| Athletics |
|Men||Yuriy Sedykh 86.74 m (1986)|
|Women||Anita Włodarczyk 82.98 m (2016)|
|Men||Sergey Litvinov 84.80 m (1988)|
|Women||Anita Włodarczyk 82.29 m (2016)|
|World Championship records|
|Men||Ivan Tsikhan 83.63 m (2007)|
|Women||Anita Włodarczyk 80.85 m (2015)|
The hammer throw is one of the four throwing events in regular track and field competitions, along with the discus throw, shot put and javelin. The "hammer" used in this sport is not like any of the tools also called by that name. It consists of a metal ball attached by a steel wire to a grip. The size of the ball varies between men's and women's competitions (see Competition section below for details).
With roots dating back to the 15th century, the contemporary version of the hammer throw is one of the oldest of Olympic Games competitions, first included at the 1900 games in Paris, France (the second Olympiad of the modern era). Its history since the late 1960s and legacy prior to inclusion in the Olympics has been dominated by Europe and Eastern European influence, which has affected interest in the event in other parts of the world.
The hammer evolved from its early informal origins to become part of the Scottish Highland games in the late 18th century, where the original version of the event is still contested today.
While the men's hammer throw has been part of the Olympics since 1900, the International Association of Athletics Federations did not start ratifying women's marks until 1995. Women's hammer throw was first included in the Olympics at the 2000 summer games in Sydney, Australia after having been included in the World Championships a year earlier.
The men's hammer weighs 16 pounds (7.26 kg ) and measures 3 feet 11+3⁄4 inches (121.3 cm) in length, and the women's hammer weighs 8.82 lb (4 kg) and 3 ft 11 in (119.4 cm) in length. Like the other throwing events, the competition is decided by who can throw the implement the farthest.
Although commonly thought of as a strength event, technical advancements in the last 30 years have evolved hammer throw competition to a point where more focus is on speed in order to gain maximum distance.
The throwing motion involves about two swings from a stationary position, then three, four or very rarely five rotations of the body in a circular motion using a complicated heel-toe movement of the foot. The ball moves in a circular path, gradually increasing in velocity with each turn with the high point of the hammer ball toward the target sector and the low point at the back of the circle. The thrower releases the ball at the side of the circle as the hammer's velocity tends upward and toward the target.
As of 2015 [update] the men's hammer world record is held by Yuriy Sedykh, who threw 86.74 m (284 ft 6+3⁄4 in) at the 1986 European Athletics Championships in Stuttgart, West Germany on 30 August.
The world record for the women's hammer is held by Anita Włodarczyk, who threw 82.98 m (272 ft 2+3⁄4 in) during the Kamila Skolimowska Memorial on 28 August 2016.
|1||86.74 m (284 ft 6+3⁄4 in)||Yuriy Sedykh (URS)||Stuttgart||30 August 1986|
