
The office of the commissioner of athletics was created in 1922 "to study athletic problems of the various member universities and assist in enforcing the eligibility rules which govern Big Ten athletics." 
|John L. Griffith||1922–1944||died in office|
|Kenneth L. "Tug" Wilson||1945–1961||retired|
|William R. Reed||1961–1971||died in office|
|Kevin Warren||2020–2023||resigned to become president of the Chicago Bears|
All Big Ten members are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, formerly known as the Committee on Institutional Cooperation.    The University of Chicago, a former Big Ten Conference member, was a member of the CIC from 1958 to June 29, 2016.    
The schools below are listed by conference rank of total revenue. Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Surplus (or deficit) is calculated using the total revenue and total expenses data provided by USA Today , individual institutions and the United States Department of Education. 
|Institution||2019 Total Revenue|
from Athletics 
|2019 Total Expenses|
on Athletics 
|2019 Surplus/(Deficit)||2012 Average Spending|
per student-athlete 
|Ohio State University||$210,548,239||$223,605,396||($13,057,157)||$158,901|
|University of Michigan||$197,820,410||$196,616,430||$1,203,980||$133,488|
|Pennsylvania State University||$164,529,326||$160,369,805||$4,159,521||Not reported|
|University of Wisconsin–Madison||$157,660,107||$154,621,828||$3,038,279||$116,487|
|University of Iowa||$151,976,026||$147,632,275||$3,343,751||$154,592|
|Michigan State University||$140,010,865||$135,655,740||$4,355,125||$120,356|
|University of Nebraska–Lincoln||$136,233,460||$134,713,519||$1,529,941||$128,182|
|University of Minnesota||$130,456,454||$129,450,256||$1,006,198||$102,980|
|Indiana University Bloomington||$127,832,628||$114,822,135||$13,010,493||$110,102|
|University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign||$118,565,501||$120,168,951||($1,603,450)||$154,719|
|University of Maryland, College Park||$108,796,303||$108,785,924||$10,379||$113,706|
|Rutgers University–New Brunswick||$103,251,280||$103,167,344||$83,936||$104,638|
|Northwestern University||Not reported||Not reported||Not reported||Not reported|
In 2006, the conference formed a dedicated cable network, Big Ten Network, in partnership with Fox Sports. The network carries coverage of Big Ten athletics (including events not carried by the Big Ten's other media partners), studio shows, as well as other original programs and documentaries profiling the conference and its members.  Commissioner Jim Delany began to explore the formation of a Big Ten-specific channel in 2004 after a failed attempt to seek a significantly larger rights fee from ESPN to renew its existing agreements; the impact of Big Ten Network also influenced the conference's expansion in the 2010's, with some of its newer members being located in proximity to major media markets such as Baltimore and Washington, D.C. (Maryland) and the New York metropolitan area (Rutgers).  
On August 18, 2022, the Big Ten announced that it had reached seven-year broadcast rights deals with Fox, CBS, and for the first time, NBC Sports, beginning in the 2023–24 academic year, ending an association between the conference and ESPN dating back to the 1980s. A major goal for the new contracts was to establish specific broadcast windows for Big Ten football games across its three partners, with Fox, CBS, and NBC primarily holding rights to Noon ET, 3:30 p.m ET, and primetime games respectively.    The contracts were estimated to be worth at least $7 billion,   but also reportedly includes an "escalator clause" that will raise the value of the contracts if the Notre Dame Fighting Irish were to specifically join the Big Ten. 
The Big Ten Athlete of the Year award is given annually to the athletes voted as the top male and female athlete in the Big Ten Conference.
Big Ten Medal of Honor (annual; at each school; one male scholar-athlete and one female scholar-athlete) 
The NACDA Learfield Sports Directors' Cup is an annual award given by the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics to the U.S. colleges and universities with the most success in collegiate athletics. Big Ten universities typically finish ranked in the top-50 of the final Directors' Cup annual rankings.
|Illinois Fighting Illini||52||47||N/A||43||36||38||54||31||47||31||42|
|Michigan State Spartans||41||61||N/A||47||48||50||53||34||29||30||43|
|Minnesota Golden Gophers||28||28||N/A||20||19||30||18||26||21||22||24|
|Ohio State Buckeyes||4||9||N/A||12||6||2||2||7||25||16||9|
|Penn State Nittany Lions||43||39||N/A||13||10||7||20||8||5||6||17|
|Rutgers Scarlet Knights||48||60||N/A||82||103||113||83||104||91||120||89|
The Capital One Cup is an award given annually to the best men's and women's Division I college athletics programs in the United States. Points are earned throughout the year based on final standings of NCAA Championships and final coaches' poll rankings.
