Australia national cricket team

Last updated

Australia
Australia cricket logo.svg
Australian Cricket Coat of Arms
Association Cricket Australia
Personnel
Test captain Tim Paine
One Day captain Aaron Finch
T20I captainAaron Finch
Coach Justin Langer
History
Test status acquired1877
International Cricket Council
ICC statusFull member (1909)
ICC region East Asia-Pacific
ICC RankingsCurrent [1] Best-ever
Test 5th 1st
ODI 5th 1st
T20I 4th 2nd [2]
Tests
First Testv Flag of England.svg  England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne; 15–19 March 1877
Last Testv Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka at the Manuka Oval, Canberra; 1–4 February 2019
TestsPlayedWon/Lost
Total [3] 820 386/222
(210 draws, 2 ties)
This year [4] 3 2/0 (1 draw)
One Day Internationals
First ODIv Flag of England.svg  England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne; 5 January 1971
Last ODIv Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia at Trent Bridge, Nottingham; 20 June 2019
ODIsPlayedWon/Lost
Total [5] 938 571/324
(9 ties, 34 no result)
This year [6] 19 14/5
(0 ties, 0 no result)
World Cup appearances11 (first in 1975 )
Best resultChampions (1987, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015)
Twenty20 Internationals
First T20Iv Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand at Eden Park, Auckland; 17 February 2005
Last T20Iv Flag of India.svg  India at M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Bengaluru; 27 February 2019
T20IsPlayedWon/Lost
Total [7] 116 60/52
(2 ties, 2 no result)
This year [8] 2 2/0
(0 ties, 0 no result)
T20 World Cup appearances6 (first in 2007 )
Best resultRunners-up (2010)
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Test kit

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ODI kit

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T20I kit

As of 20 June 2019

The Australian men's national cricket team represents Australia in international cricket. As the joint oldest team in Test cricket history, playing in the first ever Test match in 1877, [9] the team also plays One-Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) cricket, participating in both the first ODI, against England in the 1970–71 season [10] and the first T20I, against New Zealand in the 2004–05 season, [11] winning both games. The team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the Sheffield Shield, the Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament and the Big Bash League.

Cricket in Australia

Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Australia at international, domestic and local levels. The peak administrative body for both professional and amateur cricket is Cricket Australia. A record 1,311,184 people played cricket across Australia in 2015–16, an 8.5 per cent increase on 2014–15 – placing cricket at No.1 as the current top participation sport in Australia. Women participation also reached record figures in 2015–16, growing nine percent to 314,936 players. According to Cricket Australia's annual report of 2014–15, 1,208,360 Australians played formal, organised cricket during the year, an increase of nine percent over the previous year. Separately, official audience data shows that 93.6% of Australians watched at least some cricket on TV in 2010–11 calendar year.

International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The main forms are Test matches, One-Day matches and Twenty20 matches.

Test cricket the longest form of the sport of cricket; so called due to its long, grueling nature

Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted "Test status", as determined and conferred by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The term Test stems from the fact that the long, gruelling matches are mentally and physically testing. Two teams of 11 players each play a four-innings match, which may last up to five days. It is generally considered the most complete examination of a team's endurance and ability.

Contents

The national team has played 820 Test matches, winning 386, losing 222, drawing 210 and tying 2. [12] As of May 2019, Australia is ranked fifth in the ICC Test Championship on 98 rating points. [13] Australia is the most successful team in Test cricket history, in terms of overall wins, win-loss ratio and wins percentage.

A tied Test is a Test cricket match in which the side batting second is bowled out in the second innings, with scores level. This is a very rare result; only two ties have occurred in the 2,000 Tests played since 1877. The first was in 1960 and the second in 1986. On both occasions, the aggregate scores of both sides (teams) were equal at the conclusion of play and the side batting last had completed its final innings: 10 batsmen had been dismissed or, from the perspective of the side bowling, 10 wickets had been taken. In other words after four completed innings, with each innings ending either by a declaration or 10 wickets having fallen, the runs for both teams were exactly the same.

The ICC Test Championship is an international competition run by the International Cricket Council for the 12 teams that play Test cricket. The competition is notional in the sense that it is simply a ranking scheme overlaid on all international matches that are otherwise played as part of regular Test cricket scheduling with no consideration of home or away status.

