List of England Test cricket records

Alastair Cook in 2016
Former captain Alastair Cook, pictured in 2016, holds several England Test cricket records.

Test cricket is the oldest form of cricket played at international level. [1] A Test match is scheduled to take place over a period of five days, [lower-alpha 1] [lower-alpha 2] and is played by teams representing full member nations of the International Cricket Council (ICC). [5] [6] England was a founding member of the ICC having played the first Test match against Australia in March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. [7] They have played a total of 1,004 matches, the most by any Test playing team. [8] As of October 2018, England is the third most successful team in Test cricket with an overall winning percentage of 35.95, behind Australia on 47.10 and South Africa on 37.70. [8]

Opening batsman and former captain Alastair Cook holds several England Test cricket records. Playing between 2006 and 2018, he scored 12,472 runs, making him the only England player to score 10,000 Test runs. [9] He scored a record 57 half-centuries and 33 centuries. [10] [11] As a slip fielder, Cook has also taken the most catches for England with 175 [12] and holds the England record for the most catches taken in Test series with 13. [13] Captaining his side from 2010 until he stood down in 2016, Cook holds the record for the most matches played as English skipper with 59, the Test record for the most consecutive matches played with 159 and the record for the most matches played for England with 161. [14] [15] [16]

The most prolific Test wicket-taker for England is James Anderson. [17] Making his debut in 2003, he has taken a total of 564 wickets throughout his 143-match career, as of October 2018 – the most by a fast bowler in Test cricket. [18] He has also achieved 26 five-wicket hauls in an innings, second only to Ian Botham with 27. [19] The record for the most ten-wicket hauls for England is held by Sydney Barnes with seven, who also holds the Test cricket record for the most wickets taken in a series with 49 during the English tour of South Africa in 1913–14. [20] [21] Alan Knott is England's most successful wicket-keeper having taken 269 dismissals. [22] England claims two age records, James Southerton as the oldest player to make his Test debut at 49 and Wilfred Rhodes aged 52 as the oldest cricketer to ever play in a Test match. [23] [24]

Key

The top five records are listed for each category, except for the team wins, losses and draws and the partnership records. Tied records for fifth place are also included. Explanations of the general symbols and cricketing terms used in the list are given below. Specific details are provided in each category where appropriate. All records include matches played for England only, and are correct as of October 2018.

Key
SymbolMeaning
daggerPlayer or umpire is currently active in Test cricket
*Player remained not out or partnership remained unbroken
Test cricket record
dInnings was declared (e.g. 903/7d)
DateStarting date of the Test match
InningsNumber of innings played
MatchesNumber of matches played
OppositionThe team England was playing against
PeriodThe time period when the player was active in Test cricket
PlayerThe player involved in the record
Venue Test cricket ground where the match was played

Team records

Team wins, losses and draws

As of October 2018, England have played 1,004 Test matches resulting in 361 victories, 298 defeats and 345 draws for an overall winning percentage of 35.95, the third highest winning percentage of Test playing teams. [8] England has played the highest number of Test matches, ahead of Australia who have competed in 813. [8] England has been the most successful against Bangladesh having won nine out of ten Tests against them. [25] England played in the debut Test matches of Australia, India, New Zealand, South Africa, Sri Lanka and the West Indies – winning all of them except against Australia. [26]

OppositionFirst TestMatchesWonLostDrawnTied% Won
  Australia 15 March 1877 [27] 34610814494031.21
  Bangladesh 21 October 2003 [28] 10910090.00
  India 25 June 1932 [29] 122472649038.52
  New Zealand 10 January 1930 [30] 103481045046.60
  Pakistan 10 June 1954 [31] 83252137030.12
  South Africa 12 March 1889 [32] 149613355040.93
  Sri Lanka 17 February 1982 [33] 3112811038.70
  West Indies 23 June 1928 [34] 154485551031.16
  Zimbabwe 18 December 1996 [35] 6303050.00
Total1,004361298345035.95
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [8] [25]

Team scoring records

Most runs in an innings

The highest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the series between Sri Lanka and India in August 1997. Playing in the first Test at the R. Premadasa Stadium in Colombo, the hosts posted a first innings total of 952/6d. This broke the longstanding record of 903/7d which England set against Australia in the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval. This in turn broke England's 849 all out against the West Indies in 1930. [36]

RankScoreOppositionVenueDate
1903/7d  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
2849  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
3710/7d  India Edgbaston, Birmingham, England10 August 2011
4658/8d  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England10 June 1938
5654/5  South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa3 March 1939
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [37]

Fewest runs in an innings

The lowest innings total scored in Test cricket came in the second Test of England's tour of New Zealand in March 1955. Trailing England by 46, New Zealand was bowled out in their second innings for 26 runs. [38] The equal twelfth-lowest score in Test history is England's total of 45 scored in their first innings against Australia in the first Test of the 1886–87 Ashes series. [39]

RankScoreOpposition [lower-alpha 3] VenueDate
145  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia28 January 1887
246  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago25 March 1994
351  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica4 February 2009
452  Australia The Oval, London, England14 August 1948
553  Australia Lord's, London, England16 July 1888
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [41]

Result records

Wally Hammond circa 1930
In 1938, Wally Hammond led England to victory over Australia by an innings and 579 runs, the greatest winning margin by an innings in Test cricket. [42] [43]

A Test match is won when one side has scored more runs than the total runs scored by the opposing side during their two innings. If both sides have completed both their allocated innings and the side that fielded last has the higher aggregate of runs, it is known as a win by runs. This indicates the number of runs that they had scored more than the opposing side. If one side scores more runs in a single innings than the total runs scored by the other side in both their innings, it is known as a win by an innings and runs. If the side batting last wins the match, it is known as a win by wickets, indicating the number of wickets that were still to fall. [44]

