List of athletics events

Last updated
Athletics comprises a variety of running, jumping, throwing and walking events. Athletics competitions.jpg
Athletics comprises a variety of running, jumping, throwing and walking events.

The sport of athletics is defined by the many events which make up its competition programmes. All events within the sport are forms of running, walking, jumping or throwing. These events are divided into the sub-sports of track and field, road running, racewalking and cross country running.

Contents

The Olympic athletics programme has played a significant role in shaping the most common events in the sport. The IAAF World Championships in Athletics is the foremost World Championship event, holding the vast majority of World Championship-level events within the competition. A small number of events, such as the 60 metres, are exclusive to the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

Two further, separate World Championship events are held for their specific events: the IAAF World Half Marathon Championships and the IAAF World Cross Country Championships. Cross country is one of many events which have appeared at Olympics but no longer form part of the Olympic athletics schedule. Some events, such as the mile run, remain very popular at competitions, despite having neither Olympic nor World Championship status.

Olympic and World Championship events

Key:  Present in current competition programme

Current events

Event Olympic status World Championship status World Indoor Championship status
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
60 metres 19001904 1985Present 1985Present
100 metres 1896Present 1928Present 1983Present 1983Present
200 metres 1900Present 1948Present 1983Present 1983Present 19852004 19852004
400 metres 1896Present 1964Present 1983Present 1983Present 1985Present 1985Present
800 metres 1896Present 1928, 1960Present 1983Present 1983Present 1985Present 1985Present
1500 metres 1896Present 1972Present 1983Present 1983Present 1985Present 1985Present
3000 metres 19841992 19831993 1985Present 1985Present
5000 metres 1912Present 1996Present 1983Present 1995Present
10,000 metres 1912Present 1988Present 1983Present 1987Present
60 metres hurdles 1985Present 1985Present
100 metres hurdles 1972Present 1983Present
110 metres hurdles 1896Present 1983Present
400 metres hurdles 1900Present
(except 1912)
1984Present 1983Present 1983Present
3000 metres steeplechase 1920Present 2008 – Present 1983Present 2005Present
Half marathon (road) 1992Present
(except 2006)
1992Present
(except 2006)
Marathon (road) 1896Present 1984Present 1983Present 1983Present
20 kilometres race walk (road) 1956Present 2000Present 1983Present 1999Present
50 kilometres race walk (road) 1932Present
(except 1976)
1983Present 2017Present
Cross country running 19121924 1973Present 1973Present
4×100 metres relay 1912Present 1928Present 1983Present 1983Present
4×400 metres relay 1912Present 1972Present 1983Present 1983Present 1991Present 1991Present
Pole vault 1896Present 2000Present 1983Present 1999Present 1985Present 1997Present
High jump 1896Present 1928Present 1983Present 1983Present 1985Present 1985Present
Long jump 1896Present 1948Present 1983Present 1983Present 1985Present 1985Present
Triple jump 1896Present 1996Present 1983Present 1993Present 1985Present 1993Present
Shot put 1896Present 1948Present 1983Present 1983Present 1985Present 1985Present
Discus throw 1896Present 1928Present 1983Present 1983Present
Hammer throw 1900Present 2000Present 1983Present 1999Present
Javelin throw 1908Present 1932Present 1983Present 1983Present
Pentathlon 19121924 19641980 1995Present
Heptathlon 1984Present 1983Present 1995Present
Decathlon 1912Present 1983Present

Former championship events

Event Olympic statusWorld Championship status World Indoor Championship status
MenWomenMenWomenMenWomen
80 metres hurdles 19321968
200 metres hurdles 19001904
3000 metres team race 19121924
Short course cross country 19982006 19982006
3000 metres race walk (track) 19851993
5000 metres race walk (track) 19851993
10,000 metres race walk (track) 19121924, 19481952 19921996 19871997
10 kilometres (road) 19831984
15 kilometres (road) 19851991
20 kilometres (road) 2006 2006
Medley relay 1908
Marathon road relay 19921998 19921998
Standing high jump 19001912
Standing long jump 19001912
Standing triple jump 19001904
56 pound weight throw 1904, 1920

Other common events

Misc

See also

Related Research Articles

Sport of athletics Sports involving running, jumping, throwing and walking

Athletics is a group of sporting events that involves competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and racewalking.

World Athletics is the international governing body for the sport of athletics, covering track and field, cross country running, road running, racewalking, mountain running, and ultra running. Included in its charge are the standardization of rules and regulations for the sports, recognition and management of world records, and the organisation and sanctioning of athletics competitions, including the World Athletics Championships. The organisation's president is Sebastian Coe of the United Kingdom, who was elected in 2015 and re-elected unopposed in 2019 for a further four years.

