Lucian Grainge

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Sir Lucian Grainge
Birth nameLucian Charles Grainge
Born (1960-02-29) 29 February 1960 (age 59)
London, England, United Kingdom
Occupation(s)Chairman & chief executive officer, Universal Music Group
Years active1982–present
Labels Universal Music Group

Sir Lucian Charles Grainge CBE (born 29 February 1960) [1] is the chairman and chief executive officer of Universal Music Group. Over the course of his career, he has been instrumental in the careers of artists such as Amy Winehouse, ABBA, Eurythmics, Rihanna, Sam Smith, Take That, Psychedelic Furs, The Rolling Stones, Sting, Jamie Cullum and Andrea Bocelli. [2] [3] [4] Grainge has worked in the music business for his entire career. [5] He topped Billboard Magazine's "Power 100" list as the most powerful person in the music business in 2013, 2015, 2016, and 2019. [6] He is the only person to ever hold that distinction more than once and for consecutive years. [3] [7] [8]

Universal Music Group American music corporation

Universal Music Group is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi. UMG's global corporate headquarters are located in Santa Monica, California. It is considered one of the "Big Three" music companies, along with Sony Music and Warner Music Group. Since 2004, the corporation is no longer related to the film studio Universal Studios. In 2019, Fast Company named Universal Music Group the most innovative music company and listed UMG among the Top 50 most innovative companies in the world and "amid the music industry's digital transformation, Universal is redefining what a modern label should look like." UMG has signed licensing agreements with more than 400 platforms worldwide.

Amy Winehouse English singer and songwriter

Amy Jade Winehouse was an English singer and songwriter. She was known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul, rhythm and blues, and jazz. Winehouse's debut album, Frank (2003), was a critical success in the UK and was nominated for the Mercury Prize. Her follow-up album, Back to Black (2006), led to five 2008 Grammy Awards, tying the then record for the most wins by a female artist in a single night, and made her the first British woman to win five Grammys, including three of the General Field "Big Four" Grammy Awards: Best New Artist, Record of the Year and Song of the Year.

ABBA Swedish pop group

ABBA are a Swedish pop group formed in Stockholm in 1972 by Agnetha Fältskog, Björn Ulvaeus, Benny Andersson and Anni-Frid Lyngstad. The group's name is an acronym of the first letters of their first names. They became one of the most commercially successful acts in the history of popular music, topping the charts worldwide from 1974 to 1982. ABBA won the Eurovision Song Contest 1974 at The Dome in Brighton, UK, giving Sweden its first triumph in the contest. They are the most successful group to have taken part in the competition.

Contents

Irving Azoff called him "'the great hope for the music business'" and Jimmy Iovine commented that Grainge "is working to restore [a] spirit of risk-taking and innovation" by being "'willing and open to entrepreneurship and that kind of thing the record industry has gotten depleted of.'" [9]

Irving Azoff is an American entertainment executive and chairman of Full Stop Management, which represents recording artists.

Jimmy Iovine American music executive

James Iovine is an American record producer best known as the co-founder of Interscope Records. In 2006, Iovine and rapper-producer Dr. Dre founded Beats Electronics, which produces audio products and operated a now-defunct music streaming service. The company was purchased by Apple Inc. for $3 billion in May 2014.

In an interview with Grainge, Billboard wrote: “If “power” means moving markets or greenlighting massive spends, Universal Music Group chairman Lucian Grainge demonstrated a staggering penchant for it when UMG completed its $1.9 billion acquisition of EMI's recorded-music assets in September 2012. Grainge is a fierce and tireless advocate for the recorded-music business." [10] In 2013, CNET wrote that “Grainge is positioning Universal to lead the pack” of major labels in their embracing of new digital opportunities. [11] A 2014 front-page LA Times profile of Grainge said that "if anyone can save the music business, it might be Grainge." [9] In 2015, Billboard wrote, “in the age of Spotify, YouTube and Shazam, Grainge is positioned to tackle his business' overriding priority: win fair compensation for artists, and take full ownership of content that other parties have been profiting from.” [3]

