|Founded||1 January 1997|
|Affiliation||International Cricket Council (ICC)|
|Men's coach||Chris Silverwood|
|Women's coach||Lisa Keightley|
|Sponsor||Cinch, IG, LV=, Vitality, Royal London, Lifebuoy, New Balance|
The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) is the governing body of cricket in England and Wales.It was formed on 1 January 1997 as a single governing body to combine the roles formerly fulfilled by the Test and County Cricket Board, the National Cricket Association and the Cricket Council. In April 1998 the Women's Cricket Association was integrated into the organisation. The ECB's head offices are at Lord's Cricket Ground in north-west London.
The board oversees all levels of cricket in England and Wales, including the national teams : England Men (Test, One Day International and T20I), England Women, England Lions (Men's second tier), Physical Disability, Learning Disability, Visually Impaired, and Deaf.
Although the organisation is the England and Wales Cricket Board, it is referred to as the ECB not the EWCB as a result of a decision by those overseeing the transition from the previous bodies.
The ECB is run by an executive management team that reports directly to the chief executive officer, an office held on 14 January 2020 by Tom Harrison.He in turn reports to the Chair of the ECB Board, a position currently held by Colin Graves, who was due to step down in May 2020 but was granted a 6-month extension to his tenure to November 2020.
An executive committee chaired by the CEO is responsible for delivering the ECB's strategic plans. Three other committees – Cricket; Audit, Risk and Governance; and Regulatory – work with the senior management team on policy, planning and strategic issues.
The ECB Management Board is composed of a Chair, a Senior Independent Non-Executive Director, three Independent Non-Executive Directors, five Cricket Non-Executive Directors, the CEO and the CFO.
There are 41 members of the ECB:
One of the main responsibilities of the ECB is the preparation and development of the teams that represent England at the highest level in Test and ODI play. The National Selector, head coach and other coaches are ECB employees. The ECB also employs the English Test match captain and other centrally contracted players, as well as being responsible for the National Cricket Performance Centre, currently based at Loughborough University in Leicestershire.
The long-term strategy to deliver world championships in the men's and women's games had a successful conclusion in the summer of 2019. England won the ICC Cricket World Cup for the first time, emulating the feat of their female counterparts, who had become world champions for the fourth time in 2017.
The ECB is responsible for the financial direction and commercial exploitation of England cricket. It raises revenue from the proceeds of sales for tickets at One Day International and Test matches in England and Wales. The ECB is also responsible for the generation of income from the sale of sponsorship and broadcasting rights, primarily in relation to the English team.
Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the UK. More than 1.1 million adults attend cricket matches each year, while 2.5 million people play the game at all levels in England and Wales.Almost 10 million people – about 20% of the adult population – follow the sport. Since 2009, 4 million schoolchildren have been introduced to cricket by the Chance To Shine programme.
In 2017 the ECB signed a new media rights deal valued at £1.1billion to cover the five years between 2020 and 2024.This deal will be used to fund a broad range of initiatives across the sport at all levels, including a guaranteed and unprecedented £475million to fund the county network – First-Class Counties, National Counties and County Boards.
While the ECB administers all aspects of English cricket, the laws of the game remain in the control of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC).
In April 2017 the Articles of Association were changed to allow a new T20 competition to be run from 2020, comprising 8 teams, it will be run during school summer holidays.The T20 event has become The Hundred.
In May 2018 ECB launched an action plan for engaging South Asian audiences in England and Wales.In January 2019 ECB launched its Inspiring Generations strategy for cricket across 2020–2024. The strategy aims to Inspire a generation to say Cricket is a game for me.: Alongside its five-year plan, in October 2019 ECB launched plans to transform women's and girls' cricket.
The ECB also leads the sport's efforts with regard to the integrity of cricket, including anti-dopingand anti-corruption initiatives, and safeguarding of all who play and administer the game. In the 2017-2018 financial year, the ECB's turnover was £125.5 million.
Men's Test team: England played in the first Test match, against Australia in 1877, and has been one of the world's leading exponents of the five-day form of cricket ever since. England has been a full member of the International Cricket Council since 1909. The team's captain, as of July 2020, was Joe Root
Men's one-day team: England featured in the first One-Day International, against Australia in 1971. England won the men's Cricket World Cup for the first time in a thrilling final against New Zealand at Lord's in July 2019. England's only previous limited-overs global title came in the T20 World Cup in 2010. As of July 2020, the team's captain was Eoin Morgan.
