Big 12 Conference

Last updated
Big 12 Conference
Big 12 Conference (cropped) logo.svg
EstablishedFebruary 25, 1994 (1994-02-25) [1]
Association NCAA
Division Division I
Subdivision FBS
Members10 + 11 affiliate members
Sports fielded
  • 23
    • men's: 10
    • women's: 13
Region
Headquarters Irving, Texas
Commissioner Bob Bowlsby (since 2012)
Website www.big12sports.com
Locations
Big 12 Conference Map.svg

The Big 12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference headquartered in Irving, Texas. The conference consists of ten full-member universities. It is a member of Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) for all sports. Its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two levels of NCAA Division I football competition. Its ten members, located in Iowa, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and West Virginia, include eight public and two private, Christian schools. Additionally, the Big 12 has 11 affiliate members, eight for the sport of wrestling, one for women's gymnastics, and two for women's rowing. The Big 12 Conference is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization [2] incorporated in Delaware. [3]

Irving, Texas City in Texas, United States

Irving is a principal city in Dallas County in the U.S. state of Texas and it is also an inner ring suburb of the city of Dallas. According to a 2017 estimate from the United States Census Bureau, the city population was 240,373 making it the thirteenth-most populous city in Texas and 93rd most populous city in the U.S. The city of Irving is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

NCAA Division I highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association

NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States. D-I schools include the major collegiate athletic powers, with larger budgets, more elaborate facilities and more athletic scholarships than Divisions II and III as well as many smaller schools committed to the highest level of intercollegiate competition.

National Collegiate Athletic Association Non-profit organization that regulates many American college athletes and programs

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization which regulates student athletes from 1,268 North American institutions and conferences. It also organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities in the United States and Canada, and helps more than 480,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports. The organization is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Contents

The Big 12 Conference was founded on February 25, 1994. The eight members of the former Big Eight Conference joined with Southwest Conference schools Texas, Texas A&M, Baylor, and Texas Tech to form the new Big 12 Conference, which commenced competition on August 31, 1996. [4] [5] Oklahoma and Oklahoma State were grouped with the four former SWC schools in the Big 12 South division, while the other six teams of the former Big Eight (Kansas, Kansas State, Colorado, Nebraska, Missouri and Iowa State) formed the Big 12 North division.

Big Eight Conference Former U.S. college athletics conference

The Big Eight Conference was a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)-affiliated Division I-A college athletic association that sponsored football. It was formed in January 1907 as the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association (MVIAA) by its charter member schools: the University of Kansas, University of Missouri, University of Nebraska, and Washington University in St. Louis. Additionally, the University of Iowa was an original member of the MVIAA, while maintaining joint membership in the Western Conference.

Southwest Conference former NCAA athletic conference

The Southwest Conference (SWC) was an NCAA Division I college athletic conference in the United States that existed from 1914 to 1996. Composed primarily of schools from Texas, at various times the conference included schools from Oklahoma and Arkansas as well.

Texas A&M University Public research university in College Station, Texas, United States

Texas A&M University is a public research university in College Station, Texas, United States. Since 1948, it has been the founding member of the Texas A&M University System. The Texas A&M system endowment is among the 10 largest endowments in the nation. As of 2017, Texas A&M's student body is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States. Texas A&M's designation as a land, sea, and space grant institution–the only university in Texas to hold all three designations–reflects a range of research with ongoing projects funded by organizations such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research. In 2001, Texas A&M was inducted as a member of the Association of American Universities. The school's students, alumni—over 450,000 strong—and sports teams are known as Aggies. The Texas A&M Aggies athletes compete in 18 varsity sports as a member of the Southeastern Conference.

The conference's current 10-campus makeup resulted from the 2010–13 Big 12 Conference realignment, in which Nebraska joined the Big Ten Conference, Colorado joined the Pac-12, and Missouri and Texas A&M joined the Southeastern Conference. TCU and West Virginia joined from the Mountain West and Big East Conferences respectively to offset two of the departing schools, bringing the conference to its current strength.

2010–13 Big 12 Conference realignment

The 2010–13 Big 12 Conference realignment refers to the Big 12 Conference dealing with several proposed and actual conference expansion and reduction plans among various NCAA conferences and institutions. Part of the larger NCAA conference realignment, beginning in the 2010–11 academic year and continuing to the present, the Big 12 was one of the more severely impacted conferences. In all four schools have departed and two have joined

Big Ten Conference American collegiate athletics conference

The Big Ten Conference is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. It is based in suburban Chicago, Illinois. For decades the conference consisted of 10 universities but the present conference has 14 member institutions. They compete in the NCAA Division I; its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, the highest level of NCAA competition in that sport. The conference includes the flagship public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska, as well as two additional public land-grant schools and a private university.

Pac-12 Conference American collegiate athletics conference

The Pac-12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States, participating in 24 sports at the NCAA Division I level. Its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision, the higher of two tiers of NCAA Division I football competition.

The Big 12 Conference, like others involved in the realignment, has kept its name primarily for marketing purposes; the conference has high name recognition and remains one of the Power Five conferences which are considered the primary contenders to produce a College Football Playoff champion team in any given year. Attempts to rename the Big 12 to reflect its current strength would lead to confusion with the current Big Ten Conference (which currently has 14 teams).

In college football, the term Power Five conferences refers to five athletic conferences whose members are part of the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) of NCAA Division I, the highest level of collegiate football in the United States. The conferences are the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC), Big Ten Conference (B1G), Big 12 Conference, Pac-12 Conference, and Southeastern Conference (SEC). The term "Power Five" is not defined by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and the origin of the term is unknown. It has been used in its current meaning since at least 2006. The term is also used in other college sports, although in basketball there are considered at least six, and as many as eight high-major conferences.

College Football Playoff Postseason tournament for the highest level of American college football

The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason knockout invitational tournament to determine a national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest level of college football competition in the United States. The inaugural tournament was held at the end of the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season which was won by Ohio State. Four teams play in two semifinal games, and the winner of each semifinal advances to the College Football Playoff National Championship game.

The Big 12 Conference commissioner is Bob Bowlsby.

