An over rate is the average number of overs bowled per hour by the bowling team in cricket.When calculated by Test match officials, allowances are made for wickets taken (2 mins per wicket), drinks breaks (4 mins each), UDRS reviews, treatment for injuries, and other reasons, which means the figure is higher than if calculated simply as the number of overs bowled divided by the number of hours of play.
In the highest levels of cricket, bowling sides are expected to achieve a minimum over rate. Bowling teams that have failed to achieve the minimum over rate have had points deducted,the players fined, or the captain suspended for future matches. It has been suggested that penalty runs could be imposed.
In Test cricket, bowling sides are expected to bowl a minimum of 15 overs per hour.
In ODIs, bowling sides are expected to bowl the 50 overs in 3.5 hours, equivalent to a minimum over rate of 14.28 overs per hour.
In T20Is, bowling sides are expected to bowl the 20 overs in 1 hour 25 minutes, equivalent to a minimum over rate of 14.11 overs per hour.
In the 2017 County Championship, Middlesex were relegated by 1 point after a deduction of 2 points for a slow over rate.The minimum over rate requirement was 16 overs per hour.
In the World Cup 1999, India were fined four overs due to a slow over rate. However, Zimbabwe clinched the victory by 3 runs as India were bowled out in 45 overs.
In the 2019–21 ICC World Test Championship, Australia were deducted 4 points for a slow over rate in the second Test against India on 29 December 2020. This ended up resulting in Australia not qualifying for the final, as it reduced their final percentage of points won from 70% (336/480) to 69.2% (332/480). This put them below New Zealand, who achieved 70%. Australia would have finished above New Zealand, in 2nd place, and thus qualified for the final, if the two countries had tied on 70%, due to Australia's superior Runs Per Wicket Ratio.
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(cricket) The average number of overs completed per hour
12.9.1 The minimum over rate to be achieved in Test Matches shall be 15 overs per hour.
The two-point deduction from Middlesex CCC for a slow over rate will stand... it is noted that the requirement of 16 overs per hour is a minimum rate
After picking up a first over-rate offence in nearly six years, India have got two in two games, with the team fined 20 percent of their match fees for a slow over-rate in the fifth and final T20I against New Zealand.
Alastair Cook will miss the fourth one-day international against Sri Lanka after being handed a one-match suspension for England's slow over-rate in Hambantota on Wednesday.
"The committee feels that in-match five-run penalties would be the best deterrent to slow over rates," a statement said.
12.7.1 To be determined by the Home Board subject to there being 2 sessions of 3.5 hours each... 12.8.1 The minimum over rate to be achieved in ODI Matches shall be 14.28 overs per hour.
12.7.1 To be determined by the Home Board subject to there being 2 sessions of 1 hour 25 minutes each... 12.8.1 The minimum over rate to be achieved in T20I Matches shall be 14.11 overs per hour.
Australia's tardy over rate against India in this summer's Boxing Day Test has come back to bite them and could well cost them a spot in the World Test Championship (WTC) final... Had Australia not lost those four WTC points for their over rate offences, their PCT rises to 70 and they would be tied with New Zealand. However, the Australians hold a better "runs per wicket" ratio which the ICC uses as its first tiebreaker, putting Australia into second spot – and a place in the WTC final.