Twenty20

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A Twenty20 match between England and Sri Lanka at the Hampshire Rose Bowl on 15 June 2006 England vs Sri Lanka.jpg
A Twenty20 match between England and Sri Lanka at the Hampshire Rose Bowl on 15 June 2006

Twenty20 cricket or Twenty-20 (often abbreviated to T20), is a shortened format of cricket. At the professional level, it was originally introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 for the inter-county competition. [1] In a Twenty20 game, the two teams have a single innings each, which is restricted to a maximum of 20 overs. Together with first-class and List A cricket, Twenty20 is one of the three current forms of cricket recognised by the International Cricket Council (ICC) as being at the highest international or domestic level. A typical Twenty20 game is completed in about three hours, with each inning lasting around 90 minutes and an official 10-minute break between the innings. This is much shorter than previous forms of the game, and is closer to the timespan of other popular team sports. It was introduced to create a fast-paced game that would be attractive to spectators at the ground and viewers on television.

Contents

The game has succeeded in spreading around the cricket world. On most international tours there is at least one Twenty20 match and all Test-playing nations have a domestic cup competition. West Indies are the reigning world champions, winning the 2016 competition.

History

Origins

Former England batsman Andrew Strauss batting for Middlesex against Surrey Andrew Strauss twenty20.jpg
Former England batsman Andrew Strauss batting for Middlesex against Surrey

When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place. Cricketing authorities were looking to boost the game's popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast-paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001 and they voted 11–7 in favour of adopting the new format. [2]

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup. [3] The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title. [4] The first Twenty20 match held at Lord's, on 15 July 2004 between Middlesex and Surrey, attracted a crowd of 27,509, the highest attendance for any county cricket game at the ground – other than a one-day final – since 1953. [5]

Spread worldwide

Thirteen teams from different parts of the country participated in Pakistan's inaugural competition in 2004, with Faisalabad Wolves the first winners. On 12 January 2005 Australia's first Twenty20 game was played at the WACA Ground between the Western Warriors and the Victorian Bushrangers. It drew a sell-out crowd of 20,000, which was the first one in nearly 25 years. [6]

Starting on 11 July 2006, 19 West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament. The event was financially backed by billionaire Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 in funding money. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets, securing US$1,000,000 in prize money. [7] [8]

On 5 January 2007 Queensland Bulls played the New South Wales Blues at The Gabba, Brisbane. An unexpected 16,000 fans turned up on the day to buy tickets, causing Gabba staff to throw open gates and grant many fans free entry. Attendance reached 27,653. [9] For the February 2008 Twenty20 match between Australia and India, 85,824 [10] people attended the match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, involving the Twenty20 World Champions against the ODI World Champions.

The Stanford Super Series was held in October 2008 between three teams. The respective winners of the English and Caribbean Twenty20 competitions, Middlesex and Trinidad and Tobago, and a Stanford Superstars team formed from West Indies domestic players. Trinidad and Tobago won the competition, securing US$280,000 prize money. [11] [12] On 1 November, the Stanford Superstars played England in what was expected to be the first of five fixtures in as many years with the winner claiming US$20,000,000 in each match. The Stanford Superstars won the first match, [13] however no further fixtures were held as Allen Stanford was charged with fraud in 2009. [14]

T20 leagues

Crowd during a match of the 2015 IPL season in Hyderabad, India. SRH fans while an ipl match.jpg
Crowd during a match of the 2015 IPL season in Hyderabad, India.

Several T20 leagues started after the popularity of the 2007 ICC World Twenty20. [15] The Board of Control for Cricket in India started the Indian Premier League in 2008, which utilizes the North American sports franchise system with eight teams in major Indian markets, and is currently in its twelfth season of competition. In September 2017, the broadcasting and digital rights for the next five years (2018-2022) of the IPL were sold to Star India for US$2.55 billion, [16] making it one of the world's most lucrative sports league per match. The IPL has seen a spike in its brand valuation to US$5.3 billion after the 10th edition, according to global valuation and corporate finance advisor Duff & Phelps. [17]

The Big Bash League, Bangladesh Premier League, Pakistan Super League, and Caribbean Premier League started thereafter, following similar formulae, and remained popular with the fans. [18] [19] The Women's Big Bash League was started in 2015 by Cricket Australia, while the Kia Super League was started in England and Wales in 2016.The Mzansi Super League in South Africa was started in 2018.