For Big Ten records, by sport (not including football), see footnote 
Totals are per NCAA annual list published every July  and NCAA-published gymnastics history,  with subsequent results as of June 30, 2021, obtained from NCAA.org , which provides intermittent updates throughout the year.
Excluded from this list are all national championships earned outside the scope of NCAA competition, including Division I FBS football titles, women's AIAW championships (17) and retroactive Helms Athletic Foundation titles.
Future conference members in grey.
|Institution||Total||Men's||Women's||Co-ed||Nickname||Most successful sport (Titles)|
|University of California, Los Angeles||120||76||44||0||Bruins||Men’s volleyball (19)|
|University of Southern California||111||85||26||0||Trojans||Men’s Outdoor Track and Field (26)|
|Pennsylvania State University||53||29||11||13||Nittany Lions||Fencing (14)|
|University of Michigan||39  ||36||3||0||Wolverines||Men's swimming (12) (plus 7 unofficial titles)|
|University of Maryland||32||9||23||0||Terrapins||Women's lacrosse (14)|
|Ohio State University||31||24||4||3||Buckeyes||Men's swimming (11)|
|University of Wisconsin||31||22||9||0||Badgers||Men's boxing (8) (including 4 unofficial titles)|
|University of Iowa||25||24||1||0||Hawkeyes||Men's wrestling (24)|
|Indiana University||24||24||0||0||Hoosiers||Men's soccer (8)|
|Michigan State University||20||19||1||0||Spartans||Men's cross country (8)|
|University of Minnesota||19||13||6||0||Golden Gophers||Women's ice hockey (6)|
|University of Nebraska||19||8||11||0||Cornhuskers||Men's gymnastics (8)|
|University of Illinois||18||18||0||0||Fighting Illini||Men's gymnastics (10)|
|Northwestern University||9||1||8||0||Wildcats||Women's lacrosse (7)|
|Purdue University||3||1||2||0||Boilermakers||Men's golf (1), Women's golf (1), Women's basketball (1)|
|Rutgers University||1||1||0||0||Scarlet Knights||Fencing (1)|
See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships and List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships
For Big Ten championships, by year, see footnote.  Totals do not include Big Ten tournament championships.
|Institution||# of |
|University of Chicago 7||73|
|University of Illinois||250|
|University of Iowa||117|
|University of Maryland 2||29|
|University of Michigan||409|
|Michigan State University||110|
|University of Minnesota||178|
|University of Nebraska 3||16|
|University of Notre Dame 4||1|
|Ohio State University||248|
|Pennsylvania State University 5||92|
|Rutgers University 6||3|
|Johns Hopkins University 1||1|
|University of Wisconsin||209|
|Men's cross country||Wisconsin (2022)||—|
|Women's cross country||Michigan State (2022)||—|
|Field hockey||Maryland & Penn State (2022)||Michigan (2022)|
|Men's soccer||Maryland (2022)||Rutgers (2022)|
|Women's soccer||Michigan State (2022)||Penn State (2022)|
|Women's volleyball||Wisconsin (2022)||—|
|Women's swimming and diving||Ohio State (2023)||—|
|Men's indoor track and field||Wisconsin (2023)||—|
|Women's indoor track and field||Michigan (2023)||—|
|Men's swimming and diving||Indiana (2023)||—|
|Women's basketball||Indiana (2023)||Iowa (2023)|
|Wrestling||‡ Penn State (2023)||Penn State (2023)|
|Men's basketball||Purdue (2023)||Purdue (2023)|
|Men's ice hockey||Minnesota (2023)||Michigan (2023)|
|Women’s ice hockey||Ohio State (2023)||Minnesota (2023)|
|Women's gymnastics||Michigan & Michigan State (2023)||Michigan (2023)|
|Men's gymnastics||Michigan (2023)||Michigan (2022)|
|Women's tennis||Ohio State (2022)||Michigan (2022)|
|Men's tennis||Ohio State (2022)||Michigan (2022)|
|Women's golf||Michigan (2022)||—|
|Men's golf||Illinois (2022)||—|
|Women's lacrosse||Maryland (2022)||Maryland (2022)|
|Men's lacrosse||‡ Maryland (2022)||Maryland (2022)|
|Softball||Northwestern (2022)||Nebraska (2022)|
|Men's outdoor track and field||Ohio State (2022)||—|
|Women's outdoor track and field||Ohio State (2022)||—|
|Women's rowing||Ohio State (2022)||—|
|Baseball||Maryland (2022)||Michigan (2022)|
‡ Denotes national champion
