Pac-12 Conference

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Pac-12 Conference
Pac-12 logo.svg
FormerlyPacific Coast Conference
(PCC, 1915–1959)
Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU, 1959–1968)
Pacific-8 (1968–1978)
Pacific-10 (1978–2011)
Association NCAA
Founded1915;108 years ago (1915)
(as Pacific Coast Conference)
1959;64 years ago (1959)
(as AAWU)
Commissioner George Kliavkoff (since July 1, 2021)
Sports fielded
  • 24
    • men's: 11
    • women's: 13
Division Division I
Subdivision FBS
No. of teams12 (10 in 2024)
Headquarters San Francisco, California
Region Southwest
Official website pac-12.com
Locations
Pac-12 Conference states.svg

The Pac-12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference, that operates in the Western United States, participating in 24 sports at the NCAA Division I level. Its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the highest level of college football in the nation.

Contents

The conference's 12 members are located in the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. They include each state's flagship public university, four additional public universities, and two private research universities.

The modern Pac-12 conference formed after the disbanding of the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), whose principal members founded the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU) in 1959. The conference previously went by the names Big Five, Big Six, Pacific-8, and Pacific-10. The Pac-12 moniker was adopted in 2011 with the addition of Colorado and Utah.

Nicknamed the "Conference of Championships", the Pac-12 has won more NCAA national championships in team sports than any other conference in history. The top three schools with the most NCAA team championships are members of the Pac-12: Stanford, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and University of Southern California (USC), respectively. Washington's national title in women's rowing in 2017 was the 500th NCAA championship won by a Pac-12 school. [1]

On June 30, 2022, amid the broader 2021–22 NCAA conference realignment, UCLA and USC announced plans to leave the Pac-12 for the Big Ten Conference starting in 2024. [2] [3]

Member schools

USA Region West location map.svg
Blue pog.svg
Cal
Red pog.svg
UCLA
Red pog.svg
USC
Blue pog.svg
Stanford
Blue pog.svg
Oregon
Blue pog.svg
Oregon State
Blue pog.svg
Washington
Blue pog.svg
Washington State
Blue pog.svg
Arizona State
Blue pog.svg
Arizona
Blue pog.svg
Utah
Blue pog.svg
Colorado
Yellow pog.svg
San Diego State
Yellow pog.svg
Little Rock
Yellow pog.svg
CS Bakersfield
Yellow pog.svg
Cal Poly
Green pog.svg
UC Davis
Pac-12 Conference Member Locations
Blue pog.svg – Full members
Red pog.svg – Full members, departing
Yellow pog.svg – Associate members (Not shown: Little Rock)
Green pog.svg – Future Associate Members

Full members

The Pac-12 has twelve full member institutions. Football used to be the only sport where the conference is split into two divisions, the North Division and the South Division.

The Pac-12's members are spread evenly between 3 regions, with 4 schools each in California, the Pacific Northwest, and the Four Corners region.

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentEndowmentNicknameColors
University of Arizona Tucson, Arizona 18851978 Public 51,137 [4] $1.26 billion Wildcats    
Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona 1885197879,232 [5] $1.25 billion Sun Devils    
University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, California 1868191545,307 [6] $2.92 billion Golden Bears    
University of California, Los Angeles [lower-alpha 1] Los Angeles, California 19191928Public45,900 [7] $3.89 billion Bruins    
University of Colorado, Boulder Boulder, Colorado 18762011Public36,430 [8] $2.12 billion Buffaloes      
University of Oregon Eugene, Oregon 1876191523,202 [9] $1.19 billion Ducks    
Oregon State University Corvallis, Oregon 1868191535,239 [10] $0.83 billion Beavers    
University of Southern California [lower-alpha 1] Los Angeles, California 18801922 Private 49,500 [11] $8 billion Trojans    
Stanford University Stanford, California 18911918Private16,937 [12] $37.80 billion Cardinal    
University of Utah Salt Lake City, Utah 18502011Public34,900 [13] $1.32 billion Utes    
University of Washington Seattle, Washington 1861191549,165 [14] $4.07 billion Huskies    
Washington State University Pullman, Washington 1890191724,139 [15] $1.28 billion Cougars    
Notes
  1. 1 2 Signed a deal in the summer of 2022 to leave the Pac-12 and join the Big Ten Conference in the 2024-25 academic year.

Affiliate members

The Pac-12 has three affiliate member institutions in California and one in Arkansas.