Greatest win margins (by innings)

The fifth Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval saw England win by an innings and 579 runs, the largest victory by an innings in Test cricket history. The next largest victory was Australia's win against South Africa in the first Test of the 2001–02 tour at the Wanderers Stadium, where the tourists won by an innings and 360 runs. [43]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1Innings and 579 runs ♠  Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
2Innings and 285 runs  India Lord's, London, England20 June 1974
3Innings and 283 runs  West Indies Headingley, Leeds, England25 May 2007
4Innings and 261 runs  Bangladesh Lord's, London, England26 May 2005
5Innings and 244 runs  India The Oval, London, England15 August 2014
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [45]

Greatest win margins (by runs)

The greatest winning margin by runs in Test cricket was England's victory over Australia by 675 runs in the first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series. The next two largest victories were recorded by Australia including defeat over England in the final Test of the 1934 Ashes series by 562 runs. [46]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1675 runs ♠  Australia Brisbane Exhibition Ground, Brisbane, Australia30 November 1928
2354 runs  Pakistan Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England29 July 2010
3347 runs  Australia Lord's, London, England18 July 2013
4338 runs  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia13 January 1933
5330 runs  Pakistan Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England22 July 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [45]

Greatest win margins (by 10 wickets)

England have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 20 occasions, the third highest behind Australia on 29 and the West Indies on 25. [45] [47] [48] [lower-alpha 4]

RankVictoriesOppositionMost recent venueDate
16  South Africa Lord's, London, England21 June 1951
=24  India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India23 November 2012
  West Indies Lord's, London, England6 May 2009
43  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia2 December 1932
52  Pakistan Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England10 August 1967
61  Sri Lanka Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England13 June 2002
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [45]

Narrowest win margins (by runs)

Michael Vaughan in 2006
Michael Vaughan led England to victory over Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series by a margin of two runs. [54] [55]

England's narrowest win by runs was against Australia in the second Test of the 2005 Ashes series at Edgbaston. Set 282 runs for victory in the final innings, Australia were bowled all out for 279 to give victory to the hosts by two runs. [54] This was the second-narrowest win in Test cricket, with the narrowest being the West Indies' one-run win over Australia in 1993. [56]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 3] VenueDate
12 runs  Australia Edgbaston, Birmingham, England4 August 2005
23 runs  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 1982
310 runs  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia14 December 1894
=412 runs  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia1 February 1929
Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [57]

Narrowest win margins (by wickets)

Archie MacLaren in 1905
Archie MacLaren led the English team that lost the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series by a margin of three runs and won the fifth Test by a margin of one wicket. [58] [59] Both records still stand over a century later as England's narrowest win by wickets and narrowest loss by runs, respectively. [57] [60]

England have won by a margin of one wicket on three occasions, the most recent being in the second Test against South Africa in 1923 at Newlands Cricket Ground, one of only twelve one-wicket victories in Test cricket. [61]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 3] VenueDate
=11 wicket  Australia The Oval, London, England11 August 1902
  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia1 January 1908
  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa1 January 1923
=42 wickets  Australia The Oval, London, England11 August 1890
  South Africa Kingsmead Cricket Ground, Durban, South Africa16 December 1948
  South Africa SuperSport Park, Centurion, South Africa14 January 2000
  West Indies Lord's, London, England29 June 2000
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [57]

Greatest loss margins (by innings)

England suffered their greatest defeat by an innings at The Gabba in the first Test of the 1946–47 Ashes series, the first Test match to be played in Australia after the Second World War. [62] [63] Going down to the hosts by an innings and 332 runs, this is the fourth-heaviest defeat in Test cricket history. [43]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1Innings and 332 runs  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia29 November 1946
2Innings and 226 runs  West Indies Lord's, London, England23 August 1973
3Innings and 215 runs  Sri Lanka Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo, Sri Lanka18 December 2003
4Innings and 200 runs  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 February 1937
=5Innings and 180 runs  West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England14 June 1984
  Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England10 August 1989
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [64]

Greatest loss margins (by runs)

The first Test of the 1928–29 Ashes series saw Australia defeated by England by 675 runs, the greatest losing margin by runs in Test cricket. The results were reversed in the fifth and final Test of the 1934 Ashes series at The Oval where the tourists defeated the hosts by 562 runs, England's greatest defeat by runs. [46]

RankMarginOppositionVenueDate
1562 runs  Australia The Oval, London, England18 August 1934
2425 runs  West Indies Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England8 July 1976
3409 runs  Australia Lord's, London, England24 June 1948
4405 runs  Australia Lord's, London, England16 July 2015
5384 runs  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia7 November 2002
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [64]

Greatest loss margins (by 10 wickets)

England have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets on 22 occasions, more than any other Test playing team. [64] [lower-alpha 5]

RankDefeatsOppositionMost recent venueDate
17  Australia The Gabba, Brisbane, Australia23 November 2017
26  West Indies Headingley, Leeds, England21 July 1988
34  Pakistan The Oval, London, England11 August 2016
43  South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England18 July 2008
=51  Sri Lanka The Oval, London, England27 August 1998
  India Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium, Mohali, India3 December 2001
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [64]

Narrowest loss margins (by runs)

Pelham Warner in 1906
Pelham Warner was the captain of the English team that lost the first Test against South Africa in January 1906 by a margin of one wicket, the narrowest loss for England by wickets. [60] [74]

