(as Pacific Coast Conference)
|Former names||Pacific Coast Conference|
Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU, 1959–68)
|Headquarters||San Francisco, California|
|Commissioner||Larry Scott (since 2009)|
The Pac-12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States, participating in 24 sports at the NCAA Division I level. Its football teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; formerly Division I-A), the higher of two tiers of NCAA Division I football competition.
The Western United States is the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States. As European settlement in the U.S. expanded westward through the centuries, the meaning of the term the West changed. Before about 1800, the crest of the Appalachian Mountains was seen as the western frontier. The frontier moved westward and eventually the lands west of the Mississippi River were considered the West.
NCAA Division I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States. D-I schools include the major collegiate athletic powers, with larger budgets, more elaborate facilities and more athletic scholarships than Divisions II and III as well as many smaller schools committed to the highest level of intercollegiate competition.
College football is American football played by teams of student athletes fielded by American universities, colleges, and military academies, or Canadian football played by teams of student athletes fielded by Canadian universities. It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States.
The conference's 12 members are located in the states of Arizona, California, Colorado, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. They include each state's flagship public university, four additional public universities, and two private research universities.
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.
Colorado is a state of the Western United States encompassing most of the southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. It is the 8th most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The estimated population of Colorado was 5,695,564 on July 1, 2018, an increase of 13.25% since the 2010 United States Census.
The modern Pac-12 conference formed after the disbanding of the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), whose principal members founded the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU) in 1959. The conference previously went by the names Big Five, Big Six, Pacific-8, and Pacific-10. The Pac-12 moniker was adopted in 2011 with the addition of Colorado and Utah.
The Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was a college athletic conference in the United States which existed from 1915 to 1959. Though the Pac-12 Conference claims the PCC's history as part of its own, with eight of the ten PCC members now in the Pac-12, the older league had a completely different charter and was disbanded in 1959 due to a major crisis and scandal.
The Colorado Buffaloes are the athletic teams that represent the University of Colorado Boulder. The university sponsors 17 varsity sports teams. Both the men's and women's teams are called the Buffaloes or, rarely, the Golden Buffaloes. "Lady Buffs" referred to the women's teams beginning in the 1970s, but was officially dropped in 1993. The nickname was selected by the campus newspaper in a contest with a $5 prize in 1934 won by Andrew Dickson of Boulder. The university participates as a member of the Pac-12 Conference at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) level. Rick George was announced as the sixth athletic director in program history on July 17, 2013, following the resignation of Mike Bohn, and after an interim appointment by former Women's Basketball Head Coach and current senior associate athletic director and senior women's administrator Ceal Barry. Colorado has won 28 national championships in its history, with 20 in skiing, including 2015. It was ranked #14 of "America's Best Sports College" in a 2002 analysis performed by Sports Illustrated. The University has no men's baseball, tennis, soccer, lacrosse, or volleyball programs.
The Utah Utes are the intercollegiate athletics teams that represent the University of Utah, located in Salt Lake City. They are named after the Ute tribe of Native Americans. The men's basketball team is known as the "Runnin' Utes"; the women's gymnastics team is known as the "Red Rocks".
Nicknamed the "Conference of Champions", the Pac-12 has won more NCAA national championships in team sports than any other conference in history. The top three schools with the most NCAA team championships are members of the Pac-12: Stanford, UCLA, and USC, in that order. Washington's national title in women's rowing in 2017 was the 500th NCAA championship won by a Pac-12 school.
The Stanford Cardinal are the athletic teams that represent Stanford University. Stanford's program has won 123 NCAA team championships, as well as 24 consecutive NACDA Directors' Cups, awarded annually to the most successful overall college sports program in the nation. As of February 15, 2019, Stanford-affiliated athletes have won 270 Olympic medals. Stanford's teams compete at the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I level as a member of the Pac-12 Conference, along with other schools from the western third of the United States.
The UCLA Bruins are the athletic teams that represent the University of California, Los Angeles. The Bruin men's and women's teams participate in NCAA Division I as part of the Pac-12 Conference and the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (MPSF). For football, they are in the Football Bowl Subdivision of Division I. UCLA is second to only Stanford University as the school with the most NCAA team championships at 117 NCAA team championships. UCLA offers 11 varsity sports programs for men and 14 for women.
The USC Trojans are the athletic teams that represent the University of Southern California (USC), located in Los Angeles, California. While the men's teams are nicknamed the Trojans, the women's athletic teams are referred to as either the Trojans or Women of Troy. The program participates in the Pac-12 Conference and has won 130 team national championships, 107 of which are National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) national championships. USC's official colors are cardinal and gold. The Trojans have a cross-town rivalry with UCLA. However, USC's rivalry with Notre Dame predates the UCLA rivalry by three years. The Notre Dame rivalry stems mainly from the annual football game played between these two universities and is considered the greatest intersectional rivalry in college football.