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsPac-12
sport(s)
Primary
conference
California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, California 19011986–87Public21,812 [16] Mustangs      Wrestling Big West
California State University, Bakersfield [lower-alpha 1] Bakersfield, California 19651987–8811,206 [19] Roadrunners    
University of Arkansas at Little Rock Little Rock, Arkansas 19272019–208,197 [20] Trojans       OVC
San Diego State University San Diego, California 18972005–0635,723 [21] Aztecs    Men's soccer Mountain West
Notes
  1. Cal State–Bakersfield initially announced it would become a men's soccer affiliate starting in 2013, [17] but never went through with those plans, accepting an invitation to become an all-sports member of the Western Athletic Conference, which sponsors men's soccer, also in 2013; it would move to the Big West Conference, which also sponsors men's soccer, in 2020. The school maintains its Pac-12 affiliation in wrestling, which neither the WAC nor the Big West sponsors. [18]

Future affiliate members

The Pac-12 women's lacrosse league will add two affiliate members, both from California, in the 2024 season (2023–24 school year). San Diego State, already a men's soccer member, will add women's lacrosse to its Pac-12 membership. [22]

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoiningTypeEnrollmentNicknameColorsPac-12
sport(s)
Primary
conference
San Diego State University San Diego, California 18972023–24Public35,723 [21] Aztecs    Women's lacrosse Mountain West
University of California, Davis (UC Davis) Davis, California 190841,500 [23] Aggies    Women's lacrosse Big West

Former members

No school has left the Pac-12 since its founding as the AAWU in 1959. Two members of the PCC were not invited to join the AAWU or its successors.

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeNicknameColorsCurrent
conference
University of Idaho Moscow, Idaho 188919221959Public Vandals     Big Sky
University of Montana Missoula, Montana 189319241950 Grizzlies    

Former affiliate members

InstitutionLocationFoundedJoinedLeftTypeNicknameColorsPac-12
sport
Primary
conference
Boise State University Boise, Idaho 193219872017Public Broncos    Wrestling [lower-alpha 1] Mountain West
University of California, Davis Davis, California 190519922010 Aggies     Big West
University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California 190920102015 Gauchos    Men's swimming & diving [lower-alpha 2]
California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, California 1901 Mustangs      
California State University, Fresno Fresno, California 191119861991 Bulldogs    Wrestling [lower-alpha 3] Mountain West
California State University, Fullerton Fullerton, California 19572011 Titans       Big West
Eastern Washington University Cheney, Washington 188219821990 Eagles    Baseball Big Sky
Gonzaga University Spokane, Washington 18871995Private Bulldogs       West Coast
Portland State University Portland, Oregon 194619831998Public Vikings      Wrestling Big Sky
19982009
University of Portland Portland, Oregon 190119821995Private Pilots    Baseball West Coast
San Jose State University San Jose, California 185719861988Public Spartans      Wrestling Mountain West
Utah State University Logan, Utah 18881989 Aggies      
Notes
  1. Boise State dropped wrestling after the 2016–17 season.
  2. UCSB's men's swimming & diving team now competes in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation.
  3. Fresno State eventually dropped wrestling after the 2005–06 season. The program was revived in 2017 and competed in the Big 12 Conference until being discontinued again after the 2020–21 season.

Facilities

SchoolFootball stadiumCapacityBasketball arenaCapacityBaseball stadiumCapacity
Arizona Arizona Stadium 50,800 [24] McKale Center 14,655 [25] Hi Corbett Field 9,500 [26]
Arizona State Sun Devil Stadium 53,599 [27] Desert Financial Arena 14,198 [28] Phoenix Municipal Stadium 8,775 [29]
California California Memorial Stadium 63,000 [30] Haas Pavilion 11,858 [31] Evans Diamond 2,500 [32]
Colorado Folsom Field 50,183 [33] CU Events Center 11,064 [34] No team, dropped in 1980
Oregon Autzen Stadium 54,000 [35] Matthew Knight Arena 12,346 [36] PK Park 3,600 [37]
Oregon State Reser Stadium 43,363 [38] Gill Coliseum 9,604 [39] Goss Stadium at Coleman Field 3,248 [40]
Stanford Stanford Stadium 50,424 [41] Maples Pavilion 7,233 [42] Klein Field at Sunken Diamond 4,000 [43]
UCLA Rose Bowl 92,542 [44] Pauley Pavilion 13,800 [45] [46] Jackie Robinson Stadium 1,820 [47]
USC Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum 77,500 [48] Galen Center 10,258 [49] Dedeaux Field 2,500 [50]
Utah Rice-Eccles Stadium 51,444 [51] Jon M. Huntsman Center 15,000 [52] Smith's Ballpark 15,411 [53]
Washington Husky Stadium 70,083 [54] Hec Edmundson Pavilion 10,000 [55] Husky Ballpark 2,212 [56]
Washington State Martin Stadium 32,952 [57] Beasley Coliseum 11,671 [58] Bailey-Brayton Field 3,500 [59]

