Page playoff system

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The Page playoff system is a playoff format used primarily in softball and curling at the championship level, the Pakistan Super League, and the Indian Premier League cricket tournament. Teams are seeded using a round-robin tournament and the top four play a mix of a single-elimination and double-elimination tournament to determine the winner. It is identical to a four-team McIntyre System playoff, first used by the Victorian Football League in Australia in 1931, originally called the Page–McIntyre system , after the VFL delegate, the Richmond Football Club's Secretary, Percy "Pip" Page, who had advocated its use.

Contents

History

The Page playoff system was used at the Australian Rugby League Championship 1954-1972. In Australia, its most notable use today is in netball, having been adopted by Suncorp Super Netball when it began play in 2017.

The system has been used since 1990 by the International Softball Federation and its successor, the World Baseball Softball Confederation, for the Women's Softball World Championship and from 1996 to 2008 at the Olympic Games. [1]

Its first use in curling was by the Canadian Curling Association in the 1995 Labatt Brier, [2] the men's championship, and was adopted the next year at the 1996 Scott Tournament of Hearts, the women's championship. [3] It gained acceptance and in 2005 the World Curling Championships started using it until 2018 when the playoff format was switched to re-seeding 6 team single-elimination. It has not yet been adopted in curling at the Olympic Games.

The format is used in the Indian Premier League cricket tournament since 2011. [4]

The format has also been used in some much lower-key, internet gaming events, such as chess [5] and backgammon. [6]

Beginning with the 2020 season, the League of Legends Championship Series uses a double-elimination format with a Page playoff system being employed for the final rounds of the playoff tournament. A similar format would also be adopted for the League of Legends European Championship that same year.

The 2021 NBA playoffs will use a Page playoff system for the seventh to tenth place teams in each conference, with the winner of the he first round, featuring the 7th to 10th seeds. The winner of the 7-8 game will advance to the playoffs as the seventh seed, while the loser plays in the preliminary final style game against the winner of the 9-10 game for the eighth seed.

Format

The system requires teams to be ranked in some way, as the top two teams have an advantage over the bottom two. This is usually accomplished through a round-robin tournament, which eliminates all but the top four teams.

Round-robin

A standard round-robin tournament is used, in which all teams play each other once. Because the number of total games increases quadratically with respect to the number of teams, scheduling too many teams will result in an unwieldy number of games, particularly when there are a limited number of playing surfaces (championship curling arenas usually only have four or five sheets). Therefore, the number of teams is usually capped at around a dozen; if this is not possible or desirable, teams may be separated into groups playing separate round-robins and either having the top teams combining for the Page playoff or playing separate ones in each group and having the winners play each other after.

Page playoff system

The system was invented in Australia in the early 1930s and adopted soon after by the Victorian Football League (now known as the Australian Football League). The top four teams advance to the playoffs, which are played over three rounds with one team being eliminated in each round. Archived 2018-12-26 at the Wayback Machine

The format progresses as follows:

This system gives the top two teams a double chance, in that they can lose their first game and still go on to win the title, producing a similar though not identical effect to a double-elimination tournament. This gives the top two teams a significant advantage over the next two, since winning the title from third or fourth place requires winning one more game than winning from first or second, and also requires defeating every other team in the playoffs. Additionally, the higher ranked team in any pairing (which, in the final, is automatically the team which won Game 2) will play as the home team to provide an additional advantage; in the case of curling teams, where teams rarely play national or international tournaments at their home rink, the advantage is that the first-placed team is given the hammer (last rock) in the first end, which is a reasonable advantage between comparably skilled teams.

In the 2008 World Women's Curling championship, a fifth match was added to the format: a bronze medal playoff match, which was played between the two teams which did not qualify for the final (the losers of Games 1 and 3). This game is normally scheduled between Games 3 and 4. Previously, the bronze would have automatically been awarded to the team which lost Game 3, so this game provides a chance for the loser of Game 1 to still receive a medal. This was also introduced at the national level at the 2011 Scotties Tournament of Hearts and the 2011 Tim Hortons Brier. The bronze medal game was heavily criticized for being "meaningless" in part because simply winning a "medal" does not carry the same sort of prestige it does in the Olympic Games. The bronze medal game was eliminated prior to the 2018 Canadian championship curling season.

Names of matches

In Australia, Games 1 and 2 are known as Semi-Finals; Game 3 is called the Preliminary Final, and the final is known as the Grand Final. To distinguish between the two Semi-Finals, which are different in nature, the match between 3rd and 4th is known either as the First Semi-Final or the Minor Semi-Final; and the match between 1st and 2nd is known either as the Second Semi-Final or the Major Semi-Final.

In Curling, Games 1 and 2 are usually known as the 3-4 game and 1-2 game, respectively (and Game 2 is usually played first, to give the higher-ranked team more rest before Game 3); Game 3 is called the Semi-Final, and the final is known by that name.