The Australian cricket team has played 938 ODI matches, winning 571, losing 324, tying 9 and with 34 ending in a no-result. [14] As of May 2019, Australia is ranked fifth in the ICC ODI Championship on 109 rating points, [15] though have been ranked first for 141 of 185 months since its introduction in 2002. Australia is the most successful ODI team in history, winning more than 60 per cent of their matches. Australia have made a record seven World Cup final appearances (1975, 1987, 1996, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015) and have won the World Cup a record five times in total; 1987, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015. Australia is the first team to appear in four consecutive World Cup finals (1996, 1999, 2003 and 2007), surpassing the old record of three consecutive World Cup appearances by the West Indies (1975, 1979 and 1983) and the first team to win 3 consecutive World Cups (1999, 2003 and 2007). The team was undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches until 19 March at the 2011 Cricket World Cup where Pakistan beat them by 4 wickets. [16] It is also the second team to win a World Cup (2015) on home soil, after India (2011). Australia have also won the ICC Champions Trophy twice (2006 and 2009) making them the first and the only team to become back to back winners in the Champions Trophy tournaments.

The ICC ODI Championship is an international One Day International (ODI) cricket competition run by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The competition is notional in that it is simply a ranking scheme overlaid on the regular ODI match schedule. After every ODI match, the two teams involved receive points based on a mathematical formula. Each team's points total is divided by their total number of matches played to give a rating, and all the teams are ranked in a table in order of rating.

Cricket World Cup International cricket tournament

The ICC Cricket World Cup is the international championship of One Day International (ODI) cricket. The event is organised by the sport's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), every four years, with preliminary qualification rounds leading up to a finals tournament. The tournament is one of the world's most viewed sporting events and is considered the "flagship event of the international cricket calendar" by the ICC.

The 1975 Cricket World Cup was the first edition of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Conference (ICC) and was the first major limited overs One Day International (ODI) cricket tournament to be held. It was held from 7 to 21 June 1975 in England.

The national team has played 116 Twenty20 International matches, winning 60, losing 52, tying 2 and with 2 ending in a no-result. [17] As of May 2019, Australia is ranked fourth in the ICC T20I Championship on 261 rating points. [18] Additionally, the team made the final of the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, in which they lost to England.

The ICC T20 Championship is an international Twenty20 cricket competition run by the International Cricket Council. The competition is notional in that it is simply a ranking scheme overlaid on the regular T20I match schedule. After every T20I match, the two teams involved receive points based on a mathematical formula. The total of each team's points total is divided by the total number of matches to give a rating, and all teams are ranked on a table in order of rating.

2010 ICC World Twenty20 ICC World Twenty20

The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was the third ICC World Twenty20 competition, an international Twenty20 cricket tournament that was held in the West Indies between 30 April and 16 May 2010. It was won by England, who defeated Australia in the final. Kevin Pietersen was named as player of the tournament.

On 12 January 2019, Australia won the first ODI against India at the Sydney Cricket Ground by 34 runs, to record their 1,000th win in international cricket. [19]

The India cricket team toured Australia from November 2018 to January 2019 to play four Tests, three One Day Internationals (ODIs) and three Twenty20 International (T20I) matches. Initially, the Test match at the Adelaide Oval was planned to be a day/night fixture, but the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) declined the offer from Cricket Australia to play the match under lights. In April 2018, the Western Australian Cricket Association confirmed that the Perth Stadium would host its first ever Test match. During the second Test, it became the tenth venue in Australia to host a Test match.

Sydney Cricket Ground stadium in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

The Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) is a sports stadium in Sydney, Australia. It is used for Test, One Day International and Twenty20 cricket, as well as Australian rules football, rugby league football, rugby union, and association football. It is the home ground for the New South Wales Blues cricket team, the Sydney Sixers of the Big Bash League and the Sydney Swans Australian Football League club. It is also the temporary home of the Sydney Roosters of the National Rugby League, the NSW Waratahs of Super Rugby, during the redevelopment of the Sydney Football Stadium. It is owned and operated by the Sydney Cricket Ground Trust that also manages the Sydney Football Stadium located next door. Until the 44,000 seat Football Stadium opened in 1988, the Sydney Cricket Ground was the major rugby league venue in Sydney.

History

Early history

The Australian team that toured England in 1878 Australia cricket team 1878.jpg
The Australian team that toured England in 1878

The Australian cricket team participated in the first Test match at the MCG in 1877, defeating an English team by 45 runs, with Charles Bannerman making the first Test century, a score of 165 retired hurt. Test cricket, which only occurred between Australia and England at the time, was limited by the long distance between the two countries, which would take several months by sea. Despite Australia's much smaller population, the team was very competitive in early games, producing stars such as Jack Blackham, Billy Murdoch, Fred "The Demon" Spofforth, George Bonnor, Percy McDonnell, George Giffen and Charles "The Terror" Turner. Most cricketers at the time were either from New South Wales or Victoria, with the notable exception of George Giffen, the star South Australian all-rounder.