    Key personnel

    SchoolAthletic directorFootball coachSalary [60] Men's basketball coachSalary [61] Women's basketball coachBaseball coachSoftball coachVolleyball coach (women, men)
    Arizona Dave Heeke Jedd Fisch $2,850,000 Tommy Lloyd $4,000,000 Adia Barnes Chip Hale Caitlin Lowe Charita Stubbs
    Arizona State Ray Anderson Kenny Dillingham $3,850,000 Bobby Hurley $2,600,000 Natasha Adair Willie Bloomquist Tricia Ford Sanja Tomasevic
    California Jim Knowlton Justin Wilcox $4,750,000 Mark Fox $1,900,000 Charmin Smith Mike Neu Chelsea Spencer Sam Crosson
    Colorado Rick George Deion Sanders $5,900,000 Tad Boyle $2,425,000 JR Payne No teamNo teamJesse Mahoney
    Oregon Rob Mullens Dan Lanning $4,850,000 Dana Altman $3,780,000 Kelly Graves Mark Wasikowski Melyssa LombardiMatt Ulmer
    Oregon State Scott Barnes Jonathan Smith $4,850,000 Wayne Tinkle $2,676,668 Scott Rueck Mitch Canham Laura BergMark Barnard
    Stanford Bernard Muir Troy Taylor NA† Jerod Haase NA† Tara VanDerveer David Esquer Jessica Allister Kevin Hambly
    UCLA Martin Jarmond Chip Kelly $5,600,000 Mick Cronin $4,100,000 Cori Close John Savage Kelly Inouye-Perez Michael Sealy, John Speraw
    USC Mike Bohn Lincoln Riley NA† Andy Enfield NA† Lindsay Gottlieb Andy Stankiewicz No team Brad Keller
    Utah Mark Harlan Kyle Whittingham $6,830,000 Craig Smith $1,950,000 Lynne Roberts Gary Henderson Amy HogueBeth Launiere
    Washington Jennifer Cohen Kalen DeBoer $4,500,000 Mike Hopkins $2,900,000 Tina Langley Jason Kelly Heather Tarr Keegan Cook
    Washington State Pat Chun Jake Dickert $2,700,000 Kyle Smith $1,500,000 Kamie Ethridge Brian Green No teamJen Greeny

    †Private institution not required to release coaching salaries •Salaries based on 2022–2023 academic year

    Academics

    Nine of the twelve member schools are members of the Association of American Universities (AAU) as of 2019, including all four California-based schools, [62] as well as at least one university in each state that has a Pac-12 member university. This is the second-highest number of AAU universities among FBS conferences (behind only the Big Ten Conference).

    Additionally, these member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and Times Higher Education World University Rankings (Times).

    Athletic department revenue by school

    Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights and licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, concessions, and novelties. Total expenses includes coach and staff salaries, scholarships, buildings and grounds, maintenance, utilities and rental fees, recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues, and insurance.

    The following table is updated to show institutional reporting to the Department of Education as shown on the DOE Equity in Athletics website for the 2013–14 academic year. The national ranking of revenue is based on 2075 institutions reporting to the Department of Education that year.

    Conf
    rank
    (2013–14)
    National
    rank
    (2013–14)
    Institution2013–14
    Total revenue
    from athletics
    2013–14
    Total expenses
    on athletics
    112 Stanford University $110,240,490$110,240,490
    213 University of Southern California $106,528,649$106,528,649
    319 University of Washington $100,275,186$86,097,136
    422 University of Arizona $97,630,769$93,273,995
    527 University of California, Berkeley $90,262,140$76,446,272
    633 University of California, Los Angeles $86,426,780$86,426,780
    735 University of Oregon $81,546,443$79,961,755
    845 Arizona State University $72,775,808$72,599,644
    955 Oregon State University $67,033,751$67,033,751
    1060 University of Colorado $64,303,098$64,303,098
    1162 Washington State University $60,727,273$60,727,273
    1265 University of Utah $59,005,590$57,819,434

    Apparel

    SchoolProvider
    Arizona Nike
    Arizona State Adidas
    California Nike
    Colorado Nike
    Oregon Nike
    Oregon State Nike, Asics (volleyball only)
    Stanford Nike
    UCLA Jordan
    USC Nike
    Utah Under Armour
    Washington Adidas
    Washington State Nike

    History

    Pacific Coast Conference

    The roots of the Pac-12 Conference go back to December 2, 1915, when the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was founded at a meeting at the Imperial Hotel in Portland, Oregon. [63] Charter members were the University of California (now University of California, Berkeley), University of Washington, University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University). The PCC began play in 1916.

    One year later, Washington State College (now Washington State University) joined the league, followed by Stanford University in 1918.

    In 1922, the PCC expanded to eight teams with the admission of USC and Idaho. Montana joined the Conference in 1924, and in 1928, the PCC grew to 10 members with the addition of UCLA.

    For many years, the conference split into two divisions for basketball and baseball – a Southern Division comprising the four California schools and a Northern Division comprising the six schools in the Pacific Northwest.

    In 1950, Montana departed to join the Mountain States Conference. The PCC continued as a nine-team league through June 1959.

    AAWU (Big Five and Big Six)

    Following "pay-for-play" scandals at California, USC, UCLA, and Washington, the PCC disbanded in June 1959. Ten months earlier in August 1958, these four schools agreed to form a new conference that would take effect the following summer. [64] [65] When the four schools and Stanford began discussions for a new conference in 1959, retired Admiral Thomas J. Hamilton interceded and suggested the schools consider creating a national "power conference" (Hamilton had been a key player, head coach, and athletic director at Navy, and was the current athletic director at Pittsburgh). Nicknamed the "Airplane Conference," [66] [67] [68] the five former PCC schools would have played with other major academically-oriented schools, including Army, Navy, Air Force, Notre Dame, Pitt, Penn State, and Syracuse. [66] [69] The effort fell through when a Pentagon official vetoed the idea and the service academies backed out. [70]

    On July 1, 1959, the new Athletic Association of Western Universities was launched, with California, UCLA, USC, and Washington as the four charter members. [71] Stanford joined during the first month. [65] [72] Hamilton left Pittsburgh to become the first commissioner of the AAWU, [71] [73] and remained for twelve years. [74] The conference also was popularly known as the Big Five from 1960 to 1962. [75] When Washington State joined in 1962, [76] the conference became informally known as the Big Six. [75] [77] The new league inherited the PCC's berth in the Rose Bowl; since 1947, the PCC champion had received an automatic bid to the bowl.

