The International Cricket Council (ICC) was founded at Lord's on 15 June 1909 as the Imperial Cricket Conference,with Australia, England, and South Africa as its founding members. In the beginning, only countries within the Commonwealth could join. These members were then joined by India, New Zealand, and the West Indies in 1926 and later by Pakistan in 1953. In 1961, South Africa resigned due to their leaving the Commonwealth, but they continued to play Test cricket until their international exile in 1970.
The Imperial Cricket Conference was renamed the International Cricket Conference in 1965, with new rules permitting countries from outside the Commonwealth to be elected into the governing body for the first time. That year, Fiji and the USA became the first Associate Member nations.
In 1981, Sri Lanka became the first Associate Member to be elected a Full Member, returning the number of Test-playing nations to seven. In 1989, the ICC was again renamed, this time to International Cricket Council.South Africa was reelected as a Full Member to the ICC in 1991 and Zimbabwe was elected in 1992. It would be eight years before the next Full Member, Bangladesh, was elected in 2000. On 22 June 2017, Ireland and Afghanistan were granted Full Member and Test status, bringing the number of Full Members to 12.
As of July 2021, there are 106 ICC members, with 12 Full Members and 94 Associate Members.The Membership Committee will consider all future requests for membership – full and associate – against an objective set of criteria. There was previously a third level, Affiliate Membership, which was removed in June 2017 with all previous Affiliate Members becoming Associate Members. The rule changes introduced a hierarchy, with two categories of membership: Full Members and Associate Members. Any new member elected to the governing body could only be an Associate Member, with the possibility of later being promoted to a Full Member based on ongoing performance in international competition.
From July–October 2019, the ICC suspended Zimbabwe Cricket, the first time this had been done to a Full Member side.
Full Members are the governing bodies for cricket in a country or a group of associated countries representing a geographical area.
All Full Members have a right to send one representative team to play official Test matches, have full voting rights at meetings of the ICC, and are automatically qualified to play ODIs and T20Is.The West Indies cricket team does not represent one country, but rather an amalgamation of more than 15 countries and territories from the Caribbean, while the English Cricket team represents both England and Wales and the Ireland cricket team represents all of the island of Ireland.
Among these 12 nations, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Ireland have played as associate nations under the ICC before becoming Full Members.
|Country||Teams||Governing body||Full Member since||Test status since||Region||Current ranking (men's)||Current ranking (women's)|
|Afghanistan||Men • Women • U19||Afghanistan Cricket Board||22 June 2017||14 June 2018||Asia||―||10||7||N/A||N/A|
|Australia||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Australia||15 June 1909||15 March 1877||East Asia-Pacific||3||3||5||1||1|
|Bangladesh||Men • Women • U19||Bangladesh Cricket Board||26 June 2000||10 November 2000||Asia||9||7||6||8||9|
|England||Men • Women • U19||England and Wales Cricket Board||15 June 1909||15 March 1877||Europe||4||2||1||2||2|
|India||Men • Women • U19||Board of Control for Cricket in India||31 May 1926||25 June 1932||Asia||2||4||2||4||3|
|Ireland||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Ireland||22 June 2017||11 May 2018||Europe||―||12||12||10||10|
|New Zealand||Men • Women • U19||New Zealand Cricket||31 May 1926||10 January 1930||East Asia-Pacific||1||1||3||5||4|
|Pakistan||Men • Women • U19||Pakistan Cricket Board||28 July 1952||16 October 1952||Asia||5||6||4||7||7|
|South Africa||Men • Women • U19||Cricket South Africa||15 June 1909||12 March 1889||Africa||6||5||6||3||5|
|Sri Lanka||Men • Women • U19||Sri Lanka Cricket||21 July 1981||17 February 1982||Asia||8||9||9||9||8|
|West Indies||Men • Women • U19||Cricket West Indies||31 May 1926||23 June 1928||Americas||7||8||8||6||6|
|Zimbabwe||Men • Women • U19||Zimbabwe Cricket||6 July 1992||18 October 1992||Africa||10||13||11||—||12|
Reference: ICC Men's Rankings, ICC Women's Rankings, 19 July 2021
This section needs to be updated.(September 2021)
Associate Members are countries where cricket is firmly established and organised but do not qualify for Full Membership.There are 94 Associate Members.
All Associates were eligible to play in the ICC World Cricket League, a series of international one-day cricket administered by the ICC until 2019.This was replaced by the ICC Cricket World Cup League Two and Cricket World Cup Challenge League from 2019 onwards. There are also ICC T20 World Cup Qualifier events that works as a qualification process for ICC T20 World Cup: until April 2018, only the qualified teams were awarded Twenty20 International status.