In India, Game 1 is known as the Eliminator, Games 2 and 3 are called Qualifiers, and the final is known by that name.

Examples

1931 Victorian Football League playoffs

The first-ever use of the system was in Australia in 1931 after the Victorian Football League adopted it. The regular season ended with Geelong winning the minor premiership, followed by Richmond, Carlton and Collingwood. The finals proceeded as follows:

 Semi-FinalsPreliminary FinalGrand Final
              
1Geelong10.6 (66) 
2Richmond15.9 (99)    2Richmond7.6 (48)
   1Geelong11.17 (83) 1Geelong9.14 (68)
 3Carlton11.11 (77) 
3Carlton20.10 (130)
4Collingwood5.12 (42) 

Page playoff results from the 2019 Indian Premier League:

PreliminaryFinal
 12 May — Hyderabad
7 May — Chennai
1 Mumbai Indians 132/4 (18.3 overs)
2 Chennai Super Kings 131/4 (20 overs)1 Mumbai Indians 149/8 (20 overs)
Mumbai won by 6 wickets  2 Chennai Super Kings 148/7 (20 overs)
Mumbai won by 1 run  
10 May — Visakhapatnam
2 Chennai Super Kings 151/4 (19 overs)
3 Delhi Capitals 147/9 (20 overs)
Chennai won by 6 wickets  
8 May — Visakhapatnam
3 Delhi Capitals 165/8 (19.5 overs)
4 Sunrisers Hyderabad 162/8 (20 overs)
Delhi won by 2 wickets  

Page playoff results from the 2004 Nokia Brier:

 Page PlayoffsSemi-FinalFinal
              
1Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 6 
2Flag of Alberta.svg  Alberta 10    2Flag of Alberta.svg  Alberta 9
   1Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 7 1Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 10
 4Flag of British Columbia.svg  British Columbia 4 
3Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg  Newfoundland and Labrador 5
4Flag of British Columbia.svg  British Columbia 7 

Page playoff, including a bronze medal match, from the 2011 Scotties Tournament of Hearts.

 Page PlayoffsSemi-FinalFinal
              
1Flag of Saskatchewan.svg  Saskatchewan 9 
2Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada10    2Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada7
   1Flag of Saskatchewan.svg  Saskatchewan 7 1Flag of Saskatchewan.svg  Saskatchewan 8
 3Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario 5 
3Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario 13
4Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 5 
Bronze Medal Game
   
4 Flag of Nova Scotia.svg  Nova Scotia 9
3 Flag of Ontario.svg  Ontario 7

Reaction

Players and fans alike have had a mixed reaction to the system. Broadcasters enjoy it as it produces one more game than the single elimination format. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

The playoffs, play-offs, postseason and/or finals of a sports league are a competition played after the regular season by the top competitors to determine the league champion or a similar accolade. Depending on the league, the playoffs may be either a single game, a series of games, or a tournament, and may use a single-elimination system or one of several other different playoff formats. Playoff, in regard to international fixtures, is to qualify or progress to the next round of a competition or tournament.

A tournament is a competition involving 4 or more teams, or a large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game. More specifically, the term may be used in either of two overlapping senses:

  1. One or more competitions held at a single venue and concentrated into a relatively short time interval.
  2. A competition involving a number of matches, each involving a subset of the competitors, with the overall tournament winner determined based on the combined results of these individual matches. These are common in those sports and games where each match must involve a small number of competitors: often precisely two, as in most team sports, racket sports and combat sports, many card games and board games, and many forms of competitive debating. Such tournaments allow large numbers to compete against each other in spite of the restriction on numbers in a single match.
Tim Hortons Brier Canadian mens curling championship

The Tim Hortons Brier, or simply the Brier, is the annual Canadian men's curling championship, sanctioned by Curling Canada. The current event name refers to its main sponsor, the Tim Hortons coffee and donut shop chain. "Brier" originally referred to a brand of tobacco sold by the event's first sponsor, the Macdonald Tobacco Company.

Bracket (tournament)

A bracket or tournament bracket is a tree diagram that represents the series of games played during a knockout tournament. Different knockout tournament formats have different brackets; the simplest and most common is that of the single-elimination tournament. The name "bracket" is American English, derived from the resemblance of the links in the tree diagram to the bracket punctuation symbol ] or [. The closest British term is draw, although this implies an element of chance, whereas some brackets are determined entirely by seeding.

Single-elimination tournament Style of tournament

A single-elimination, knockout, or sudden death tournament is a type of elimination tournament where the loser of each match-up is immediately eliminated from the tournament. Each winner will play another in the next round, until the final match-up, whose winner becomes the tournament champion. Each match-up may be a single match or several, for example two-legged ties in European football or best-of series in American pro sports. Defeated competitors may play no further part after losing, or may participate in "consolation" or "classification" matches against other losers to determine the lower final rankings; for example, a third place playoff between losing semi-finalists. In a shootout poker tournament, there are more than two players competing at each table, and sometimes more than one progressing to the next round. Some competitions are held with a pure single-elimination tournament system. Others have many phases, with the last being a single-elimination final stage, often called playoffs.