Twenty20 Internationals

The first Twenty20 International match was held on 5 August 2004 between England and New Zealand women's teams with New Zealand winning by nine runs. [20]

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men's international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner – both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team's a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported mustaches/beards and hairstyles popular in the 1980s taking part in a competition amongst themselves for best retro look, at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously – Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock red card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

The first Twenty20 international in England was played between England and Australia at the Rose Bowl in Hampshire on 13 June 2005, which England won by a margin of 100 runs, a record victory which lasted until 2007. [21]

On 9 January 2006 Australia and South Africa met in the first international Twenty20 game in Australia. In a first, each player's nickname appeared on the back of his uniform, rather than his surname. The international match drew a crowd of 38,894 people at The Gabba.

On 16 February 2006 New Zealand defeated West Indies in a tie-breaking bowl-out 3–0; 126 runs were scored apiece in the game proper. The game was the last international match played by Chris Cairns.

Every two years an ICC World Twenty20 tournament is to take place, except in the event of an ICC Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Two Associate teams had played in the first tournament, selected through the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One, a 50-over competition. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money. [22] The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in the West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. It was the first time in cricket history when a T20 World Cup tournament took place in an Asian country. The 2014 ICC World Twenty20 was won by Sri Lanka, by defeating India at the finals, where the tournament was held in Bangladesh. The 2016 ICC World Twenty20 was won by West-Indies.

Impact on the game

Twenty20 matches can have some exciting displays such as when the batsmen run out to the pitch Twenty20 cricket start.JPG
Twenty20 matches can have some exciting displays such as when the batsmen run out to the pitch

Twenty20 cricket is claimed to have resulted in a more athletic and explosive form of cricket. Indian fitness coach Ramji Srinivasan declared in an interview with the Indian fitness website Takath.com, that Twenty20 had "raised the bar" in terms of fitness levels for all players, demanding higher levels of strength, speed, agility and reaction time from all players regardless of role in the team. [23] Matthew Hayden credited retirement from international cricket with aiding his performance in general and fitness in particular in the Indian Premier League. [24]

In June 2009, speaking at the annual Cowdrey Lecture at Lord's, former Australian wicketkeeper Adam Gilchrist pushed for Twenty20 to be made an Olympic sport. "It would," he said, "be difficult to see a better, quicker or cheaper way of spreading the game throughout the world." [25]

Former Australian captain Ricky Ponting, on the other hand, has criticized Twenty20 as being detrimental to Test cricket and for hampering batsmen's scoring skills and concentration. [26] Former Australian captain Greg Chappell made similar complaints, fearing that young players would play too much T20 and not develop their batting skills fully, while former England player Alex Tudor feared the same for bowling skills. [27] [28]

Former West Indies captains Clive Lloyd, Michael Holding and Garfield Sobers criticised Twenty20 for its role in discouraging players from representing their test cricket national side, with many West Indies players like Chris Gayle, Sunil Narine and Dwayne Bravo preferring instead to play in a Twenty20 franchise elsewhere in the world and make far more money. [29] [30] [31] [32] [33]

Under-17s and Under-19s are playing T20 games in national championships, and at the detriment of two-day games. Good state players these days are averaging 35; if you were averaging 35 when I was playing your dad would go and buy you a basketball or a footy and tell you to play that.

Ricky Ponting, [34]

Match format and rules

Format

Twenty20 match format is a form of limited overs cricket in that it involves two teams, each with a single innings, the key feature is that each team bats for a maximum of 20 overs. In terms of visual format, the batting team members do not arrive from and depart to traditional dressing rooms, but come and go from a bench (typically a row of chairs) visible in the playing arena, analogous to association football's technical area or a baseball dugout. [35]

Middlesex playing against Surrey at Lord's, in front of a 28,000-strong crowd Twenty20 game.jpg
Middlesex playing against Surrey at Lord's, in front of a 28,000-strong crowd

General rules

The Laws of cricket apply to Twenty20, with major exceptions: [36]

Tie deciders

Currently, if the match ends with the scores tied and there must be a winner, the tie is broken with a one over per side Eliminator [37] or Super Over: [38] [39] Each team nominates three batsmen and one bowler to play a one-over per side "mini-match". The team which bats second in the match bats first in the Super Over. [40] [41] In turn, each side bats one over bowled by the one nominated opposition bowler, with their innings over if they lose two wickets before the over is completed. The side with the higher score from their Super Over wins. If the super over also ends up in a tie, the team that has scored the most boundaries (4s+6s) in the 20 overs wins.