In April 2018, the ICC announced T20I status for all its members from 1 July 2018 for the women's game, and from 1 January 2019 for the men's game.
Denotes members that are currently suspended by the ICC.
|Country||Teams||Government||Associate member since||Region||Ref|
|Argentina||Men • Women • U19||Argentine Cricket Association||1974||Americas|
|Austria||Men • Women • U19||Austrian Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|Bahamas||Men • Women • U19||Bahamas Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Bahrain||Men • Women • U19||Bahrain Cricket Association||2017||Asia|
|Belgium||Men • Women • U19||Belgian Cricket Federation||2005||Europe|
|Belize||Men • Women • U19||Belize National Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Bermuda||Men • Women • U19||Bermuda Cricket Board||1966||Americas|
|Bhutan||Men • Women • U19||Bhutan Cricket Council Board||2017||Asia|
|Botswana||Men • Women • U19||Botswana Cricket Association||2005||Africa|
|Brazil||Men • Women • U19||Brazilian Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Bulgaria||Men • Women • U19||Bulgarian Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Cameroon||Men • Women • U19||Cameroon Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Canada||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Canada||1968||Americas|
|Cayman Islands||Men • Women • U19||Cayman Islands Cricket Association||2002||Americas|
|Chile||Men • Women • U19||Chilean Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|China||Men • Women • U19||Chinese Cricket Association||2017||Asia|
|Cook Islands||Men • Women • U19||Cook Islands Cricket Association||2017||East Asia-Pacific|
|Costa Rica||Men • Women • U19||Costa Rica Cricket Federation||2017||Americas|
|Croatia||Men • Women • U19||Croatian Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Cyprus||Men • Women • U19||Cyprus Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|Czech Republic||Men • Women • U19||Czech Cricket Union||2017||Europe|
|Denmark||Men • Women • U19||Danish Cricket Federation||1966||Europe|
|Estonia||Men • Women • U19||Estonia Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|Eswatini||Men • Women • U19||Eswatini Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Falkland Islands||Men • Women • U19||Falkland Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Fiji||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Fiji||1965||East Asia-Pacific|
|Finland||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Finland||2017||Europe|
|France||Men • Women • U19||France Cricket Association||1998||Europe|
|Gambia||Men • Women • U19||Gambia Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Germany||Men • Women • U19||German Cricket Federation||1999||Europe|
|Ghana||Men • Women • U19||Ghana Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Gibraltar||Men • Women • U19||Gibraltar Cricket Association||1969||Europe|
|Greece||Men • Women • U19||Hellenic Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Guernsey||Men • Women • U19||Guernsey Cricket Board||2008||Europe|
|Hong Kong||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Hong Kong||1969||Asia|
|Hungary||Men • Women • U19||Hungarian Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|Indonesia||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Indonesia||2017||East Asia-Pacific|
|Iran||Men • Women • U19||Islamic Republic of Iran Cricket Association||2017||Asia|
|Isle of Man||Men • Women • U19||Isle of Man Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|Israel||Men • Women • U19||Israel Cricket Association||1974||Europe|
|Italy||Men • Women • U19||Italian Cricket Federation||1995||Europe|
|Japan||Men • Women • U19||Japan Cricket Association||2005||East Asia-Pacific|
|Jersey||Men • Women • U19||Jersey Cricket Board||2007||Europe|
|Kenya||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Kenya||1981||Africa|
|Kuwait||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Kuwait||2005||Asia|
|Lesotho||Men • Women • U19||Lesotho Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Luxembourg||Men • Women • U19||Luxembourg Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Malawi||Men • Women • U19||Malawi Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Malaysia||Men • Women • U19||Malaysian Cricket Association||1967||Asia|
|Maldives||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Board of Maldives||2017||Asia|
|Mali||Men • Women • U19||Malian Cricket Federation||2017||Africa|
|Malta||Men • Women • U19||Malta Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|Mexico||Men • Women • U19||Mexico Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Mongolia||Men • Women • U19||Mongolia Cricket Association||2021||Asia|
|Mozambique||Men • Women • U19||Mozambican Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Myanmar||Men • Women • U19||Myanmar Cricket Federation||2017||Asia|
|Namibia||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Namibia||1992||Africa|
|Nepal||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Association of Nepal||1996||Asia|