The current commissioner of the conference is Larry Scott. Scott replaced Thomas C. Hansen, who retired in July 2009 after 26 years in that position.Prior to joining the Pac-10, Scott was Chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association.
Larry Scott is an American sports administrator and former professional tennis player who is the commissioner of the collegiate Pac-12 Conference. He has also served as chairman and CEO of the Women's Tennis Association and as president and COO of ATP Properties, a division of the Association of Tennis Professionals.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA) is the principal organizing body of women's professional tennis. It governs the WTA Tour which is the worldwide professional tennis tour for women and was founded to create a better future for women's tennis. The WTA's corporate headquarters is in St. Petersburg, Florida, with its European headquarters in London and its Asia-Pacific headquarters in Beijing.
The Pac-12 has twelve full member institutions. Football is the only sport where the conference is split into two divisions, the North Division and the South Division.
The Pac-12's members are spread evenly between 3 regions, with 4 schools each in California, the Pacific Northwest, and the Four Corners region.
Endowment figures per NACUBO's 2017 figures and from the University of California Endowment Report.
† Total University of Colorado System Endowment
|University of Arizona||Tucson, Arizona||1885||1978||Public||43,625||$843,529,000||Wildcats|
|Arizona State University||Tempe, Arizona||1885||1978||71,946||$661,046,000||Sun Devils|
|University of California, Berkeley||Berkeley, California||1868||1915||41,910||$4.297581×109||Golden Bears|
|University of California, Los Angeles||Los Angeles, California||1919||1928||45,428||$2.062573×109||Bruins|
|University of Colorado Boulder||Boulder, Colorado||1876||2011||33,246||$1.220204×109 †||Buffaloes|
|University of Oregon||Eugene, Oregon||1876||1915||22,980||$828,459,000||Ducks|
|Oregon State University||Corvallis, Oregon||1868||1915||31,904||$549,448,000||Beavers|
|University of Southern California||Los Angeles, California||1880||1922||Private||45,500||$5.128459×109||Trojans|
|Stanford University||Stanford, California||1891||1918||16,336||$2.4784943×1010||Cardinal|
|University of Utah||Salt Lake City, Utah||1850||2011||Public||32,780||$1.127686×109||Utes|
|University of Washington||Seattle, Washington||1861||1915||46,081||$3.361×109||Huskies|
|Washington State University||Pullman, Washington||1890||1917||30,614||$974,029,000||Cougars|
The Pac-12 has three affiliate member institutions in California and one in Arkansas.
|Institution||Location||Founded||Joined||Type||Enrollment||Team Name||Colors||Primary Conference||Pac-12 sports|
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, California||1901||1986–87||Public||19,777||Mustangs||Big West||Wrestling|
|California State University, Bakersfield||Bakersfield, California||1965||1987–88||8,002||Roadrunners||WAC|
|University of Arkansas at Little Rock||Little Rock, Arkansas||1927||2019-20||11,845||Trojans||Sun Belt|
|San Diego State University||San Diego||1897||2005–06||34,500||Aztecs||Mountain West||Men's soccer|
Cal State Bakersfield initially announced it would become a men's soccer affiliate starting in 2013,but never went through with those plans, accepting an invitation to become an all-sports member of the Western Athletic Conference, which sponsors men's soccer, also in 2013. The school will maintain its Pac-12 affiliation in wrestling, which the WAC does not sponsor.
No school has left the Pac-12 since its founding as the AAWU in 1959. Two members of the PCC were not invited to join the AAWU or its successors.
