Brovary

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Brovary
Бровари
Shablon-kartka Brovariv.png
Flag of Brovary.svg
Brovary gerb new.jpg
Kyiv oblast location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Brovary
Map of Ukraine with Brovary
Ukraine under russian occupation grey.svg
Red pog.svg
Brovary
Brovary (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°30′40″N30°47′24″E / 50.51111°N 30.79000°E / 50.51111; 30.79000
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Oblast Kyiv Oblast
Raion Brovary Raion
Hromada Brovary urban hromada
Government
  MayorIhor Sapozhko
Population
 (2022)
  Total109,806
  Density2,534/km2 (6,560/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
07400—07409
Area code +380 4594
Website brovary-rada.gov.ua
Brovary Terminal shopping mall Brovary Terminal.jpg
Brovary Terminal shopping mall
Brovary brewery Brovarnia v brovarakh.PNG
Brovary brewery
A church in Brovary Pokrovskaia tserkov' v Brovarakh.jpg
A church in Brovary
City Park Park imeni T.G.Shechenka.jpg
City Park

Brovary (Ukrainian : Бровари, IPA: [broʋɐˈrɪ] ; Yiddish : בראָוואַר, romanized: Brovar) is a city in Kyiv Oblast, northern Ukraine, situated to the east of the capital Kyiv and part of the Kyiv metropolitan area. It serves as the administrative centre of Brovary Raion. Brovary hosts the administration of Brovary urban hromada, one of the hromadas of Ukraine. [1] It has a population of 109,806 (2022 estimate). [2]

Contents

History

Early history

Brovary is a historic town, first mentioned in 1630. [3] At the time there were only 60 or 70 houses in Brovary, but in 1649 a Cossack sotnia is known to have been formed there. Cossacks took part in the Khmelnytsky Uprising under Bohdan Khmelnytsky's leadership.

Originally, the town was called Brovari (Ukrainian : Броварі), but the name was changed in 1969 to make it more similar to Russian. [4] The name, translated from Ukrainian, means 'breweries' (and is a loanword from Dutch). The town got its name after breweries where special beer was made. Travellers who went to Kyiv often stopped in Brovary, rested, dined and drank the local beer. Many famous people visited Brovary while travelling to Kyiv. A Ukrainian poet, Taras Shevchenko, was among them. He visited this town many times in the period from 1829 to 1847. Nowadays there is a monument to Shevchenko in the place from which Brovary began its history as a town, in its old centre.

In 1923, Brovary became the center of Brovary Raion. In that year, Brovary had a population of 4,065 people. In 1930, the district was reworked, with its center moved to Velyka Dymerka. In 1937, this change was undone, and the center was moved back to Brovary. [5]

Brovary received city status in 1956, and in 1972 was designated a city of oblast significance - meaning that while Brovary still served as the administrative center of Brovary Raion, it was no longer subordinated to it, instead being directly subordinated to the government of Kyiv Oblast. [3]

Early 21st century

International ill-fame came to Brovary in April 2000 after an apartment block was hit by a stray surface-to-surface missile launched from a neighbouring army shooting range in Honcharivske during a training exercise. Three people were killed. [6]

During the country-wide Ukrainian administrative reform of 17 July 2020, Brovary's status as a city of oblast significance was abolished, and it was returned to subordination to Brovary Raion.

Russian invasion of Ukraine

It was reported on 10 March 2022 that there had been an attack on a Russian armoured column at Skybyn, just outside Brovary, as it was trying to move in from the north. [7] [8] On 11 March there were fights in Brovary as Russian troops were trying to encircle Kyiv from its east. [9]

On 2 April 2022 the whole of Kyiv Oblast, where Brovary is located, was declared liberated by the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense after Russian troops had left the area. [10]

Geography

Brovary is a raion centre in Kyiv Oblast. It is situated 20 kilometers from the capital of Ukraine, Kyiv. Brovary Raion lies in the areas of mixed forests. The climate here is moderately continental with the middle temperature -6 C in January and +19 C in July.

