Cricket World Cup

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ICC Cricket World Cup
Icc cricket world cup trophy.jpg
The World Cup Trophy
Administrator International Cricket Council (ICC)
Format One Day International
First edition 1975 (England)
Latest edition 2019 (England, Wales)
Next edition 2023 (India)
Tournament format ↓various
Number of teams20 (all tournaments)
14 (until 2015)
10 (current)
Current championFlag of England.svg  England (1st title)
Most successfulFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia (5 titles)
Most runs Flag of India.svg Sachin Tendulkar (2,278)
Most wickets Flag of Australia (converted).svg Glenn McGrath (71)

The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), every four years, with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament. The tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC. [1]

World cup competition global sporting competition

A world cup is a global sporting competition in which the participant entities – usually international teams or individuals representing their countries - compete for the title of world champion. A world cup is generally considered the premier competition in its sport, with the victor attaining the highest honour in that sport and able to lay claim to the title of their sport's best. However, in some sports the Olympic title carries at least as much prestige.

One Day International Form of limited overs cricket, 50-over format

A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of overs, usually 50. The Cricket World Cup, generally held every four years, is played in this format. One Day International matches are also called Limited Overs Internationals (LOI), although this generic term may also refer to Twenty20 International matches. They are major matches and considered the highest standard of List A, limited overs competition.

Cricket Team sport played with bats and balls

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground. When ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

Contents

The first World Cup was organised in England in June 1975, with the first ODI cricket match having been played only four years earlier. However, a separate Women's Cricket World Cup had been held two years before the first men's tournament, and a tournament involving multiple international teams had been held as early as 1912, when a triangular tournament of Test matches was played between Australia, England and South Africa. The first three World Cups were held in England. From the 1987 tournament onwards, hosting has been shared between countries under an unofficial rotation system, with fourteen ICC members having hosted at least one match in the tournament.

The 1975 Cricket World Cup was the first edition of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Conference (ICC) and was the first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament to be held. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England.

Womens Cricket World Cup international womens cricket tournament

The ICC Women's Cricket World Cup is the sport's oldest world championship, with the first tournament held in England in 1973. Matches are played as One Day Internationals (ODIs) over 50 overs, while there is also another championship for Twenty20 International cricket, the ICC Women's T20 World Cup.

The 1912 Triangular Tournament was a Test cricket competition played between Australia, England and South Africa, the only Test-playing nations at the time.

The World Cup is open to all members of the International Cricket Council (ICC), although the highest-ranking teams receive automatic qualification. The remaining teams are determined via the World Cricket League and the ICC World Cup Qualifier. A total of twenty teams have competed in the eleven editions of the tournament, with fourteen teams competing in 2015; the recent 2019 tournament only had ten teams. Australia has won the tournament five times, India and West Indies twice each, while Pakistan, Sri Lanka and England have won it once each. The best performance by a non-full-member team came when Kenya made the semi-finals of the 2003 tournament.

International Cricket Council Governing body of cricket

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global governing body of cricket. It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 by representatives from Australia, England and South Africa. It was renamed as the International Cricket Conference in 1965, and took up its current name in 1989. It organises world championship events such as Cricket World Cup, Women's Cricket World Cup, ICC T20 World Cup, ICC Women's T20 World Cup, ICC Champions Trophy and Under-19 Cricket World Cup.

World Cricket League series of international one-day cricket tournaments

The ICC World Cricket League was a series of international one-day cricket tournaments for national teams without Test status, administered by the International Cricket Council. All Associate Members of the ICC are eligible to compete in the league system, which features a promotion and relegation structure between divisions. The league system has two main aims: to provide a qualification system for the World Cup that can be accessed by all Associate Members, and as an opportunity for these sides to play international one-day matches against teams of similar standards.

The ICC World Cup Qualifier is a One-Day International (ODI) cricket tournament that serves as the culmination of the qualifying process for the Cricket World Cup. It is usually played in the year before the World Cup.

England are the current champions after winning the 2019 edition, the next tournament will be held in India in 2023.

