1983 Cricket World Cup

Last updated

Prudential Cup '83
Prudential Cup 83 logo.svg
Dates9 June – 25 June
Administrator(s) International Cricket Council
Cricket format One Day International
Tournament format(s) Double round robin and Knockout
Host(s) Flag of England.svg England
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg Wales
ChampionsFlag of India.svg  India (1st title)
Runners-upWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
Participants8
Matches played27
Attendance231,081 (8,559 per match)
Most runs Flag of England.svg David Gower (384)
Most wickets Flag of India.svg Roger Binny (18)
1979
1987

The 1983 Cricket World Cup (officially the Prudential Cup '83) was the 3rd edition of the Cricket World Cup tournament. It was held from 9 to 25 June 1983 in England and Wales and was won by India. Eight countries participated in the event. The 1983 World Cup was full of dramatic cricket all through the tournament. Teams like India and Zimbabwe who were not playing well during those times scored victories over the West Indies and Australia respectively. England, Pakistan, India and tournament favourites West Indies qualified for the semi-finals. The preliminary matches were played in two groups of four teams each, and each country played the others in its group twice. The top two teams in each group qualified for the semi-finals.

Contents

The matches consisted of 60 overs per innings and were played in traditional white clothing and with red balls. They were all played during the day.

Format

The format of the 1983 World Cup was 2 groups of four teams, each team playing each other twice. The top two teams from each group then advanced to the semi finals with the winners further advancing to the finals. Every game was of 60 overs with all day matches.

Participants

Highlighted are the countries to participate in the 1983 Cricket World Cup.
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Qualified as full member of ICC
Qualified via 1982 ICC Trophy
Failed to qualify 1983 Cricket World Cup participating nations.svg
Highlighted are the countries to participate in the 1983 Cricket World Cup.
  Qualified as full member of ICC
  Qualified via 1982 ICC Trophy
  Failed to qualify

Eight teams qualified for the final tournament (seven full ICC members, including recently appointed full member Sri Lanka, and Zimbabwe, who qualified by winning the 1982 ICC Trophy).

TeamMethod of qualificationFinals appearancesLast appearancePrevious best performance
Flag of England.svg  England Hosts3rd 1979 Runners-up (1979)
Flag of India.svg  India Full member3rd 1979 Group stage (1975, 1979)
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 3rd 1979 Runners-up (1975)
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 3rd 1979 Semi-final (1979)
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 3rd 1979 Champions(1975, 1979)
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 3rd 1979 Semi-finals (1975, 1979)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 3rd 1979 Group stage (1975, 1979)
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 1982 ICC Trophy 1stDebut

Venues

VenueCityCapacityMatches
Lord's Cricket Ground London 30,0003
Trent Bridge Nottingham 15,3503
Headingley Leeds 14,0003
The Oval London 23,5003
Edgbaston Cricket Ground Birmingham 21,0003
County Cricket Ground Derby 9,5001
County Cricket Ground Bristol 16,0001
County Ground Taunton 6,5001
County Cricket Ground Chelmsford 6,5001
St. Helen's Rugby and Cricket Ground Swansea, Wales 4,5001
Grace Road Leicester 12,0001
Old Trafford Cricket Ground Manchester 19,0003
County Cricket Ground Southampton 7,0001
New Road Worcester 4,5001
Nevill Ground Royal Tunbridge Wells 6,0001

Squads

Group stage

Unlike in previous Cricket World Cups, the group stages were played in a double round robin format. Group A comprised the hosts England, Pakistan, New Zealand and Sri Lanka; while Group B contained reigning champions West Indies, India, Australia, and the sole qualifier Zimbabwe. Unlike in later World Cups, with formats designed such that all games could be screened live on television, matches took place simultaneously at multiple venues, with matches played every other day and a reserve day in case of rain, although only three of the matches required a second day. [1]