Member schools

Current members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentNicknameColors
Baylor University Waco, Texas 18451996 Private 16,787 Bears/Lady Bears          
Iowa State University Ames, Iowa 1858 Public 36,660 Cyclones          
University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas 186528,091 Jayhawks          
Kansas State University Manhattan, Kansas 186323,779 Wildcats          
University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma 189030,824 Sooners          
Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma 189023,459 Cowboys/Cowgirls          
Texas Christian University Fort Worth, Texas 18732012Private10,394 Horned Frogs          
University of Texas at Austin Austin, Texas 18831996Public50,950 Longhorns          
Texas Tech University Lubbock, Texas 192338,300 [6] Red Raiders          
West Virginia University Morgantown, West Virginia 1867201231,287 [7] Mountaineers          
Reference: [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [12] [13]

Affiliate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentNicknameSport
United States Air Force Academy Colorado Springs, Colorado 19542015 Military academy 4,000 Falcons Wrestling
University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, Alabama 18312014Public36,155 Crimson Tide Women's rowing
University of Denver Denver, Colorado 18642015Private11,809 Pioneers Women's gymnastics
California State University, Fresno Fresno, California 19112017Public24,405 Bulldogs Wrestling
University of Northern Colorado Greeley, Colorado 1889201512,084 Bears
University of Northern Iowa Cedar Falls, Iowa 1876201713,914 Panthers
North Dakota State University Fargo, North Dakota 1890201514,747 Bison
South Dakota State University Brookings, South Dakota 1881201512,554 Jackrabbits
University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 1794201427,523 Volunteers Women's rowing
Utah Valley University Orem, Utah 1941201531,556 Wolverines Wrestling
University of Wyoming Laramie, Wyoming 1886201513,992 Cowboys

Former members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsCurrent
Conference
University of Colorado Boulder Boulder, Colorado 187619962011Public30,128 Buffaloes                Pac-12
University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri 1839201234,255 [16] Tigers           SEC
University of Nebraska–Lincoln Lincoln, Nebraska 1869201124,100 [17] Cornhuskers           Big Ten
Texas A&M University College Station, Texas 1876201253,337 Aggies           SEC

Former affiliate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsBig 12
Sport(s)
Current
Conference [lower-alpha 1]
Old Dominion University Norfolk, Virginia 193020142018Public24,125 Monarchs               Women's rowing The American [18]
  1. Affiliation in former Big 12 sport(s); does not necessarily match primary affiliation.

Membership timeline

University of Northern IowaMid-American ConferenceWestern Wrestling ConferenceCalifornia State University, FresnoUniversity of DenverMountain Rim Gymnastics ConferenceUniversity of WyomingWestern Wrestling ConferenceUtah Valley UniversityWestern Wrestling ConferenceSouth Dakota State UniversityWestern Wrestling ConferenceNorth Dakota State UniversityWestern Wrestling ConferenceUniversity of Northern ColoradoWestern Wrestling ConferenceUnited States Air Force AcademyWestern Wrestling ConferenceAmerican Athletic ConferenceOld Dominion UniversityConference USAUniversity of TennesseeConference USAUniversity of AlabamaConference USAWest Virginia UniversityBig East Conference (1979–2013)Texas Christian UniversityMountain West ConferenceConference USAWestern Athletic ConferenceTexas Tech UniversityUniversity of Texas at AustinOklahoma State University–StillwaterUniversity of OklahomaKansas State UniversityUniversity of KansasIowa State UniversityBaylor UniversitySoutheastern ConferenceTexas A&M UniversitySoutheastern ConferenceUniversity of MissouriBig Ten ConferenceUniversity of Nebraska–LincolnPacific 12 ConferenceUniversity of Colorado BoulderBig 12 Conference

Full membersAssoc. member (Other sports)Other Conference

Sports

The Big 12 Conference sponsors championship competition in ten men's and thirteen women's NCAA sanctioned sports. [19]

Teams in Big 12 Conference competition
SportMen'sWomen's
Baseball 9
Basketball 1010
Cross Country 910
Equestrian 4
Football 10
Golf 109
Gymnastics 4
Rowing 7
Soccer 10
Softball 7
Swimming & Diving 35
Tennis 610
Track and Field (Indoor) 910
Track and Field (Outdoor) 910
Volleyball 9
Wrestling 12

Men's sponsored sports by school

SchoolBaseballBasketballCross
Country
FootballGolfSwimming
& Diving
TennisTrack
& Field
Indoor
Track
& Field
Outdoor
WrestlingTotal
Big 12
Sports
BaylorGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg8
Iowa StateRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg7
KansasGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg7
Kansas StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg7
OklahomaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
Oklahoma StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
TCUGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg9
TexasGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg9
Texas TechGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg8
West VirginiaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svg6
Totals9109101036994*79
Affiliate Members
Air ForceGreen check.svg1
Fresno StateGreen check.svg1
North Dakota StateGreen check.svg1
Northern ColoradoGreen check.svg1
Northern IowaGreen check.svg1
South Dakota StateGreen check.svg1
Utah ValleyGreen check.svg1
WyomingGreen check.svg1

    Men's (and Coed – see Rifle) varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:

    SchoolGymnasticsRifle*Soccer
    Oklahoma Mountain Pacific Sports Federation NoNo
    TCUNo Patriot Rifle Conference No
    West VirginiaNo Great America Rifle Conference Mid-American Conference

    Women's sponsored sports by school

    SchoolBasketballCross
    Country
    EquestrianGolfGymnasticsRowingSoccerSoftballSwimming
    & Diving
    TennisTrack
    & Field
    Indoor
    Track
    & Field
    Outdoor
    VolleyballTotal
    Big 12
    Sports
    BaylorGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg10
    Iowa StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    KansasGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    Kansas StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
    OklahomaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    Oklahoma StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg9
    TCUGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg10
    TexasGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    Texas TechGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
    West VirginiaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg10
    Totals1010393*5*10751010109
    Affiliate Members
    AlabamaGreen check.svg1
    DenverGreen check.svg1
    TennesseeGreen check.svg1

    Women's (and Coed – see Rifle) varsity sports not sponsored by the Big 12 Conference which are played by Big 12 schools:

    SchoolBeach VolleyballRifle*
    TCU Coastal Collegiate Sports Association [21] Patriot Rifle Conference
    West VirginiaNo Great America Rifle Conference

      History

      The Big 12 Conference is a major college athletic conference in the United States, having formed in February 1994 when four prominent colleges from Texas that were members of the Southwest Conference were invited to join the eight members of the Big Eight Conference to form a new 12 member conference. The Big 12 does not claim the Big Eight's history as its own, even though it was essentially the Big Eight plus the four Texas schools.

      The Big 12 began athletic play in the fall of 1996, with the Texas Tech vs. Kansas State football game being the first-ever sports event staged by the conference. From its formation until 2011, its 12 members competed in two divisions. Between 2011 and 2012 four charter members left the conference, while two schools joined in 2012.

      Distinctive elements

      Big 12 original logo.png
      Original Big 12 Conference logo from 1996 to 2004
      Big 12 Conference logo.svg
      Big 12 Conference logo from 2004 to 2014

      Football championship game takes hiatus, returns in 2017

      The Big 12 is unique among the current "Power Five" conferences in that it only has 10 members, despite the name, causing some confusion. From 1987 to 2015, 12 or more members were required for an "exempt" conference championship game—that is, one that did not count against NCAA limits for regular-season games (currently 12 in FBS)—although the first such game was not established until the SEC did so in 1992. [23] (Since the 2014 season, the Pac-12 has 12 members, while the ACC, Big Ten, and SEC have 14 football members each.)