History

Before the first Cricket World Cup

The first international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844. [2] However, the first credited Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, and the two teams competed regularly for The Ashes in subsequent years. South Africa was admitted to Test status in 1889. [3] Representative cricket teams were selected to tour each other, resulting in bilateral competition. Cricket was also included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the gold medal. [4] This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics.

The Canadian cricket team in the United States in 1844 was both the first official international cricket match and the first official international game of any sport. The match between the two national teams was billed as ‘United States of America versus the British Empire's Canadian Province’. The match took place between 24 and 26 September 1844 at the St George's Cricket Club's ground at what is now 30th Street and Broadway in Manhattan.

Test cricket The longest form of cricket

Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted ‘Test status’, as determined and conferred by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The term Test stems from the fact that the long, gruelling matches are mentally and physically testing. Two teams of 11 players each play a four-innings match, which may last up to five days. It is generally considered the most complete examination of a team's endurance and ability.

Australia national cricket team national sports team

The Australian men's national cricket team represents Australia in international cricket. As one of the oldest teams in Test cricket history, playing in the first ever Test match in 1877, the team also plays One-Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) cricket, participating in both the first ODI, against England in the 1970–71 season and the first T20I, against New Zealand in the 2004–05 season, winning both games. The team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the Sheffield Shield, the Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament and the Big Bash League.

The first multilateral competition at international level was the 1912 Triangular Tournament, a Test cricket tournament played in England between all three Test-playing nations at the time: England, Australia and South Africa. The event was not a success: the summer was exceptionally wet, making play difficult on damp uncovered pitches, and crowd attendances were poor, attributed to a "surfeit of cricket". [5] Since then, international Test cricket has generally been organised as bilateral series: a multilateral Test tournament was not organised again until the triangular Asian Test Championship in 1999. [6]

Asian Test Championship

The ACC Asian Test Championship was a professional Test cricket tournament contested between the Test playing nations of Asia: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. It is not a regular event in the cricketing calendar and has so far been held only twice; in 1998–99 when Pakistan won and in 2001–02 with Sri Lanka as champions. It was originally planned that the tournament would be held every two years, alternatively with the Asia Cup.

The number of nations playing Test cricket increased gradually over time, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952. However, international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.

In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Starting in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, [7] and continuing with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969. The first One-Day International match was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over game with eight balls per over. [8]

In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket (WSC) competition. It introduced many of the now commonplace features of One Day International cricket, including coloured uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball and dark sight screens, and, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from the players on the pitch, and on-screen graphics. The first of the matches with coloured uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979. The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions in England and other parts of the world, as well as the early One-Day Internationals, prompted the ICC to consider organising a Cricket World Cup. [9]

Prudential World Cups (1975–1983)

The Prudential Cup trophy Prudential Cup.jpg
The Prudential Cup trophy

The inaugural Cricket World Cup was hosted in 1975 by England, the only nation able to put forward the resources to stage an event of such magnitude at the time. The 1975 tournament started on 7 June. [10] The first three events were held in England and officially known as the Prudential Cup after the sponsors Prudential plc. The matches consisted of 60 six-ball overs per team, played during the daytime in traditional form, with the players wearing cricket whites and using red cricket balls. [11]

Eight teams participated in the first tournament: Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, and the West Indies (the six Test nations at the time), together with Sri Lanka and a composite team from East Africa. [12] One notable omission was South Africa, who were banned from international cricket due to apartheid. The tournament was won by the West Indies, who defeated Australia by 17 runs in the final at Lord's. [12] Roy Fredricks of West Indies was the first batsmen who got hit-wicket in ODI during the 1975 World Cup final. [13]

The 1979 World Cup saw the introduction of the ICC Trophy competition to select non-Test playing teams for the World Cup, [14] with Sri Lanka and Canada qualifying. [15] The West Indies won a second consecutive World Cup tournament, defeating the hosts England by 92 runs in the final. At a meeting which followed the World Cup, the International Cricket Conference agreed to make the competition a quadrennial event. [15]