In the Australian domestic competition the Big Bash League the Super Over is played slightly differently, with no 2-wicket limit, and if the super over is also tied then a "countback" is used, with scores after the fifth ball for each team being used to determine the result. If it is still tied, then the countback goes to 4 balls and so on. [42] The latest Super Over to decide a match was between the Sydney Sixers winning against the Brisbane Heat on 25 January 2017, in the Big Bash League at the Brisbane Cricket Ground, with the Sixers winning 0/22 to 0/15 in the Super Over after tying on 164. [43]

Tied Twenty20 matches were previously decided by a bowl-out. [44]

International

Women's and men's Twenty20 Internationals have been played since 2004 and 2005 respectively. To date, 76 nations have played the format, including all test playing nations.

NationDate of men's T20I debutDate of women's T20I debut
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 17 February 20052 September 2005
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 17 February 20055 August 2004
Flag of England.svg  England 13 June 20055 August 2004
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 21 October 200510 August 2007
WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 16 February 200627 June 2008
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 15 June 200612 June 2009
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 28 August 200625 May 2009
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 28 November 200627 August 2012
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 28 November 20065 January 2019
Flag of India.svg  India 1 December 20065 August 2006
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 1 September 20076 April 2019
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 12 September 20077 July 2018
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 2 August 200827 June 2008
Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland 2 August 200827 June 2008
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 2 August 200817 May 2019
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 3 August 2008
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 2 February 2010
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 16 March 201412 January 2019
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 16 March 201412 January 2019
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 17 March 20147 July 2018
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 15 July 20157 July 2018
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 25 July 2015
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone 20 August 2018
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho 20 August 2018
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 3 November 2018
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 3 November 2018
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 12 January 2019
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 12 January 2019
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan 13 January 2019
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 20 January 2019
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 20 January 2019
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 20 January 201918 February 2019
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 20 January 2019
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 21 January 2019
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda 26 January 2019
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 15 March 201917 May 2019
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 22 March 2019
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu 22 March 20196 May 2019
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 29 March 2019
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 29 March 2019
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 25 April 201923 August 2018
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 25 April 2019
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 25 April 201926 April 2019
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 25 April 2019
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 6 May 2019
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 6 May 2019
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania 6 May 2019
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 11 May 2019
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 11 May 201926 June 2019
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 20 May 20197 July 2018
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 20 May 201926 January 2019
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 20 May 2019
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 20 May 201920 August 2018
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 20 May 201920 August 2018
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 25 May 2019
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 31 May 201931 May 2019
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 31 May 201931 May 2019
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 15 June 201931 July 2019
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 16 June 2019
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 18 June 2019
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 24 June 20193 June 2018
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 24 June 20193 June 2018
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 8 July 20196 May 2019
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 13 July 2019
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 22 July 20199 August 2018
Flag of France.svg  France 31 July 2019
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands 18 August 2019
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 29 August 201931 July 2019
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 29 August 2019
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 29 August 2019
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 29 August 2019
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 30 August 2019
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 3 October 20193 October 2019
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3 October 201923 August 2018
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 3 October 201923 August 2018
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 3 October 20193 October 2019
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 14 October 2019
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 14 October 2019
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 15 October 2019
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 25 October 2019
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 26 October 2019
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi 6 November 201920 August 2018
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 6 November 201920 August 2018

T20 International rankings

In November 2011, the ICC released the first Twenty20 International rankings for the men's game, based on the same system as the Test and ODI rankings. The rankings cover a 2 to 3-year period, with matches since the most recent 1 August weighted fully, matches in the preceding 12 months weighted two-thirds, and matches in the 12 months preceding that weighted one-third. To qualify for the rankings, teams must have played at least eight Twenty20 Internationals in the ranking period. [45] [46]