When Maryland and Rutgers joined the Big Ten in 2014, the division names were changed to "East" and "West", with Purdue and the six schools in the Central Time Zone in the West and Indiana joining the remaining six Eastern Time Zone schools in the East. The only protected cross-division game is Indiana–Purdue. Beginning in 2016, the Big Ten adopted a nine-game conference schedule.   All teams have one cross-division opponent they play annually that changes every six years except for Indiana and Purdue, whose crossover is permanent. The other six opponents are played every three years during that cycle. For 2016–2021, the pairings are Maryland-Minnesota, Michigan-Wisconsin, Michigan State-Northwestern, Ohio State-Nebraska, Penn State-Iowa, and Rutgers-Illinois, and for 2022-2027 the pairings are Maryland-Northwestern, Michigan-Nebraska, Michigan State-Minnesota, Ohio State-Wisconsin, Penn State-Illinois, and Rutgers-Iowa.  In 2016, the Big Ten no longer allowed its members to play Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) teams and also requires at least one non-conference game against a school in the Power Five conferences (ACC, Big 12, Pac-12, SEC). Contracts for future games already scheduled against FCS teams would be honored. However, in 2017, the Big Ten started to allow teams to schedule an FCS opponent during years in which they only have four conference home games (odd-numbered years for East division teams, even-numbered years for West division teams).  At the time this policy was first announced, games against FBS independents Notre Dame and BYU would automatically count toward the Power Five requirement.  ESPN, citing a Big Ten executive, reported in 2015 that the Big Ten would allow exceptions to the Power Five rule on a case-by-case basis, and also that the other FBS independent at that time, Army, had been added to the list of non-Power Five schools that would automatically be counted as Power Five opponents. 
This list goes through the 2022 season.
Future conference members in gray.
† Ohio State vacated 12 wins and its Big Ten title in 2010 due to NCAA sanctions.
†† Numbers of division and conference championships shown reflect Big Ten history only and do not include division and conference championships in former conferences. USC and UCLA join the Big Ten in 2024, Maryland and Rutgers joined in 2014, and Nebraska joined in 2011.
Number of Claimed National Championships, as well as win–loss–tie records, include all seasons played, regardless of conference membership.
Since 1946, the Big Ten champion has had a tie-in with the Rose Bowl game. Michigan appeared in the first bowl game, the 1902 Rose Bowl. After that, the Big Ten did not allow their schools to participate in bowl games, until the agreement struck with the Pacific Coast Conference for the 1947 Rose Bowl. From 1946 through 1971, the Big Ten did not allow the same team to represent the conference in consecutive years in the Rose Bowl with an exception made after the 1961 season in which Minnesota played in the 1962 Rose Bowl after playing in the 1961 Rose Bowl due to Ohio State declining the bid because of Ohio State faculty concerns about academics.
It was not until the 1975 season that the Big Ten allowed teams to play in bowl games other than the Rose Bowl. Michigan, which had been shut out of the postseason the previous three years, was the first beneficiary of the new rule when it played in the Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma. Due to the pre-1975 rules, Big Ten teams such as Michigan and Ohio State have lower numbers of all-time bowl appearances than powerhouse teams from the Big 12 Conference (previously Big Eight and Southwest Conferences) and Southeastern Conference, which always placed multiple teams in bowl games every year.
Since the 2020–21 season, a new slate of bowl game selections has included several new bowl games. 
|1||Rose Bowl*||Pasadena, California||Pac-12|
|2||Citrus Bowl or Orange Bowl^||Orlando, Florida or Miami Gardens, Florida||SEC or ACC|
|3||ReliaQuest Bowl ||Tampa, Florida||SEC|
|4||Las Vegas Bowl or Duke's Mayo Bowl†||Paradise, Nevada or Charlotte, North Carolina||Pac-12 or ACC|
|5||Music City Bowl ||Nashville, Tennessee||SEC|
|6||Pinstripe Bowl ||New York City||ACC|
|7||Guaranteed Rate Bowl ||Phoenix, Arizona||Big 12|
|8||San Francisco Bowl ||Santa Clara, California||Pac-12|
|9||Quick Lane Bowl ||Detroit, Michigan||MAC|
* If the conference champion is picked for the College Football Playoff in years the Rose Bowl does not host a semifinal, the next highest ranked team in the committee rankings, or runner up, shall take its place at the Rose Bowl.