The 1983 event was hosted by England for a third consecutive time. By this stage, Sri Lanka had become a Test-playing nation, and Zimbabwe qualified through the ICC Trophy. A fielding circle was introduced, 30 yards (27 m) away from the stumps. Four fieldsmen needed to be inside it at all times. [16] The teams faced each other twice, before moving into the knock-outs. India was crowned champions after upsetting the West Indies by 43 runs in the final. [9] [17]

Different champions (1987–1996)

India and Pakistan jointly hosted the 1987 tournament, the first time that the competition was held outside England. The games were reduced from 60 to 50 overs per innings, the current standard, because of the shorter daylight hours in the Indian subcontinent compared with England's summer. [18] Australia won the championship by defeating England by 7 runs in the final, the closest margin in the World Cup final until the 2019 edition between England and New Zealand. [19] [20]

The 1992 World Cup, held in Australia and New Zealand, introduced many changes to the game, such as coloured clothing, white balls, day/night matches, and a change to the fielding restriction rules. The South African cricket team participated in the event for the first time, following the fall of the apartheid regime and the end of the international sports boycott. [21] Pakistan overcame a dismal start in the tournament to eventually defeat England by 22 runs in the final and emerge as winners. [22]

The 1996 championship was held in the Indian subcontinent for a second time, with the inclusion of Sri Lanka as host for some of its group stage matches. [23] In the semi-final, Sri Lanka, heading towards a crushing victory over India at Eden Gardens after the hosts lost eight wickets while scoring 120 runs in pursuit of 252, were awarded victory by default after crowd unrest broke out in protest against the Indian performance. [24] Sri Lanka went on to win their maiden championship by defeating Australia by seven wickets in the final at Lahore. [25]

Australian treble (1999–2007)

In 1999 the event was hosted by England, with some matches also being held in Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the Netherlands. [26] [27] Twelve teams contested the World Cup. Australia qualified for the semi-finals after reaching their target in their Super 6 match against South Africa off the final over of the match. [28] They then proceeded to the final with a tied match in the semi-final also against South Africa where a mix-up between South African batsmen Lance Klusener and Allan Donald saw Donald drop his bat and stranded mid-pitch to be run out. In the final, Australia dismissed Pakistan for 132 and then reached the target in less than 20 overs and with eight wickets in hand. [29]

A crowd of over 10,000 fans welcome the Australian team on completing the first World Cup hat-trick - Martin Place, Sydney. Australian World Cup treble.jpg
A crowd of over 10,000 fans welcome the Australian team on completing the first World Cup hat-trick  Martin Place, Sydney.

South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya hosted the 2003 World Cup. The number of teams participating in the event increased from twelve to fourteen. Kenya's victories over Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe, among others – and a forfeit by the New Zealand team, which refused to play in Kenya because of security concerns – enabled Kenya to reach the semi-finals, the best result by an associate. [30] In the final, Australia made 359 runs for the loss of two wickets, the largest ever total in a final, defeating India by 125 runs. [31] [32]

In 2007 the tournament was hosted by the West Indies and expanded to sixteen teams. [33] Following Pakistan's upset loss to World Cup debutants Ireland in the group stage, Pakistani coach Bob Woolmer was found dead in his hotel room. [34] Jamaican police had initially launched a murder investigation into Woolmer's death but later confirmed that he died of heart failure. [35] Australia defeated Sri Lanka in the final by 53 runs (D/L) in farcical light conditions, and extended their undefeated run in the World Cup to 29 matches and winning three straight championships. [36]

Hosts triumph (2011–2019)

India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh together hosted the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Pakistan were stripped of their hosting rights following the terrorist attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in 2009, with the games originally scheduled for Pakistan redistributed to the other host countries. [37] The number of teams participating in the World Cup dropped down to fourteen. [38] Australia lost their final group stage match against Pakistan on 19 March 2011, ending an unbeaten streak of 35 World Cup matches, which had begun on 23 May 1999. [39] India won their second World Cup title by beating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final in Mumbai, and became the first country to win the final on home soil. [38]

Australia and New Zealand jointly hosted the 2015 Cricket World Cup. The number of participants remained at fourteen. Ireland was the most successful Associate nation with a total of three wins in the tournament. New Zealand beat South Africa in a thrilling first semi-final to qualify for their maiden World Cup final. Australia defeated New Zealand by seven wickets in the final at Melbourne to lift the World Cup for the fifth time. [40]

England perform a lap of honour around Lord's after their victory. Englandvictorylap.png
England perform a lap of honour around Lord's after their victory.

