List of England Test cricket records

Last updated

Former captain Alastair Cook, pictured in 2016, holds several England Test cricket records. Alastair Cook vs Upminster CC.jpg
Former captain Alastair Cook, pictured in 2016, holds several England Test cricket records.

Test cricket is the oldest form of cricket played at international level. [1] A Test match is scheduled to take place over a period of five days, [lower-alpha 1] [lower-alpha 2] and is played by teams representing full member nations of the International Cricket Council (ICC). [5] [6] England was a founding member of the ICC, having played the first Test match against Australia in March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. [7] As of February 2021, they have played more Test matches than any other team, and of their 1,030 games, have won 376, drawn 349, and lost 305. [8] With 36.50 percent of matches won, this makes England the third most successful team in the history of Test cricket, behind Australia on 47.24 percent and South Africa on 37.78 percent. [8] [lower-alpha 3]

Contents

Opening batsman and former captain Alastair Cook holds several England Test cricket records. Playing between 2006 and 2018, he scored 12,472 runs, making him the only England player to score 10,000 Test runs. [9] He scored a record 57 half-centuries and 33 centuries. [10] [11] As a slip fielder, Cook has also taken the most catches for England with 175 [12] and holds the England record for the most catches taken in a Test series with 13. [13] Captaining his side from 2010 until he stood down in 2016, Cook holds the record for the most matches played as English skipper with 59, the Test record for the most consecutive matches played with 159. [14] [15]

The most successful Test wicket-taker for England is James Anderson, [16] who made his Test debut in 2003 and is currently still active. As of 9 February 2021, he has played in a total of 161 Test matches and taken a record 614 wickets for a fast bowler at Test level. [17] He also holds the record for the most matches played for England with 162. [18] He has also picked up five wickets in an innings on 30 occasions, which is more for the national side than any other player in Test history. [19] The corresponding record for taking ten wickets in a match is held by Sydney Barnes, who achieved this feat 7 times. He also holds the international record for the most wickets taken in a Test series, having removed members of the opposing side no less than 49 times during the England tour of South Africa in 1913–14. [20] [21] Alan Knott is England's most successful wicket-keeper, having a hand in 269 dismissals. [22] England claims two age records, James Southerton as the oldest player to make his Test debut at 49 and Wilfred Rhodes aged 52 as the oldest cricketer to ever play in a Test match. [23] [24]

Key

The top five records are listed for each category, except for the team wins, losses and draws and the partnership records. Tied records for fifth place are also included. Explanations of the general symbols and cricketing terms used in the list are given below. Specific details are provided in each category where appropriate. All records include matches played for England only, and are correct as of February 2021.

Key
SymbolMeaning
Dagger-14-plain.pngPlayer or umpire is currently active in Test cricket
*Player remained not out or partnership remained unbroken
Test cricket record
dInnings was declared (e.g. 903/7d)
DateStarting date of the Test match
InningsNumber of innings played
MatchesNumber of matches played
OppositionThe team England was playing against
PeriodThe time period when the player was active in Test cricket
PlayerThe player involved in the record
Venue Test cricket ground where the match was played

Team records

Team wins, losses and draws

As of June 2021, England have played 1,036 Test matches resulting in 377 victories, 309 defeats and 350 draws for an overall winning percentage of 36.38, the third highest winning percentage of Test playing teams. [8] [lower-alpha 3] England has played the highest number of Test matches, ahead of Australia who have competed in 832. [8] England is undefeated against Ireland and have defeated Bangladesh on all but one occasion. [25] England played in the debut Test matches of Australia, India, New Zealand, South Africa, Sri Lanka and the West Indies – winning all of them except against Australia. [26]

OppositionFirst TestMatchesWonLostDrawnTied % Won
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 15 March 1877 [27] 35111014695031.33
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 21 October 2003 [28] 10910090.00
Flag of India.svg  India 25 June 1932 [29] 126482949038.09
Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland 24 July 2019 [30] 11000100.00
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 10 January 1930 [31] 107481247044.85
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 10 June 1954 [32] 86262139030.23
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 12 March 1889 [33] 153643455041.83
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 17 February 1982 [34] 3617811047.22
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 23 June 1928 [35] 160515851031.87
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 18 December 1996 [36] 6303050.00
Total1,036377309350036.38
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [8] [25]

Team scoring records

Most runs in an innings

The highest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the series between Sri Lanka and India in August 1997. Playing in the first Test at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo, the hosts posted a first innings total of 952/6d. This broke the longstanding record of 903/7d which England set against Australia in the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval. This in turn broke England's 849 all out against the West Indies in 1930. [37]

RankScoreOppositionVenueDate
1903/7dFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
2849WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
3710/7dFlag of India.svg  India Edgbaston, Birmingham, England10 August 2011
4658/8dFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England10 June 1938
5654/5Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa3 March 1939
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [38]

Highest successful run chases

The highest successful run chase came in the West Indies victory over Australia in May 2003 at the Antigua Recreation Ground. Set 418 for victory in the final innings, the hosts achieved the target for the loss of seven wickets. England's highest successful chase came in the third Test of the 2019 Ashes series against Australia at Headingley. England reached the target of 359 runs with one wicket in hand. England have successfully chased a target of over 300 runs only four times in Test matches. [39] [40]

RankScoreTargetOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
1362/9359Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Headingley, Leeds, England22 August 2019
2332/7332Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia29 December 1928
3315/4315Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Headingley, Leeds, England16 August 2001
4307/6305Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Lancaster Park, Christchurch, New Zealand14 February 1997
5298/4297Australian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia1 March 1895
Last updated: 1 September 2019 [39]

Fewest runs in an innings

The lowest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the second Test of England's tour of New Zealand in March 1955. Trailing England by 46, New Zealand were bowled out in their second innings for 26 runs. [42] The equal twelfth-lowest score in Test history is England's total of 45 scored in their first innings against Australia in the first Test of the 1886–87 Ashes series. [43]

RankScoreOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
145Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia28 January 1887
246WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago25 March 1994
351WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica4 February 2009
452Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England14 August 1948
553Australian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Lord's, London, England16 July 1888
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [44]

Result records

In 1938, Wally Hammond led England to victory over Australia by an innings and 579 runs, the greatest winning margin by an innings in Test cricket. Wally Hammond c1930.jpg
In 1938, Wally Hammond led England to victory over Australia by an innings and 579 runs, the greatest winning margin by an innings in Test cricket.

