Duck (cricket)

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In cricket, a duck is a batsman's dismissal for a score of zero. [1]

Contents

Origin of the term

The term is a shortening of the term "duck's egg", the latter being used long before Test cricket began. When referring to the Prince of Wales' (the future Edward VII) score of nought on 17 July 1866, a contemporary newspaper wrote that the Prince "retired to the royal pavilion on a 'duck's egg' ". [2] The name is believed to come from the shape of the number "0" being similar to that of a duck's egg, as in the case of the American slang term "goose-egg" popular in baseball and the tennis term "love", derived - according to one theory - from French l'œuf ("the egg"). The Concise Oxford Dictionary still cites "duck's egg" as an alternative version of the term. [3]

Significant ducks

The first duck in a Test match was made in the very first Test, between Australia and England at Melbourne in March 1877, when Ned Gregory was caught by Andrew Greenwood off the bowling of James Lillywhite. [4] As of 2017, the record for the most ducks in Test cricket is held by West Indies player Courtney Walsh, who was out for nought on 43 occasions, [5] while the overall first-class record is 156, set by Worcestershire and England player Reg Perks. [6]

One particularly high-profile example of a duck came in 1948, when Don Bradman was playing his final Test match for Australia, against England at The Oval. In Australia's first innings, Bradman was bowled for a duck by Eric Hollies, causing his Test average to fall from 101.39 to 99.94; had he scored just four runs, his average would have been 100. As things turned out, Australia won the match by an innings, and so Bradman did not get to bat a second time (had he batted, he would have needed at least 104 runs if dismissed or at least four runs if not out to get his average back to 100). [7]

In the first Test of Australia's tour of India in 1986, with the cumulative scores tied, Indian tailender Maninder Singh was trapped LBW by Greg Matthews for a four ball duck, ensuring just the second tied Test in Test Cricket history.

Indian all-rounder Ajit Agarkar earned the unfortunate nickname "Bombay Duck" after being dismissed for ducks five consecutive times in test matches against Australia. [8]

In a 1913 match against Glastonbury, Huish and Langport's batsmen all scored ducks for a total of zero runs. [9] A similar occurrence in indoor cricket happened in 2016, when Bapchild Cricket Club were dismissed for zero against Christ Church University. [10]

Most ducks by a batsman in their career [11]
RankPlayer (Country)CareerMatInns0
1 Muttiah Muralitharan (Sri Lanka)1992-201149532859
2 Courtney Walsh (West Indies)1984-200133726454
3 Sanath Jayasuriya (Sri Lanka)1989-201158665153
4 Glenn McGrath (Australia)1993-200737620749
5 Mahela Jayawardene (Sri Lanka)1997-201565272547
6 Daniel Vettori (New Zealand)1997-201544238346
7 Wasim Akram (Pakistan)1984-200346042745
8 Zaheer Khan (India)2000-201430923244
Shane Warne (Australia)1992-200733930644
Shahid Afridi (Pakistan)1996-201852450844

Variations

There are several variations used to describe specific types of duck. The usage or prevalence of many of these terms vary regionally, with one term having different meanings in different parts of the world. Even within commentary from ESPN Cricinfo or individual cricket board websites, there is no uniform application of some of these terms.

Pair

To be dismissed for nought in both innings of the same two-innings match is to be dismissed for a pair, [18] because the two noughts together are thought to resemble a pair of spectacles; the longer form is occasionally used. [19] To be dismissed first ball in both innings (i.e., two golden ducks) is to suffer the indignity of making a king pair . [12]

See also

Related Research Articles

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A pair in cricket refers to when a batsman is dismissed for a duck in both innings. It is called a 'king pair' if the batsman gets out for a golden duck [getting out on the first ball he faced] in both innings.

1948 Ashes series

The 1948 Ashes series was that year's edition of the long-standing cricket rivalry between England and Australia. Starting on 10 June 1948, England and Australia played five Tests. Australia had not lost a Test since the Second World War and were strong favourites. Their captain Don Bradman had publicly expressed his ambition of going through the tour without defeat, and Australia won 10 of their 12 lead-up matches, eight by an innings. The England team, however, had several notable players themselves, including Len Hutton, Denis Compton and Alec Bedser. Nevertheless, the final result was a 4–0 series win for Australia, with the Third Test being drawn. They thus retained The Ashes. The Australians remained undefeated for their entire tour of England, earning them the sobriquet of The Invincibles.

Keith Miller with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 Australian cricketers role in a pivotal test match series in 1948

Keith Miller was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948 and went undefeated in its 34 matches. This unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned the Australians the sobriquet "The Invincibles". Miller was an all-rounder: a right-arm opening fast bowler and a right-handed middle-order batsman. With Ray Lindwall, he formed Australia's first-choice opening attack, a combination regarded as one of the best of all time. Miller was also a skillful slip fielder, regarded by his captain as the best in the world.