In Group A, England started strongly with a 106 run victory over New Zealand at The Oval, scoring an imposing 322/6 in their innings, driven by a partnership of 115 in 16 overs between Allan Lamb and Mike Gatting. Pakistan also started with a win, by 50 runs over Sri Lanka, despite being hampered throughout the tournament by Imran Khan being unfit to bowl, after scoring 338/5 in 60 overs. [2] England's second group match brought a second win, as David Gower's 130, including five sixes and 12 fours, powered a 47 run win over Sri Lanka. Meanwhile, New Zealand beat Pakistan by 52 runs despite Abdul Qadir's 4/21 in 12 overs. England then beat Pakistan by 8 wickets with nearly ten overs to spare at Lords, while Richard Hadlee's 5/25 saw Sri Lanka bowled out for 206, New Zealand getting home with over 20 overs to spare. England's only defeat of the group stages came in the fourth round of matches, against New Zealand, off the penultimate ball of the New Zealand innings. Pakistan triumphed over Sri Lanka, once again led by Abdul Qadir (5/44).

The fifth round of matches on 18 June saw England seal their place in the semi-final, with a first wicket partnership of 115 between Graeme Fowler and Chris Tavaré alone scoring nearly half of Pakistan's 232. Meanwhile, New Zealand failed to secure passage to the knockout stage, losing to Sri Lanka in a low scoring affair. In the final round of matches, England beat Sri Lanka by 9 wickets in a match with no implications for the final table. The match between New Zealand and Pakistan would decide the second qualifier. Any win by New Zealand would be sufficient to see them qualify; Pakistan had not only to win, but do so by a sufficient margin to overhaul New Zealand's average run rate. [3] An 11 run victory for Pakistan proved sufficient, as Zaheer Abbas made an unbeaten 103 before New Zealand were bowled out.

Group B started with the first shock of the tournament, as Zimbabwe beat Australia in what Wisden described as "a bigger surprise than any in the previous two world cups". [4] Duncan Fletcher led the way, making 69* and being awarded man of the match. In the other opening Group B match, India beat the holders West Indies by 34 runs, bowling them out for 228 with 35 balls to spare. Wet weather in the second round of games played on 11 June led to low scores. West Indies scored 252/9 in their innings, which stretched over two days, against Australia; in response, Australia were bowled out for 151 in just 30.3 overs, an effort not helped by Graeme Wood being taken to hospital with severe concussion after being hit by Michael Holding. [5] India comfortably beat Zimbabwe by 5 wickets in the contemporaneous fixture. Two days later, Australia thrashed India by 162 runs, with man of the match Trevor Chappell scoring 110 off 131 balls and Ken MacLeay taking 6/39. The other match that day was also a one-sided affair, as West Indies restricted Zimbabwe to just 217/7 in their 60 overs, despite Duncan Fletcher scoring another unbeaten half century, and then romped home with a partnership of 195 for the third wicket between Gordon Greenidge and Larry Gomes.

In the first of the return fixtures, West Indies overcame India by 66 runs, with Viv Richards making 119; for the second time in the tournament, an opposing batsman retired hurt, as Dilip Vengsarkar was the unlucky batsman on this occasion, hit in the mouth by Malcolm Marshall. [6] Australia beat Zimbabwe by 32 runs to level their account in the tournament. The India v Zimbabwe match on June 18 was described by Wisden as "a remarkable match [which] contained one of the most spectacular innings played in this form of cricket", as Kapil Dev scored 175 not out from India's score of 266/8, which Zimbabwe narrowly failed to chase down, India winning by 31 runs. [7] West Indies qualified for the semi-finals with a match to spare, beating Australia by 7 wickets substantially due to a partnership of 124 for the second wicket between Greenidge and Richards. That left West Indies versus Zimbabwe as a dead rubber, and West Indies duly won by ten wickets with nearly fifteen overs to spare. The final group B match was a straightforward tussle for qualification between Australia and India. However, after India had made 247 all out, in a team effort where the highest score was 40 and there were 37 extras, Australia collapsed to 129 all out, with Madan Lal and Roger Binny taking four wickets each.