The 2019 Cricket World Cup was hosted by England and Wales. The number of participants was reduced to 10. The first semi-final where New Zealand defeated India was pushed over to the reserve day after rain made the match unable to be completed on the original scheduled day. [41] England defeated the defending champions, Australia, in the second semi-final to play New Zealand in the final. Neither finalist had up to this point won the Cricket World Cup. In the final, the scores were tied at 241 after 50 overs and the match went to a super over. After the super over, scores were again tied at 15. Therefore the match was tied, but the World Cup was won by England, owing to a greater boundary count than New Zealand in their respective batting innings. [42] [43]

Format

Qualification

The Test-playing nations qualify automatically for the World Cup main event while the other teams have to qualify through a series of preliminary qualifying tournaments. A new qualifying format was introduced for the 2015 Cricket World Cup. The top two teams of the 2011–13 ICC World Cricket League Championship qualify directly. The remaining six teams join the third and fourth-placed teams of 2011 ICC World Cricket League Division Two and the top two teams of the 2013 ICC World Cricket League Division Three in the World Cup Qualifier to decide the remaining two places. [44] [45]

Qualifying tournaments were introduced for the second World Cup, where two of the eight places in the finals were awarded to the leading teams in the ICC Trophy. [14] The number of teams selected through the ICC Trophy had varied throughout the years. The World Cricket League (administered by the International Cricket Council) is the qualification system provided to allow the Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC more opportunities to qualify. The name "ICC Trophy" has been changed to "ICC World Cup Qualifier". [46]

Under the current qualifying process, the World Cricket League, all Associate and Affiliate members of the ICC are able to qualify for the World Cup. Associate and Affiliate members must play between two and five stages in the ICC World Cricket League to qualify for the World Cup finals, depending on the Division in which they start the qualifying process.

Process summary in chronological order (2011–2014):

  1. 2011 ICC World Cricket League Division Two: 6 Teams – Top 2 were promoted to the 2011–13 ICC World Cricket League Championship. The third and fourth-placed teams qualified for the 2014 Cricket World Cup Qualifier. The fifth and sixth-placed teams were relegated to the Division Three for 2013.
  2. 2011–13 ICC World Cricket League Championship: 8 Teams – Top 2 automatically qualified for the 2015 Cricket World Cup. The remaining six teams qualified for the 2014 Cricket World Cup Qualifier.
  3. 2013 ICC World Cricket League Division Three: 6 Teams – Top 2 were qualified for the 2014 Cricket World Cup Qualifier. The fifth and sixth-placed teams were relegated to the Division Four for 2014.
  4. 2014 Cricket World Cup Qualifier: 10 Teams – Top 2 qualified for the 2015 Cricket World Cup and the 2015–17 ICC World Cricket League Championship. The third and fourth-placed teams qualified for the 2015–17 ICC World Cricket League Championship. The fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth-placed teams remained in the Division Two for 2015. The ninth and tenth-placed teams were relegated to the Division Three for 2014

Tournament

The captains of the 2007 Cricket World Cup. ICC CWC 2007 team captains.jpg
The captains of the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

The format of the Cricket World Cup has changed greatly over the course of its history. Each of the first four tournaments was played by eight teams, divided into two groups of four. [47] The competition consisted of two stages, a group stage and a knock-out stage. The four teams in each group played each other in the round-robin group stage, with the top two teams in each group progressing to the semi-finals. The winners of the semi-finals played against each other in the final. With South Africa returning in the fifth tournament in 1992 as a result of the end of the apartheid boycott, nine teams played each other once in the group phase, and the top four teams progressed to the semi-finals. [48] The tournament was further expanded in 1996, with two groups of six teams. [49] The top four teams from each group progressed to quarter-finals and semi-finals.