A Test match is won when one side has scored more runs than the total runs scored by the opposing side during their two innings. If both sides have completed both their allocated innings and the side that fielded last has the higher aggregate of runs, it is known as a win by runs. This indicates the number of runs that they had scored more than the opposing side. If one side scores more runs in a single innings than the total runs scored by the other side in both their innings, it is known as a win by an innings and runs. If the side batting last wins the match, it is known as a win by wickets, indicating the number of wickets that were still to fall. [47]

Greatest win margins (by innings)

The fifth Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval saw England win by an innings and 579 runs, the largest victory by an innings in Test cricket history. The next largest victory was Australia's win against South Africa in the first Test of the 2001–02 tour at the Wanderers Stadium, where the tourists won by an innings and 360 runs. [46]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1Innings and 579 runs Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
2Innings and 285 runsFlag of India.svg  India Lord's, London, England20 June 1974
3Innings and 283 runsWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Headingley, Leeds, England25 May 2007
4Innings and 261 runsFlag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Lord's, London, England26 May 2005
5Innings and 244 runsFlag of India.svg  India The Oval, London, England15 August 2014
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [48]

Greatest win margins (by runs)

The greatest winning margin by runs in Test cricket was England's victory over Australia by 675 runs in the first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series. The next two largest victories were recorded by Australia including defeat over England in the final Test of the 1934 Ashes series by 562 runs. [49]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1675 runs Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Brisbane Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Australia30 November 1928
2354 runsFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England29 July 2010
3347 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Lord's, London, England18 July 2013
4338 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia13 January 1933
5330 runsFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England22 July 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [48]

Greatest win margins (by 10 wickets)

England have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 20 occasions, the third highest behind Australia on 29 and the West Indies on 26. [48] [50] [51] [lower-alpha 5]

RankVictoriesOppositionMost recent venueDate
16Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Lord's, London, England21 June 1951
24Flag of India.svg  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India23 November 2012
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Lord's, London, England6 May 2009
43Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia2 December 1932
52Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England10 August 1967
61Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England13 June 2002
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [48]

Narrowest win margins (by runs)

Michael Vaughan led England to victory over Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series by a margin of two runs. Michael Vaughan600.jpg
Michael Vaughan led England to victory over Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series by a margin of two runs.

England's narrowest win by runs was against Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series at Edgbaston. Set 282 runs for victory in the final innings, Australia were bowled all out for 279 to give victory to the hosts by two runs. [57] This was the second-narrowest win in Test cricket, with the narrowest being the West Indies' one-run win over Australia in 1993. [59]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
12 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Edgbaston, Birmingham, England4 August 2005
23 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 1982
310 runsAustralian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia14 December 1894
412 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia1 February 1929
Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [60]

Narrowest win margins (by wickets)

Archie MacLaren led the English team that lost the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series by a margin of three runs and won the fifth Test by a margin of one wicket. Both records still stand over a century later as England's narrowest win by wickets and narrowest loss by runs, respectively. Archie MacLaren.jpg
Archie MacLaren led the English team that lost the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series by a margin of three runs and won the fifth Test by a margin of one wicket. Both records still stand over a century later as England's narrowest win by wickets and narrowest loss by runs, respectively.

England have won by a margin of one wicket on four occasions, the most recent being the third Test of the 2019 Ashes series at Headingley. This match saw the hosts achieving their highest successful run chase in Test cricket of 359 runs, [64] one of only fourteen one-wicket victories in Test cricket. [60] [65]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
11 wicketFlag of Australia (1901-1903).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England11 August 1902
Flag of Australia (1903-1908).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia1 January 1908
Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa1 January 1923
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Headingley, Leeds, England22 August 2019
52 wicketsAustralian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia The Oval, London, England11 August 1890
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa16 December 1948
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Centurion Park, Centurion, South Africa14 January 2000
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Lord's, London, England29 June 2000
Last updated: 1 September 2019 [60]

Greatest loss margins (by innings)

England suffered their greatest defeat by an innings at The Gabba in the first Test of the 1946–47 Ashes series, the first Test match to be played in Australia after the Second World War. [66] [67] Going down to the hosts by an innings and 332 runs, this is the fourth-heaviest defeat in Test cricket history. [46]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1Innings and 332 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia29 November 1946
2Innings and 226 runsWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Lord's, London, England23 August 1973
3Innings and 215 runsFlag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Singhalese Sports Club Cricket Ground, Colombo, Sri Lanka18 December 2003
4Innings and 200 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 February 1937
5Innings and 180 runsWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England14 June 1984
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England10 August 1989
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [68]

Greatest loss margins (by runs)

The first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series saw Australia defeated by England by 675 runs, the greatest losing margin by runs in Test cricket. The results were reversed in the fifth and final Test of the 1934 Ashes series at The Oval where the tourists defeated the hosts by 562 runs, England's greatest defeat by runs. [49]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1562 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England18 August 1934
2425 runsWestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England8 July 1976
3409 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Lord's, London, England24 June 1948
4405 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Lord's, London, England16 July 2015
5384 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia7 November 2002
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [68]

Greatest loss margins (by 10 wickets)

England have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 23 occasions, more than any other Test playing team. [68] [lower-alpha 6]

RankDefeatsOppositionMost recent venueDate
17Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia23 November 2017
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, North Sound, Antigua and Barbuda31 January 2019
34Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan The Oval, London, England11 August 2016
43Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England18 July 2008
52Flag of India.svg  India Narendra Modi Stadium, Ahmedabad, India24 February 2021
61Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka The Oval, London, England27 August 1998
Last updated: 25 February 2021 [68]

Narrowest loss margins (by runs)

Pelham Warner was the captain of the English team that lost the first Test against South Africa in January 1906 by a margin of one wicket, the narrowest loss for England by wickets. Warner stance 2.jpg
Pelham Warner was the captain of the English team that lost the first Test against South Africa in January 1906 by a margin of one wicket, the narrowest loss for England by wickets.