Only one match in over 140 years of Test cricket has been decided by a margin of one run, the fourth Test of the West Indian tour of Australia in 1992–93 where the visitors secured victory. The equal third narrowest defeat was England's loss in the fourth Test of the 1902 Ashes series at Old Trafford. Requiring 32 runs to win with six wickets in hand, England lost the match by a margin of three runs. [56] [75] [76]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 3] VenueDate
13 runs  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England24 July 1902
26 runs  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia20 February 1885
37 runs  Australia The Oval, London, England28 August 1882
411 runs  Australia Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia16 January 1925
517 runs  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa15 February 1957
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [60]

Narrowest loss margins (by wickets)

Test cricket has seen twelve matches decided by a margin of one wicket, with England being defeated in one of them. [61] The first Test of the 1905–06 series against South Africa at Old Wanderers saw the home side chase down the target of 284 runs in the final innings. [77]

RankMarginOpposition [lower-alpha 3] [lower-alpha 6] VenueDate
11 wicket  South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa2 January 1906
=22 wickets  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia13 December 1907
  West Indies Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England5 June 1980
  Pakistan Lord's London, England18 June 1992
=53 wickets  Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England16 July 1896
  South Africa Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England7 July 1955
  Pakistan National Stadium, Karachi, Pakistan2 March 1984
  West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago5 February 1998
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [60]

Individual records

Len Hutton in 1938
Len Hutton has scored the highest individual Test score (364) for England. [79]

Batting records

Most career runs

A run is the basic means of scoring in cricket. A run is scored when the batsman hits the ball with his bat and with his partner runs the length of 22 yards (20 m) of the pitch. [80]

India's Sachin Tendulkar has scored the most runs in Test cricket with 15,921. Second is Ricky Ponting of Australia with 13,378 ahead of Jacques Kallis from South Africa in third with 13,289. Alastair Cook, the only England batsman who has scored more than 10,000 runs in Test cricket, is in fifth with 12,472. [9]

RankRunsPlayerMatchesInningsPeriod
112,472 Alastair Cook 1612912006–2018
28,900 Graham Gooch 1182151975–1995
38,463 Alec Stewart 1332351990–2003
48,231 David Gower 1172041978–1992
58,181 Kevin Pietersen 1041812005–2014
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [79]

Highest individual score

The first Test of the 2003–04 series of the Southern Cross Trophy, contested between Australia and Zimbabwe, at the WACA Ground saw Matthew Hayden of Australia set the highest Test score with 380, surpassing the West Indies' Brian Lara's 375 scored against England in April 1994 at the Antigua Recreation Ground. [81] Six months after Hayden set the record, the West Indian claimed it back scoring 400 not out against the same opposition and on the same ground. [82] Len Hutton's 364 against Australia during the final Test of the 1938 Ashes series at The Oval is the sixth highest individual score in Test cricket. Wally Hammond's 336, scored against New Zealand in 1933, is the third highest not out Test innings and the ninth highest overall. [83] Hutton's, Hammond's and Andy Sandham's 325 against the West Indies in 1930 were Test record scores at the time of posting. [84]

RankRunsPlayerOppositionVenueDate
1364 Len Hutton   Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
2336* Wally Hammond   New Zealand Eden Park, Auckland, New Zealand31 March 1933
3333 Graham Gooch   India Lord's, London, England26 July 1990
4325 Andy Sandham   West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
5310* John Edrich   New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [85]

Highest career average

Herbert Sutcliffe in 1933
Herbert Sutcliffe has the highest career batting average for England with 60.73. [86]

A batsman's batting average is the total number of runs they have scored divided by the number of times they have been dismissed. [87]

Australia's Don Bradman, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time, finished his Test career with an average of 99.94. [88] With 60.73, Herbert Sutcliffe is one of only six batsmen to have finished his international career with an average above 60. [89]

RankAveragePlayerRunsInningsPeriod
160.73 Herbert Sutcliffe 4,555841924–1935
259.23 Eddie Paynter 1,540311931–1939
358.67 Ken Barrington 6,8061311955–1968
458.45 Wally Hammond 7,2491401927–1947
556.94 Jack Hobbs 5,4101021908–1930
Qualification: 20 innings
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[86]

Most half-centuries

A half-century is a score of between 50 and 99 runs. Statistically, once a batsman's score reaches 100, it is no longer considered a half-century but a century.

Sachin Tendulkar of India has scored the most half-centuries in Test cricket with 68. He is followed by the West Indies' Shivnarine Chanderpaul on 66, India's Rahul Dravid and Allan Border of Australia are third on 63 and in seventh with 57 fifties to his name, England's Alastair Cook. [90]

RankHalf centuriesPlayerRunsPeriod
157 Alastair Cook 12,4722006–2018
=246 Ian Bell 7,7272004–2015
Graham Gooch 8,9001975–1995
Michael Atherton 7,7281989–2001
545 Alec Stewart 8,4631990–2003
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [10]

Most centuries

A century is a score of 100 or more runs in a single innings.

Tendulkar has also scored the most centuries in Test cricket with 51. South Africa's Jacques Kallis is next on 45 and Ricky Ponting with 41 hundreds is in third. The highest ranked England players are Alastair Cook in tenth with 33 centuries and Kevin Pietersen who finished his international career with 23 centuries is in equal twenty-fifth. [91]

RankCenturiesPlayerRunsPeriod
133 Alastair Cook 12,4722006–2018
223 Kevin Pietersen 8,1812005–2014
=322 Wally Hammond 7,2491927–1947
Colin Cowdrey 7,6241954–1975
Geoffrey Boycott 8,1141964–1982
Ian Bell 7,7272004–2015
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [11]

Most double centuries

Wally Hammond in February 1933
Wally Hammond has scored the most double centuries for England with seven and holds the England record for the most runs scored in a series with 905 runs during the 1928–29 Ashes series. [92] [93]

A double century is a score of 200 or more runs in a single innings.