A distinct format was used for the 1999 and 2003 World Cups. The teams were split into two pools, with the top three teams in each pool advancing to the Super 6. [50] The Super 6 teams played the three other teams that advanced from the other group. As they advanced, the teams carried their points forward from previous matches against other teams advancing alongside them, giving them an incentive to perform well in the group stages. [50] The top four teams from the Super 6 stage progressed to the semi-finals, with the winners playing in the final.

The format used in the 2007 World Cup involved 16 teams allocated into four groups of four. [51] Within each group, the teams played each other in a round-robin format. Teams earned points for wins and half-points for ties. The top two teams from each group moved forward to the Super 8 round. The Super 8 teams played the other six teams that progressed from the different groups. Teams earned points in the same way as the group stage, but carried their points forward from previous matches against the other teams who qualified from the same group to the Super 8 stage. [52] The top four teams from the Super 8 round advanced to the semi-finals, and the winners of the semi-finals played in the final.

The format used in the 2011 and 2015 [53] World Cups featured two groups of seven teams, each playing in a round-robin format. The top four teams from each group proceeded to the knock out stage consisting of quarter-finals, semi-finals and ultimately the final. [54]

In the 2019 World Cup, the number of teams participating dropped to 10. Every team were scheduled to play against each other once in a round robin format, before entering the semifinals, a similar format to the 1992 World Cup.

Trophy

The ICC Cricket World Cup Trophy is presented to the winners of the World Cup. The current trophy was created for the 1999 championships, and was the first permanent prize in the tournament's history. Prior to this, different trophies were made for each World Cup. [55] The trophy was designed and produced in London by a team of craftsmen from Garrard & Co over a period of two months.

The current trophy is made from silver and gilt, and features a golden globe held up by three silver columns. The columns, shaped as stumps and bails, represent the three fundamental aspects of cricket: batting, bowling and fielding, while the globe characterises a cricket ball. [56] The seam is tilted to symbolize the axial tilt of the Earth. It stands 60 centimetres high and weighs approximately 11 kilograms. The names of the previous winners are engraved on the base of the trophy, with space for a total of twenty inscriptions. The ICC keeps the original trophy. A replica differing only in the inscriptions is permanently awarded to the winning team. [57]

Media coverage

Mello, the mascot of the 2007 World Cup Mello2.jpg
Mello, the mascot of the 2007 World Cup

The tournament is one of the world's most-viewed sporting events. [58] The 2011 Cricket World Cup final was televised in over 200 countries to over 2.2 billion television viewers. [59] [60] [61] Television rights, mainly for the 2011 and 2015 World Cup, were sold for over US$1.1 billion, [62] and sponsorship rights were sold for a further US$500 million. [63] The 2003 Cricket World Cup matches were attended by 626,845 people, [64] while the 2007 Cricket World Cup sold more than 672,000 tickets. The 2015 World Cup Sold over 1.1 million tickets which was a Record . [65] [66]

Successive World Cup tournaments have generated increasing media attention as One-Day International cricket has become more established. The 2003 World Cup in South Africa was the first to sport a mascot, Dazzler the zebra. [67] An orange mongoose known as Mello was the mascot for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. [68] Stumpy, a blue elephant was the mascot for the 2011 World Cup. [69]

On 13 February, the opening of the 2015 tournament was celebrated with a Google Doodle. [70]

Due to England making the 2019 final, the match was domestically picked up for terrestrial broadcast by Channel 4 (with a move to More4 later in the match) in a rights share with local telecaster Sky Sports. [71]

Selection of hosts

Civic Centre, South Africa honours the 2003 World Cup. Civic Centre-2003 CWC.jpg
Civic Centre, South Africa honours the 2003 World Cup.

The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining the bids made by the nations keen to hold a Cricket World Cup. [72]

England hosted the first three competitions. The ICC decided that England should host the first tournament because it was ready to devote the resources required to organising the inaugural event. [10] India volunteered to host the third Cricket World Cup, but most ICC members preferred England as the longer period of daylight in England in June meant that a match could be completed in one day. [73] The 1987 Cricket World Cup was held in India and Pakistan, the first hosted outside England. [74]

Many of the tournaments have been jointly hosted by nations from the same geographical region, such as South Asia in 1987, 1996 and 2011, Australasia (in Australia and New Zealand) in 1992 and 2015, Southern Africa in 2003 and West Indies in 2007.