Only one match in 144 years of Test cricket has been decided by a margin of one run, the fourth Test of the West Indian tour of Australia in 1992–93 where the visitors secured victory. The equal third narrowest defeat was England's loss in the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series at Old Trafford. Requiring 32 runs to win with six wickets in hand, England lost the match by a margin of three runs. [59] [79] [80]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
13 runsFlag of Australia (1901-1903).svg  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England24 July 1902
26 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia20 February 1885
37 runsAustralian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia The Oval, London, England28 August 1882
411 runsFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia16 January 1925
517 runsFlag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa15 February 1957
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [63]

Narrowest loss margins (by wickets)

Test cricket has seen fourteen matches decided by a margin of one wicket, with England being defeated in one of them. [65] The first Test of the 1905–06 series against South Africa at Old Wanderers saw the home side chase down the target of 284 runs in the final innings. [81]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 4] [lower-alpha 7] VenueDate
11 wicketFlag of the Cape Colony 1876-1910.svg  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa2 January 1906
22 wicketsFlag of Australia (1903-1908).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia13 December 1907
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England5 June 1980
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Lord's London, England18 June 1992
53 wicketsAustralian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England16 July 1896
Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England7 July 1955
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan2 March 1984
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago5 February 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [63]

Individual records

Len Hutton has scored the highest individual Test score (364) for England. Len Hutton c1938.jpg
Len Hutton has scored the highest individual Test score (364) for England.

Batting records

Most career runs

A run is the basic means of scoring in cricket. A run is scored when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and with his partner runs the length of 22 yards (20 m) of the pitch. [84]

India's Sachin Tendulkar has scored the most runs in Test cricket with 15,921. Second is Ricky Ponting of Australia with 13,378 ahead of Jacques Kallis from South Africa in third with 13,289. Alastair Cook, the only England batsman who has scored more than 10,000 runs in Test cricket, is in fifth with 12,472. [9]

RankRunsPlayerMatchesInningsPeriod
112,472 Alastair Cook 1612912006–2018
28,900 Graham Gooch 1182151975–1995
38,714 Joe Root Dagger-14-plain.png1051932012–2021
48,463 Alec Stewart 1332351990–2003
58,231 David Gower 1172041978–1992
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [83]

Highest individual score

The final Test of the 2003–04 series of the Wisden Trophy, contested between England and the West Indies, at the Antigua Recreation Ground saw Brian Lara of the West Indies set the highest Test score with 400 not out. [85] Len Hutton's score of 364 runs against Australia during the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval is the sixth highest individual score in Test cricket and the highest by an England player. Wally Hammond's 336, scored against New Zealand in 1933, is the third highest not out Test innings and the ninth highest overall. [86] Hutton's, Hammond's and Andy Sandham's 325 against the West Indies in 1930 were Test record scores at the time they were scored. [87]

RankRunsPlayerOppositionVenueDate
1364 Len Hutton Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
2336* Wally Hammond Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand31 March 1933
3333 Graham Gooch Flag of India.svg  India Lord's, London, England26 July 1990
4325 Andy Sandham WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
5310* John Edrich Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [88]

Highest career average

Herbert Sutcliffe has the highest career batting average for England with 60.73. Herbert Sutcliffe 1933.jpg
Herbert Sutcliffe has the highest career batting average for England with 60.73.

A batsman's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been dismissed. [90]

Australia's Don Bradman, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time, finished his Test career with an average of 99.94. [91] With 60.73, Herbert Sutcliffe is one of only five batsmen to finish his international career with an average above 60. [lower-alpha 8] [92]

RankAveragePlayerRunsInningsNot outPeriod
160.73 Herbert Sutcliffe 4,5558491924–1935
259.23 Eddie Paynter 1,5403151931–1939
358.67 Ken Barrington 6,806131151955–1968
458.45 Wally Hammond 7,249140161927–1947
556.94 Jack Hobbs 5,41010271908–1930
Qualification: 20 innings. Last updated: 7 October 2019 [89]

Most half-centuries

A half-century is a score of between 50 and 99 runs. Statistically, once a batsman's score reaches 100, it is no longer considered a half-century but a century.

Sachin Tendulkar of India has scored the most half-centuries in Test cricket with 68. He is followed by the West Indies' Shivnarine Chanderpaul on 66, India's Rahul Dravid and Allan Border of Australia are third on 63 and in seventh with 57 fifties to his name, England's Alastair Cook. [93]

RankHalf centuriesPlayerInningsRunsPeriod
157 Alastair Cook 29112,4722006–2018
249 Joe Root Dagger-14-plain.png1938,7142012–2021
346 Ian Bell 2057,7272004–2015
Michael Atherton 2127,7281989–2001
Graham Gooch 2158,9001975–1995
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [10]

Most centuries

A century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings.

Tendulkar has also scored the most centuries in Test cricket with 51. South Africa's Jacques Kallis is next on 45 and Ricky Ponting with 41 hundreds is in third. The highest ranked England players are Alastair Cook in tenth with 33 centuries and Kevin Pietersen who finished his international career with 23 centuries is in equal twenty-seventh. [94]

RankCenturiesPlayerInningsRunsPeriod
133 Alastair Cook 29112,4722006–2018
223 Kevin Pietersen 1818,1812005–2014
322 Wally Hammond 1407,2491927–1947
Colin Cowdrey 1887,6241954–1975
Geoffrey Boycott 1938,1141964–1982
Ian Bell 2057,7272004–2015
Last updated: 7 October 2019 [11]

Most double centuries

Wally Hammond has scored the most double centuries for England with seven and holds the England record for the most runs scored in a series with 905 runs during the 1928-29 Ashes series. Wally Hammond.jpg
Wally Hammond has scored the most double centuries for England with seven and holds the England record for the most runs scored in a series with 905 runs during the 1928–29 Ashes series.

A double century is a score of 200 or more runs in a single innings.

Bradman holds the Test record for the most double centuries scored with twelve, one ahead of Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who finished his career with eleven. In third place is Brian Lara of the West Indies with nine. England's Wally Hammond and Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka have both reached the mark on seven occasions. [95]

RankDouble centuriesPlayerInningsRunsPeriod
17 Wally Hammond 1407,2491927–1947
25 Alastair Cook 29112,4722006–2018
Joe Root Dagger-14-plain.png1938,7142012–2021
44 Len Hutton 1386,9711937–1955
53 Kevin Pietersen 1818,1812005–2014
Last updated: 6 June 2021 [97]

Most triple centuries

A triple century is a score of 300 or more runs in a single innings.