Bradman holds the Test record for the most double centuries scored with twelve, one ahead of Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara who finished his career with eleven. In third place is Brian Lara of the West Indies with nine. England's Wally Hammond and Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka have both reached the mark on seven occasions. [92]

RankDouble centuriesPlayerRunsPeriodRef
17 Wally Hammond 7,2491927–1947
25 Alastair Cook 12,4722006–2018
34 Len Hutton 6,9711937–1955
43 Kevin Pietersen 8,1812005–2014
=52 Dennis Amiss 3,6121966–1977 [94]
Denis Compton 5,8071937–1957 [95]
Graham Gooch 8,9001975–1995 [96]
David Gower 8,2311978–1992 [97]
Eddie Paynter 1,5401931–1939 [98]
Joe Root dagger6,2792012–2018 [99]
Jonathan Trott 3,8352009–2015 [100]
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [92] [101]

Most runs in a series

The 1930 Ashes series in England saw Bradman set the record for the most runs scored in a single series, falling just 26 short of 1,000 runs. He is followed by Wally Hammond with 905 runs scored in the 1928–29 Ashes series. Alastair Cook's 766 runs scored during the 2010–11 Ashes series ranks in 14th. [93]

RankRunsPlayerMatchesInningsSeries
1905 Wally Hammond 59 1928–29 Ashes series
2766 Alastair Cook 57 2010–11 Ashes series
3753 Denis Compton 58 South African cricket team in England in 1947
4752 Graham Gooch 36 Indian cricket team in England in 1990
5734 Herbert Sutcliffe 59 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [102]

Most ducks

A duck refers to a batsman being dismissed without scoring a run. [103] Former West Indian fast bowler Courtney Walsh has scored the highest number of ducks in Test cricket with 43 followed by New Zealand's Chris Martin with 36. Stuart Broad with 29 scoreless innings and James Anderson with 24 are joint sixth and equal twelfth on the list respectively. [104]

RankDucksPlayerMatchesInningsPeriod
129 Stuart Broad dagger1231782007–2018
224 James Anderson dagger1431992003–2018
=320 Monty Panesar 50682006–2013
Steve Harmison 62842002–2009
Michael Atherton 1152121989–2001
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [105]

Bowling records

James Anderson in 2014
James Anderson hold the record for the most wicket taken by a fast bowler in Test cricket with 564. [18]

Most career wickets

A bowler takes the wicket of a batsman when the form of dismissal is bowled, caught, leg before wicket, stumped or hit wicket. If the batsman is dismissed by run out, obstructing the field, handling the ball, hitting the ball twice or timed out the bowler does not receive credit.

Sri Lankan bowler Muttiah Muralitharan holds the record for taking the most wickets in Test cricket with 800, followed by Australia's Shane Warne who previously held the record with 708. [106] [107] James Anderson of England is fourth on the list with 564 Test wickets to his name and in September 2018 he passed Australia's Glenn McGrath to become the fast bowler with the most Test wickets. [108] Stuart Broad, with 433, is the second highest England Test wicket-taker and tenth overall. [106] [18]

RankWicketsPlayerMatchesInningsPeriod
1564 James Anderson dagger1432672003–2018
2433 Stuart Broad dagger1232252007–2018
3383 Ian Botham 1021681977–1992
4325 Bob Willis 901651971–1984
5307 Fred Trueman 671271952–1965
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [17]

Best figures in an innings

Bowling figures refers to the number of the wickets a bowler has taken and the number of runs conceded. [109]

There have been two occasions in Test cricket where a bowler has taken all ten wickets in a single innings – Jim Laker of England took 10/53 against Australia in 1956 and India's Anil Kumble in 1999 returned figures of 10/74 against Pakistan. George Lohmann, one of fifteen bowlers who have taken nine wickets in a Test match innings, sits third on the list taking figures of 9/28 against South Africa in 1896. [110]

RankFiguresPlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 6] VenueDate
110/53 Jim Laker   Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England26 July 1956
29/28 George Lohmann   South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa2 March 1896
39/37 Jim Laker   Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England26 July 1956
49/57 Devon Malcolm   South Africa The Oval, London, England18 August 1994
59/103 Sydney Barnes   South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa26 December 1913
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [111]

Best figures in a match

A bowler's bowling figures in a match is the sum of the wickets taken and the runs conceded over both innings.

No bowler in the history of Test cricket has taken all 20 wickets in a match. The closest to do so was English spin bowler Jim Laker. During the fourth Test of the 1956 Ashes series, Laker took 9/37 in the first innings and 10/53 in the second to finish with match figures of 19/90. [112] Sydney Barnes's figures of 17/159, taken in the second Test of the 1913–14 South African tour, is the second-best in Test cricket history. [113]

RankFiguresPlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 6] VenueDate
119/90 Jim Laker   Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England26 July 1956
217/159 Sydney Barnes   South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa26 December 1913
315/28 Johnny Briggs   South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa25 March 1889
415/45 George Lohmann   South Africa St George's Park Cricket Ground, Port Elizabeth, South Africa13 February 1896
515/99 Colin Blythe   South Africa Headingley, Leeds, England29 July 1907
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [114]

Best career average

George Lohmann pre 1900
George Lohmann holds the record for the best Test career bowling average and strike rate, with figures of 10.75 and 34.1, respectively. [115] [116]

A bowler's bowling average is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of wickets they have taken.

