Republic Records

Last updated
Republic Records
Republic records logo.svg
Logo in use since November 2012 [1]
Parent company Universal Music Group
Founded1995;24 years ago (1995)
Country of originUnited States
Location New York City, New York, U.S.
Official website

Republic Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group (UMG). It was founded by Avery Lipman and Monte Lipman as an independent label in 1995, and was acquired by UMG in 2000. Republic was initially an imprint of the Universal/Motown Records Group, and was renamed Universal Republic Records after a reorganization in 2006 before reverting to its original name in 2012. [2] [3] [4]

A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos, while also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists, and maintaining contracts with recording artists and their managers. The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information. Within the mainstream music industry, recording artists have traditionally been reliant upon record labels to broaden their consumer base, market their albums, and be both promoted and heard on music streaming services, radio, and television. Record labels also provide publicists, who assist performers in gaining positive media coverage, and arrange for their merchandise to be available via stores and other media outlets.

Universal Music Group American music corporation

Universal Music Group is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi. UMG's global corporate headquarters are located in Santa Monica, California. It is considered one of the "Big Three" record labels, along with Sony Music and Warner Music Group. Since 2004, the corporation is no longer related to the film studio Universal Studios.

Avery Lipman

Avery Lipman is an American music industry executive. He is the co-founder and current President and COO of Republic Records. Over the course of his career, he had been involved with numerous acts including Ariana Grande, Jack Johnson, Julia Michaels, Post Malone, and numerous others. He is the brother of fellow Republic co-founder and executive, Monte Lipman.


Artists signed to Republic Records include Ariana Grande, Nicki Minaj, Drake, Lil Wayne, Nav, The Weeknd, Taylor Swift, Greta Van Fleet, Black Veil Brides, Andy Black, Jessie J, MIKA, Hailee Steinfeld, Lorde, Post Malone, Florence and the Machine, Julia Michaels, Austin Mahone, Jonas Brothers, 3 Doors Down and DNCE. [5] Its country music subsidiary Republic Nashville has signed Florida Georgia Line, The Band Perry, and Eli Young Band.

Ariana Grande American singer, songwriter and actress

Ariana Grande-Butera is an American singer, songwriter and actress. Born in Florida to a family of New York-Italian origin, she began her career in 2008 in the Broadway musical 13, before playing the role of Cat Valentine in the Nickelodeon television series Victorious (2010–13) and in its spinoff Sam & Cat (2013–14). Grande made her first musical appearance on the soundtrack for Victorious and was signed to Republic Records in 2011 after music executive Monte Lipman came across one of her YouTube videos covering songs.

Nicki Minaj Trinidadian-born American singer, rapper and actress

Onika Tanya Maraj, known professionally as Nicki Minaj, is a Trinidadian-born rapper, singer, songwriter, actress, and model. Born in Saint James, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago and raised in Queens, New York City, she gained public recognition after releasing the mixtapes Playtime Is Over (2007), Sucka Free (2008), and Beam Me Up Scotty (2009).

Lil Wayne American rapper

Dwayne Michael Carter Jr., known professionally as Lil Wayne, is an American rapper, singer, record executive and actor. His career began in 1993, at the age of 11, when he was discovered by Bryan "Birdman" Williams and joined Cash Money Records as the youngest member of the label, and half of the duo The B.G.'z, alongside fellow New Orleans-based rapper B.G.. In 1996, Lil Wayne and B.G. joined the southern hip hop group Hot Boys, with Cash Money label-mates Juvenile and Turk. Hot Boys debuted with Get It How U Live!, that same year. Most of the group's success came with their platinum-selling album Guerrilla Warfare (1999) and the 1999 single "Bling Bling". For many years, he was the flagship artist of Cash Money Records, before ending his long-tenured deal with the company in June 2018.


According to Avery Lipman, he and his brother Monte conceived of Republic Records at the kitchen table in their apartment:

My brother and I had been working at record companies. He was in between jobs and we started putting records out as a hobby. We had a grassroot approach to the business. The first record we put out happened to work really well. That was the Bloodhound Gang. [6]

The newly named Republic Records was formed in 1995 as a subsidiary of MCA's Geffen Records. The Lipman brothers accepted an offer from Universal in 2008, and resigned from UMG in 2011. [7] [8]

MCA Inc. was an American media company founded in 1924. Originally involved only in the music business, the company next became a major force in the film industry, and later expanded into television production. MCA published music, booked acts, ran a record company, represented film, television, and radio stars, and eventually produced and sold television programs to the three major television networks, but had an especially good relationship with NBC.