    Pacific-8

    Oregon and Oregon State joined in the summer of 1964. [78] [79] [80] With their addition, the conference was known unofficially as the Pacific AthleticConference, [81] [82] [83] [84] [85] and then the Pacific-8 (as there already was a major conference called the Big Eight). In 1968, the AAWU formally renamed itself the Pacific-8 Conference, or Pac-8 for short. The Pac-8 did not allow a second bowl team from the conference until the 1975 season; [86] in basketball, participation in the National Invitation Tournament (NIT) was not allowed until 1973. [87]

    Idaho was never invited to join the AAWU; [80] the Vandals were independent for four years until the formation of the Big Sky Conference in 1963, and were independent in football until 1965.

    Pacific-10

    Final Pac-10 Conference logo Pacific-10 Conference logo.png
    Final Pac-10 Conference logo

    In 1978, the conference added Arizona and Arizona State from the Western Athletic Conference, becoming the Pacific-10 Conference or Pac-10. The invitations to the schools were extended in December 1976, [88] and the expansion formally announced in May 1977. [89]

    In 1986, the Pac-10 began sponsoring women's athletics. Prior to this time members' women's teams competed with other large universities on the Pacific coast in either the Northern Pacific Conference or the Western Collegiate Athletic Association.

    In the mid-1990s the conference expressed interest in admitting the University of Colorado and the University of Texas after the collapse of the Southwest Conference. Texas expressed an interest in joining a strong academic conference, but joined three fellow Southwest Conference schools (Texas A&M, Texas Tech, and Baylor) to merge with the Big Eight Conference to form the Big 12 Conference in 1996. Colorado elected to remain in the newly formed Big 12. [90]

    Before the addition of Colorado and Utah in 2011, only the Ivy League had maintained its membership for a longer time than the Pac-10 among Division I conferences. Commissioner Larry Scott said on February 9, 2010, that the window for expansion was open for the next year as the conference began negotiations for a new television deal. Speaking on a conference call to introduce former Big 12 commissioner Kevin Weiberg as his new deputy, Scott talked about possibly adding new teams to the conference and launching a new television network. [91] Scott, the former head of the Women's Tennis Association, took over the conference in July 2009. In his first eight months on the job, he saw growing interest from the membership over the possibility of adding teams for the first time since Arizona and Arizona State joined the conference in 1978.

    Pac-12

    In early June 2010, there were reports that the Pac-10 was considering adding up to six teams to the conference: the University of Texas, Texas A&M University, Texas Tech University, the University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, and the University of Colorado. [92]

    On June 10, 2010, the University of Colorado Boulder officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective starting with the 2012–2013 academic year. [93] [94] The school later announced it would join the conference a year earlier than previously announced, in the 2011–2012 academic year.

    On June 15, 2010, a deal was reached between Texas and the Big 12 Conference to keep Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Oklahoma, and Oklahoma State in the Big 12. Following Texas' decision, the other Big 12 schools that had been rumored candidates to join the Pac-10 announced they would remain in the Big 12. This deal effectively ended the Pac-10's ambition to potentially become a sixteen-team conference. [95]

    On June 17, 2010, the University of Utah officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective starting July 2011. [93] Utah was a member of the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) with Arizona and Arizona State before those two left for the Pac-10 in 1978. The Utes left an expanded WAC with seven other schools in 1999 to form the new Mountain West Conference. Utah became the first "BCS Buster" to join a BCS conference, having played in (and won) two BCS games beforehand.

    On July 27, 2010, the conference unveiled a new logo and announced that the Pac-10 would be renamed the Pac-12 when Utah and Colorado formally joined in July 2011. On October 21, the Pac-12 announced that its football competition would be split into two divisions—a North Division comprising the Pacific Northwest and Bay Area schools, and a South Division comprising the Mountain Time Zone and Southern California schools. On July 1, 2011, the Pac-12 assumed its current alignment when both Colorado and Utah officially joined as full members.