|University of Idaho||Moscow, Idaho||1889||1922||1959||Public||Vandals||Big Sky|
|University of Montana||Missoula, Montana||1893||1924||1950||Grizzlies|
|Institution||Location||Founded||Type||Enrollment||Team Name||Primary conference||Pac-12 sports||Joined||Left|
|Boise State University||Boise, Idaho||1932||Public||19,667||Broncos||Mountain West||Wrestling||1987–88||2016–17|
|University of California, Davis||Davis, California||1905||34,155||Aggies||Big West||1992–93||2009–10|
|University of California, Santa Barbara||Santa Barbara, California||1909||20,559||Gauchos||Men's swimming & diving||2010–11||2014–15|
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo, California||1901||19,777||Mustangs||2010–11||2014–15|
|California State University, Fresno||Fresno, California||1911||23,060||Bulldogs||Mountain West||Wrestling||1986–87||1990–91|
|California State University, Fullerton||Fullerton, California||1957||38,325||Titans||Big West||1986–87||2010–11|
|Eastern Washington University||Cheney, Washington||1882||13,453||Eagles||Big Sky||Baseball||1982–83||1989–90|
|Gonzaga University||Spokane, Washington||1887||Private||7,229||Bulldogs||WCC||1982–83||1994–95|
|Portland State University||Portland, Oregon||1946||Public||29,452||Vikings||Big Sky||1982–83||1997–98|
|University of Portland||Portland, Oregon||1901||Private||3,200||Pilots||WCC||Baseball||1982–83||1994–95|
|San Jose State University||San Jose, California||1857||Public||31,278||Spartans||Mountain West||Wrestling||1986–87||1987–88|
|Utah State University||Logan, Utah||1888||28,796||Aggies||1986–87||1988–89|
|School||Football stadium||Capacity||Basketball arena||Capacity||Baseball stadium||Capacity|
|Arizona||Arizona Stadium||56,037||McKale Center||14,655||Hi Corbett Field||9,500|
|Arizona State||Sun Devil Stadium||56,232||Wells Fargo Arena||10,754||Phoenix Municipal Stadium||8,775|
|California||California Memorial Stadium||62,467||Haas Pavilion||11,877||Evans Diamond||2,500|
|Colorado||Folsom Field||53,613||CU Events Center||11,064||No team, dropped in 1980|
|Oregon||Autzen Stadium||54,000||Matthew Knight Arena||12,346||PK Park||3,600|
|Oregon State||Reser Stadium||43,363||Gill Coliseum||9,604||Goss Stadium at Coleman Field||3,248|
|Stanford||Stanford Stadium||50,424||Maples Pavilion||7,233||Klein Field at Sunken Diamond||4,000|
|UCLA||Rose Bowl||91,936||Pauley Pavilion||13,800||Jackie Robinson Stadium||1,820|
|USC||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum||77,500||Galen Center||10,258||Dedeaux Field||2,500|
|Utah||Rice-Eccles Stadium||45,807||Jon M. Huntsman Center||15,000||Smith's Ballpark||15,411|
|Washington||Husky Stadium||70,138||Hec Edmundson Pavilion||10,000||Husky Ballpark||2,212|
|Washington State||Martin Stadium||32,740||Beasley Coliseum||11,671||Bailey-Brayton Field||3,500|
|School||Athletic director||Football coach||Men's basketball coach||Women's basketball coach||Baseball coach|
|Arizona||Dave Heeke||Kevin Sumlin||Sean Miller||Adia Barnes||Jay Johnson|
|Arizona State||Ray Anderson||Herm Edwards||Bobby Hurley||Charli Turner Thorne||Tracy Smith|
|California||H. Michael Williams||Justin Wilcox||Wyking Jones||Lindsay Gottlieb||Mike Neu (baseball)|
|Colorado||Rick George||Mel Tucker||Tad Boyle||JR Payne||No team|
|Oregon||Rob Mullens||Mario Cristobal||Dana Altman||Kelly Graves||George Horton|
|Oregon State||Scott Barnes||Jonathan Smith||Wayne Tinkle||Scott Rueck||Pat Casey|
|Stanford||Bernard Muir||David Shaw||Jerod Haase||Tara VanDerveer||David Esquer|
|UCLA||Dan Guerrero||Chip Kelly||Mick Cronin||Cori Close||John Savage|
|USC||Lynn Swann||Clay Helton||Andy Enfield||Mark Trakh||Dan Hubbs|
|Utah||Mark Harlan||Kyle Whittingham||Larry Krystkowiak||Lynne Roberts||Bill Kinneberg|
|Washington||Jennifer Cohen||Chris Petersen||Mike Hopkins||Jody Wynn||Lindsay Meggs|
|Washington State||Pat Chun||Mike Leach||Ernie Kent||Kamie Ethridge||Marty Lees|
Eight of the twelve member schools are members of the Association of American Universities (AAU), including all four California-based schools.The only FBS conference with more AAU members is the Big Ten with 13 out of 14 member institutions having AAU membership.
Additionally, these member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and Times Higher Education World University Rankings (Times).
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Total revenue includes ticket sales, contributions and donations, rights and licensing, student fees, school funds and all other sources including TV income, camp income, concessions, and novelties. Total expenses includes coach and staff salaries, scholarships, buildings and grounds, maintenance, utilities and rental fees, recruiting, team travel, equipment and uniforms, conference dues, and insurance.
The following table is updated to show institutional reporting to the Department of Education as shown on the DOE Equity in Athletics website for the 2013–14 academic year. The national ranking of revenue is based on 2075 institutions reporting to the Department of Education that year. Source: http://ope.ed.gov/athletics.
|2||13||University of Southern California||$106,528,649||$106,528,649|
|3||19||University of Washington||$100,275,186||$86,097,136|
|4||22||University of Arizona||$97,630,769||$93,273,995|
|5||27||University of California, Berkeley||$90,262,140||$76,446,272|
|6||33||University of California, Los Angeles||$86,426,780||$86,426,780|
|7||35||University of Oregon||$81,546,443||$79,961,755|
|8||45||Arizona State University||$72,775,808||$72,599,644|
|9||55||Oregon State University||$67,033,751||$67,033,751|
|10||60||University of Colorado||$64,303,098||$64,303,098|
|11||62||Washington State University||$60,727,273||$60,727,273|
|12||65||University of Utah||$59,005,590||$57,819,434|
The roots of the Pac-12 Conference go back to December 2, 1915, when the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC) was founded at a meeting at the Imperial Hotel in Portland, Oregon.Charter members were the University of California (now University of California, Berkeley), University of Washington, University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University). The PCC began play in 1916.