Tournament history

YearOfficial Host(s)Final venueFinal
WinnersResultRunners-up
1975 Flag of England.svg  England London WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
291/8 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 17 runs
Scorecard
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
274 all out (58.4 overs)
1979 Flag of England.svg  England London WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
286/9 (60 overs)
West Indies won by 92 runs
Scorecard
Flag of England.svg  England
194 all out (51 overs)
1983 Flag of England.svg  England [lower-alpha 1] London Flag of India.svg  India
183 all out (54.4 overs)
India won by 43 runs
Scorecard
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
140 all out (52 overs)
1987 Flag of India.svg  India
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Kolkata Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
253/5 (50 overs)
Australia won by 7 runs
Scorecard
Flag of England.svg  England
246/8 (50 overs)
1992 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Melbourne Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
249/6 (50 overs)
Pakistan won by 22 runs
Scorecard
Flag of England.svg  England
227 all out (49.2 overs)
1996 Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Flag of India.svg  India
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
Lahore Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
245/3 (46.2 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 7 wickets
Scorecard
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
241/7 (50 overs)
1999 Flag of England.svg  England
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales [lower-alpha 2]
London Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
133/2 (20.1 overs)
Australia won by 8 wickets
Scorecard
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
132 all out (39 overs)
2003 Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa [lower-alpha 3] Johannesburg Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
359/2 (50 overs)
Australia won by 125 runs
Scorecard
Flag of India.svg  India
234 all out (39.2 overs)
2007 WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg West Indies [lower-alpha 4] Bridgetown Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
281/4 (38 overs)
Australia won by 53 runs (D/L)
Scorecard
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
215/8 (36 overs)
2011 Flag of India.svg  India
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh
Mumbai Flag of India.svg  India
277/4 (48.2 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
Scorecard
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)
2015 Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Melbourne Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
186/3 (33.1 overs)
Australia won by 7 wickets
Scorecard
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
183 all out (45 overs)
2019 Flag of England.svg  England
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales
London Flag of England.svg  England
241 all out (50 overs)
15/0 (super over)
23 fours, 3 sixes
England won on boundary count
Scorecard
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
241/8 (50 overs)
15/1 (super over)
14 fours, 3 sixes
2023 Flag of India.svg  India Mumbai
Notes
  1. England was the sole designated host, but matches were also played in Wales.
  2. The England and Wales Cricket Board was the sole designated host, but matches were also played in Ireland, the Netherlands, and Scotland.
  3. Cricket South Africa was the sole designated host, but matches were also played in Zimbabwe and Kenya.
  4. Eight member countries of the West Indies Cricket Board hosted matches – Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Trinidad and Tobago.

Results

Twenty nations have qualified for the Cricket World Cup at least once. Seven teams have competed in every tournament, six of which have won the title. [9] The West Indies won the first two tournaments, Australia has won five, India has won two, while Pakistan, Sri Lanka and England have each won once. The West Indies (1975 and 1979) and Australia (1987, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015) are the only teams to have won consecutive titles. [9] Australia has played in seven of the twelve finals (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015). New Zealand has yet to win the World Cup, but has been runners-up two times (2015 and 2019). The best result by a non-Test playing nation is the semi-final appearance by Kenya in the 2003 tournament; while the best result by a non-Test playing team on their debut is the Super 8 (second round) by Ireland in 2007. [9]

Sri Lanka as a co-host of the 1996Cricket World Cup was the first host to win the tournament though the final was held in Pakistan. [9] India won in 2011 as host and was the first team to win in a final played in their own country. [75] Australia and England repeated the feat in 2015 and 2019 respectively. [40] Other than this, England made it to the final as a host in 1979. Other countries which have achieved or equalled their best World Cup results while co-hosting the tournament are New Zealand as finalists in 2015; Zimbabwe who reached the Super Six in 2003; and Kenya as semi-finalists in 2003. [9] In 1987, co-hosts India and Pakistan both reached the semi-finals, but were eliminated by England and Australia respectively. [9] Australia in 1992, England in 1999, South Africa in 2003, and Bangladesh in 2011 have been the host teams that were eliminated in the first round.