Nineteenth century English medium pacer George Lohmann holds the record for the best career average in Test cricket with 10.75. J. J. Ferris, one of fifteen cricketers to have played Test cricket for more than one team, [117] is second behind Lohmann with an overall career average of 12.70 runs per wicket. Billy Barnes is third on the list, finishing his Test career with an average of 15.54. [115]

RankAveragePlayerWicketsRunsBallsPeriod
110.75 ♠ George Lohmann 1121,2053,8301886–1896
215.54 Billy Barnes 517932,2891880–1890
316.42 Billy Bates 508212,3641881–1887
416.43 Sydney Barnes 1893,1067,8731901–1914
516.98 Bobby Peel 1011,7155,2161884–1896
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[118]

Best career strike rate

A bowler's strike rate is the total number of balls they have bowled divided by the number of wickets they have taken. [103]

As with the career average above, the top two bowlers with the best Test career strike rate are George Lohmann and J. J. Ferris, with Lohmann on 34.1 and Ferris with an overall career strike rate of 37.7 balls per wicket. [116]

RankStrike ratePlayerWicketsBallsRunsPeriod
134.1 ♠ George Lohmann 1123,8301,2051886–1896
241.6 Sydney Barnes 1897,8733,1061901–1914
344.8 Billy Barnes 512,2897931880–1890
445.1 Johnny Briggs 1185,3322,0951884–1899
545.4 Frank Tyson 763,4521,4111954–1959
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[119]

Best career economy rate

William Attewell in 1895
William Attewell finished his career with an economy rate of 1.31, a Test cricket record. [120]

A bowler's economy rate is the total number of runs they have conceded divided by the number of overs they have bowled. [103]

English bowler William Attewell, who played 10 Tests between 1884 and 1892, holds the Test record for the best career economy rate with 1.31. Cliff Gladwin, with a rate of 1.60 runs per over conceded over his 8-match Test career, is second on the list. [120]

RankEconomy ratePlayerRunsBallsWicketsPeriod
11.31 ♠ William Attewell 6262,850281884–1892
21.60 Cliff Gladwin 5712,129151947–1949
31.85 Roy Kilner 7342,368241924–1926
41.87 Dick Barlow 7672,456341881–1887
51.88 Hedley Verity 3,51011,1731441931–1939
Qualification: 2,000 balls
Last updated: 30 July 2018
[121]

Most five-wicket hauls in an innings

Ian Botham in July 2013
Ian Botham took 27 five-wicket hauls during his Test career, an England record. [19]

A five-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking five wickets in a single innings. [122]

Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan has taken the most five-wicket hauls in Test cricket with 67 throughout his career followed by Shane Warne achieving 37. Ian Botham is the highest ranked England player in seventh, taking 27. [123]

RankFive-wicket haulsPlayerWicketsPeriod
127 Ian Botham 3831977–1992
226 James Anderson dagger5642003–2018
324 Sydney Barnes 1891901–1914
=417 Fred Trueman 3071952–1965
Graeme Swann 2552008–2013
Derek Underwood 2971966–1982
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [19]

Most ten-wicket hauls in a match

A ten-wicket haul refers to a bowler taking ten or more wickets in a match over two innings.

As with the five-wicket hauls above, Muttiah Muralitharan leads Shane Warne in taking the most ten-wicket hauls in Test cricket with Muralitharan having taken 22 to Warne's 10. Sydney Barnes of England is in equal sixth with three other bowlers, each achieving the feat on seven occasions. [124]

RankTen-wicket haulsPlayerWicketsPeriod
17 Sydney Barnes 1891901–1914
26 Derek Underwood 2971966–1982
=35 George Lohmann 1121886–1896
Alec Bedser 2361946–1955
=54 Tom Richardson 881893–1898
Colin Blythe 1001901–1910
Johnny Briggs 1181884–1899
Ian Botham 3831977–1992
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [20]

Worst figures in an innings

The worst figures in a single innings in Test cricket came in the third Test between the West Indies at home to Pakistan in 1958. Pakistan's Khan Mohammad returned figures of 0/259 from his 54 overs in the second innings of the match. [125] [126] The worst figures by an England player are 0/169 that came off the bowling of Tich Freeman in his final Test appearance. [127] [128]

RankFiguresPlayerOversOppositionVenueDate
10/169 Tich Freeman 49  South Africa The Oval, London, England17 August 1929
20/163 Adil Rashid 34  Pakistan Zayed Sports City Stadium, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates13 October 2015
30/155 Moeen Ali dagger52  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa2 January 2016
40/152 Pat Pocock 57  West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica16 February 1974
50/151 Graeme Swann 52  South Africa The Oval, London, England19 July 2012
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [129]

Worst figures in a match

The worst figures in a match in Test cricket were taken by South Africa's Imran Tahir in the second Test against Australia at the Adelaide Oval in November 2012. He returned figures of 0/180 from his 23 overs in the first innings and 0/80 off 14 in the third innings for a total of 0/260 from 37 overs. [130] He claimed the record in his final over when two runs came from it – enough for him to pass the previous record of 0/259, set 54 years prior. [131] [132] [133]

The worst figures by an England player came in the fourth Test of the 1989–90 tour of the West Indies when Devon Malcolm returned figures of 0/142 and 0/46 for a total of 0/188 off 43 overs. [134]

RankFiguresPlayerOversOppositionVenueDate
10/188 Devon Malcolm 43  West Indies Kensington Oval, Bridgetown, Barbados5 April 1990
20/184 Ian Salisbury 33  Pakistan Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England2 July 1992
30/184 Maurice Tate 100  Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia8 March 1929
40/169 Tich Freeman 49  South Africa The Oval, London, England17 August 1929
50/166 Hedley Verity 57  Australia The Oval, London, England18 August 1934
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [135]

Most wickets in a series

Sydney Barnes in 1910
Sydney Barnes took 49 wickets in the 1913–14 series against South Africa, the most by any cricketer in a Test series. [21]

England's seventh Test tour of South Africa in 1913–14 saw the record set for the most wickets taken by a bowler in a Test series. English paceman Sydney Barnes played in four of the five matches and achieved a total of 49 wickets to his name. Jim Laker sits second on the list with 46 wickets taken during the 1956 Ashes series. [21]