Geffen Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Interscope Geffen A&M Records imprint.

Universal Records: 1999–2005

Universal Music Group acquired the Lipman brothers' Republic Records as a wholly owned subsidiary in 1999. Monte Lipman was named president of the newly established Universal Records label, and Avery Lipman was named its chief operating officer. They reported to Doug Morris (chairman of Universal Music Group) and Mel Lewinter, chairman of Universal Records Group.

A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company is a company that is owned or controlled by another company, which is called the parent company, parent, or holding company. The subsidiary can be a company, corporation, or limited liability company. In some cases it is a government or state-owned enterprise. In some cases, particularly in the music and book publishing industries, subsidiaries are referred to as imprints.

Monte Lipman American music industry executive

Monte Lipman is an American music industry executive. He is the founder and current CEO of Republic Records. Over the course of his career, he has worked with a wide range of artists, including James Blake, Drake, Florence + the Machine, Ariana Grande, Taylor Swift, Amy Winehouse, and numerous others. He is the brother of Avery Lipman.

The chief operating officer (COO), also called the chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, comprising part of the "C-Suite". The COO is responsible for the daily operation of the company, and routinely reports to the highest-ranking executive, usually the chief executive officer (CEO).

Universal Republic Records: 2006–12

In 2006, Universal Republic adopted an A&R and partnership-based growth strategy. Changes were made at the Universal Motown Republic Group during the summer of 2011. Motown Records was separated from Universal Motown Records; it shut down, transferring its artists to Motown Records or Universal Republic Records. The umbrella label was merged with the Island Def Jam Music Group, making Universal Republic Records a stand-alone label and shutting down the Universal Motown Republic Group.[ citation needed ]

Artists and repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and songwriters. It also acts as a liaison between artists and the record label or publishing company; every activity involving artists to the point of album release is generally considered under the purview, and responsibility, of A&R.

The Island Def Jam Music Group American record label group formed in 1998

The Island Def Jam Music Group (IDJMG) was an American record label group formed in 1998 by combining the operations of 14+ record labels including Island Records, Def Jam Recordings, and Mercury Records. In 2011, Motown Records was split from The Universal/Motown Records Group and subsequently became a division of The Island Def Jam Music Group. On April 1, 2014, Universal Music announced that Island Def Jam's operations would be split between three entities: Island Records, Motown Records, and Def Jam Recordings.

Republic Records revival: 2012–present

In October 2012, Universal Republic Records again re-branded itself as Republic Records to mark the arrival of producer Rick Rubin. [9] All artists on the Universal Republic Records roster were moved to Republic Records. The label has released albums by Lil Wayne, Kid Cudi and Tyga; according to executive vice-president Charlie Walk, the new Republic Records was the number-one soundtrack label. [10] On March 31, 2014, it was announced that Big Machine and Republic Records had revived Dot Records and Chris Stacey would head the label. [11] Dot was the third label (after Valory and Republic Nashville) introduced as part of the Big Machine Label Group. [12]

It was announced on June 20, 2014 that Republic had joined VH1 for a "Make a Band Famous" campaign, which would pick an artist for network appearances and Republic's roster. [13] VH1 and Republic used social media for the campaign. [14] Republic Records had songs in six of the top-10 spots on the Mediabase Top 40 Chart in 2015, tying a 2013 record. [15]

The label appointed former New Line Cinema senior music executive Dana Sano its first executive vice-president of film and television in July 2017. The position oversees film and TV projects and the Federal Films initiative, working with UMG's Polygram Entertainment. [16] In November 2017, the company was named Variety 's Hitmaker Label of the Year. [17] The following year, Republic named Donna Gryn senior vice-president of marketing. [18]


Republic Records' logo
1994-1999 Republic Record's former.png
Republic Records' logo

Republic Records released the Bloodhound Gang's 1994 EP, Dingleberry Haze , [19] and their first LP, Use Your Fingers . Kevin Rudolf's single, "Let It Rock", was certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. [20] Jay Sean's debut single, "Down", sold three million copies in the United States and six million copies worldwide. [21] Sean's follow-up single, "Do You Remember", sold over one million copies. [22]

American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift recorded with Nashville-based Big Machine Records. Swift is a quadruple-platinum artist with 10 Grammy Awards and over 175 million units moved worldwide as of 2014. [23] Jack Johnson has received a number of gold and platinum certifications. [24] Damian Marley's debut album was certified gold and sold one million copies worldwide. [25]

