Wicket-keeper

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Wicket-keeper in characteristic full squatting position, facing a delivery from a slow pace or spin bowler Cricket wicket keeper.jpg
Wicket-keeper in characteristic full squatting position, facing a delivery from a slow pace or spin bowler
Wicket-keeper in characteristic partial squatting position (together with slip fielders), facing a delivery from a fast bowler. Gilly and the slips.jpg
Wicket-keeper in characteristic partial squatting position (together with slip fielders), facing a delivery from a fast bowler.

The wicket-keeper in the sport of cricket is the player on the fielding side who stands behind the wicket or stumps being watchful of the batsman and ready to take a catch, stump the batsman out and run out a batsman when occasion arises. The wicket-keeper is the only member of the fielding side permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards. [1] The role of the keeper is governed by Law 27 of the Laws of Cricket. [1]

Contents

Adam Gilchrist of Australia standing up to the stumps against England during the fourth test of the 2005 Ashes series in England. Strauss dismissal.jpg
Adam Gilchrist of Australia standing up to the stumps against England during the fourth test of the 2005 Ashes series in England.

Stance

Initially, during the bowling of the ball the wicket-keeper crouches in a full squatting position but partly stands up as the ball is received. Australian wicket-keeper Sammy Carter (1878 to 1948) was the first to squat on his haunches rather than bend over from the waist (stooping). [2]

Purposes

The keeper's major function is to stop deliveries that pass the batsman (in order to prevent runs being scored as 'byes'), but he can also attempt to dismiss the batsman in various ways:

A keeper's position depends on the bowler: for fast bowling he will squat some distance from the stumps, in order to have time to react to edges from the batsman, while for slower bowling, he will come much nearer to the stumps (known as "standing up"), to pressure the batsman into remaining within the crease or risk being stumped. The more skilled the keeper, the faster the bowling to which he is able to "stand up", for instance Godfrey Evans often stood up to Alec Bedser. [3]

Like the other players on a cricket team, keepers will bat during the team’s batting innings. At elite levels, wicket-keepers are generally expected to be proficient batters, averaging considerably more than specialist bowlers. See Wicket-keeper-batsman.

Wicket keeping gloves along with the inner gloves Wicket keeping gloves along with the inner gloves.jpg
Wicket keeping gloves along with the inner gloves
A pair of wicket-keeping gloves. The webbing which helps the keeper to catch the ball can be seen between the thumb and index fingers. Wicket-Keeping Gloves.jpg
A pair of wicket-keeping gloves. The webbing which helps the keeper to catch the ball can be seen between the thumb and index fingers.

Law 27.2, which deals with the specifications for wicketkeepers' gloves, states that:

Substitutes

Substitutes were previously not allowed to keep wicket, but this restriction was lifted in the 2017 edition of the Laws of Cricket.

This rule was sometimes suspended, by agreement with the captain of the batting side. For example, during the England–New Zealand Test Match at Lord's in 1986, England's specialist keeper, Bruce French was injured during England's first innings. England then used 4 keepers in New Zealand's first innings: Bill Athey kept for the first two overs; 45-year-old veteran Bob Taylor was pulled out of the sponsor's tent to keep for overs 3 to 76; Bobby Parks, the Hampshire keeper, was called up for overs 77 to 140; and Bruce French kept wicket for the final ball of the innings. [4] A wicket keeper can also bowl on a match. ICC approved it. So that many keepers bowled on a match. [5]

Arthur Jones was the first substitute to keep wicket in a Test match, when he did so against Australia at The Oval in 1905. [6]

Playing without a wicket-keeper

There is no rule stating a team must play a wicket-keeper. [7] On 5 June 2015 during a T20 Blast game between the Worcestershire Rapids and the Northamptonshire Steelbacks, Worcestershire chose not to play a wicket-keeper in the 16th over of the match. [8] Their keeper, Ben Cox, became an extra fielder at fly slip while spinner Moeen Ali bowled. [8] The umpires consulted with each other and agreed that there was nothing in the rules to prevent it from happening. [9]

Leading international wicket-keepers

Test

The following are the top 10 wicket-keepers by total dismissals in Test cricket. [10]

Leading Test match wicket-keepers by dismissals1
RankNameCountryMatches Caught Stumped Total dismissals
1 Mark Boucher Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 14753223555
2 Adam Gilchrist Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 9637937416
3 Ian Healy Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 11936629395
4 Rod Marsh Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 9634312355
5 MS Dhoni Flag of India.svg  India 9025638294
6 Brad Haddin Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 662628270
Jeff Dujon WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 812655270
8 Alan Knott Flag of England.svg  England 9525019269
9 Matt Prior Flag of England.svg  England 7924313256
10 Alec Stewart Flag of England.svg  England 13322714241
Statistics are correct as of 13 August 2018
  • Bold indicates current player
  • Matches is the total number of Tests played, which is not necessarily the number of matches keeping wicket.
  • Some of the players listed have additional catches in games they have played as a normal fielder.