|2||86.04 m (282 ft 3+1⁄4 in)||Sergey Litvinov (URS)||Dresden||3 July 1986|
|3||84.90 m (278 ft 6+1⁄2 in)||Vadim Devyatovskiy (BLR)||Minsk||21 July 2005|
|4||84.86 m (278 ft 4+3⁄4 in)||Koji Murofushi (JPN)||Prague||29 June 2003|
|5||84.62 m (277 ft 7+1⁄4 in)||Igor Astapkovich (BLR)||Seville||6 June 1992|
|6||84.51 m (277 ft 3 in)||Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)||Grodno||9 July 2008|
|7||84.48 m (277 ft 1+3⁄4 in)||Igor Nikulin (URS)||Lausanne||12 July 1990|
|8||84.40 m (276 ft 10+3⁄4 in)||Jüri Tamm (URS)||Banská Bystrica||9 September 1984|
|9||84.19 m (276 ft 2+1⁄2 in)||Adrián Annus (HUN)||Szombathely||10 August 2003|
|10||83.93 m (275 ft 4+1⁄4 in)||Paweł Fajdek (POL)||Szczecin||9 August 2015|
|11||83.68 m (274 ft 6+1⁄4 in)||Tibor Gécsek (HUN)||Zalaegerszeg||19 September 1998|
|12||83.46 m (273 ft 9+3⁄4 in)||Andrey Abduvaliyev (URS)||Sochi||26 May 1990|
|13||83.43 m (273 ft 8+1⁄2 in)||Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS)||Adler||10 February 2002|
|14||83.40 m (273 ft 7+1⁄4 in)||Ralf Haber (DDR)||Athens||16 May 1988|
|15||83.38 m (273 ft 6+1⁄2 in)||Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)||Edmonton||5 August 2001|
|16||83.30 m (273 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN)||Lahti||14 July 2004|
|17||83.04 m (272 ft 5+1⁄4 in)||Heinz Weis (DEU)||Frankfurt||29 June 1997|
|18||83.00 m (272 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||Balázs Kiss (HUN)||Saint-Denis||4 June 1998|
|19||82.78 m (271 ft 7 in)||Karsten Kobs (DEU)||Dortmund||26 June 1999|
|20||82.71 m (271 ft 4+1⁄4 in)||Rudy Winkler (USA)||Eugene||20 June 2021|
|21||82.69 m (271 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||Krisztián Pars (HUN)||Zürich||16 August 2014|
|22||82.64 m (271 ft 1+1⁄2 in)||Günther Rodehau (DDR)||Dresden||3 August 1985|
|23||82.62 m (271 ft 3⁄4 in)||Sergey Kirmasov (RUS)||Zalaegerszeg||30 May 1998|
|82.62 m (271 ft 3⁄4 in)||Andriy Skvaruk (UKR)||Kyiv||27 April 2002|
|25||82.58 m (270 ft 11 in)||Primož Kozmus (SVN)||Celje||2 September 2009|
Below is a list of all other throws equal or superior to 86.50 m:
|1||82.98 m (272 ft 2+3⁄4 in)||Anita Włodarczyk (POL)||28 August 2016||Warsaw|
|2||79.42 m (260 ft 6+3⁄4 in)||Betty Heidler (GER)||21 May 2011||Halle|
|3||78.60 m (257 ft 10+1⁄4 in)||DeAnna Price (USA)||9 April 2021||Columbia|
|4||78.51 m (257 ft 6+3⁄4 in)||Tatyana Lysenko (RUS)||5 July 2012||Cheboksary|
|5||78.18 m (256 ft 5+3⁄4 in)||Brooke Andersen (USA)||10 April 2021||Wichita|
|6||77.78 m (255 ft 2 in)||Gwen Berry (USA)||8 June 2018||Chorzów|
|7||77.68 m (254 ft 10+1⁄4 in)||Wang Zheng (CHN)||29 March 2014||Chengdu|
|8||77.33 m (253 ft 8+1⁄4 in)||Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)||28 September 2014||Incheon|
|9||77.32 m (253 ft 8 in)||Aksana Miankova (BLR)||29 June 2008||Minsk|
|10||77.26 m (253 ft 5+1⁄2 in)||Gulfiya Agafonova (RUS)||12 June 2006||Tula|
|11||77.13 m (253 ft 1⁄2 in)||Oksana Kondratyeva (RUS)||30 June 2013||Zhukovskiy|
|12||76.90 m (252 ft 3+1⁄2 in)||Martina Hrašnová (SVK)||16 May 2009||Trnava|
|13||76.85 m (252 ft 1+1⁄2 in)||Malwina Kopron (POL)||26 August 2017||Taipei City|