^ The Big Ten, along with the SEC, will be eligible to face the ACC representative in the Orange Bowl at least three out of the eight seasons that it does not host a semifinal for the Playoff over a 12-year span. Notre Dame will be chosen the other two years if eligible.
† The Big Ten will switch between the Las Vegas Bowl and Duke's Mayo Bowl on odd and even years, respectively.
Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the win–loss records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after CFP selections; the bowl with the #2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.
For all non-College Football Playoff partners, the bowl partner will request a Big Ten team. The Big Ten will approve or assign another team based on internal selection parameters.
When not hosting a semifinal, the Orange Bowl will select the highest-ranked team from the Big Ten, SEC or Notre Dame to face an ACC opponent. (However, in an 8-game cycle [12 years due to not counting when the Orange Bowl is a semifinal], the Big Ten must be selected at least three times and no more than four times; the SEC similarly will be selected between three and four times while Notre Dame may be selected up to two times.)  The Big Ten Champion cannot play in the Orange Bowl. If a Big Ten team is not selected by the Orange Bowl, the Citrus Bowl will submit a request for a Big Ten team.
Guaranteed compensation is due to the coaches regardless of performance. Though most of the pay is directed from the university, some also comes in the form of guaranteed endorsements and other income streams. Most coaches also have performance-based bonuses that can significantly raise their salaries. 
Two Big Ten member schools—Northwestern, a private institution, and Penn State, exempt from most open records laws due to its status as what Pennsylvania calls a "state-related" institution—are not obligated to provide salary information for their head coaches, but choose to do so.
|Conf. Rank||Institution||Head coach||2023 guaranteed pay|
|T-1||Michigan State University||Mel Tucker||$9,500,000|
|T-1||Ohio State University||Ryan Day||$9,500,000|
|3||University of Nebraska–Lincoln||Matt Rhule||$7,800,000|
|T-4||University of Wisconsin–Madison||Luke Fickell||$7,500,000|
|T-4||Pennsylvania State University||James Franklin||$7,500,000|
|6||University of Michigan||Jim Harbaugh||$7,050,000|
|7||University of Iowa||Kirk Ferentz||$7,000,000|
|8||University of Illinois Urbana–Champaign||Bret Bielema||$6,000,000|
|9||Northwestern University||Pat Fitzgerald||$5,748,000|
|10||University of Minnesota||P. J. Fleck||$5,100,000|
|11||Indiana University Bloomington||Tom Allen||$4,700,000|
|12||Purdue University||Ryan Walters||$4,100,000|
|T-13||Rutgers University–New Brunswick||Greg Schiano||$4,000,000|
|T-13||University of Maryland, College Park||Mike Locksley||$4,000,000|
All Big Ten member schools have marching bands which perform regularly during the football season. Ten of the member schools, as well as future member UCLA, have won the Sudler Trophy,  generally considered the most prestigious honor a collegiate marching band can receive.  The first three Sudler trophies were awarded to Big Ten marching bands—Michigan (1982), Illinois (1983) and Ohio State (1984).  The Big Ten has more Sudler Trophy recipients than any other collegiate athletic conference. 
Coaches and media of the Big Ten Conference award individual honors at the end of each football season.
The Big Ten has participated in basketball since 1904, and has led the nation in attendance every season since 1978.  It has been a national powerhouse in men's basketball, having multiple championship winners and often sending four or more teams to the NCAA men's basketball tournament. Previous NCAA champions include Indiana with five titles, Michigan State with two, and Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio State with one each. Maryland, which joined the Big Ten in 2014, won one NCAA championship as a member of the ACC.   Ohio State played in the first NCAA tournament national championship game in 1939, losing to Oregon. Despite this, Jimmy Hull of Ohio State was the first NCAA tournament MVP. The first three tournament MVPs came from the Big Ten (Marv Huffman of Indiana in 1940 and John Katz of Wisconsin in 1941).