ODI

The following are the top 10 wicket-keepers by total dismissals in one day cricket. [11]

Leading one-day wicket-keepers by dismissals
RankNameCountryMatches Caught Stumped Total dismissals
1 Kumar Sangakkara Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 40438399482
2 Adam Gilchrist Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 28741755472
3 MS Dhoni Flag of India.svg  India 341321123444
4 Mark Boucher Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 29540222424
5 Moin Khan Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 21921473287
6 Brendon McCullum Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 26022715242
7 Ian Healy Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 16819439233
8 Rashid Latif Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 16618238220
9 Mushfiqur Rahim Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 20516942211
10 Romesh Kaluwitharana Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 18913175206

Statistics are correct as of 23 September 2019

  • Bold indicates current player
  • Matches is the total number of ODIs played, which is not necessarily the number of matches keeping wicket.
  • A number of the players listed have additional catches in games they have played as a normal fielder.

T20I

The following are the top 10 wicket-keepers by total dismissals in Twenty20 International cricket. [12]

Leading T20I wicket-keepers by dismissals
RankNameCountryMatches Caught Stumped Total dismissals
1 MS Dhoni Flag of India.svg  India 98573491
2 Kamran Akmal Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 58283260
3 Denesh Ramdin WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 68382058
4 Mushfiqur Rahim Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 81302858
5 Mohammad Shahzad Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 65262854
6 Quinton de Kock Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 38361046
7 Kumar Sangakkara Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 56252045
8 Sarfraz Ahmed Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 55341044
9 Brendon McCullum Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 7124832
10 Luke Ronchi Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 3324630

Statistics are correct as of 23 September 2019

  • Bold indicates current player
  • Matches is the total number of T20Is played, which is not necessarily the number of matches keeping wicket.
  • A number of the players listed have additional catches in games they have played as a normal fielder.

See also

Bibliography

Related Research Articles

The Laws of Cricket is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket worldwide. The earliest known code was drafted in 1744 and, since 1788, it has been owned and maintained by its custodian, the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London. There are currently 42 Laws which outline all aspects of how the game is to be played. MCC has re-coded the Laws six times, the seventh and latest code being released in October 2017. The 2nd edition of the 2017 Code came into force on 1 April 2019. The first six codes prior to 2017 were all subject to interim revisions and so exist in more than one version.

Wicket one of the two sets of three stumps and two bails at either end of a cricket pitch, guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, attempts to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket; named after "wicket gate", a small gate, which it historically resembled

In cricket, the term wicket has several meanings. First, it is one of the two sets of three stumps and two bails at either end of the pitch. The wicket is guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, attempts to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket and to score runs where possible.

Glossary of cricket terms Wikimedia list article

This is a general glossary of the terminology used in the sport of cricket. Where words in a sentence are also defined elsewhere in this article, they appear in italics. Certain aspects of cricket terminology are explained in more detail in cricket statistics and the naming of fielding positions is explained at fielding (cricket).

In cricket, a no-ball is an illegal delivery to a batsman. It is also the Extra run awarded to the batting team as a consequence. For most cricket games, especially amateur ones, the definition of all forms of no-ball is from the MCC Laws of Cricket

In the sport of cricket, the crease is a certain area demarcated by white lines painted or chalked on the field of play, and pursuant to the rules of cricket they help determine legal play in different ways for the fielding and batting side. They define the area within which the batsmen and bowlers operate. The term crease may refer to any of the lines themselves, particularly the popping crease, or to the region that they demark. Law 7 of the Laws of Cricket governs the size and position of the crease markings, and defines the actual line as the back edge of the width of the marked line on the grass, i.e., the edge nearest to the wicket at that end.

Dismissal (cricket) out in the game of cricket

In cricket, a dismissal occurs when a batsman's period of batting is brought to an end by the opposing team. It is also known as the batsman being out, the batting side losing a wicket, and the fielding side taking a wicket. The dismissed batsman must leave the field of play permanently for the rest of their team's innings, and is replaced by a teammate. A team's innings ends if 10 of the 11 team members are dismissed - as players bat in pairs, when only one person is undismissed it is not possible for the team to bat any longer. This is known as bowling out the batting team, who are said to be all out.

Cricket clothing and equipment

Cricket clothing and equipment is regulated by the laws of cricket. Cricket clothing, known as cricket whites, or flannels, is slightly loose fitting so as not to restrict players' movements. Use of protective equipment, such as cricket helmets, gloves and pads, is also regulated.