Double-elimination tournament

A double-elimination tournament is a type of elimination tournament competition in which a participant ceases to be eligible to win the tournament's championship upon having lost two games or matches. It stands in contrast to a single-elimination tournament, in which only one defeat results in elimination.

Repechage

Repechage is a practice in series competitions that allows participants who failed to meet qualifying standards by a small margin to continue to the next round. A well known example is the wild card system.

The McIntyre System, or systems as there have been five of them, is a playoff system that gives an advantage to teams or competitors qualifying higher. The systems were developed by Ken McIntyre, an Australian lawyer, historian and English lecturer, for the Victorian Football League in 1931.

After a top five play-off system was used, a play-off structure involving the top six teams was used to determine the winners of the Super League competition in British rugby league from 2002 through to 2008.

There are a number of formats used in various levels of competition in sports and games to determine an overall champion. Some of the most common are the single elimination, the best-of- series, the total points series more commonly known as on aggregate, and the round-robin tournament.

A wild card is a tournament or playoff berth awarded to an individual or team that fails to qualify in the normal way, for example by having a high ranking or winning a qualifying stage. In some events, wild cards are chosen freely by the organizers. Other events have fixed rules. Some North American professional sports leagues compare the records of teams which did not qualify directly by winning a division or conference.

Women's softball made its first appearance as an official medal sport at the 1996 Summer Olympics. The competition was held at historic Golden Park in Columbus, Georgia, United States. Final results for the Softball competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics:

The AFL final eight system is an eight-team championship playoff tournament developed and adopted by the Australian Football League in the 2000 season. The eight teams, which are ranked or seeded in advance of the tournament, participate in a four-week tournament, with two teams eliminated in each of the first three weeks. The grand final is played in the fourth week between the two remaining teams, with the winning team awarded the premiership.

A play-in game is a game at the beginning of a tournament that forces the lowest qualifiers for the tournament to play each other before the main portion of the tournament begins. This gives an added advantage to the higher qualifiers, allowing them to rest, while the lower teams extend themselves by playing. Further, teams that participate in the play-in must usually play the next game against the highest qualifier in the tournament and play on the road. Having a play-in game allows for a tournament to have a number of teams that is not a power of two, and gives an extra advantage for teams to play for, as they try to win to avoid having to play in the extra game.

PBA Commissioners Cup Tournament of the Philippine Basketball Association

The PBA Commissioner's Cup is a tournament of the Philippine Basketball Association. Along with the PBA Governors' Cup, the tournament is one of the two competitions in a PBA season that allows teams to hire a single foreign player, also known as an "import". The tournament was first held in 1993 as the PBA season's second competition.

A one-game playoff, sometimes known as a pennant playoff, tiebreaker game or knockout game, is a tiebreaker in certain sports—usually but not always professional—to determine which of two teams, tied in the final standings, will qualify for a post-season tournament. Such a playoff is either a single game or a short series of games.

Eliteserien, known as Fjordkraftligaen due to sponsorship, is the premier Norwegian ice hockey league, organised by the Norwegian Ice Hockey Association. It comprises 10 clubs and works on the premise of promotion and relegation, in which the two teams who placed last must play the top two teams from First Division for the rights to play in the next Eliteserie season.

Softball at the 2008 Summer Olympics

Softball at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing took place over a ten-day period starting August 12 and culminating in the medal finals on August 21. All games were played at the Fengtai Softball Field. Olympic softball is a women only competition, with men competing in the similar sport of baseball.

The NBA playoffs are an annual best-of-seven elimination tournament annually held after the National Basketball Association (NBA)’s regular season to determine the league's champion.

The Major League Baseball postseason is an elimination tournament held after the conclusion of the Major League Baseball (MLB) regular season. Since 2012, the playoffs for each league—American and National—consist of a one-game wild-card playoff between two wild card teams, two best-of-five Division Series (LDS) featuring the wild-card winner and the winner of each division, and finally the best-of-seven League Championship Series (LCS). The winners of the American League Championship Series (ALCS) and the National League Championship Series (NLCS) play each other in the best-of-seven World Series. The current system allows for a maximum of 43 postseason games and a minimum of 26 games.

References

  1. International Softball Federation. Technical & Venue Manual Archived 2006-10-25 at the Wayback Machine (PDF). Retrieved March 23, 2006
  2. 1 2 Dalla Costa, Morris (March 3, 2006). . London Free Press via Canoe .
  3. Soudog's Curling History Site. 1996 Scott Tournament of Hearts. Retrieved March 23, 2006.
  4. Indian Premier League
  5. Fischer Random Chess Email Club. FRCEC's Annual Championship Tournament Archived 2006-01-10 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved March 23, 2006.
  6. New Horizons Backgammon. New Horizon Ladder Super League Archived 2004-08-03 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved March 23, 2006.