Hat-trick (cricket)

Last updated

In cricket, a hat-trick occurs when a bowler takes three wickets with consecutive deliveries. The deliveries may be interrupted by an over bowled by another bowler from the other end of the pitch or the other team's innings, but must be three consecutive deliveries by the individual bowler in the same match. Only wickets attributed to the bowler count towards a hat-trick; run outs do not count, although they can contribute towards a so-called team hat-trick, which is ostensibly a normal hat-trick except that the three successive deliveries can be wickets from any bowler in the team and with any mode of dismissal.

Contents

Hat-tricks are rare, and as such are treasured by bowlers.

The term is also sometimes used to mean winning the same competition three times in a row. For example, Australia winning the Cricket World Cup in 1999, 2003 and 2007, [1] and Lancashire winning the County Championship in 1926, 1927 and 1928. [2]

Test cricket

In Test cricket history there have been just 46 hat-tricks, the first achieved by Fred Spofforth for Australia against England in 1879. In 1912, Australian Jimmy Matthews achieved the feat twice in one game against South Africa. The only other players to achieve two hat-tricks are Australia's Hugh Trumble, against England in 1902 and 1904, Pakistan's Wasim Akram, in separate games against Sri Lanka in 1999, and England's Stuart Broad in 2011 and 2014.

Nuwan Zoysa of Sri Lanka is the First bowler to achieve a hat-trick with his first three balls in a Test, against Zimbabwe in 1999. [3] Irfan Pathan of India achieved a hat-trick in the first over of a Test match against Pakistan.

Australian fast bowler Peter Siddle took a hat-trick in an Ashes test match against England on 25 November 2010, Siddle's 26th birthday. [4]

One Day Internationals

In One Day International cricket there have been 49 hat-tricks, the first by Jalal-ud-Din for Pakistan against Australia in 1982, and the most recent player to achieve this feat is Kuldeep Yadav of India against West Indies in the 2019 Three match ODI series during the West Indies tour of India.

Sri Lanka's Lasith Malinga is the only bowler to take three hat-tricks in a single form of international cricket with his three in ODIs. Four players have taken at least two ODI hat-tricks in their careers: Wasim Akram and Saqlain Mushtaq of Pakistan, Chaminda Vaas of Sri Lanka and Kuldeep Yadav of India. (Akram therefore has four international hat-tricks in total).

Chaminda Vaas is the only player to achieve a hat-trick with the first three deliveries in a One Day International, against Bangladesh in the tenth match of 2003 ICC World Cup at City Oval, Pietermaritzburg. He also took a fourth wicket with the fifth ball of the same over, just missing the doublehat-trick (read the section "More than three dismissals" below for more information).

T20 Internationals

As of 30 January 2022, there have been 27 hat-tricks in T20Is. [5]

The first Twenty20 hat-trick was taken by Brett Lee of Australia, playing against Bangladesh in Cape Town in September 2007. [5] [6] Lasith Malinga is the only bowler with multiple T20I hat-tricks. His first hat-trick was achieved against Bangladesh in 2017 [7] and his second hat-trick occurred in September 2019 against New Zealand. [8]

Rashid Khan, Lasith Malinga, Curtis Campher and Jason Holder are the only bowlers to take four wickets in four balls in T20Is, Khan achieving this feat against Ireland in February 2019, [9] and Malinga repeating the achievement against New Zealand in September 2019. [8] On 18 October 2021 at 2021 ICC Men's T20 World Cup, Campher achieved the feat against the Netherlands [10] On 30 January 2022, Holder achieved this feat against England. [11] [12]

On 6 August 2021, Nathan Ellis picked up three wickets off the last three balls of Bangladesh innings to become the first male cricketer to take a hat-trick on his debut in a T20I match. [13]

Unusual hat-tricks

Some hat-tricks are particularly extraordinary. On 2 December 1988, Merv Hughes, playing for Australia, dismissed Curtly Ambrose with the last ball of his penultimate over and Patrick Patterson with the first ball of his next over, wrapping up the West Indies first innings. When Hughes returned to bowl in the West Indies second innings, he trapped Gordon Greenidge lbw with his first ball, completing a hat-trick over two different innings and becoming the only player in Test cricket history to achieve the three wickets of a hat-trick in three different overs.