Obstructing the field is one of the nine methods of dismissing a batsman in the sport of cricket. It dictates that either batsman can be given out if he wilfully attempts to obstruct or distract the fielding side by word or action. It is governed by Law 37 of the laws of cricket, and is a rare way for a batsman to be dismissed; in the history of cricket, there has been only one instance in Test matches, six occasions in One Day International (ODI) games, and only one instance in Twenty20 International matches. However, there have also been seven instances in Test cricket, and two in ODIs, where a batsman has been dismissed handled the ball, a mode of dismissal now folded into obstructing the field. In most cases an obstruction occurs when a batsman thinks that he is going to be run out and he blocks the ball with his bat or changes his course while running between wickets to block the ball. The obstruction has to be deliberate, so a batsman will not be out if the contact with the ball is inadvertent.

Caught cricket term

Caught is a method of dismissing a batsman in cricket. A batsman is caught if the batsman hits the ball, from a legitimate delivery, with the bat, and the ball is caught by the bowler or a fielder before it hits the ground.

Run out method of dismissal in the sport of cricket

Run out is a method of dismissal in the sport of cricket governed by Law 38 of the Laws of cricket.

Rodney William Marsh is an Australian former professional cricketer who played as a wicketkeeper for the Australian national cricket team.

Don Tallon Australian cricketer

Donald "Don" Tallon was an Australian cricketer who played 21 Test matches as a wicket-keeper between 1946 and 1953. He was widely regarded by his contemporaries as Australia's finest ever wicket-keeper and one of the best in Test history, with an understated style, an ability to anticipate the flight, length and spin of the ball and an efficient stumping technique. Tallon toured England as part of Don Bradman's Invincibles of 1948 and was recognised as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in 1949 for his performances during that season. During his Test career, Tallon made 58 dismissals comprising 50 catches and 8 stumpings.

Stumped

Stumped is a method of dismissing a batsman in cricket. The action of stumping can only be performed by a wicket-keeper. A batsman is stumped if, from a legitimate delivery, the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket while the batsman is out of his ground and not attempting a run.

The Bangladeshi cricket team toured Sri Lanka for three One Day International cricket matches and two Test cricket matches in August and September 2005. The Bangladeshi team is coming off a moderately successful tour of England, by their standards, as they pushed Australia close in one ODI and beat them in another. However, they still lost five out of six matches in the NatWest Series, and both of the Test matches, and remain at the bottom of both the ICC Test Championship and ICC ODI Championship. The hosts Sri Lanka, meanwhile, are undefeated in home ODI tournaments since February 2004, and in home Test series since March 2004, both against the top-ranked Australia. Their win in the Indian Oil Cup a month before this series saw them into second place in the ODI Championship, but they are only ranked sixth in Tests.

Single wicket cricket is a form of cricket played between two individuals, who take turns to bat and bowl against each other. The one bowling is assisted by a team of fielders, who remain as fielders at the change of innings. The winner is the one who scores more runs. There was considerable interest in single wicket during the middle part of the 18th century when it enjoyed top-class status.

Alyssa Healy Australian cricketer

Alyssa Healy, is an Australian cricketer who plays for the Australian women's national team and New South Wales in domestic cricket. She made her international debut in February 2010.

Ray Lindwall was a key member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. The Australians went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Don Tallon with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Don Tallon was a key member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team tour of England in 1948, in which Australia was undefeated in their 34 matches. This unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Sam Loxton with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Sam Loxton was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. Bradman's men went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Law 27 – The wicket-keeper". MCC. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  2. The Oxford Companion to Australian Cricket, Oxford, Melbourne, 1996, p. 100.
  3. "Godfrey Evans". ESPNcricinfo. Archived from the original on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  4. "England v New Zealand 1986". espncricinfo.com. Archived from the original on 20 May 2012.
  5. "Can a Wicket Keeper Bowl-- The Law Of Wicket Keeper [Explained]". Cricket Updates | Cricket Secrets | Cricket Facts | Cricket News. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  6. "The limpet". ESPN Cricinfo. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
  7. "NatWest T20 Blast video: Worcestershire wicketkeeper Daryl Mitchell moves to outfield". Fox Sports. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  8. 1 2 "English county side creates controversy by having no wicket-keeper behind the stumps". sportskeeda. Archived from the original on 8 June 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  9. "Worcestershire ditch keeper as Dhoni gives idea for controversial ploy". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 7 June 2015.
  10. "Wicketkeeping Records most Test Match dismissals in a career". Cricinfo. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  11. "Wicketkeeping Records most ODI dismissals in a career". Cricinfo. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  12. "Wicketkeeping Records most T20I Match dismissals in a career". Cricinfo. Retrieved 23 September 2019.