      Former Texas Athletic Director DeLoss Dodds and former football coach Mack Brown, along with Oklahoma football coach Bob Stoops, preferred not to have a championship game. [24] Critics argued it was a competitive advantage over other contract conferences. Conferences with a championship game have their division champions typically play one of their toughest games of the year in the last week of the regular season. Unlike the other "Power 5" conferences in which a team only plays a portion of the other teams in the conference each season, each Big 12 team plays the other nine teams during its conference schedule. This theoretically allows for the declaration of a de facto champion without the need for an additional rematch between the top two teams in the conference.

      On June 3, 2016, the conference announced it would reinstate the football championship game in the 2017 season. [25] This followed the passage of a new NCAA rule allowing all FBS conferences to hold "exempt" football championship games regardless of their membership numbers. [26]

      Population base

      The Big 12 schools are located in the states of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, West Virginia and Iowa. These states have a combined population of 37.8 million.[ citation needed ]

      As of 2013, out of the 115.6 million TV households nationwide there are 13,427,130 TV households in those states (11.6%), [27] [28] although Morgantown, West Virginia where WVU is based is in the Pittsburgh television market, which increases the Big 12's television base well into Pennsylvania, and Lawrence, Kansas, where KU is based, is in the Kansas City television market, increasing the base into western Missouri. The Big 12's share of the nation's TVs is similar to that reached by the rest of the Power Five. The conference negotiated tier 1 and 2 TV contracts with total payouts similar to those of the other Power Five conferences. [29]

      Grant of Rights

      Member schools granted their first and second tier sports media rights to the conference for the length of their current TV deals. The Grant of Rights (GOR) deal with the leagues' TV contracts ensures that "if a Big 12 school leaves for another league in the next 13 years, that school's media rights, including revenue, would remain with the Big 12 and not its new conference." [30]

      GOR is seen by league members as a "foundation of stability" and allowed the Big 12 to be "positioned with one of the best media rights arrangements in collegiate sports, providing the conference and its members unprecedented revenue growth, and sports programming over two networks." All members agreed to the GOR and later agreed to extend the initial 6-year deal to 13 years to correspond to the length of their TV contracts. [31]

      Prior to this agreement, the Big Ten and Pac-12 also had similar GOR agreements. [32] The Big 12 subsequently assisted the ACC in drafting its GOR agreement. [33] Four of the five major conferences now have such agreements, with the SEC the only exception.

      Tier 3 events

      The Big 12 is the only major conference that allows members to monetize TV rights for tier 3 events in football and men's basketball. [34] This allows individual Big 12 member institutions to create tier 3 deals that include TV rights for one home football game and four home men's basketball games per season. Tier 3 rights exist for other sports as well, but these are not unique to the Big 12. The unique arrangement potentially allows Big 12 members to remain some of college sports' highest revenue earners. Other conferences' cable deals are subject to value reductions based on how people acquire cable programming; Big 12 schools' tier 3 deals are exempt. [35] Texas alone will earn more than $150 million of that total from their Longhorn Network. [36]

      Revenue

      Conference revenue comes mostly from television contracts, bowl games, the NCAA, merchandise, licensing and conference-hosted sporting events. The Conference distributes revenue annually to member institutions. [43] From 1996 to 2011, 57 percent of revenue was allotted equally; while 43 percent was based upon the number of football and men's basketball television appearances and other factors. [44] [45] In 2011, the distribution was 76 percent equal and 24 percent based on television appearances. Changing the arrangement requires a unanimous vote; as a Big 12 member, Nebraska and Texas A&M had withheld support for more equitable revenue distribution. [44]

      With this model, larger schools can receive more revenue because they appear more often on television. In 2006, for example, Texas received $10.2 million, 44% more than Baylor University's $7.1 million. [46]

      Big 12 revenue was generally less than other BCS conferences; this was due in part to television contracts signed with Fox Sports Net (four years for $48 million) and ABC/ESPN (eight years for $480 million). [47]

      In 2011, the Big 12 announced a new 13-year media rights deal with Fox that would ensure that every Big 12 home football game is televised, as well as greatly increasing coverage of women's basketball, conference championships and other sports. [48] The deal, valued at an estimated $1.1 billion, runs until 2025. [49] In 2012, the conference announced a new ESPN/FOX agreement, replacing the current ABC/ESPN deal, to immediately increase national media broadcasts of football and increase conference revenue; [50] the new deal was estimated to be worth $2.6 billion through the 2025 expiration. [51] The two deals pushed the conference per-school payout to approximately $20 million per year, while separating third-tier media rights into separate deals for each school; such contracts secured an additional $6 million to $20 million per school annually. [52] The per-school payout under the deal is expected to reach $44 million, according to Commissioner Bob Bowlsby. [53]

      Revenue ranking

      Revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, food and novelties. Total expenses includes coaching/staff, scholarships, buildings/ground, maintenance, utilities and rental fees and all other costs including recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues and insurance costs. Data is from United States Department of Education. [54]

      2014–15 Conference RankInstitution2014–15 Total Revenue from Athletics [55] 2014–15 Total Expenses on Athletics [55] 2014–15 Average Spending per student-athlete [56]
      1 University of Texas at Austin $179,555,311$152,853,239$218,050
      2 University of Oklahoma $135,660,070$124,732,244$170,866
      3 Baylor University $106,078,643$106,078,643$153,737
      4 University of Kansas $103,326,170$103,326,170$177,536
      5 West Virginia University $87,265,473$87,265,473$147,159
      6 Oklahoma State University $85,645,208$80,196,450$123,189
      7 Texas Christian University $80,608,562$80,608,562$145,766
      8 Kansas State University $76,245,188$66,449,920$110,016
      9 Texas Tech University $69,858,256$64,245,380$123,207
      10 Iowa State University $65,733,110$65,658,901$129,396

      Facilities

      SchoolFootball stadiumCapacityBasketball arenaCapacityBaseball stadiumCapacity
      Baylor McLane Stadium 45,140 Ferrell Center 10,284 Baylor Ballpark 5,000
      Iowa State Jack Trice Stadium 61,500 [57] Hilton Coliseum 14,356Non-baseball school*
      Kansas David Booth Kansas Memorial Stadium 50,071 [58] Allen Fieldhouse 16,300 Hoglund Ballpark 2,500
      Kansas State Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium 50,000 [59] Bramlage Coliseum 12,528 Tointon Family Stadium 2,000
      Oklahoma Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium 86,112 [60] Lloyd Noble Center 11,562 L. Dale Mitchell Baseball Park 3,180
      Oklahoma State Boone Pickens Stadium 56,790 [61] Gallagher-Iba Arena 13,611 Allie P. Reynolds Stadium 3,821
      Texas Darrell K Royal–Texas Memorial Stadium 100,119 [62] Frank Erwin Center 16,540 UFCU Disch-Falk Field 6,649
      TCU Amon G. Carter Stadium 45,000 [63] Schollmaier Arena 6,700 [64] Lupton Stadium 4,500
      Texas Tech Jones AT&T Stadium 60,862 [65] [66] [67] [68] United Supermarkets Arena 15,098 Dan Law Field at Rip Griffin Park 4,528
      West Virginia Mountaineer Field at Milan Puskar Stadium 60,000 [69] WVU Coliseum 14,000 [70] Monongalia County Ballpark 3,500 [71]

      *Iowa State discontinued its participation in baseball as an NCAA-recognized activity following the 2001 season. [72] It participates in club baseball as a member of the National Club Baseball Association. Games are played at Cap Timm Field, capacity 3,000. [73]

      Championships

      National championships

      The following is a list of all NCAA, equestrian, and college football championships won by teams that were representing the Big 12 Conference in NCAA-recognized sports at the time of their championship. [74]

      National team titles by institution

      The national championships listed below are as of March 2016. Football, Helms, pre-NCAA competition and overall equestrian titles are included in the total, but excluded from the column listing NCAA and AIAW titles.