Big Ten teams have also experienced success in the postseason NIT. Since 1974, 13 Big Ten teams have played in the championship game, winning nine championships. Michigan, Ohio State, Penn State, and Minnesota have won two NIT championships, while Indiana and Purdue have won one each. Two other members, Maryland and Nebraska, won NIT titles before they joined the Big Ten. In addition, in 1943 the defunct Helms Athletic Foundation retrospectively awarded national titles to Northwestern for 1931 and Purdue for 1932; then in 1957, it selected Illinois for 1915, Minnesota for 1902 and 1919, and Wisconsin for 1912, 1914 and 1916.  Former member Chicago won a post-season national championship series in 1908.
Since 1999, the Big Ten has taken part in the ACC–Big Ten Challenge with the Atlantic Coast Conference. The ACC holds an 11–5–2 record against the Big Ten; Minnesota, Nebraska, Penn State, Purdue, and Wisconsin are the only Big Ten schools without losing records in the challenge.
This list is updated through March 1, 2022 and is listed by win percentage in NCAA Division I men's college basketball.
Future members in gray.
† Minnesota vacated its 1997 Big Ten Conference regular season title, Michigan vacated its 1998 Big Ten tournament title, and Ohio State vacated its 2002 Big Ten tournament, as well as 2000 and 2002 regular season titles, due to NCAA sanctions. Minnesota was the champion for both the Premo-Porretta Power Poll and the Helms Athletic Foundation in 1902, but was only the Premo-Porretta champion in 1903 and only the Helms champion in 1919.
Big Ten Conference basketball programs have combined to win 10 NCAA men's basketball championships as Big Ten members, with another member having won a national championship before joining the conference. Indiana has won five, Michigan State has won two, while Michigan, Ohio State and Wisconsin have won one national championship each as Big Ten members. Maryland won one national championship while a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. Future member UCLA has won 11 national championships, matching the total of all existing Big Ten members. Eleven teams have advanced to the Final Four at least once in their history, as have both future members. Nine Big Ten schools (Indiana, Michigan State, Illinois, Purdue, Ohio State, Maryland, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin) plus future member UCLA are among the national top-50 in all-time NCAA tournament appearances.
|School||Men's NCAA Championships||Men's NCAA|
|Men's NCAA tournament appearances|
(1949, 1951, 1952, 1989, 2005)
(1942, 1949, 1951, 1952, 1963, 1984, 1989, 2001, 2005)
(1951, 1952, 1963, 1981, 1984, 1985, 1989, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005)
(1942, 1949, 1951–52, 1963, 1981, 1983–90, 1993–95, 1997, 1998, 2000–07, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2021, 2022, 2023)
(1940, 1953, 1976, 1981, 1987)
(1940, 1953, 1973, 1976, 1981, 1987, 1992, 2002)
(1940, 1953, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1987, 1992, 1993, 2002)
(1953, 1954, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1989, 1991–94, 2002, 2012, 2013, 2016)
(1940, 1953, 1954, 1958, 1967, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1980–84, 1986–2003, 2006–08, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2022, 2023)
(1955, 1956, 1980)
(1955, 1956, 1980, 1987)
(1955, 1956, 1970, 1980, 1983, 1987, 1988, 1999)
(1955, 1956, 1970, 1979–83, 1985–89, 1991–93, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2014–16, 2019, 2021, 2022, 2023)
(1973, 1975, 2001, 2002)
(1958, 1973, 1975, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2001–03, 2016)
(1958, 1973, 1975, 1980, 1981, 1983–86, 1994–2004, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2015–17, 2019, 2021, 2023)
(1964, 1965, 1976, 1989, 2013, 2018)
(1948, 1964–66, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2013, 2014, 2018, 2021)
(1964–66, 1974, 1976–77, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 2013, 2014, 2017–19, 2021, 2022)
(1948, 1964–66, 1974–77, 1985–90, 1992, 1994, 1995, 2009, 2011–14, 2016–19, 2021, 2022)