Track and field Sport involving running, jumping and throwing disciplines

Track and field is a sport that includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from where the sport takes place, a running track and a grass field for the throwing and some of the jumping events. Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and racewalking.

Pentathlon

A pentathlon is a contest featuring five events. The name is derived from Greek: combining the words pente (five) and -athlon (competition). The first pentathlon was documented in Ancient Greece and was part of the Ancient Olympic Games. Five events were contested over one day for the Ancient Olympic pentathlon, starting with the long jump, javelin throwing, and discus throwing, followed by the stadion and wrestling. Pentathletes were considered to be among the most skilled athletes, and their training was often part of military service—each of the five events in the pentathlon was thought to be useful in war or battle.

Womens pentathlon

The pentathlon or women's pentathlon is a combined track and field event in which each woman competes in five separate events over one day. The distance or time for each event is converted to points via scoring tables, with the overall ranking determined by total points. Since 1949 the events have been sprint hurdling, high jump, shot put, long jump, and a flat race. The sprint hurdles distance was 80 m outdoors until 1969 and thereafter 100 m; in indoor pentathlon the distance is 60 m. The flat race was 200 m until 1976 and thereafter 800 m. In elite-level outdoor competition, the pentathlon was superseded in 1981 by the heptathlon, which has seven events, with both 200 m and 800 m, as well as the javelin throw. Pentathlon is still contested at school and masters level and indoors.

Weight throw

Two sports have events that fall under the name of weight throw one being the track and field event and the other being the Scottish highland games events.

USA Indoor Track and Field Championships

The USA Indoor Track and Field Championships is an annual indoor track and field competition organized by USA Track & Field, which serves as the American national championships for the sport. In years which feature a World Indoor Championships in Athletics, the championships serve as a way of selecting the best athletes for those competitions.

The sports under the umbrella of athletics, particularly track and field, use a variety of statistics. In order to report that information efficiently, numerous abbreviations have grown to be common in the sport.

Athletics pentathlon

In the sport of athletics, pentathlons have taken various forms over the history of the sport, typically incorporating five track and field events. The only version of the event to remain at a high level of contemporary competition is the women's indoor pentathlon, which is present on the programme for the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

Belgian Athletics Championships

The Belgian Athletics Championships is an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Royal Belgian Athletics League, which serves as the national championship for the sport in Belgium.

Soviet Indoor Athletics Championships

The Soviet Indoor Athletics Championships was an annual indoor track and field competition organised by the Soviet Athletics Federation, which served as the Soviet national championship for the sport. Typically held over two to three days in February during the Soviet winter, it was a later development to the national programme, supplementing the main outdoor Soviet Athletics Championships held in the summer.

Russian Athletics Championships

The Russian Athletics Championships is an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the All-Russia Athletic Federation (ARAF), which serves as the Russian national championship for the sport. It is typically held as a four-day event in the Russian summer around late June to early August. The venue of the championships is decided on an annual basis.

The World Athletics Rankings are an individual athlete ranking system for the sport of athletics, managed by World Athletics. It is used to establish the number one athlete within an athletics event and to partially determine qualification into the World Athletics Championships and the athletics at the Summer Olympics. The rankings are published weekly by World Athletics on Wednesday. WA President Sebastian Coe said the goal of this system is so athletes and fans "have a clear understanding of the hierarchy of competitions from national through to area and up to global events, allowing them to follow a logical season-long path to the pinnacle of athletics' top two competitions".

Swedish Indoor Athletics Championships

The Swedish Indoor Athletics Championships is an annual indoor track and field competition organised by the Swedish Athletics Association, which serves as the Swedish national championship for the sport. The competition started as a non–official standing jumps contest in 1960, held at the Johanneshovs Isstadion in Stockholm. It expanded to a full indoor track and field competition in 1966, then later attained national championship status in 1984.

Norwegian Athletics Championships

The Norwegian Athletics Championships is an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Norwegian Athletics Association, which serves as the national championship for the sport in Norway. Royal trophies (Kongepokal) are given to the most outstanding male and female athletes of the competition.

Yugoslavian Athletics Championships

The Yugoslavian Athletics Championships was an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Athletic Federation of Yugoslavia, which served as the national championship for the sport in Yugoslavia.

Swedish Athletics Championships

The Swedish Athletics Championships is an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Swedish Athletics Association, which serves as the national championship for the sport in Sweden.

Belarusian Athletics Championships

The Belarusian Athletics Championships is an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Belarusian Athletic Federation, which serves as the national championship for the sport in Belarus.

Ukrainian Athletics Championships

The Ukrainian Athletics Championships is an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Ukrainian Athletic Federation, which serves as the national championship for the sport in Ukraine.

Turkish Indoor Athletics Championships

The Turkish Indoor Athletics Championships is an annual indoor track and field competition organised by the Turkish Athletic Federation, which serves as the national championship for the sport in Turkey.

References