|Netherlands||Men • Women • U19||Royal Dutch Cricket Association||1966||Europe|
|Nigeria||Men • Women • U19||Nigeria Cricket Federation||2002||Africa|
|Norway||Men • Women • U19||Norwegian Cricket Board||2017||Europe|
|Oman||Men • Women • U19||Oman Cricket||2014||Asia|
|Panama||Men • Women • U19||Panama Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Papua New Guinea||Men • Women • U19||Cricket PNG||1973||East Asia-Pacific|
|Peru||Men • Women • U19||Peru Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Philippines||Men • Women • U19||Philippine Cricket Association||2017||East Asia-Pacific|
|Portugal||Men • Women • U19||Portuguese Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Qatar||Men • Women • U19||Qatar Cricket Association||2017||Asia|
|Romania||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Romania||2017||Europe|
|Russia||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Russia||2017||Europe|
|Rwanda||Men • Women • U19||Rwanda Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Saint Helena||Men • Women • U19||St Helena Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Samoa||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Samoa||2017||East Asia-Pacific|
|Saudi Arabia||Men • Women • U19||Saudi Cricket Centre||2016||Asia|
|Scotland||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Scotland||1994||Europe|
|Serbia||Men • Women • U19||Serbian Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Seychelles||Men • Women • U19||Seychelles Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Sierra Leone||Men • Women • U19||Sierra Leone Cricket Association||2017||Africa|
|Singapore||Men • Women • U19||Singapore Cricket Association||1974||Asia|
|Slovenia||Men • Women • U19||Slovenian Cricket Association||2017||Europe|
|South Korea||Men • Women • U19||Korea Cricket Association||2017||East Asia-Pacific|
|Spain||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Spain||2017||Europe|
|Suriname||Men • Women • U19||Suriname Cricket Board||2011||Americas|
|Sweden||Men • Women • U19||Swedish Cricket Federation||2017||Europe|
|Switzerland||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Switzerland||1985-2012 , 2021||Europe|
|Tajikistan||Men • Women • U19||Tajikistan Cricket Federation||2021||Asia|
|Tanzania||Men • Women • U19||Tanzania Cricket Association||2001||Africa|
|Thailand||Men • Women • U19||Cricket Association of Thailand||2005||Asia|
|Turkey||Men • Women • U19||Turkish Cricket Board||2017||Europe|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||Men • Women • U19||Turks and Caicos Cricket Association||2017||Americas|
|Uganda||Men • Women • U19||Uganda Cricket Association||1998||Africa|
|United Arab Emirates||Men • Women • U19||Emirates Cricket Board||1990||Asia|
|United States||Men • Women • U19||USA Cricket||1965-2017, 2019||Americas|
|Vanuatu||Men • Women • U19||Vanuatu Cricket Association||2009||East Asia-Pacific|
The ICC granted One-Day International status to its Associate Members based on their success in the World Cricket League; the World Cricket League was replaced in 2019 and ODI status now goes exclusively to all teams in the newly created ICC Cricket World Cup Super League and ICC Cricket World Cup League 2.
The Associate teams who currently hold ODI status are:
|Team||Governing body||ODI status since||Region||Current ODI ranking|
|Nepal||Cricket Association of Nepal||2018||Asia||16|
|Netherlands||Royal Dutch Cricket Association||2018||Europe||11|
|Papua New Guinea||Cricket PNG||2019||East Asia-Pacific||20|
|United Arab Emirates||Emirates Cricket Board||2018||Asia||17|
|United States||USA Cricket||2019||Americas||19|
In winning the 2015–17 World Cricket League, Netherlands ensured they would become an ODI team at the end of the 2018 World Cup Qualifier.
The three other highest placed associates in this qualifier (UAE, Scotland and Nepal) joined them. In June 2018, Scotland and UAE were added to the main ODI rankings list, with Nepal joining them in January 2019. Netherlands will be added once they have played enough games to gain a meaningful rating.
Four additional teams gained ODI status after the conclusion of the World Cricket League Division Two tournament in April 2019.These teams were Namibia, Oman, Papua New Guinea and USA.
In April 2018, the ICC announced T20I status for all Members from 1 January 2019. Therefore, all Twenty20 matches played between ICC Members since 1 January 2019 have been a full T20I.
There are five countries who were previously members of the International Cricket Council (as associate and/or affiliate members), but had their membership revoked for various reasons.
|Country||Region||ICC membership period|
Regional bodies aim to organise, promote and develop the game of cricket in their respective ICC regions:
Two further regional bodies were disestablished following the creation of the African Cricket Association:
International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The main forms are Test matches, One-Day matches and Twenty20 matches.