Notable artists

3 Doors Down 2000 Rock band from Escatawpa, Mississippi
Hinder 2006Rock band from Oklahoma
Amy Winehouse 2007British Soul, R&B and jazz singer and songwriter
Nicki Minaj 2008 Contemporary R&B, hip hop and pop rapper, singer and songwriter
Owl City 2009 Electronica project by singer and songwriter Adam Young
Black Veil Brides 2010Rock band from Cincinnati
James Blake 2011Contemporary R&B, electronic, and soul singer and songwriter
Jessie J 2011British Contemporary R&B, pop and soul singer and songwriter
Ariana Grande 2011American Contemporary R&B and pop singer and songwriter
The Weeknd 2012Canadian contemporary R&B and pop singer, songwriter and record producer
Lorde 2013Pop singer and songwriter from New Zealand
St. Vincent 2013Rock singer and songwriter from Tulsa, Oklahoma
Post Malone 2015American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer
Hailee Steinfeld 2015American pop singer from Thousand Oaks, CA
Ski Mask the Slump God 2016American rapper
Greta Van Fleet 2017Rock band from Frankenmuth, Michigan
Taylor Swift 2018American pop singer, songwriter and record producer from Nashville, Tennessee
TXT 2019Korean pop band


Related Research Articles

<i>One Fierce Beer Coaster</i> 1996 studio album by Bloodhound Gang

One Fierce Beer Coaster is the second studio album by American band Bloodhound Gang, released on December 3, 1996. Produced by Jimmy Pop, it was the band's first release on Geffen Records, and the first to feature Michael "Spanky G" Guthier on drums, "Evil" Jared Hasselhoff on bass guitar, and DJ Q-Ball on the turntables. The musical style of One Fierce Beer Coaster is grounded in the alternative rock genre, with prominent rap metal guitar riffs and lyrics rife with toilet humor.

Dot Records record label

Dot Records is an American record label founded by Randy Wood that was active between 1950 and 1979. The label was reactivated in 2014 through a joint venture between Big Machine Label Group and the Republic Records unit of Universal Music Group. Based in Nashville, Tennessee, the label was discontinued in 2017.

PolyGram, founded in 1962, acquired by Universal Music Group in 1998 and merged into that group in 1999, was a Dutch entertainment company, which started as a major record label founded by Dutch Philips and German Siemens as a holding company for their music interests in 1972. The name was chosen to reflect the Siemens interest Polydor Records and the Philips interest Phonogram Records. The company traced its origins through Deutsche Grammophon back to the inventor of the flat disk gramophone, Emil Berliner.

Aftermath Entertainment American record label

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Universal Records was a record label owned by Universal Music Group and operated as part of the Universal Motown Republic Group. The label has been dormant since 2005, due to Universal Motown and Universal Republic Records being formed and taking all of the artists from it. Those labels were eventually combined to form the latest iteration of Republic Records.

Universal Music Group Nashville is Universal Music Group's country music subsidiary. Some of the labels in this group include MCA Nashville Records, Mercury Nashville Records, Lost Highway Records, Capitol Records Nashville and EMI Records Nashville. UMG Nashville not only handles these imprints, but also manages the country music catalogues of record labels Universal Music and predecessor companies acquired over the years including ABC Records, Decca Records, Dot Records, DreamWorks Records, Kapp Records, MGM Records and Polydor Records.

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Big Machine Records American record label

Big Machine Records is an American independent record label distributed by Universal Music Group, specializing in country and pop artists. Big Machine is based on Music Row in Nashville, Tennessee. The label was founded in September 2005 by former DreamWorks Records executive Scott Borchetta and became a joint venture between Borchetta and Country singer Toby Keith. The company concentrates on publishing, management, and merchandising and oversees imprints, such as Valory Music, that are part of the Big Machine Label Group.

Universal Motown Records was an American record label that operated as a division of Universal Motown Republic Group. It was the contemporary incarnation of the legendary Motown Records label, and the "urban" half of UMG, although there were some rock artists on the label as well.

Interscope Geffen A&M Records

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Capitol Music Group American record label

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Doug Morris American record producer

Doug Morris is an American record executive. He is the current chairman of Sony Music Entertainment. He previously served as chairman and CEO of the Universal Music Group from 1995 to 2011 and Sony Music Entertainment from 2011 to 2017.


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  25. Damian "Jr. Gong" Marley’s Welcome To Jamrock Certified Gold by RIAA; Project Also Nominated for Two Grammy Awards. World Music (February 4, 2006).