      Big 12 National Championships
      SchoolTotal titlesTitles as a member
      of the Big 12
      NCAA titles [75] AIAW titlesNotes
      Texas5218 44 4UT has 4 recognized football titles
      Oklahoma State5210 52
      Oklahoma3815 30 OU has 7 recognized NCAA football titles
      West Virginia224 19 WVU has 3 pre-NCAA rifle titles
      Iowa State180 13 5
      Kansas132 11 KU has 2 Helms basketball titles
      TCU60 4 TCU has 2 recognized football titles
      Baylor54 4 Baylor has 1 Equestrian title
      Texas Tech21 2
      Kansas State000

      See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships, List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships, and NCAA Division I FBS Conferences

      Conference champions

      The Conference sponsors 23 sports, 10 men's and 13 women's. [76]

      In football, divisional titles were awarded based on regular-season conference results, with the teams with the best conference records from the North and South playing in the Big 12 Championship Game from 1996 to 2010. Baseball, basketball, softball, tennis and women's soccer titles are awarded in both regular-season and tournament play. Cross country, golf, gymnastics, swimming and diving, track and field, and wrestling titles are awarded during an annual meet of participating teams. The volleyball title is awarded based on regular-season play.

      Conference titles by school

      All-Time Big 12 Championships By School Through June 12th, 2019. [77]

      • Baylor – 80
      • Iowa State – 25
      • Kansas – 38
      • Kansas State – 17
      • Oklahoma – 83
      • Oklahoma State – 75
      • TCU – 10
      • Texas – 180
      • Texas Tech – 25
      • West Virginia – 11

      Note, includes both regular-season, tournament titles, and co-championships. List does not include conference championships won prior to the formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1996.

      Football

      The first football game in conference play was Texas Tech vs. Kansas State in 1996, won by Kansas State, 21–14. [78]

      From 1996 to 2010, Big 12 Conference teams played eight conference games a season. Each team faced all five opponents within its own division and three teams from the opposite division. Inter-divisional play was a "three-on, three-off" system, where teams would play three teams from the other division on a home-and-home basis for two seasons, and then play the other three foes from the opposite side for a two-year home-and-home.[ citation needed ]

      This format came under considerable criticism, especially from Nebraska and Oklahoma, who were denied a yearly match between two of college football's most storied programs.[ citation needed ] The Nebraska-Oklahoma rivalry was one of the most intense in college football history.[ citation needed ] (Until 2006, the teams had never met in the Big 12 Championship.) Due to the departure of Nebraska and Colorado in 2011, the Big 12 eliminated the divisions (and championship game) and instituted a nine-game round-robin format.[ citation needed ] With the advent of the College Football Playoff committee looking at teams' strength of schedule for picking the four playoff teams, on December 8, 2015 the Big 12 announced an annual requirement for all Big 12 teams to schedule a non-conference game against a team from the four other Power Five conferences (plus Notre Dame). [79] Per Big 12 commissioner Bob Bowlsby: "Schedule strength is a key component in CFP Selection Committee deliberations. This move will strengthen the resumes for all Big 12 teams. Coupled with the nine-game full round robin Conference schedule our teams play, it will not only benefit the teams at the top of our standings each season, but will impact the overall strength of the Conference." [79]

      Championship game

      The Big 12 Championship Game game was approved by all members except Nebraska. [80] It was held each year, commencing with the first match in the 1996 season at the Trans World Dome in St. Louis. It pitted the division champions against each other after the regular season was completed.

      Following the 2008 game, the event was moved to the new Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas, being played there in 2009 and 2010. In 2010, the Sooners defeated the Cornhuskers 23–20. [81]

      After 2010, the game was moved to Arlington for 2011, 2012, and 2013. [82] However, the decision became moot following the 2010 season because the league lacked sufficient members. [83]

      In April 2015, the ACC and the Big 12 developed new rules for the NCAA to deregulate conference championship games. The measure passed on January 14, 2016, allowing a conference with fewer than 12 teams to stage a championship game that does not count against the FBS limit of 12 regular-season games under either of the following circumstances:

      Under the first criterion, the Big 12 championship game resumed at the conclusion of the 2017 regular season, and is played during the first weekend of December, the time all other FBS conference championship games are played.

      Bowl affiliations

      As of 2018. (see 2018–19 NCAA football bowl games)

      PickName [84] LocationOpposing conference
      College Football Playoff
      1 Sugar Bowl New Orleans, Louisiana SEC
      2 Alamo Bowl San Antonio, Texas Pac-12
      3 Camping World Bowl Orlando, Florida ACC
      4 Texas Bowl Houston, Texas SEC
      5 Liberty Bowl Memphis, Tennessee SEC
      6 Cheez-It Bowl Tempe, Arizona Pac-12
      7 Armed Forces Bowl Fort Worth, Texas American
      †:The Big 12 champion will go to the Sugar Bowl unless selected for the College Football Playoff.
      In the event that the conference champion is selected for the playoff,
      the conference runner up will go to the Sugar Bowl.

      Rivalries

      Rivalries (primarily in football) mostly predate the conference. The Kansas-Missouri rivalry was the longest running, the longest west of the Mississippi and the second longest in college football. It was played 119 times before Missouri left the Big 12. As of October 2012, the University of Kansas' athletic department had not accepted Missouri's invitations to play inter-conference rivalry games, putting the rivalry on hold. Sports clubs sponsored by the two universities continued to play each other. [85]

      The rivalry between TCU and Baylor, known as the Revivalry is also one of the longest running in college football, with the two schools having played each other — largely as Southwest Conference members — 112 times since 1899. As of the 2018 game, TCU leads the series 55–52–7.

      The Oklahoma-Texas rivalry, the Red River Showdown is one year younger and has been played 108 times. This was a major rivalry decades before they were both in the conference, starting the year after the Revivalry in 1900. Currently Texas leads this rivalry 60–44–5.