History of Test cricket from 1877 to 1883

Test matches in the period 1877 to 1883 were organised somewhat differently from international cricket matches today. The teams were rarely representative, and the boat trip between Australia and England, which usually lasted about 48 days, was one that many cricketers were unable or unwilling to undertake. As such, the home teams enjoyed a great advantage.

Melbourne Cricket Ground gaydium in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), also known simply as "The G", is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne, Victoria. Home to the Melbourne Cricket Club, it is the 10th largest stadium in the world, the largest in Australia, the largest in the Southern Hemisphere, the largest cricket ground by capacity, and has the tallest light towers of any sporting venue. The MCG is within walking distance of the city centre and is served by Richmond and Jolimont stations, as well as the route 70 tram and the route 246 bus. It is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct.

Charles Bannerman Australian cricketer and umpire

Charles Bannerman was an Australian cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he represented Australia in three Test matches between 1877 and 1879. At the domestic level, he played for the New South Wales cricket team. Later, he became an umpire.

A highlight of Australia's early history was the 1882 Test match against England at The Oval. In this match, Fred Spofforth took 7/44 in the game's fourth innings to save the match by preventing England from making their 85-run target. After this match The Sporting Times , a major newspaper in London at the time, printed a mock obituary in which the death of English cricket was proclaimed and the announcement made that "the body was cremated and the ashes taken to Australia." This was the start of the famous Ashes series in which Australia and England play a series of Test matches to decide the holder of the Ashes. To this day, the contest is one of the fiercest rivalries in sport.

Golden Age

The so-called 'Golden Age' of Australian Test cricket occurred around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, with the team under the captaincy of Joe Darling, Monty Noble and Clem Hill winning eight of ten tours. It is considered to have lasted from the 1897–98 English tour of Australia and the 1910–11 South African tour of Australia. Outstanding batsmen such as Joe Darling, Clem Hill, Reggie Duff, Syd Gregory, Warren Bardsley and Victor Trumper, brilliant all-rounders including Monty Noble, George Giffen, Harry Trott and Warwick Armstrong and excellent bowlers including Ernie Jones, Hugh Trumble, Tibby Cotter, Bill Howell, Jack Saunders and Bill Whitty, all helped Australia to become the dominant cricketing nation for most of this period.

Victor Trumper became one of Australia's first sporting heroes, and was widely considered Australia's greatest batsman before Bradman and one of the most popular players. He played a record (at the time) number of Tests at 49 and scored 3163 (another record) runs at a high for the time average of 39.04. His early death in 1915 at the age of 37 from kidney disease caused national mourning. The Wisden Cricketers' Almanack , in its obituary for him, called him Australia's greatest batsman: "Of all the great Australian batsmen Victor Trumper was by general consent the best and most brilliant." [20]

The years leading up to the start of World War I were marred by conflict between the players, led by Clem Hill, Victor Trumper and Frank Laver, the Australian Board of Control for International Cricket, led by Peter McAlister, who was attempting to gain more control of tours from the players. This led to six leading players (the so-called "Big Six") walking out on the 1912 Triangular Tournament in England, with Australia fielding what was generally considered a second-rate side. This was the last series before the war, and no more cricket was played by Australia for eight years, with Tibby Cotter being killed in Palestine during the war.

Cricket between the wars

Test cricket resumed in the 1920/21 season in Australia with a touring English team, captained by Johnny Douglas losing all five Tests to Australia, captained by the "Big Ship" Warwick Armstrong. Several players from before the war, including Warwick Armstrong, Charlie Macartney, Charles Kelleway, Warren Bardsley and the wicket-keeper Sammy Carter, were instrumental in the team's success, as well as new players Herbie Collins, Jack Ryder, Bert Oldfield, the spinner Arthur Mailey and the so-called "twin destroyers" Jack Gregory and Ted McDonald. The team continued its success on the 1921 tour of England, winning three out of the five Tests in Warwick Armstrong's last series. The side was, on the whole, inconsistent in the latter half of the 1920s, losing its first home Ashes series since the 1911–12 season in 1928–29.