One year later, Washington State College (now Washington State University) joined the league, followed by Stanford University in 1918.
In 1922, the PCC expanded to eight teams with the admission of USC and Idaho. Montana joined the Conference in 1924, and in 1928, the PCC grew to 10 members with the addition of UCLA.
For many years, the conference split into two divisions for basketball and baseball – a Southern Division comprising the four California schools and a Northern Division comprising the six schools in the Pacific Northwest.
In 1950, Montana departed to join the Mountain States Conference. The PCC continued as a nine-team league through June 1959.
Following "pay-for-play" scandals at California, USC, UCLA, and Washington, the PCC disbanded in June 1959. Ten months earlier in August 1958, these four schools agreed to form a new conference that would take effect the following summer.When the four schools and Stanford began discussions for a new conference in 1959, retired Admiral Thomas J. Hamilton interceded and suggested the schools consider creating a national "power conference" (Hamilton had been a key player, head coach, and athletic director at Navy, and was the current athletic director at Pittsburgh). Nicknamed the "Airplane Conference," the five former PCC schools would have played with other major academically-oriented schools, including Army, Navy, Air Force, Notre Dame, Pitt, Penn State, and Syracuse. The effort fell through when a Pentagon official vetoed the idea and the service academies backed out.
On July 1, 1959, the new Athletic Association of Western Universities was launched, with California, UCLA, USC, and Washington as the four charter members.Stanford joined during the first month. Hamilton left Pittsburgh to become the first commissioner of the AAWU, and remained for twelve years. The conference also was popularly known as the Big Five from 1960 to 1962. When Washington State joined in 1962, the conference became informally known as the Big Six.
Oregon and Oregon State joined in the summer of 1964. Conference, and then the Pacific-8 (as there already was a major conference called the Big Eight). In 1968, the AAWU formally renamed itself the Pacific-8 Conference, or Pac-8 for short. The Pac-8 did not allow a second bowl team from the conference until the 1975 season; in basketball, participation in the National Invitation Tournament (NIT) was not allowed until 1973.With their addition, the conference was known unofficially as the Pacific Athletic
Idaho was never invited to join the AAWU;the Vandals were independent for four years until the formation of the Big Sky Conference in 1963, and were independent in football until 1965.
In 1978, the conference added Arizona and Arizona State from the Western Athletic Conference, becoming the Pacific-10 Conference or Pac-10. The invitations to the schools were extended in December 1976,and the expansion formally announced in May 1977.
In 1986, the Pac-10 began sponsoring women's athletics. Prior to this time members' women's teams competed with other large universities on the Pacific coast in either the Northern Pacific Conference or the Western Collegiate Athletic Association.
In the mid-1990s the conference expressed interest in admitting the University of Colorado and the University of Texas after the collapse of the Southwest Conference. Texas expressed an interest in joining a strong academic conference, but joined three fellow Southwest Conference schools (Texas A&M, Texas Tech, and Baylor) to merge with the Big Eight Conference to form the Big 12 Conference in 1996. Colorado elected to remain in the newly formed Big 12.
Before the addition of Colorado and Utah in 2011, only the Ivy League had maintained its membership for a longer time than the Pac-10 among Division I conferences. Commissioner Larry Scott said on February 9, 2010, that the window for expansion was open for the next year as the conference began negotiations for a new television deal. Speaking on a conference call to introduce former Big 12 commissioner Kevin Weiberg as his new deputy, Scott talked about possibly adding new teams to the conference and launching a new television network.Scott, the former head of the Women's Tennis Association, took over the conference in July 2009. In his first eight months on the job, he saw growing interest from the membership over the possibility of adding teams for the first time since Arizona and Arizona State joined the conference in 1978.
In early June 2010, there were reports that the Pac-10 was considering adding up to six teams to the conference: the University of Texas, Texas A&M University, Texas Tech University, the University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University, and the University of Colorado.
On June 10, 2010, the University of Colorado Boulder officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective starting with the 2012–2013 academic year.The school later announced it would join the conference a year earlier than previously announced, in the 2011–2012 academic year.
On June 15, 2010, a deal was reached between Texas and the Big 12 Conference to keep Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Oklahoma, and Oklahoma State in the Big 12. Following Texas' decision, the other Big 12 schools that had been rumored candidates to join the Pac-10 announced they would remain in the Big 12. This deal effectively ended the Pac-10's ambition to potentially become a sixteen-team conference.