(1957, 1979, 1999–01, 2005, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2019)
(1957, 1959, 1978, 1979, 1999–01, 2003, 2005, 2009, 2010, 2014, 2015, 2019)
(1957, 1959, 1978, 1979, 1986, 1990, 1998–2001, 2003, 2005, 2008–10, 2012–15, 2019, 2023)
(1957, 1959, 1978, 1979, 1985, 1986, 1990–92, 1994, 1995, 1998–2019, 2021, 2022, 2023)
(1982, 1989, 1990)
(1982, 1989, 1990, 1999, 2005, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2017, 2019)
(1986, 1991–94, 1998, 2014)
(1939, 1944–46, 1960–62, 1968, 2007, 2012)
(1939, 1944–46, 1950, 1960–62, 1968, 1971, 1992, 2007, 2012, 2013)
(1960–62, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1983, 1991, 1992, 2007, 2010–13)
(1939, 1944–46, 1950, 1960–62, 1968, 1971, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1990–92, 2006, 2007, 2009–15, 2018, 2019, 2021, 2022)
(1952, 1954, 1955, 2001)
(1942, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1965, 1991, 1996, 2001, 2011, 2023)
(1969, 1980, 1994, 2000, 2019)
(1969, 1980, 1988, 1994, 1998–2000, 2009, 2010, 2017–19, 2022)
(1969, 1977, 1980, 1983–88, 1990, 1991, 1993–95, 1997–2000, 2003, 2007–12, 2015–19, 2021, 2022, 2023)
(1975, 1976, 1979, 1983, 1989, 1991, 2021, 2022)
(1964–1965, 1967–1973, 1975, 1995)
(1962, 1964–1965, 1967–1976, 1976, 1980*, 1995, 2006–2008, 2021)
(1950, 1962, 1964–1965, 1967–1976, 1979–1980*, 1992, 1995, 1997, 2006–2008, 2021)
(1952, 1956, 1962–1965, 1967–1980*, 1990, 1992, 1995, 1997–1998, 2000–2002, 2006–2008, 2014–2015, 2017, 2021–2022)
(1950, 1952, 1956, 1962–1965, 1967–1981, 1983, 1987, 1989–2002, 2005–2009, 2011, 2013–2015 , 2017–2018, 2021–2022, 2023)
(1940, 1954, 2001, 2021)
(1954, 1961, 2001, 2007*, 2021)
(1940, 1954, 1960–1961, 1979, 1982, 1985, 1991–1992, 1997, 2001–2002, 2007*–2009, 2011, 2016–2017, 2021–2022, 2023)
(1941, 2000, 2014, 2015)
(1941, 1947, 2000, 2005, 2014, 2015)
(2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2012, 2014–17)
(1941, 1947, 1994, 1997, 1999–2017, 2019, 2021, 2022)
Seasons are listed by the calendar years in which they ended. Italics indicate honors earned before the school competed in the Big Ten.
† denotes overtime games. Multiple †'s indicate more than one overtime.
|Year||Champion||Runner-up||Venue and city|
|1939||Oregon||46||Ohio State||33||Patten Gymnasium||Evanston, Illinois|
|1940||Indiana||60||Kansas||42||Municipal Auditorium||Kansas City, Missouri|
|1941||Wisconsin||39||Washington State||34||Municipal Auditorium||Kansas City, Missouri (2)|
|1953||Indiana (2)||69||Kansas||68||Municipal Auditorium||Kansas City, Missouri (4)|
|1956||San Francisco (2)||83||Iowa||71||McGaw Hall||Evanston, Illinois (2)|
|1960||Ohio State||75||California||55||Cow Palace||Daly City, California|
|1961†||Cincinnati||70||Ohio State||65||Municipal Auditorium||Kansas City, Missouri (8)|
|1962||Cincinnati (2)||71||Ohio State||59||Freedom Hall||Louisville, Kentucky (3)|
|1965||UCLA (2)||91||Michigan||80||Memorial Coliseum||Portland, Oregon|
|1969||UCLA (5)||92||Purdue||72||Freedom Hall||Louisville, Kentucky (6)|
|1976||Indiana (3)||86||Michigan||68||The Spectrum||Philadelphia|
|1979||Michigan State||75||Indiana State||64||Special Events Center||Salt Lake City|
|1981||Indiana (4)||63||North Carolina||50||Spectrum||Philadelphia (2)|
|1987||Indiana (5)||74||Syracuse||73||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans (2)|
|1989†||Michigan||80||Seton Hall||79||Kingdome||Seattle (4)|
|1992||Duke (2)||71||Michigan [a 1]||51||Metrodome||Minneapolis|
|1993||North Carolina (3)||77||Michigan [a 1]||71||Louisiana Superdome||New Orleans (3)|
|2000||Michigan State (2)||89||Florida||76||RCA Dome||Indianapolis (4)|
|2002||Maryland||64||Indiana||52||Georgia Dome||Atlanta (2)|
|2005||North Carolina (4)||75||Illinois||70||Edward Jones Dome||St. Louis (3)|
|2007||Florida (2)||84||Ohio State||75||Georgia Dome||Atlanta (3)|
|2009||North Carolina (5)||89||Michigan State||72||Ford Field||Detroit|
|2013||Louisville [a 2]||82||Michigan||76||Georgia Dome||Atlanta (4)|
|2015||Duke (5)||68||Wisconsin||63||Lucas Oil Stadium||Indianapolis (7)|
|2018||Villanova (3)||79||Michigan||62||Alamodome||San Antonio (4)|