|14||76.83 m (252 ft 3⁄4 in)||Kamila Skolimowska (POL)||11 May 2007||Doha|
|15||76.72 m (251 ft 8+1⁄4 in)||Mariya Bespalova (RUS)||23 June 2012||Zhukovsky|
|16||76.66 m (251 ft 6 in)||Volha Tsander (BLR)||23 June 2006||Minsk|
|17||76.63 m (251 ft 4+3⁄4 in)||Yekaterina Khoroshikh (RUS)||23 June 2006||Zhukovsky|
|18||76.62 m (251 ft 4+1⁄2 in)||Yipsi Moreno (CUB)||9 September 2008||Zagreb|
|19||76.56 m (251 ft 2 in)||Alena Matoshka (BLR)||12 June 2012||Minsk|
|20||76.35 m (250 ft 5+3⁄4 in)||Joanna Fiodorow (POL)||28 September 2019||Doha|
|21||76.33 m (250 ft 5 in)||Darya Pchelnik (BLR)||29 June 2008||Minsk|
|22||76.26 m (250 ft 2+1⁄4 in)||Hanna Malyshik (BLR)||27 April 2018||Brest|
|23||76.21 m (250 ft 1⁄4 in)||Yelena Konevtseva (RUS)||26 May 2007||Sochi|
|24||76.17 m (249 ft 10+3⁄4 in)||Anna Bulgakova (RUS)||24 July 2013||Moscow|
|25||76.07 m (249 ft 6+3⁄4 in)||Mihaela Melinte (ROU)||29 August 1999||Rüdlingen|
Below is a list of all other performances (excluding ancillary throws) equal or superior to 78.00 m:
The following athletes had their performances (over 77.00 m) annulled due to doping offences:
| 1900 Paris || John Flanagan |
| Truxtun Hare |
| Josiah McCracken |
| 1904 St. Louis || John Flanagan |
| John DeWitt |
| Ralph Rose |
| 1908 London || John Flanagan |
| Matt McGrath |
| Con Walsh |
| 1912 Stockholm || Matt McGrath |
| Duncan Gillis |
| Clarence Childs |
| 1920 Antwerp || Patrick Ryan |
| Carl Johan Lind |
| Basil Bennett |
| 1924 Paris || Fred Tootell |
| Matt McGrath |
| Malcolm Nokes |
| 1928 Amsterdam || Pat O'Callaghan |
| Ossian Skiöld |
| Edmund Black |
| 1932 Los Angeles || Pat O'Callaghan |
| Ville Pörhölä |
| Peter Zaremba |
| 1936 Berlin || Karl Hein |
| Erwin Blask |
| Fred Warngård |
| 1948 London || Imre Németh |
| Ivan Gubijan |
| Robert Bennett |
| 1952 Helsinki || József Csermák |
| Karl Storch |
| Imre Németh |
| 1956 Melbourne || Hal Connolly |
| Mikhail Krivonosov |
| Anatoliy Samotsvetov |
| 1960 Rome || Vasily Rudenkov |
| Gyula Zsivótzky |
| Tadeusz Rut |
| 1964 Tokyo || Romuald Klim |
| Gyula Zsivótzky |
| Uwe Beyer |
United Team of Germany
| 1968 Mexico City || Gyula Zsivótzky |
| Romuald Klim |
| Lázár Lovász |
| 1972 Munich || Anatoliy Bondarchuk |
| Jochen Sachse |
| Vasiliy Khmelevskiy |
| 1976 Montreal || Yuriy Sedykh |
| Aleksey Spiridonov |
| Anatoliy Bondarchuk |
| 1980 Moscow || Yuriy Sedykh |
| Sergey Litvinov |
| Jüri Tamm |
| 1984 Los Angeles || Juha Tiainen |
| Karl-Hans Riehm |
| Klaus Ploghaus |
| 1988 Seoul || Sergey Litvinov |
| Yuriy Sedykh |
| Jüri Tamm |
| 1992 Barcelona || Andrey Abduvaliyev |
| Igor Astapkovich |
| Igor Nikulin |
| 1996 Atlanta || Balázs Kiss |
| Lance Deal |
| Oleksandr Krykun |
| 2000 Sydney || Szymon Ziółkowski |
| Nicola Vizzoni |
| Igor Astapkovich |
| 2004 Athens || Koji Murofushi |
|Not awarded|| Eşref Apak |
| 2008 Beijing || Primož Kozmus |
| Vadim Devyatovskiy |
| Ivan Tsikhan |
| 2012 London || Krisztián Pars |
| Primož Kozmus |
| Koji Murofushi |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Dilshod Nazarov |
| Ivan Tsikhan |
| Wojciech Nowicki |