Four cricketers hold the Test record for the most triple centuries scored with two – Don Bradman, India's Virender Sehwag and West Indians Chris Gayle and Brian Lara. [98] Five England players have scored a single Test triple century with former captain Graham Gooch the most recent to do so in 1990, as of December 2020. [99]

RankTriple centuriesPlayerInningsRunsPeriod
11 Andy Sandham 238791921–1930
John Edrich 1275,1381963–1976
Len Hutton 1386,9711937–1955
Wally Hammond 1407,2491927–1947
Graham Gooch 2158,9001975–1995
Last updated: 7 October 2019 [100]

Most runs in a series

The 1930 Ashes series in England saw Bradman set the record for the most runs scored in a single series, falling just 26 short of 1,000 runs. He is followed by Wally Hammond with 905 runs scored in the 1928–29 Ashes series. Alastair Cook's 766 runs scored during the 2010–11 Ashes series ranks in 14th. [96]

RankRunsPlayerMatchesInningsSeries
1905 Wally Hammond 59 1928–29 Ashes series
2766 Alastair Cook 57 2010–11 Ashes series
3753 Denis Compton 58 South African cricket team in England in 1947
4752 Graham Gooch 36 Indian cricket team in England in 1990
5734 Herbert Sutcliffe 59 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [101]

Most ducks

A duck refers to a batsman being dismissed without scoring a run. [102] Former West Indian fast bowler Courtney Walsh has the highest number of ducks in Test cricket with 43, followed by New Zealand's Chris Martin and England's Stuart Broad, with 37 scoreless innings. James Anderson, with 28, is ninth on the list. [103]

RankDucksPlayerMatchesInningsPeriod
137 Stuart Broad Dagger-14-plain.png1482162007–2021
228 James Anderson Dagger-14-plain.png1622262003–2021
320 Monty Panesar 50682006–2013
Steve Harmison 62842002–2009
Michael Atherton 1152121989–2001
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [104]

Bowling records

James Anderson holds the record for the most wickets taken by a fast bowler in Test cricket with 617. JIMMY ANDERSON.jpg
James Anderson holds the record for the most wickets taken by a fast bowler in Test cricket with 617.

Most career wickets

A bowler takes the wicket of a batsman when the form of dismissal is bowled, caught, leg before wicket, stumped or hit wicket. If the batsman is dismissed by run out, obstructing the field, handling the ball, hitting the ball twice or timed out the bowler does not receive credit.

Sri Lankan bowler Muttiah Muralitharan holds the record for taking the most wickets in Test cricket with 800, followed by Australia's Shane Warne who previously held the record with 708. [105] [106] James Anderson of England is fourth on the list with 616 Test wickets to his name as of June 2021 and in September 2018 he passed Australia's Glenn McGrath to become the fast bowler with the most Test wickets. [17] [107] Stuart Broad, with 523, is the second-highest England Test wicket-taker and sixth overall. [105]

RankWicketsPlayerMatchesInningsRunsPeriod
1617 James Anderson  Dagger-14-plain.png16230116,4572003–2021
2523 Stuart Broad Dagger-14-plain.png14827214,5022007–2021
3383 Ian Botham 10216810,8781977–1992
4325 Bob Willis 901658,1901971–1984
5307 Fred Trueman 671276,6251952–1965
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [16]

Best figures in an innings

Bowling figures refers to the number of the wickets a bowler has taken and the number of runs conceded. [108]

There have been two occasions in Test cricket where a bowler has taken all ten wickets in a single innings – Jim Laker of England took 10/53 against Australia in 1956 and India's Anil Kumble in 1999 returned figures of 10/74 against Pakistan. George Lohmann, one of fifteen bowlers who have taken nine wickets in a Test match innings, sits third on the list taking figures of 9/28 against South Africa in 1896. [109]

RankFiguresPlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 7] VenueDate
110/53  Jim Laker Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester, England26 July 1956
29/28 George Lohmann Flag of the Cape Colony 1876-1910.svg  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa2 March 1896
39/37 Jim Laker Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester, England26 July 1956
49/57 Devon Malcolm Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa The Oval, London, England18 August 1994
59/103 Sydney Barnes Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa26 December 1913
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [110]

Best figures in a match

A bowler's bowling figures in a match is the sum of the wickets taken and the runs conceded over both innings.

No bowler in the history of Test cricket has taken all 20 wickets in a match. The closest to do so was English spin bowler Jim Laker. During the fourth Test of the 1956 Ashes series, Laker took 9/37 in the first innings and 10/53 in the second to finish with match figures of 19/90. [111] Sydney Barnes's figures of 17/159, taken in the second Test of the 1913–14 South African tour, is the second-best in Test cricket history. [112]

RankFiguresPlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 7] VenueDate
119/90  Jim Laker Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Old Trafford, Manchester, England26 July 1956
217/159 Sydney Barnes Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa26 December 1913
315/28 Johnny Briggs Flag of the Cape Colony 1876-1910.svg  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa25 March 1889
415/45 George Lohmann Flag of the Cape Colony 1876-1910.svg  South Africa St George's Park Cricket Ground, Port Elizabeth, South Africa13 February 1896
515/99 Colin Blythe Flag of the Cape Colony 1876-1910.svg  South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England29 July 1907
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [113]

Best career average

George Lohmann holds the record for the best Test career bowling average and strike rate, with figures of 10.75 and 34.1, respectively. George Lohmann 1895b.jpg
George Lohmann holds the record for the best Test career bowling average and strike rate, with figures of 10.75 and 34.1, respectively.

A bowler's bowling average is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of wickets they have taken.