The Bradman era

The 1930 tour of England heralded a new age of success for the Australian team. The team, led by Bill Woodfull – the "Great Un-bowlable" – featured legends of the game including Bill Ponsford, Stan McCabe, Clarrie Grimmett and the young pair of Archie Jackson and Don Bradman. Bradman was the outstanding batsman of the series, scoring a record 974 runs, including one century, two double centuries and one triple century, a massive score of 334 at Leeds which including 309 runs in a day. Jackson died of tuberculosis at the age of 23 three years later, after playing eight Tests. The team was widely considered unstoppable, winning nine of its next ten Tests.

The 1932–33 England tour of Australia is considered one of the most infamous episodes of cricket, due to the England team's use of bodyline, where captain Douglas Jardine instructed his bowlers Bill Voce and Harold Larwood to bowl fast, short-pitched deliveries aimed at the bodies of the Australian batsmen. The tactic, although effective, was widely considered by Australian crowds as vicious and unsporting. Injuries to Bill Woodfull, who was struck over the heart, and Bert Oldfield, who received a fractured skull (although from a non-bodyline ball), exacerbated the situation, almost causing a full-scale riot from the 50 000 fans at the Adelaide Oval for the third Test. The conflict almost escalated into a diplomatic incident between the two countries, as leading Australian political figures, including the Governor of South Australia, Alexander Hore-Ruthven, protested to their English counterparts. The series ended in a 4–1 win for England but the bodyline tactics used were banned the year after.

The Australian team put the result of this series behind them, winning their next tour of England in 1934. The team was led by Bill Woodfull on his final tour and was notably dominated by Ponsford and Bradman, who twice put on partnerships of over 380 runs, with Bradman once again scoring a triple-century at Leeds. The bowling was dominated by the spin pair of Bill O'Reilly and Clarrie Grimmett, who took 53 wickets between them, with O'Reilly twice taking seven-wicket hauls.

Sir Donald Bradman is widely considered the greatest batsman of all time. [21] [22] He dominated the sport from 1930 until his retirement in 1948, setting new records for the highest score in a Test innings (334 vs England at Headingley in 1930), the most number of runs (6996), the most number of centuries (29), the most number of double centuries and the highest Test and first-class batting averages. His record for the highest Test batting average – 99.94 – has never been beaten. It is almost 40 runs per innings above the next highest average. He would have finished with an average of over 100 runs per innings if he had not been dismissed for a duck in his last Test. He was knighted in 1949 for services to cricket. He is generally considered one of Australia's greatest sporting heroes.

Test cricket was again interrupted by war, with the last Test series in 1938 made notable by Len Hutton scoring a world record 364 for England, with Chuck Fleetwood-Smith conceding 298 runs in England's world record total of 7/903. Ross Gregory, a notable young batsman who played two Tests before the war, was killed in the war.

Cricket after World War II

The team continued its success after the end of the Second World War, with the first Test (also Australia's first against New Zealand) being played in the 1945–46 season against New Zealand. Australia was by far the most successful team of the 1940s, being undefeated throughout the decade, winning two Ashes series against England and its first Test series against India. The team capitalised on its ageing stars Bradman, Sid Barnes, Bill Brown and Lindsay Hassett while new talent, including Ian Johnson, Don Tallon, Arthur Morris, Neil Harvey, Bill Johnston and the fast bowling pair of Ray Lindwall and Keith Miller, who all made their debut in the latter half of the 1940s, and were to form the basis of the team for a good part of the next decade. The team that Don Bradman led to England in 1948 gained the moniker The Invincibles, after going through the tour without losing a single game. Of 31 first-class games played during the tour, they won 23 and drew 8, including winning the five-match Test series 4–0, with one draw. The tour was particularly notable for the fourth Test of the series, in which Australia won by seven wickets chasing a target of 404, setting a new record for the highest run chase in Test cricket, with Arthur Morris and Bradman both scoring centuries, as well as for the final Test in the series, Bradman's last, where he finished with a duck in his last innings after needing only four runs to secure a career average of 100.

Australia was less successful in the 1950s, losing three consecutive Ashes series to England, including a horrendous 1956 Tour of England, where the 'spin twins' Laker and Lock destroyed Australia, taking 61 wickets between them, including Laker taking 19 wickets in the game (a first-class record) at Headingley, a game dubbed Laker's Match.