Women's team: England featured in the first Women's Test series, against Australia in 1934–35, where they won 2-0 despite the enduring rancour from the Bodyline series of two winters before. They have won the World Cup four times, most recently in 2017. The team is captained, as of July 2020, by Heather Knight.
Disability teams: The ECB is committed to facilitating access to the sport for people with disabilities. It aims to have 300 clubs offering disabled provision by 2024. The four teams administered by the ECB are Physical Disability,Learning Disability, Visually Impaired and Deaf.
First-Class Counties: There are 18 First-Class Counties, 17 in England and one, Glamorgan, in Wales.County cricket developed in the 1740s and the first County Championship was played in 1890. From 2020 onwards there are 10 teams in Division One and eight in Division Two. The ECB plays a part in the administration of a county through the County Partnership Agreement, a structure set up in late 2019 designed to improve two-way communication between the ECB and the counties and to ensure the successful implementation of the inspiring Generations strategy between 2020 and 2024.
National Counties: Formerly known as the Minor Counties, these are the 21 areas where cricket is played on a county-wide basis but without first-class status.The Minor Counties Championship was first staged in 1895. From 2020 onwards, the counties’ Western and Eastern divisions are split into two five-team groups between which sides are relegated and promoted. Each county also has a County Partnership Agreement with the ECB.
County Boards: Recreational cricket at all levels in each county is administered by a county board.There are more than 6,500 recreational cricket clubs and 40 county boards in total, including boards for Wales and the Isle of Wight. Each board has a County Partnership Agreement with the ECB. The intention is for the whole of cricket to think collectively about how to work together for the present and future stability and growth of the game.
The ECB also works at grassroots level with organisations such as Chance To Shine that are dedicated to encouraging talented and enthusiastic youngsters to play as much cricket as possible and maximise their potential.
Cricket in Wales: Historically, there have been claims that Wales should break away from the ECB and have its own international team, like Ireland and Scotland. However, Cricket Wales and Glamorgan have consistently supported the ECB and the concept that Welsh players of international standard will continue to represent England.
Domestic competitions: First-class counties compete in the following:
Subject to certain exceptions, each historic county in England has either an ECB County Cricket Club or Cricket Board as below. The first-class counties are represented directly at the ECB, whereas the minor counties retain a Cricket Board.
Rutland shares a board with neighbouring Leicestershire, an echo of the 18th century Leicestershire and Rutland Cricket Club. Hampshire as such has two boards given that the Isle of Wight has its own. Westmorland and Cumberland are replaced by Cumbria, a ceremonial county created in 1974. An additional board exists for the whole country of Wales and is incorporated within the ECB.
Most counties have clubs which are members of either the County Championship or the Minor Counties Cricket Championship. Rutland and the Isle of Wight do not have county clubs and are wholly integrated for that purpose with Leicestershire and Hampshire respectively. Huntingdonshire County Cricket Club has a chequered history and now plays informal matches only. Cumberland and Westmorland originally shared Cumberland County Cricket Club as a joint county club. It is now representative of Cumbria as a whole and plays matches in both of the two traditional counties; there has never been a club called Westmorland.
Historically, the England team represented the whole of Great Britain in international cricket, with Scottish or Welsh national teams playing sporadically and players from both countries occasionally representing England. Following Ireland's membership in 1993, Scotland became an independent member of the ICC the next year.
With Welsh players pursuing international careers exclusively with an England team, there have been a number of calls for Wales to become an independent member of the ICC, or for the ECB to provide more fixtures for a Welsh national team. However, both Cricket Wales and Glamorgan County Cricket Club have continually supported the ECB, with Glamorgan arguing for the financial benefits of the Welsh county within the English structure, and Cricket Wales stating they are "committed to continuing to play a major role within the ECB"
The absence of a Welsh cricket team has seen a number of debates within the Welsh Assembly. In 2013 a debate saw both Conservative and Labour members lend their support to the establishment of an independent Welsh team.
In 2015, a report produced by the Welsh National Assembly's petitions committee, reflected the passionate debate around the issue. Bethan Jenkins, Plaid Cymru’s spokesperson on heritage, culture, sport and broadcasting, and a member of the petitions committee, argued that Wales should have its own international team and withdraw from the ECB. Jenkins noted that Ireland (with a population of 6.4 million) was an ICC member with 6,000 club players whereas Wales (with 3.2 million) had 7,500. Jenkins said: "Cricket Wales and Glamorgan CCC say the idea of a Welsh national cricket team is ‘an emotive subject’, of course having a national team is emotive, you only have to look at the stands during any national game to see that. To suggest this as anything other than natural is a bit of a misleading argument."