Nineteenth century English medium pacer George Lohmann holds the record for the best career average in Test cricket with 10.75. J. J. Ferris, one of fifteen cricketers to have played Test cricket for more than one team, [116] is second behind Lohmann with an overall career average of 12.70 runs per wicket. Billy Barnes is third on the list, finishing his Test career with an average of 15.54. [114]

RankAveragePlayerWicketsRunsBallsPeriod
110.75  George Lohmann 1121,2053,8301886–1896
215.54 Billy Barnes 517932,2891880–1890
316.42 Billy Bates 508212,3641881–1887
416.43 Sydney Barnes 1893,1067,8731901–1914
516.98 Bobby Peel 1011,7155,2161884–1896
Qualification: 2,000 deliveries. Last updated: 30 July 2018 [117]

Best career strike rate

A bowler's strike rate is the total number of balls they have bowled divided by the number of wickets they have taken. [102]

As with the career average above, the top two bowlers with the best Test career strike rate are George Lohmann and J. J. Ferris, with Lohmann on 34.1 and Ferris with an overall career strike rate of 37.7 balls per wicket. [115]

RankStrike ratePlayerWicketsBallsRunsPeriod
134.1  George Lohmann 1123,8301,2051886–1896
241.6 Sydney Barnes 1897,8733,1061901–1914
344.8 Billy Barnes 512,2897931880–1890
445.1 Johnny Briggs 1185,3322,0951884–1899
545.4 Frank Tyson 763,4521,4111954–1959
Qualification: 2,000 deliveries. Last updated: 30 July 2018 [118]

Best career economy rate

William Attewell finished his career with an economy rate of 1.31, a Test cricket record. William Attewell c1895.jpg
William Attewell finished his career with an economy rate of 1.31, a Test cricket record.

A bowler's economy rate is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of overs they have bowled. [102]

English bowler William Attewell, who played 10 Tests between 1884 and 1892, holds the Test record for the best career economy rate with 1.31. Cliff Gladwin, with a rate of 1.60 runs per over conceded over his 8-match Test career, is second on the list. [119]

RankEconomy ratePlayerRunsBallsWicketsPeriod
11.31  William Attewell 6262,850281884–1892
21.60 Cliff Gladwin 5712,129151947–1949
31.85 Roy Kilner 7342,368241924–1926
41.87 Dick Barlow 7672,456341881–1887
51.88 Hedley Verity 3,51011,1731441931–1939
Qualification: 2,000 balls. Last updated: 30 July 2018 [120]

Most five-wicket hauls in an innings

Ian Botham is second to James Anderson for the England record for the most Test five-wicket hauls. Ian Botham headshot.jpg
Ian Botham is second to James Anderson for the England record for the most Test five-wicket hauls.

A five-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking five wickets in a single innings. [121]

Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan has taken the most five-wicket hauls in Test cricket with 67 throughout his career followed by Shane Warne achieving 37. James Anderson is the highest ranked England player with 30. [122]

RankFive-wicket haulsPlayerInningsBallsWicketsPeriod
130 James Anderson Dagger-14-plain.png30134,7916172003–2021
227 Ian Botham 16821,8153831977–1992
324 Sydney Barnes 507,8731891901–1914
418 Stuart Broad Dagger-14-plain.png27229,7135232007–2021
517 Fred Trueman 12715,1783071952–1965
Graeme Swann 10915,3492552008–2013
Derek Underwood 15121,8622971966–1982
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [19]

Most ten-wicket hauls in a match

A ten-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking ten or more wickets in a match over two innings.

As with the five-wicket hauls above, Muttiah Muralitharan leads Shane Warne in taking the most ten-wicket hauls in Test cricket with Muralitharan having taken 22 to Warne's 10. Sydney Barnes of England is in equal sixth with three other bowlers, each achieving the feat on seven occasions. [123]

RankTen-wicket haulsPlayerMatchesBallsWicketsPeriod
17 Sydney Barnes 277,8731891901–1914
26 Derek Underwood 8621,8622971966–1982
35 George Lohmann 183,8301121886–1896
Alec Bedser 5115,9182361946–1955
54 Tom Richardson 144,498881893–1898
Colin Blythe 194,5461001901–1910
Johnny Briggs 335,3321181884–1899
Ian Botham 10221,8153831977–1992
Last updated: 11 August 2019 [20]

Worst figures in an innings

The worst figures in a single innings in Test cricket came in the third Test between the West Indies at home to Pakistan in 1958. Pakistan's Khan Mohammad returned figures of 0/259 from his 54 overs in the second innings of the match. [124] [125] The worst figures by an England player are 0/169 that came off the bowling of Tich Freeman in his final Test appearance. [126] [127]

RankFiguresPlayerOversOppositionVenueDate
10/169 Tich Freeman 49Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa The Oval, London, England17 August 1929
20/163 Adil Rashid 34Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates13 October 2015
30/155 Moeen Ali 52Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa2 January 2016
40/152 Pat Pocock 57WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica16 February 1974
50/151 Graeme Swann 52Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa The Oval, London, England19 July 2012
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [128]

Worst figures in a match

The worst figures in a match in Test cricket were taken by South Africa's Imran Tahir in the second Test against Australia at the Adelaide Oval in November 2012. He returned figures of 0/180 from his 23 overs in the first innings and 0/80 off 14 in the third innings for a total of 0/260 from 37 overs. [129] He claimed the record in his final over when two runs came from it – enough for him to pass the previous record of 0/259, set 54 years prior. [130] [131] [132]

The worst figures by an England player came in the fourth Test of the 1989–90 tour of the West Indies when Devon Malcolm returned figures of 0/142 and 0/46 for a total of 0/188 off 43 overs. [133]

RankFiguresPlayerOversOppositionVenueDate
10/188 Devon Malcolm 43WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados5 April 1990
20/184 Ian Salisbury 33Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Old Trafford, Manchester, England2 July 1992
30/184 Maurice Tate 100Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia8 March 1929
40/169 Tich Freeman 49Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa The Oval, London, England17 August 1929
50/166 Hedley Verity 57Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England18 August 1934
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [134]

Most wickets in a series

Sydney Barnes took 49 wickets in the 1913-14 series against South Africa, the most by any cricketer in a Test series. Sydney Francis Barnes 1910.jpg
Sydney Barnes took 49 wickets in the 1913–14 series against South Africa, the most by any cricketer in a Test series.