RankWicketsPlayerMatchesSeries
149 ♠ Sydney Barnes 4 English cricket team in South Africa in 1913–14
246 Jim Laker 5 1956 Ashes series
=339 Sydney Barnes 6 1912 Triangular Tournament
Alec Bedser 5 1953 Ashes series
538 Maurice Tate 5 1924–25 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [136]

Wicket-keeping records

The wicket-keeper is a specialist fielder who stands behind the stumps being guarded by the batsman on strike and is the only member of the fielding side allowed to wear gloves and leg pads. [137]

Most career dismissals

A wicket-keeper can be credited with the dismissal of a batsman in two ways, caught or stumped. A fair catch is taken when the ball is caught fully within the field of play without it bouncing after the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat, [138] [139] while a stumping occurs when the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman is out of his ground and not attempting a run. [140]

South Africa's Mark Boucher has taken the most dismissals in Test cricket as a designated wicket-keeper with 555, followed by Adam Gilchrist of Australia on 416. England's Alan Knott, who took 269 dismissals during his 95-Test match career, is eighth on the list. He is followed by his compatriots Matt Prior and Alec Stewart in ninth and tenth with 256 and 241 dismissals respectively. [141]

RankDismissalsPlayerMatchesPeriod
1269 Alan Knott 951967–1981
2256 Matt Prior 792007–2014
3241 Alec Stewart 1331990–2003
4219 Godfrey Evans 911946–1959
5174 Bob Taylor 571971–1984
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [22]

Most career catches

Matt Prior in May 2010
Matt Prior sits second behind Alan Knott for the most Test dismissals and catches taken by an England wicket-keeper. [22]

Boucher also leads Gilchrist in the number of catches taken as a designated wicket-keeper in Test cricket, 532 to 379. Alan Knott, with 250 catches to his name is eighth on this list. He is again followed by Prior and Stewart in ninth and tenth with 243 and 227 catches respectively. [142]

RankCatchesPlayerMatchesPeriod
1250 Alan Knott 951967–1981
2243 Matt Prior 792007–2014
3227 Alec Stewart 1331990–2003
4173 Godfrey Evans 911946–1959
5167 Bob Taylor 571971–1984
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [22]

Most career stumpings

Australia's Bert Oldfield holds the record for the most stumpings in Test cricket with 52. He is followed by Godfrey Evans of England with 46 to his name. [143]

RankStumpingsPlayerMatchesPeriod
146 Godfrey Evans 911946–1955
223 Les Ames 441929–1939
322 Dick Lilley 351896–1909
419 Alan Knott 951967–1981
515 George Duckworth 241924–1936
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [144]

Most dismissals in an innings

Four wicket-keepers have taken seven wickets in a single innings in a Test match—Wasim Bari of Pakistan in 1979, Englishman Bob Taylor in 1980, New Zealand's Ian Smith in 1991 and most recently West Indian gloveman Ridley Jacobs against Australia in 2000. [145]

The feat of taking 6 wickets in an innings has been achieved by 22 wicket-keepers on 30 occasions including 7 Englishmen on 11 occasions. [146]

RankDismissalsPlayerOppositionVenueDate
17 ♠ Bob Taylor   India Wankhede Stadium, Mumbai, India15 February 1980
=26 John Murray   India Lord's, London, England22 June 1967
Jack Russell   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 1990
  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa30 November 1995
Alec Stewart   Australia Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England3 July 1997
Chris Read   New Zealand Edgbaston, Birmingham, England1 July 1999
Geraint Jones   Bangladesh Riverside Ground, Chester-le-Street, England3 June 2005
Chris Read   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 2006
  Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia2 January 2007
Matt Prior   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia26 December 2010
  South Africa Lord's, London, England16 August 2012
Jonny Bairstow dagger  South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa14 January 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [147]

Most dismissals in a series

Brad Haddin holds the Test cricket record for the most dismissals taken by a wicket-keeper in a series. He took 29 catches during the 2013 Ashes series which broke the previous record held by fellow Australian Rod Marsh when he took 28 catches in the 1982–83 Ashes series. Jack Russell of England is equal third with 27 dismissals taken during the 1995–96 tour of South Africa. [148]

RankDismissalsPlayerMatchesInningsSeries
127 Jack Russell 57 English cricket team in South Africa in 1995–96
224 Alan Knott 612 1970–71 Ashes series
=323 Alec Stewart 58 South African cricket team in England in 1998
Matt Prior 510 2010–11 Ashes series
Alec Stewart 610 1997 Ashes series
Alan Knott 612 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [149]

Fielding records

Most career catches

Caught is one of the nine methods a batsman can be dismissed in cricket. [lower-alpha 7] A fair catch is defined as a fielder catching the ball, from a legal delivery, fully within the field of play without it bouncing when the ball has touched the striker's bat or glove holding the bat. [138] [139] The majority of catches are caught in the slips, located behind the batsman, next to the wicket-keeper, on the off side of the field. Most slip fielders are top order batsmen. [151] [152]

India's Rahul Dravid holds the record for the most catches in Test cricket by a non-wicket-keeper with 210, followed by Mahela Jayawardene of Sri Lanka on 205 and South African Jacques Kallis with 200. Former captain Alastair Cook is the highest ranked England player in sixth, securing 175 catches in his Test career. [153]

RankCatchesPlayerMatchesPeriod
1175 Alastair Cook 1612006–2018
2121 Andrew Strauss 1002004–2012
=3120 Ian Botham 1021977–1992
Colin Cowdrey 1141954–1975
5110 Wally Hammond 851927–1947
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [12]

