Innings

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An innings is one of the divisions of a cricket match during which one team takes its turn to bat. Innings also means the period in which an individual player bats (acts as either striker or nonstriker). Innings, in cricket, and rounders, is both singular and plural; this contrasts with baseball and softball in which the singular is "inning".

Contents

Origin

The earliest known record of the term concerns a match in August 1730 at Blackheath, Kent between a Kent side and London Cricket Club. The London-based St. James Evening Post reported: "'Twas thought that the Kentish champions would have lost their honours by being beat at one innings if time had permitted". [1] [2]

Usage in cricket

An innings is one of the divisions of a match during which one team takes its turn to bat, and is said to be "in to bat". [3] [4] Innings is the subject of Law 13 in the Laws of Cricket . [5]

The term is also used with the meaning of "score" for both the team and each individual batsman. For example, it may be said that "he played an innings of 101", meaning that the player scored 101 runs in his innings (while batting during one of the team's innings). Similarly, it may be said that the team had a first innings (score) of 501. [5]

Metaphor

The term can generally be taken as a reference to the time during which someone possesses something and, colloquially, the phrase "a good innings" means a long life. [6] [7]

See also

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English cricket matches to 1725

The earliest definite mention of cricket is dated Monday, 17 January 1597. The reference is in the records of a legal case at Guildford re the use of a parcel of land c.1550 and John Derrick, a coroner, testified that he had at that time played cricket on the land when he was a boy. Cricket may have been a children's game in the 16th century but, about 1610, the earliest known organised match was played and references from that time indicate adult participation. From then to 1725, less than thirty matches are known to have been organised between recognised teams. Similarly, a limited number of players, teams and venues of the period have been recorded.

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Richmond Green cricket ground, on The Green at Richmond, London, has been a venue for cricket matches since the 17th century. The earliest reference dates from May 1666 and some top-class matches were played there in the first half of the 18th century. A match in 1731, which culminated in a riot, is the earliest in cricket history of which team scores are known. The result of a match in July 1741 is the sport's earliest known tie.

References

  1. Buckley, p. 4.
  2. Maun, p. 130.
  3. Sarah Jewell; J. James Reade; Carl Singleton. "It's Just Not Cricket: The Uncontested Toss and the Gentleman's Game" (PDF). Reading.ac.uk. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  4. "Why captains choose not to follow-on these days". Espncricinfo.com. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  5. 1 2 "Law 13 – Innings". MCC. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
  6. Chambers, p. 768.
  7. Oxford, p. 733.

Bibliography