    On August 15, 2012, the conference debuted the Pac-12 Network. It was the third college sports conference to launch a dedicated network, and the first to completely fund and own their own network outright. Since 2014, the conference has been headquartered in San Francisco, California, with the conference moving to working remotely once the lease expires in June 2023. [96] It had been based in the nearby East Bay suburb of Walnut Creek since the late 1970s. [97]

    NCAA conference realignment (2021–present)

    On August 24, 2021, the Pac-12, ACC, and Big Ten announced the formation of a "historic alliance" that would bring their member institutions "together on a collaborative approach surrounding the future evolution of college athletics and scheduling." [98] The formation of this alliance between 3 of the Power Five conferences was in response to Oklahoma and Texas announcing plans to leave the Big-12 and join the SEC. The alliance included an inter-conference scheduling component for football and men's and women's basketball. In 2021, the Pac-12 paid $19.8 million to its member schools, the lowest distribution in the Power Five. [99]

    On June 30, 2022, UCLA [100] and USC [101] announced their departure to the Big Ten Conference beginning in the 2024–25 academic year.

    Membership timeline

    The Pac-12 claims the PCC's history as its own. Not only does it maintain the automatic bid from the Rose Bowl inherited from the PCC, but the eight largest schools in the old PCC all eventually joined the new league. However, the old PCC operated under a separate charter.

    The Pac-12 is one of the founding members of the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (MPSF), a conference organized to provide competition in non-revenue Olympic sports. All-Pac-12 members participate in at least one MPSF sport (men's and women's indoor track and field both actually have enough participating Pac-12 schools for the conference to sponsor a championship, but the Pac-12 has opted not to do so). For certain sports, the Pac-12 admits certain schools as associate members.

    University of UtahMountain West ConferenceWestern Athletic ConferenceMountain States ConferenceRocky Mountain Faculty Athletic ConferenceUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBig 12 ConferenceBig Eight ConferenceMountain States ConferenceRocky Mountain Faculty Athletic ConferenceArizona State UniversityWestern Athletic ConferenceBorder ConferenceUniversity of ArizonaWestern Athletic ConferenceBorder ConferenceBig Ten ConferenceUniversity of California, Los AngelesSouthern California Intercollegiate Athletic ConferenceBig Sky ConferenceMountain States ConferenceUniversity of MontanaBig Sky ConferenceWestern Athletic ConferenceBig West ConferenceBig Sky ConferenceUniversity of IdahoBig Ten ConferenceUniversity of Southern CaliforniaStanford UniversityWashington State UniversityOregon State UniversityUniversity of OregonUniversity of WashingtonUniversity of California, BerkeleyPac-12 Conference

     Full members 

    The Pac-12 Conference sponsors championship competition in 10 men's and 13 women's NCAA-sanctioned sports, plus one men's sport that is not sanctioned by the NCAA. Four schools are associate members, each in a single men's sport. [102]

    The newest sport to be sponsored by the Pac-12 is women's lacrosse, which began play in spring 2018 following the elevation of Arizona State's club team to full varsity status. [103]

    Pac-12 teams in conference competition
    SportMen'sWomen's
    Baseball 11
    Basketball 1212
    Beach volleyball ^9
    Cross country 912
    Football 12
    Golf 1211
    Gymnastics 8
    Lacrosse 6
    Rowing67
    Soccer 612
    Softball 9
    Swimming & Diving 89
    Tennis 811
    Track & Field Outdoor 1012
    Volleyball 12
    Wrestling 6

    Men's sponsored sports by school

    Member-by-member sponsorship of the 11 men's Pac-12 sports.

    SchoolBaseballBasket­ballCross
    Country
    FootballGolfRowing [lower-alpha 1] SoccerSwimming
    & Diving
    TennisTrack
    & Field
    Outdoor
    Wrest­lingTotal Pac-12
    Sports
    ArizonaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg8
    Arizona StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
    CaliforniaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg10
    ColoradoRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg5
    OregonGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg7
    Oregon StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svg7
    StanfordGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg [lower-alpha 2] Green check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg [lower-alpha 2] 11
    UCLAGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg8
    USCGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg7
    UtahGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svg6
    WashingtonGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg9
    Washington StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svg6
    Totals11129121245+1 [lower-alpha 3] 69103+3 [lower-alpha 4] 93­+4 [lower-alpha 5]
    Affiliate Members
    Cal PolyGreen check.svg1
    CSU BakersfieldGreen check.svg1
    Little RockGreen check.svg1
    San Diego StateGreen check.svg1

    Men's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools

    SchoolFencingGym­nasticsIce
    Hockey
    Lac­rosseRugby [lower-alpha 1] Sailing [lower-alpha 1] SkiingTrack & Field
    Indoor
    Volley­ballWater
    Polo
    Total
    Sports
    Arizona MPSF 1
    Arizona StateIND MPSF 2
    California MPSF PAC MPSF MPSF 4
    Colorado RMISA MPSF 2
    Oregon MPSF 1
    Oregon State0
    StanfordIND [lower-alpha 2] MPSF PCCSC [lower-alpha 2] MPSF MPSF [lower-alpha 2] MPSF 6
    UCLA MPSF MPSF MPSF 3
    USC MPSF MPSF MPSF 3
    Utah ASUN [107] RMISA 2
    Washington MPSF 1
    Washington State MPSF 1
    Totals1211112103426
    Notes
    1. 1 2 3 Not an NCAA-sanctioned sport.
    2. 1 2 3 4 5 Stanford had announced that it would drop its men's teams in fencing, rowing, sailing, volleyball, and wrestling at the end of the 2020–21 school year, [106] but reversed course, reinstating all sports without interruption.
    3. Affiliate: San Diego State
    4. Affiliates: Cal Poly, Cal State Bakersfield, Little Rock
    5. Affiliate members with full varsity status.

