The IAAF Continental Cup (formerly known as the IAAF World Cup) is an international athletics track and field competition organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). It is the only world cup contested by teams representing continents, rather than national teams. The event takes place every four years in the even-year between Olympics.
Athletics is a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking. The most common types of athletics competitions are track and field, road running, cross country running, and race walking.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from where the sport takes place, a running track and a grass field for the throwing and some of the jumping events. Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and racewalking.
World Athletics is the international governing body for the sport of athletics. It was founded on 17 July 1912 as the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) by representatives from 17 national athletics federations at the organization's first meeting in Stockholm, Sweden, with a first congress in Berlin in 1913. Since October 1993, 82 years after its creation, it has been headquartered in Monaco, with an official inauguration on 10 June 1994. Previously, from 1912 to 1946, it was originally in Stockholm, then, from 1946 to 1993, it was moved to London.
The founder of the original World Cup was the Italian IAAF former President Primo Nebiolo.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in Southern Europe, and it is sometimes considered as part of Western Europe. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Primo Nebiolo was an Italian sports official, best known as president of the worldwide athletics federation IAAF.
In 2018, the inaugural Athletics World Cup was held. This event is not related to the original IAAF World Cup or its IAAF Continental Cup successor, and the latter continues to be held.
The Athletics World Cup is a team-based international athletics competition inaugurated in 2018.
The previous format (known as the IAAF World Cup) included separate men's and women's competitions. Eight teams would take part in each event, five continental and three national, and if the stadium had a ninth lane, the host nation would also be allowed to enter a team.
The winning men's and women's teams (and runners-up) from the preceding European Cup qualified as national teams for the World Cup, together with the United States. The continental teams comprised Africa, Asia, Oceania, the rest of the Americas (North American, Central American and Caribbean Athletic Association and Confederación Sudamericana de Atletismo), and the rest of Europe.
The European Cup is a former athletics competition for European teams that was replaced by the European Team Championships starting in 2009. The European Cup saw most of the major nations of Europe compete. Originally known as the Bruno Zauli Cup, it first took place in 1965 in Stuttgart (men) and Kassel (women), Germany. Initially, the competition was a bi-annual event ; however, from 1993, it took place once every year.
USA Track & Field (USATF) is the United States national governing body for the sports of track and field, cross country running, road running and racewalking. The USATF was known between 1979 and 1992 as The Athletics Congress (TAC) after its spin off from the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU), which governed the sport in the US through most of the 20th century until the Amateur Sports Act of 1978 dissolved its responsibility.
The Confederation of African Athletics is the continental association for the sport of athletics in Africa. It is headquartered in Dakar, Senegal. It organises the African Championships in Athletics and other continental competitions. The body's president is Hamad Kalkaba Malboum of Cameroon.
Beginning with the 2010 event in Split, Croatia, the format was changed and the competition renamed the IAAF Continental Cup. The number of regional teams was reduced to four (Africa, Asia/Pacific, Europe and the Americas) each represented by two athletes or one relay team in every event, and national teams were eliminated.
Split is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia, with about 350,000 people living in its urban area. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea and is spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula.
Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Slovenia to the northwest, Hungary to the northeast, Serbia to the east, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro to the southeast, sharing a maritime border with Italy. Its capital, Zagreb, forms one of the country's primary subdivisions, along with twenty counties. Croatia has an area of 56,594 square kilometres and a population of 4.28 million, most of whom are Roman Catholics.
The Asian Athletics Association is the continental governing body for the sport of athletics in Asia. It is headquartered in Singapore. It organises the Asian Championships in Athletics and other continental competitions.
In addition, the separate men's and women's competitions were merged: the continental teams now compete for a single mixed championship.
After a decision at the 206th IAAF Council Meeting, held after the 2016 Summer Olympics, long-distance events were removed from the programme, and the 4 × 400 metres relay event was modified to a mixed gender event.