|Year||Champion||Runner-up||MVP||Venue and city|
|1972||Maryland||100||Niagara||69||Tom McMillen, Maryland||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1974||Purdue||87||Utah||81||Mike Sojourner, Utah||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1979||Indiana||53||Purdue||52||Butch Carter and Ray Tolbert, Indiana||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1980||Virginia||58||Minnesota||55||Ralph Sampson, Virginia||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1982||Bradley||68||Purdue||61||Mitchell Anderson, Bradley||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1984||Michigan||83||Notre Dame||63||Tim McCormick, Michigan||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1985||UCLA||65||Indiana||62||Reggie Miller, UCLA||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1986||Ohio State||73||Wyoming||63||Brad Sellers, Ohio State||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1988||Connecticut||72||Ohio State||67||Phil Gamble, UConn||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1993||Minnesota||62||Georgetown||61||Voshon Lenard, Minnesota||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1996||Nebraska||60||Saint Joseph's||56||Erick Strickland, Nebraska||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1997||Michigan [b 1]||82||Florida State||73||Robert Traylor, Michigan||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|1998||Minnesota [b 2]||79||Penn State||72||Kevin Clark, Minnesota||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2004||Michigan||62||Rutgers||55||Daniel Horton, Michigan||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2006||South Carolina||76||Michigan||64||Renaldo Balkman, South Carolina||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2008||Ohio State||92||Massachusetts||85||Kosta Koufos, Ohio State||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2009||Penn State||69||Baylor||63||Jamelle Cornley, Penn State||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2012||Stanford||75||Minnesota||51||Aaron Bright, Stanford||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2013||Baylor||74||Iowa||54||Pierre Jackson, Baylor||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2014||Minnesota||65||SMU||63||Austin Hollins, Minnesota||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
|2018||Penn State||82||Utah||66||Lamar Stevens, Penn State||Madison Square Garden||New York City|
Women's basketball teams have played a total of ten times in the NCAA Division I women's basketball tournament (since 1982) and Women's National Invitation Tournament Championship (since 1998). Purdue is the only Big Ten member to have won the NCAA women's basketball national title while a member of the conference. Both schools that joined in 2014, Maryland and Rutgers, won national titles before joining the Big Ten—Rutgers won the final AIAW championship in 1982, when it was a member of the Eastern 8, and Maryland won the NCAA title in 2006 as a member of the ACC. Big Ten women's basketball led conference attendance from 1993 to 1999. 
Like the men's teams, the women's basketball teams in the Big Ten participate in the Big Ten–ACC Women's Challenge, which was founded in 2007.
Seasons are listed by the calendar years in which they ended. Italics indicate seasons before the school competed in the Big Ten.
(1982, 1986, 1987, 1997–2000, 2003)
(1972, 1974, 2021)
(1983, 1994, 1995, 2002, 2016, 2019, 2021, 2022)
(1987, 1988, 1993, 2019)
(1987, 1988, 1989, 1993, 1996, 2015, 2019, 2021)
(1986–94, 1996–98, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010–15, 2018, 2019, 2021, 2022)
(1978, 1982, 1989, 2006, 2014, 2015)
(1978–82, 1988, 1989, 1992, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014, 2015)
(1978–83, 1988, 1989, 1992, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2012–14, 2015, 2017, 2021, 2022)
(1978–84, 1986, 1988–93, 1997, 2001, 2004–09, 2011–14, 2015–19, 2021, 2022)
(1990, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2012, 2013, 2018, 2019, 2021, 2022)
(2005, 2006, 2009)
(1977, 1991, 1996, 1997, 2003–07, 2009–14, 2016, 2017, 2019, 2021)
(1977, 2003, 2004, 2005)