However, the team rebounded to win five consecutive series in the latter half of the 1950s, first under the leadership of Ian Johnson, then Ian Craig and Richie Benaud. The series against the West Indies in the 1960–61 season was notable for the Tied Test in the first game at the Gabba, which was the first in Test cricket. Australia ended up winning the series 2–1 after a hard-fought series that was praised for its excellent standards and sense of fair play. Stand-out players in that series as well as through the early part of the 1960s were Richie Benaud, who took a then-record number of wickets as a leg-spinner and who also captained Australia in 28 Tests, including 24 without defeat; Alan Davidson, who was a notable fast-bowler and also became the first player to take 10 wickets and make 100 runs in the same game in the first Test; Bob Simpson, who also later captained Australia for two different periods of time; Colin McDonald, the first-choice opening batsman for most of the 1950s and early '60s; Norm O'Neill, who made 181 in the Tied Test; Neil Harvey, towards the end of his long career; and Wally Grout, an excellent wicket-keeper who died at the age of 41.

1970s and onward

The Centenary Test was played in March 1977 at the MCG to celebrate 100 years since the first Test was played. Australia won the match by 45 runs, an identical result to the first Test match. [23]

In May 1977, Kerry Packer announced he was organising a breakaway competition – World Series Cricket (WSC) – after the Australian Cricket Board (ACB) refused to accept Channel Nine's bid to gain exclusive television rights to Australia's Test matches in 1976. Packer secretly signed leading international cricketers to his competition, including 28 Australians. Almost all of the Australian Test team at the time were signed to WSC – notable exceptions including Gary Cosier, Geoff Dymock, Kim Hughes and Craig Serjeant – and the Australian selectors were forced to pick what was generally considered a third-rate team from players in the Sheffield Shield. Former player Bob Simpson, who had retired 10 years previously after a conflict with the board, was recalled at the age of 41 to captain Australia against India. Jeff Thomson was named deputy in a team that included seven debutants. Australia managed to win the series 3–2, mainly thanks to the batting of Simpson, who scored 539 runs, including two centuries; and the bowling of Wayne Clark, who took 28 wickets. Australia lost the next series 3–1 against the West Indies, which was fielding a full strength team; and also lost the 1978–79 Ashes series 5–1, the team's worst Ashes result in Australia. Graham Yallop was named as captain for the Ashes, with Kim Hughes taking over for the 1979–80 tour of India. Rodney Hogg took 41 wickets in his debut series, an Australian record. WSC players returned to the team for the 1979–80 season after a settlement between the ACB and Kerry Packer. Greg Chappell was reinstated as captain.

The underarm bowling incident of 1981 occurred when, in an ODI against New Zealand, Greg Chappell instructed his brother Trevor to bowl an underarm delivery to New Zealand batsman Brian McKechnie, with New Zealand needing a six to tie off the last ball. The aftermath of the incident soured political relations between Australia and New Zealand, with several leading political and cricketing figures calling it "unsportsmanlike" and "not in the spirit of cricket".

Australia continued its success up until the early 1980s, built around the Chappell brothers, Dennis Lillee, Jeff Thomson and Rod Marsh. The 1980s was a period of relative mediocrity after the turmoil caused by the Rebel Tours of South Africa and the subsequent retirement of several key players. The rebel tours were funded by the South African Cricket Board to compete against its national side, which had been banned—along with many other sports, including Olympic athletes—from competing internationally, due to the South African government's racist apartheid policies. Some of Australia's best players were poached: Graham Yallop, Carl Rackemann, Terry Alderman, Rodney Hogg, Kim Hughes, John Dyson, Greg Shipperd, Steve Rixon and Steve Smith amongst others. These players were handed three-year suspensions by the Australian Cricket Board which greatly weakened the player pool for the national sides, as most were either current representative players or on the verge of gaining honours.

Under the captaincy of Allan Border and the new fielding standards put in place by new coach Bob Simpson, the team was restructured and gradually rebuilt their cricketing stocks. Some of the rebel players returned to the national side after serving their suspensions, including Trevor Hohns, Carl Rackemann and Terry Alderman. During these lean years, it was the batsmen Border, David Boon, Dean Jones, the young Steve Waugh and the bowling feats of Alderman, Bruce Reid, Craig McDermott, Merv Hughes and to a lesser extent, Geoff Lawson who kept the Australian side afloat.

With the emergence of players such as Ian Healy, Mark Taylor, Geoff Marsh, Mark Waugh, and Greg Matthews in the late 1980s, Australia was on the way back from the doldrums. Winning the Ashes in 1989, the Australians got a roll on beating Pakistan, Sri Lanka and then followed it up with another Ashes win on home soil in 1991. The Australians went on to the West Indies and had their chances but ended up losing the series. However, they bounced back and beat the Indians in their next Test series. With the retirement of the champion but defensive, Allan Border, a new era of attacking cricket had begun under the leadership of firstly Mark Taylor and then Steve Waugh.