Teams' performances

An overview of the teams' performances in every World Cup:

Host

Team
1975
(8)
1979
(8)
1983
(8)
1987
(8)
1992
(9)
1996
(12)
1999
(12)
2003
(14)
2007
(16)
2011
(14)
2015
(14)
2019
(10)
2023
(10)
Flag of England.svg Flag of England.svg Flag of England.svg Flag of India.svg
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Flag of New Zealand.svg
Flag of India.svg
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Flag of England.svg Flag of South Africa.svg WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg Flag of India.svg
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Flag of New Zealand.svg
Flag of England.svg
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg
Flag of India.svg
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan GPGP
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia RUGPGPWGPRUWWWQFWSF
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh GPGPS8GPQFGP
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda GP
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada GPGPGPGP
East Africa Cricket Team Flag.png East Africa GP
Flag of England.svg  England SFRUSFRURUQFGPGPS8QFGPW
Flag of India.svg  India GPGPWSFGPSFS6RUGPWSFSFQ
Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland S8GPGP
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya GPGPSFGPGP
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia GP
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands GPGPGPGP
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand SFSFGPGPSFQFSFS6SFSFRURU
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan GPSFSFSFWQFRUGPGPSFQFGP
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland GPGPGP
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa SFQFSFGPSFQFSFGP
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka GPGPGPGPGPWGPSFRURUQFGP
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates GPGP
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies WWRUGPGPSFGPGPS8QFQFGP
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe GPGPGPGPS6S6GPGPGP

No longer exists.

Before the 1992 World Cup, South Africa was banned due to apartheid.

The number of wins followed by Run-rate is the criteria for determining the rankings till the 1987 World Cup.

The number of points followed by, head to head performance and then net run-rate is the criteria for determining the rankings for the World Cups from 1992 onwards.

Legend

Debutant teams

YearTeams
1975Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia, East Africa Cricket Team Flag.png East Africa , Flag of England.svg  England, Flag of India.svg  India, Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand, Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan, Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka, WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
1979Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
1983Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe
1987none
1992Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa
1996Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya, Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands, Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates
1999Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh, Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland
2003Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
2007Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda, Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland
2011none
2015Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
2019none
2023TBD

Disbanded in 1989.

Overview

The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams over past World Cups, as of the end of the 2019 tournament. Teams are sorted by best performance, then by appearances, total number of wins, total number of games, and alphabetical order respectively.

AppearancesStatistics
TeamTotalFirstLatestBest performanceMat.WonLostTieNRWin%*
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 12 1975 2019 Champions(1987, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015)9469231174.73
Flag of India.svg  India 12 1975 2019 Champions(1983, 2011)8453291164.45
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 12 1975 2019 Champions(1975, 1979)8043350255.12
Flag of England.svg  England 12 1975 2019 Champions(2019)8348322159.75
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 12 1975 2019 Champions(1992)7945320258.44
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 12 1975 2019 Champions(1996)8038391249.35
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 12 1975 2019 Runners-up(2015, 2019)8954331161.93
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 8 1992 2019 Semi-finals(1992, 1999, 2007, 2015)6438232161.90
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 5 1996 2011 Semi-finals(2003)296220121.42
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 9 1983 2015 Super 6s(1999, 2003)5711421321.29
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 6 1999 2019 Quarter-finals(2015), Super 8s (2007)4014250135.89
Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland 3 2007 2015 Super 8s(2007)217131035.71
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 4 1996 2011 Group Stage(1996, 2003, 2007, 2011)202180010.00
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 4 1979 2011 Group Stage(1979, 2003, 2007, 2011)182160011.11
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 3 1999 2015 Group Stage(1999, 2007, 2015)14014000.00
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 2 2015 2019 Group Stage(2015, 2019)15114006.66
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 2 1996 2015 Group Stage(1996, 2015)11110009.09
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 1 2003 2003 Group Stage(2003)606000.00
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 1 2007 2007 Group Stage(2007)303000.00
East Africa Cricket Team Flag.png East Africa 1 1975 1975 Group Stage(1975)303000.00
Last Updated: 14 July 2019
Source: ESPNcricinfo

No longer exists.