In 1844, underarm bowler William Clarke, playing for "England" against Kent, achieved a hat-trick spread over two innings, dismissing Kent batsman John Fagge twice within the hat-trick. Fagge batted at number 11 in the first innings and at number 3 in the second. This event is believed to be unique in first-class cricket. [14]

The most involved hat-trick was perhaps when Melbourne club cricketer Stephen Hickman, playing for Power House in March 2002, achieved a hat-trick spread over three overs, two days, two innings, involving the same batsman twice, and observed by the same non-striker, with the hat-trick ball being bowled from the opposite end to the first two. In the Mercantile Cricket Association C-Grade semi-final at Fawkner Park, South Yarra, Gunbower United Cricket Club were 8 for 109 when Hickman came on to bowl his off spin. He took a wicket with the last ball of his third over and then bowled number 11 batsman Richard Higgins with the first ball of his next over to complete the Gunbower innings, leaving Chris Taylor the not out batsman. Power House scored 361, putting the game out of reach of Gunbower. In the second innings, opener Taylor was joined by Higgins at the fall of the fourth wicket as Hickman returned to the attack. With his first ball, observed by an incredulous Taylor at the non-striker's end, he clean bowled Higgins, leaving Higgins with a pair of golden ducks. [15]

More than three dismissals

The feat of taking four wickets in four balls has never occurred in Test cricket, and it has occurred only once in One Day International cricket, in the 2007 World Cup, when Lasith Malinga managed the feat against South Africa. Malinga then repeated this triumph in a T20I against New Zealand during their tour of Sri Lanka. Afghanistan's Rashid Khan, [16] Ireland's Curtis Campher [17] and West Indian Jason Holder took four wickets in four balls in T20Is, against Ireland, Netherlands and England respectively. It has also occurred on other occasions in first-class cricket. Kevan James of Hampshire took four wickets in four balls and scored a century in the same county game against India in 1996. The Cricinfo report on the game claimed that this was unique in cricket. [18] [19] It is sometimes claimed that the first cricketer to achieve this feat was Joseph Wells (father of novelist H. G. Wells): [20] [21] in 1862 he dismissed Sussex's James Dean, Spencer Leigh, Charles Ellis and Richard Fillery with successive balls. (Spencer Leigh was the great-nephew of Jane Austen.) [22]

Albert Trott and Joginder Rao are the only known bowlers credited with two hat-tricks in the same innings in first-class cricket (double hat-tricks notwithstanding). One of Trott's two hat-tricks, for Middlesex against Somerset at Lords in 1907, was a four in four (i.e. a double hat-trick). Similarly, there are at least two known instances of first-class hat-tricks from two innings in the same match. Amin Lakhani achieved this feat for the Combined XI side against India in Multan in 1979, [23] while Starc's hat-tricks occurred in 2017 in a Sheffield Shield clash between New South Wales and Western Australia. [24] [25]

For Gloucestershire against Yorkshire in 1922, Charlie Parker had a hat-trick that was nearly five wickets in five balls: he actually struck the stumps with five successive deliveries, but the second was a no-ball.