Group A

PosTeamPldWLTNRPts RR
1Flag of England.svg  England 65100204.671
2Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 63300124.014
3Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 63300123.927
4Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 6150043.752
Source: ESPNcricinfo
9 June 1983
Scorecard
England  Flag of England.svg
322/6 (60 overs)
v
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
216 (59 overs)
9 June 1983
Scorecard
Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
338/5 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
288/9 (60 overs)
11 June 1983
Scorecard
England  Flag of England.svg
333/9 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
286 (58 overs)
11 June 1983
Scorecard
New Zealand  Flag of New Zealand.svg
238/9 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
186 (55.2 overs)
13 June 1983
Scorecard
Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
193/8 (60 overs)
v
Flag of England.svg  England
199/2 (50.4 overs)
13 June 1983
Scorecard
Sri Lanka  Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
206 (56.1 overs)
v
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
209/5 (39.2 overs)
15 June 1983
Scorecard
England  Flag of England.svg
234 (55.2 overs)
v
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
238/8 (59.5 overs)
16 June 1983
Scorecard
Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
235/7 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
224 (58.3 overs)
18 June 1983
Scorecard
Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
232/8 (60 overs)
v
Flag of England.svg  England
233/3 (57.2 overs)
18 June 1983
Scorecard
New Zealand  Flag of New Zealand.svg
181 (58.2 overs)
v
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
184/7 (52.5 overs)
20 June 1983
Scorecard
Sri Lanka  Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
136 (50.4 overs)
v
Flag of England.svg  England
137/1 (24.1 overs)
20 June 1983
Scorecard
Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
261/3 (60 overs)
v
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
250 (59.1 overs)

Group B

PosTeamPldWLTNRPts RR
1WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 65100204.308
2Flag of India.svg  India 64200163.870
3Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 6240083.808
4Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 6150043.492
Source: ESPNcricinfo
9 June 1983
Scorecard
Zimbabwe  Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
239/6 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
226/7 (60 overs)
9 June 1983
Scorecard
India  Flag of India.svg
262/8 (60 overs)
v
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
228 (54.1 overs)
11 June 1983
Scorecard
West Indies  WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg
252/9 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
151 (30.3 overs)
11 June 1983
Scorecard
Zimbabwe  Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
155 (51.4 overs)
v
Flag of India.svg  India
157/5 (37.3 overs)
13 June 1983
Scorecard
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg
320/9 (60 overs)
v
Flag of India.svg  India
158 (37.5 overs)
13 June 1983
Scorecard
Zimbabwe  Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
217/7 (60 overs)
v
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
218/2 (48.3 overs)
15 June 1983
Scorecard
West Indies  WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg
282/9 (60 overs)
v
Flag of India.svg  India
216 (53.1 overs)
16 June 1983
Scorecard
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg
272/7 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe
240 (59.5 overs)
18 June 1983
Scorecard
Australia  Flag of Australia (converted).svg
273/6 (60 overs)
v
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
276/3 (57.5 overs)
18 June 1983
Scorecard
India  Flag of India.svg
266/8 (60 overs)
v
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe
235 (57 overs)
20 June 1983
Scorecard
India  Flag of India.svg
247 (55.5 overs)
v
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
129 (38.2 overs)
20 June 1983
Scorecard
Zimbabwe  Flag of Zimbabwe.svg
171 (60 overs)
v
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
172/0 (45.1 overs)

Knockout stage

 
Semi-finalsFinal
 
      
 