On June 17, 2010, the University of Utah officially accepted an invitation to join the Pac-10 Conference, effective starting July 2011.Utah was a member of the Western Athletic Conference (WAC) with Arizona and Arizona State before those two left for the Pac-10 in 1978. The Utes left an expanded WAC with seven other schools in 1999 to form the new Mountain West Conference. Utah became the first "BCS Buster" to join a BCS conference, having played in (and won) two BCS games beforehand.
On July 27, 2010, the conference unveiled a new logo and announced that the Pac-10 would be renamed the Pac-12 when Utah and Colorado formally joined in July 2011. On October 21, the Pac-12 announced that its football competition would be split into two divisions—a North Division comprising the Pacific Northwest and Bay Area schools, and a South Division comprising the Mountain Time Zone and Southern California schools. On July 1, 2011, the Pac-12 assumed its current alignment when both Colorado and Utah officially joined as full members.
On August 15, 2012, the conference debuted the Pac-12 Network. It was the third college sports conference to launch a dedicated network, and the first to completely fund and own their own network outright.
The Pac-12 claims the PCC's history as its own. It inherited the PCC's berth in the Rose Bowl, and the eight largest schools in the old PCC all eventually joined the new league.
The Pac-12 is one of the founding members of the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation (MPSF), a conference organized to provide competition in non-revenue Olympic sports. All-Pac-12 members participate in at least one MPSF sport (men's and women's indoor track and field both actually have enough participating Pac-12 schools for the conference to sponsor a championship, but the Pac-12 has opted not to do so). For certain sports, the Pac-12 admits certain schools as associate members.
The Pac-12 Conference sponsors championship competition in 10 men's and 13 women's NCAA-sanctioned sports, plus one men's sport that is not sanctioned by the NCAA. Three schools are associate members in a single men's sport.
The newest sport to be sponsored by the Pac-12 is women's lacrosse, which began play in spring 2018 following the elevation of Arizona State's club team to full varsity status.
|Beach volleyball ^||–||8|
|Swimming & Diving||8||9|
|Track & Field Outdoor||10||12|
Member-by-member sponsorship of the 11 men's Pac-12 sports.
Men's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools
|Lacrosse||Rugby||Sailing||Skiing||Track & Field|
|Totals||1||2||1||1||1 + 5||1||2||10||3||4||25+5|
Member-by-member sponsorship of the 13 women's Pac-12 sports.
Women's sports that are not sponsored by the Pac-12 but are fielded as a varsity sport at Pac-12 schools
See also: List of NCAA schools with the most NCAA Division I championships, List of NCAA schools with the most Division I national championships, and NCAA Division I FBS Conferences
† Co-ed sports include fencing (since 1990), rifle, and skiing (since 1983). Team fencing championships before 1990 and team skiing championships before 1983 were awarded as men's or women's championships and are counted here as such.
These totals do not include football national championships, which the NCAA does not officially award at the FBS level. Various polls, formulas, and other third-party systems have been used to determine national championships, not all of which are universally accepted. These totals also do not include championships prior to the inception of the NCAA.
USC claims 11 national football championships,California claims 5, Washington and Stanford claim 2, and Colorado, Utah, and UCLA claim 1.
Each of the ten schools that were conference members before 2011 has its own in-state, conference rivalry. One is an intracity rivalry (UCLA-USC), and another is within the same metropolitan area (California-Stanford). Colorado and Utah, who joined in 2011, were historic rivals in the Rocky Mountain region prior to 1962 when they suspended the series. These rivalries (and the name given to the football forms) are:
The most frequently played rivalries in the conference are the Civil War between Oregon and Oregon State (120 meetings through 2016) and the Big Game between Stanford and California (119 meetings). These rivalries are among the most played rivalries in college football.
The two newest members, Colorado and Utah, had a football rivalry that had been dormant since 1962 – both were conference rivals previously in the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference (now a Division II conference), and later the now-defunct Mountain States Conference (also known as the Skyline Conference). Even after Colorado joined what became the Big 12 in 1948 (the conference was then known popularly as the Big 7 Conference), the two schools continued their football rivalry for over a decade before ending it after the 1962 season. With the two schools being placed in the same division for football starting in 2011, the rivalry was revived with their 58th meeting during the 2011 season.
All of the California schools consider each other major rivals, due to the culture clash between Northern and Southern California.California and UCLA have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the top programs within the University of California system. Stanford and USC have a rivalry rooted in their shared history as the only private schools in the Pac-12. California and USC also have a long history, having played each other every year in football since 1916.
Oregon, Oregon State, Washington, and Washington State all consider each other major rivals due to their proximity and long history. The Oregon–Washington rivalry is sometimes referred to as the Border War.
Arizona and New Mexico have a recently renewed rivalry game, based upon when they were both members of the WAC and both states were longtime territories before being admitted as states in 1912. They played for the Kit Carson Rifle trophy, which was no longer used starting with their meeting in the 1997 Insight Bowl.