Five wickets in five balls was achieved by Scott Babot of Wainuiomata Cricket Club playing in the Senior 3 competition in New Zealand in 2008; it happened across two innings and separated by seven days, as the match took place on consecutive Saturdays. [26]

During Brazil's national T20 in 2017, the spectators witnessed a triple hat trick when Carioca Cricket Club's off spinner, Rafi ur Rahman claimed 5 wickets with 5 consecutive balls. The feat came against Brasilia Federal District when the unorthodox off spinner claimed a leg before, two players clean bowled and two caught. The moment was declared "Best of the year" in the 2017 national awards by the club. [27]

A 'perfect over' of 6 wickets taken with 6 consecutive balls was achieved by Australian Aled Carey on 21 January 2017 while bowling for Golden Point Cricket Club against East Ballarat Cricket Club in the Ballarat Cricket Association competition. This very rare feat consisted of 2 catches, an LBW and 3 bowled. [28]

Taking two wickets in two consecutive deliveries is occasionally known as a brace, or, more commonly, especially until the next delivery has been made, being on a hat-trick. In Australia, four wickets in four balls is sometimes referred to as a double hat-trick on the basis that there are two ways of compiling the three-in-three sequence (i.e. wickets 1,2 and 3 or wickets 2,3 and 4). [29] [30]

Three dismissals by fielders

There are very few cases of a fielder or wicket keeper taking a hat-trick of dismissals off consecutive deliveries in first-class cricket, and none in international cricket. The first such instance is the only known hat-trick of stumpings by a wicket-keeper: W. H. Brain for Gloucestershire against Somerset in 1893, all off the bowling of C. L. Townsend. There has never been a first-class wicket-keeping hat-trick that mixes catches and stumpings, but four other wicket-keepers have taken a hat-trick of catches: KR Meherhomji for Railways vs Freelooters at Secunderabad (the only instance outside England) in 1931, GO Dawkes for Derbyshire vs Worcestershire at Kidderminster in 1958, RC Russell for Gloucestershire against Surrey at The Oval in 1986, and T Frost for Warwickshire against Surrey at Edgbaston in 2003. (In Russell and Frost's cases, no bowler took a hat-trick, since their catches were taken off different bowlers in successive overs: Meherhomji's and Dawkes's feats were hat-tricks for the bowlers as well, L Ramji and HL Jackson.) There are only two recorded cases of a hat-trick of catches being recorded by a non-wicket-keeper, both of which were also hat-tricks for the bowler as well: GJ Thompson, for Northants against Warwickshire at Edgbaston in 2014 (all off SG Smith), and Marcus Trescothick for Somerset against Notts in 2018 at Trent Bridge (all off Craig Overton). Trescothick – though more famous as a batsman and only an occasional bowler – has also taken a hat-trick as a bowler, in 1995 against the Young Australians.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chaminda Vaas</span> Sri Lankan cricketer

Deshabandu Warnakulasuriya Patabendige Ushantha Joseph Chaminda Vaas is a former Sri Lankan international cricketer, who played all forms of the game, and a former ODI captain who is often described as the greatest fast medium bowler Sri Lanka has produced, due to his highly accurate lines, lengths and capability of swinging the ball. Vaas currently holds the record for the best bowling figures in ODI history, and is the only bowler to take an 8-wicket haul in ODIs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saqlain Mushtaq</span> Pakistani cricketer

Saqlain Mushtaq is a Pakistani cricket coach and former international cricketer who, as of February 2022, is the head coach of the Pakistani national cricket team. Regarded as one of the best spin bowlers in the history of cricket, he is best known for pioneering the "doosra", a leg break delivery bowled with an off break action. He was the fastest to reach the milestones of 200 and 250 wickets in ODIs.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wasim Akram</span> Pakistani former professional cricketer

Wasim Akram HI is a Pakistani cricket commentator, coach, and former cricketer and captain of the Pakistan national cricket team. Akram is widely regarded as one of the greatest fast bowlers of all time, and several critics regard him as the greatest left-arm fast bowler of cricket history. In October 2013, Wasim Akram was the only Pakistani cricketer to be named in an all-time Test World XI to mark the 150th anniversary of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.