England's seventh Test tour of South Africa in 1913–14 saw the record set for the most wickets taken by a bowler in a Test series. English paceman Sydney Barnes played in four of the five matches and achieved a total of 49 wickets to his name. Jim Laker sits second on the list with 46 wickets taken during the 1956 Ashes series. [21]

RankWicketsPlayerMatchesSeries
149  Sydney Barnes 4 English cricket team in South Africa in 1913–14
246 Jim Laker 5 1956 Ashes series
339 Sydney Barnes 6 1912 Triangular Tournament
Alec Bedser 5 1953 Ashes series
538 Maurice Tate 5 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [135]

Wicket-keeping records

The wicket-keeper is a specialist fielder who stands behind the stumps being guarded by the batsman on strike and is the only member of the fielding side allowed to wear gloves and leg pads. [136]

Most career dismissals

A wicket-keeper can be credited with the dismissal of a batsman in two ways, caught or stumped. A fair catch is taken when the ball is caught fully within the field of play without it bouncing after the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat, [137] [138] while a stumping occurs when the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman is out of his ground and not attempting a run. [139]

South Africa's Mark Boucher has taken the most dismissals in Test cricket as a designated wicket-keeper with 555, followed by Adam Gilchrist of Australia on 416. England's Alan Knott, who took 269 dismissals during his 95-Test match career, is eighth on the list. He is followed by his compatriots Matt Prior and Alec Stewart in ninth and tenth with 256 and 241 dismissals respectively. [140]

RankDismissalsPlayerMatchesPeriod
1269 Alan Knott 951967–1981
2256 Matt Prior 792007–2014
3241 Alec Stewart 1331990–2003
4219 Godfrey Evans 911946–1959
5186 Jonny Bairstow  Dagger-14-plain.png722012–2021
Last updated: 25 January 2021 [22]

Most career catches

Matt Prior sits second behind Alan Knott for the most Test dismissals and catches taken by an England wicket-keeper. Matt prior.jpg
Matt Prior sits second behind Alan Knott for the most Test dismissals and catches taken by an England wicket-keeper.

Boucher also leads Gilchrist in the number of catches taken as a designated wicket-keeper in Test cricket, 532 to 379. Alan Knott, with 250 catches to his name is eighth on this list. He is again followed by Prior and Stewart in ninth and tenth with 243 and 227 catches respectively. [141]

RankCatchesPlayerMatchesPeriod
1250 Alan Knott 951967–1981
2243 Matt Prior 792007–2014
3227 Alec Stewart 1331990–2003
4173 Jonny Bairstow Dagger-14-plain.png722012–2021
Godfrey Evans 911946–1959
Last updated: 25 January 2021 [142]

Most career stumpings

Australia's Bert Oldfield holds the record for the most stumpings in Test cricket with 52. He is followed by Godfrey Evans of England with 46 to his name. [143]

RankStumpingsPlayerMatchesPeriod
146 Godfrey Evans 911946–1955
223 Les Ames 441929–1939
322 Dick Lilley 351896–1909
419 Alan Knott 951967–1981
515 George Duckworth 241924–1936
Last updated: 7 October 2019 [144]

Most dismissals in an innings

Four wicket-keepers have taken seven dismissals in a single innings in a Test match—Wasim Bari of Pakistan in 1979, Englishman Bob Taylor in 1980, New Zealand's Ian Smith in 1991 and most recently West Indian gloveman Ridley Jacobs against Australia in 2000. [145]

The feat of taking 6 dismissals in an innings has been achieved by 24 wicket-keepers on 32 occasions including 7 Englishmen on 11 occasions. [146]

RankDismissalsPlayerOppositionVenueDate
17  Bob Taylor Flag of India.svg  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India15 February 1980
26 John Murray Flag of India.svg  India Lord's, London, England22 June 1967
Jack Russell Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 1990
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa30 November 1995
Alec Stewart Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England3 July 1997
Chris Read Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Edgbaston, Birmingham, England1 July 1999
Geraint Jones Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street, England3 June 2005
Chris Read Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 2006
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia2 January 2007
Matt Prior Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 2010
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Lord's, London, England16 August 2012
Jonny Bairstow  Dagger-14-plain.pngFlag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa14 January 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [147]

Most dismissals in a series

Brad Haddin holds the Test cricket record for the most dismissals taken by a wicket-keeper in a series. He took 29 catches during the 2013 Ashes series which broke the previous record held by fellow Australian Rod Marsh when he took 28 catches in the 1982–83 Ashes series. Jack Russell of England is equal third with 27 dismissals taken during the 1995–96 tour of South Africa. [148]

RankDismissalsPlayerMatchesInningsSeries
127 Jack Russell 57 English cricket team in South Africa in 1995–96
224 Alan Knott 612 1970–71 Ashes series
323 Alec Stewart 58 South African cricket team in England in 1998
Matt Prior 510 2010–11 Ashes series
Alec Stewart 610 1997 Ashes series
Alan Knott 612 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [149]

Fielding records

Most career catches

Caught is one of the nine methods a batsman can be dismissed in cricket. [lower-alpha 9] A fair catch is defined as a fielder catching the ball, from a legal delivery, fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat. [137] [138] The majority of catches are caught in the slips, located behind the batsman, next to the wicket-keeper, on the off side of the field. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen. [151] [152]

India's Rahul Dravid holds the record for the most catches in Test cricket by a non-wicket-keeper with 210, followed by Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka on 205 and South African Jacques Kallis with 200. Former captain Alastair Cook is the highest ranked England player in sixth, securing 175 catches in his Test career. [153]

RankCatchesPlayerMatchesPeriod
1175 Alastair Cook 1612006–2018
2135 Joe Root Dagger-14-plain.png1052012–2021
3121 Andrew Strauss 1002004–2012
4120 Ian Botham 1021977–1992
Colin Cowdrey 1141954–1975
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [12]

Most catches in a series

The 1920–21 Ashes series, in which Australia whitewashed England 5–0 for the first time, [154] saw the record set for the most catches taken by a non-wicket-keeper in a Test series. Australian all-rounder Jack Gregory took 15 catches in the series as well as 23 wickets. [155] Greg Chappell and KL Rahul are joint second behind Gregory with 14 catches taken during the 1974–75 Ashes series and the 2018 India tour of England respectively. The same series saw Alastair Cook become the highest placed England player in equal fourth with 13 catches taken alongside Bob Simpson, Brian Lara and Rahul Dravid. [156]