Fifth Test, 1948 Ashes series

The Fifth Test of the 1948 Ashes series, held at The Oval in London, was the final Test in that cricket series between Australia and England. The match took place on 14–18 August, with a rest day on 15 August. Australia won the match by an innings and 149 runs to complete a 4–0 series win. It was the last Test in the career of Australian captain Donald Bradman, generally regarded as the best batsman in the history of the sport. Going into the match, if Australia batted only once, Bradman needed only four runs from his final innings to have a Test batting average of exactly 100, but he failed to score, bowled second ball for a duck by leg spinner Eric Hollies.

Ray Lindwall was a key member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. The Australians went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Ernie Toshack with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 Australian cricketers role in a pivotal test match series in 1948

Ernie Toshack was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948 and was undefeated in their 34 matches. This unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned Bradman's men the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Ron Saggers with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Ron Saggers was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team of 1948, which toured England and went undefeated in their 34 matches. This unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Doug Ring was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team which toured England in 1948. Bradman's men went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Colin McCool with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 cricketer

Colin McCool was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. Bradman’s men were undefeated in their 34 matches and this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Ron Hamence with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948 Australian cricketer

Ron Hamence was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team of 1948, which toured England and was undefeated in its 34 matches. As a result of this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England, the team earned the nickname The Invincibles.

First Test, 1948 Ashes series

The First Test of the 1948 Ashes series was one of five Tests in a cricket series between Australia and England. The match was played at Trent Bridge in Nottingham from 10 to 15 June with a rest day on 13 June. Australia won the match by eight wickets to take a 1–0 series lead.

Don Bradman with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Don Bradman toured England in 1948 with an Australian cricket team that went undefeated in their 34 tour matches, including the five Ashes Tests. Bradman was the captain, one of three selectors, and overall a dominant figure of what was regarded as one of the finest teams of all time, earning the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Lindsay Hassett was the vice-captain and one of three on-tour selectors for Don Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. The Australians went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles, and resulted in them being regarded as one of the greatest teams of all time. A right-handed batsman, Hassett played in all five Tests; he was a middle-order batsman in all but the Fourth Test, when he stood in as an opener due to an injury to Sid Barnes.

Bill Brown with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Bill Brown was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. Bradman's men went through their 34 matches without defeat; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

Sid Barnes with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Sid Barnes was a key member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. The team went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles. A right-handed opening batsman, Barnes was part of Bradman's first-choice team and played in four of the five Tests—he missed one match due to injury—partnering the left-handed Arthur Morris.

Sam Loxton with the Australian cricket team in England in 1948

Sam Loxton was a member of Donald Bradman's famous Australian cricket team, which toured England in 1948. Bradman's men went undefeated in their 34 matches; this unprecedented feat by a Test side touring England earned them the sobriquet The Invincibles.

References

  1. "The origins of cricket jargon". BBC Bitesize. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  2. 1 2 LONDON from THE DAILY TIMES CORRESPONDENT, 25 July 1866 can be viewed at Paper's past
  3. "duck". AskOxford.com . Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. "Australia v England in 1876/77". CricketArchive. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  5. "Records | Test matches | Batting records | Most ducks in career | ESPNcricinfo.com". Cricinfo. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  6. "Most Ducks in First-Class Cricket". CricketArchive. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  7. "Don Bradman". CricketArchive. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  8. Frindall, Bill (2009). Ask Bearders. BBC Books. pp. 80–81. ISBN   978-1-84607-880-4.
  9. Morris, Steven (7 September 2011). "Ducks all round: the cricket team that was all out for nought". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  10. "Cricket team bowled out for zero in Kent indoor game". BBC Sport. 11 February 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2016.
  11. "Records | Combined Test, ODI and T20I records | Batting records | Most ducks in career | ESPNcricinfo.com". Cricinfo. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  12. 1 2 "Cricket explained". Cricinfo . Retrieved 22 May 2007.
  13. 1 2 Victorian Cricket Association Umpires and Scorers Association Association Newsletter, Vol. 15 No. 5, 2008–2009 season, p11
  14. "cricket.com.au Twenty20 Match Commentary". Archived from the original on 20 January 2009. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
  15. "Diamond duck places Katich in select Ashes club". The Sydney Morning Herald. 4 December 2010.
  16. All Today's Yesterdays – South Africa's first home Test for 22 years
  17. Sailesh S. Radha, Five Days in White Flannels: A Trivia Book on Test Cricket, p46, (AuthorHouse) ISBN   1-4389-2469-0
  18. "Middlesex facing innings defeat at Lord's". Middlesex County Cricket Club. 22 June 2006. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 8 September 2013.
  19. Blofeld, Henry (18 August 2003). "CRICKET: Smith has the class and character to revive England". The Independent . FindArticles. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2013. Conversely, Graham Gooch made a pair of spectacles in his first Test, against Australia.