Nuwan Kulasekara Sri Lankan cricketer

Kulasekara Mudiyanselage Dinesh Nuwan Kulasekara is a former Sri Lankan cricketer who played all formats of the game. Considered as one of the best swing bowlers in world cricket, Kulasekara was ranked number one in the ODI bowlers rankings on 11 March 2009 and remained in that position until 26 September of that year becoming the only Sri Lankan to achieve the feat. He was educated at Bandaranayake College, Gampaha.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lasith Malinga</span> Former Sri Lankan cricketer

Separamadu Lasith Malinga, nicknamed "Slinga Malinga", is a Sri Lankan former cricketer who is widely regarded as one of the greatest limited overs bowlers of all time. Malinga captained the Sri Lankan 2014 T20 World Cup winning side and is the only bowler to take 4 wickets in 4 balls twice in international cricket. Malinga is a right-arm fast bowler that is commonly used as a specialist death bowler, and is well known for his distinctive round-arm action, sometimes referred to as a sling action, hence his aforementioned nickname. Malinga announced his retirement from all forms of cricket on 14 September 2021.

The Super Eight stage of the 2007 Cricket World Cup was scheduled between 27 March 2007 and 21 April 2007, and determined the four qualifiers for the semi-finals of the tournament. Matches were held in Antigua, Bridgetown in Barbados, Georgetown in Guyana, and Grenada.

The 2011–12 edition of the Commonwealth Bank Series was a One Day International cricket tournament which was held in Australia. It was a tri-nation series between Australia, India, and Sri Lanka. This was the first time Australia had hosted a tri-series since 2007–08.

The Sri Lankan cricket team toured Australia from 6 December 2012 to 28 January 2013. The tour consisted of three Tests, five One Day Internationals (ODIs) and two Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is). Tests were played for the Warne–Muralidaran Trophy. The Test series was preceded by a match against the Cricket Australia Chairman's XI and Sri Lankans.

Mahamarakkala Kurukulasooriya Patabendige Akila Dananjaya Perera, popularly as Akila Dananjaya, is a professional Sri Lankan cricketer, who plays all forms of the game for the national team. In March 2021, he became the first bowler to take hat-trick and be hit for the maximum of six sixes in an over in the same match, by Kieron Pollard against West Indies.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jasprit Bumrah</span> Indian cricketer

Jasprit Jasbirsingh Bumrah is an Indian international cricketer, who plays for the Indian national cricket team in all formats of the game. He is the first Asian bowler to take 5 wickets in a test innings in South Africa, England and Australia during the same calendar year. He also holds the record for most runs scored in a single over in a Test match, when he scored 35 runs off the bowling of Stuart Broad at Edgbaston in July 2022.

The History of the Sri Lanka national cricket team began with the formation of the Colombo Cricket Club in 1832. By the 1880s a national team, the Ceylon national cricket team, was formed which began playing first-class cricket by the 1920s. The Ceylon national cricket team had achieved associate member status of the International Cricket Council in 1965. Renamed Sri Lanka in 1972, the national team first competed in top level international cricket in 1975, when they played against West Indies during 1975 Cricket World Cup; West Indies won the match by 9 wickets at Old Trafford, Manchester, England.

This article contains information, results and statistics regarding the Australian national cricket team in the 2016 and 2016–17 cricket seasons. Statisticians class the 2016–17 season as matches played between May 2016 and April 2017.

The New Zealand cricket team toured Sri Lanka in August and September 2019 to play two Test and three Twenty20 International (T20I) matches. The Test series formed a part of the inaugural 2019–2021 ICC World Test Championship. The fixtures for the tour were confirmed in July 2019. Originally, the first two T20I matches were scheduled to be played at the R. Premadasa International Cricket Stadium in Colombo, but were moved to the Pallekele International Cricket Stadium in Kandy.