Most catches in a series

The 1920–21 Ashes series, in which Australia whitewashed England 5–0 for the first time, [154] saw the record set for the most catches taken by a non-wicket-keeper in a Test series. Australian all-rounder Jack Gregory took 15 catches in the series as well as 23 wickets. [155] Greg Chappell and K. L. Rahul are joint second behind Gregory with 14 catches taken during the 1974–75 Ashes series and the 2018 India tour of England respectively. The same series saw Alastair Cook become the highest placed England player in equal fourth with 13 catches taken alongside Bob Simpson, Brian Lara and Rahul Dravid. [156]

RankCatchesPlayerMatchesInningsSeries
113 Alastair Cook 510 Indian cricket team in England in 2018
212 Jack Ikin 36 South African cricket team in England in 1951
312 Wally Hammond 59 1934 Ashes series
412 Len Braund 10 1901–02 Ashes series
=512 Ian Botham 612 1981 Ashes series
Tony Greig 1974–75 Ashes series
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [13]

Other records

Most career matches

India's Sachin Tendulkar holds the record for the most Test matches played with 200, with former captains Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh being joint second with each having represented Australia on 168 occasions. Alastair Cook, is seventh and the most capped England Test cricketer having played 161 matches. [157]

RankMatchesPlayerPeriod
1161 Alastair Cook 2006–2018
2143 James Anderson dagger2003–2018
3133 Alec Stewart 1990–2003
4123 Stuart Broad dagger2007–2018
=5118 Ian Bell 2004–2015
Graham Gooch 1975–1995
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [16]

Most consecutive career matches

Alastair Cook in 2006
Alastair Cook, pictured in 2006, holds the record for the most matches as English captain, the most consecutive career matches in Test cricket and the most matches played for England with 59, 159 and 161 respectively. [14] [15] [16]

Former English captain Alastair Cook holds the record for the most consecutive Test matches played with 159. [15] Cook equalled the previous record of 153, set by Australia's Allan Border, during the first Test of the two match series against Pakistan in May 2018 [158] and broke it by playing in the second Test of the same series. [159]

RankMatchesPlayerPeriod
1159 ♠ Alastair Cook 2006–2018
=265 Alan Knott 1971–1977
Ian Botham 1978–1984
463 Michael Atherton 1993–1998
562 Alec Stewart 1996–2001
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [15]

Most matches as captain

Graeme Smith, who led the South African cricket team from 2003 to 2014, holds the record for the most matches played as captain in Test cricket with 109. Allan Border, who skippered Australia from 1984 to 1994 is second with 93 matches. England's captain from 2010 to 2016, Alastair Cook, is seventh on the list with 59 matches. [160]

RankMatchesPlayerPeriod
159 Alastair Cook 2010–2016
254 Michael Atherton 1993–2001
351 Michael Vaughan 2003–2008
450 Andrew Strauss 2006–2012
545 Nasser Hussain 1999–2003
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [14]

Youngest players

The youngest player to play in a Test match is claimed to be Hasan Raza at the age of 14 years and 227 days. Making his debut for Pakistan against Zimbabwe on 24 October 1996, there is some doubt as to the validity of Raza's age at the time. [161] The youngest cricketer to play Test cricket for England was Brian Close who at the age of 18 years and 149 days debuted in the third Test of the series against New Zealand in July 1949. [162]

RankAgePlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 6] VenueDate
118 years and 149 days Brian Close   New Zealand Old Trafford Cricket Ground, Manchester, England23 July 1949
219 years and 32 days Jack Crawford   South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa2 January 1906
319 years and 83 days Denis Compton   New Zealand The Oval, London, England14 August 1937
419 years and 269 days Ben Hollioake   Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England7 August 1997
519 years and 297 days Haseeb Hameed   India Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium, Rajkot, India9 November 2016
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [163]
James Southerton
James Southerton is the fifth oldest cricketer to play in a Test match and was the oldest to make his debut. [23] [24]

Oldest players on debut

At 49 years and 119 days, James Southerton of England, playing in the very first Test match in March 1877, is the oldest player to make his debut in Test cricket. Second on the list is Miran Bakhsh of Pakistan who at 47 years and 284 days made his debut against India in 1955. [23]

RankAgePlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 3] VenueDate
149 years and 119 days James Southerton   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia15 March 1877
241 years and 337 days Rockley Wilson   Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia25 February 1921
340 years and 216 days Septimus Kinneir   Australia Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney, Australia15 December 1911
440 years and 110 days Harry Lee   South Africa Old Wanderers, Johannesburg, South Africa13 February 1931
539 years and 360 days Arthur Wood   Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [23]

Oldest players

Wilfred Rhodes bowling c. 1902
Wilfred Rhodes, pictured here aged 25, is the oldest cricketer to ever in play in a Test match at the age of 52. [24]

England all-rounder Wilfred Rhodes is the oldest player to appear in a Test match. Playing in the fourth Test against the West Indies in 1930 at Sabina Park, in Kingston, Jamaica, he was aged 52 years and 165 days on the final day's play. The second-oldest Test player is Bert Ironmonger who was aged 50 years and 327 days when he represented Australia for the final time in the fifth Test of the 1932–33 Ashes series at the Sydney Cricket Ground. [24]

RankAgePlayerOpposition [lower-alpha 3] VenueDate
152 years and 165 days Wilfred Rhodes   West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
250 years and 320 days W. G. Grace   Australia Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England1 June 1899
350 years and 303 days George Gunn   West Indies Sabina Park, Kingston, Jamaica3 April 1930
449 years and 139 days James Southerton   Australia Melbourne Cricket Ground, Melbourne, Australia31 March 1877
547 years and 249 days Jack Hobbs   Australia The Oval, London, England16 August 1930
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [24]

Partnership records

In cricket, two batsmen are always present at the crease batting together in a partnership. This partnership will continue until one of them is dismissed, retires or the innings comes to a close.