In 2017, the First Minister of Wales, Carwyn Jones called for the reintroduction of the Welsh one day team stating: "[It] is odd that we see Ireland and Scotland playing in international tournaments and not Wales."
In 2019, Plaid Cymru member Jonathan Edwards called for Wales to separate from the England and Wales Cricket Board by 2020 and to establish itself as an independent national team, Mr. Edwards said; “We have a Welsh rugby team, football team, basketball team, even a national lacrosse team. In cricket, however, we are still incorporated into England. That surely can’t be right.”
In 2019 the ECB launched a game-wide strategy to grow interest in, and engagement with, cricket over the five years between 2020 and 2024.Its vision is that by the latter date a new generation of fans will have been inspired to say: “Cricket is a game for me. ”
Inspiring Generations has been made possible by the signing of a media rights deal worth about £1.1billion, the vast majority of which will be paid by Sky television. As a result, the ECB has identified 26 activities that will made up the overarching Inspiring Generations strategy.
The key focus is on six areas, in which the ECB has pledged to:
One of the most important elements of the Inspiring Generations strategy is the delivery of a plan to make cricket a truly gender-balanced sport and to build on the significant progress in the women's game in the first two decades of the 21st century.
The ECB has promised by 2021 to invest £20million specifically into the transformation of women's and girls’ cricket.This process is built around the following five targets:
More than 850 clubs now offer women's and girls’ cricket, a total that was fewer than 100 in 2009.
(Main article: The Hundred)
2020 sees the launch of a new competition by the ECB which the board says is designed to appeal to families and younger cricket fans.The Hundred, as its name suggests, is only 100 balls per side. The new competition is designed to be fast moving and is aimed at a young, digitally-savvy, urban audience who want a game that is simple to understand, packed with action and completed in less than three hours.
Eight new teams have been created by the ECB and based in cities across England and Wales. New branding and identities will see players who are familiar to existing cricket fans playing for sides who no longer bear the names of traditional counties.
The team names are:
The best players in England, and many of the biggest stars in the world, have signed up for The Hundred. Men's and women's teams will represent each of the new outfits – it is claimed that it is unprecedented to run a national competition in a major sport in which the men's and women's teams are so closely aligned.
The men's squads were finalised in October 2019 at an NFL-style draft, the first time such a system had been applied to a major UK competition.
The competition also sees the return after 15 years of live cricket to free-to-air television. The BBC will be screening at least ten matches live from the men's competition, including the final.
Some traditional supporters of cricket have questioned the ECB's motivation for launching a new format of the sport, but the ECB's response is that The Hundred will attract a new audience who will, in turn, become fans of more established forms of the sport.
The launch of The Hundred competition has officially been delayed by one year, to 2021, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
In 2018, the ECB launched an initiative designed to increase engagement in cricket in England and Wales among people who trace their ancestry to nations in south Asia – such as India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka – where cricket has historically been hugely popular.
The decision was taken to engage with this community in particular because more than 30% of active cricketers in England and Wales at the time identified as being of South Asian extraction.
The SAAP was driven by research and community-led in an attempt to break down barriers to playing and watching cricket.
The 11 principal action points included installing non-traditional playing facilities in urban areas and delivering cricket at schools with a higher than national average representation of BAME pupils.
One significant early success was the opening in 2019 of the Leyton Cricket Hub in east London, the first urban cricket centre of its kind in the country. The SAAP also led to the installation of 110 non-turf pitches in urban areas and the recruitment of 600 female volunteers to boost the initiative.
All Stars Cricket is the ECB's entry-level participation programme for boys and girls aged between five and eight.It consists of eight one-hour sessions over eight weeks and the emphasis is on fun and activity.
The programme is designed for all children who are new cricket and focuses on the sport's specific skills as well as activity and teamwork in general.
In 2019, more than 67,000 children took part in sessions at more than 2,200 clubs.
The T20 Blast, currently named the Vitality Blast for sponsorship reasons is a professional Twenty20 cricket competition for English and Welsh first-class counties. The competition was established by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 as the first professional Twenty20 league in the world. It is the top-level Twenty20 competition in England and Wales.
The Cardiff Wales Stadium, which is part of Sophia Gardens Cardiff, is a cricket stadium in Cardiff, Wales. It is located in Sophia Gardens on the River Taff. It is home to Glamorgan County Cricket Club and is listed as an international Test cricket venue.