      Some of the longstanding football rivalries between Big 12 schools include:

      RivalryNameTrophyGames
      played
      Began
      Baylor–TCU The Revivalry1141899
      Baylor–Texas Tech Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout741929
      Iowa State-Kansas State Farmageddon981917
      Kansas–Kansas State Sunflower ShowdownGovernor's Cup1121902
      Oklahoma-Oklahoma State BedlamBedlam Bell1091904
      Oklahoma–Texas Red River ShowdownGolden Hat1101900
      TCU–Texas Tech The West Texas ChampionshipThe Saddle Trophy581926
      Texas–Texas Tech Chancellor's Spurs641928

      Rivalries with former members

      RivalryNameTrophyGames
      played
      BeganLast meeting
      Baylor–Texas A&M Battle of the Brazos 10818992011
      Colorado–Nebraska 6918982018
      Iowa State–Missouri Telephone Trophy [86] 10418962011
      Kansas–Missouri Border WarIndian War Drum [86] 12018912011
      Kansas–Nebraska 11718922010
      Missouri–Nebraska Victory Bell10418922010
      Missouri–Oklahoma Tiger–Sooner Peace Pipe9619022011
      Nebraska–Oklahoma 8619122010
      Texas A&M–Texas Tech 7019272011
      Texas–Texas A&M Lone Star ShowdownLone Star Showdown Trophy11818942011

      Men's basketball

      From 1996 to 2011, standings in conference play were not split among divisions, although the schedule was structured as if they were. Teams played a home-and-home against teams within their "division"s and a single game against teams from the opposite division for a total of 16 conference games. After Nebraska and Colorado left, Big 12 play transitioned to an 18-game, double round robin schedule. [87]

      Conference champions

      Big 12 basketball teams played non-division members only once and in-division members twice during the regular season in a 16-game schedule until the 2012-13 season when its ten teams adopted a "home and away" double round robin 18-game schedule. The conference tournament gave first round byes to the top four teams from 1997 until 2012, and the top six teams 2013 to present.

      Kansas has the most Big 12 titles, winning or sharing the regular-season title 17 times in the league's 21 seasons. The 2002 Jayhawks became the first, and so far only, team to complete an undefeated Big 12 regular season, going 16–0. As of the 2017-2018 season, Kansas had won or shared 14 straight regular-season league titles and 16 of the past 17. Though rematches between Big 12 regular season co-champions have happened in that year's Big 12 tournament, none have met in the ensuing NCAA Tournament.

      SeasonRegular season championTournament champion
      1996–97 Kansas Kansas
      1997–98 Kansas (2) Kansas (2)
      1998–99 Texas Kansas (3)
      1999–00 Iowa State Iowa State
      2000–01 Iowa State (2) Oklahoma
      2001–02 Kansas (3) Oklahoma (2)
      2002–03 Kansas (4) Oklahoma (3)
      2003–04 Oklahoma State Oklahoma State
      2004–05 Oklahoma
      Kansas (5)
      Oklahoma State (2)
      2005–06 Texas (2)
      Kansas (6)
      Kansas (4)
      2006–07 Kansas (7) Kansas (5)
      2007–08 Texas (3)
      Kansas (8)
      Kansas (6)
      2008–09 Kansas (9) Missouri
      2009–10 Kansas (10) Kansas (7)
      2010–11 Kansas (11) Kansas (8)
      2011–12 Kansas (12) Missouri (2)
      2012–13 Kansas (13)
      Kansas State
      Kansas (9)
      2013–14 Kansas (14) Iowa State (2)
      2014–15 Kansas (15) Iowa State (3)
      2015–16 Kansas (16) Kansas (10)
      2016–17 Kansas (17) Iowa State (4)
      2017-18 Kansas (18) Kansas (11)
      2018-19 Kansas State (2)
      Texas Tech
      Iowa State (5)

      In 2004–05, Oklahoma won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 71–63 win over the Jayhawks in Norman, OK. The teams did not meet in Kansas City, MO.
      In 2005–06, Texas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 80–55 win over the Jayhawks in Austin, TX. Kansas beat Texas 80–68 in the Big 12 Tournament championship game in Dallas, TX.
      In 2007–08, Texas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas based on its 72–69 win over the Jayhawks in Austin, TX. Kansas beat Texas 84-74 in the Big 12 Tournament championship game in Kansas City, MO.
      In 2012–13, Kansas won the Big 12 Tournament seeding tiebreaker over Kansas State based on winning 59–55 in Manhattan and 83–62 in Lawrence. Kansas beat Kansas State for a third time 70-54 in the championship game in Kansas City, MO.

      NCAA tournament performance

      Totals though the end of the 2015-16 season. [88]

      SchoolAppearancesFinal FoursChampionships
      Baylor 1120
      Iowa State 1910
      Kansas 46143
      Kansas State 2840
      Oklahoma 3160
      Oklahoma State 2762
      TCU 700
      Texas 3430
      Texas Tech 1610
      West Virginia 2820

      All-time records

      Totals though the end of the 2018–19 season. [89]

      TeamBig 12 RecordBig 12 Winning %Overall RecordOverall Winning %Big 12 Regular Season Championships Big 12 Tournament Championships
      Baylor 94–157.3751287–1337.490--
      Colorado 95-145.396----
      Iowa State 181–184.4961376-1323.51025
      Kansas 179–43.8052186-836.7231811
      Kansas State 90–131.4071581-1123.5852-
      Missouri 139-119.539---2
      Nebraska 97-143.404----
      Oklahoma 151–100.6021626-1035.61313
      Oklahoma State 130–121.5181606-1130.58712
      TCU 8–64.1111160–1366.459--
      Texas 157–94.6261738-1035.6273-
      Texas A&M 98-160.380----
      Texas Tech 84–167.3351351-1080.5561-
      West Virginia 39–33.5421702-1059.616--

      Overall series records

      Totals though the end of the 2015–16 season. [89]

       BaylorIowa StateKansasKansas StateOklahomaOklahoma StateTCUTexasTexas TechWest Virginia
      vs. Baylor 13–164–2516–127–3515–289–014–3221–206–3
      vs. Iowa State 16–1312–3322–2013–1712–178–011–1714–135–3
      vs. Kansas 25–433–1244–523–622–108–123–724–46–3
      vs. Kansas State 12–1620–225–4412–1411–177–212–1515–133–5
      vs. Oklahoma 35–717–136–2314–1225–197–124–2328–146–3
      vs. Oklahoma State 28–1517–1210–2217–1119–256–217–2932–154–4
      vs. TCU 0–90–81–82–71–72–61–83–60–9
      vs. Texas 32–1417–117–2315–1223–2429–178–138–66–3
      vs. Texas Tech 20–2113–144–2413–1514–2815–326–36–381–8
      vs. West Virginia 3–63–53–65–33–64–49–03–68–1
      Total105–171113–133208–5297–148161–115150–13510–68175–11192–18341–37

      Baseball

      All current Big 12 members sponsor baseball except Iowa State, which dropped the sport after the 2001 season. All former Big 12 members sponsored the sport throughout their tenures in the conference except Colorado, which never sponsored baseball during its time in the Big 12. [90]