Highest partnerships by wicket

A wicket partnership describes the number of runs scored before each wicket falls. The first wicket partnership is between the opening batsmen and continues until the first wicket falls. The second wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the number three batsman. This partnership continues until the second wicket falls. The third wicket partnership then commences between the not out batsman and the new batsman. This continues down to the tenth wicket partnership. When the tenth wicket has fallen, there is no batsman left to partner so the innings is closed.

English batsmen hold three Test wicket partnerships records, all set since 2010. Ben Stokes and Jonny Bairstow came together in the second Test of the 2015–16 series against South Africa at Newlands Cricket Ground and put together a sixth wicket partnership of 399 runs. [164] [165] The recently retired Jonathan Trott and the still active Stuart Broad set the highest eighth wicket partnership of 332 runs at Lord's in August 2010 against Pakistan. [166] The final record is the tenth wicket partnership of 198 which was set by Joe Root and James Anderson. This came in the first Test against India at Trent Bridge in July 2014. [167] [168]

WicketRunsFirst batsmanSecond batsmanOppositionVenueDate
1st wicket359 Len Hutton Cyril Washbrook   South Africa Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa27 December 1948
2nd wicket382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland   Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
3rd wicket370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton   South Africa Lord's, London, England21 June 1947
4th wicket411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey   West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England30 May 1957
5th wicket254 Keith Fletcher Tony Greig   India Brabourne Stadium, Mumbai, India6 February 1973
6th wicket399 ♠ Ben Stokes dagger Jonny Bairstow dagger  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa2 January 2016
7th wicket197 M. J. K. Smith Jim Parks   West Indies Queen's Park Oval, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago25 March 1960
8th wicket332 ♠ Jonathan Trott Stuart Broad dagger  Pakistan Lord's, London, England26 August 2010
9th wicket163* Colin Cowdrey Alan Smith   New Zealand Basin Reserve, Wellington, New Zealand1 March 1963
10th wicket198 ♠ Joe Root dagger James Anderson dagger  India Trent Bridge, Nottingham, England9 July 2014
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [169]

Highest partnerships by runs

The highest Test partnership by runs for any wicket is held by the Sri Lankan pairing of Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene who put together a third wicket partnership of 624 runs during the first Test against South Africa in July 2006. This broke the record of 576 runs set by their compatriots Sanath Jayasuriya and Roshan Mahanama against India in 1997. New Zealand's Andrew Jones and Martin Crowe hold the third-highest Test partnership with 467 made in 1991 against Sri Lanka. The English pairing of Peter May and Colin Cowdrey together scored 411 for the fourth wicket against the West Indies in 1957 to place themselves thirteenth on the list. [170]

WicketRunsFirst batsmanSecond batsmanOppositionVenueDate
4th wicket411 Peter May Colin Cowdrey   West Indies Edgbaston, Birmingham, England30 May 1957
6th wicket399 Ben Stokes dagger Jonny Bairstow dagger  South Africa Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town, South Africa2 January 2016
2nd wicket382 Len Hutton Maurice Leyland   Australia The Oval, London, England20 August 1938
3rd wicket370 Bill Edrich Denis Compton   South Africa Lord's, London, England21 June 1947
2nd wicket369 John Edrich Ken Barrington   New Zealand Headingley, Leeds, England8 July 1965
Last updated: 30 July 2018 [171]

Umpiring records

Dickie Bird at Headingley in 2006
Dickie Bird stood as an umpire in 66 matches, a former Test record, and is now the third most experienced English umpire behind David Shepherd and Ian Gould. [172] [173]

Most matches umpired

An umpire in cricket is a person who officiates the match according to the Laws of Cricket . Two umpires adjudicate the match on the field, whilst a third umpire has access to video replays, and a fourth umpire looks after the match balls and other duties. The records below are only for on-field umpires.

Steve Bucknor of the West Indies holds the record for the most Test matches umpired with 128. He is followed by the currently active Aleem Dar from Pakistan who has stood in 119 Test matches as of July 2018 and South Africa's Rudi Koertzen who officiated in 108. The most experienced Englishman is David Shepherd who is fifth on the list with 92 Test matches umpired. Dickie Bird, who previously held the record with 66 Tests, is currently eleventh as of October 2018. [172] [173]

RankMatchesUmpirePeriod
192 David Shepherd 1985–2005
269 Ian Gould dagger2008–2018
366 Dickie Bird 1973–1996
=454 Richard Kettleborough dagger2010–2018
Nigel Llong dagger2008–2018
Last updated: 13 October 2018 [173]

Notes

  1. For the first 50 years of Test cricket matches were played over three or four days [2] and until the 1930s some timeless Tests were played. [3]
  2. In October 2017, the ICC Board approved a trial of four-day Test cricket to run through until the 2019 Cricket World Cup. [4]
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Prior to Australian federation in 1901, there was no national flag of Australia. [40]
  4. The other teams to have won a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Pakistan (13), [49] South Africa (8), [50] Sri Lanka (8), [51] India (7) [52] and New Zealand (4). [53]
  5. The other teams to have lost a Test match by a margin of 10 wickets are Bangladesh (4), [65] Sri Lanka (5), [66] Zimbabwe (7), [67] Pakistan (9), [68] Australia (10). [69] South Africa (12), [70] New Zealand (13), [71] the West Indies (15) [72] and India (17). [73]
  6. 1 2 3 4 Prior to the unification of the South African colonies in 1910, there was no national flag of South Africa. [78]
  7. In 2017, The Laws of Cricket were amended, reducing the methods of dismissals from ten to nine, with handled the ball now covered as part of obstructing the field. [150]

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