The Wales national cricket team is a representative cricket team for Wales. Despite Wales and England being represented in all forms of International cricket by the England team, the Welsh cricket team continues to play short form cricket periodically. Tom Williams once played for them.
Cricket is one of the most popular sports in England, and has been played since the 16th century. Marylebone Cricket Club, based at Lord's, developed the modern rules of play and conduct.
Cricket is a popular sport in Wales with its roots beginning in the late 18th century and has been played throughout Wales ever since. All cricket within Wales is regulated by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) making it effectively part of all cricket played within the English cricket system. Glamorgan County Cricket Club is Wales' only first-class County team, and Welsh players are eligible to represent England as Wales does not currently have its own Test cricket team or cricket body. Cricket is played within the Welsh schools system, and is considered one of the country's main summer sports.
Cricket Wales is the national governing body of cricket in Wales.
The Women's Cricket Super League (WCSL), known as the Kia Super League (KSL) for sponsorship reasons, was a semi-professional women's Twenty20 cricket competition in England and Wales operated by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB). The competition featured six franchise teams, partnered with a variety of county teams and boards and universities, and was envisaged as a means to bridge the gap between amateur domestic cricket and the increasingly professional international game.
The Hundred is a professional franchise 100-ball cricket tournament involving eight men's and women's teams located in major cities across England and Wales. The tournament will be run by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) and will take place for the first time in summer 2021, having been delayed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
100-ball cricket is a short form of cricket designed to attract new audiences to the game with simplified rules, which was originally created by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) for its new city-based competition The Hundred.
Welsh Fire are a franchise 100-ball cricket side representing the Welsh county of Glamorgan as well as the English historic counties of Somerset and Gloucestershire. The side competes in the newly founded The Hundred competition for the 2020 English and Welsh cricket season. Both the men's and women's team will play at Sophia Gardens in Cardiff.
Birmingham Phoenix are a franchise 100-ball cricket side representing the historic counties of Warwickshire and Worcestershire in the newly founded The Hundred competition for the 2020 English and Welsh cricket season. Both the men's and women's sides will play at Edgbaston.
Northern Superchargers are a franchise 100-ball cricket side representing the historic counties of Yorkshire, County Durham and Northumberland in the newly founded The Hundred competition for the 2020 English and Welsh cricket season. Both the men's and women's side will play their home mach at Headingley.
Oval Invincibles are a franchise 100-ball cricket side representing the historic counties of Surrey and Kent in the newly founded The Hundred competition for the 2020 English and Welsh cricket season. Both the men's side and the women's side will play at The Oval.
Trent Rockets are a franchise 100-ball cricket side representing the historic counties of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Leicestershire in the newly founded The Hundred competition for the 2020 English and Welsh cricket season. Both the men's and women's sides will play at Trent Bridge.
The 2020 Bob Willis Trophy was a first-class cricket tournament held in the 2020 English cricket season. It was separate from the County Championship, which was not held in 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United Kingdom. The eighteen county cricket teams were split into three regional groups of six, with the two group winners with the most points advancing to a final held at Lord's. The maximum number of overs bowled in a day was reduced from 96 to 90, and the team's first innings could be no longer than 120 overs.
The South Africa women's cricket team were scheduled to tour England to play the England women's cricket team in September 2020. The tour was scheduled to consist of four Women's One Day Internationals (WODIs) and two Women's Twenty20 Internationals (WT20Is), with all the matches taking place at the County Cricket Ground in Derby. However, in August 2020, the tour was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The 2020 English cricket season was originally scheduled to run between 2 April and 25 September. It was planned to have first-class, one-day and Twenty20 cricket competitions throughout England and Wales and as well as the launch of a new franchised 100 ball competition, The Hundred; it would have been the 131st year in which the County Championship has been an official competition.
The 2021 Vitality Blast is scheduled to be the 2021 season of the t20 Blast, a professional Twenty20 cricket league being played in England and Wales. It will be the fourth season in which the domestic T20 competition, run by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), will be branded as the Vitality Blast due to the tournament's sponsorship deal. The Notts Outlaws are the defending champions.
The 2021 Women's Regional T20 is the upcoming first edition of the Women's Regional T20, an English women's cricket Twenty20 domestic competition, which will take place between 26 June and 5 September 2021. It will feature eight teams playing in two double round-robin groups, followed by a Finals Day. The tournament will run alongside the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Trophy.
The 2021 season of The Hundred will be the inaugural season of The Hundred, a professional franchise 100-ball cricket tournament involving eight men's and women's teams located in major cities across England and Wales. The tournament will be run by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) and will take place for the first time, having been delayed a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.