| 2000 Sydney || Kamila Skolimowska |
| Olga Kuzenkova |
| Kirsten Münchow |
| 2004 Athens || Olga Kuzenkova |
| Yipsi Moreno |
| Yunaika Crawford |
| 2008 Beijing || Yipsi Moreno |
| Zhang Wenxiu |
| Manuela Montebrun |
| 2012 London || Anita Włodarczyk |
| Betty Heidler |
| Zhang Wenxiu |
| 2016 Rio de Janeiro || Anita Włodarczyk |
| Zhang Wenxiu |
| Sophie Hitchon |
| 1983 Helsinki ||Sergey Litvinov (URS)||Yuriy Sedykh (URS)||Zdzisław Kwaśny (POL)|
| 1987 Rome ||Sergey Litvinov (URS)||Jüri Tamm (URS)||Ralf Haber (GDR)|
| 1991 Tokyo ||Yuriy Sedykh (URS)||Igor Astapkovich (URS)||Heinz Weis (GER)|
| 1993 Stuttgart ||Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)||Igor Astapkovich (BLR)||Tibor Gécsek (HUN)|
| 1995 Gothenburg ||Andrey Abduvaliyev (TJK)||Igor Astapkovich (BLR)||Tibor Gécsek (HUN)|
| 1997 Athens ||Heinz Weis (GER)||Andriy Skvaruk (UKR)||Vasiliy Sidorenko (RUS)|
| 1999 Seville ||Karsten Kobs (GER)||Zsolt Németh (HUN)||Vladyslav Piskunov (UKR)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)||Koji Murofushi (JPN)||Ilya Konovalov (RUS)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)||Adrián Annus (HUN)||Koji Murofushi (JPN)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)||Markus Esser (GER)||Olli-Pekka Karjalainen (FIN)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Ivan Tsikhan (BLR)||Primož Kozmus (SLO)||Libor Charfreitag (SVK)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Primož Kozmus (SLO)||Szymon Ziółkowski (POL)||Aleksey Zagornyi (RUS)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Koji Murofushi (JPN)||Krisztián Pars (HUN)||Primož Kozmus (SLO)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Paweł Fajdek (POL)||Krisztián Pars (HUN)||Lukáš Melich (CZE)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Paweł Fajdek (POL)||Dilshod Nazarov (TJK)||Wojciech Nowicki (POL)|
| 2017 London ||Paweł Fajdek (POL)||Valeriy Pronkin (ANA)||Wojciech Nowicki (POL)|
| 2019 Doha ||Paweł Fajdek (POL)||Quentin Bigot (FRA)|| Bence Halász (HUN)|
Wojciech Nowicki (POL)
| 1999 Seville ||Mihaela Melinte (ROU)||Olga Kuzenkova (RUS)||Lisa Misipeka (ASA)|
| 2001 Edmonton ||Yipsi Moreno (CUB)||Olga Kuzenkova (RUS)||Bronwyn Eagles (AUS)|
| 2003 Saint-Denis ||Yipsi Moreno (CUB)||Olga Kuzenkova (RUS)||Manuela Montebrun (FRA)|
| 2005 Helsinki ||Yipsi Moreno (CUB)||Tatyana Lysenko (RUS)||Manuela Montebrun (FRA)|
| 2007 Osaka ||Betty Heidler (GER)||Yipsi Moreno (CUB)||Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)|
| 2009 Berlin ||Anita Włodarczyk (POL)||Betty Heidler (GER)||Martina Hrašnová (SVK)|
| 2011 Daegu ||Tatyana Lysenko (RUS)||Betty Heidler (GER)||Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)|
| 2013 Moscow ||Anita Włodarczyk (POL)||Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)||Wang Zheng (CHN)|
| 2015 Beijing ||Anita Włodarczyk (POL)||Zhang Wenxiu (CHN)||Alexandra Tavernier (FRA)|
| 2017 London ||Anita Włodarczyk (POL)||Wang Zheng (CHN)||Malwina Kopron (POL)|
| 2019 Doha ||DeAnna Price (USA)||Joanna Fiodorow (POL)||Wang Zheng (CHN)|
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