      By school

      SchoolAppearancesW-LPctTourney TitlesTitle Years
      Baylor 2135–37.4861 2018
      Iowa State 11–2.3330
      Kansas 910–17.3701 2006
      Kansas State 1014–18.4380
      Missouri 1322–19.5361 2012
      Nebraska 1028–10.7374 1999, 2000, 2001, 2005
      Oklahoma 2136–35.5072 1997, 2013
      Oklahoma State 1925–35.4172 2004, 2017
      TCU 512–7.6322 2014, 2016
      Texas 1841–29.5865 2002, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2015
      Texas A&M 1324–18.5713 2007, 2010, 2011
      Texas Tech 1718–34.3461 1998
      West Virginia 58–8.5000

      Broadcasting

      Football

      Big 12 home football games are carried through Fox Sports or ESPN. Fox Sports may choose to place the game on the FOX broadcast network, on its cable networks FS1 or FS2. Low-profile games may be carried on FSN, a national or regional broadcast on Fox Sports’ regional networks, or on the Fox College Sports networks. ESPN may choose to place the games on the ABC broadcast network, or on cable networks ESPN, ESPN2, or ESPNU. ESPN may also display the games through its online streaming services, ESPN3 or ESPN+. The Big 12 Championship game was first broadcast by FOX in 2017, and will alternate with ESPN in the coming years. Non-conference away games are subject to the home teams' broadcasting contracts, so games may appear on other networks. (For example, West Virginia played against Tennessee in Charlotte, NC on September 1, 2018; the game was carried on CBS as part of the SEC on CBS deal.)

      Men’s Basketball

      The majority of Big 12 home men's basketball games are produced by ESPN. They may be carried on ESPN, ESPN2 or ESPNU. The Big 12 features in ESPN's Big Monday telecast, which has an exclusive 8 PM CT window for the Big 12. Occasional high-profile Saturday games may be picked up for national broadcast by CBS. The Big 12 men's basketball tournament is produced by ESPN and is carried on ESPN, ESPN2, and ESPNU during the same week when those networks carry the SEC, ACC, and Pac-12 tournaments among others.

      Women’s Basketball

      Some women's basketball games may be produced by Fox Sports and carried on FS1. The women's basketball tournament is produced by Fox Sports.

      Other sports

      ESPN may occasionally pick up a volleyball, soccer, women's gymnastics, softball, or baseball contest for coverage on ESPN, ESPN2, or ESPNU. The championship tournaments for soccer, softball, and baseball are produced by Fox Sports.

      Local coverage

      Athletic events not selected for national broadcast are often produced by the athletic department of the home team. This is particularly common for regular season volleyball, soccer, gymnastics, women's basketball, softball, baseball, tennis, and golf events. These locally produced telecasts are carried on a variety of outlets, including regional Fox Sports networks, the Longhorn Network, or online-only platforms.

      See also

      Related Research Articles

      Big East Conference (1979–2013) U.S. college athletic conference, 1979–2013

      The Big East Conference was a collegiate athletics conference that consisted of as many as 16 universities in the eastern half of the United States from 1979 to 2013. The conference's members participated in 24 NCAA sports. The conference had a history of success at the national level in basketball throughout its history, while its shorter football program, created by inviting one college and four other "associate members" into the conference, resulted in two national championships.

      Mountain West Conference U.S. college athletic conference

      The Mountain West Conference (MW) is one of the collegiate athletic conferences affiliated with the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). The MW officially began operations in July 1999. Geographically, the MW covers a broad expanse of the Western United States, with member schools located in California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. Craig Thompson has served as Commissioner of the MW since its founding in 1999.

      College football on television includes the broad- and cablecasting of college football games, as well as pre- and post-game reports, analysis, and human-interest stories. Within the United States, the college version of American football annually garners high television ratings.

      Big 12 Championship Game

      The Big 12 Championship Game is a college football game held by the Big 12 Conference. The game was played each year since the conference's formation in 1996 until 2010 and returned during the 2017 season. From 1996 to 2010 the championship game pitted the Big 12 North Division champion against the South Division champion in a game held after the regular season was completed. From 2017 onward, the game features the two teams with the best conference records.

      TCU Horned Frogs

      The TCU Horned Frogs are the athletic teams that represent Texas Christian University. The 18 varsity teams participate in NCAA Division I and in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) for football, competing mostly in the Big 12 Conference. The school was a founding member of the Southwest Conference and was a member of the Western Athletic Conference, Conference USA, and the Mountain West Conference before joining the Big 12. Two TCU teams participate outside the Big 12 in sports not sponsored by that conference. The rifle team competes in the Patriot Rifle Conference, and the beach volleyball team is set to join the Coastal Collegiate Sports Association (CCSA) for the 2018–19 school year.

      The Bowl Championship Series (BCS) was a selection system designed, through polls and computer statistics, to determine a No. 1 and No. 2 ranked team in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). After the final polls, the two top teams were chosen to play in the BCS National Championship Game which determined the BCS national champion team, but not the champion team for independent voting systems. This format was intended to be "bowl-centered" rather than a traditional playoff system, since numerous FBS Conferences have expressed their unwillingness to participate in a play-off system. However, due to the unique and often esoteric nature of the BCS format, there had been controversy as to which two teams should play for the national championship and which teams should play in the four other BCS bowl games. In this selection process, the BCS was often criticized for conference favoritism, its inequality of access for teams in non-Automatic Qualifying (non-AQ) Conferences, and perceived monopolistic, "profit-centered" motives. In terms of this last concern, Congress has explored the possibility on more than one occasion of holding hearings to determine the legality of the BCS under the terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, and the United States Justice Department has also periodically announced interest in investigating the BCS for similar reasons.

      The NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), formerly known as Division I-A, is the top level of college football in the United States. The FBS is the most competitive subdivision of NCAA Division I, which itself consists of the largest and most competitive schools in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). As of 2018, there are 10 conferences and 130 schools in FBS.

      The Big 12 Conference is a conference of 10 universities which participate in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's Division I Football Bowl Subdivision football. The conference was formed in 1994 but did not begin conference play until the fall of 1996. The schools that compose the Big 12 Conference, except West Virginia, were members of either the Big Eight Conference or the Southwest Conference, and have won 21 national titles including 3 titles since the inception of the Big 12 Conference.

      2010–11 NCAA football bowl games

      The 2010–11 NCAA football bowl games concluded the 2010 NCAA Division I FBS football season and included 35 team-competitive bowl games and four all-star games. The games began play with three bowls on December 18, 2010 and included the 2011 BCS National Championship Game in Glendale, Arizona played on January 10 at the University of Phoenix Stadium. The bowl season concluded with the East–West Shrine Game, the Eastham Energy All-Star Game, the Senior Bowl, the Dixie Gridiron Classic, and the NFLPA Game. One bowl, the Toronto-based International Bowl, has ceased operations.