Note:

Awards

Man of the tournament

Since 1992, one player has been declared as "Man of the Tournament" at the end of the World Cup finals: [76]

YearPlayerPerformance details
1992 Flag of New Zealand.svg Martin Crowe 456 runs
1996 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sanath Jayasuriya 221 runs and 7 wickets
1999 Flag of South Africa.svg Lance Klusener 281 runs and 17 wickets
2003 Flag of India.svg Sachin Tendulkar 673 runs and 2 wickets
2007 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Glenn McGrath 26 wickets
2011 Flag of India.svg Yuvraj Singh 362 runs and 15 wickets
2015 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mitchell Starc 22 wickets
2019 Flag of New Zealand.svg Kane Williamson 578 runs

Man of the Match in the Final

There were no Man of the Tournament awards before 1992 but Man of the Match awards have always been given for individual matches. Winning the Man of the Match in the final is logically noteworthy, as this indicates the player deemed to have played the biggest part in the World Cup final. To date the award has always gone to a member of the winning side. The Man of the Match award in the final of the competition has been awarded to: [76]

YearPlayerPerformance details
1975 WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg Clive Lloyd 102
1979 WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg Viv Richards 138*
1983 Flag of India.svg Mohinder Amarnath 3/12 and 26
1987 Flag of Australia (converted).svg David Boon 75
1992 Flag of Pakistan.svg Wasim Akram 33 and 3/49
1996 Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Aravinda de Silva 107* and 3/42
1999 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Shane Warne 4/33
2003 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ricky Ponting 140*
2007 Flag of Australia (converted).svg Adam Gilchrist 149
2011 Flag of India.svg Mahendra Singh Dhoni 91*
2015 Flag of Australia (converted).svg James Faulkner 3/36
2019 Flag of England.svg Ben Stokes 84* and 0/20

Tournament records

Sachin Tendulkar, the leading run-scorer in World Cup history. Sachin Tendulkar at MRF Promotion Event.jpg
Sachin Tendulkar, the leading run-scorer in World Cup history.
World Cup records [77]
Batting
Most runs Flag of India.svg Sachin Tendulkar 2,278 (19922011)
Highest average (min. 10 inns.) [78] Flag of South Africa.svg Lance Klusener 124.00 (19992003)
Highest score Flag of New Zealand.svg Martin Guptill v WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 237* (2015)
Highest partnership WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg Chris Gayle & Marlon Samuels
(2nd wicket) v Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe
372 (2015)
Most runs in a single world cup Flag of India.svg Sachin Tendulkar 673 (2003)
Most hundreds Flag of India.svg Rohit Sharma
Flag of India.svg Sachin Tendulkar
6 (20152019)
6 (19922011)
Most hundreds in a single world cup Flag of India.svg Rohit Sharma 5 (2019)
Bowling
Most wickets Flag of Australia (converted).svg Glenn McGrath 71 (19962007)
Lowest average (min. 1000 balls bowled) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Glenn McGrath 18.19 (19962007)
Best strike rate (min. 1000 balls bowled) Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Lasith Malinga 24.8 (20072019)
Best economy rate (min. 1000 balls bowled) WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg Andy Roberts 3.24 (19751983)
Best bowling figures Flag of Australia (converted).svg Glenn McGrath v Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 7/15 (2003)
Most wickets in a tournament Flag of Australia (converted).svg Mitchell Starc 27 (2019)
Fastest bowler Flag of Pakistan.svg Shoaib Akhtar 161.3 km/h (2003) [79]
Fielding
Most dismissals (wicket-keeper) Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Kumar Sangakkara 54 (20032015)
Most catches (fielder) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Ricky Ponting 28 (19962011)
Team
Highest scoreFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia v Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 417/6 (2015)
Lowest scoreFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada v Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka 36 (2003)
Highest win % Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia74.73% (Played 94, Won 69) [80]
Most consecutive wins Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia27 (20 Jun 1999 – 19 Mar 2011, one N/R excluded) [81]
Most consecutive tournament wins Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia3 (19992007)

See also

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