Early life and career

Lucian Grainge grew up in North London. Grainge worked his way up in the London music scene after leaving Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School for Boys at the age of 18, when he began working as a runner at a talent scout company called MPC. [5] After calling several record label heads from the Music Week directory, he got through to Maurice Oberstein, the chairman of CBS Records, who hired him for publishing company April Music's A&R department. His first signing was the Psychedelic Furs. In 1982 he became the director of RCA Music Publishing. Two years later he became an A&R director for MCA Records. He set up PolyGram Music Publishing in 1986 and joined Polydor as GM of A&R and business affairs in 1993. He was promoted to managing director of Polydor in 1997, and had success with acts including Boyzone and the Lighthouse Family. [12] Since becoming chairman and Chief Executive of Universal Music in 2011, Grainge has overseen a strategy to increase Universal's digital distribution, international expansion and market leadership in both recorded music and publishing. Best-selling artists signed to Universal Music in recent years have included Drake, Rihanna, Lady Gaga, Post Malone, Katy Perry, and Maroon 5. [13]

North London is an informally and inexactly defined part of London, England which covers some of the area of the capital lying north of the River Thames. North London extends from Clerkenwell and Finsbury on the edge of the City of London financial district, to Greater London's boundary with Hertfordshire. The constituent districts were traditionally part of Middlesex with the exception of a small area around Barnet which was part of Hertfordshire.

Maurice Louis "Obie" Oberstein was an American music business executive. He spent most of his career in Britain, where he was credited as "one of the chief architects of the modern UK record industry".

MCA Records US record label, imprint of MCA Records, Inc.

MCA Records was an American record label owned by MCA Inc., which later gave way to the larger MCA Music Entertainment Group, which the label was part of until its dissolution in 2003. The label's country division MCA Nashville is a still active imprint of Universal Music Group Nashville.

Universal Music Group

Grainge became the chairman of the UK division of the Universal Music Group and later became chairman of Universal Music Group International in 2005. He served in this position until 2010. On 1 January 2011 he became CEO of the Universal Music Group and later became chairman on 9 March 2011. He succeeded Doug Morris who served as chairman and CEO since 1995. [14]

Doug Morris American record producer

Doug Morris is an American record executive. He is the current chairman of Sony Music Entertainment. He previously served as chairman and CEO of the Universal Music Group from 1995 to 2011 and Sony Music Entertainment from 2011 to 2017.

Grainge has been influential in Universal Music Group's international digital expansion by pioneering distribution models with a wide range of technology partners, including Apple, Spotify, Facebook, Tencent, and YouTube. [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21]

Apple Inc. Technology company; developer of consumer electronics and multimedia platforms

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services. It is considered one of the Big Four of technology along with Amazon, Google, and Facebook.

Spotify Music streaming service

Spotify Technology S.A. is a Swedish media-services provider founded in 2006. The company's primary business is its audio streaming platform that provides DRM-protected music and podcasts from record labels and media companies. As a freemium service, basic features are free with advertisements or automatic music videos, while additional features, such as improved streaming quality, are offered via paid subscriptions.

Facebook Global online social networking service

Facebook, Inc. is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg, along with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz and Chris Hughes. It is considered one of the Big Four technology companies along with Amazon, Apple, and Google.

Grainge led the 2017 multi-year global license agreement between UMG and Spotify. Following the deal, Grainge was praised by Spotify Chairman & CEO Daniel Ek for his leadership and for delivering "on the promise of the new music economy for all the people who make music and all the people who love it." [22]

Susan Wojcicki, CEO of YouTube, said Grainge's deal with the platform "can drive more value to the industry, break and support more artists and deliver an incredible music experience to fans around the world." [23] [24]

Grainge led the acquisition of Bravado, then part of Sanctuary, and transformed it into UMG's entertainment merchandising and brand management division, Bravado, which has since been at the forefront of elevating concert merchandise with special campaigns and limited editions collections. The company represents artists such as Justin Bieber, Lady Gaga, and Kanye West, and has partnered with retailers including Barneys, Bloomingdale's and Selfridge's. [25] [26] [24] [27]

Grainge also oversaw expansion for flagship classical labels Deutsche Grammophon and Decca Classics. He also put together the global strategic partnership with entertainment company Live Nation. [28]

Within his first year as chairman & CEO of Universal, he led the company in acquiring EMI's Recorded Music operations. [29] In doing so he argued that selling to Universal was the only way to make EMI better and thus lift the entire industry. [30] He made the revitalisation of former EMI labels such as Capitol Records and Virgin Records a key part of his strategy. [31] As a result of the EMI acquisition, "Grainge will go down as the master architect of what is likely to be the last big deal in the music business." [30]

In the EMI deal, UMG acquired the Beatles catalogue. UMG's merchandising division, Bravado, subsequently secured North American merchandising for the band. [32] UMG is now creating a "unified marketing strategy for the music and associated products of the most influential and beloved band in the history of music." [33] The wisdom of the acquisition was further illustrated by the quick success of the revitalized Capitol Music Group. [34] In 2015, Capitol earned all the major Grammy Awards for the year, with Sam Smith receiving Best New Artist, Record of the Year and Song of the Year awards and Beck winning Album of the Year. [35]