The 1990s and early 21st century were arguably Australia's most successful periods, unbeaten in all Ashes series played bar the famous 2005 series and achieving a hat-trick of World Cups. This success has been attributed to the restructuring of the team and system by Border, successive aggressive captains, and the effectiveness of several key players, most notably Glenn McGrath, Shane Warne, Justin Langer, Matthew Hayden, Steve Waugh, Adam Gilchrist, Michael Hussey and Ricky Ponting. Following the 2006/07 Ashes series which Australia won 5 nil, Australia slipped in the rankings after the retirements of key players. In the 2013/14 Ashes series, Australia again defeated England 5 nil and climbed back to third in the ICC International Test rankings. In February/March 2014, Australia beat South Africa, the number 1 team in the world, 2–1 and overtook them to return to the top of the rankings. In 2015, Australia won the World Cup, losing just one game for the tournament.

As of December 2018, Australia was ranked fifth in the ICC Test Championship, [13] sixth in the ICC ODI Championship [15] and fourth in the ICC T20I Championship. [24]

2018 ball-tampering controversy

On 25 March 2018, during the third Test match against hosts South Africa; players Cameron Bancroft, Steve Smith, David Warner and the leadership group of the team were implicated in a ball tampering scandal. [25] [26] Smith and Bancroft admitted to conspiring to alter the condition of the ball by rubbing it with a piece of adhesive tape containing abrasive granules picked up from the ground (it was later revealed that sandpaper was used). [27] Smith stated that the purpose was to gain an advantage by unlawfully changing the ball's surface in order to generate reverse swing. [28] Bancroft had been filmed tampering with the ball and after being informed he had been caught, he was seen to transfer a yellow object from a pocket to the inside front of his trousers to hide the evidence. [29] [30] Steve Smith and David Warner were stood down as captain and vice-captain during the third Test while head coach, Darren Lehmann was suspected to have assisted Cameron Bancroft to tamper the ball. [31] The ICC imposed a one-match ban and 100%-match-fee fine on Smith, while Bancroft was fined 75 per cent of his match fee and received 3 demerit points. [32] Smith and Warner were both stripped of their captaincy roles by Cricket Australia and sent home from the tour (along with Bancroft). Tim Paine was appointed as captain for the fourth Test. [33] Cricket Australia then suspended Smith and Warner from playing for 12 months and Bancroft for 9 months. Smith and Bancroft cannot be considered for leadership roles for 12 months after the suspension, while Warner is barred permanently from leadership. [27] In the aftermath of these events, Darren Lehmann announced his resignation as head coach at the end of the series. [34] On 8 May 2018, Tim Paine was also named as ODI captain [35] and Aaron Finch was re-inserted as T20I captain hours later. [36]

Paine era

On 7 October 2018, Australia played their first Test match under new coach Justin Langer and new leadership group, which included Tim Paine as Australia's 46th Test captain.[ citation needed ]

International grounds

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Locations of all stadiums which have hosted an international cricket match within Australia

Australia currently plays Test cricket at each of the following grounds:

VenueCityCapacity
Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne 100,024
Perth Stadium Perth 60,000
Adelaide Oval Adelaide 53,500
Sydney Cricket Ground Sydney 48,000
Brisbane Cricket Ground Brisbane 36,000
Bellerive Oval Hobart 19,500
Manuka Oval Canberra 12,000
Marrara Oval Darwin 12,000

Team colours

For Test matches, the team wears Cricket Whites, with an optional sweater or sweater-vest with a green and gold V-neck for use in cold weather. The sponsor's (currently Alinta for home matches and Qantas for away matches) logo is displayed on the right side of the chest while the Cricket Australia coat-of-arms is displayed on the left. If the sweater is being worn the coat-of-arms is displayed under the V-neck and the sponsor's logo is again displayed on the right side of the chest. [37] The baggy green, the Australian cricket cap, is considered an essential part of the cricketing uniform and as a symbol of the national team, with new players being presented with one upon their selection in the team. The helmet also prominently displays the Australian cricketing coat-of-arms. At the end of 2011, ASICS was named the manufacturer of the whites and limited over uniforms from Adidas, with the ASICS logo being displayed on the shirt and pants. Players may choose any manufacturer for their other gear (bat, pads, shoes, gloves, etc.).