USC and Notre Dame have an intersectional rivalry (See Notre Dame–USC rivalry). The games in odd-numbered years are played in South Bend in mid-October, while the games in even-numbered years are played in Los Angeles, usually in late November.
Stanford and Notre Dame also have an intersectional rivalry (See Notre Dame–Stanford football rivalry). The schedule of the Stanford–Notre Dame rivalry mirrors that of USC–Notre Dame. The games in even-numbered years are played at Notre Dame in mid-October, while the games in odd-numbered years are played at Stanford in late November.
The isolated rural campuses of Washington State and Idaho are eight miles (13 km) apart on the Palouse, creating a natural border war known as the Battle of the Palouse. Idaho rejoined FBS in 1996, until 2017.
Utah and BYU have a fierce rivalry nicknamed the Holy War that goes back to 1896.
Colorado also has a rivalry with in-state rival Colorado State called the Rocky Mountain Showdown.
With the NCAA permanently approving 12-game schedules in college football beginning in 2006, the Pac-10—alone among major conferences in doing so—went to a full nine-game conference schedule. Previously, the schools did not play one non-rival opponent, resulting in an eight-game conference schedule (four home games and four away). In 2010, the last season before the arrival of Colorado and Utah, the only other BCS conference that played a round-robin schedule was the Big East. The schedule consisted of one home and away game against the two schools in each region, plus the game against the primary in-state rival.
On October 21, 2010 the Pac-10 announced the creation of divisions and a championship game in football, to be used when Colorado and Utah joined the conference effective July 1, 2011. The twelve members were split into two divisions for football only: a North Division comprising the Pacific Northwest and Bay Area schools, and a South Division comprising the Mountain Time Zone and Los Angeles schools.The four California schools (gray background below) will still play each other every season despite spanning both divisions.
|North Division||South Division|
|Oregon State||Arizona State|
A nine-game conference schedule is being maintained, with five games within the assigned division and four games from the opposite division. The four California teams will play each other every season. Consequently, the four non-California teams in each division will only play one of the two California teams from the opposite division each year.
The Pac-12 Football Championship Game features the North Division Champion against the South Division Champion. The divisional champions are determined based on record in all conference games (both divisional and cross-divisional). The first three championship games were played at the home stadium of the participant with the better overall conference record.Since 2014, the Championship Game has been hosted at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California.
As of the 2017 college football season, the following is the selection order of bowl games with Pac-12 tie-ins. If a Pac-12 team is selected to participate in the College Football Playoff, all other bowl-eligible teams move up one spot in the order.
|1||Rose Bowl||Pasadena, California||Big Ten||1|
|2||Alamo Bowl||San Antonio, Texas||Big 12||2|
|3||Holiday Bowl||San Diego, California||Big Ten||4|
|4||Redbox Bowl||Santa Clara, California||Big Ten||6|
|5||Sun Bowl||El Paso, Texas||ACC||4|
|6||Las Vegas Bowl||Las Vegas, Nevada||MWC||1|
|7||Cheez-It Bowl||Tempe, Arizona||Big 12||5|
In honor of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the conference, an All-Century Team was unveiled on December 2, 2015, voted on by a panel of coaches, players, and the media.
Note: Bold Italic notes Offensive, Defensive and Coach of the Century selections; The voting panel was made up of 119 former players, coaches and media.
As of 2017 [update] , Pac-12 schools have won a record 16 Division I national titles. Oregon won the first NCAA Tournament in 1939. UCLA has won 11 national titles, the most of any Division I team. Arizona has won the most recent national title, winning in 1997. Stanford, Utah & Cal round out the 16 titles coming in 1942, 1944 & 1959 respectively .
All of the intra-conference rivalries in football are carried over into other sports.
During the 1970s, UCLA and Notre Dame had an intense men's basketball rivalry. For several years, it was one of a small number of non-conference games in Division I basketball that was played twice a season (home-and-away). The most famous game in the rivalry was on January 19, 1974, when Notre Dame scored the last 12 points of the game to nip UCLA and end the Bruins' record 88-game winning streak. This rivalry is now dormant, partly because Notre Dame is no longer independent in sports other than football (now in the ACC).
In baseball, there are intense rivalries between the four southern schools. Arizona, Arizona State, and USC have long and successful histories in baseball and all have won national titles in the sport. The most intense series is widely regarded to be the "Basebrawl" series between USC and Arizona State in 1990. Arizona State swept the series and in the final game a bench clearing brawl spread quickly to the stands and made national headlines. Several were injured and riot police were called to end the fracas.
Washington and California have a longstanding rivalry in men's crew as the two traditionally dominant programs on the West Coast.