Under Grainge's leadership, UMG has broken several records, becoming the first company in the US to have nine of the top 10 songs on the digital charts, according to SoundScan, [36] and weeks later, becoming the first company to hold all 10 of the top 10 spots on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. [37] In Nielsen's 2018 US Music Mid-Year report, UMG made history with eight of the Top 10 Artists, including all of the top five, as well as all the top eight artists ranked by on-demand audio streams. [38] In 2017, Grainge was credited with tripling the value of UMG to $22 billion. [39] In July 2018, JPMorgan said that UMG could be worth as much as $40 billion [40] and then increased the valuation to $50 billion in 2019. [41]

In 2015, Grainge was featured in a documentary film that depicts the life and death of late British singer Amy Winehouse, entitled Amy , which was released theatrically in July.

In 2015, Vivendi announced that Grainge agreed to extend his tenure as UMG's chairman and CEO until at least 2020, stating he was key to its strategy. [42] Under his leadership, UMG experienced growth in annual revenue, digital recorded music revenue and EBITDA. [43]

In 2018, UMG announced a strategic expansion in Africa, opening an office in Abidjan to oversee French-speaking Africa, and also unveiling a Universal Music Nigeria office in Lagos to focus on signing local artists and taking them global. [44] [45]

Personal life

In January 1993, Grainge married his first wife, attorney Samantha Berg. That November, she experienced complications while giving birth to their son Elliot, and fell into a coma from which she never recovered. [46] She died in England in 2007. [47]

In 2002 Grainge married his second wife, Caroline. Their daughter Alice was born in 2001. In November 2012 Grainge and his wife reportedly paid US$13 million for a house in Pacific Palisades. They had previously leased a Brentwood home from the owner of Rhino Entertainment. [48]

His older brother was Nigel Grainge, the founder of Ensign Records. [49]

Industry honours and other achievements

In 2008, Grainge was honoured with the prestigious Music Industry Trusts’ Award, which recognises the world's most influential and successful executives in music. Members of U2 presented him with the award, and other acts he was associated with, like Take That, performed.

Grainge was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2010 New Year Honours for services to the creative industries. [50] In 2012, he was appointed as a British Business Ambassador by the UK Prime Minister. [51] [52] He was knighted in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to British business and inward investment. [53] He was inaugurated to appointment to the Order of the British Empire and Knight Bachelor by Prince William on November 29, 2016. [54]

Grainge is a Trustee of The American Friends of The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry. [55]

In 2013, he received the Humanitarian Award from The Foundation for Ethnic Understanding. That same year, UMG was honoured with a SAG-AFTRA American Scene Award, recognising the company's commitment to diversity as exemplified by its "entire catalog and roster of artists." [56] In 2014, he was awarded the President's Merit Award ("Icon Award") by the Grammy Award in recognition of his significant contributions to the music industry. [57] [58] In 2015, he received the Spirit of Life Award from the City of Hope, recognizing his outstanding achievements in business and his dedication to philanthropic causes. [59]

Grainge serves on the boards of Lionsgate and Northeastern University. [60] [61]

In October 2016, Variety presented Grainge with its 2016 Empowerment Award for overseeing a "noticeable shift in the demographics of the industry leader’s C-suites” with women occupying some of the highest executive positions at Universal Music Group. [62]

In May 2017 the Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity announced that Grainge would be honored as the 2017 Media Person of the Year. He is the first music executive to be recognized since the award was launched in 1999. [63] Philip Thomas, CEO of Ascential Events, organizers of Cannes Lions, recognized his "...bold investments in music and technology that helped return the industry to growth, while continuing to foster an environment that puts artists first." [64]

In June 2018, Grainge was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame with the Howie Richmond Hitmaker award. At the ceremony, Ariana Grande performed in his honor and Grainge was inducted by The Weeknd. [65]

He was awarded an honorary doctorate of music by the Berklee College of Music in May 2016 [66] and an honorary doctorate of global commerce by Northeastern University in May 2017. [67]

In March 2019, Grainge received a PTTOW! Icon Award, which "honors trailblazers in their industries who have had an impact on culture around the world." [68]

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Preceded by
Doug Morris
Chairman & Chief Executive Officer of Universal Music Group
1 January 2011 to Present
Succeeded by
incumbent