In One Day International (ODI) cricket and Twenty20 International cricket, the team wears uniforms usually coloured green and gold, the national colours of Australia. There has been a variety of different styles and layouts used in both forms of the limited-overs game, with coloured clothing (sometimes known as "pyjamas") being introduced for World Series Cricket in the late 1970s. The Alinta or Qantas logo is prominently displayed on the shirts and other gears. The current home ODI kit consists of green as the primary colour and gold as the secondary colour. The away kit is the opposite of the home kit with gold as the primary colour and green as the secondary colour. The home Twenty20 kit consists of black with the natural colours of Australia, green and gold strips. [38] However, since Australia beat New Zealand at the MCG in the 2015 Cricket World Cup wearing the gold uniform, it has also become their primary colour, with the hats used being called 'floppy gold', formerly known as 'baggy gold', a limited-overs equivalent to a baggy green. [39] Until the late 2000s, in the ODIs, Australia wore yellow helmets, before switching to green helmets.

Former suppliers were Asics (1999), ISC (2000–2001), Fila (2002–2003) and Adidas (2004–2010) among others. Before Travelex, some of the former sponsors were Coca-Cola (1993–1998), Fly Emirates (1999) and Carlton & United Breweries (2000–2001).

Players

This lists all the active players who have played for Australia in the past year (since 30 March 2018) and the forms in which they have played in that time, along with any players outside this criteria who've been selected in the team's most recent squad (these players appear in italics).

For the 2019–20 season, Cricket Australia's National Selection Panel (NSP) have announced 20 players contracted to the national side from which selectors choose Test, One-day and Twenty20 International teams. Salaries are based on a player ranking system decided by the NSP as well as match fees, tour fees and prize money for on-field success. [40] Uncontracted players remain eligible for selection and can be upgraded to a Cricket Australia contract if they gain regular selection.

Key

NameAgeBatting styleBowling styleStateFormsS/N [41] CNotes
Opening Batsmen
Joe Burns 29Right-handedRight-arm off break Queensland Test15
Aaron Finch 32Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Victoria Test, ODI, T20I5YODI and T20I Captain [36]
Marcus Harris 26Left-handedRight-arm off break Victoria TestY
Matt Renshaw 23Left-handedRight-arm off break Queensland Test
David Warner 32Left-handedRight-arm leg break New South Wales ODI31Y
Middle-order Batsmen
Peter Handscomb 28Right-handedRight-arm medium Victoria Test, ODI, T20I29Y
Travis Head 25Left-handedRight-arm off break South Australia Test, ODI, T20I62YTest Vice-Captain
Usman Khawaja 32Left-handedRight-arm medium Queensland Test, ODI1Y
Chris Lynn 29Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Queensland ODI, T20I50
Nic Maddinson 27Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Victoria T20I53
Shaun Marsh 35Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Western Australia Test, ODI9Y
Ben McDermott 24Right-handedRight-arm medium Tasmania T20I47
Kurtis Patterson 26Left-handedRight-arm off break/leg break New South Wales Test
Steve Smith 30Right-handedRight-arm leg break New South Wales ODI49Y
Ashton Turner 26Right-handedRight-arm off break Western Australia ODI, T20I70
Wicket-keepers
Alex Carey 27Left-handedRight-arm medium South Australia ODI, T20I4YODI and T20I Vice-Captain [36]
Tim Paine 34Right-handedRight-arm medium Tasmania Test, ODI36YTest Captain [33] [35] [36]
All-rounders
Ashton Agar 25Left-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Western Australia ODI, T20I46
Marnus Labuschagne 25Right-handedRight-arm leg break Queensland Test
Mitchell Marsh 27Right-handedRight-arm fast-medium Western Australia Test, ODI, T20I8
Glenn Maxwell 30Right-handedRight-arm off break Victoria ODI, T20I32Y
Michael Neser 29Right-handedRight-arm medium-fast Queensland ODI18
D'Arcy Short 28Left-handed Slow left-arm unorthodox Western Australia ODI, T20I23
Marcus Stoinis 29Right-handedRight-arm fast-medium Western Australia ODI, T20I17Y
Jack Wildermuth 25Right-handedRight-arm medium-fast Queensland T20I24
Pace Bowlers
Jason Behrendorff 29Right-handedLeft-arm fast-medium Western Australia ODI, T20I65
Nathan Coulter-Nile 31Right-handedRight-arm fast Western Australia ODI, T20I6Y
Pat Cummins 26Right-handedRight-arm fast New South Wales Test, ODI, T20I30YTest, ODI and T20I Vice-Captain
Josh Hazlewood 28Left-handedRight-arm fast-medium New South Wales Test, ODI38Y
Jhye Richardson 22Left-handedRight-arm fast Western Australia Test, ODI, T20I60Y
Kane Richardson 28Right-handedRight-arm fast-medium South Australia ODI, T20I55
Chadd Sayers 31Right-handedRight-arm medium-fast South Australia Test
Peter Siddle 34Right-handedRight-arm fast medium Victoria Test, ODI10
Billy Stanlake 24Left-handedRight-arm fast Queensland ODI, T20I37
Mitchell Starc 29Left-handedLeft-arm fast New South Wales Test, ODI, T20I56Y
Andrew Tye 32Right-handedRight-arm medium-fast Western Australia ODI, T20I68
Spin Bowlers
Jon Holland 32Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox Victoria Test
Nathan Lyon 31Right-handedRight-arm off break New South Wales Test, ODI, T20I67Y
Mitchell Swepson 25Right-handedRight-arm leg break Queensland T20I22
Adam Zampa 27Right-handedRight-arm leg break South Australia ODI, T20I63Y

