The FEI World Cup Dressage Final is an annual international dressage series involving the world's best dressage horses and riders. It has been held since 1985.
The International Federation for Equestrian Sports is the international governing body of equestrian sports.
Dressage is a highly skilled form of riding performed in exhibition and competition, as well as an "art" sometimes pursued solely for the sake of mastery. As an equestrian sport defined by the International Equestrian Federation, dressage is "the highest expression of horse training" where "horse and rider are expected to perform from memory a series of predetermined movements."
The history of the World Cup Dressage Final is closely connected to the history of the Grand Prix Freestyle. In 1984 Joep Bartels (former rider, husband of Tineke Bartels and father of Imke Schellekens-Bartels) saw Reiner Klimke and Ahlerich perform the one tempi changes to John Williams' Olympic Fanfare at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Inspired by this, he thought of a freestyle dressage competition.
Martina Maria Anna Antonia "Tineke" Bartels-de Vries is an equestrian from the Netherlands, who won the silver medal in the Team Dressage Event at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain. She did so alongside Annemarie Sanders, Ellen Bontje, and Anky van Grunsven. In the Individual Competition she finished in fifteenth position.
Reiner Klimke was a German equestrian, who won six gold and two bronze medals in dressage at the Summer Olympics — a record for equestrian events that has since been surpassed. He appeared in six Olympics from 1960 to 1988, excluding the 1980 Games that were boycotted by West Germany.
Ahlerich (1971–1992) was a Westphalian gelding. With his rider Reiner Klimke, he won the 1984 and 1988 team gold medals in Olympic Grand Prix dressage and the individual gold in 1984.
One year later, the first World Cup Dressage Final was held. Each qualifier for the World Cup Final, which is held at the end of each season, consists of two competitions (Grand Prix de Dressage and Grand Prix Freestyle). From 1985 to 2001 both competitions counted for the qualifier results, which were part of the world cup ranking for this season. Since 2002, only the Grand Prix Freestyle has counted for the world cup ranking.
From 1985 to 2004 Joep Bartels was the director of the World Cup Dressage Final.
Reem Acra was the World Cup Dressage Final title sponsor from the season 2010/2011 to 2015.
Reem Acra is a fashion designer born in Beirut, Lebanon, known for her eponymous bridal gown line and her ready-to-wear collection.
Riders, who will be part of the World Cup Dressage Final, have two options to qualify for this event.
The first option is, to qualify oneself by one World Cup league. There are four Dressage World Cup leagues:
|League||Geographical location||Number of quotas for the World Cup final||Number of participants who have the chance to move up in the final|
|Western European League (WEL)||European nations west of the line: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom||9||up to the 14th rank|
|Central European League(CEL)||European nations east of the line such as Belarus, Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Ukraine (list may be incomplete)||2||up to the 3rd rank|
|North American League (NAL)||United States of America, Canada, Mexico||2||up to the 3rd rank|
|Asia / Pacific League (PAL)||Australia, New Zealand||1||up to the 2nd rank|
Generally, only three participants per nation are allowed to participate in the World Cup final.
In addition, the FEI awards two extra starting places to riders that have not qualified for the World Cup finals. Unused starting places can also be allocated by the FEI as extra starting places.
To participate with a horse in the World Cup final, a rider (which starts in one of the leagues) has to start with this horse in two World Cup qualifiers. In this competition, the rider has to complete the competition with at least 68.000%.
The title holder is automatically qualified for the World Cup final, but he/she must also qualify his horse in the above called way. If he/she starts in a qualifier, he/she is not considered in the scoring (scoring points) of this event.
The scoring of the league is set only for the European leagues by the FEI. The North American and the Pacific Leagues have their own regulations.
In the European leagues the number of scoring points of each rider decide on the qualification of the rider for the World Cup final. The points are awarded in the Grand Prix Freestyle according to the following system:
If the 15th rank awarded several times, all riders of this rank will get 2 scoring points.
In the North American League each rider has to start in two qualifiers to have the chance to start in the World Cup final. The best two Grand Prix Freestyle results of each rider by World Cup qualifiers are added and then divided by two. The two riders with the best scoring of this procedure are qualified for the World Cup final.