Due to the unique geographic nature of the Pac-12 teams, the teams travel in pairs for road basketball games. For example, on Thursday, February 28, 2008, USC played Arizona and UCLA played Arizona State. Two nights later the teams switched and USC played Arizona State and UCLA played Arizona. The teams are paired as follows: USC and UCLA (the L.A. teams), Arizona and Arizona State (the Arizona teams), California and Stanford (the Bay Area teams), Washington and Washington State (the Washington teams), Oregon and Oregon State (the Oregon teams), and Colorado and Utah (the Rocky Mountain teams). Usually, the games are played on Thursdays and Saturdays with a game or occasionally two on Sundays for television purposes. This pairing formula is also used in women's volleyball. To make scheduling simpler for men and women's basketball (a sport in which each conference member uses a single venue for both teams' home games), the schedule for women's basketball is the opposite of the men's schedule. For example, when the Oregon schools are hosting the men's teams from the Arizona schools, the Arizona schools host the women's teams from Oregon schools the same weekend.
This formula has made a tradition in conference play to keep track of how a team does against a particular region; and stats are kept as to how successful a team is against, for example, "the Bay Area schools" at home or away. Effective in the 2011–12 season, with the expansion into 12 teams, a 10-year rotation model has been developed to maintain the existing 18-game conference schedule. Teams remained paired with their regional rival. Each school plays its regional rival and six other teams both home and away, and the other four teams once – two at home and two away. The newest members, Colorado and Utah, are paired with each other. The single play opponents rotate every two years.
Recently, Cal Poly and UCLA has grown into a competitive Men's Soccer rivalry with Cal Poly hosting UCLA in a 0–0 tie in front of a crowd of 8,717 which at the time was the 9th largest regular season, on-campus attendance in the history of college soccer.The schools have played several times since however UCLA has not returned to San Luis Obispo for a Friday or Saturday game since tying Cal Poly in front of a record crowd. UCLA leads the series 6–2–2.
Since restarting in 1959 as the AAWU, the Pac-12 has had only four commissioners:
|Thomas J. Hamilton||1959–1971||12 years||AAWU / Pacific-8|
|Wiles Hallock||1971–1983||12 years||Pacific-8 / Pacific-10|
|Thomas C. Hansen||1983–2009||26 years||Pacific-10|
|Larry Scott||2009–present||9 years||Pacific-10 / Pac-12|
Commissioners of the forerunner PCC
The Rose Bowl Game is an annual American college football bowl game, usually played on January 1 at the Rose Bowl stadium in Pasadena, California. When New Year's Day falls on a Sunday, the game is played on Monday, January 2. The Rose Bowl Game is nicknamed "The Granddaddy of Them All" because it is the oldest bowl game. It was first played in 1902 as the Tournament East–West football game, and has been played annually since 1916. Since 1945, it has been the highest attended college football bowl game. It is a part of the Pasadena Tournament of Roses Association's "America's New Year Celebration", which also includes the historic Rose Parade.
The Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament, otherwise known as the Pac-12 Tournament, is the annual concluding tournament for the NCAA college basketball in the Pac-12, taking place in Las Vegas at the T-Mobile Arena.
The 2008 Pacific Life Pacific-10 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was held between March 12 and March 15, 2008 at Staples Center in Los Angeles. All ten schools in the conference qualified for the tournament. Number one seed UCLA defeated number two seed Stanford 67–64 to win the conference tournament. It was the first time since 2005 that the top two seeded teams were in the final game. UCLA was the regular season champion. A record crowd of 18,997 was on hand to watch UCLA defeat USC 57–54 in the semi finals. On January 3, 2010, USC Athletic Director Mike Garrett announced that the school was to vacate the 2007–08 season's victories for NCAA violations by the basketball team.
The Pac-12 Football Championship Game is an annual college football game held by the Pac-12 Conference to determine the season's conference champion. The game pits the champion of the North Division against the champion of the South Division.The inaugural game was held during the 2011 season.
The 2011 Pacific Life Pacific-10 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was played on March 9–11, 2011 at Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. The tournament champion became the NCAA Tournament automatic qualifier from the conference. The Arizona Wildcats, finish the season atop of the conference with a 14–4 record, and the UCLA Bruins were the two top-seed teams in the tournament. The third-seeded Washington Huskies won the tournament. This was the final tournament ever held under the "Pac-10" name, as Colorado and Utah joined the conference in July, making it the "Pac-12."
The 2011 Pac-12 Conference football season began on September 1, 2011 with Montana State at Utah and UC Davis at Arizona State. The conference's first game was played on September 10 with Utah at USC, and the final game played was the Pac-12 Championship Game on Friday, December 2. Oregon defeated UCLA to claim their third straight conference title. This is the first season for the conference as a 12-team league. In July 2011, Colorado and Utah joined the conference, at which time the league's name changed from the Pacific-10 Conference.