RankCatchesPlayerMatchesInningsSeries
113 Alastair Cook 510 Indian cricket team in England in 2018
212 Jack Ikin 36 South African cricket team in England in 1951
Ben Stokes 48 English cricket team in South Africa in 2019–20
Wally Hammond 59 1934 Ashes series
Len Braund 510 1901–02 Ashes series
Ian Botham 612 1981 Ashes series
Tony Greig 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 27 January 2020 [13]

Other records

Most career matches

India's Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for the most Test matches played with 200, with former captains Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh being joint second with each having represented Australia on 168 occasions. Alastair Cook, is seventh and the most capped England Test cricketer having played 161 matches. [157]

RankMatchesPlayerPeriod
1162 James Anderson Dagger-14-plain.png2003–2021
2161 Alastair Cook 2006–2018
3147 Stuart Broad Dagger-14-plain.png2007–2021
4133 Alec Stewart 1990–2003
5118 Ian Bell 2004–2015
Graham Gooch 1975–1995
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [18]

Most consecutive career matches

Alastair Cook, pictured in 2006, holds the record for the most matches as English captain, the most consecutive career matches in Test cricket and the most matches played for England with 59, 159 and 161 respectively. Alastair Cook.jpg
Alastair Cook, pictured in 2006, holds the record for the most matches as English captain, the most consecutive career matches in Test cricket and the most matches played for England with 59, 159 and 161 respectively.

Former English captain Alastair Cook holds the record for the most consecutive Test matches played with 159. [15] Cook equalled the previous record of 153, set by Australia's Allan Border, during the first Test of the two-match series against Pakistan in May 2018 [158] and broke it by playing in the second Test of the same series. [159] Current English skipper Joe Root brought his run of 77 consecutive Tests to an end when he missed the first Test against the West Indies in July 2020 due to the birth of his second child. [160] [161]

RankMatchesPlayerPeriod
1159  Alastair Cook 2006–2018
277 Joe Root 2014–2020
365 Alan Knott 1971–1977
Ian Botham 1978–1984
563 Michael Atherton 1993–1998
Last updated: 18 January 2021 [15]

Most matches as captain

Graeme Smith, who led the South African cricket team from 2003 to 2014, holds the record for the most matches played as captain in Test cricket with 109. Allan Border, who skippered Australia from 1984 to 1994 is second with 93 matches. England's captain from 2010 to 2016, Alastair Cook, is seventh on the list with 59 matches. [162]

RankMatchesPlayerPeriod
159 Alastair Cook 2010–2016
254 Michael Atherton 1993–2001
352 Joe Root 2017–2021
451 Michael Vaughan 2003–2008
550 Andrew Strauss 2006–2012
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [14]

Youngest players

The youngest player to play in a Test match is claimed to be Hasan Raza at the age of 14 years and 227 days. Making his debut for Pakistan against Zimbabwe on 24 October 1996, there is some doubt as to the validity of Raza's age at the time. [163] The youngest cricketer to play Test cricket for England was Brian Close who at the age of 18 years and 149 days debuted in the third Test of the series against New Zealand in July 1949. [164]

RankAgePlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 7] VenueDate
118 years and 149 days Brian Close Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England23 July 1949
219 years and 32 days Jack Crawford Flag of the Cape Colony 1876-1910.svg  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa2 January 1906
319 years and 83 days Denis Compton Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand The Oval, London, England14 August 1937
419 years and 269 days Ben Hollioake Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England7 August 1997
519 years and 297 days Haseeb Hameed Flag of India.svg  India Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot, India9 November 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [165]
James Southerton is the fifth oldest cricketer to play in a Test match and was the oldest to make his debut. James Southerton.JPG
James Southerton is the fifth oldest cricketer to play in a Test match and was the oldest to make his debut.

Oldest players on debut

At 49 years and 119 days, James Southerton of England, playing in the very first Test match in March 1877, is the oldest player to make his debut in Test cricket. Second on the list is Miran Bakhsh of Pakistan who at 47 years and 284 days made his debut against India in 1955. [23]

RankAgePlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
149 years and 119 days  James Southerton Australian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia15 March 1877
241 years and 337 days Rockley Wilson Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia25 February 1921
340 years and 216 days Septimus Kinneir Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia15 December 1911
440 years and 110 days Harry Lee Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa13 February 1931
539 years and 360 days Arthur Wood Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [23]

Oldest players

Wilfred Rhodes, pictured here aged 25, is the oldest cricketer to ever in play in a Test match at the age of 52. Lot0622.jpg
Wilfred Rhodes, pictured here aged 25, is the oldest cricketer to ever in play in a Test match at the age of 52.

England all-rounder Wilfred Rhodes is the oldest player to appear in a Test match. Playing in the fourth Test against the West Indies in 1930 at Sabina Park, in Kingston, Jamaica, he was aged 52 years and 165 days on the final day's play. The second-oldest Test player is Bert Ironmonger who was aged 50 years and 327 days when he represented Australia for the final time in the fifth Test of the 1932–33 Ashes series at the Sydney Cricket Ground. [24]

RankAgePlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 4] VenueDate
152 years and 165 days  Wilfred Rhodes WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
250 years and 320 days W. G. Grace Australian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England1 June 1899
350 years and 303 days George Gunn WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
449 years and 139 days James Southerton Australian Colonial Flag.svg  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia31 March 1877
547 years and 249 days Jack Hobbs Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England16 August 1930
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [24]

Partnership records

In cricket, two batsmen are always present at the crease batting together in a partnership. This partnership will continue until one of them is dismissed, retires or the innings comes to a close.

Highest partnerships by wicket

A wicket partnership describes the number of runs scored before each wicket falls. The first wicket partnership is between the opening batsmen and continues until the first wicket falls. The second wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the number three batsman. This partnership continues until the second wicket falls. The third wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the new batsman. This continues down to the tenth wicket partnership. When the tenth wicket has fallen, there is no batsman left to partner so the innings is closed.