Coaching staff

Test match records

Team

Appearances

Batting

Bowling

Fielding and wicketkeeping

One-Day International records

Team

Appearances

Batting

Bowling

Fielding and wicketkeeping

Tournament history

A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within Australia

ICC World Cup

World Cup record
YearRoundPositionGPWLTNR
Flag of England.svg 1975 Runners-up2/853200
Flag of England.svg 1979 Group stage6/831200
Flag of England.svg 1983 62400
Flag of India.svg Flag of Pakistan.svg 1987 Champions1/887100
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Flag of New Zealand.svg 1992 Round 15/984400
Flag of India.svg Flag of Pakistan.svg Flag of Sri Lanka.svg 1996 Runners-up2/1275200
Flag of England.svg 1999 Champions1/12107210
Flag of South Africa.svg 2003 1/141111000
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg 2007 1/161111000
Flag of India.svg Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Flag of Bangladesh.svg 2011 Quarter-finals6/1474201
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Flag of New Zealand.svg 2015 Champions1/1497101
Flag of England.svg 2019 To be played
Flag of India.svg 2023
Total5 titles11/1185622012

ICC T20 World Cup

T20 World Cup record
YearRoundPositionGPWLTNR
Flag of South Africa.svg 2007 Semi-finals3/1263300
Flag of England.svg 2009 Round 111/1220200
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg 2010 Runners-up2/1276100
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg 2012 Semi-finals3/1264200
Flag of Bangladesh.svg 2014 Super 108/1641300
Flag of India.svg 2016 6/1642200
Flag of Australia (converted).svg 2020
Total0 titles5/529161300

ICC Champions Trophy

Champions Trophy record
YearRoundPositionGPWLTNR
Flag of Bangladesh.svg 1998 Quarter-finals6/910100
Flag of Kenya.svg 2000 5/1110100
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg 2002 Semi-finals4/1232100
Flag of England.svg 2004 3/1232100
Flag of India.svg 2006 Champions1/1054100
Flag of South Africa.svg 2009 1/854001
Flag of England.svg 2013 Group stage7/830201
Flag of England.svg 2017 30102
Total2 Titles6/62412804

Commonwealth Games

Commonwealth Games record
YearRoundPositionGPWLTNR
Flag of Malaysia.svg 1998 Runners-up2/1654100
Total0 Titles1/154100

Honours

Cricket World Cup (5): 1987, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2015

ICC Champions Trophy (2): 2006, 2009

Laureus World Sports Award for Team of the Year (1): 2002

Under the Southern Cross I Stand

The team song is ‘Under the Southern Cross I Stand’, which is sung by the players after every victory and ”treated with reverential consideration and respect” within the team. [70] The official lyrics are as follows, though when it is sung by the players, the word ’little’ in the last line is instead replaced by ’bloody’ or an expletive.

Under the Southern Cross I Stand
A sprig of wattle in my hand,
A native of my native land,
Australia you little beauty. [71]

The authorship of this ’Under the Southern Cross I Stand’ is credited to former wicketkeeper Rod Marsh, who was apparently inspired by Henry Lawson's 1887 poem, ’Flag of the Southern Cross’. [70] Marsh initially had the role of leading the team in singing it and, on his retirement, passed it on to Allan Border. The other players to have taken on the role are David Boon (when Border took over the captaincy), Ian Healy (on Boon's retirement), Ricky Ponting (on Healy's retirement), Justin Langer (when Ponting took over the captaincy). The role was then passed on to Michael Hussey, who took it on when Langer retired in January 2007. Following Hussey's retirement on 6 January 2013, he announced that he would be handing the duties over to Nathan Lyon. [72]

See also

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Further reading