The 2012 Pacific Life Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was played on March 7–10, 2012 at Staples Center in Los Angeles, California. The tournament champion became the NCAA Tournament automatic qualifier from the conference. The pairings will be announced following the completion of the regular season on March 4, 2012. The first three rounds was all broadcast on FSN with the championship game on CBS. The Pac-12 announced, on March 1, that Men's and Women's tournament games that were not televised would be streamed on YouTube. Also streamed live on YouTube was a post-game press conferences for the semifinals and championship games. In its first season in the Pac-12, No. 6 seeded Colorado defeated No. 4 seeded Arizona 53–51 for the title and the automatic bid to the NCAA National Championship Tournament. Colorado has been the lowest seeded team ever to win in this tournament's history. Colorado also was the first team ever to win four games to become the champion of this tournament.
The 2012 Pac-12 Conference football season began on August 30, 2012 with Northern Colorado at Utah. The conference's first game was played on September 15 with #2 USC at #21 Stanford, and the final game played was the Pac-12 Championship Game on November 30, 2012. This is the second season for the conference as a 12-team league. Pac-12 champion Stanford was featured in the Rose Bowl, a BCS bowl, when they prevailed 20–14 against Big Ten Champion Wisconsin on January 1, 2013.
The Western Collegiate Athletic Association (WCAA) was a women's-only athletic conference on the West Coast of the United States.
The 2013 Pacific Life Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament was played March 13–16 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Paradise, Nevada. The UCLA Bruins, regular season champions, were named as the No. 1 seed team. Oregon won the tournament and received an automatic bid to the 2013 NCAA Tournament. Oregon defeated UCLA for the tournament championship.
The 2014 Pac-12 Conference football season was the fourth season of college football for the Pac-12 Conference as a 12-team league. The season began on Thursday, August 28, 2014, and the first conference game was on Saturday, September 6, 2014, when USC played at Stanford. The final game was the Pac-12 Championship Game at Levi's Stadium on December 5, 2014, with FOX televising the game. The Oregon Ducks defeated the Arizona Wildcats, 51–13 for the conference championship and went on to play in the College Football Playoff. The Ducks defeated the Florida State Seminoles 59–20 in the semifinal game in the Rose Bowl, but lost to the Ohio State Buckeyes 42–20 in the championship game.
Men's college basketball in the Pac-12 Conference began in 1915 with the formation of the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC). Principal members of the PCC founded the Athletic Association of Western Universities (AAWU) in 1959, and subsequently went by the names Big Five, Big Six, Pacific-8, and Pacific-10, becoming the Pac-12 in 2011. Competing in the Pac-12 are the Arizona Wildcats, Arizona State Sun Devils, California Golden Bears, Colorado Buffaloes, Oregon Ducks, Oregon State, Stanford Cardinal, UCLA Bruins, USC Trojans, Utah Utes, Washington Huskies, and Washington State Cougars.
The 2012 All-Pac-12 Conference football team consists of American football players chosen by various organizations for All-Pac-12 Conference teams for the 2012 Pac-12 Conference football season. The Stanford Cardinal won the conference, defeating the UCLA Bruins 27–24 in the Pac-12 Championship game. Stanford then beat the Big Ten champion Wisconsin Badgers in the Rose Bowl 20 to 14. USC wide receiver Marqise Lee was voted Pac-12 Offensive Player of the Year. Arizona State defensive tackle Will Sutton was voted Pat Tillman Pac-12 Defensive Player of the Year.
The 2017 Pac-12 Conference Men's Basketball Tournament presented by New York Life was the postseason men's basketball tournament for the Pac-12 Conference and was played during March 8–11, 2017 at T-Mobile Arena in Paradise, Nevada. The champion, Arizona, received the Pac-12 conference automatic bid to the 2017 NCAA Tournament with an 83-80 win over Oregon in the finals.
The 2017 Pac–12 Conference football season is the seventh for the twelve-team league. The season began on August 26, 2017, and ended with the Pac-12 Championship Game on December 1, 2017 at Levi's Stadium.
The 2018 Pac-12 Conference football season represented the 40th season of Pac-12 football that took place during the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The season began on August 30, 2018 and ended with 2018 Pac-12 Championship Game on November 30 at Levi Stadium in Santa Clara, California. The Pac-12 is a Power Five conference under the College Football Playoff format along with the Atlantic Coast Conference, the Big 12 Conference, the Big Ten Conference, and the Southeastern Conference. The 2018 season was the Pac-12's eighth for the twelve teams divided into two divisions of six each, named North and South.
The 2019 Pac–12 Conference football season will be the 41st season of Pac–12 football taking place during the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The season will begin on August 29, 2019, and will end with the 2019 Pac–12 Championship Game on December 6, 2019, at Levi Stadium in Santa Clara, California. The Pac-12 is a Power Five Conference under the College Football Playoff format along with the Atlantic Coast Conference, the Big 12 Conference, Big Ten Conference, and the Southeastern Conference, For the 2019 season, the Pac-12 is the ninth for the twelve teams divided into two divisions of six teams each, named North and South. The entire schedule was released on December 4, 2018.