ICC T20I Championship
RankTeamMatchesPointsRating
1Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 195,285278
2Flag of England.svg  England 174,564268
3Flag of India.svg  India 359,319266
4Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 215,470260
5Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 174,380258
6Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 235,565242
7Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 235,293230
8Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 204,583229
9WestIndiesCricketFlagPre1999.svg  West Indies 245,499229
10Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 173,882228
11Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 183,442191
12Cricket Ireland flag.svg  Ireland 295,513190
13Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 234,288186
14Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 173,096182
15Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 234,148180
16Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 213,769179
17Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 264,618178
18Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 183,169176
19Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 192,980157
20Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 202,835142
21Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 151,956130
22Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 232,982130
23Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong 232,727119
24Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 121,389116
25Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey 212,423115
26Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 161,765110
27Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 101,10110
28Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 9965107
29Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1097598
30Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda 131,20292
31Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 1198590
32Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 292,55788
33Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 151,30487
34Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1186879
35Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 1077377
36Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 1393472
37Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey 1285471
38Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 855369
39Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 161,06567
40Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 639967
41Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 849962
42Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 1376659
43Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 316856
44Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania 316756
45Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands 843054
46Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1261051
47Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 524148
47Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 945447
49Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu 1570449
50Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 520942
51Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 520341
52Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 416241
53Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi 1247640
54Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 1243036
55Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 310535
56Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 929433
57Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 516432
58Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 825832
59Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 412632
60Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 412632
61Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 721631
62Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 1132031
63Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 617028
64Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 717325
65Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 920423
66Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 1429721
67Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 47820
68Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 1217314
69Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 912314
70Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan 78813
71Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone 56112
72Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 1413810
73Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 9859
74Flag of Saint Helena.svg  Saint Helena 6559
75Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 4195
76Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 6234
77Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho 300
78Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda 300
79Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini 300
80Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 500
81Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 600
82Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia 600
83Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar 700
84Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 800
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women ICC page, 1 May 2020
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.

Until 2018, the ICC did not maintain a separate Twenty20 ranking for the women's game, instead aggregating performance over all three forms of the game into one overall women's teams ranking. [47] However, in October, the ICC announced that the women's ranking would be split between ODIs and T20Is, and released both tables shortly thereafter. [48]

Domestic

An Indian Premier League match commencing at the Chepauk Stadium between Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders IPL T20 Chennai vs Kolkata.JPG
An Indian Premier League match commencing at the Chepauk Stadium between Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders
Perth Scorchers taking on Hobart Hurricanes at the WACA during BBL 01 (2011) HobartVSPerth WACA.jpg
Perth Scorchers taking on Hobart Hurricanes at the WACA during BBL 01 (2011)

This is a list of the current Twenty20 domestic competitions in several of the leading cricket countries.

CountryDomestic Competition/sNumber of Teams
Afghanistan Afghanistan Premier League 5
Australia Big Bash League 8
Bangladesh Bangladesh Premier League 8
Canada Global T20 Canada 6
England Vitality Blast 18
Hong Kong Hong Kong T20 Blitz 5
India Indian Premier League, Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy 8, 37
Ireland Inter-Provincial Trophy 4
Netherlands Dutch Twenty20 Cup 16
Nepal Everest Premier League, Dhangadhi Premier League, Pokhara Premier League 6, 6, 6
New Zealand Super Smash 6
Pakistan Pakistan Super League, National T20 Cup 6, 6
Scotland Regional Pro Series 3
South Africa Ram Slam T20 Challenge, Mzansi Super League 6, 6
Sri Lanka Lankan Premier League, Sri Lanka Premier League 6,24
West Indies Caribbean Premier League 6
Zimbabwe Stanbic Bank 20 Series 4

See also

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The ICC Men's T20 World Cup was first held in 2007. It was first decided that every two years an ICC T20 World Cup tournament is to take place, except in the event of an ICC Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Two Associate teams had played in the first tournament, selected through the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One, a 50-over competition. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money. The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the World Twenty20 tournament took place in an Asian country. Pakistan was the only team to reach the last four in the first four editions of the tournament. 2014 saw the expansion to 16 teams featuring three teams making their debuts. Sri Lanka yet again made it to the Finals this time winning after their two other appearances in previous finals. The ICC Men's T20 World Cup has had five champions from six tournaments.

Rashid Khan Arman, commonly known as Rashid Khan, is an Afghan cricketer and the current vice-captain of the national team. He was one of the eleven cricketers to play in Afghanistan's first ever Test match, against India, in June 2018. He returned the most expensive bowling figures by a debutant in a nation's maiden Test match. In September 2019, he led the team in the one-off Test against Bangladesh, and at the age of 20 years and 350 days, became the youngest cricketer to captain a Test match side.

Sandeep Lamichhane is a Nepalese cricketer who plays for the Nepalese national team. A right-arm leg spin bowler, Lamichhane has played for Twenty20 franchise sides across the world, including the Delhi Capitals in the Indian Premier League (IPL), the Melbourne Stars in the Big Bash League (BBL), and the Lahore Qalandars in the Pakistan Super League (PSL).

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