English batsmen hold three Test wicket partnerships records, all set since 2010. Ben Stokes and Jonny Bairstow came together in the second Test of the 2015–16 series against South Africa at Newlands Cricket Ground and put together a sixth wicket partnership of 399 runs. [166] [167] Jonathan Trott and Stuart Broad set the highest eighth wicket partnership of 332 runs at Lord's in August 2010 against Pakistan. [168] Finally, the tenth wicket partnership of 198 was made by Joe Root and James Anderson in the first Test against India at Trent Bridge in July 2014. [169] [170]

WicketRunsFirst batsmanSecond batsmanOppositionVenueDate
1st wicket359 Len Hutton Cyril Washbrook Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa27 December 1948
2nd wicket382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
3rd wicket370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Lord's, London, England21 June 1947
4th wicket411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England30 May 1957
5th wicket359 Zak Crawley Jos Buttler Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Rose Bowl, Southampton, England21 August 2020
6th wicket399  Ben Stokes Jonny Bairstow Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa2 January 2016
7th wicket197 M. J. K. Smith Jim Parks WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago25 March 1960
8th wicket332  Jonathan Trott Stuart Broad Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Lord's, London, England26 August 2010
9th wicket163* Colin Cowdrey Alan Smith Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand1 March 1963
10th wicket198  Joe Root James Anderson Flag of India.svg  India Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England9 July 2014
Last updated: 29 December 2020 [171]

Highest partnerships by runs

The highest Test partnership by runs for any wicket is held by the Sri Lankan pairing of Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene who put together a third wicket partnership of 624 runs during the first Test against South Africa in July 2006. This broke the record of 576 runs set by their compatriots Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama against India in 1997. New Zealand's Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe hold the third-highest Test partnership with 467 made in 1991 against Sri Lanka. The English pairing of Peter May and Colin Cowdrey together scored 411 for the fourth wicket against the West Indies in 1957 to place themselves thirteenth on the list. [172]

WicketRunsFirst batsmanSecond batsmanOppositionVenueDate
4th wicket411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England30 May 1957
6th wicket399 Ben Stokes Jonny Bairstow Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa2 January 2016
2nd wicket382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
3rd wicket370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton Flag of South Africa (1928-1994).svg  South Africa Lord's, London, England21 June 1947
2nd wicket369 John Edrich Ken Barrington Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [173]

Umpiring records

Dickie Bird stood as an umpire in 66 matches, a former Test record, and is now the fourth most experienced English umpire behind David Shepherd, Ian Gould and Richard Kettleborough. Dickie Bird.JPG
Dickie Bird stood as an umpire in 66 matches, a former Test record, and is now the fourth most experienced English umpire behind David Shepherd, Ian Gould and Richard Kettleborough.

Most matches umpired

An umpire in cricket is a person who officiates the match according to the Laws of Cricket . Two umpires adjudicate the match on the field, whilst a third umpire has access to video replays, and a fourth umpire looks after the match balls and other duties. The records below are only for on-field umpires.

Aleem Dar of Pakistan holds the record for the most Test matches umpired with 132, as of December 2020. The current active Dar set the record in December 2019 overtaking Steve Bucknor from the West Indies mark of 128 matches. [176] They are followed by South Africa's Rudi Koertzen who officiated in 108. The most experienced Englishman is David Shepherd who is fifth on the list with 92 Test matches umpired. Dickie Bird, who previously held the record with 66 Tests, is currently thirteenth as of December 2020. [174] [175]

RankMatchesUmpirePeriod
192 David Shepherd 1985–2005
274 Ian Gould Dagger-14-plain.png2008–2019
370 Richard Kettleborough Dagger-14-plain.png2010–2021
466 Dickie Bird 1973–1996
562 Nigel Llong Dagger-14-plain.png2008–2020
Last updated: 13 June 2021 [175]

Notes

  1. For the first 50 years of Test cricket matches were played over three or four days [2] and until the 1930s some timeless Tests were played. [3]
  2. In October 2017, the ICC Board approved a trial of four-day Test cricket to run through until the 2019 Cricket World Cup. [4]
  3. 1 2 This excludes Afghanistan who, as of December 2020, have an overall winning percentage of 50% – haven won two of the four Tests that they have played. [8]
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Prior to the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901, there was no national flag of Australia – which for official purposes remained the Union Jack until 1954. [41]
  5. The other teams to have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Pakistan (13), [52] Sri Lanka (9), [53] India (8), [54] South Africa (8) [55] and New Zealand (5). [56]
  6. The other teams to have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Bangladesh (4), [69] Sri Lanka (5), [70] Zimbabwe (8), [71] Pakistan (9), [72] Australia (10), [73] South Africa (12), [74] New Zealand (13), [75] the West Indies (16) [76] and India (18). [77]
  7. 1 2 3 4 Prior to the unification of the South African colonies in 1910, there was no national flag of South Africa. [82]
  8. As of December 2020, Australia's Steve Smith also averages over 60 in Test cricket and is still active. [92]
  9. In 2017, The Laws of Cricket were amended, reducing the methods of dismissals from ten to nine, with handled the ball now covered as part of obstructing the field. [150]

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Joseph Charles Buttler is an English international cricketer and current vice-captain of the England cricket team and Rajasthan Royals in limited overs cricket and the IPL respectively. He is considered by some to be England's best white ball batsman of all time. A right-handed batsman, Buttler usually fields as a wicket-keeper and has represented England in Test, One Day International (ODI) and Twenty20 International (T20I) cricket. Buttler served as vice-captain of the England squad during the 2019 Cricket World Cup, where England became world champions for the first time in their history. Buttler currently plays for Lancashire in English domestic cricket, having previously represented Somerset, and also appears for Rajasthan Royals in the Indian Premier League. Holding the record for the fastest ODI century by an England player, Buttler is regarded as one of the best wicket-keeper batsmen in the world.

Joe Root England cricketer

Joseph Edward Root is an English international cricketer who is the current captain of England in Test cricket. He also represents Yorkshire in domestic cricket. Root was part of the England squad that won the 2019 Cricket World Cup and was England's leading run-scorer in the tournament.

Ben Stokes English international cricketer

Benjamin Andrew Stokes is an English international cricketer and vice-captain of the England cricket team in Test cricket. Stokes was part of the England squad that won the 2019 Cricket World Cup, winning Man of the Match in the final. In July 2020, Stokes captained the England team for the first time, for the first Test match against the West Indies. Born in Christchurch, New Zealand, Stokes moved to northern England with his parents at the age of 12, where he learnt the game and began playing club cricket for local teams. A left-handed batsman and right-arm fast-medium swing bowler, Stokes has been the top-ranked Test all-rounder in the world since July 2020.

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