The United States national cricket team is the team that represents the United States in international cricket. The team was formerly organised by the United States of America Cricket Association (USACA), which became an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1965. In June 2017, the USACA was expelled by the ICC due to governance and financing issues, with the U.S. team being temporarily overseen by ICC Americas until a new sanctioning body was established. In January 2019, associate membership was officially granted to USA Cricket.
The Nepal national cricket team nicknamed The Rhinos and Gorkhalis, represents the country of Nepal in International cricket and is governed by the Cricket Association of Nepal (CAN). They have been an Associate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1996. Nepal were awarded Twenty20 International (T20I) status by the ICC in June 2014 until the 2015 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. On 15 March 2018, Nepal gained One Day International (ODI) status for the first time, after winning the first playoff match in the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier.
The Hong Kong national cricket team is the team that represents independent Hong Kong in international competition. It played its first match in 1866 and has been an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1969.
The Bermuda national cricket team represents the British overseas territory of Bermuda in international cricket. The team is organised by the Bermuda Cricket Board (BCB), which became an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1966.
The United Arab Emirates national cricket team is the team that represents the United Arab Emirates in international cricket. They are governed by the Emirates Cricket Board (ECB) which became an Affiliate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 1989 and an Associate Member the following year. Since 2005, the ICC's headquarters have been located in Dubai.
The Scotland national cricket team represents the country of Scotland. They play their home matches at The Grange, Edinburgh, and also some other venues.
The Netherlands national cricket team is the men's team that represents the Kingdom of the Netherlands and is administered by the Royal Dutch Cricket Association.
The Ireland cricket team represents all of Ireland in international cricket. The Irish Cricket Union, operating under the brand Cricket Ireland is the sport's governing body in Ireland, and organises the international team.
The Afghanistan men's national team represents Afghanistan in international cricket.
The Oman national cricket team is the team that represents the country of Oman and is governed by the Oman Cricket Board, which became an Affiliate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2000, and gained Associate status in 2014. The national side has played matches at Twenty20 International level. On 24 April 2019, Oman achieved One-Day International status for the first time until 2022, after they beat tournament hosts Namibia by four wickets in 2019 ICC World Cricket League Division Two.
The Papua New Guinea national cricket team, nicknamed the Barramundis, is the team that represents the country of Papua New Guinea in international cricket. The team is organised by Cricket PNG, which has been an Associate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1973. Papua New Guinea previously had One-Day International (ODI) status, which it gained by finishing fourth in 2014 World Cup Qualifier. Papua New Guinea lost both their ODI and T20I status in March 2018 after losing a playoff match against Nepal during the 2018 Cricket World Cup Qualifier, a result that earned ODI and T20I status for their opponents. On 26 April 2019, at the final World Cricket League 2 fixture; PNG defeated Oman to finish at the fourth position and reclaim their ODI status.
The Scotland women's national cricket team, nicknamed the Wildcats, represents Scotland in international women's cricket. The team is organised by Cricket Scotland, an associate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC).
Paras Khadka is a former Nepalese professional cricketer. He was the captain of the Nepalese cricket team from 2008 to 2019. All-rounder Khadka is a right-handed batsman, a right-arm medium-fast bowler, and an occasional off break bowler. He made his debut for Nepal against Malaysia in April 2004. He was one of the eleven cricketers to play in Nepal's first ever One Day International (ODI) match, against the Netherlands, in August 2018. On 3 August 2021, Khadka announced his retirement from international cricket.
The Bangladesh women's national cricket team is the team that represents the country of Bangladesh in international women's cricket matches. They made their international debut when they played, and won, two matches against Thailand in July 2007 before participating in and winning the 2007 ACC Women's Tournament. Bangladesh were granted One-Day International (ODI) status in 2011 after finishing fifth in the 2011 Women's Cricket World Cup Qualifier. They subsequently qualified for the 2014 ICC Women's World Twenty20, making their first appearance at a top-level women's international tournament. They are the current champion of ACC Women's Asia Cup.
The Namibia national cricket team is the men's team that represents the Republic of Namibia and is governed by Cricket Namibia, an Associate Member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) since 1992, and became part of the High Performance Program in 2007. They took part in the 2003 Cricket World Cup in South Africa, though they lost all their games. They have played in each edition of the ICC Intercontinental Cup.
The 2020–23 ICC Men's Cricket World Cup Super League is the ongoing inaugural edition of the ICC Cricket World Cup Super League, a One Day International (ODI) league. The league is taking place from July 2020 to March 2023, and serves as part of the 2023 Cricket World Cup qualification process.