    Women's sponsored sports by school

    Member-by-member sponsorship of the 13 women's Pac-12 sports.

    SchoolBasketballBeach
    Volleyball
    Cross
    Country
    GolfGymnasticsLacrosseRowingSoccerSoftballSwimming
    & Diving
    TennisTrack
    & Field
    Outdoor
    VolleyballTotal
    Sports
    ArizonaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    Arizona StateGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg12
    CaliforniaGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg13
    ColoradoGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg8
    OregonGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg10
    Oregon StateGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
    StanfordGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg13
    UCLAGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg12
    USCGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    UtahGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg10
    WashingtonGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg11
    Washington StateGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgRed x.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svgGreen check.svg9
    Totals12912118671298111212129
    Future affiliate members
    San Diego StateGreen check.svg1
    UC DavisGreen check.svg1

    Women's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools

    SchoolAcrobatics
    & Tumbling [lower-alpha 1]
    FencingField
    Hockey
    Sailing [lower-alpha 2] SkiingSquash [lower-alpha 2] Synchronized
    Swimming [lower-alpha 2]
    Track
    & Field
    Indoor
    Triathlon [lower-alpha 1] Water
    Polo
    Total
    Sports
    Arizona MPSF IND2
    Arizona State MPSF IND MPSF 3
    California AmEast MPSF MPSF 3
    Colorado RMISA MPSF 2
    OregonNCATA MPSF 2
    Oregon State MPSF 1
    StanfordIND [lower-alpha 3] AmEast [lower-alpha 3] PCCSC [lower-alpha 3] IND [lower-alpha 3] MPSF [lower-alpha 3] MPSF MPSF 7
    UCLA MPSF MPSF 2
    USC MPSF MPSF 2
    Utah RMISA MPSF 2
    Washington MPSF 1
    Washington State MPSF 1
    Totals1121211122527
    Notes
    1. 1 2 Part of the NCAA Emerging Sports for Women program.
    2. 1 2 3 Not an NCAA-sanctioned sport.
    3. 1 2 3 4 5 Stanford had announced that it would drop its women's teams in fencing, field hockey, sailing, squash, and synchronized swimming at the end of the 2020–21 school year, [106] but reversed course, reinstating all sports without interruption.

    NCAA national titles

    NCAA National Championship trophies, rings, watches won by UCLA teams NCAA titles.jpg
    NCAA National Championship trophies, rings, watches won by UCLA teams

    Team titles through December 5, 2022; individual titles through July 1, 2016 [108]

    SchoolTeamIndividual
    MenWomenCo-ed†TotalMenWomenCo-edTotal
    Arizona7120 19 811150196 [109]
    Arizona State11130 24 66460112
    California3290 41 155860241
    UCLA76430 119 1661030269
    Colorado1638 27 231590128
    Oregon20140 34 102420144
    Oregon State400 4 327039
    USC85250 111 319720391
    Stanford69620 131 26520414609 [110]
    Utah2913 24 51 [111] 2772150
    Washington090 9 5417273
    Washington State200 2 796186
    Conference total3242002154513497161792244

    † Co-ed sports include fencing (since 1990), rifle, and skiing (since 1983). Team fencing championships before 1990 and team skiing championships before 1983 were awarded as men's or women's championships and are counted here as such.

    These totals do not include football national championships, which the NCAA does not officially award at the FBS level. Various polls, formulas, and other third-party systems have been used to determine national championships, not all of which are universally accepted. These totals also do not include championships prior to the inception of the NCAA.

    USC claims 11 national football championships, [112] California claims 5, [113] [114] Washington claims 2, [115] Stanford claims 2, [116] while Colorado and UCLA claim 1. [117] [118] [119] [120] [121]

    Conference champions

    Football

    UCLA-USC rivalry football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing color jerseys. 2008-1206-USC-UCLA-009-RB-redblue.JPG
    UCLA–USC rivalry football game at the Rose Bowl; the 2008 edition marked a return to the tradition of both teams wearing color jerseys.
    Big Game, 2004 between California and Stanford Big Game Play 1.jpg
    Big Game, 2004 between California and Stanford

    Rivalries

    Each of the ten schools that were conference members before 2011 has its own in-state, conference rivalry. One is an intracity rivalry (UCLA-USC) and another is within the San Francisco/Oakland metropolitan area (California-Stanford). Colorado and Utah, who joined in 2011, were historic rivals in the Rocky Mountain region prior to 1962 when they suspended the series. These rivalries (and the name given to the football forms) are:

    The most frequently played rivalries in the conference are between Oregon and Oregon State (124 meetings through 2020) and Big Game between Stanford and California (123 meetings). These rivalries are among the most played rivalries in college football.