      2010 NCAA Division I FBS football season

      The 2010 NCAA Division I FBS football season was the highest level of college football competition in the United States organized by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA).

      2012–13 NCAA football bowl games for games played in December 2012 as part of the 2012 season

      The 2012–13 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games. They concluded the 2012 NCAA Division I FBS football season, and included 35 team-competitive games and four all-star games. The games began on Saturday December 15, 2012 and, aside from the all-star games, concluded with the 2013 BCS National Championship Game in Miami Gardens, Florida that was played on January 7, 2013.

      The 2016 West Virginia Mountaineers football team represented West Virginia University in the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Mountaineers played as members of the Big 12 Conference and were led by head coach Dana Holgorsen, in his sixth year. West Virginia played its home games at Mountaineer Field at Milan Puskar Stadium in Morgantown, West Virginia. 2016 was the 125th season of West Virginia football. They finished the season 10–3, 7–2 in Big 12 play to finished in a tie for second place. They received an invitation to the Russell Athletic Bowl where they lost to Miami.

      2016 Big 12 Conference football season

      The 2016 Big 12 Conference football season will represent the 21st season of Big 12 Conference football, taking place during the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The season will begin with non-conference play on Friday, September 2, 2016, with Kansas State traveling to face Stanford. Big 12 Conference play will begin on Saturday, September 17, 2016, with Iowa State traveling to play TCU.

      2017 Big 12 Championship Game

      The 2017 Big 12 Championship Game was a college football game that was played on Saturday, December 2, 2017, at AT&T Stadium, in Arlington, Texas. The 16th Big 12 Championship Game, it determined the 2017 champion of the Big 12 Conference. The game featured the Oklahoma Sooners and the TCU Horned Frogs. This was Oklahoma's ninth appearance and was TCU's first appearance. The game was televised nationally by Fox. When the two teams met in the regular season, Oklahoma defeated TCU 38–20.

      2017 Big 12 Conference football season

      The 2017 Big 12 Conference football season was the 22nd season of Big 12 Conference football, taking place during the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The season began with non-conference play on Saturday, September 2, 2017, when all 10 of the league's teams played their first non-conference opponents. Big 12 Conference play began on Saturday, September 23, 2017.

      The 2017 Oklahoma Sooners football team represented the University of Oklahoma in the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season, the 123rd season of Sooner football. The team was led by Lincoln Riley, who was in his first year as head coach, after the retirement of Bob Stoops in June 2017. They played their home games at Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma. They are a charter member of the Big 12 Conference.

      2018 Big 12 Conference football season

      The 2018 Big 12 Conference football season represents the 23rd season of Big 12 conference football, talking place during the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The season began with non-conference play on Thursday, August 30, 2018. Big 12 Conference play will begin on Saturday, September 22, 2018.

      2019 TCU Horned Frogs football team

      The 2019 TCU Horned Frogs football team will represent Texas Christian University in the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Horned Frogs will compete as a member of the Big 12 Conference and will play their home games at Amon G. Carter Stadium on campus in Fort Worth, Texas. They will be led by 19th-year head coach Gary Patterson.