The Pacific League has no scoring ranking. Riders, who have to complete a Grand Prix Freestyle competition at a CDI 3* or CDI-W in the Pacific League region with at least 62.000%, have the chance to start at the Pacific League final. This league final is held between December and February in Australia or New Zealand. The winner of this league final are qualified for the World Cup final.
The World Cup final is held at the end of each Dressage World Cup season in March or April. The first competition of the final is the Grand Prix de Dressage, the winner of the second competition of the final (the Grand Prix Freestyle) is the winner of this World Cup season.
(2011 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2012 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2013 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2014 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2015 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2016 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2017 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2018 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2019 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2020 FEI World Cup Finals)
(2021 FEI World Cup Finals)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to FEI World Cup Dressage .|
Adelinde Cornelissen is a Dutch dressage rider.
Edward Gal is a Dutch dressage rider. He and the stallion Totilas, were triple gold medalists at the 2010 FEI World Equestrian Games, becoming the first horse-rider partnership ever to sweep the three available dressage gold medals at a single FEI World Games. Going into the 2010 Games, they had amassed multiple world-record scores in international competition, leading one American journalist to call them "rock stars in the horse world". After the World Equestrian Games, Totilas was sold to German trainer Paul Schockemöhle. Gal continues to be successful training and competing dressage horses at the international level.
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The 2010 CHIO Aachen was the 2010 edition of the CHIO Aachen, the German official horse show in five horse sport disciplines.
The 2010 Longines Royal International Horse Show was that year's edition of the Royal International Horse Show, the British official show jumping competition at All England Jumping Course at Hickstead. It was held as CSIO 5* and CDI 5*.
The equestrian events at the 2012 Olympic Games in London were held between 28 July and 9 August at Greenwich Park. Medals were awarded in three disciplines for both individual and team competitions.
The 2011 FEI World Cup Finals in Leipzig, Germany were the Final of four World Cups in different Equestrian sports. They were held in the exhibition halls 1 and 3 at the new Leipzig Trade Fair from April 27 to May 1, 2011.
The 2011 Falsterbo Horse Show was the 2011 edition of the Falsterbo Horse Show, the Swedish official show jumping horse show. It was held as CSIO 5* and CDI 5*.
The World Dressage Masters – shortened WDM – is an international dressage series held since 2009. All events of the series are held as CDI 5*, the highest level of dressage events.
The 2011 CHIO Aachen was the 2011 edition of the CHIO Aachen, the German official horse show in five horse sport disciplines.
The 2011 Longines Royal International Horse Show was the 2011 edition of the Royal International Horse Show, the British official show jumping horse show at All England Jumping Course at Hickstead. It was held as CSIO 5* and CDI 5*.
The 2011 European Dressage Championship was held between August 17 and August 21, 2011 in Rotterdam, Netherlands.
The 2012 FEI World Cup Finals in 's-Hertogenbosch was held from April 19 to April 22, 2012. It was the final of the Show jumping and Dressage World Cup series. This finals was held in the Brabanthallen.
The 2011 CHIO Rotterdam was the 2012 edition of the CHIO Rotterdam, the Dutch official show jumping horse show. It was held as CSIO 5* in show jumping, CDIO 3* and CDI 3* in dressage.
The 2012 CHIO Aachen was the 2012 edition of the CHIO Aachen, the German official horse show in five horse sport disciplines.
The 2012 Falsterbo Horse Show was the 2012 edition of the Falsterbo Horse Show, the Swedish official show jumping horse show. It was held as CSIO 5* and CDI 5*.
The 2014 FEI World Cup Finals in Lyon will held between April 17 to April 21, 2014. It will be the final of the Show jumping and Dressage World Cup series. This finals will be held in the Lyon Euroexpo. For the first time since 1987 Show Jumping World Cup Final will be held in France while Dressage World Cup Final hasn't been held in France since 1991.
Mikala Münter Gundersen is a Danish dressage rider. She represented Denmark at the 2014 World Equestrian Games where she finished 7th with Danish team in the team dressage competition.
Kelly Layne is an Australian Dressage rider and trainer. She planned on representing her country at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. However, Layne was unable to compete in the Games due to an injury suffered by her horse, Udon P, forcing her to withdraw from the final qualifying event. While born in Australia, Layne is currently based in Wellington, Florida. Layne also helped found her own riding team, "Dream Team Dressage".