    The two newest members, Colorado and Utah, had a football rivalry that had been dormant since 1962 – both were conference rivals previously in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference (now a Division II conference) and later the now-defunct Mountain States Conference (also known as the Skyline Conference). Even after Colorado joined what became the Big 12 in 1948 (the conference was then known popularly as the Big 7 Conference), the two schools continued their football rivalry for over a decade before ending it after the 1962 season. With the two schools being placed in the same division for football starting in 2011, the rivalry was revived with their 58th meeting during the 2011 season.

    All of the California schools consider each other major rivals due to the culture clash between Northern and Southern California. [122] California and UCLA have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the top programs within the University of California system. Stanford and USC have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the only private schools in the Pac-12. California and USC also have a long history, playing each other beginning in 1915.

    The Pacific Northwest schools of Oregon, Oregon State, Washington, and Washington State all consider each other major rivals due to their proximity and long history; a sweep of the other 3 teams is known as the Northwest Championship. The Oregon–Washington rivalry is sometimes referred to as the Border War. [123]

    Arizona and New Mexico have a recently renewed rivalry game, based upon when they were both members of the WAC and both states were longtime territories before being admitted as states in 1912. They played for the Kit Carson Rifle trophy, which was no longer used starting with their meeting in the 1997 Insight Bowl. [124] [125]

    USC and Notre Dame have an intersectional rivalry (See Notre Dame–USC rivalry). The games in odd-numbered years are played in South Bend in mid-October, while the games in even-numbered years are played in Los Angeles, usually in late November.

    Stanford and Notre Dame also have an intersectional rivalry (See Notre Dame–Stanford football rivalry). The schedule of the Stanford–Notre Dame rivalry mirrors that of USC–Notre Dame. The games in even-numbered years are played at Notre Dame in mid-October, while the games in odd-numbered years are played at Stanford in late November.

    The isolated rural campuses of Washington State and Idaho are eight miles (13 km) apart on the Palouse, creating a natural border war known as the Battle of the Palouse. Idaho rejoined FBS in 1996 and was a member until 2017.

    Utah and BYU have a fierce rivalry nicknamed the Holy War that goes back to 1896.

    Colorado also has a rivalry with in-state rival Colorado State called the Rocky Mountain Showdown.

    With the NCAA permanently approving 12-game schedules in college football beginning in 2006, the Pac-10—alone among major conferences in doing so—went to a full nine-game conference schedule. Previously, the schools did not play one non-rival opponent, resulting in an eight-game conference schedule (four home games and four away). In 2010, the last season before the arrival of Colorado and Utah, the only other BCS conference that played a round-robin schedule was the Big East. The schedule consisted of one home and away game against the two schools in each region, plus the game against the primary in-state rival.

    Divisions

    On October 21, 2010, the Pac-10 announced the creation of divisions and a championship game in football, to be used when Colorado and Utah joined the conference effective July 1, 2011. The twelve members were split into two divisions for football only: a North Division comprising the Pacific Northwest and Bay Area schools, and a South Division comprising the Mountain Time Zone and Los Angeles schools. [126]

    A nine-game conference schedule was maintained, with five games within the assigned division and four games from the opposite division. The four California teams, noted in the table in gray, still played each other every season— consequently, the four non-California teams in each division will only play one of the two California teams from the opposite division each year.

    The Pac-12 Football Championship Game featured the North Division Champion against the South Division Champion for the first 11 years of its existence, with divisional champions determined based on record in all conference games (both divisional and cross-divisional). However, on May 18, 2022, the NCAA Division I Council announced that conferences would no longer be required to maintain divisions in order to hold a conference championship. As a result, later that same day, the Pac-12 announced that it would eliminate its divisions for the 2022 football season and beyond, with the championship game instead featuring the two Pac-12 teams with the highest winning percentage. [127] It was the first FBS conference to scrap its divisions as a result of this change.

    North DivisionSouth Division
    Oregon Arizona
    Oregon State Arizona State
    Washington Colorado
    Washington State Utah
    California UCLA
    Stanford USC

    Bowl games

    As of the 2020 college football season, the following is the selection order of bowl games with Pac-12 tie-ins. If a Pac-12 team is selected to participate in the College Football Playoff, all other bowl-eligible teams move up one spot in the order.

    PickNameLocationOpposing
    conference
    Opposing
    pick
    1 Rose Bowl Pasadena, California Big Ten 1
    2 Alamo Bowl San Antonio, Texas Big 12 2
    3 Holiday Bowl San Diego, California ACC 3
    4 Las Vegas Bowl Las Vegas, Nevada SEC or Big Ten 3(SEC)/4(Big Ten)
    5 LA Bowl Los Angeles, California MWC 1
    6 San Francisco Bowl Santa Clara, California Big Ten 7
    7 Sun Bowl El Paso, Texas ACC 7
    8 (2020, 2023, 2024) Independence Bowl Shreveport, Louisiana NCAA Division I FBS independent schools Army in 2020 and 2024, BYU in 2023

    Pac-12 All-Century Football Team

    In honor of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the conference, an All-Century Team was unveiled on December 2, 2015, voted on by a panel of coaches, players, and the media. [128]

    Note: Bold Italic notes Offensive, Defensive and Coach of the Century selections; The voting panel was made up of 119 former players, coaches and media. [129]

    Men's basketball

    As of 2022, Pac-12 schools have won 15 Division I national titles. This was tied with the Atlantic Coast Conference for the most of any conference. [130] [131] [132] Oregon won the first NCAA tournament in 1939 . [133] UCLA has won 11 national titles, the most of any Division I team. [134] Arizona has won the most recent national title, winning in 1997 . Stanford in 1942 , Utah in 1944 & Cal in 1959 are the other NCAA champions. [135]

    Rivalries in other sports

    All of the intra-conference rivalries in football are carried over into other sports.