22 June – Old Trafford, Manchester
 
 
Flag of England.svg  England 213
 
25 June – Lord's, London
 
Flag of India.svg  India 217/4
 
Flag of India.svg  India 183
 
22 June – The Oval, London
 
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 140
 
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 184/8
 
 
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 188/2
 

Semi-finals

22 June 1983
scorecard
England  Flag of England.svg
213 (60 overs)
v
Flag of India.svg  India
217/4 (54.4 overs)

In the first semi-final, at Old Trafford on 22 June, England won the toss and elected to bat. The English batsmen mistimed many balls and used the bat's edge frequently, as the restrictive Indian bowling led England to score 213 (all out, 60 overs). Graeme Fowler (33 from 59 balls, 3 fours) top scored, and Kapil Dev took 3 for 35 in eleven overs, with Mohinder Amarnath and Roger Binny taking two wickets each. In reply, Yashpal Sharma (61 from 115 balls, 3 fours, 2 sixes) and Sandeep Patil (51 from 32 balls, 8 fours) made half-centuries, as India reached their target in 54.4 overs, winning by 6 wickets in a classic victory over the previous tournament's runners-up. Mohinder Amarnath (46 from 92 balls, 4 fours, 1 six) picked up the man-of-the-match award for his all round performance, which saw him add 46 runs to his earlier bowling success (2/27 in 12 overs). [8]

22 June 1983
scorecard
Pakistan  Flag of Pakistan.svg
184/8 (60 overs)
v
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
188/2 (48.4 overs)

The second semi-final, between Pakistan and the West Indies, was staged at The Oval on the same day. West Indies won the toss and invited Pakistan to bat, whom they restricted to just 184 (8 wickets, 60 overs). Mohsin Khan (70 from 176 balls, 1 four) fought his way past 50 against the superb West Indies Bowling (he was the only Pakistani batsman to reach 50). Malcolm Marshall (3/28) and Andy Roberts (2/25) starred with the ball. The West Indies innings was based around a superb innings by Viv Richards (80 from 96 balls, 11 fours, 1 six), who took the man-of-the-match award, and an unbeaten half-century by Larry Gomes (50 from 100 balls, 3 fours), as the defending champions reached their target for the loss of just two wickets. [9]

Final

25 June 1983
scorecard
India  Flag of India.svg
183 (54.4 overs)
v
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies
140 (52 overs)
India won by 43 runs
Lord's, London

In the final, India lost the toss and were asked to bat first against the West Indies. Only Krishnamachari Srikkanth (38 from 57 balls) and Mohinder Amarnath (26 from 80 balls) put up any significant resistance as Roberts, Marshall, Joel Garner and Michael Holding ripped through the Indian batsmen, ably supported by Gomes. Surprising resistance by the tail allowed India to compile 183 (all out, 54.4 overs). The Indian bowling exploited the weather and pitch conditions perfectly to bowl out the West Indies for 140 from 52 overs, winning by 43 runs and completing one of the most stunning upsets in cricket history. It still remains the lowest ever total successfully defended in a World Cup final. Amarnath and Madan Lal each took three wickets. Viv Richards, was West Indies' top scorer with 33 from 28 balls. Amarnath was the most economical bowler, conceding just 12 runs from his seven overs, while taking 3 wickets, and was once again awarded the Man of the Match award for his all-round performance. [10] There was no 'Man of the Series' awarded in 1983.

Statistics

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References

  1. Wisden 1984, page 293.
  2. Wisden 1984, page 293.
  3. Wisden 1984, page 310.
  4. Wisden 1984, page 296
  5. Wisden 1984, page 299
  6. Wisden 1984, page 304
  7. Wisden 1984, page 308
  8. 1st SEMI: England v India at Manchester, 22 Jun 1983
  9. 2nd SEMI: Pakistan v West Indies at The Oval, 22 Jun 1983
  10. "Full Scorecard of India vs West Indies, World Cup, Final - Score Report | ESPNcricinfo.com". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  11. "PRUDENTIAL WORLD CUP, 1983 / RECORDS / MOST RUNS". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  12. "PRUDENTIAL WORLD CUP, 1983 / RECORDS / MOST WICKETS". ESPNcricinfo. ESPN Sports Media. Retrieved 16 August 2020.