      References

      1. "Big 12 Conference Biography". Big 12 Conference. 2014. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
      2. "Big Twelve Conference Inc". Exempt Organizations Select Check. Internal Revenue Service. Accessed on June 17, 2016.
      3. "The Big 12 Conference, Inc." Entity Details. Division of Corporations. Delaware Department of State. Accessed on June 17, 2016.
      4. "'Everybody's looking for TV sets': The oral history of the formation of the Big 12 Conference". Sports Illustrated. August 12, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2017. When the Southwest Conference busted and the major four came to the Big Eight ...
      5. "Texas Giants Merge With Big 8". The Nevada Daily Mail, via Google News. Associated Press. February 27, 1994. Retrieved 1 July 2017. Texas and Texas Tech voted...to...join the Big Eight.
      6. Soliz, Brandon (September 12, 2018). "RedRaiderSports.com - Takeaways: Hocutt addresses recent uniform issue and more on radio show". texastech.rivals.com. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
      7. "WVU Facts – About – West Virginia University" . Retrieved 14 November 2017.
      8. http://www.baylor.edu/content/services/document.php/256555.pdf
      9. "Final Enrollment – Fall 2016" (PDF). Iowa State University – Office of the Registrar. February 10, 2017.
      10. "Enrollment numbers". Manhattan, Kansas. 29 September 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
      11. "2014 Endowment Market Value" (PDF). nacubo.org. June 30, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 23, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
      12. 1 2 "The University of Texas at Austin Facts & Figures". The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved June 27, 2016.
      13. "About WVU". West Virginia University. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
      14. "Big 12 Adds Affiliate Members for Gymnastics and Wrestling". Big 12 Conference. July 29, 2015. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
      15. "Big 12 Wrestling Adds Affiliate Members" (Press release). Big 12 Conference. July 5, 2017. Retrieved July 5, 2017.
      16. "MU News Bureau | MU News Bureau". Munews.missouri.edu. August 20, 2012.
      17. "NU enrollment highest in 13 years; up for 5th consecutive year". nebraska.edu. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
      18. "American Athletic Conference Adds Old Dominion as an Affiliate Member in Women's Rowing" (Press release). American Athletic Conference. June 21, 2018. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
      19. "Big 12 Conference – Official Athletic Site" . Retrieved 10 August 2015.
      20. "Bylaw 15.5.3.1.1 Men's Sports (Maximum Equivalency Limits)" (PDF). 2014–15 NCAA Division I Manual. NCAA. p. 199. Retrieved September 18, 2014.[ permanent dead link ]
      21. "Southern Miss & TCU to Join CCSA Beach Volleyball in Spring 2019" (Press release). Coastal Collegiate Sports Association. January 24, 2018. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
      22. "Bylaw 15.5.3.1.1 Men's Sports (Maximum Equivalency Limits)" (PDF). 2014–15 NCAA Division I Manual. NCAA. p. 199. Retrieved September 18, 2014.[ permanent dead link ]
      23. Staples, Andy (May 16, 2014). "Should NCAA alter title game requirements? Look at the rule's origin". Sports Illustrated . Retrieved January 5, 2016.
      24. "Big 12 still deciding on future of conference title game, scheduling". USA Today. June 15, 2010.
      25. "Big 12 To Conduct Football Championship; Revenue Figures Announced – Big 12 Conference – Official Athletic Site". Big12sports.com. Retrieved 2016-06-03.
      26. "College football: FBS conferences with fewer than 12 members now able to hold championship game" (Press release). NCAA. January 13, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016.
      27. 13,427,130 TV households in those states. Archived January 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
      28. "Newswire – Nielsen Estimates 115.6 Million TV Homes in the U.S., Up 1.2% – Nielsen" . Retrieved 10 August 2015.
      29. "Big 12 Conference: Influential people saved league – ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      30. Ubben, David. "Big 12 extends rights deal, cementing future – Big 12 Blog – ESPN". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      31. "By signing away TV rights, Horns offer stability to Big 12". www.statesman.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-26. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      32. "Updated: Big 12 TV deal made official | CollegeFootballTalk". Collegefootballtalk.nbcsports.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      33. Chuck Carlton (2013-05-25). "Carlton: A year into Big 12 tenure, Bob Bowlsby has seen conference stabilize, but won't rest on his laurels | Dallas Morning News". Dallasnews.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      34. "What Exactly Are Tier Three Rights?".
      35. "A Year Later, Big 12 Is Stronger Than Ever – Big 12 Conference – Official Athletic Site". Big12sports.com. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      36. "Longhorn Network Contract Between Texas and ESPN Revealed, Big 12 Future Not Bright". The Big Lead. 2011-08-08. Retrieved 2014-03-29.
      37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Barnhouse, Wendell (June 4, 2010). "Championship Sites Selected". Big 12 Conference. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
      38. Spring Meetings: Friday Media Update. Kansas City, Missouri. 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2013-01-02. This is the place when we always announce the revenue distribution for the year, and we will be distributing 145 million [dollars] to our member institutions at the conclusion of this year.
      39. 1 2 Barnhouse, Wendell (2013-05-31). "Big 12 Announces Record Revenue At Spring Meetings". Big 12 Conference. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
      40. Barnhouse, Wendell (2014-05-30). "Big 12 Announces Record Revenue Distribution". Big 12 Conference. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
      41. Ubben, David (2015-05-29). "Big 12 distributes $252 million in annual revenue". FOX Sports. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
      42. "Big 12 strong financially as teams split $348M in revenue". FOX Sports. June 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-04.
      43. Griffin, Tim (May 26, 2009). "How the Big 12 teams rank in revenue-sharing funds". ESPN. Archived from the original on May 16, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
      44. 1 2 "Sharing A Bright Future". Big 12 Conference. June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
      45. Kerkhoff, Blair (June 5, 2010). "Big 12 problems trace to league's roots". The Kansas City Star . Archived from the original on June 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
      46. Griffin, Tim (2009-05-26). "How the Big 12 teams rank in revenue-sharing funds". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
      47. Matter, Dave (June 3, 2010). "TV is Big 12's shot at curbing grazing". Columbia Daily Tribune . Archived from the original on June 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
      48. "Big 12 and Fox Sports Media Group Announce Landmark Agreement". Big 12 Conference. 2011-04-13.
      49. Barron, David (2011-04-13). "Big 12, Fox Sports reach $1.1 billion TV agreement". Houston Chronicle.
      50. "Big 12 Announces New Media Rights Deal With ESPN & FOX Sports Media Group". Big 12 Conference. 2012-09-07.
      51. McMurphy, Brett (2012-09-07). "Big 12 strikes new media deal". ESPN.
      52. Kerkhoff, Blair (2013-01-16). "Forbes: Big Ten tops revenue list but Big 12 richest league per school". Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2013-01-17.
      53. Big 12 Business Meetings – Commissioner Bowlsby 2. Big 12 Digital Network. 2015-05-29. Retrieved 2015-05-29. [...] and then it ultimately peaks out at about 44 million dollars per school in the late stages of our television agreement.
      54. "Methodology". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28.
      55. 1 2 "NCAA FINANCES". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28.
      56. "Spending database". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28.
      57. "Jack Trice Stadium – Football". Iowa State University Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
      58. "Memorial Stadium". University of Kansas Athletics Department. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
      59. "Kansas State Athletics Facilities". Kansas State University. Archived from the original on September 30, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
      60. "Memorial Stadium". University of Oklahoma Athletics Department. Archived from the original on October 30, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
      61. "Boone Pickens Stadium". Oklahoma State University Athletic Department. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
      62. "Darrell K Royal-Texas Memorial Stadium". University of Texas Athletic Department. Archived from the original on October 28, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
      63. "TCU's Amon G Carter Stadium Upgrades". star-telegram.com. Retrieved 2018-06-08.
      64. "Jayhawks remember nightmare at TCU". KUsports.com. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
      65. "New Jones AT&T Stadium addition moving on schedule". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on August 31, 2010. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
      66. "Demand for Tech football tickets red-hot". ESPN – Dallas/Ft Worth. Archived from the original on December 3, 2010. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
      67. "2010 Texas Tech Red Raiders Football Media Supplement" (PDF). Texas Tech University Athletics. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
      68. "Texas Tech 2010 Football Game 1 Notes (SMU)". Texas Tech University Athletics. Retrieved October 23, 2010.
      69. "Milan Puskar Stadium". West Virginia University Athletics. Archived from the original on August 23, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
      70. "WVU Coliseum". West Virginia University Athletics. Archived from the original on August 23, 2013. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
      71. "New Ballpark". West Virginia University Athletics. Archived from the original on October 7, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
      72. "Iowa State Prolongs Baseball Season". The Telegraph-Herald. Dubuque, Iowa. May 14, 2001.
      73. "About Iowa State Club Baseball". Iowa State Club Baseball. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 31, 2011.
      74. "Summary ALL DIVISIONS/COLLEGIATE TOTAL CHAMPIONSHIPS" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 20, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
      75. http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/stats/champs_records_book/Overall.pdf
      76. "Two New Sports". Big12Sports.com. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
      77. "All-Time Big 12 Championships".
      78. DeLassus, David. "Kansas State University football records—1996". College Football Data Warehouse. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
      79. 1 2 "Football Non-Conference Scheduling Requirement Announced". Big12Sports.com.
      80. "Big 12 approves playoff format". Harlan, Kentucky: Harlan Daily Enterprise, via Google News. Associated Press. June 16, 1995.
      81. Hoover, John E (December 5, 2010). "OU defeats Nebraska 23–20, wins Big 12 title". Tulsa World.
      82. Barfknecht, Lee (June 4, 2010). "Football: Big 12 title game stays in Dallas". Omaha World-Herald. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012.
      83. Brown, Chip (June 14, 2011). "Remaining Schools in Big 12 Close to Saving League". KBTX-TV . Bryan, Texas. Archived from the original on June 16, 2010.
      84. "2013–14 Bowl Agreements". Big 12 Conference. July 1, 2009.
      85. "Border Showdown Continues" . Retrieved 2012-10-23.
      86. 1 2 "Mascot & Football Traditions". mutigers.com. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
      87. "Men's Basketball – 2011–2012 Schedule & Results-All Teams full season schedule". Big 12 official Website. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
      88. Big 12 Sports Basketball Record Book (PDF), Big 12 Conference, 2012, p. 81, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-30, retrieved 2013-05-03
      89. 1 2 http://www.big12sports.com/fls/10410/pdfs/mbasketball/1617guide/complete-mbb-guide.pdf
      90. "Big 12 Baseball 2013 Media Guide; History & Records" (PDF). Big 12 Conference. 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013.