Layout

The modern centre of Brovary is the newest and the most beautiful part of the town. There, one will find a park with its peaceful alleys. In the central park you can see monuments to the past. There is a plane and a tank. Some shops, offices and cafes are situated there, so the streets are never empty, even in the evening.

Traditionally the town is divided into three parts: the old town, the new town, and the industrial part. There are many plants and factories in the town, producing knitting, furniture, machine tools, plastic materials and other goods. There are ten secondary schools, two music schools, a school of Arts, and three libraries in Brovary. In the city center lies "Prometey", the historical museum in Gagarin street, which attracts many visitors. If you are fond of sports, you may go to the swimming pools or to the "Spartak" stadium, or even enter the sport college.

Culture

In September the citizens of Brovary celebrate the Holiday of the Town's Day. It is the time when everyone can watch and listen to concerts of musicians and singers, and see performances by dancers who live in the district. On that day, all the competitions are for show, but Brovary itself is known to be a famous sports town, where a lot of well-known sportsmen have started their career.

Economy

In the 21st century, Brovary is Ukraine's shoe-making capital, with dozens of such companies located there. There is also a broadcasting centre for long and shortwave transmissions. The longwave transmitter, which works on 207 kHz, uses as its antenna two 259.6 m (852 ft) tall guyed mast radiators each equipped with a cage antenna at their lower part.

The city also houses a railway station.

Sports

Brovary is also an important sport centre of Ukraine. Several world and Olympic champions were born and/or began their career here. Ukraine's national mint facility is located in Brovary.

Oleksandra Kononova won three medals at the 2010 Paralympic games in Vancouver and became the 2010 Ukrainian sports personality of the year. [11]

Demographics

As of the 2001 Ukrainian census, Brovary had a population of 86,839 people. In terms of self-reported ethnic background, 84% of people in Brovary said they were Ukrainians, 14% said they were Russians, and 0.9% Belarusians. [3]

Population history
Year 1769 1897 1923 1930 2001 2022
Pop.708 [5] 4,312 [5] 4,065 [5] 5,618 [5] 86,839 [3] 109,806 [2]
±% p.a.    +1.42%−0.23%+4.73%+3.93%+1.12%

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Brovary is twinned with:

CityCountryYear of Signing
Fontenay-sous-Bois Flag of France.svg France 1989
Slutsk [ citation needed ] Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus 1992
Rockford, Illinois Flag of the United States.svg United States 1995
Hengyang, Hunan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China 1995
Tacoma, Washington Flag of the United States.svg United States 2017

Notable people associated with the city

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References

  1. "Броварская городская громада" (in Russian). Портал об'єднаних громад України.
  2. 1 2 Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022](PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Колесник, В. О. (2004-02-01). "Бровари". Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine (in Ukrainian). Vol. 3. Інститут енциклопедичних досліджень НАН України. ISBN   978-966-02-2074-4.
  4. "Машина часу. Історія міста Бровари: Швидка комунізація і довга декомунізація". 5 Канал (in Ukrainian). 2016-11-28.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Бровари, Броварський район, Київська область". Історія міст і сіл Української РСР (in Ukrainian).
  6. "Stray Missile Hit Town, Ukraine Admits". Archived from the original on 11 March 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  7. "Ukraine war: 'Lots and lots of losses': Military vehicles destroyed in Brovary, north-east of Kyiv". Sky News. 10 March 2022. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  8. euronews
  9. https://www.defense.gouv.fr/var/dicod/storage/images/base-de-medias/images/actualites/images-actu/ukraine-point-de-situation-au-11-mars-2022/10526007-5-fre-FR/ukraine-point-de-situation-au-11-mars-2022.jpg [ bare URL image file ]
  10. Ukraine ‘retakes whole Kyiv region’ as Russia looks east, aljazeera.com (3 April 2022)
  11. "2010 the year in review Ukrainian sports personality of the year: Paralympics sensation Oleksandra Kononova". Business Ukraine Online. December 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2014.[ dead link ]