|Year||Venue||Cup winners||Second place||Third place|
|1977||Düsseldorf||Men||United States||West Germany|
|Women||East Germany||Soviet Union|
|1981||Rome||Men||East Germany||United States|
|1985||Canberra||Men||Soviet Union||East Germany|
|1989||Barcelona||Men||Europe||Great Britain and Northern Ireland|
|1992||Havana||Men||Great Britain and Northern Ireland||Europe|
|1994||London||Men||Great Britain and Northern Ireland||America|
|Year||Venue||Cup winners||Second place||Third place||Fourth place|
|2010||Split, Croatia||Overall|| Americas ||Asia/Pacific|
|2018||Ostrava, Czech Republic||Overall||Americas||Asia/Pacific|
|100 m||9.87 (-0.2 m/s)||Obadele Thompson||11 September 1998||1998 Johannesburg|
|200 m||19.87 (+0.1 m/s)||Wallace Spearmon||17 September 2006||2006 Athens|
|400 m||44.22||Jeremy Wariner||4 September 2010||2010 Split|
|800 m||1:43.37||David Rudisha||5 September 2010|
|1500 m||3:31.20||Bernard Lagat||20 September 2002||2002 Madrid|
|3000 m||7:32.19||Craig Mottram||17 September 2006||2006 Athens|
|5000 m||13:13.82||Miruts Yifter||3 July 1977||1977 Düsseldorf|
|10000 m||27:38.43 *||Werner Schildhauer||4 September 1981||1981 Rome|
|3000 m steeplechase||8:09.67||Richard Mateelong||5 September 2010||2010 Split|
|110 m hurdles||12.96 (+0.4 m/s)||Allen Johnson||17 September 2006||2006 Athens|
|400 m hurdles||47.37||Edwin Moses||4 September 1981||1981 Rome|
|Abderrahman Samba||8 September 2018||2018 Ostrava|
|High jump||2.40 m||Javier Sotomayor||11 September 1994||1994 London|
|Pole vault||5.95 m||Steven Hooker||5 September 2010||2010 Split|
|Long jump||8.52 m (0.0 m/s)||Larry Myricks||26 September 1979||1979 Montreal|
|Triple jump||17.61 m (+0.6 m/s)||Yoelbi Quesada||10 September 1994||1994 London|
|Shot put||22.00 m||Ulf Timmermann||5 October 1985||1985 Canberra|
|Discus throw||71.25 m||Róbert Fazekas||21 September 2002||2002 Madrid|
|Hammer throw||82.68 m||Tibor Gécsek||12 September 1998||1998 Johannesburg|
|Javelin throw||89.26 m||Andreas Thorkildsen||5 September 2010||2010 Split|
|4 × 100 m relay||37.59|| Kaaron Conwright |
|16 September 2006||2006 Athens|
|4 × 400 m relay||2:59.00||Various (Americas)||5 September 2010||2010 Split|
|100 m||10.65 (+1.1 m/s)||Marion Jones||12 September 1998||1998 Johannesburg|
|200 m||21.62 (-0.6 m/s)||Marion Jones||11 September 1998|
|400 m||47.60||Marita Koch||6 October 1985||1985 Canberra|
|800 m||1:54.44||Ana Fidelia Quirot||9 September 1989||1989 Barcelona|
|1500 m||4:00.84||Maryam Yusuf Jamal||17 September 2006||2006 Athens|
|3000 m||8:27.50||Sifan Hassan||8 September 2018||2018 Ostrava|
|5000 m||14:39.11||Meseret Defar||17 September 2006||2006 Athens|
|10000 m||30:52.51 *||Elana Meyer||10 September 1994||1994 London|
|100 m hurdles||12.47 (+0.7 m/s)||Dawn Harper Nelson||14 September 2014||2014 Marrakech|
|400 m hurdles||52.96||Nezha Bidouane||11 September 1998||1998 Johannesburg|
|3000 m steeplechase||9:07.92||Beatrice Chepkoech||9 September 2018||2018 Ostrava|
|High jump||2.05 m||Blanka Vlašić||5 September 2010||2010 Split|
|Pole vault||4.85 m||Anzhelika Sidorova||8 September 2018||2018 Ostrava|
|Long jump||7.27 m (+0.7 m/s)||Heike Drechsler||6 October 1985||1985 Canberra|
|Triple jump||15.25 m (+1.7 m/s)||Olga Rypakova||4 September 2010||2010 Split|
|Shot put||20.98 m||Ilona Briesenick||24 August 1979||1979 Montreal|
|Discus throw||71.54 m||Ilke Wyludda||10 September 1989||1989 Barcelona|
|Hammer throw||75.46 m||DeAnna Price||8 September 2018||2018 Ostrava|
|Javelin throw||DQ||Maria Abakumova||4 September 2010||2010 Split|
|4 × 100 m relay||41.37|| Silke Gladisch |
|6 October 1985||1985 Canberra|
|4 × 400 m relay||3:19.50|| Kirsten Emmelmann |
|4 October 1985|
* = last IAAF Continental Cup competition in 1994
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