References

    1. "How Gilchrist destroyed Sri Lanka". Cricinfo. 29 April 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2020. By the time he was done, he had made the fifth century – and the highest score – in a World Cup final, and had put Australia firmly on the road to a hat-trick of World Cup triumphs.
    2. "County File: Lancashire are finally in full bloom after more than 150 years". Daily Telegraph. 25 May 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2020. Still, there was enough brass to enable Lancashire to become the first county to win a hat-trick of titles in two formats, by bringing in overseas players to make the difference. The first was Ted Macdonald, who spearheaded Lancashire’s hat-trick of championship wins from 1926 to 1928.
    3. "Cricket: Zoysa performs opening hat-trick" . The Independent. London. 27 November 1999. Archived from the original on 2022-05-09. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
    4. "1st Test, Brisbane, Nov 25 - 29 2010, England tour of Australia". Cricinfo. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
    5. 1 2 "Records | Twenty20 Internationals | Bowling records | Hat-tricks". ESPNcricinfo . Retrieved 31 January 2022.
    6. "14th Match, Group F, ICC World Twenty20 at Cape Town, Sep 16 2007". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
    7. "2nd T20I (N), Bangladesh tour of Sri Lanka at Colombo, Apr 6 2017". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
    8. 1 2 "3rd T20I (N), New Zealand tour of Sri Lanka at Pallekele, Sep 6 2019". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
    9. "Full Scorecard of Afghanistan vs Ireland 3rd T20I 2018/19 - Score Report | ESPNcricinfo.com". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2021-07-04.
    10. "Ireland pacer Curtis Campher becomes third bowler to take four wickets in four balls in T20Is". ANI News. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
    11. "5th T20I (D/N), Bridgetown, Jan 30 2022, England tour of West Indies". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 2022-01-30.
    12. "Holder the hero as West Indies get amazing series win". Cricket West Indies. Retrieved 31 January 2022.
    13. "Nathan Ellis: Australia bowler takes hat-trick on debut against Bangladesh". BBC Sport. Retrieved 6 August 2021.
    14. "Stirling's gold, and the not-so-roaring forties". CricInfo. 21 September 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
    15. Warwick Franks, Australian Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 2002, Hardie Grant Books, p. 50.
    16. "Full Scorecard of Afghanistan vs Ireland 3rd T20I 2018/19 - Score Report | ESPNcricinfo.com". ESPNcricinfo.
    17. "Ireland beat Netherlands Ireland won by 7 wickets (with 29 balls remaining) - Netherlands vs Ireland, ICC Men's T20 World Cup, 3rd Match, First Round Group A Match Summary, Report | ESPNcricinfo.com". ESPNcricinfo.
    18. "Hampshire v Indians, Match Report". CricInfo. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
    19. "Hampshire v Indians at Southampton, 29 June-1 July 1996". CricInfo. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
    20. "Four wickets in four balls". CricInfo. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
    21. "Sussex v Kent at Hove, 1862". CricketArchive. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
    22. Rice, Jonathan. "Never a famous cricketer". John Wisden. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
    23. "Mitchell Starc creates history, takes two hat-tricks in same game ahead of Ashes". Hindustan Times. 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2022-08-27.
    24. Mitchell Starc takes double hat-trick, creates history , retrieved 2022-08-27
    25. "Watch Starc's two hat-tricks back-to-back". cricket.com.au. Retrieved 2022-08-27.
    26. "Cricket Wellington – Babot: Triple Hat-trick". cricketwellington.co.nz. Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
    27. Belen, Nelson (2017-11-30). "Carioca Cricket Club Hosts 2017 Awards Night with New President: Sponsored". The Rio Times. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
    28. "Six of best for Australian club bowler Aled Carey". The New Zealand Herald . 26 January 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
    29. "Proteas escape after Malinga double hat-trick". ABC News. 2007-03-29. Retrieved 2019-01-06.
    30. "DOUBLE 'HAT TRICK' TO SCHOOLBOY". Queensland Times (Ipswich, Qld. : 1909 – 1954). 1953-02-28. p. 5. Retrieved 2019-01-06.