    During the 1970s, UCLA and Notre Dame had an intense men's basketball rivalry. For several years, it was one of a small number of non-conference games in Division I basketball that was played twice a season (home-and-away). The most famous game in the rivalry was on January 19, 1974, when Notre Dame scored the last 12 points of the game to nip UCLA and end the Bruins' record 88-game winning streak. This rivalry is now dormant, partly because Notre Dame is no longer independent in sports other than football (now in the ACC).

    In baseball, there are intense rivalries between the four southern schools. Arizona, Arizona State, and USC have long and successful histories in baseball and all have won national titles in the sport. The most intense series is widely regarded to be the "Basebrawl" series between USC and Arizona State in 1990. Arizona State swept the series and in the final game a bench clearing brawl spread quickly to the stands and made national headlines. Several were injured and riot police were called to end the fracas.

    Washington and California have a longstanding rivalry in men's crew as the two traditionally dominant programs on the West Coast.

    Due to the unique geographic nature of the Pac-12 teams, the teams travel in pairs for road basketball games. For example, on Thursday, February 28, 2008, USC played Arizona and UCLA played Arizona State. Two nights later the teams switched and USC played Arizona State and UCLA played Arizona. The teams are paired as follows: USC and UCLA (the L.A. teams), Arizona and Arizona State (the Arizona teams), California and Stanford (the Bay Area teams), Washington and Washington State (the Washington teams), Oregon and Oregon State (the Oregon teams), and Colorado and Utah (the Rocky Mountain teams). Usually, the games are played on Thursdays and Saturdays with a game or occasionally two on Sundays for television purposes. This pairing formula is also used in women's volleyball. To make scheduling simpler for men and women's basketball (a sport in which each conference member uses a single venue for both teams' home games), the schedule for women's basketball is the opposite of the men's schedule. For example, when the Oregon schools are hosting the men's teams from the Arizona schools, the Arizona schools host the women's teams from Oregon schools the same weekend.

    This formula has made a tradition in conference play to keep track of how a team does against a particular region; and stats are kept as to how successful a team is against, for example, "the Bay Area schools" at home or away. Effective in the 2011–12 season, with the expansion into 12 teams, a 10-year rotation model has been developed to maintain the existing 18-game conference schedule. Teams remained paired with their regional rival. Each school plays its regional rival and six other teams both home and away, and the other four teams once – two at home and two away. The newest members, Colorado and Utah, are paired with each other. The single play opponents rotate every two years. [136]

    Recently, Cal Poly and UCLA has grown into a competitive Men's Soccer rivalry with Cal Poly hosting UCLA in a 0–0 tie in front of a crowd of 8,717 which at the time was the 9th largest regular season, on-campus attendance in the history of college soccer. [137] The schools have played several times since however UCLA has not returned to San Luis Obispo for a Friday or Saturday game since tying Cal Poly in front of a record crowd. UCLA leads the series 6–2–2. [138]

    Olympians

    While the PAC-12 is known as the "Conference of Champions," for having won the most collegiate Championships than any other Conference, it could also be considered the "Conference of Olympians" for having the most athletes and medal-winners of any conference in the history of the Olympic games.

    In a 2017 study by OlympStats, USA Olympians and the medals they won were counted and sorted by their college affiliations. [139] [140] Stanford lead all schools with 289 athletes, 408 games, and 282 total medals won. UCLA was second, USC was third, Cal Berkeley was 4th, Harvard was 5th in each category, respectively.

    Leading the country with the most participants in their respective events are, Colorado in Alpine Skiing and Cycling, Arizona State in Archery and Badminton, Stanford in Baseball, Rugby, Swimming, Tennis and Water Polo, UCLA in Basketball, Beach Volleyball, Gymnastics and Softball, USC in Athletics and Volleyball, and Utah in Freestyle Skiing.

    Since 1924 a PAC-12 school has led the country in number of athlete in each and every Summer Olympic Games to date (as of this study in 2017). [140]

    Commissioners

    Since restarting in 1959 as the AAWU, the Pac-12 has had five commissioners:

    NameYearsTenureConference name(s)
    Thomas J. Hamilton [71] 1959–197112 years AAWU / Pacific-8
    Wiles Hallock [74] [141] 1971–198312 years Pacific-8 / Pacific-10
    Thomas C. Hansen [142] 1983–200926 years Pacific-10
    Larry Scott [143] 2009–202112 years Pacific-10 / Pac-12
    George Kliavkoff 2021–present1 years Pac-12

    PCC

    Commissioners of the forerunner PCC

    See also

    Notes

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